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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 06, 1932, Image 2

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Denies Asking Probers to Act
on Farley and That
They Refused.
B? th« Associated Press.
NEW YORK, June 6.—Samuel Sea
bury, counsel of the Hofstadter Legis
lative Committee, today contradicted a
statement by Oov. Roosevelt that Sea
bury had asked the committee to act In
the removal case of former 8herifl
Thomas M Parley and that the com
mittee had refused.
At the same time Seabury indicated
he would follow with respect to Mayor
James J. Walker the same procedure!
he followed In the Parley case.
He said he regarded Gov. Roosevelt’s
statement calling for immediate action
as directed at him. rather than at the
Hofstadter Committee.
Asked If It was a fact the committee
refused his request to act In the Parley
case, Seabury said he had never dis
cussed the matter with the committee,
but that he had personally presented
the evidence to the Governor, without
making any direct charges.
Commenting on the charges made
against him to the district attorney by
Senator John A. Hastings, that he trav
eled to Bermuda and back in $1,010
accommodations but paid only $460,
Seabury said an officer on the ship had
moved his baggage to a larger suite
without asking his permission and told
him he might as well occupy It since
the ship was carrying few passengers.
Seabury said he was not a public
official and that, therefore the section
of the Constitution to which Hastings
in his letter to the district attorney re
ferred. did not apply to him. The sec
tion of the Constitution forbids public
officials to accept free transportation
or preferential rates.
Meanwhile Seabury analyzed 700,000
words of testimony relating to the
Walker administration.
The City Affairs Committee, through
Dr. John Haynes Holmes and Rabbi
Stephen S. Wise, Issued a statement
denouncing Gov. Roosevelt for the
representations of his views, expressed
through an unidentified spokesman,
that. Seabury was "playing politics.”
The statement said "this is the tra
ditional Tammany Hall policy of at
tacking venomously when cornered.”
- i
Fifty Detroit Officer*, Armed With
Tear Gas Bombs, Repulse
By the Associated Press.
DETROIT. June 6.—About 3,000
men attempting an unemployment
demonstration at the gate* of a plant;
of the Briggs Manufacturing Co., were;
driven back at 11:30 a.m today after i
a brief struggle with 50 policemen'
armed with tear gas bombs and riot
Pour policemen were slightly in
jured by bricks and stones thrown by
the demonstrators. Several demon
strators were knocked down. No ar
rests were made.
The demonstration, called by John
Bchrr.tes. one-time Communist candi
date for mayor of Detroit, began short
ly after 11 a.m., when nearly 3.000 gath
ered. demanding unemployment relief.!
a 10 per cent increase in wages of :
Briggs workers and slowing down of the i
production line.
Police were called when the mob
attempted to rush the gates of the
(Continued From First Page.)
Davila, former Ambassador to Wash
ington. Intends to proceed more slowly
with foreigners than with domestic
capitalist enterprises In fulfilling Its
pledge to establish Socialism.
Decrees Prepared.
The revolutionary Junta was moving
swiftly today to set up its proposed
Socialist regime. It prepared a number
of decrees enabling the “first Socialist
republic of Chile" to take over imme
diately the productive forces of the
country, to redistribute wealth by the!
Imposition of confiscatory taxes and to
aalze various privately capitalized in
While the program was not completed,
It was learned from a reliable source
that It probably would Include:
Organization, distribution and control
of foodstuffs by the state; use of all
means In Its power to feed everybody
in Chile; heavy taxes on large fortunes
and incomes; a convention to write a
new Socialist constitution; division and
colonization of large estates; recognition
of Soviet Russia; progressive steps to
ward full socialization of credits; pro
vision of employment for everybody, and
granting to the poorer classes "the
health and welfare to which they have
a legitimate right as the builders of all
The program also . would Include
State monopolies for oil, matches, to
bacco, iodine, alcohol, sugar, foreign
commerce and possibly Internal com
merce, it was learned, and prohibition
of the importation of articles classed as
luxuries, such as silks, automobiles and
The new cabinet includes:
Gen. Puga, Interior: Louis Barriga,
foreign affairs; Dr. Pedro Fajardo, Jus
tice; Alfred La Garrigue, finance; Vic
tor M. Nevarrete. industry; Carlos A.
Martinez, lands; Col. Marmaduke
Grove, defense: Dr. Oscar Clfuentes,
Welfare; Ramon Alvarez, labor; Guil
lermo Azocar, agriculture, and Eugene
Gonzalez, education.
Apra Agent Says Move Led by Party
Will Start Soon.
NEW YORK, June 6 <;P).—Alejandro
Jtoias Zevallos, New York representa
tive of the Peruvian Apra movement,
predicted today that a revolution sim
ilar to that which overthrew the gov
ernment of President Montero of Chile
Satui day would occur In Peru within
60 days.
The Apra party, he said, would lead
the revolt against President Sanchez
Cerro and would count on aid from the
rank and file of the army and navy.
He claimed the party has thousands
of followers in Peru, Mexico, Argentina,
Uruguay and Bolivia, and that Its ob
jects are similar to the socialistic
principles of the new government In
Chile. It seeks to unite 20 Latin Amer
ican nations in an economic federation.
