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Chairman of House Probe
Opposed to Risking • Self Aboard. By the Associated Press. Fear that the airship Akron might Slave been irreparably damaged when she struck the ground at Lakehurst yesterday was expieased today by Rep resentative McClintic, Democrat. Okla homa. McClintic. who was chairman of the ! House naval subcommittee investigat ing the airworthiness of the giaht ves sel, said. "I certainly won't make a flight in that airship." The Oklahoman and four other Rep resentatives were on the ground at Lakehurst waiting for the Akron to be prepared to take them aloft when the mishap occurred. "The Akron certainly was subjected to unusual strains.” McClintic said. Cites Shenandoah Mishap. “I remember that the nose of the Shenandoah was pulled off in a similar accident a short while before she crashed. Whether the same thing has happened to the Akron I don't know, but I certainly do not intend to take a ride in her.” McClintic said, however, that when the Akron's sister ship—the Macon—is completed, "I will recommend that the committee take a ride aboard her.” The Oklahoman expressed the opin ion that his subcommittee now “cannot write a report saying whether the Akron is or is not airworthy.” “The thought comes as to whether there shouldn't have been some alter nate safety device other than thfe 1 inch cable which snapped and caused the accident,’’ McClintic said. He praised Lieut. Comdr. Rosendanl, skipper of the Akron, for his actions lh the excitement. Praises RosAdahL “He kept his head and acted very wisely,” the Oklahoman said. “I don't mean to criticize the otheT officers, but if there had been half a dozen Rosen dahls there the accident might not have happened." t McCiintic once more objected to the Navy* decision to transfer Rosendahl from command of the Akron to doty at sea. A resolution to exempt Rosendahl from his routine turn of duty at sea was rejected by the House Naval Com mittee recently. McCiintic contended the accident showed the inadvisability of locating airship bases on the coast line. “The air currents are too treacher ous," he said. "There are too many squalls.” Representative Delaney, Democrat, New York, a member of the Naval Sub committee on Aeronautics, in a state ment praised Lieut. Comdr. Rosendahl for his coolness during the accident and added that “through his presence of mind stayed what might have been a serious accident.” "Too much credit cannot be given to the officers in charge for the splendid manner in which they handled the try ing situation,’’ Delaney said. ADAMS WILLING TO RIDE. Naval Secretary Believe* Akron's Repair* Will Make It Safe. Although declining to comment on Representative McCllntic's statement that the big naval airship U. 8. 8. Akron is "irreparably damaged,” Sec retary Adams said today that he "would like very much to ride in the Akron as soon as she is "repaired.'' The cabinet officer asserted "it is the intention of the department to carry out repairs as expeditiously as practi cable and then allow the Akron to pro ceed to the Pacific Coast Kid oarry <»ut such part of her originally contem plated schedule ss may be in order at that time.” .. Concerning the accident t-o the Akit>n. Rear Admiral William A. Moffett, chief of the Bureau of Aeronautics, Navy Department, said: "While it is too early to determine the details of the damage to the Akron, inspection so far made shows that the damage is not serious and thoroughly local and that the structural Integrity of the ship will not be impaired in any way Repairs can probably be made in about 30 davs. and the Akron be ready to take part in maneuvers with the fleet on the Pacific Coast. The accident to the Akron was similar to what frequent ly occurs in warping a vessel into a pier, when a line parts, allowing her stern to swing Into the dock, causing local damage to the vessel.” INSIST REPAIRS POSSIBLE. Rosendahl and Aide Believe Six Weeks Required for Work. LAKEHURST, N. J., February 23 (£>).—Lieut. Comdr. S. E. Rosendahl, skipper of the dirigible Akron, and the ship’s executive officer, Lieut. Comdr. Herbert V. Wiley, still hold to their original opinions that the damage suf fered by the Akron yesterday can be repaired in six weeks. They were reluctant to discuss the matter In view of Representative Mc Clintic’s statement. The Akron smash ed her lower vertical fin as she was being prepared for flight. “Comdr. Rosendahl.’’ said Comdr. Wiley, “made a preliminary inspection of the ship yesterday and issued a statement that it would require six weeks to make repairs. He hasn't changed that opinion. Dr, Karl Arnsteln, who designed the ship and supervised its construction at the plant of the Goodyear-Zeppelin Corporation in Akron. Ohio, is at the naval air station and probably will take charge of the repairs Rosendahl last night contradicted a dispatch saying a fin atop the Akron’s body scraped against the top of the doorway while the airship was being I hauled into a hangar on October 19, 1931. "I can tell you positively,” he said, ‘ that the ship did not touch the hangar —that it never has touched the hangar.” He added also that the covering of the airship had been torn at various times, but that such tears were due "to dropping of tools or similar mishaps and that the slight damage was repaired without more than a passing notice be ing given to it. He said the Akron’s scheduled trip to engage in fleet maneuvers on the Pa cific Coast probably are off since he doubted if repairs could be made in time to allow it to make the transcon tinental flight. He considered the most remarkable incident of the mishap the fact that there had been no serious injuries and added: It was fortunate that we were able to get the ship back to its hangar The wind was very nasty.” -4-— FLYING ACE MISSING, ' WIFE INFORMS POLICE By the Associated Press ■ST. LOUIS, February 23.