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up Rocky Lane—whose cob bled pavement and high stone walls still remind one of the streets to school. . M ph#l-t ^ ^ ^ Homewr-curk >iu<uo. Us Boyhood Days and Into the Homes Where o Manhood Is Traced Amidst Virginia Scenes in Sacred Memory to His Greatness. Goolrick It was at about this time—six months earlier, to be exact—that Betty Washlngon married Col. Fielding Lewis, a widower and owner of Kenmore, which at that time was called “Mill bank,” not being given the name of Kenmore until Col. Lewis, bankrupted by work for the Revolution for which he was never paid, was forced to sell the estate, and it passed on and into the hands of the Gordons, who named it for Kenmore In Scotland. Betty was not of the type that is called beautiful, but she was unusually vivacious, lacking her brother’s dig nity, and was tall and graceful. She bore a striking resemblance to George, resembling him so much that when he became a general it was a trick of hers to throw a military cape over her shoulder, place a cocked hat upon her head and come into Kenmore parlor posing as Washington, much to the amusement of her guests. She was only 17 when she married, and Col. Lewis was many years her elder, but they appear to have been very happy at their beautiful Kenmore estate. They were married in old St. George’s Church, and a great recep tion at Kenmore followed. Betty was the first of the flock to leave the Ferry Farm. Mrs. Washington had inherited, through her father, part of a tract known later as "Travelers Rest,” two miles below Ferry Farm, and containing 400 acres, so that there were now the upper and the lower plantations, both of which were under George's supervision, and which he mentions often in his diary. He was busy, as was his mother, with the farm, the ferry and the mill. DUT his work in the wilderness attracted at tention, and Lord Fairfax did all he could to aid the young man, who was sturdy, am bitious and fearless. The Colony needed men of his type, and before he was 21 he was offered a commission, which he accepted. Shortly after he reached 21, on February 30— there was a February 30 then—he appeared at Fredericksburg and, according to the court rec ords, produced a commission before the jus tices. The men before whom the almost un known youth took the oath of office were Richard Tutt, Benjamin Grymes, John Thorn ton and William Hunter, Gentlemen,” and the entry reads thus. ‘At a court held on the 30th day of Febru ary, 1753. appeared George Washington, Esq., and produced a commission under the hand and seal of the Honorable Robert Dinwiddie, His Majesty’s Lieutenant Governor of the Col only, dated the 13th day of December, 1752, to be Major of Militia, Horse and Foot, in the Counties of Princess Anne. Chesterfield, Amelia, Norfolk, Nansemond, Isle-of-Wight, Southampton, Surrey, Prince George and Cum berland, and took the oath appointed by law, and signed the Oath of Abjuration, and re peated and signed the test." Thus, before he was 21 years old, George Washington was given entire command of all of Virginia south of the James River, extend ing from Norfolk along the seacoast to the Carolina line, and westward to the Allegheny Mountains, or whenever in that indefinite and > unexplored direction the line"ended, Including the States of Kentucky, rifttfpdrt of Ohio and other territory. He was, in other words, at 31 military commander of a territory larger than the present State of Virginia, by far, and in which there was trouble with the French and Indians at many places. Shortly before he received thfa important command he was made a Mason in the lodge at Fredericksburg, which was then also the Grand Lodge of Virginia. The impression Washington’s office at* Fany Farm, Frtmtentitshirg, Via. which he bad made upon his fellow citixens I la clearly shown by the fact that he was under ' ■ 31 at the time, and that be took his degrees - on credit and paid for them later out of his K ■alary as major. He was initiated, raised and j§ passed on November 4, 1743, on the old lodge - IL building on the Market p)gag, taut the building which now houses the lodge has the records of his initiation, the Bible upon which he was ■worn, .much of the paraphernalia used when he was a member, and a faded lock of his near red hgir Washington was not at this time by any means impressive In appearance. He was 6 feet 3 Inches tall and weighed 165 pounds; tall, rawboned, muscular. His hair was almost red, his face pitted from smallpox, and he was far from being handsome, although later, when he was a Revolutionary general and weighed 210 pounds, he was a fine specimen of a soldier and a distinguished-appearing man. But at the time of which we write his hands were large and in his way, his feet were very large, he was awkward and ill at ease in public, and easily embarrassed. Later he learned even to be an excellent public speaker, which proves his will power, for In youth he could not say even a few words before an audience. When he came back from one of his expeditions into the West he stopped at Williamsburg and went In to hear a session of the Assembly. When the speaker took occasion to thank him pub licly for his work Washington arose to answer but only stood, vividly red of face, his hands behind him, trying to find words. The situa tion was relieved when the presiding officer said: “Sit down, Maj. Washington, your deeds speak for you better than words.” I INTO. George received his commission, all of the family except Betty lived at the Ferry Farm. George was next to leave after Betty. Samuel married and moved to Fredericksburg In about 1754, and aa ha la mid to have mar ried live times his life’s history k too compli cated to investigate. He lived where the pres ent Fredericksburg Hotel stands, for some yean. Charles moved to town In 1760, when he mar ried Mildred Thornton, and with George Weredon, who afterward became a major general in the Continental Army, operated the Rising Sun Tavern and lived in a quaint little house around the corner, which k still stand ing. John moved to the Travelers’ Best