[Woman Delegate to Withhold
Support If Pledge Is Refused.
NEWARK. N. J„ June 6 OP).—Mrs.
George H. Miles, president of the Wom
en's State Republican Club and one of
the seven delegates at large to the Re
publican National Convention, today
stated she would not go to the conven
tion and vote for President Hoover for
renomination unless he pledges hlm
aaU ito prohibition repeal .
White House Statement
$500,000,000 in Loans Declared Made by Finance
Corporation—Many Small Banks Shown to Have
Benefited at Conference With President Hoover.
THE text of the White House state- i
ment after President Hoovers
conferences at his Rapldan
camp dealing with the relief
question follows: .
“The following are the conclusions of
the Rapldan conference between Presi
dent Hoover and the directors. Gov.
Meyer (of the Federal Reserve Board),
Gen. Dawes, Messrs. Jones, Couch, Mc
Carthy, Bestor and Ballantine of tl\p
Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
“They spent some hours yesterday and
this morning reviewing the work which
has been accomplished since the corpo
ration was establsihed on the 2d of
February and discussed the board’s
plans and recommendations for the
future. They also discussed methods
further to co-ordinate all economic
agencies engaged in assistance to busi
ness, employment and agriculture.
$500,000,000 Loans Made.
"The review of the work of the cor
poration showed that in the 14 weeks
of its life loans of about $500,000,000
were authorized to something like 4,000
banks, agricultural credit corporations,
life insurance companies and other fi
nancial institutions, and in addition
thereto about $170,000,000 to railroads
“An analysis of the institutions and
the purposes served showed that:
“First. Of nearly 3,000 borrowing
banks, more than 70 per cent are located
in towns of 5,000 in population or less;
while 84 per cent are located in towns
of 25,000 in population or less: and that
only 4.5 per cent of money loaned to
banks has gone to institutions in cities
of over one million in population.
"In all these communities these banks
have been able to meet the demands of
their depositors and to minimize the
necessity of forced collections, fore
closures and sales of securities and have
thus contributed to protect community
values. One hundred and twenty-five
closed banks have either been reopened
or their depositors paid out. And bank
failures which amounted to nearly 100
a week when the corporation began are
now down to about the casualties of
normal times. It is estimated that al
together over 10 million Individual de
positors and borrowers have been bene
fited by the margins provided by the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation to
these banks.
Other Benefits Declared.
“Second: Over 250 building and loan
associations have borrowed from the
corporation in order to enable them on
the one hand to make their routine
payments to their depositors and par
ticipants, and on the other to avoid the
foreclosures of mortgages. The result
aga n has been benefits to hundreds of
thousands of Individuals.
“Third: In the agricultural field, the
corporation has underwritten or sub
scribed for issues placing $68,000,000 of
the Federal intermediate credit bank
debentures, the whole of which sums
are loaned directly to farmers for pro
duction and marketing purposes. I/>ans
have been made to a number of agri
cultural. market and live stock finance
corporations, which in turn has en
abled them to extend and continue loans
particularly upon live stock and loans
to a great number of farmers. Beyond
this, loans to the extent of $75,000,000
have been made directly to about 450.
000 farmers for seed purposes through
the Department of Agriculture. Alto
gether probably one million individual
farmers have been directly or indirectly
"Fourth, the net result of approxi
mately $170,000,000 authorized loans to
railroads has been on cne hand to in
crease employment by continuing nec
essary construction work, and on the
other hand by preventing receiverships
and thus safeguarding the great invest
ments of the trustee institutions such
as insurance ccmpanies, savings banks,
etc. The deterioration of service and
other standards which accompany re
ceiverships have also been avoided.
"Generally about $670,000,000 of
loans authorized to date have Altered
through to the use and protection of a
very large segment of the whole coun
try. An encouraging feature is that the
repayment of loans has begun, some
$30,000,000 having been repaid.
“The conference conclusions as to
Immediate policies necessary to speedy
economic recovery embrace four prin
cipal items affecting the Reconstruction
"1. In order at once to stimulate
employment and to stiffen the whole
agricultural situation, to extend the au
thority to the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation to increase its Issues of Its
securities to the maximum of $3,000,
000,000 to enable It (a) to buy bonds
from political subdivisions or public
bodies or corporations so as to start
construction of Income-producing or
self-liquidating projects which will at
once increase employment, <b) to make
loans upon security of agricultural com
modities so as to assure the carrying of
normal stocks of these commodities and
thus by stabilizing their loan value and
thereby at once steady their price levels,
(c) to make loans to the Federal Farm
Board to enable extension of loans to
farm co-operatives and loans for export
of agricultural commodities to quarters
unable otherwise to purchase them,
(d) the authority to loan up to $300.
000,000 to such States as are unable to
finance themselves for distress.
Committees Proposed.
“It was considered desirable that tem
porary non-partisan committees should
be set up to pass upon loans to States
for distress and of engineers to pass
upon loans for income producing works
Both of these committees to function in
much the same way as the Interstate
Commerce Commission now acts in
passing upon loans to railroads
"2. The enactment of the legislation
which has been recommended oreating
the system of home loan discount banks.