—Mrs. Elsie O'Brine. wife of Forest O'Brine. holder of the unofficial endurance flight rec ord. called police to her hotel today and told them her husband had been kid naped by a women, who dragged him into an automobile when he met her by appointment in front, of the hotel. A city detective later quoted Mrs O'Brine as saying her husband had merely departed early today in an au tomobile with a woman The detective aaid Mrs. O Brine explained she "be came excited" and called police. “It was just a miataJte." Mrfr O'Brine •Bid She aaid she dots not know Bbere^’Bfine is. " Akron Damaged on Test Flight MISHAP LAID TO SUDDEN GUST OF WIN'D. A VIEW of the tom stern fabric and smashed vertical fin of the Navy's scout cruiser. Akron, after a mishap which occurred while the dirigible was being hauled out of her hangar at Lakehurst. N. J.. yesterday, pre paratory to a test flight with a congressional inspection committee. Lieut. Comdr. Rosendahl said the mishap was unavoidable and was caused by a sudden gust of wind. Two members of the ground crew were injured. A. P. Photo. JOHANNA GADSKI, Famous Singer Dies in Berlin of Injuries Suffered in Auto Crash. i Br tlie Associated Press. BERLIN. February 23.—Mme. Johanna Gadski. noted opera singer, who was seriously injured in an automobile acci dent here yesterday, died today. The automobile in which Mme. Gad ski was riding when she was injured was driven by Mrs. Geraldine Bang of New York. Others in the car were her husband. Capt. Hans Tauscher, and her daughter, Mrs. Charlotte Busch They also were injured, less seriously. Mme. Gadski was to have headed a German opera tour of the United States next Pall. ■ Sang Wagnerian Roles. She was 59 years old.- and was es pecially noted ior her work in Wag nerian operas, flhe was considered one of the most celebrated Bruenhildes of the early twentieth century. rier husband, Capt. Hans Tauscher, represented the Krupp interests in the United States before the World War. He. with their daughter. Mrs. Charlotte Busch, aurvive her. /• They, with Mrs. Geraldine Bangs, were reported out of danger at the hos pital today. Conflict with the world of music be cause of love of her native land, Ger many. during the World War, definitely altered the career of Mme. Gadski. She had the distinction of being a singer born abroad who achieved her fame and success in America. Coming to the United States in 1895 a com paratively unknown young singer, she rose steadily in prestige and popularity In the midst or her war activities her connection with the Metropolitan Opera House, New York, was terminated, and thereafter her appearances were con fined largely to concert work. Husband Army Captain. On New' Year eve. 1915. Mme Gadski eave a dinner at her home at which, it was reported, Otto Goritz, a German baritone, sang a parody making a ^st of the sinking of the Lusitania This was always denied by Mme Gadski. Her husband, a former captain in the German Army, was tried in New York in 1916 on a charge of conspiracy to blow up the Welland Canal. He was acquitted. Later he was among the Germans who left the United States with Count von Bernstorff when diplo matic relations between the United States and Germany were severed. After the w'ar he was permitted to return to the United States. When her contract with the Metro politan Opera Company expired in 1917, it was not renewed. In 1921 Mme. Gadski sang in concert at Carnegie Hall, New' York the program being entirely of Wagnerian music. It caused a storm of protest from the people and the press. Sue* Chicago Opera. The next year she was reported to have been engaged by the Chicago Opera Company and sued that organ ization for $500,000 for alleged slander She declared that the company had stated that because she was a German citizen and the wife of Hans Tauscher the public would not pay to hear her sing. Mme. Oadskl was born at An clam, Prussia. Germany. June 15, 1872. For 12 years she studied with Frau Schroe der Chaloupka of Stettin, her only teacher. Walter Damrosch heard her sing In the Royal Opera House. Berlin, In 1894 and Induced her to come to the United States, 8he made her American debut at the Metropolitan the next year as Elsa in •‘Lohengrin,” and eventually became a popular prlma donna of Wagnerian operas, most of which she learned after coming to America. Peace Temple Used By Gen. Uyeda for His Headquarters By the Associated Press. SHANGHAI, February 2S.