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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, March 25, 1932, Image 17

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Society and General J
• ■■— ---—---— -—-- I — - - " . ~ T-'.'."1 " " - - - - -
Outdoor Advertising Co.
Compelled to Live Up -
to Agreement.
All Unauthorized Billboards in
Residential and Commercial
Areas Are Affected.
Compelled finally to live up to Its
agreement with the District Commis
sioners, the General Outdoor Advertis
ing Co. Is engaged in removing from
residential and commercial areas of the
City more than 100 unauthorized bill
boards and wall signs which have been
the subject of controversy for months.
Completion of the work, according to
assurances given by Maj. Donald A.
Davison, Acting Engineer Commissioner,
will clear up the whole vexatious bill
board situation and remove the princi
pal stumbUng block from the path of
successful sign law enforcement. With
a District inspector keeping close check
on operations of the wrecking crew,
Maj. Davison warned there will be no
let up In this vigilance until the bill
board company had carried out the last
letter of its pledge to abandon all un
authorized sign locations wrthin the
District limits. Officials say there are
approximately 130 of these, many of
which already have been actually aban
Agreement Declared Ignored.
The company's decision to come to
terms in order to avoid possible legal
prosecution ended a controversy which
came to a head last February 1, when
an investigation revealed that practi
cally none of the signs which the Com
missioners contended were illegal under
the regulations had been removed un
der a so-called "gentleman's” agreement
effective on that date. Kven after this
disclosure the General company, which
had obtained in the meantime a virtual
monopoly of the billboard industry in
Washington, countered with legal argu
ments until it finally maneuvered into
a position which its attorney was sak\
to have advised the company was un
This was largely hrought about through
the efforts of Inspector Thomas F.
Rcche, who had secured a conviction in
Police Court against one of the com
pany’s agents for violation of the sign
regulations, threatened action in other
cases and finally succeeded in obtaining
evidence of a different character which
was used successfully by Capt. Hugh P.
Oram, newly appointed officer in charge
of all inspection work, in forcing the
company to come to terms.
Since then, Capt. Oram explained, the
General company has freely co-operated
in the task of removing all billboard
structures ordered down by District
officials and has agreed also not to re
place any of the legally authorized
structures blown down during the re
cent snowstorm, over which a fresh
controversy had arisen.
The modified attitude of the General
company, in the opinion of District offi
cials, is a complete surrender of practi
cally all its previous contentions and
marks the end of haphazard and loose
enforcement of the sign regulations in
previous years. While the Commission
ers had adhered steadfastly to a policy
of refusing permits for new billboard
structures over a period of some 10
years past, one of the reasons for seek
ing a new sign law with “teeth" in it
was to give them a greater measure of
control over the actual repairing and
repainting of signs.
wiui uie recent turn ui e\eiics, Mr. i
Roche is confident now that he can
successfully enforce the billboard sec
tion of the new regulations as he has
been doing with the sections affecting
Individual business firms and stores.
Although he has obtained eight convic
tions in Police Court against individuals,
local business men have been anxious
to conform to the regulations, he said,
when violations have been brought to
their attention.
The straw which apparently broke the
camel’s back in connection with the
General Outdoor Advertising Co. was a
copy of the form of leasing agreement
entered into with property owners for
the erection and maintenance of bill
board structures. The company had
contended in conferences with District
officials that it had done all that could
be expected of it by canceling advertis
ing contracts. It was up to the prop
erty owners or the District government
to remove the structures, the company
contended, as its interest in the boards
expired with the contract.
Company Responsible.
Mr. Roche, who had succeeded in
obtaining a copy of the lease agreement
pointed out a paragraph which, in the
opinion of District officials, clearly
established the ownership and respon
sibility of the company in the billboard
structures. Under this agreement Dis
trict officials successfully contended that
the company itself was responsible for
the removal of the boards.
All wall signs on the so-called ‘‘un
authorized'' list, it was said, are being
painted out. Some of the billboard
structures, however, will be allowed to
remain as a fence.
This is being allowed in cases where
the boards hide unsightly conditions on
the premises. Advertising matter is to
be obliterated, the boards freshly paint
ed and reduced to a height of not
more than seven feet. These fences
will be permitted, however, only on the
condition that the property owner
agrees in writing to keep them in
proper condition.
Despite the fact that it is giving
up some 130 billboards and wall signs,
the General company, which recently
reached out to take over the local busi
ness of the Morton company, will be able
to operate some 450 sign locations duly
authorized under the new regulations.