Surveys by the building and loan asso
ciations and the Department of Com
merce show that these institutions
would not only protect great numbers
of homes from foreclosures, but that
they would immediately stimulate from
five hundred million to a billion dollars
of construction work in new homes in
many under-built localities and in reno
vations. It was considered that these
institutions were a necessary comple
ment to the Reconstruction Corporation
and could well be financed bv the cor
poration frcm its funds if the legislation
creating that system is enacted.
Co-ordination Planned.
“3. The Joint Committee of Industry
and Finance now being created by the
Federal Reserve System in each district
for the purpose of organized application
of the credit facilities now available
through the system to be developed in
other cities and co-ordinated with the
work of the Reconstruction Corporation.
•'4. That Government expenditures'
must be held down absolutely to within
the tax income now provided and that
no programs of expenditure should be
undertaken which cannot be paid for
from current tax Income. Expansion
of non-productive public works requir
ing the issuance of Government securi
ties for any other lines of expenditures
would at once create a deficit and again
unbalance the budget and would render
financing of the operations of the Re
construction Corporation extremely dif
ficult, if not impossible, and would in
crease rather than decrease unemploy
“The board presented to the Presi
dent a high tribute to the thousands
of members of committees and of the
staff of the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation, working in every citv and
located in every part of the Union, who
have given their undivided time and
service to enabling the corporation to
function on sueh an enormous scale and
so effectively in the short period of less
than three months."
(Continued From First Page.)
did consider them, apparently they held
that these votes were not to be permit
ted to keep Mr. Walsh out of the pic
ture as permanent chairman.
Tariff Involved.
The critics of Senator Barkley have
insisted that to make him the keynote
speaker of the convention was, in effect,
to throw overboard the tariff issue in
the coming campaign, which many of
the Democrats hope to raise against
the Republicans.
With Senator Walsh as permanent
chairman also entitled to be heard by
the convention, the Roosevelt forces
seemingly have decided there is little to
the talk about the effect of Democratic
votes in favor of the "tariff taxes.”
According to information obtained
here today, the determination to substi
tute Senator Wal;h for Mr. Shouse was
not reached hastily, but after the situ
ation had been given fareful consider
ation. Senator Walsh himself was con
sulted, it was said, and it w'as learned
he would accept the chairmanship.
Chairman in 1924.
The Montana Senator was permanent
chairman of the Democratic convention
of 1924 when, at Madison Square Gar
den. New York, the religious and pro
hibition issues were fought out. The
convention took 103 ballots before it
was able to nominate a candidate for
President. The Montana Senator made
an enviable record as chairman at the
convention during thoee troublous times.
As a presiding officer he was entirely
Roosevelt supporters in Washington
today said they had been particularly
aroused by public report that Mr.
Shouse, if he were made permanent
chairman, would prepare and deliver a
speech to the convention which would,
in effect, be a keynote speech, dealing
with the prohibition issue and other
controversial matters without consulting
GoV. Roosevelt, who is recognized to
be a leading candidate for the presi
dential nomination.
Shouse Friends Critical.
Friends of Mr. Shouse were critical
of the Roosevelt leaders, insisting that
in their efforts to eliminate Mr. Shouse
as permanent chairman they were go
ing back on promises made at a meet
ing of the Arrangements Committee in
Chicago, when Senator Barkley was
picked for temporary chairman and Mr.
Shouse for permanent chairman.
The Roosevelt people insist they will
have 691 delegates' votes in the con
vention, far more than a majority.
Furthermore, they expect to have con
trol of the Rules Committee. While
they say they do not expect to try to
break down the two-thirds rule under
which Democratic conventions nomi
nate presidential candidates, they inti
mate that if a deadlock ensues, in the
coming convention, they may undertake
to bring in a majority rule for nomina
tion. The Rules Committee could bring
in such a rule and present for adoption
by the convention at any time, and it
would require only a majority vote to
adopt such a rule.
Six Metropolitan Opera stars, ex
pected to take part in the presenta
tion of "Aida-’ in Griffith Stadium
June 12, will arrive in Washington
I Wednesday.
They are Miss Leonora Corona and
1 Miss Dreda Aves, Pasquale Amato.
Guiseppe Creatore, Pasquale Ferrara
and Nino Rulsi.
(Continued From First Page.)
election day in November until the be
ginning of the full term. On the face
of reports from 865 election precincts
in this race Senator Morrison had a
margin of more than 5.000 votes over
Reynolds. The tally was 75,771 to
Repeal of the prohibition laws was
advocated by Reynolds. He described
himself as a "temperance candidate."
In addition to his opposition to the
eighteenth amendment, he advocated
full payment of the soldiers' bonus.
In the contest for the governorship
J. C. B. Ehringhaus piled up a long
lead over his two opponents, but fell
short, on the basis of returns recorded,
of the majority necessary for election
on the first ballot.
The count for 1.457 precincts stood:
Ehringhaus. 150,084: Maxwell, 87,614;
Fountain, 93,252.