— While stray bullets sputtered against Its walla and shells thun dered in the vicinity, a dilapi dated Chinese temple with the words “peace and safety” In scribed over its entrance became the military headquarters of Lieut. Gen. Kenkichi Uyeda, Jap anese commander, tonight. Japanese troops spent the day digging trenches and dugouts around the building. Two anti aircraft gun* were set up within 100 yards of it. Indicating that the Japanese feared the possibility of a Chinese air attack. Singer Killed MME. JOHANNA GADSKI. Scores Wilkerson Decisions to Show “Tyranny” • of Judges. By the Associated Press. Demanding a curb on the use of in junctions in labor disputes, Chairman Norris of the Senate Judiciary Commit tee told the Senate today they had re sulted In "economic slavery" for Ameri can workmen. The gray-haired Nebraskan, long a defender of organized labor, opened Senate debate on his bill to rigidly cur tail the injunctive powers of Federal Judges. Standing before his desk in the rear of the Senate chamber, Norris said the right of labor to organize had been Interfered with by means of the “harsh, cruel and misused injunctive process." Sees “Economic Slavery.” “Such conditions,” he said, “bring about Involuntary servitude—a species of economic slavery—which cannot per manently exist in a free country; and such economic slavery is as cruel, as merciless and as effective as slavery based upon the color of the human skin. "The man who, by force of economic conditions, is compelled to toil against his wish and under conditions depriv ing him of his freedom is a slave, even though his skin may be white. "The tyranny of some of these in junctions has taken away the freedom and the liberty of many of our citizens as completely and as tyrannically as ever occurred in days when slavery was recognized by the Constitution.” Norris specifically singled out for con demnation certain injunctions Issued by Judge James H. Wilkerson of Chicago, whom President Hoover has named to the Circuit Court “Can any one claim for a moment that is not a decree of human slavery?" he asked, after describing the terms of Wllkerson’s injunction against the Chi cago Federation of Musicians. He said it was "conscienceless." Wllkerson Needs Approval. Since Wilkerson’s name must be ap proved by his committee, It was con sidered significant that Norris added this decision made It necessary not only to pass legislation, but to "be careful in passing upon any nomination which the President may make ” The Norris bill would outlaw the “yel low dog” contracts, which the Senator said "take away from the laboring man the right to have anything to say about any cf the conditions connected with his employment. * • * He must for the time being, become a slave.” He characterized injunctions as “Judge-made law.” He said they “do away with all the fundamental principles of government and put in the hands or one man the right to make the law. the right to en force the law, the right to fix a penalty, the right to try those who, it is alleged, have offended the law thus made, and the right to inflict whatever punishment they believe should be administered.” FIRE DESTROYS HOME Special Dispatch to The Star. POHICK, Va., February 23.—A fire of unknown origin, originating In the second story, destroyed the home of William Suckett. In Lee district, en dangering the lives of three children, who were carried to safety by Raymond, South worth and Wash Zorevlah of Woodbridge. The children's parents wera not at home. Practically all of the furniture teas lost. -, Tha low la partly covered by insur&tra. JAPAN TO DOUBLE Decision Reached at Tokio in Order to Halt Reverses Against Chinese. (Continued From First Page.)_ two ships as well as from a machine gun placed in the rear of the plane he was chasing. The battle in the skies was brief. Japanese bullets penetrated the Boeing plane’s tanks and the ship nose-dived from a height of 8.000 feet, crashing to earth at a speed of 250 miles an hour Short /fas a Californian, about 26 years old. and a daring and spectacular flyer. The tragedy shocked the group of American aviators now in China, most of whom were not aware that the youth was fighting in the service of the Chinese government. (Copyright. 1932.' LEFT TACOMA YEAR AGO. Robert Short Was Former Airport Offi cial in Northwest City. SEATTLE, WASH., February 23 UP). —Robert Short, former Olympia and Tacoma. Wash., aviator, reported shot down and killed during a Japanese air raid on Soochow. left Tacoma about a year ago to become an air mail flyer out of Shanghai. Prior to leaving for China he was assistant manager of the Tacoma Air port. His mother and brother were last reported living in Tacoma. JAPAN TO DOUBLE FORCE. 25,000 Additional Combat Troop* to Be Sent to Shanghai Front. TOKIO, February 23 (/P).