This will be the limit of the business
in Washington, however, for the Com
missioners intend to adhere strictly to
a policy of refusing any additional per
The street railway merger resolution
was placed on the Senate calendar late
yesterday when Senator Austin, Repub
lican. of Vermont, filed the majority
report of the District Committee favor
ing the plan ot consolidation as
amended In committee 10 days ago.
The minority report is being pre
pared by Senator Blaine. Republican, of
Wisconsin, and Capper, Republican, of
Kansas, who are opposed to the power
clause defining the terms under which
electric current wculd be obtained by
the consolidated car company from the
Potomac Electric Power Co. Senator
Blaine also is working on certain other
features of the plan The minority re
port will not be filed In the 8enate until
Daydreams Most Common
If You Are Skeptical, Scientist Suggests Carrying
Notebook and Make Record of What Is in
Your Mind at the Moment.
FOLKS do moat of their dream
ing when they are awake.
If you don’t believe this. Dr.
Emil Gutheil. noted Austrian
psychiatrist, told the Washing
ton Psychological Society at the Na
tional Child Research Center last night,
it is easy to convince yourself by a
simple experiment. Just carry a note
book in your pocket, catch yourself up
short a dozen or more times during an
average day, and record what is in
your mind at the moment.
The result, Dr. Gutheil assured the
psychologists, will be an astonishing
and weird record, probably more fan
tastic than any sequence of remem
bered dreams. He has tried the ex
periment on himself in the midst of a
busy physician's day. he said, and
found that at various times he was
identifying himself with animals,
transferring his own personality to
others, and doing all the other things
which traditionally happen in dreams.
Little Dreaming at Night.
Yet, Dr. Gutheil insisted, he would
strenuously have denied any such ideas
passing through his mind if accused
of them on a day when he was not
keeping a record. They do not remain
in consciousness, any more than most
drefims after awaking. Probably a
great deal of the time during the
day when the mind is not actively en
gaged on specific tasks. Dr. Gutheil
said, is spent in dreamland.
On the other hand, he said, the
evidence indicates that very little
dreaming is done at night. Most of
the sleeping hours are spent too close
to unconsciousness for dreams to break
through, he believes, although there is
no way positively to check this. The
vivid dreams which come perhaps with
in a fraction of a second of awaking. !
he said, seem to- be the ones that i
remain in the memory and have led to j
the popular association of dreams and
Dr. Gutheil told the psychologists
that sleep, considered physiologically,
is close to death and that death it
self perhaps is the normal condition
with life only a brief, disturbing inter
val from which an Individual struggles
to escape.
Brain ''Center” Blamed.
Recent investigations on the mechan
ism of the strange nervous disease,
encephalitis, he said, have revealed a
“center” in the rear wall of the third
ventricle of the brain which apparently
Is responsible for an organism's falling
! asleep. At regular Intervals this part
| of the brain is able to get control over
the higher centers, so inhibiting them
that there is an interval of partial un
Now it so happens, he said, that this
particular part of the brain is de
rived from some of the oldest tissue
that enters into the brain structure
from the standpoint of philogeny, or
the evolutionary course of animal life.
Its function -thus may be considered a
survival of a primordial condition,
close to the borderline of life itself on
earth. The implications are, he said,
that ‘ sleeping is older than being awake
and death is older than life. Life may
be only a disturbance in the natural
state of death to which, all our lives,
we struggle unconsciously to return.”
He compared living to the condition
of an eggshell held in the air by a
stream of water as a target for marks
men. The stream holding up the target
is life and the object immediately falls
into its natural state of death once
the stream is suspended. But all the
time it is in the air the force of grav
ity is at work trying to tear it away
from the stream.
The Language of Dreams.
Sleep. Dr. Guthell said, represented
a return to the condition of the or
ganism at various stages before birth
when there is perfect warmth, dark
ness and absence of disturbing stimuli.
But, he pointed out, this embryonic
state itself is very close to the dividing
line between death and life.
"It is a curious paradox,” he said,
"that we spend one-third of our existence
yet unborn.” Every hour of sleep, he
said, is just so much added to the state
of life before it emerges into conscious
The language of dreams. Dr. Guthell
said is the'language of primordial men.
It is a very similar sort of symbol
language, he pointed out. as that which
emerged from the long past of the race
in the earliest writing and was pre
served in alphabets, such as the Chinese,
the Egyptian and the picture writing of
some of the American Indian tribes.
The extreme fear sometimes experi
enced in dreams, he said, is nothing
more than fear of ourselves. The in
ability to escape from the thing feared,
the seeming magic power that binds
the victim of the nightmare, he pointed
out, is natural since it is impossible to
escape from the self.
