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Gain in Rural Population in 1930-31 Believed Result of Unemployment. BY JESSE O. IRVIN. The great "back-to-the-farm move ment" of today has a joker concealed, j Despite its proportions it hasn’t a gen- j uine ring, according to Dr. C. J. Gal-: pm. United States Department of Agri culture. Dr. Galpin probably is the best-posted man In the United States ; on low and high tides of American farm life. The boy who deserted the farm in the last 10 years for the city is return ing with just enough gas in his flivver to resell the barn door. Dr. Galpin says. But he is returning for a bite to eat and not to till the soil. Dr. Galpin add ed. He will remain only long enough ; for prosperity to resume. "This is just a relief journey,” Dr. Galpin said, ‘‘and should not be asso- , elated with the grand, old ‘back-to-the- | farm' movement of yesteryear. I only i wish It could be along those lines.’’ Farms Gained in 1930. Dr Galpin soon will release his .es timate of American farm population as of January 1. 1932. for the departments Bureau of Agricultural Economics. The exodus from the city, he said. ; will show a "substantial gain" for the year, and the trek farmward in 19S0 j was the largest up to then since 1924. “The outstanding fact about the farm population for the 10 year* before 1930.” said Dr. Galpin. “was that each year showed a decrease In the total living on farm*. It is likely this held good for the previous 10 years, 1920 to 1910. “From 1920 to 1927 there was a yearly decrease of 400.000 persons on farms, while from 1927 to 1980 there ! was a yearly decrease of 200.000. "At this point a marked change; occurred. The farm population from i January 1. 1930. to January 1. 1931. gained after losing gTound for 10 to 20 years. January 1. 1931. the farm population was 27.430.000. as compared with 27.222.000 January 1, 1930, a gain of 208.000. I Departures Decreased. "A gain of over 200.000 In one year Is worth looking into, to catch a clue to the reason. j “Take first births and deaths. The. birth and death rates have varied little. There has been a surplus of births over ! deaths of 350.000 to 400.000 a year, i There is. therefore, nothing In the | number of births or deaths to explain ; the gain in total farm population. "Try another tack. Take the number of farm people who left for cities. Fewer persons left for cities last year than in anv year during the previous 10. Notice how the number leaving the farms runs: In 1922. 2,000.000; 1924, 2 075 000: 1925. 1.900,000: 1926. 2.155, 000: 1927. 1.978.000: 1928., 1-.823.000; 1929. 1.876.000: but in 1930. 1,543.000. "You will note a general though small yearly decrease in the number leaving the farms. But in 1930 there were 330.000 fewer persons leaving the farms than the year before. Farm people, for some reason, stopped going to cities in as large numbers. May Be Temperary. "There is another factor. The move ment from towns and cities back to farms last year was the largest for any year after 1924. In 1924 it was 1.396. 600. In 1930 it reached 1,392.000. Thus, with fewer people than usual leaving farms to live in cities, more people went to the farms from cities. "Whether the increase in farm population marks a new era. the begin ning of a climb upward in the number of people who will live on farms in the future, who c*n tell It may mark only a temporary unemployment im pulse. However. It should be pointed out for the sake of caution that the movement away from the farms has been slowing for the last several years.” <Copyright. 1*35. by the North American Newspaper Alliance. Inc.) / -• KILLED BY SNOW SLIDE Wyoming Man Buried in Rocks I and Ice, but Others Escape. JACKSON, Wyo.. February 13 UP).— | Harry Swanson of Jackson was an Interested observer as a snow and rock i slide crashed two miles down the aide of a mountain in the Teuton Pass region. Just before reaching Swanson and other members of his party, the slide, traveling at wrrific speed, divided. All members of the observation group, except Swansdn, fled down a highway to safety. He was caugVit beneath the debris. Today searching parties dug for his body beneath 60 feet of snow, ice and boulders. 