—'The Japa nese government decided tonight to double the strength of its army at Shanghai in the face of reports from there saying that the Chinese defend ers of ie city, during three days’ fight ing. had successfully stopped the power of Japan’s attack. The proposal to send additional troops to Shanghai was placed before the cabinet early today by Minister of War Gen. Sadao Araki following a con ference of military leaders which was called at Gen. Araki’s home shortly after the messages were received from Shanghai officials last night. The appeal for more troops was sent from Shanghai by Mamoru Shigemitsu. Japanese minister to China, and Vice Admiral Kichisaburo Nomura, com mander of the Japanese fleet. Lieut. Gen. Kcnkichi Uyeda, Japanese army commander there, was reported to have refused to join in the request. The Japanese army force now at Shanghai is estimated at 25,000 men so that, with the new reinforcements, if they are sent as authorized, the army would be increased to 50,000, about 10.000 more men than the Chi nese are reported to have on the Shanghai front. Gen. Araki. in announcing the deci sion, said he hoped the sending of re inforcements would not be “misunder stood.” The purpose, he said, was merely to complete the operations at Shanghai as soon as possible and pre vent further aggravation of what he considered a situation already grave. Admiral Nomura emphasized the grav-, ity of the situation in the messages sent here last night. The most disquieting feature of the situation on the battlefront at Shang hai appeared to be a report that divi sions of Gen. Chiang Kai-Shek’s Nan king army had joined the Cantonese 19th route army, which has been Shanghai’s defender. More Chinese Troops. The reports regarding Gen, Chlang's troops said that 1,000 Chinese soldiers crossed the Yangtze River from Pukow to Nanking, while about 3,000 more moved from Nanking to the railway station outside the city walls, presum ably on the way to Shanghai. All Clu nese troops at Chinkiang, belonging to Chlang's 88th Division, had gone to Shanghai, the reports said. Pinal returns from the general elec tion showed that the Seiyukai party of Premier Suyoshi Inukai—“the Old Gray Fox”—had won an overwhelming vic tory. The results as announced gave the Seiyukai party 304 seats in the Lower Legislative Assembly, while the Mlnseito party, which had a majority in the previous session, came out of the election with only 147 seats. The Prole tarians secured 5 seats and the other parties 10. Toklo Feels Alarm. The war office said Gen. Uyeda, com mander in chief at Shanghai, had not asked for reinforcements, living up to the Samurai code, which disdains the call for help. But the chief of staff and other high: officials here at Toklo were uneasy at | the mounting danger of the hardfought battle in the Shanghai area and urged that more troops be sent. Gen. Uyeda's slow progress against the Chinese 19th Army was disquieting enough in itself, these officials said, but much more alarming were reports reaching Tokio that units of Chiang Kai-Shek’s well-trained army were ar riving In the battle zone. CHINESE HOLD GROUND. Both Rides Sustain Ilea' y Losses as Japanese Drives Are Repulsed. (Copyright, 1832, by the Associated Press > SHANGHAI, February 23—Shang hai's Chinese defenders fought off a succession of slashing Japanese attacks today along the entire battle front from Cnapei to some distance beyond Kiangwan, meeting every drive w'ith bullets and bayonets. The fighting died down as darkness came on and after 12 daylight hours of severe fighting the battle lines of both forces were virtually unchanged. Both sides sustained probably the heaviest losses of the four days of furious fighting. The only success the Japanese were able to eke cut of th* bloody encounter was the destruction of the Chinese air drome at Hungjao with a heavy aerial bombardment. The airdrome Is five miles west of Shanghai. The Japanese dropped 25 heavy bombs upon it, de stroying all the hangars and the planes within them. The hangars were burned. Japanese naval authorities said their airplanes also destroyed the Chinese air base at Soochow on the Shanghal-Nan king Railway. Japanese Hurled Back. Wave after wave of Japanese was thrown against the Chinese line during the day only to be hurled back The fighting was hottest along the front northwest of Kiangwan, where the Japanese spent every ounce of strength in an attempt to complete a movement begun yesterday, which was Intended to surround the garrison defending the blasted ruins of the village. A decision on the mastery of Kiang wkn appeared to be tar off. however, and the strength of the Japanese attack began to subside after noon with noth ing gained or lost by the forenoon's efforts. As the fighting tapered off, Japanese Red Cross workers sought to bring out the wounded. The same probably was happening behind the Chinese lines It was also a bloody cay on the front between Chapel and Kiangwan. A bar rage of artillery fire from the Japanese lines prepared the way for the lunges of the infantry and airptanes showered high explosives on the embattled Chi nese. Smoke screens were used to cover the Japanese Infantry thrusts and to shield the soldiers from the vigilant eyes of the Chinese gunners. The Slashing machine-gun fire from the well concealed Chinese "nests" Japanese Troops Move Into Chapei JAPANESE SEEN ' SLAYING CIVILIANS Reign of Terror Found in Kiangwan, With Chinese Women Among Victims. BT MORRIS J. HARRIS. (Copyright. 