Dr. Guthell warned against persons
discussing their dreams too freely. The
knowledge of dream interpretation now
is widespread, he said, and persons are
likely to give an unfair picture of them
3icentennial Stands on Penn
sylvania and Constitution
Avenues to Seat 20,000.
Award of contracts for the erection
of a series of grandstands on Penn
sylvania avenue and contiguous thor
oughfares for the various events of the
George Washington Bicentennial cele
bration was announced today by Dr.
George C. Havenner, executive vice
president of the District Bicentennial
The stands, which will seat more
than 20.000 people, are to be placed at
strategic points along the avenue be
tween the Capitol and the Treasury,
while a special reviewing stand for
guests and officials will be placed on
Constitution avenue, east of Sixteenth
Two Contracts Awarded.
Two contracts were awarded. The
first to A Goldberg, representing a
local corporation. In the sum of $5,440.
and Includes stands at the following
South side of Pennsylvania avenue
between First and Third streets: north
side of Pennsylvania avenue, east of
Seventh street; north side of Pennsyl
vania avenue, west of Eighth street:
north side of Pennsylvania avenue, west
af Tenth street; south side of Penn
sylvania avenue between Eleventh and
Twelfth streets, and the south side of
Pennsylvania avenue between Four
leenth and Fifteenth streets.
Second Award Local.
The other went to Harry Turberville
)f this city for stands at the following
Diaces: North side of Pennsylvania ave
nue between Seventh and Eighth streets;
south side of Pennsylvania avenue be
;ween Ninth street and Louisiana ave
nue: north side of Pennsylvania avenue,
west of Thirteenth street; south side of
Pennsylvania avenue between Thirteen
ind-a-half and Fourteenth streets; east
side of Fifteenth street between Penn
sylvania avenue and E street, and two
Dther locations cf 50 and 60 feet front
ages in the 300 and 400 blocks of Penn
sylvania avenue.
The Bicentennial Commission. Dr.
Havenner explained, will receive 50 per
cent of the revenue derived from sale of
seats under the contract with Turber
ville, less the cost of liability Insurance.
The District repair shop will build
the reviewing stand on Constitution
Few Idle in Venezuela.
Despite curtailment in the oil indus
try which has resulted in a considerable
falling off of business, especially in the
Maracaibo district, Venezuela’s unem
ployment is negligible. Native labor re
leased from industrial work is being
readily absorbed by the agricultural
Arrangements Made to Ob
tain Liberty for Canadian
Wed Here Yesterday.
Angus Cole. 41-year-old Canadian,
who was married in the District jail
yesterday afternoon, is expecting to re
join his bride some time this afternoon,
when arrangements have been made
for him to be- released on bond. He
is charged with a violation of the im
migration laws.
They were married at 2:30 o'clock
yesterday in the ante room of the office
of Lieut. Col. William E. Peak, super
intendent of the jail, with trusties,
newspaper reporters and photographers
and Cole's lawyer, Bart Clines, as wit
The bride was Miss Sallie Marie
Davis. 26, a waitress Cole is a lather.
Both live in a rooming house at 1209
O street.
Engaged Two Years.
The bride said the wedding had been
set for yesterday before Cole’s arrest
a week ago and they did not want to
postpone the ceremony. After the cere
mony Cole returned to his cell and
his wife went home. They had been
engaged for two years.
Cole is charged with failing to regis
ter with immigration authorities. He
entered this country from Vancouver
in 1914. In 1925 he returned to Van
couver for a visit and March 15 of that
year came back to the United States,
landing at Blaine, Wash. It is alleged
he neglected to register his entry at
that time in compliance with the law.
He has since taken out his first natural
ization papers.
The couple met In Chicago in 1929.
Prom there they went to Los Angeles,
Calif. Last March Cole came to Wash
ington and obtained employment and
his future wife came here in July.
They were married by Rev. L. I. Mc
Dougle of St. Paul’s Methodist Epis
copal Church of Seat Pleasant, Md.
A search of jail records revealed the
last wedding performed there was April
21, 1929, when Harry E. Thomas, sen
tenced to five years on a housebreak
ing charge, was married.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
ALEXANDRIA, Va., March 25.—
Catching his leg in a machinery belt
while at work on a dredge in the Po
tomac River opposite here yesterday
afternoon, S. H. Conley, an employe of
the Roberts Paving Co., had his foot
and lower leg broken and mashed.