place and afterward was given it by bk mother. From the time he presented to the court his commission as commander of all of Southern Virginia. George was busy with military affairs in his district. He went on several missions for the Colony, and with Braddock to Pitts burgh, and his career began to be a crowded one. When he was 27 he married the widow, Martha Dandridge Custis, daughter of Col. John Dandridge of tile White House on the Pam unity River, and as he had become the possessor of Mcunt Vernon after the death of Lawrence. Washington’s widow, they traveled to that place on their honeymoon, stopping at the historic Pltzhugh Manor, Chatham, opposite Fredericksburg, for several days. It was from the manor of his father-in-law, Col. Dandridge, that he took the name for his residence when he became President, changing the name of the executive mansion from ‘‘The Palace" to ‘ The White House." . * For years after his marriage he made fre quent visits to his mother, who, from 1760 until 1774, lived alone on the Ferry Farm with her slaves and servants. He tells frequently of visits there and of looking over the plantation, which still belonged to him and remained In his possession until It was sold to Hugh Mercc. His actual life at the Ferry Farm ceased, ho' ever, In about 1753, when he first moved to Mount Vernon. It was because of her life at Ferry Fai. i that Mrs. Washington and George, who wt.a devoted to each ether, had frequent small mi*, understandings. He had married a wealth / woman, he owned Mount Vernon, and he w« s now himself wealthy. George insisted that his mother should live somewhere else, and in bette style, as did her other children, but she wr s an independent lady and she continued to live simply where she wis. She was a frequent visitor to Fredericks hurt, during the residence of the family and then or herself alone at Ferry Farm, over a period of 36 years, and her itinerary was always the samr She drove in a buggy, ferried aeraa,'and would ■top sometimes at Thomas Thom ton’s tavern She always went to Hugh Mercer’s apothecar * shop, where George, for yean, kept a desk tv use whefi be wag lathe town, and then si./ would go to the IQsing dun Tavern to see >: Charles or Samuel were about and to get he ; mail from George Weedon, master of the posn, and to talk to any ladles and gentlemen who might be about, for the place was a kind of social center. Here she always had her jug filled if It had run dry, and then she would dine with or visit Betty, at Kenmore, before going back to her duties at Ferry Farm. She was a handsome old lady, erect, self reliant and bntlnrasHlre. In the long struggle at the Ferry Farm, and the earlier residences, she had learned to economise, and she con tinued to live frugally. It was not'until age was beginning to tell an her, and the Revolution was almost certain, in 1774, that she moved into a small house in Fredericksburg, which George and Charles had built for her upon a part of Kenmore tract. From her back door to Kenmore a walkway was built, and along this she planted boxwood, some of which now stands close to her quaint little home, reaching almost as high as the roof. She worked in her flower garden daily, and on nice afternoons walked to Meditation Rocks, a ledge projecting over a small valley on the edge of Kenmore, where sne read ner Birne. The little house where Mrs. Washington live-? until her death in 1789 is a spot where one may summon a mental picture of the old lady and her surroundings. It is strongly built, with an outdoor kitchen with big pot-hooks In a wide fireplace, and is a smaller reproduction of the house on Ferry Farm. Her furniture was of her era and was simple. She served her visitors ginger cakes and wine, and, while the was dignified, she was entertaining and did not lack vivacity or humor, and all the towns people, and those nearby, were friends and admirers of hers. George visited her often, but he usually spent the nights at Kenmore or with Charles. On one of his last visits to his home town he took her over to see the Ferry Farm at her urging, and they looked at the farm and house and even the old mill an the run. and probably talked of bygone days. She admired George Immensely, and once said of him, "George was always a good boy.” In politics she was unalterably opposed to him. believing that rebellion was treason and cling ing with Tory tenacity to the King. After George became commander of the Continental Annies some one spoke of the great honor given him and her only reply was, "I am afraid the King will catch George and hang him yet.” ^ Washington and Rochambeau passed through fire town with their staffs on their way to Yorktown and called upon Mrs. Washington. After the surrender the First Peace ball was held at Fredericksburg in the did Assembly Han, and all of the prominent French and American officers and the ladies and gentle men of the nearby plantations and the town were present. This was on November 11, lfftl, strangely enough the same day and month as the World War armistice. General Washington brought all the officers in groups to see his mother and next day Lafayette came again to see her, with George. She served ginger cakes, wine and fruit and said to Lafayette: "It is hard to realize you are a great general. Why, you are nothing but a boy.” Lafayette spoke to her afterward with the deepest re spect. She went to the Peace Ball with the marquis as her escort, and enjoyed It greatly, but left at 10 o’clock saying It was time for her “to be abed.’’ She also attended the second Peace Ball at Fredericksburg in 1783, after the treaty with England was signed. Washington’s connection with all these places was very intimate, lb a speech which is spread upon the minutes of the City Council, he caned Fredericksburg “the home of my growing in fancy," infancy then meaning one under 21 years of age. He also wrote that he must stop playing cards with these young fellows at tna Rising Bun Tavern, ae they were too sharp for him and always won his money; and he must : have tlMbgtt- thorn capable, for be selected , flee tHhpfhrpaeralt In his army.