1933, by thg Assoelgted Progs.1 SHANGHAI, February 23 —1 Malted the No-Man's Land north of the village of Kiangwan today, where most of the heavy fighting has taken place during the last two or three days, and found there the marks of a reign of terror. In the middle of the wa.r-tom area I saw an old Chinese woman sitting In on open field, weeping and wringing her hands, ignorant of all but the stark est externals of what was going on about her and entirely helpless to pro tect nerseir. Some distance to the light a Japanese soldier appeared, while I was looking, followed by several more, close behind. The leading soldier raised his rifle, aimed at the woman and fired. He missed. The woman continued to weap, her face burled in her hands The rifleman leisurely aimed again and fired. This time he scored with deadly accuracy. His bullet sent the helpless victim into eternity. His comrades pushed forward. Dead With Hands Tied. As I entered the area Japanese stretcher bearers were bringing out the Japanese casualties. A group passed every few minutes. Half of the forms on the stretchers apparently were dead. In the meantime other Japanees bands were laying waste any remaining prop erty within the area. Large numbers of Chinese dead could be seen before the burning ruins of what had been their homes. I saw 10 Chinese dead piled bea.de a cart path. Examination revealed that the hands of all of them were tied behind their backs. I passed the burning ruins of the home of a peasant. The fire had burned down almost to the ground. In front ol it were the bodies of an old man and woman, apparently Its former occupants. Farther on I passed another burning homestead. In front of it were scat tered five dead Chinese, including one woman. In Hands of Military. I returned to the vicinity of the Jap anese headquarters In time to see a group of soldiers bringing in a Chinese man dressed in civilian clothes. His stay there was brief. After being threatened with bayonets, swords and pistols he was led away with a Jap anese soldier waving a menacing bayonet behind him. Japanese consular officials denied to day the accuracy of a statement printed in the American-owned Evening Post Mercury under the signature of T. O. Thackery, managing editor, saying that he saw Japanese officers killing Chinese at the International Race Cluo. The consular officials said the race club area had been under fire for two days and it was not likely any Chinese civilians were in the vicinity yesterday. Japanese officers, before launching their attack, warned the civilians to depart, they said. They added they had no knowledge of executions. Such matters, they ex plained. were entirely In the hands of the military. Says Account Exaggerated. Charges by the Poat-Mercury brought from a high Japanese officer today the i assertion that they are "much ekagger l ated and in some portion* untrue. ’ The Japanese have been forced to take drastic measures to curb the ac tivities of plain clothes . snipers, said Maj. M. Hirata, speaking tor Gen. Uyeda, the commander in chief, and in some cases they hare found that women and children are helping the snipers. "We have read a translation of the newspaper article,” the major said, "and we greatly regret the incorrect Im pression it hss conveyed. Since taking command of the Shanghai situation Gen. Uyeda has instructed his men on several occasions to avoid irresponsible, inhuman acts. "The Japanese troops came to Shang hai thoroughly imbued with high moral purposes—in a fight for permanent peace. They are incapable of such acts as those described in thl* news paper article. Some Unfortunate Incidents. "Of course it has been impossible to avoid some unfortunate incidents. In som- cases the women themselves were caught shooting at us. This morning | in a ditch we found the bodies of two of our men who had been ambushed in the night and so horribly mutilated that they were not recognisable. Yesterday four of our Red Cross men were wounded when snipers fired from a house nearby. “Like your Chicago gangsters, Chi nese snipers aa paid so much a head and in order to wipe them out we hate had to bum down the buildings which harbor them. One reason for heavy casualties among civilians is that many suspected snipers run at the appearance of Japanese soldiers. With this in mind it is not difficult to understand why some civilians in plain clothes have been shot In the back.” Set Fire to House. While the major was talking with the Associated Press correspondent there was a burst of rifle fire outside the headquarters. A messenger re ported that snipers had opened fire from a house in the neighborhood. Soldiers set fire to the house and killed two Chinese they found inside. “You see?" said the major. “This is unfortunate, but we can’t confine our selves to fighting the 19th Army The sniping menace Is almost as serious. They swarm In our rear lines and fire on our men They are asaisted by women and children, who smuggle food and ammunition to them.” WHOLESALE KILLINGS REPORTED. VICTORIA, British Columbia. Febru ary 23 (4>>.—Stories of executions of Chinese by Japanese soldiers In the fighting around Shanghai were vouch safed for today by Charles Doyle, who • has been a flying instructor for the Chi nese Army, on his return from the Far East. The account of Doyle, who lives at Vancouver, was one of several descrip tions of the warfare given by passengers .who arrived here yesterday on the Em press of Asia. The feeling was expressed that sentiment was running high against the Japanese among occupants of the International Settlement at Shanghai. "Wherever there is any sniping,” Doyle said, "the Japanese arrest every one in the building from which the shots were fired and execute them instantly. 