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HOOVER AIDS MOVE
FOR SIX-HOUR DAY
Union Leaders Hail Signing
of Resolution Ordering
The movement for the 8-hour work
day for which the railroad brotherhoods
have long contended today had been
advanced a notch.
A resolution calling upon the Inter
state Commerce Commission to investi
gate the feasibility of establishing six
hours as the basic work day was signed
by President Hoover yesterday. By its
terms, the report must be made to Con
gress by December 15. Eight hours now
is the basic day.
Ail Classes Included.
The commission report is to include
estimates of the cost of establishing the
"short day” for "all classes and each
particular class” of workers. The com
mission is also directed to determine
what effect the shorter day would have
on operations and service.
Word that the President had signed
the resolution was received with satis
faction in labor circles, where the
shorter day is visioned as the spearhead
of the attack on unemployment caused
by substitution of machinery for man
Timothy Shea, assistant to the presi
dent of the Railway Labor Executives’
Association, now presiding at the meet
ing here of that organization which in
cludes all rail unions, declared that 35
per cent of the unemployment in all
industry—railroads and other lines—is
due to mechanical improvements, and
that the workers must have some relief.
Seen as Offset to Mergers.
Shea said that the shorter day also
would be instrumental in "taking up
some of the slack” in unemployment
that the labor leaders foresee as a re
sult of projected railroad consolidations.
TAX OFFICE FLOODED
NSW YORK, March 18 (IP —Gov
ernment clerks had cramps In their
hands from opening envelopes today.
Of the 700,000 Income taxpayers here,
500,000 waited until the last minute
to file their returns.
Swamped officials said It would be
several days before the total payments
received can be computed. On the
basis of receipts counted up to yester
day, however, they believed the amount
would be 20 per cent under last year.
Along Washington’s Path
Fort Necessity Scene of "Buckskin” GeneraVs First
Battle and His Last Surrender—Permitted
to March His Men Home.
BY JAMES MORGAN.
PORT NECESSITY, Pa., March 16
(N. A. N. A.).—The lone man who es
caped from Washington's first attack
upon the French carried back to Fort
Duquesne a tale that set Gallic blood
boiling, and an expedition hastened
forth to punish this latest treachery of
The “Buckskin General,” as the offi
cers of Louis XV scornfully called the
21-year-old Virginian, was 30 miles
west of here when he learned of this
advance against him, and he started
for home. He had been sent to pull
the chestnuts of the Ohio Company out
of the fire and he had been left to do
it with bare hands. After appealing in
vain for promised reinforcements and
equipment, there remained no recourse
With nearly a third of his men sick,
mostly from lack of food, the rest could
not even crawl to safety on empty
stomachs. Instead they crawled into
this hole here, where the name of Fort
Necessity was eloquent of their exhaus
tion and despair when they sank down
within its frail protection.
Laughed at by Indian.
In his youthful innocence of warfare
Washington had reported that this was
"a charming field for encounter." An
Indian chief, more wise, laughed at him
for thinking that the enemy would at
tack him from the open, treeless plain
in front of the fort. Back of it there
were—and still are—trees aplenty on
the hill that commanded the fortifica
tion. Naturally the French and Indians
chose that vantage point.
Standing up, Washington's men pre
sented easy targets, and he ordered
them to lie down, where they wallowed
in the mud of a Summer torrent. Per
haps few of them could have stood if
they had tried after the excess of rum
over more solid rations had been poured
into their empty stomachs. Still they
somehow held out under an 8-hour
attack upon their pig sty. When they
received in the evening the terms of
their inevitable surrender, Washington
was surprised to find that he was to be
permitted to march them out with the
honors of war and return home with
them on parole.
Generous as the terms were, they
contained a word that continued for
many years to taunt the young com
mander of Fort Necessity. Drawn up
by none other than a brother of Jumon
I ville, whom the Virginians had shot
| down only a few weeks before, the
capitulation declared that the French
did not intend to disturb the peace be
tween France and England, “but only
to revenge the assaslnation committed
on one of our officers, bearer of a sum
In the light of a candle that sput
tered in the wind, the conditions were
translated from a rain-splotched piece
of paper by a Hollander, whose French
was even poorer than his English. He
interpreted the ugly term into “killed,”
and Washington unsuspectingly signed
his name to a confession that he was
an assassin. He was yet all unaware
of this second and crowning blunder of
inexperience in his ill-starred campaign
when he turned a sorrowful face home
ward at the head of a doleful proces
sion, with the Indians greedily pounc
ing on his slender stores. It Is a dra
matic irony that such a humiliation
should have befallen him on a July
day in 1754. which in good time would
be made the glorious fourth with the
aid of his sword—and the sword of
Prance also! _
Meanwhile the destined comrade of
Lafayette and Rochambeau was first to
be heard of In France as the cowardly
assassin of an embassy. The Virginians
rallied to him and stood by their own.
England muttered an apology—and sent
Braddock over to hoist her lowered nag
above Port Duquesne.
After a few years Washington pur
chased this field where he received his
first spanking in the school of warfare,
and he held It until his death. Lately
Pennsylvania has purchased It, and
Congress has made an appropriation
for a monument. The Fort Necessity
Memorial Association also is raising
money for rebuilding the fort, for set
ting up a museum in an old brick
house by the side of the national high
way and for making a park of the
only place the Father of Our Country
ever got Into that he couldn’t get out
of, though he was to have many a tight
(Copyright. 1932. by the North American
Newspaper Alliance. Inc.)
