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Observers Find Both Parties Pulling Together in Effort to Pursue Own Courses. BY MARK SULLIVAN. The present eruption cf partisan heckling and badinage between Repub lican and Democratic members of Con gress, about credit for Government economy and for measures to promote recovery for business is wholly super ficial. The bickering between parties, and the newspaper emphasis upon it, is misleading. The fundamental fact is that be tween the two parties in Congress and between Republican President and Democratic Congress there is a com mon course of pursuit of economy and of measures to revive business. It con stitutes the most important present as- | pect of Washington. It is not a truce because it did not come about through formal agreement of leaders. It is not co-operation because it did not come about througn mutual understanding in advance. What has happened is that Demo cratic Speaker Garner of the House has taken the path of economy and of balancing the budget and through his extraordinary ability in leadership h»s carried his party on that course. The party has achieved* a solidarity not deemed possible at the beginning of the session. The solidarity has been used for the prompt furtherance of , measures of economy and of recovery from depression. Praise of Garner's speakership is practically universal in every quarter of both parties from high to low. Belies Prediction of Chaos. The actual condition has belied all the predictions, universal in December, that possession of the House by one party, with the administration in con trol of the other, would lead to cross purposes and chaos. The fact is this Congress has accomplished much more in a shorter time than is usual in a normal Congress with all branches of the Government controlled by one party. As between Republicans and Demo crats, the Democrats have gone, if any thing. further than the Republicans in economy. They have made reductions in practically every appropriation bill laid before them. They have gone rather farther than the Republicans in determination to balance the budget, to lay sufficient taxes and to spread them over a wide basis by including new sub jects of taxation. In enacting the recent measures Tor relief of depression the unity of the Democrats and their speed in action brought public tribute from Republic ans. A Republican who carries much weight. Representative Carroll L. Beedy of Maine, publicly expressed his “re spect for the attitude which the Demo cratic party has taken in its efforts to legislate for the well being of the coun try. I think that party has shown a degree of patriotism seldom exhibited except under exigencies of war.” Parties Pull Together. The true picture is that the donkey and the elephant have somehow man aged to back, buck and kick themselves into double harness and are pulling side by side in the same direction. They are not a pair, and they are grotesquely mrmated. They are not a team, and ea'-h repudiates as a slight upon its hvmr the idea that it would practice t-rmvork witn the other. Instinctively r-"'1 is reluctant and confused to find it-c'f going the same way as the other, rrvc-thelecs, with each pulling on his o—n account and in the same direction, e “.ordinary progress is accomplished. The bickerings at each other about credit for wnat is done is like the r~?.po ng that spirited horses often practice. The immediate occasion of last week's outbreak started with the Lincoln day dinners all over the coun try-, at which Republican orators lived up to the tradition of calling attention to their party's virtues. Democrats were irritated by feeling the Republican orators claimed more credit for Tecent achievements than is their due. In April will come Thomas Jefferson's birthday and a series of Jefferson din ners. at which undoubtedly Democratic orators will do the “pointing with pride,'^and that will be followed by Re publican repining. What all the bick ering actually represents, if seen truly, is competition as to which is pulling hardest on the load. This is shown clearly by the particular subject of the present acute recrimination. Democrats claim that reorganization of Govern ment departments is their idea and in sist that when done it shall be their accomplishment. Republicans make the same claim for President Hoover. It is the Identity of purpose that is the im portant thing. It is unusual and so conspicuous as to be a phenomenon. FOUR ARE ARRESTED IN STORE ROBBERY Three of Suspects Give D. C. Ad dresses. While Fourth Is From Capitol Heights. Special Dispatch to The Star. CAPITOL HEIGHTS, Md., February 23.