Races for House Seats.
Renomination of the two Democratic
Representatives in Congress. Zebulon
B. Weaver and Charles L. Abernethy,
seemed certain.
In the sixth district W. B. Umstead
had 8,484 votes with 86 of 116 pre
cincts listed. Norman Boren was sec
ond with 6,328.
In the lone Republican contest scat
tering returns showed Jake Newell,
nominated by the State convention for
the United States Senate, piling up an
overwhelming lead over George W. De
priest, a wet. Newell is a dry.
Trinidad May Become Important
Source, Scientists Believe.
PORT-OF-SPAIN, Trinidad, June 6
(iP).—Helium is reported to have been
discovered in Trinidad, rewarding a
search which began after oil drillers
accidentally tapped a source of the
gas last September.
The quantities available have not
been ascertained, but the reports said
there was a possibility that Trinidad
might well become an important source
of supply.
Meeting, National League of Repub
lican Women, Willard Hotel, 3:30 p.m.
Meeting, Abraham Lincoln-Circle, No
3, Ladies' G. A. R„ Willard Hotel, 8
Moonlight cruise, Joppa Lodge Chap
ter, No. 27, O. E. S. Boat leaves Sev
enth Street Wharves, 8:45 p.m.
Moonlight cruise. Bethlehem Chap
ter, No. 7, O. E. S. Boat leaves Sev
enth Street Wharves 8 p.m.
Luncheon, Board of Directors, Rotary
Club, Willard Hotel, tomorrow, 12:30
Luncheon. Board of Directors, Lions
Club, Mayflower Hotel, tomorrow, 12:30
Luncheon, Washington Credit Men’s
Association, Raleigh Hotel, tomorrow,
12:30 p.m.
Luncheon. Better Business Bureau,
Raleigh Hotel, tomorrow, 12:30 p.m.
Card party, benefit Nativity Church,
6000 Georgia avenue, tomorrow, 1:30
Luncheon, Department of Justice,
University Club, tomorrow, 12:30 pm.
Woman Killed in California.
Strong Tremors Felt
in Oregon.
By the Associated Press.
EUREKA, Calif ., June 6.—One woman
was killed and three other persons In
jured In a severe earthquake which
shook Northern California and South
ern Oregon early today.
Mrs. Walter McCutcheon of Eureka
was fatally Injured when the chimney
of her home toppled over and crashed
through the roof upon the family. Mr.
McCutcheon suffered a brol»n leg and
their three-year-old daughter, Louise,
was slightly injured.
The other known victim was a bakery
employe whose wrists were broken
when the temblor Jarred two bread
trays together.
The quake was reported “very strong”
in Klamath Falls. Oreg.; 155 rr.llqs
northeast of Eureka, and was felt In
San Francisco, 285 miles to the South.
Redding. 85 miles east of Eureka, re
ported It "severe ”
A number of shacks In Areata, a vil
lage 7 miles from Eureka, were razed.
Four distinct shocks were felt here all
coming In rapid succession at about
12 :40 a m.
Property damage In Eureka was con
fined largely to fallen chimneys, broken
water mains which flooded basements
of homes, broken windows and crockery.
Telephone and telegraphic communica
tion was temporarily disrupted.
There were numerous reports of gas
leaks and one chimney fire, which was
Old residents here compared the shock
to the 1906 earthquake which rocked
the coast and caused the fire which de
troyed San Francisco.
Second One Sends Residents of Santi
ago Scurrying Into Streets.
SANTIAGO. Cuba, June 6 (A1).—Two
earthquakes struck Santiago early to
day and sent residents of the city
scurrying into parks, streets and open
The first shock, at 12:50 a.m.. was a
light one. but the second at 4:05 a m.,
was strong enough to remind the peo
ple of the disastrous quake of last
Jalisco Governor Reports Thousands of
Homes Destroyed.
MEXICO CITY, June 6 (A*).—All Fed
eral Government agencies in the State
of Jalisco were ordered today to co
operate with Gov. Sebastian Allende in
relief work following Friday's earth
quake, which took a heavy toll in
lives and property damage.
The governor reported that a consid
erable section of the State was in a
bad way. Thousands of homes were
destroyed, he said, and at least 400
dead and Injured were reported from
widespread areas.
Medical corps and food brigades were
hastily organized.
Observers Watch to See If Shocks Follow
Belt of Activity.
The earthquakes which struck the
town of Eureka. Calif., early today were
sufficiently violent to shake the earth
for more than 2.500 miles and were re
corded distinctly on the seismograph at
the Georgetown University earthquake
The Eureka shock was one of four
registered at the local observatory in
the last 48 hours, two of which were
after shocks of the Mexican earthquake
June 3, it was announced in a bulletin
issued by the observatory today.
The Eureka earthquake was recorded
at Georgetown at 3:51>a am., Wash
ington time, today.
"It is interesting to note.” the ob
servatory stated in its announcement,
"that all this recent activity has oc
curred on a circle, the points of which
are approximately 2,500 miles from
The earthquake epicenter, according
to experts at the observatory, apparent
ly is moving to the northwest.