130 Killed at Once. "As many as 150 persons have been put to death at once time in this man ner. The Japanese just put revolver* behind their heads and shoot them." Oeorge Le Bouco. Shanghai banker, who was also on the liner, said every one in the International Settlement had been amazed by the stubborn re sistance put up by the Chinese. "It’s the first time the Chinese Army's strategy has not consisted of running away,” he said. He said that in the French section the hope was still held the League of Nations may intervene. Leon Britton, an independent mo tion picture producer of New York, described the fighting at Shanghai and Woosung as a “great show." "It’s going to be a long war and there will be some real scrapping be fore It ia settled," he forecast. This unusual picture shows Japanese troops in the narrow streets of the Chapei district of Shanghai, China, which thev occupied despite the terrlfflc fire from the Chinese defenders. The invaders are constantly on the alert for orders to "move up" and on guard against native snipers, who made the advance extremely hazardous. —A. P. Photo* Democrats in House Create Committee to Outline Expense Cuts. By the Associated Press Disregarding President Hoover's re quest for authority to reorganize the Government, the Democratic House to day created an Economy Committee to recommend ways of reducing Federal expenditures. Sponsored by the Democratic leaders, the Douglas resolution authorizing Speaker Garner to appoint s committee of seven to complete a reorganization study by April 15, was approved, 215 to 22. Adoption came after an hour of de bate, in which the Republicans charged It was a democratic gesture and would accomplish nothing. Quick Action Planned. Representative Douglas (Democrat), Arizona, asserted that definite recom mendations for economy would be ex pedited by the special committee. Representative Purnell, Republican, Indiana, told the House he would sup port the resolution "primarily because it is the only thing and the best thing presented.” Purnell said he would prefer the ap pointment of a Joint Committee of House and Senate members. Representative Snell of New York, the Republican leader, declared the study should be conducted by a Joint Senate House Committee. The New Yorker asked that President Hoover be granted the authority to reorganize the Gov ernment, as requested in his recent mes sage. Democratic chieftains marshalled their forces today for a battle on the proposal. Representative McDuffie of Alabama, the Democratic whip, sent notices to the 218 party members urging them to be firesent this afternoon when the Doug as resolution to authorize the commit tee is brought up for action. “It is highly important that every Democrat be on the floor and you are respectfully urged to be present," the notice said. which dotted the entire area succeeded in stopping the Japanese again as they have succeeded in similar attacks dur ing the last four days. Much of the fighting was hand to hand. The Japa nese were cut down by the Chinese bayonets as they attempted to rush the deienders’ trenches. A survey of the area northwest of Kiangwan revealed many bodies of Japanese dead which had not yet been picked up. Behind the Japanese lines on the northern sector was a scene of utter desolation. Every building had been burned to the ground and smoking embers, over which little knots of Japa nese soldiers attempted to cook food, dotted the countryside. The whole area was blasted terribly by airplane bombs and artillery shells. Numerous grave mounds had been blown open and large numbers of Chi nese and Japanese dead lay here and there. a Domo exploded at the entrance to 1 the post office at Szechuen road and Soochow Creek in the International Settlement this afternoon, injuring a foreign policeman and blowing in fronts of buildings across the street The blast was similar to that which wrecked the offices of the Japanese Mitsui Bus san Kaisha last week. It was a time bomb. Chinese artillery continued bombard ment of the Japanese naval vessels in the Whangpoo, and one of their shells narrowly missed the flagship Idzumo of Admiral Nomura. Japanese naval headquarters said the Chinese atm was improving and that the shells were fall ing closer every time. Officials said the ship would remain at her present mooring. spokesman for Admiral Nomura said several shells dropped in the river near the ship, but that the admiral re mained on board. Additional armor plate protection was being set up on the ship today to protect the sentry. The ship Is moored only a few blocks from the Bund, the water front off the International Settlement. It was learned this afternoon on ap parently reliable authority that Chinese anti-aircraft gunners in the vicinity of Chenju. northwest of the International Settlement, brought down two Japanese airplanes Monday. The Chinese claimed three Japanese aviators were killed in the second of the two planes and the planes destroyed. It was also learned that three Japanese pursuit planes shot down a Chinese plane in the vicinity of Soochow, 50 miles west of Shanghai, Monday. The Chinese plane was of American build, newly