7 Secretary DEANS OF WOMEN MEET HERE FEBRUARY 17-20. MISS GWIADYS W. JONES, Executive secretary of the National As sociation of Deans of Women, which is scheduled to convene at the Mayflower Hotel February 17-20. “Squaring With the Changing Social and Economic Order” will be the general topic for dis cussion. Rabbi Samuel H. Goldenson of Pittsburgh and Cornelia Sorabji. presi dent of the Federation of Indian Uni versity Women. Calcutta, India, will be among the speakers. TRIBUTE TO BE PAID HEROES OF MAINE Two Governments Will Join in Programs Commemorat ing Battleship Sinking. Two governments will join tomorrow in paying tribute to the memories of American sailors and marines who lost their lives in the sinking of the battle ship Maine in Havana Harbor 34 years ago. The Cuban Ambassador, repre sentatives of President Hoover and veterans of the War With Spain will participate in the exercises. Dr. Orestes Ferrera, Ambassador from Cuba, will deliver the principal address at services to be held at the riding hall, Fort Myer, Va., at 1:30 o'clock tomorrow afternoon. The pro gram is to be under the auspices of National Headquarters, United Spanish War Veterans, and the speaking plat form will be shared by George R. Lunn. c#mmander in chief of the veterans’ organization. Personal representatives or President Hoover and of the Cuban government will be present at services to be con ducted at the Maine Shaft in Arlington National Cemetery by the auxiliary bodies of the U. S. W. V. of the Dis trict of Columbia. Wreaths will be placed at the Main Mast, and De partment President Janet Sikken will preside at the ceremonies. National President Florence H. Becker and other national officers of the auxiliary will be present. Detachments from the Army. Navy and Marine Corps will be represented at the services at Fort Myer. and the United States Marine Band will furnish the music for the occasion. Miss Hazel Arth. radio singer, will be the soloist for the occasion. The program has been arranged under the direction of Capt. John Lewis Smith, past commander in chief of the national organization of the U. S. W. V. —--• Takes First Train Ride. Mrs. Anne Curtin. 75. of Crediton. England, was given her first train ride recently by a nephew from the United States. __ SPECIAL AH Ladies’ Dresses, SI.H Ties, 6 for 50e Men's Saits and Overceats, lie ea. Hats Gllaned and Blocked, 10c ap r ——— “ Don’t Forget Our Laundry Service f m «r jlMEN'3 WEAWC Special Sale -A SELECTED GROUP OF— SUITS TOPCOATS Formerly Up to $40 *18? A Feature of Our Semi-Annual Clearance All sizes are included but the quan tity is limited. All are from our regular stock. Alterations at cost. Sidney West, foe. 14th & G Sts. EUGENE C. GOTT—President State and Rural Systems to Be Discussed by U. S. Leaders. The National Survey of School Fi nance Board of Consultants will con vene In the office of education, Interior Department, February 18 for a 3-day session, it was announced yesterday' by Dr. Paul R. Mort. associate director of the survey, which was authorized by Congress. The sessions will be devoted to a de tailed analysis of projected researches. Proposals for utilizing various research groups throughout the country includ ing specialists In the various Institu tions, graduate students, and directors of State departments of research also will be studied. Reports will be given of progress made thus far by the survey staff in apprais ing both the organlratlon of rural schools to promote effective expenditure of funds, and the financial structure of State ichooi eystemi. A detailed pro grrin for the four-year. Nation-wide In vestigation will be decided upon. The Finance Survey Board or Con sultants Includes: L. F. Loree. Presi dent, Delaware and Hudson Railroad. New York City: Mark Graves, director of the budget. State of New York, Al bany, N. Y-: Felix M. McWhlrter. presi dent, People’s State Bank, Indianapolis, Ind.; Albert S. Cook. State superintend ent of schools, Baltimore. Md.; Rolland A. Vandegrift, director of finance, State Department of Finance. Sacramento. Calif.; N. R. Crozier, superintendent of schools, Dallas, Tex. Educators Included. Fred R. Fairchild, professor of politi cal economy, Yale University; Lotus D. Coffman, president. University of Min nesota; Robert M. Haig, professor of business administration, Columbia Uni versity; William G. Carr, director of re search, National Education Association; Arthur N. Holcombe, professor of gov ernment. Harvard University; Harley L. Lutz professor of public financ2, Prince ton University ; Fred W. Morrison, exec utive secret?rv, State Tax Commission. Raleigh, N. C.; Orville C. Piatt, super intendent of schools. Spokane. Wash.; Henry C. Morrison, prof?ssor of educa tion, University of Chicago; George D. St raver, director of educational re search Teachers College, Columbia Uni versity. and Fletcher Harper Swift, pro fessor of education, University of Cali fornia, Bcrkeley^CftUf.__ Paul L. Benjamin Declares Lack of Funds Would Hamper Vital Work. With the Community Cheat having fallen short of Its campaign goal by nearly $200,000, Paul t,. Benjamin, ex ecutive secretary of the District of Co lumbia Employment Committee, today urged every citlren to give full support to the drive In order that the work of the committee may not be hampered by lack of funds. The Employment Committee Is sup ported entirely by the Community ; Chest and the work, which Is growing j in proportion dailv, would therefore be i slowed down within the next few months If funds are not forthcoming. 