The Injured man was brought to the
Alexandria Hospital for treatment. He
lives on Bellefonte avenue in Potomac.
26 Days Without Food, Dr. Frederic F. Wolter Awaits
End Unless "Suitable” Employment Is Offered.
No. he didn't want to become a mis
sionary, and read the Bible at $10 a
week, any more than he wanted to
peddle the ''Little Giant Book of Es
If society has nothing better to offer,
Dr. Frederic F. Wolter said today, he
will eliminate himself from a scheme
| of things which avails such meager
I opportunities.
I “For 26 days I have eaten nothing,"
i Dr. Wolter shook his head—a head
which seemed overlarge on the dwin
dling stem of his neck. "—and they ask
I turn missionary or book agent!”
A sympathetic cleric, the doctor con
tinued, called upon him yesterday with
religious books and the suggestion that
his learning might be valuable In the
missionary field. S
The churchman eflererlU a week to
sustain the doctor while he studied the
Bible from cover to cover, with the pos
sibility that he might enter training as
a missionary.
The doctor, however, said he could
never persuade himself to believe In
the Bible, especially Its explanation of
the creation of the universe
Nor did he wish to become a book
agent, although a caller assured him
last night the volumes would "go like
hot cakes.”
For his part. Dr, Wolter said, he must
obtain employment “suitable” to his
scholarly attainments or he will con
tinue his hunger strike to the death.
Meanwhile the doctor sat on his lit
tle cot, in his hall bed room at 119
Pennsylvania avenue, gazing sadly
through horn-rimmed spectacles at the
spenow^chlrpipg jp t>>» tmi
Chevy Chase Resident Is
Discovered in Pool
Near Hospital.
Body Was Clad in Pajama* and
Coat—No Bruises or Other
Marks Were Found.
Miss Marjorie C. Van Dyne, 32,
daughter of Mrs. Frederick Van Dyne
of 12 West Kirke street. Chevy Chase,
Md., was found dead this morning in
a shallow pool of water in Sligo Creek,
near the Washington Sanitarium, where
she had been a patient for the past two
months. Dr. D H. Kress of the sani
tarium issued a certificate of suicide
after examining the body.
Miss Van Dyne disappeared from her
room, on the first floor of the sani
tarium. about 5 a m., when her nurse.
Miss Katherine Long, left the room for
a few moments. When her disappear
ance was discovered a searching party
was organized, but it was not until
almost three hours later that her body
was found, face downward, in the shal
low pool of Sligo Creek, Just below the
Carroll Avenue Bridge, which is being
Body Taken to Hospital.
When found the body was clad in
pajamas and a coat with fur collar.
She was pronounced dead from drown
ing by Dr. D. E. Davenport, acting
superintendent of the institution, and
her body was taken to the hospital
there for examination. No bruises or
other marks were found on the body,
according to Dr. Kress, who also took
part in the examination.
Officer J. E. Shoemaker of the
Takoma Park substation of Mont
gomery County police, was present at
the examination and stated that he was
satisfied with the findings of the
Miss Van Dyne has been a patient
at the sanitarium for the past two
months, suffering from a nervous dis
order. She was the daughter of Mrs.
Van Dyne and the late Frederick
Van Dyne, former United States con
sul. She also leaves three sisters, the
Misses Frances and Esther Van Dyne,
both teachers in a mission school in
Algeria, and Mrs Bryon Brown of
Virginia and a brother, Frederick, also
in consular service. She was the
youngest child.
For several years Miss Van Dyne
has been a teacher in the John Eaton
School In Washington, but did not re
turn to the school this Fall on account
of her health.
Miss Van Dyne’s father. Frederick
Van Dyne, long prominent in the Con
sular Service, was drowned at sea when
he jumped overboard from the S. S.
Santaanna April 21, 1915, when the
ship was one day out of New York.
Mr. Van Dyne was appointed a clerk
in the State Department in 1891. He
was named assistant solicitor there in
1900 and in 1907 was consul at
Kingston. Jamaica.
Subsequently, in 1910. he was again
named assistant solicitor and In 1912
served as technical delegate on the
commission of jurists at Rio de Janeiro.
He was consul at Lyon, France, in
1913, and on February 5, 1915, was
named consul at Naples, Italy.
Justice Gordon Holds Testamentary
Letters Must Be Issued Before
Release of $600,000.
District Supreme Court Justice Pey
ton Gordon today decided that the
National Savings & Trust Co. must
continue to hold the $600,000 personal
estate of Mrs. Mildred McLean Dewey,
widow of Admiral George Dewey, un
til letters of administration or testa
mentary letters have been Issued on
her estate.