received and capable of 230 miles an hour. It was these events, the sources here said, which led to the bombing of the Hungjao Airdrome today. An Inspection of the bombed Chinese airfield showed the surface of the field tom up as if by an earth quake. with gaping holes 10 feet deep and 20 feet across about the hangar. SAYS U. S. AIDED JAPAN. By the Associated Press. General charges that American muni tion manufacturers and bankers had aided Japan against the Chinese were made today before the House Foreign Affairs Committee by Paul M. Ltne barger of Washington, who describes himself as legal adviser of the national government of China. He said $181,000,000 in munitions re cently had been sold to Japan with the aid of American bankers, and that he had been unable to obtain any sim ilar aid for China. - HIGH COURT UPHOLDS BAN ON TOBACCO ADS ON UTAH BILLBOARDS (Continued From First Page.) Utah courts claimed discrimination against one form of advertising in favor of another was plain. It also said that, alnce the billboard advertisements were shipped into Utah from the corporation’s place of business in Ohio, the Utah law was an illegal burden on Interstate commerce The statute also prohibited the ad vertising of tobacco in street cars and by placards. The Packer Corporation has its headquarters at Cleveland. Justice Brandeis, who delivered the opinion, said the State court was right in declaring there was a difference in billboard and similar types of adver tising and that in newspapers. He said the billboard advertising, street car signs and placards were wholly intrastate. "Advertisements of this sort are con stantly before the eyes of observers on the streets and in street cars to be seen without the exercise of choice or voli tion on their part.” he said. "Other forms of advertising are ordi narily seen as a matter of choice, on the part of the observer. The young people as well as the adults have those of the billboard trust upon them by all the arts and devices that skill can produce. In the case of newspapers and maga zines, there must be some seeking by one who is to see and read the adver tisement. The radio can be turned off, but not so the billboard or street car placards. "These distinctions clearly place this kind of advertisement in a position to be classified so that regulations or pro hibitions may be imposed upon all within the class. This is impossible with respect to newspapers and maga zines.” -m- . .. UNANIMOUS REPORT APPROVES CARDOZO Senate Committee's Action Clears Way Toward H’s Prompt Confirmation. By the Associated Press. A unanimously favorable report on the nomination of Judge Benjamin N. Cardozo to the Supreme Court was made today by the 8enate Judiciary Committee. This action cleared the way for prompt confirmation of the New York jurist named to succeed the venerable Oliver Wendell Holmes, who resigned recently. Committee approval followed similar unanimous action last week by a sub committee which had heard a protest by William H. Anderson, a former su perintendent of the New York State Anti-Saloon League. U. S. CONCERN GROWS AS JAPANESE FAIL IN SHANGHAI FIGHT f Continued From First Paye.) j of the settlement, which has heretofore been violated only theoretically by the Japanese making it their base of opera tion, might be more seriously violated by the fact that It may become the actual scene of combat between the warring armies. • The news from China indicates that the Japanese will be forced to make a serious efTort within the next few weeks. So far they have transported Into China only about 40,000 men; 23,000 men are In Shanghai and the rest are forming the garrisons of Man churia. For the time being, 25,000 more men are requued by the commander of the Japanese troops In Shanghai. This number Is estimated sufficient by for eign military observers for the Japanese to renew their offensive provided that the Chinese remain quiet pending the arrival of these reinforcements in Shanghai. Should the Chinese, how ever. take the initiative in the course of the next few days, the Japanese will be compelled to increase the number of troops in that war region. Face Manchurian Trouble. On the other hand, news from Man churia states that the proclamation of Manchuria's “independence” has not been received with much favor by the Chinese and uprisings are reported in various Manchurian districts. These rebellious moves will require a strength ening of the Japanese forces in that province. Thus within the next few weeks we may witness, according to re ports of neutral military observers, a considerable increase of the Japanese army In China. The spirit of resistance of the Chinese has been greatly enhanced by the val liant fight of their troops in Shanghai. Our political observers state that never have they witnessed such a pow erful nationalistic sentiment throughout China. It seems that petty quarrels between political factions are being temporarily forgotten and that the Chinese really mean to make a serious effort to defeat the Japanese. MURDER JURY SELECTED It took James M. Proctor in Criminal Division 1 only 15 minutes today to get a jury in a capital case. Twelve men were secured to try Robert Ford, col ored, 26, who is charged with first de Sree murder in