50« Seek Jobs. More than 500 men and women ap plied for work at the registration office, 11200 Pennsylvania avenue, during the PMt wk. Of them new applicants, nnrlyToo were firm either temporary employment, work at the wood yard or sent to other positions. Linn C. Drake, supervisor of registration, pointed out that the daily average of applicants handled by his office numbered 159, of which 132 were men and 27 women. E. H. Daniels, vice chairman of the committee, has asked all department stores and other merchants who have been In the habit of releasing employes for the Summer months to retain as many «* them as possible, In an effort to - keep the unemployment list from growing. Col. E. O. Bliss, chairman of the Wcrk-Creatlon Committee of the Em ployment Committee, told members of his committee that all elements have been enlisted In the effort to stimulate em ployment. Plans were laid before the committee contemplating stimulation of clean-up. paint-up campaigns, solicita tion for odd jobs, backing up President Hoover's plea against hoarding and se curing of pledges by persons now em ployed to help the situation by making normal expenditures rather than hold ing back buying. Churches Co-operating. The Church Federation is co-operat ing In this connection by devoting a Sunday In all churches looking toward job stimulation. Business and civic bodies will be asked to help in awaken ing Washington to the possibilities of stimulating employment as well as busi ness. There also will be a series of ra dlo addresses by prominent men and women. The increase of unemployment among "white-collar” workers was noticeable during the past two weeks, according to Drake. This reaction Is believed to be due to the number of Government em ployes who have been dropped. U. S. EXPORT INTERESTS IN FRANCE PROTECTED American Chamber of Commerce Seeks to fiacape Limitations of Curernt Quota System. Br the Associated Press. PARIS, February 13.—The interests of American exporters Into France of leather, machine tools, pencils, electric motors, tomato products and dried prunes, which are hit or endangered by the new French quota system, are being actively protected by the American Chamber of Commerce, it was an nounced today. Importers of American patent leather protested to the French government; against the plan to use the figures for the years 1928-30 for establishing the new quota. They requested that the figures of 1931 be used, since these, they said, show the real trend of busi- j nesa best for American goods. If their | proposal is accepted, it would permit the import of 35 metric tons Of Amer ican leather quarterly. 300 BOY SCOUIS JOIN IN PAGEANT TO LINCOLN 22 Episodes in Emancipator's Life Depicted at McKinley Auditorium. With more than 300 participating, the Boy Scout pageant, "Following the Li» acln Trail,” was presented last night in the McKinley High School auditorium: The pageant, depicting 22 episodes in the boyhood or Lincoln, was written by Commodore W. B. Longfellow. Preceding the pageant was a brief ceremony, In which silver beavers were presented to eight men who have been chosen, because of distinguished servioe to boyhood, to receive the award. The program included drum and bugle corps mutlc furnished by Troop 49 Of the Park View Community Center The musical accompaniments were by George F. Ross, organist. Dean J. Longfellow served as stage manager. Just Think of It— The Star delivered to your door every evening and Sunday morning at l*/2c per day and 5c Sunday. Can you aflord to be without this service at this cost? Telephone National 5000 and de livery will itart at once. 25c 81-Inch1 •f g Unbleached X OC Sheeting Yard Another great purchase and sale of this extra wide, heavy un bleached sheeting, the kind pre ferred for making seamless sheets and mattress covers. Street Floor. 2,000 Pr«. Perfect Fall-Fathioned Silk Hose Chiffon and Service Weights, Both With Plroted Tops. Silk hosiers of beautiful quality and fine workmanship at a crowd bringing low price. Large selection of new Spring shades.—Street Floor. ■ -!"”-—OPEN A CHAKUb AllUUPJ 1' Full-Fa*hioned Silk t -f Mesh * I * Hose ^ And Lace Hose Pure silk hosiery in large, medium and small mesh—and In charming lace patterns. Black, oft-black, swastika, soiree, fawn brown and other popular shades. Perfects and irregulars.—Street Floor. $1.00 and ft.25 ! Undies 3 for $1.65 Pajamas Goans Step-Ins Bloomer* Chemises Panties New shipment. Regular sizes, some in extra sires and some in , double extra sizes. Lace-trimmed, tailored and appliqued.