"While predictions of further dis
turbance are outside the range of seis
mology,” It was announced, "observers
will watch with interest to see if suc
cessive quakes follow the well known
belt of activity which continues farther
North and West through Alaska, the
Aleutian Islands and the Kurile group,
bending South to Japan.”
Duquesne Released on Habeas
Corpus and Seized Again as
Being Escaped Prisoner. *
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, June 6.—Fritz Joubert
Duquesne, who was arrested recently as
a fugitive from justice and the alleged
murderer of three British seamen, was
freed from the extradition charge in
Federal Court today.
This action was taken when the court
was informed that the British govern
ment did not oppose a writ of habeas
corpus sued out by Arthur Garfield
Hays, counsel for the American Civil
Liberties Union.
Duquesne, who is also known as Fred
erick de Trafford Craven, was imme
I dlately rearrested on a charge of being
an escaped prisoner. The murder
| charge relates to the death of seamen
1 who were killed in the explosion of the
steamer Tennyson in 1916.
Thief Enters Court and Steals
PARIS OP).—Justice being blindfold
ed. has lost a timepiece.
While a case was being heard in
the law courts a man entered with a
ladder and took down the wall clock.
“It needs fixing,” he told the judge,
but it hasn't been seen since.
Hardly a day passes without a com
plaint of depredations by sneak thieves
or pickpockets in the court’s building.
Each Dollar Invested in Your Home
Now Will Save Many Later
w w
A Dollar Saved 1$ a Dollar Earned
Chilean Palace Seized by Junta
The Presidential Palace at Santiago, Chile, which was taken by rebel* Saturday as » revolutionary junta led by Carlos
Davila, former Ambassador to Washington, overthrew the Montero government. Inset: Senor Davila, Provisional Presi
dent, is preparing to set up a socialistic government.
Ocean Flyer Carried Fuel-Suf
ficient to Last Only to Noon
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. June 6.—The wife of
Stanislaus Hausner. the, priest who
blessed him as he started his flight into
the east, and the friends to whom he
confided his detailed plans were trying
hard today not to give up hope for
the flyer's safety, though admitting the
chances of his being alive were slender.
By the most optimistic allowances the
fuel supply Hausner carried for his New
York-to-Warsaw flight would have last
ed no longer than Sunday noon. The
oare possibilities that Hausner may have
landed and been unable to communi
cate word of his safety, or that he
may have fallen into the sea and been
picked up by a vessel not equipped with
wireless were the only basis for hope
of his being alive.
Mrs. Martha Hausner, to whom the
movie operator-amateur flyer had been
married but a year, remained much of
the time near’ the telephone at the
home of her husband's friend and
spiritual adviser. Rev. Father Paul
Knappek of Newark. N. J.
Hausner started for Warsaw from
Floyd Bennett Field at 8:56 a.m., East
ern standard time, Friday.
Calls to European Air Fields Give No
Clue to Flyer.
LONDON. June 6 (<PV—European
anxiety over the fate of Stanislaus F.
Hausner. Polish-American flyer, deep
ened todav as no word of him had been
heard since he took off from New York
l&£t Frid&v.
Air authorities made frequent calls to
European airfields seeking possible word
of the flyer.
(Continued From First Page >_
less than $1,0C0 a year takes out of the
bill about $2,COO,000 of estimated
savings. Some think the exclusion of
salaries under $1,000 would take out
nearer to $4,000,000, in which case the
flat 10 per cent cut on all other salaries
would amount to $117,000,000. Sup
porters of the furlough substitute said
today that it would amount to $88,000.
000 in the form in which it was intro
duced. There is no certainty that it
will be amended to include also a small
graduated pav cut in salaries above
$3 000. but if this should be done it
would increase this figure of estimated
No Dismissals Argued.
Supporters of the furlough substitute
will argue that it leaves the Govern
ment salary schedules undisturbed and
eliminates the necessity of dismissing
anv employes as the result of greatly
reduced appropriations being granted by
Congress for the coming fiscal year.
Members of the bipartisan subcom
mittee u ho drafted the economy bill
also contend, however, that their plan
for a flat 10 per cent pay cut avoids the
necessity of dismissing any Government
workers. They argue that the economy
bill permits the money saved by the
economies to be used for the payment
cf salaries to help make up for reduced
appropriations, and that they also have
included in the pending bill a para
graph which would enable a department
head to utilize the furlough method in
stead of outright dismissals in any bu
reau where salary appropriations might
become inadequate to cover existing
personnel. The bill carries another pro
vision permitting interchangeability of
appropriations within a department
with a limitation that no appropriation
may be increased more than 15 per cent
by this process.
When the Senate met today the
economy bill was temporarily side
tracked to permit action on the confer
ence report on the billion-dollar tax
bill. It is impossible to predict how
long the tax bill conference report will
be discussed, but as soon as it is acted
on the economy bill comes back to the
center of the stage with the furlough
substitute as the pending question.
Army Strangely Mute
Orderly Bonus Marchers Seem to Be Impelled by
Supreme Escape Gesture, Struggling Against
Grip of Cruel, Mysterious Forces.