Effort was made to have the funds
turned over to collectors, named by the
court, pending the disposition of a
caveat filed by George Goodwin Dewey
of Chicago, only son of the admiral, to
the latest dated will of Mrs. Dewey.
Pour other wills of the widow of the
admiral are filed for probate. Hear
ings on the contest Is expected to be
gin April 18.
The trust company, through Attor
neys Minor, Gatley and Drury, called
the attention of the court to a volun
tary trust executed by Mrs. Dewey,
directing that the trust company pay
over the funds to her "personal repre
sentatives” after her death. The court
holds that collectors are not such "per
sonal representatives” and the funds
must be retained by the trust company.
Deaths Reported.
Thomas Smith, 84 years. St. Elisabeth's
Charles E. Waters. 84, Georgetown Hos
Catherine T Payne* 83. 221 A st. s.e.
Isabella H. Kaulfless. 79. 4020 Grant st. n.e.
Rosia Knott. 72. 105 15th st. s.e
Rhodope Philadelphia, 71, Emergency Hos
Bessie L. Williamson. 58. 814 E at. n.e.
Alice M. Watson. 58. 1117 Pennsylvania
ave. n
Maureen M. Naughton, 4 months. Chil
dren's Hospital.
Jacob Holmes. 78, 748 I9th st. n e.
Jessie W. Wright. 71, Preedmen's Hospital.
Minnie Edwards, 57. 1155 1st st.
Landon Tomlin. 56, 945 O at.
John W. Poster. 50. 308 P st.
William H. Bell. 45. Caeualty Hospital.
Allan Wheeler. 42. Garfield Hospital.
Joseph Turner. 41. 1808 Rosedale at. n.e.
Joseph Hall. 40. Casualty Hospital.
Crowded Bureau
Revealed as Baby
Sleeps in Drawer
Another Washington bureau is
overcrowded, and the public has
been asked to solve the situation
through National 5400, branch
The beat solution to be ad
vanced will be called for by Dis
trict Chapter, American Red
Cross, according to an S O S ap
peal from that organization to
Overcrowding developed. it
seems, when a young patient at
Children's Hospital was returned
to a needy home.
Baby, it was found, couldn’t
sleep in the top bureau drawers
any more and was a trifle un
comfortable, even when bedded
down in the bottom drawer.
A crib, baby bed or cradle
should relleva this overcrowded
bureau, the 8 said.
Scientist Becomes Artist Overnight - "
Juan Tomadelli, electrical engineer, who perhaps holds the world record
for speed as a novice artist, is shown at work on "Le Manoir,’’ one of the 65
paintings he has done here in the last six weeks since he began has career
after remarking that he “could do better" than work he saw at a local exhibi
tion. Top is another of his works. The entire group of 65 will be on exhibition
and sale at the Shoreham Hotel next Thursday, Friday and Saturday for the
benefit of the Junior League child charities. —Star Staff Photos
/ / T J UMPH." said Juan Tomadelli.
• • I I examining a painting by his
■ > friend. Baroness Hertha Do
X X belhoff. “So you get $500
for that one? I could do
better myself.”
Inasmuch as he had never held a
paint brush in his hand, this remark did
not seem to require an answer.
Tomadelli returned to his hotel and
went to the studio apartment of Baron
Dohelhoff. He borrowed some paint
and canvas. That was six weeks ago.
Next Thursday, Friday and Saturday
65 paintings by Artist Tomadelli will be
exhibited at the Shoreham Hotel. Pro
ceeds from the sale of the pictures will
go to the Junior League Thrift Shop,
which contributes to children's welfare
organizations and hospitals.
The explanation of this incredible
feat lies in the personality of dynamic
Tomadelli. Any one wrlth the same
amount of energy could cover 65 given
canvasses with paint in the same period
of time. The mystery remains, what is
the source of the genuine merit evident
in some of his work?
‘'Did you study drawing or painting
in college?” he was asked.
Thinks Only of Engineering.
"Ah, no,” said Tomadelli rather
scornfully. "I am an electrical engi
neer. I think about that all the time.”
"Was any one in your family an
“Ah, no, no. My father was a dip
lomat. He served at Vienna.”
The questioner gave up this line,
when he discovered the man knew little
about the science of coloring and cared
less, was familiar with perspective only
through engineering charts and draw
ings. Yet the brilliant, pleasing col
ors of Tomadelli's creations are their
chief charm, and his perspective would
make some sweating art students turn
deep chrome with envy.