—Four men were arrested yesterday by Constable Earle Blackwell on charges of Investigation in connection with the robbery of the store of Samuel Lagana here. Sunday night. Groceries, cigars and tobacco were stolen. Those arrested described themselves as Waverly Roberts. William Ball and James Murphy, all of the 200 block of Fifty-eighth street, Washington, and Arthur McCormick of *Capitol Heights. They are being held at Marlboro. DEMOCRAT CLUB TO HEAR LEGISLATURE MEMBERS Nineteenth District Group to Meet in Fire House Thurs day Night. By a Stan Correspondent of The Star RIVERDALE, Md„ Ffbruary 23.— Three members of the Legislature will address a mepting of the Democratic Club of the Nineteenth district'in the fire house here Thursday n’ght. The speakers will be State Senator Lansdale G. Sasseer. Delegate Charles C. Mar bury and Delegate Kent R. Mullikin. OPPOSE BYRD PLAN Annandale League Names Repre sentative at Hearings. Special Dispatch to The Star ANNANDALE. Va , February 23 — The Annandale School and Community League went on record as opposed to the provisions of the Byrd road bill. Willie Sipes, chairman of the league's Education Committee, was appointed to attend the public hearing on the budget March 1. The league is also seeking information at this public hearing as to the school board's plans for develop ment of the county high school system. Some patrons spoke in opposition to the expenditure of any more money at Lee Jackson, feeling that the location of this school adjoining a railroad track was a mistake. They urged centrali sation of the county’s schools. Australia’s radio craze continues to thread. Unemployment Insurance Labor Leader Opposed ,to Compulsory, but Favors Co-Operative Action Between Organized < ' Workers and Industries. I I Should some form of unemployment insurance be devised to meet the problems of serious periods of depression? If so. should it be voluntary or compulsory? This widely discussed question is considered In a series of six articles by authorities who have studied it ca-efully. The series presents the viewpoint of employer, employe, ir.dustiial expert, economist, legislator and insurance expert. The second article follows. BV MATTHEW WOLL. Vice President. American Federation^)! Labor. As Told to J V. Fit* Gerald In consideration of unemployment insurance, the public, as so often happens in many-sided and involved matters, is likely to gain a confused and superficial Impression. For intelligent understanding we should! know what unemployment insurance and the dole are. for many dismiss unemployment insurance by labeling it dole. The genesis of unemployment insurance was ex tension to unskilled and unorganized workers of the privileges provided by trade unions through out-of-work^ benefits. Such benefits have beer} a practice of many of our trade unions for half a century. In -short, unemployment insurance pro vides for setting up a fund in good times to provide relief for those out of work in bad time'. Unemployment insurance is divided into com pulsory and voluntary forms. The first may be paid through a national scheme or through local or municipal government. It may be paid either on a contributory basis or by assessment on the entire industry. The essence of the compulsory scheme is that every employer must insure his workers against unemployment as one of the hazards of industry, and that State or munici pality. through direct, contributions, becomes a party to the whole administration of the plan. Voluntary unemployment' insurance may take the form of out-ef-wcrk benefits p-'id by a trade union to its members, bv which method American Federation of Labor groups last year paid approxi mately S12.000.000. with payment of all types of approximating S40.000/D00 Matthew Woll. benefits to the membership There is a so a joint scheme of unemployment insurance set up pv em ployers and employes, with both contributing to the fund. Such plan was adopted years ago by clothing industry management and the unions. It is in effect in Chicago. New York and Rochester, N. Y. Benefits are paid from the central fund for a limited number of weeks. Webster’s Dictionary defines “dole” as a "distribution; especially of gifts to charity/' and in our day it certainly has come