THE strangest army that ever de
scended upon a peaceful Ameri
can city was gathering momen
tum today.
Dusty and weary, some in tat
ters and some in trim uniforms, some
in trucks, some in battered cars and
some on foot, some with flags flying
and some unobtrusively, contingents of
the bonus-seeking army of World War
veterans were arriving continuously at
the big Anacostia field that rapidly is
taking the form a military camp. They
came in groups of threes and fours, in
small companies of 30 or 40. Finally,
just before noon, the big New York
group of about 200 came marching in
double file, flags drooping over weary
shoulders, down the dusty road to the
camp. It is no mob down there in
Anacostia—far less so today than was
the case Saturday. Everything is or
derly, and rapidly is being organized
into still more orderliness.
The army seems to be a fair cross
section of middle-class America. They
are truck drivers and blacksmiths, steel
workers and coal miners, stenographers
and common laborers. They are black
and white. Some talk fluently of their ;
woes. Some hardly can muster enough
English to tell where they came from
slid why. The soft Georgia drawl
mingles with the characteristic patois
of the New York sidewalks.
Like Great Eacape Gesture.
What started it all? What common
impulse moved these men almost simul- '
taneously in Harlem and Salt Lake .
City, on the Texas plains and In the |
Chicago flop houses? What impelled j
colored street laborer and bow-legged i
cowboy to leave everything familiar
behind them and start out together on
the open road?
Curiously enough, little can be gained
from conversations with the men? The
East Sicer and the fellow "who used
to have a good racket'’ in Miami tell
stories that are almost indistinguish
able except that both talk in the char
acteristic speech of their sections. Both
are vague. It is obvious that this
strange social phenomenon is something
that transcends the individual. But j
nearly all have one thing in common—
a curious melancholy, a sense of the
futility of individual struggle, a con- :
sciousness of being hi the grip of cruel,
incomprehensible forces. Their pres
ence here is a supreme escape gesture.
Following are a few random glimpses
into the reasoning of these men:
A Chicago Pole, about 40 years old,
phlegmatic after the fashion of the race j
—stolid, hopeless, difficult to get started
on nis story: He used to be a truck
driver and served in the 39th Division
in France. He hasn't worked, he says,
for three years, except for odd jobs now
and then. He had a wife, but "she ain’t
alive no more." He hag three children.
His mother, who lives in a little town in
Indiana, is caring for them. He sleeps
around in "flop houses" with lots of
other fellows he knew in the army. How
did he get started to Washington? He
shakes his head. Somebody had read
about it in the papers. They got to
talking about it in the flop houses and
the next thing he knew he was on his
Men Just Got Together.
A burly, bronzed Texan in a sombrero.
He is a horseshoer by trade. Jobs are
scarcer for horseshoers than for most
men. Besides, he has spent a lot of
time in service hospitals—two opera
tions for hernia. He was in Ogden,
Utah, looking for a job. The ex-service
iren “hung around together” in that lit
tle Western City. Most of them were
out of work, married and with hungry
families. There were no meetings, no
previous organization. The fellows got
to talking about it on the street and.
the next thing they knew, they were on
,the way to Washington.
A Chicago colored man: For three
years he has had an cdd job now and
then distributing handbills on the
streets and such work for 75 cents a
day. His wife is a charwoman. She
has supported him and his two children,
but "she's just about regdy to break
down.” The word spread around that
the fellows were coming to Washington
and he started with them. There was
no previous organization that he knows
of. He used to be a truck driver in the
92d Division.
A glass blower and coal miner from
Morgantown, W. Va.: He served in the
Rainbow Division. Conditions among
the coal miners are worse than any
where else, he says. Even if he could
get an occasional day in the mines, he
.would be barred from his union if he
accepted. This, he believes, is just.
Two of his brothers are out of work.
His father and mother are living and
have kept them from starving thus far.
It has been 18 months since he has had
work for more than two days at a time.
There is no real organization of needy
veterans in West Virginia, that he
knows about. The papers tell of the
bonus march on Washington. A few
fellows in each town happen to get
together, talk things over, and the next
thing they know they are on the way
in any sort of transportation they can
Jobless for Three Years.
A sheet metal worker from Columbus,
Ga.: He hasn’t worked for three years
and there Is no possibility of getting a
job. He and his family “have just got
by somehow.” During the war he was
an Infantryman with the 1st Division.
As seems to have been the case every
where else, the Columbus bunch "Just
got started” without preliminary or
ganization. On the way they picked
up others In the same fix from various
Georgia towns. Everything was fine
until they reached Lynchburg, Va.
There the main body of the Georgia
marchers were stranded last night while
three or four came ahead in their own
A truck driver from Philadelphia:
H* was with the 15th Engineers. Truck
drivers seem to predominate In this
bonus army. He hasn’t worked for two
years. He and his two children have
been supported by his wife, who works
as a charwoman In office buildings.
They have just got by without starving.