Sod House Planned.
HUTCHINSON, Kans. UP).—A sod
house, similar to those common in this
section years ago, will be built in
downtown Hutchinson as part of the
celebration of the city’s sixtieth anni
There are far more color-blind men
No food odors are
frozen into this ice
The amazing purity of American Ice is the result of the
hygienic way it is made—in modern, scientific plants—from
four times filtered water. Make this dramatic contrast—com
pare the crystal-clear, crystal-hard ice that American makes
with the spongy, cloudy cubes, frozen in an air-tight atmos
phere of meat and vegetable odors, in home-unit types of
freezers. And remember — when you take American Ice —
there’s always enough!
American cosl and American fuel oil bring you extra heat
value—yet you pay no more than for the ordinary kind. Call
Dirtrict 4270, or order from any American ICE delivery man,
Rich WITH FLAVOR.. because
its rushed to your grocer fresh
from the roasting ovens
At LAST—the coffee you’ve dreamed of!
A coffee that’s superbly blended to begin
with—and reaches you absolutely fresh, at
the very peak of its flavor.
You can’t do better in a coffee than this.
For 66 years, Chase & Sanborn have been
perfecting their blend of coffee, selecting it from
the choicest coffee beans in the world.
But no matter how fine a coffee is—it must
be fresh. Only while fresh does coffee keep its
For COFFEE IS PERISHABLE. The
delicate oils that carry the flavor and aroma turn
rancid if coffee is allowed to get stale. Rancid
oil in stale coffee spoils the flavor—and even
causes sleeplessness, headaches, indigestion.
So to guarantee you freshness—to make sure
that you get this superb coffee at the very peak
of its flavor—Chase & Sanborn now deliver their
coffee like a fresh food. 3500 swift trucks rush it
straight from the roasting ovens to the grocers
So that you may get It always fresh, Chase & Sanborn’s
is rushed to your grocer by swift “fresh-food” delivery.
—the same trucks that deliver Fleischmann’s
Yeast fresh regularly
Every can is marked withfthe delivery~date.
You can’t buy a can of this dated coffee which has
been on your grocer’s shelf more than ten days.
Get a can of Chase & Sanborn’s DATED Coffee
today. See what a difference freshness makes.
ENJOY THE MATCHLESS FLAVOR of coffee
that’s superb to begin with—and comes to you
actually fresh from the roasting ovens.
SHOWS CRISIS RESULT
Turnover Decline* 60,000,000,000
Marks—Net Profit* Drop
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN, March 16.—The annual re
port of the Reichsbank for 1931, Issued
today, reflects in figures the seriousness
of last year’s economic crisis as well as
the efforts of Germany’s leading bank
to maintain the stability of the Reichs
The turnover of the bank declined
about 60,000,000,000 marks, as compared
with 1930, to 803,736,000.000. The bank
purchased 256,000,000 marks In gold
from foreign countries. At the same
time it lost 1.508,000,000 marks in Its
efforts to regulate the stability of the
Its reserves in foreign countries
Feel Like A New Person
Almost Before Yon Know It
If you want quick relief from a cold.
go back to first principles and use
something you know does the business
—don’t start "trying" a lot of fancy
Ideas or remedies.
Get Hill's Cascara Quinine. A sci
entific formula made to do ONE THING
WELL; to knock a cold in a jiffy, not
to cure a hundred different things.
Take two tablets now. Then follow
directions on box. Drink lots of water,
too—that’s all. Soon those mean, aching
pains In head and body begin to go; the
cold breaks up; poisons leave your
system and you feel like a new person.
If It doesn’t do that, your money
beck. Get a box now for a few cents.
Way it works will surprise you.
dropped from 400,000,000 to 172.000,000
marks. Its obligations In foreign coun
tries at the end of 1931 amounted to
428,000,000 marks, compared with only
133,855,000 In the preceding year.
Gross profits were 209,000.000 com
pared with 127,000,000 In 1930. Net
profits, however, dropped to 13.300.000,
compared with 14,400.000 in 1930. A
dividend of 12 per cent, the same as
paid at the end of 1930, again was pro
The State of Nevada has less popu
lation that the City of Erie, Pa.
AUTOS MAY BE JAILED
Denver Adopt* Traffic Cod* to Curb
The automobile may go to jail from
now on If Its driver is drunk.
A new traffic code designed hr the
City Council of Denver, Oolo., contains
a clause whereby a drunken driver will
be given a choice of a fine or jail sen
tience, or have his machine impounded
for 15 to 45 days.
1343 F Street
Special Selling for 3 Days
Thursday, Friday and Saturday
Men s Smart Shoes
—of Burt qualities—taken
from our regular stock,
being size-broken lots of
$8.50, $10 and $12
Black and tan—calf and gram
leathers. You can probably bs
fitted—if not in one style, in
some other—and they are aU
good styles. Let our X-ray
machine show just how well
they do fit.
Caring for fsst is bsttsr than curing them.
Park at the Capital Oarase at our expense
You can depend on a
Liggett & Mgersproduct
Granger is made
in more and more
pipes every day.
Just try it!
I\cked in a handy pocket pouch of
heavy foiL Keeps the tobacco better
and makes the price lower. flence10c