to signify charity. It is con tended. and rightly I think, that if you build the dependence of people on doles and charity you undermine the very ability of some tp^help themselves. Against Compulsion. It is because of 3 fear compulsory unemployment Insurance in the United States might eventually take cn the features of the dole; as in Europe, that there is valid objection to it by labor. Voluntary unemployment insurance is another matter. Labor sees in it. if workers' interests , are properly safe guarded, a means to lessen distress tn a measure. Labor opposed compulsory unemploy ment insurance because.it believes in dustrial operations should be so otdrred and budgeted that every person willing and anxious to work can find opportun ity, and also because such insurance en ables the wage earner who goes from community to community seeking work to carry industrial passports which might permit unfair employers to dis criminate against an individual. Labor likewise has misgivings as to the problems of administration in any national scheme of unemployment in surance We have seen no proposal that sets up a working .plan without adding enormously to ohr bureaucracy. We have not unbounded confidence in the capacity of our people to maintain such an enterprise without its falling into the hands of those who would cor rupt it. Until the conscience of the citizen is more keenly alive to this problem, we feel it would be a matter of doubtful wisdom to intrust the ad ministration of so great a fund to poli tical manipulation. Any great national system cn com pulsory unemployment Insurance would provide temptation to political machines to utilize men's jobs for political ends. We oppose another instrumentality for public patronage to be utilized by politi cal party or party machines. I wish to emphasize that a great sys tem of compulsory unemployment in surance. at its best a form of organ ized relief, might tend to remove from leaders ot industry tneir proper respon ' sibUity for stabilizing industrial life. Employers, like working men, might be i tempted to take the line of least re sistance if»they could turn to the State for that they should undertake. Cites European Examples. We have studied the unemployment j acts in Europe. While we cannot hope ; to introduce a European system here and expect it to succeed, there are trends of the European system we can not overlook One is that the unemployment insur ance act, which began as the British act based on sound principles for a group of responsibly unemployed, pres ently, under abnormal conditions of de pression, became a system financed from the national treasury. While it is rela tively easy in democratic communities to increase contributions from the pub lic treasury, it is extraordinarily difficult if not impossible to cut them down. Take voluntarv unemployment insur- ! ance. £.abor believes it sound business practice and part of the responsibility | of management to set 'aside reserves in good times to provide against bad times. W$_feel this principle should prevail in industrial activity and embrace employ ment fluctuations. WS* believe this should come through co-operative action and understanding between organized workers and associ ate^ industries, and through a volun tary scheme. It should come about be cause business leaders realize the in herent soundness of the plan and know its costs are borne by the ultimate con sumer. Already notable experiments have been made In this field, both by indi vidual plants on their own initiative, and in certain cases jointly with repre sentatives of the trade unions. Neither employers nor workers can solve the job alone. The will of the people must make itself felt in behalf i of these plans, which, while preserving i the essential integrity of American in- | dustrial experience, bring to bear on ' the problem of unemployment—of dis- I tribution—the same skill and engineer ing ingenuity brought to the problem of production. (Copyright. 1932. by the North American | Newspaper Alliance. Inc.) HARRISONVILLE MAN IS HELD IN RUBBERY Slugging of Proprietor of Tourist Camp on Mt. Airy Highway Is Charged. Special Dispatch t & e Star. MOUNT AIRY, Md., February 23.