For 17 years this man drove a truck
for one employer. The employer was a
good, square man. The veteran's job
was waiting for him when he came
back from the war. Two years ago the
firm went broke. The employer is now
in an insane asylum. "I might as well
be here as sponging off my poor wife.”
the man says sadly. "She won’t be able
to stand it very long.” My brother has
helped us keep the rent paid, but he’s
got a family of his own and is likely to
be out of a job any day.”
He Had a "Good Racket.”
A fellow from Miami! "I had a good \
racket with the American Legion there,”
he says. "I was in the Fife and Drum
Corps and we won prizes all over. 1
didn't need a job But when the Legion
down there went against the bonus. I
threw it all over. I couldn’t stand see
ing so many fellows go hungry.” Ap
parently there was not much prelim
inary organization in the Flo rid k cities.
In both Miami and Jacksonville the
veterans "just got started.”
Practically the same story could be
repeated a hundred times. There is
one common element. The men have
been out of work for a long time They
have been "just getting by somehow.”
Few can tell a connected story of how
they have been "getting by.” In most
cases, it is fair to assume, they have
survived going without. Somehow or
other—none know Just how—this im
pulse struck them to come to Washing
ton. It seemed to be on the lips of
many men, gathered in American
Legion or V. F. W. club rooms, simul
taneously. They read the stories in the
newspapers. The next thing they knew
thev were on the way to Washington.
After talking with many men from
all parts of the country—not the lead
ers, but the rank and file—we are as
far as ever from any logical localiza
tion of the widespread intangible, sub
conscious forces that have shoved this
growing host of dusty, weary, melan
choly men on the District of Columbia.
Perhaps a psycho-analyst might ex
plain it.
They are in a struggle which is too
severe for them. They have come to
the point where they recognize the
futility of fighting adverse fate any
longer. They are fixating on a symbol
—the symbol of the security and plenty
of happier days. This symbol happens
to be Uncle Sam and the war period
Kith its military relief from responsi
bility. It Is becoming analogous to the
infancy period of the psychotic. This
bonus march might well be described
as a flight from reality—a flight from
hunger, from the cries of the starving
children, from the humiliation of ac
cepting money from worn, querulous
women, from the harsh rebuffs of pro
spective employers. It is very like the
peace of infancy there in the warm
June sunshine of the Anacostla field.
Perhaps this may explain the orderli
ness—the way in which these very di
verse elements of the American popula
tion have fallen into a semi-military
organization without leaders in author
ity. Orderliness is a part of the symbol
of securitv to whose protection they
have fled from the mysterious, heartless
forces that are crushing them in the
outside world.
Early Vote in House Expected on
Construction and Leasing Con
tracts Resolution.
By the Associated Press.
The Sabath resolution authorizing the
House Post Office Committee to investi
gate the post office construction and
leasing contracts was approved today
by the House Rules Committee.
This assures an early opportunity for
the House itself to vote on it.
The committee; under the resolution
sponsored by Representative Sabath.
Democrat, of Illinois, would be directed
to investigate railroad, airmail and
ocean mail contracts; prices paid for
post office building sites in the past 10
years and all contracts for construction
of post office buildings in excess of
Accidental Tear Oas Blast Causes
Hold-Up Scare in Store.
PORT JERVIS, N. Y., June 6 UPI —
The accidental discharge of a fountain
pen tear gas gun in the pocket of a
man who said he was O. E. Hayward,
a deputy sheriff of Harlan County, Ky.,
precipitated a hold-up scarce in a Port
Jervis store yesterday.
Hayward was leaving when the
weapon discharged. Hayward became
dissy and sooned. After being ques
tioned by police he was allowed to de
Japan Will Send Cavalry Units to
TOKIO, June 6 CP).—The war office
announced today it had decided to re
place an unspecified number of Japa
nese troops in Manchuria by cavalry
units because of special tactical needs
of the campaign to put down Chinese
loyalist insurgents.
The announcement did not say how
many cavalry units would be sent or i
whether the shift would mean an in- 1
crease in the total Japanese military
strength in Manchuria.
* * ' • -
Sarazen, Mac Smith and Ar
mour Among Leaders in
British Open.
By the Associated Press.
8ANDWICH, England, June 8.—A.
R. Bradbeer, little known professlonai
from Somerset, today led a fine inter
national field, Including three ranking
American players, in the first round of
qualifying play of the British open golf
championship, with a par-shattering 70
Bradbeer finished with the late play
ers over the par 72 St. George's course
to lead Arthur Havers, British winner
in 1923, and the last Briton to hold the
title, by one stroke.
Gene Sarazen, MacDonald Smith and
Tommy Armour, defending champion—
the three leading American hopes—were
right up in the van, Sarazen and Mac
Smith with 73s and Armour with a 75
Marcell Dallemange of France and
several native Britons were just in front
of the Americans with scores of 72
while Robert Sweeney, American stu
dent at Oxford, scored a surprising 75
to stay with the leaders.
Today’s qualifying rounds were played
both at St. Georges and Princes course,
where the tournament proper will start
Wednesday. Sarazen, Mac Smith and
Hovers played their fine rounds over
the more difficult tournament course,
where par is 74 Armour played at St
Georges with Bradbeer.
Old Favorites Remain.