connection with the eath of James Turner, also colored. The crime occurred November 15 last at 78 Q street. Ford will claim self defense. Assistant United States Attorney James R. Kirkland is conducting the prosecution, while Attorney John H. Wilson appears for the prisoner. JAMES A. REED CALLS ON GARNER Former Senator Denies They Discussed Presidential Politics. BY G. GOLLD LINCOLN. Former Senator James A. Reed of Missouri, who has expressed a desire to have the Missouri delegation support him for President in the Democratic national convention, spent a half hour talking with 8peaker Garner at the Speaker's office in the Capitol today. When Senator Reed left the Speak er’s office he said that his call had been purely social and that there had been no discussion of presidential politics be tween himself and the Speaker. The veteran Democratic leader from Missouri declined to discuss any of the candidates for the Democratic presi dential nomination or their chances. That went for Speaker Gamer as well as the rest. Expects Missouri Vote. "There’s no secret about my own position.” said Sehator Reed. ”1 have said that I would like to have the sup port of the Missouri delegation at the Democratic national convention. And,” he added. "I expect I’ll get It. "Somebody.” continued Mr. Reed, “representing America and American politics should be nominated for Pres ident this year. We should not nomi nate any one who would be inclined to embroil us in a conflict between the vellow races in the Far East. There is a great deal of fireworks expended over the celebration of the Bicentennial of George Washington, but we heard very little about George Washington’s foreign policies. “When our State Department calls on the League of Nations to jise all possible pressure against Japan it seems to me time to call a halt. That pressure would include the economic boycott. If they had taken us at our word we might have been permitted to go ahead with the League of Nations even to the ex tent of making war to put down an of fending nation, and once we had taken such a step we might have been called on to take action against the English or against Russia or France in connec tion with the rights claimed by those countries in China. No human being could prophesy what the end of such a cause might have been. Assails Boycott Proposal. “We should nominate for President somebody who would quit thinking about straightening out the troubles f all the rest of the world. “I saw in the newspapers the other day a proposal by some gentleman that the United 8tates join with the League of Nations to boycott Japan. Whether those gentlemen knew It or not, a boy cott amounts to an act of war and would be so regarded, and would un doubtedly involve us in war. All this is regardless of the effect on our trade and commerce of such a boycott.” Former Secretary of War Newton D. Baker of Ohio, who has been prominently mentioned as a presidential possibility on the Democratic side, was one of tnose signing a petition to President Hoover urging that the United States act with the League of Nations if a boycott were established against Japan. Senator Reed declined to discuss Mr. Baker, however, saying that he would not talk about individual candidates “The best thing to do,” Senator Reed said, “is to do what old George Wash ington did about foreign affairs." The former Missouri Senator during his long service in the Senate was a strong opponent of America's entry Into the League of Nations. He was also bitterly opposed to national prohibi tion. He said today in connection with the prohibition issue: “It is time that this country should be getting some revenue and at least part of the profits which go to the i bootleggers." Senator Reed said that he was here for several days on business connected 1 with his law office. I RUM QUIZ INDICTS 37 ON EASTERN SHORE By ths Associated Press. BALTIMORE. Md.. February 23 —In dictments naming 37 men in an al leged liquor smuggling conspiracy, car ried on under the guise of oyster and fishing business on Maryland’s Eastern Shore, were made public today by Dis trict Attorney Simon E. SobelofT. The indictments were given out by SobelofT at the same time Federal agents began a systematic round-up of those named in the bills, returned secretly last week by the Federal grand Jury here They followed an investigation begun in September, 1930. known by SobelofT. his office reported that others either have been voted, or will be in the near future, naming the men regarded as leaders of the plot to land liquor in the Chesapeake Bay and its tributaries from ships outside the 12-mlle limit. Fred H. Dalton and James D. Lee were the first taken into custody, ar rested, Sobeloas said, in Atlantic City. At the same time deputy marshals rounded up a number of those indicted in the vicinity of Salisbury. Md.. but they were not identified in reports re ceived by Federal officials here. Will Hear Garden Talk. ARLINGTON, Va., February 33 (Spe cial).—An illustrated lecture on the home and garden will be given by W. R. Beattie of the United States Depart ment of Agriculture at a meeting of the Arlington Citizens’ Association here tonight. The meeting will be held in the auditorium of the Patrick Henry School at 8 o'clock.