— Leroy Walter Townsend of Harrison ville, near Mount Airy, was taken into custody last night by Carroll County authorities and Identified as one of two men who slugged and robbed Zoland Zile, proprietor of the tourist camp along the Westminster and Mount Airy highway, Sunday night. Posing as a secret service agent, Townsend, according to Zile, approached him Sunday night about 10:30 o'clock and stated he was ei) route to Phila delphia and asked to be shown to a cabin. Upon leaving the cabin Zile was met by a second man. who pressed a gun to his body and commanded him to “stick ’em up.” Zile stated he thought it was a joke and did not com ply with the man's request, whereupon he alleges Townsend struck him over the head, knocking him unconscious. According to Zile, his pockets were rifled of $63. Besides the man who commanded Zile to “stick ’em up,” Townsend is also alleged to have been accompanied by a woman. At present Townsend is being held in the Carroll County Jail on a number of charges, including robbery, impersonating an officer and operating a car without lights. WIT. RAINIER IS SCENE OF “OLD-TIME” REVIVAL Pat Withrow Is Conducting Two \ * Services Daily at Methodist , Church. - By a Staff Correspondent of The Star. MOUNT RAINIER. Mil.. February 23. —An •'old-time” union revival service is being conducted this week in the Methodist Episcopal Church here by P&t Withrow of Charlestown. W. Va. Serv ices are being held daily at 10:30 a.m. and 7:30 p.m. Mr. Sanville, manager of the Homer Rodehaver Musical Mission, has "an nounced he will attend the services to night or tomorrow night. The revival was preceded by two weeks of cottage prayer meetings in Mount Rainier, 14 meetings being held each night. Mr. Withrow conducts what is said to be one of the largest union missions in the United States at Charlestown. His motto there is "Soap, Soup and Sal vation," and he claims to have placed many men now prominent on the "mourners’ bench.” /_ *■ LIGHTING IS DISCUSSED ————_ \ Edmonstoh Instructs Clerk to Learn All-Night Cost. Special Dispatch to The Star. EDMONSTON. Md.. February 23 Advisability of all-night street lighting here was discussed at the meeting of the mayor and Town Council Saturday night in the school and the clerk tgas asked to ascertain the cost. Lights here now are extinguished at 2 a.m. Town Marshal Harry Bost advised that, due to the increased traffic' over Wells avenue, the town'sjnain thorough- j fare, additional stop signs were needed I at the interesectiona of several streets with Wells avenue. fr. RESIDENT OF TREVILAH VICTIM OF PNEUMONIA Samuel Linthicum, 49, Dies at Montgomery Hospital in Sandy Spring. Special Dispatch to The Star. ROCKVILLE, Md„ February 23.— Pneumonia, of which he had been ill two weeks, caused the death in the Montgomery County General Hospital, Sandy Spring, Sunday, of Samuel Lin thicum, 49, a well known resident of the Travilah neighborhood. He is survived by his widow, Mrs. Agnes J. Linthicum. formerly a Miss West, of this county, and two daughters. He was a son of George F. Linthicum, a merchant at Gaithersburg and a brother of George W. Linthicum of Darnestown, Smith Linthicum of Wash ington and Grover Linthicum of Ger mantown. and a half-brother of Alberta and Mabel Linthicum of Germantown. 1 Remaining Stock of Jointer Overcoats Formerly $35 $1975 Formerly $50 $2975 V , - Single and double breasted models in smartly styled, long-wearing woolens. ... Alterations at Cost Sidney West, inc. 14th & G Sts. ____ EUGENE C. GOTT-/V« j,*„f Schafer Sess Same Farces That Made 1924 Convention ‘•Mad House” at Work. By the Associated Press. Intensive activity among Democrat1; yesterday brought new devlopments in the race far the party presidential nomi nation, but no decisive gain for any one The Gamer boom, spreading noisily from Washington to Texas with way points stops, broke into the Roosevelt pre-emptcd territory of Georgia through the "proxy" filing of Judge G. H. How ard. who announced, if victorious, he would deliver the State's convention votes for the Speaker of the Hous’ The home State of Texas meanwhile launched concerted action for “Jack." which found its echo in cheers in the House of Representatives here. Stick ing to his rule, Garner had nothing to say. Roosevelt Makes Gains. The Roosevelt forces marched forward with organization of a State-wide cam paign program in Pennsylvania; with favorable expressions toward him in Oklahoma as second choice after Gov Murray, and with declarations by sup porters in Georgia that the State'would b: for him solidly. Alfred E. Smith's friends in Massa chusetts were seeking confirmation of reports the New Yorker would con cent to have his name go