It was a great day for the British
galleries, with such old favorites as Ted
Ray with a 73; Abe Mitchell, with a
like score; Ernest Kenyon, Tom Dobson
and Fred Taggart with 72s and Duncan
McCulloch with a 76, more than hold
ing their own with the invading Ameri
cans, where the title has gone 10 of
the last 11 years.
Havers' 71 at Princes equaled Jock
Hutchinson’s record for the course. He
was 2 under 4s on the first nine of one
of England's most difficult golf tests.
Frank Sweeney, brother of Robert,
and the tenth American to finish of the
12 entered, scored an 85.
Walter Pursey, Seattle professional,
carded a mediocre 81.
Gordon Smith of Palm Beach, Fla.
fared even worse in the high winds and
needed 88.
Joshua Crane, veteran amateur from
Brockline. Mass., needed 89, practically
eliminating him.
Ellsworth Augustus of Cleveland
Sarazen Putts Well.
Sarazen, American open champion in
1922. was out in 37, one over par. and
in with an amazing 36. two under par
to shade ''perfect" figures by a stroke.
Sarazen had five 1-putt greens and
his touch was almost perfect all the
way. He rolled his ball up on the
windswept greens with beautifully
gauged taps and didn't have a single
3-putt green.
The American admitted he was ex
perimenting on several of his shots
through the fairway, but even so, he
had few bad shots. He pulled a mashie
shot to the seventh green almost out
of bounds and was short with a long
putt at the eighth. Otherwise, his golf
on the outward nine was errorless.
Gene failed to allow for the wind at
the tenth and his tee shot was trapped
short, but two 3s at the thirteenth
and fourteenth put him in a good fin
ishing position. He half topped a bras
sie at the seventeenth, where he might
have had a birdie 4. but needed par
5 and a long putt for an angle 3 at the
last hole hung on the lip of the cup.
Mac Smith was the medalist at Car
noustie last year and finished fifth in
the tournament proper. He reversed
Sarazen s figures, taking 36 out and 37
in. Like Sarazen, he finished with a
birdie 4.
Drastic Procedure Is Set, With
Debate Limited to Three
By the Associated Press.
The struggle between the adminis
tration and the Democrats over relief
legislation—one of the prime contro
versies to be settled before adjourn
ment—will burst forth in the House to
morrow over the two-billion-dollar
measure sponsored by Speaker Gamer.
An an 8-to-4 vote the Rules Commit
tee agreed today for the bill to be
brought up under drastic procedure,
with debate limited to three hours. The
Democrats are pledged to support it.
Meanwhile, the Ways and Means
Committee, approving the measure for
the second time due to technical
changes, sliced $39.050 000 from the
total allocated to public buildings.
Representative Rainey, the Demo
cratic leader, said the changes were
"made because of the decreased build
ing costs."
Instead of allotting $83,090,000 for
post offices, costing $70,000, the bill
now will allow $52,200,000 for $50,000
The $55,000 class, for which the bill
previously had allotted $22,440,000. was
decreased to a maximum of $35,000. with
a total allocation of $14,280,000.
The vote by the Rules Committee
was strictly along party lines. No
amendments or points of order can be
presented and only one motion to send
the bill back to the Ways and Means
Committee is to be allowed.
Wheelbarrow Has Tire*.
LILLE, Prance <flN.—A w heelbarrow de
luxe was shown at the Lille fair. It
had a pneumatic tire with broad tread,
but the chassis was the same old
By the United States Naty Band this
evening at the east front of the Capitol
at 7:30 o’clock. Lieut. Charles Benter,
leader: Alex Morris, assistant leader.
March. ‘ Comairons'’.Benter
Dedicated to Rear Admiral H. V. Butler.
U. S. N.
Overture. "Mlgnon”.Thomas
Solo for cornet—
"Centennial Polka".Bellstedt
Musician Blrley Gardner.
“Valse of the Flowers'".... Tschalkowsky
Potpourri, "Hits of 1931."
arr. Koelkebeck
Solo for clarinet—
"Carnival of Venice".Jean-Jean
Musician Charles Brendler.
Grand scenes from the opera
“Madam Butterfly".Puccini
Excerpts from the musical comedy
“The Cat and the Fiddle".Kern
Rhapsody, “Second Hungarian".. .Liszt
“Anchors Aweigh.”
“The Star Spangled Banner.”
By the United States Marine Band
this evening at the Marine barracks at
8 o'clock. Capt. Taylor Braa»ga, leader.
Grand march, "Pan American." Galeano
Overture- -
"Merry Wives of Windsor”.. . .Nicolai
Caprice, “Cubano”..Rolf
Entr'acte. “Ol' Man River”.Kern
Cornet solo-l
“Pantasie Capriccioso”.Kemp
Musician Winfred Kemp.
“Hawaiian Nights".arr. by Lake
Saxophone solo—
“Beautiful Colorado”.De Luca
Musician Kenneth Douse.
Tone poem, "Skyward".Schilkret
Grand scenes from
“La Traviata".Verdi
Marines' hymn. "The Halls of
“The Star Spangled Banner”
f t M

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