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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 06, 1932, Image 3

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“Red, White and Blue” Group
to Turn Out Tomorrow.
“Reds” to Follow Later.
(Continued From First Page.)_
the camp and providing sanitary facili
Dr. Fowler said that his office had
facilities for inoculating the men against
typhoid fever, but he doubted whether
they could be put to use.
He was not sure whether he could
force the men to submit to inoculation,
but was confident if the serum was
simply offered he would find few who
would be willing to submit to the in
2,626 in Camps.
Latest figures on veterans now in1
Washington w ere tabulated by police to
day as follows:
Twelfth and D streets southwest—
Eighth and I streets southeast^-350.
Seventh and L streets southwest—
These figures did not include 185 vet
erans due here from Baltimore at about
noon, 44 from Florida, who arrived
about 9 o'clock, and 54 who came in
from the North at breakfast time.
Total, including today's arrivals, was
2 626 veterans on whom the Police De
partment has a definite check. Ap
proximately 250 others are here, living
with friends and relatives, and there
are a thousand others living in missions
and lodging houses.
Determined to divorce the bonus
march from Communistic influences,
the ' B. E. F„" which is ex-doughboy
for bonus expeditionary forces, decided
to stage a big parade on Pennsylvania
avenue tomorrow night and elected
Alrnan. * bronzed Oregon lumberjack,
who has been acting generalissimo,
as commander in chief, to succeed Wal
ter Waters, resigned because of Illness.
Urged to See Members.
The army today set out to bring pres
sure to bear on Congress to pass the
bonus bill.
At a mass meeting shortly before 11
o'clock the veterans were urged by Har
old B. Foulkrod. chairman of the Legis
lative Committee, which is the “Steer- i
inc Committee" of the veteran organi
zation, to see every member of Con
gress and urge the passage of bonus
“Our only weapon is the ballot box,”
Foulkrod told his conrades as they
cheered, and he added. “Wo are in a
position to say who the next President
cf the United States will be.”
Voting Strength Stressed.
Foulkrod told the assembly that when
they approached the members of Con
gress to tell them just how many votes
there were in their respective families
and that the veterans proposed to stick
by their friends and work against their
His final warning to the men was to
go to Congress quietly, and this was
bolstered by the admonition “and don't
raise no hell" by Joseph Angelo. Dis
tinguished Service Cross wearer, who is
one of the leaders of the Camden dele
gation. which was first on the grounds
at Anacostia.
Just before the veterans set out for
Congress they received a wire from the
Farmers' Holiday Association of Iowa,
from Des Moines, offering food. The
telegram read:
“The Farmers’ Holiday Association of
Iowa, composed of thousands of farm
ers. is ready and willing to send car
load* of food to veterans now camped
in Washington.
“We are preparing to go on strike
July 4. and will hold our products from
the market, and would use this meth
od to help dispose of our surplus.
Have Plenty of Food.
“We are poor in money, but rich in
food products, and if Congress and
the railroads will provide transporta
tion. we will ship you carload lots of
food free.
“Your cause is just—stay with them—
we are for you.”
The telegram was signed by the
Executive Committee of the association
—Milo Reno. John Chalmers and Jesse
D. Sickler—and the reading brought
prolonged cheering.
Under orders from Superintendent of
Police Glassford. a check-up of every
veteran in the camp was started this
morning, and those who cannot iden
tify themselves as having had war
service, are being expelled. According
to leaders, approximately a dozen have
met this fate.
Bennett in Charge.
The checkup is being conducted by
Officer J. E Bennett, who Is assigned to
police headquarters, and who is himself
a war veteran, being commander and
organizer of the Police and Fire Post of
the Veterans of Foreign Wars.
The police had previously made a
check of the men in the uptown billets,
where the task was comparatively sim
ple. only about 900 men being in the
three concentration points there, and
these generally having been grouped be
fore they came in to Washington. It
was said, however, that another check
would be made of these as a precau
tionary measure.
Many of the men have their dis
charges: others have identification
cards from various organizations, and
where they have nothing to show’, they
are being given over in charge of M. P.’s
and allowed to go to the War Depart
ment to establish their identity, it was
200 Come From New York.
This check will not only serve the
purpose of keeping undesirables out of
camp, but will also offer a means of
identification in case of sickness or
The largest delegation to arrive at the
camp in the last 24 hours landed just
before noon todav. when 200 men came
in from New York City in two huge
trucks. They had been on the road
two days, they said. Earlier in the
day 163 came in frem Reading by truck,
86 from Atlantic City by bus and 34
from Jacksonville, Fia.: 42 from Miami,
debts contracted by any one other than my
self. FRANK A. DAWSON, 21(»0 19th ft.
n.w . Apt. 605._9*_
unless contrarled by myself. MICHAEL J.
HANRAH \ N._1 649 Henning rd._n.e._
FRED E GLASCOCK, specialized patent
sert ires 60S 9th n.w\_National 0462._7*_
Baltimore Philadelphia. New York. Boston.
Richmond aiut all way points; unexcelled
service Phone Nat’l 146ft.