The variety of his subjects is amaz
ing. “Cascade,” "Manhattan a Billion
Years Ago.” “Japanese Pine,” “A Win
ter Sunset,” "Chaos” and 'Colorado,”
"Laeo di Como” and “Waikiki Beach.”
"Where on earth did you get all the
subject matter in so short a time?”
"I have traveled. It all comes from
the imagination. That is where every
thing is, in the imagination. Sometimes
I talk with crazy people. In their
imaginations, they have clever ideas.”
The reporter thought it might be
wise to give to the waiting world the
formula for becoming an artist over
“AH you have to do is will it. Use
your will power. You could go through
that wall if you willed it strong enough."
“Only don't go now. Wait until I
finish,” Tomadelli continued. "You need
only to try things. People say an artist
should have balance, he should have
this and he should have that. Bah.
That is what we say in New York,
‘baloney.’ Just paint.
“I come home around midnight and
begin to work. I can't paint in the day
time. I think about something I like,
something I remember, and I paint it.
Sometimes I do three, four, five, maybe
six, in a night. Some it takes only 15
minutes—like that,” and he pointed to
a sketch, “Battleships at Night,” done
in gray tones. "And the biggest, the
hardest, only an hour. Never more
than an hour.
“My friend, Mrs. Blank, comes to see
my work. She is an artist. She looks
at that one over there. She says, ‘How
long do you work on that?’ I say,
'Forty-five minutes, maybe an hour. I
forget.’ She says, 'Impossible, for one
like it take three months.’
“I say. ‘There it is. How do you
like it?”’
Never Retouches.
Tomadelll doesn't seem quite sure
himself Just how he completes hls work
so rapidly. One fact Is, he paints
absolutely clean, never smears out and
retouches, as some painters do for
months on end before they are satisfied.
He smokes 100 cigarettes a day, works
until 2 or 3 o’clock In the morning, and
goes to New York every week end.
Hls residence here began with the
visit when he saw Baroness’ Dobelhoff’s
exhibition at Corrado Galleries. Hls
real home Is In New York, where he
has lived ever since he came to this
country 11 years ago. He Is 40 years
old, served as an officer In the Italian
army and a naturalised cttlsen.
much publicity for his experiments with
the electronic theory. He experimented
and warned other scientists to be care
ful lest they blow up the world fooling
with the innocent electrons. Pop one
of them he explained and it might act
like an ignited lump in a powder bar
rel. He created an electrical spark 37
feet long and one yard In diameter
which sustained itself for 37 seconds.
Nothing happened to the electrons or
the world. It was nevertheless an im
pressive feat.
He does not plan to desert science
for art.
"Ah. no,” said TomadellL "I will not
fool with art any more. It gives you a
headache. It drives you nuts, like
drinking. I don’t drink. I am through
with art next week. Six, almost seven
weeks, and only week ends in New
York. I will go back. They can have
the pictures. Here Is my last frame
My last canvas. My last paint. Come
up Monday. I paint you a picture. You
take it home. I go back to New York.
When Da Vinci is dead, vour picture
will be famous." Tomad'elli laughed
and lit another cigarette.
Poke* Told $7 WM Taken Trotn
Thomas X. Towney Beneath
Pirst and If St. Viaduct.
Two young bandits who held-up
Thomas L. Towney. a taxicab driver
living in the 3000 block of K street,
and escaped with $7 were being hunted
by police today. The robbery occured
beneath the railroad viaduct near First
and M streets northeast.
Towney told police two youths about
18 years old hailed his cab at Second
street and Florida avenue about 4 30
o'clock this morning and Instructed
him to drive them to Fourth and M
streets northeast.
One of the youths drew a revolver
from his coat when they reached the
viaduct and ordered Towney to stop
the cab and hand over his money.
They fled west on M street.
The hold-up was the second reported
during the night. Walter Joseph
Franklin of 1400 block of K street, was
robbed of a *10 watch and *1.60 in
cash by a lone bandit while he was
walking on Fourteenth street near I
about 9 o’clock.
Criticism of Expense Last
Year Understood to Effect
Decision This Spring.
There probably will be no large scale
concentration of Army Air Corps fight
ing squadrons for Spring training and
maneuvers this year. The Spring
maneuvers, which since 1928 hav$ con
stituted the Nation’s greatest annual
aerial spectacle, probably will be re
placed almost entirely this year by
routine training operations at borne
stations and by minor joint tactical
Abandonment of the maneuvers,
which are regarded by Air Corps heads
as the most valuable type of training
possible for the development of unified
combat organizations, it is understood.