—S t r e e t Floor. — ■' ' ..--1 Bought at Public Auction! J Dr.Kahler Shoes Most exciting shoe event we’ve ever announced! Our purchase of these world-famous women’s arch* support shoes from the stock of the Dr. Kahler Shoe Store is offered at an astoundingly low price. ' Sold for $10.00 to S14.50 Sizes 2\ to 10 Widths AAA to EEEE Several of Our Own Arch-Support Line* are alto included. Smart tics, straps and step-ins—in brown kid, black kid. black satin, patent leather, brown calf and combination leathers. Choose from orthopedic footwear of highest qual ity—in a large range of Dr. Kahler's popular styles. - — " ■ - jt ... fa- ,, ■■taua.tg Tremendous Mill Purchase! $1.50 & $2.00 Silks 40-inch All-Silk Flit Crepe 40-inch All-Silk Canton Crepe 40-inch All-Silk Satin Crepe 40-inch Printed Flat Crepe 40-inch Printed All-Silk Chiffon 40-inch Printed Canton Crepe 40-inch Printed All-Silk Georgette 40-inch Printed All-Silk Crepe *Romaine Yard Remnant Lengths cf J to 15 Yards in Plain and Printed Silks of Beau i tiful Quality. Choose fine silks for the whole season at this bargain price! j street Floor. 1800 Seamless Sheets Perfect Quality . .. Extra Lengths Included $1.00, $1.25 and $1.50 Values Mill purchase of a well known ' Z.XX brand, which on account of a 81x90 ® special price concession we may 7? qft not advertise. Heavy, close-tex c-aaa tureci sheets, free from dressing or starch. 54x90 42x36 F llowcaaes to Match the Sheets ^ ^ a t Companion bargain—heavy quality bleached pil- I lowcases with wide hems—same grade as the sheets _■ I above —Street Flow. 9 j ==============_— Charming New Frocks "Iris Linon” "Merry Garden” "Le Mark” Sizes 16 to 42, 44 to SO THE NEW "IRIS LINON” FROCKS, are in pastel shades— Nile, blue, green, rose and orchid. Many have dainty eyelet embroid ery tops, others show rows of fag goting, embroidery work and trim mings of contrasting colors. Two styles sketched. THE NEW PRINTED FROCKS are in many clever Spring fash ions. Long sleeves, short sleeves or sleeveless; pleated or circular skirts. Trimmed with buttons, pleatlngs, jabots and pipings. Guaranteed fast colors. Street Floor and Second Floor. New! Chic! Captivating! Spring Hats In a Famous King’s Palace Price Group— Montelupo Crystal Pedaline Charmeuse Straw Sharkskin Straw Cellophane Racella Rough Straws Brim hats galore—clever, new versions of every accepted Spring millinery mode. Plenty of 6mart turbans, too. And ofl-the-ffcce hats. Gay trimmings of feathers, ornaments, ribbons and flowers. Black and all the springtime col ors. All Mad sizes.^-Street Floor. Now! A Complete, Specialized Section of “Little Women’s” (inrccrc IIKt33W i The Sizes That Fit About Half the Women in Any Community The garment industry at last is giving full recognition to a basic fact about women : The years may broaden A their figures and plump their arms, but m that doesn’t add a hair's breadth to their* stature. And presto! Half-sizes ap pear — for women five-feet-five or } under. King’s Palace features these “little women’s” dresses in all the new Spring fashions. The woman of this type can be fitted perfectly without “taking up” the dress from neck to hem. Half Sizes Range From 16£ to 26£ Covering Size* 36 to 46 If size .16 is no longer just right—try 16lj : and if size 4b tits in the arms but drops off your shoulders, is just right in the hips but flaps around your ankles—try 26'j. Vou‘11 be surprised. $595 \ r.Tr“e C P* QC Flat Crepe I JJ J Canton Crepe p^^ Chiffon • Lace £ W Printed Silks Plain Colors ^ mhb a n Print. S ^ 95 Combinations ™ M W Lace Trimmed Embroidered Tailored Puffed Sleeves New Necklines Jackets Yoke Effects Flares Second Floor Clearance pf\ i rpn of Women’s vU A1 u All Fur-Trimmed Coats Reduced St,# $0.90 $11.90 Costa V Costa X a SJ*° $10.90 IS10 Vi Costa X U Costa Pries Second Floor $1.95 W. & J. Sloane I Heavy Felt-Base Rugs At Our Lowest Price 9x12 and 9x10.6 Sizes Slight seconds of the perfect nigs that sell in our stock St $7.98. These are the heaviest-weight rugs—In new carpet and tile designs of favorite colors. 9x9 Sixe W. ft J. Sloane Fek-Bate $0.98 Rags (slight seconds). Third Floor. Double Sale! 3000 Shirts Cellophane-Wrapped! Men’s $1.00 j SHIRTS I 59' Broadcloth shirt* of excel lent quality and workmanship In guaranteed fast colors. Collar attached. White, tan. blue and green. Tailored to | lit perfectly. Sixes 14 to 17. Street Fleer. Cellophane-Wrapped! Men’s U so & *2 SHIRTS •j Collar attached, separate collar to match and neckband shirt*—or plain and fancy broadcloth, rayon stripe fab rics and woven madras. White, plain colors, stripes and fit urea. Sites 14 to IT.