on the ballot. ' funding ready to push a big drive for him. Out in Kansas seme of the Demo cratic leaders meeting for the State convention yesterday expressed them selves in favor of an uninstructed dele gation. and spoke of both Roosevelt and Gamer as possibilities. Republicans Mark Time. Meanwhile the Republicans marked time. President Hoover has let the Illinois primary go by, refusing for a second 'time to enter into contest with Joseph I. France of Maryland, who is the only candidate entered in that State. Hoover likewise stayed out of the North Dakota preferential primary. A statement by Representative Blan ton in the Hcuse of the Gamer rally in Texas brought an assertion from Rep resentative Schafer, Republican. Wis consin. that "the same forces are at work in the Democratic party now that turned the Madison Square convention of 1924 Into a mad house.” TRASH DISPOSAL PLANT IS FOUGHT Colmar Manor Mayor and Solicitor Oppose McAdoo Avenue Site. By a StafT Correspondent of The Star. COLMAR MANOR. Md.. February 23. —An effort to prevent the establish ment of a trash disposal plant near the houses which face the swamp below the foot of McAdoo avenue here has been inaugurated by Mayor Burt M. Brom ley and Town Solicitor Bird H. Dolby. The Trash Disposal Committee of the County Community Council selected the swamp, which covers considerable ground, as one of the seven suitable sites for dumps in the metropolitan area. Its recommendation, however, spe cifically stated that "if a roadway is built so as to locate the dump a con siderable distance from dwellings no objection should be aroused.” Oliver Metzerott, chairman of the committee which drafted the report, stated it was felt a roadway of cinders or ashes could be constructed with un employed labor. The towrf authorities expect to insist such a road be built of the dump is to be established in the swamp. Mr. Metzerott also stated that since the report was submitted last week there has been considerable dumping on attractive property in Chillum district and called attention to a paragraph of the report which declared there should be no difficulty in obtaining convictions if the county police authorities could be induced to enforce the present law prohibiting unauthorized dumping of trash. Brings in Big Well. WINCHESTER, Va., February 23 i Special) .—Drilling over 300 feet through the hardest limestone ever encountered in Frederick County, a contractor has brought in a well on the apple orchard farm of William Beverley. It flows 5,000 gallons per hour. The farm is situated in a section west of here that was severely affected by the 1930-31 drought. ] Tests were said to show the supply vir- , tually inexhaustible. League to Fight Prejudice Against Old Age in Jobs By the Associated Press. MIAMI. Fla., February 23.— The Gray-haired League of Amer ica. formed to combat prejudice against old age in employment, will seek a charter in Circuit Court here The league is sponsored by a Miami civic organization. Among purposes of the league, as published by members, are: To eradicate discrimination in indus try against persons above middle age. to seek national legislation for benefit of members beyond middle age, to educate members in the value of keeping physically fit. and to bring about “particu larly among the youth cl the country" a higher degree of re spect for old age. STAUNTON C. OF C. SEEKS PLACE ON AIRMAIL ROUTE Service for Shenandoah Section Is j Urged in Request to Repre* sentative Tucker. Special Dispatch to The Star. STAUNTON, Va„ February 23.—In formation having been received here that the Post Office Department is con templating establishing a mail air route to Chattanooga. Tenn., the Chamber of Comnv’rce has asked Representative Henry St. George Tucker to use his in fluence to have the line routed so as to serve the Shenandoah section by ; way of Winchester. Harrisonburg. Staunton. Lexington and Roanoke. First indications were that the .sched ule would take the planes south by way ' cf Charlottesville. The Shenandoah section of the State has no air service. GEORGIA-FLORIDA TO BIND DELEGAIES Democrats of Both States to Express Preferences at the Polls. By the Associated Press. ATLANTA, February 23 —Democrats in 2 of 11 Southern States will express their preferences at the polls for the presidential nominee. Such prefer ences are binding upon delegates. Gov. Roosevelt of New York and Speaker Garner of the House of Repre sentatives