Is due in large part to the activities of
critics who last year subjected the War
Department and members of Congress
to a storm of abuse in what is termed
a mistaken belief that the manuevers
were a source of tremendous expense
to the taxpayers.
Need of Economy.
In view of the urgent need for
economy this year It was decided that
any activity which would lead to
charges of excessive expenditures, even
though the charges were without
foundation, would be unwise.
Actually, according to records of the
Air Corps, the maneuvers of last year,
in which nearly 700 combat, training
and utility planes took part, were held
without a cent of additional cost to
the taxpayers and charges of extrava
gance were without any foundation.
The Air Corps has been handicapped
in holding its maneuvers because they
must be held over the Continental
United States and usually, because of
the necessity for adequate airport and
servicing facilities, in the vicinity of
the large metropolitan centers. This
has brought the maneuvers into undue
prominence and has aroused the keenest
public interest. Under the circum
stances, it is admitted, an undue
amount of adverse criticism was bound
to follow.
Excess of Pm Ml city.
Actually, according to Ws£V Depart
ment records, far more publicity was
given the Air Corps maneuvers last year,
though they were the maneuvers of only
a single corps of the Army, than has
been given to the maneuvers, just con
cluded. of virtually the entire United
States Navy, including battleships,
cruisers, destroyers, submarines, carriers
and the entire aerial strength of the
fleets, largely because the Air Corps
maneuvers were held near the largest
cities of the country, while the Navy
maneuvers took place in the distant
waters of the Pacific. The amount of
adverse criticism has been in direct
proportion to the amount of public at
tention focussed on the maneuvers.
Though the Air Corps will lose the
benefit of the large scale maneuvers if
the annual concentration is abandoned
this year, there still remains a great
amount of valuable training possible at
home stations. There are many details
of training, operations and tactics to be
worked out as a result of lessons learned
in the maneuvers of the past three
years and the development of many new
types of combat planes, some of them
of entirely different characteristics than
anything now known, also presents
problems which will keep the squadrons
Buds Are Beginning lo Swell and Sap Is Rising, Park
Officials Report.
Officials of the Office of Public
Buildings and Public Parks said today
Indications are that the cherry blos
soms about the Tidal Basin will not
appear before the second week of April.
The present cold nights, they ex
plained. held back the maturity of the
buds There has been some swelling of
the buds, and the sap Is beginning to
flow In the trees that are the gift of
the City of Tokio to the City of
Easter Sunday will mark the twentieth
anniversary of the planting of the
cherry trees here The first ship
ment was diseased and had to be
turned, and the second shipment
reached Washington In March. 1013
The ceremony of official planting was
performed on March 27, 1012 by Mrs
William Howard Taft, wife of the
President then In the White House
The first tree was planted by Mrs.
Talt. and at her invitation Viscountess
Chlnda. wife of the Japanese Ambas
sador. planted the second tree.
Officials of the Offloe of Public Build
ings and Public Parks explained today
their records show that both the single
and doubS varieties of blooms ham
timntoim, Da*m at dm toll Hoorn
(Of the trees for the last eight years
follow: 1924. single variety. April 13;
double. April 26; 1925. single. March
27: double. April 15; 1926, single. April
11; double. April 24: 1927. single. March
20; double. April 20; 1928. single. April
8; double, April 26: 1929. single. March
31; double. April 14; 1930. single. April
1: double, April 22. Last year the single
blooms reached their maturity on April
11, while the double blooms attained
the peak of their beauty on April 20.
The buds show signs of bursting from
one week to 10 days ahead of the period
of full bloom, the horticulturists said
Usually the single flowering trees
bloom about the first week in April and
remain in flower from 10 to 12 days,
depending upon the weather. As a rule
the double flowering trees bloom about
two weeks later and remain in flower
about two weeks. Easter Sunday has
rallen on the following dates since the
trees started to bloom in profusion in
1924: 1924. April 20; 1925, April 12;
1926, April 4; 1927, April 17; 1928, April
8; 1929. March 31; 1930. April 20; 1931, ,
April 6. This year Easter comes earlier
than at any time since 1821. when
mrab as EM unm mukm
30,000 Sohool Children Due
to Arrive for Holidays
by Tomorrow Night.
Cooler Weather Expected Sunday
Morning, but Monday Will Be
Good for Egg-Eolling.