will have a test in the Geor gia Democratic preference primary March 23. Roosevelt's name will be on the ballot with that of County Judge G. H. Howard of Atlanta. In entering. Howard announced that if he should win, the State's votes at the National Convention would be cast for Garner. Under the Georgia system a presi dential candidate who receives the highest number of preference votes in any county names that county's dele gates to the State convention, which elects the delegates to the National Convention. A last-minute effort by Gov. Murray of Oklahoma to enter the list was un successful. due to lateness in filing. The Oklahoman indicated last night he would ask his "lawyer friends" in Georgia to challenge for the right to have his name on the ballot. Florida Vote Binding. By ruling or the Democratic State Committee the choice of Florida voters, as expressed in a Preference Commit tee, will be binding on the delegates to the National Convention until it ap pars to two-thirds of the delegation that such support will be futile. The primary will elect the delegates. The Virginia Democratic State Com mittee has indorsed Gov. Byrd for President. Louisiana already has chosen its dele gates to the Democratic National Con vention. The State Committee elected them. They are uninstructed The South Carolina Republican State Executive Committee already has pledged to Hoover delegates yet to be chosen. Tile Republican State Committee of Kentucky has indorsed Hoover. Some States have both State and dis trict conventions to elect national dele gat ?s. Dates for various primaries and con ventions so far as fixed follow: March 1—Arkansas Democratic State Convention chooses national delegates. March 2—White and Negro Republi can factions in Louisiana hold separate State conventions to elect rival national delegations. March 23—Georgia Democratic pref erence primary. April 6—Georgia Democratic State Convention elects delegates to national convention. April 12—State Republican convention in Florida elects national delegates. April 14—North Carolina Republican Convention elects national delegates. April 26—Arkansas Republican State Convention elects national delegates at large. District conventions at various dates will elect district delegates. April 27—Kentucky Republican Con vention chooses national delegates. May 3—Alabama Democratic primary elects national delegates. Alabama dis trict Republican conventions. Missis sippi White Republicans in convention elect national delegates. May 10—Tennessee State Republican Convention chooses national delegates. May 18—Alabama State Republican Convention chooses national delegatee at large South Carolina State Demo cratic Convention chooses all national delegates. June 7—Florida Democratic prefer ence primary chooses national delegates. Second Alabama Democratic primary, if neressary, due to failure of some can didates to obtain majority. June 9—Virginia State Democratic Convention elects national delegates. MAPS WILL SHOW WASHINGTON’S VISITS 3.500 Will Inform Maryland School Pupils cf Travels in State. Spec!.i! Dispatch to T-e Star. BALTIMORE. February 23.—Thirty five hundred colored maps showing the travels and rlsits of George Washington in Maryland will be placed in the pub lic schools throughout the State According to J. Alexis Shriver of the Maryland Commission lor the Celebra tion of Washington's Birth, Washing ton visited more towns and places in Maryland than any State other than his native Virginia. Ten thousand maps have been litho graphed Mr. Shriver, recognized as an au thority on Washington's travels In the State, said that every precaution was taken to assure historical correctness. Dr Albert S. Cook. State superin tendent of education, said one of the maps would be placed m every public school in the State. Twenty-five hun dred will be required ror the county schools and 1,000 maps will be used in the schools of the city Washington, between the years 1748 and 1798. visited 90 known places in the State and made 127 trips to Maryland. National Fellowship CLUB bANCES 8 to 1 P.M. BICENTENNIAL BALL Thursday Nlrht. Feb. Regular Dances Tuesdays. Thursdays. Saturday*;. Sundays Nighthavkn Bard ARCADIA litli A Park Rd. MOTHERS HAVE DEPENDED UPON THE WORLD'S MODEL DAIRY * \mnti-1 -nA "\he\r ■J'JV'substant.o''» SEr^Sr x£* ReceA r Heatth Dept Che^inut Farr^e DairV • ■ • j Supenor V ■ ^ iL ■" M"“ n airy ,4 far«*s ®* .-« Clicst®” .»**••*'' . v » s * A ® ‘ '