The annual Easter rush to Washing
ton is on again, apparently undimlnish
ed by the depression, chilly weather
and absence of Japanese cherry
The throngs of school children who
yearly spend their Easter holidays here
began to arrive in large numbers this
morning, with conservative estimates
placing the number due today and
tomorrow at 30,000. To these will be
added thousands of grown-ups. traveling
by train, automobile and bus to the
Capital City.
Whether Washington will have its
usual style parade Easter morning re
mained in doubt today with the official
forecaster of the Weather Bureau
hesitant to say definitely that the
showers scheduled for tomorrow and
tomorrow night will have passed by
CoMer Weather Expected.
At any rate, those who have planned
to show off their finery of Spring likely
are doomed to disappointment, since a
decided drop in temperature is expected
beginning early Sunday morning, with
the mercury going down slowly but
steadily throughout the day. At no
time will it drop to near freezing, how
ever, the forecaster said The predic
tion for tomorrow indicates warmer
Monday, when the children will turn
out by thousands for the White House
and Zoo egg rolling, will be clear, ac
cording to present Indications, and
preparations for both these festivities
are going on apace.
All hotels of the city are booked al
most to capacity, with many reserva
tions having been made months in
advance. In the downtown hostelries
applicants for accommodations are be
ing turned away to the tourist camps
and the multitude of boarding and
rooming houses of the city.
Peak Due Tomorrow.
The human flood is expected to reach
its peak tomorrow night, but estimates
as to the total number that will be in
the city Easter were impossible, owing
to the various avenues and means of
Union Station officials reported 167
trains due to arrive between this morn
ing and Sunday, which is about double
the average number. Most of these are
well filled, it was said, with many spe
cials and excursions.
The tremendous influx of students will
be mostly from the North, with the
West contributing a goodly number and
the South fewer, although railroad offi
cials said that trains coming from the
Southern States are running with a
considerably increased number of pas
One railroad reported four special
trains due to arrive here today from
New York alone and 50 organized parties
from the North and West. Some of
these are coming from as far West as
Minnesota and others from Wisconsin,
Illinois, Ohio and Missouri.
imurnuuon rvrce incrcaira.
In view of the large number of ar
rivals at the Union Station the Greater
National Capital Committee put on an
extra shift at its information booth
there and is giving 24-hour service.
Bus companies also are bringing
their share of the Easter visitors to
the Capital.
The parties of school children which
come to Washington every Easter from
New York and New England are plan
ned years in advance. When a child
enters high school a fund is started to
finance the trip in his or her senior
Another source of visitors is ex
pected to be the tourists who have
been Wintering in the South and are
returning to the North about this time.
Traffic Plans Made.
Although Washington’s famed Jap
anese cherry trees will not bloom for
at least a week after Easter, the
George Washington Bicentennial cele
bration. of which the National Capital
is the hub, is taking their place as an
Anticipating traffic difficulties tomor
row, police officials are holding extra
men in readiness to take care of jams
and, direct the crowd of strangers about
the city.
While the children are awaiting eager
ly the surprises of Easter morning,
preparations are being made for the
egg rolling at the White House and the
Zoo Easter Monday.
Gates Open at 9 A.M.
The White House gates will be opened
at 9 o’clock In the morning, but adults
will not be admitted until 3 o’clock in
the afternoon unless they are with chil
dren. At 3 o’clock the Marine Band
will commence a concert.
Girl Scouts, Camp Fire Girls and
other groups will assist the First Lady
in staging games and dancing.
Mrs. Hoover has invited a number of
children of officials to the White House
before the egg rolling. After they have
been received, they will veiw the festi
val from the rear portico and. If they
wish, take part In the gayety below.
Last year more than 30,000 children
attended this fete.
If the weather la auspicious a still
larger crowd of children is expected at
the Zoo. During past years from 15,000
to 50.000 children have Joined In the
egg rolling there, depending on tha
. .m i. i .
Treasure Hunters Recover Ring by
Specialized Technique.
Thanks to the treasure hunters of the
Sewer Department. Mrs. R. E. May
field. of 1818 Kenyon street, has her
diamond ring back. She lost it in her
bath room, and after a plumber who
had been employed to open the trap
:ould not find the ring she called in
the Sewer Department.
The Sewer Department has a crew
sf four men under Inspector William
Collis. which has developed a special
ized technique for such treasure hunts,
rhey drop down the first manhole be
yond the service connection, build a
1am, and force water through a screen
sehlnd it under pressure from a fire
nie first two manholes failed to
yield any results, but about 600 feel
town the sewer they recovered the ring.
“Wa^et many requests of thia-kind,”

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