1317 New York Ave.__ Local Moving Also.
FER <fe STORAGE CO., long-distance mov
ing specialists, have daily motor expreas
eervlce hardling tranks, baggage, baby car
nages. etc., tc all Jersey Shore point*.
Call National 0960.
100 LETTERS, $1.25; 200. $1.75.
Circulars, notices, etc., addressing, mailing.
Ace Letter Service. District Nat. Bank Bldg.
lead and line. Dutch Boy; 50c a coat.
Beale. Alex. 153S-J. 420 Mt. Vernon ave.,
Alex., Va. 9*
tU June 10. Call West 0067. Becker Paint
& Glass Co.. 1239 Wisconsin ave.
ererl Phone West 0654 befora 10 a.m. The
Honey Pot. 1065 31st n.w._
And all points North and West. AGENT
ALLIED VAN LINES We also pack and shin
by STEEL LIFT VANS anywhere.
1313 You St. N.W. Phone North 3342-3348.
For Satisfactory Printing—
Consult this modernlted milllon-dollar
printing plant, eaulppel! to handle any
rob—large o* small.
The National Capital Pres*
“Bonus Marchers” Still Arriving at Anacostia Camp
SUNDAY saw the arrival of new contingents of the bonus expeditionary force. Here are scenes at the Anaco6tla camp yesterday and today. Upper left: Distri
bution of two automobile loads of food supplies sent from New Jersey. Upper right: What Is left of an improvised shelter erected during the rainstorm
early today. Lower left: Some of the scores being treated at the Marine Corps clinic. Lower right: Meeting under wdy this morning at the Anaeostia
camp. —Star Start Photos.
Fla., and 12 from Somers Point, N. J.,
by train.
During the night there were 60 ar
rivals from Schenectady. N. Y.. by truck,
and 25 from Michigan. 4 from Georgia
and 4 from Indiana by private cars.
These arrivals have been checked by
police and camp leaders, and whether
there were any more is open to specu
lation. so every effort is being made
to check every stranger, three outposts
having been established on the main
road leading to the camp from Ana
Tobacco Is Distributed.
An energetic tobacco salesman, rep
resenting a Louisville concern which is
putting a new brand of smoking to
bacco on the market, came to camu
this morning and distributed several
hundred packs to the men.
Two of the shedlike barracks which
were started to house the veterans
have been completed, and no more are
in process of construction. All over
the camp, however, leantos have been
thrown up by the men. made for the
most part of boards, with hay covering,
and designed to furnish more protec
tion than the so-called barracks, which
are of little service other than to keep
ofl the sun.
90 Per Cent Served Oversea*.
Officer Bennett said that his check
had developed that at least 90 per cent
of the men on the grounds have had
overseas service.
All the uptown billets, which have
been filled for several days, are standing
pat with their own groups and directing
all new arrivals to Anacostia.
Thus far the food supply has been
ample, according to the men, who are
continuing to get two meals a day, gen
erally beans, bread and coffee, though
today at Anacostia there was sauer
kiaut in huge barrels, and the menu has
been a little more diversified at other
i For the most part the "bonus army”
seems to be made up of members of the
Veterans of Foreign Wars, emblems of
this organization predominating.
Radio I* Provided.
The camp was supplied with radio
equipment this morning when a radio
equipped truck from Atlantic City put
in appearance.
Four members of the Monongahela
Valley Post of the Veterans of Foreign
Wars, who are encamped at Anacostia,
sent out a "distress" call this morning,
saying they had become separated from
their outfit and would like to get back
if they could find where they were.
The "Steering Committee." which is
the Legislative Committee of the vet
erans' organization, will meet again to
night to hear reports of today's activi
ties and map further plans.
Reds Close Headquarters,
Levin's committee closed its head
quarters this morning. The Com
munist leader attributed this act to
the remarks made by Harry King,
president of the Washington Chamber
of Commerce, who declared that “I
think that those two Communists who
are making trouble here should be run
out of the city."
However, the activity of Federal
agents here also was responsible for the
move. Although the report that agents
have been brought here during the last
few days was denied by Secretary of
Labor Doak, it is konwn that there
are a number of the Immigration Bu
reau operatives on the scene.
Each move of Levin, Stembar and
other members of the so-called Pro
visional Committee of the league has
bren closely checked. Every effort on
the part of the leaders to gain ad
mission to the various camps have been
spoiled by being "spotted." The ar
rests yesterday of two women Com
munists at one of the camps were be
lieved due to the activities of the Fed
eral forces. *
Issues Orders on Run.
Therefore, Levin was forced today
to issue liis orders that the so-called
“third big parade" would be held on
Wednesday while he was on the run
and being trailed by an agent.
He said the demonstration in front
of the Capitol would have the full
backing of the Workers' Ex-Service
men's League and, furthermore, the
bonus expeditionary force would have
the full support of the league should
the War Department continue to re
fuse to furnish shelter for the march
ers in camp here and food would be
brought here from New York and other
points to keep the veterans from starv
He appealed to the rank and file of
the veterans to join in the demonstra
tions, which will be led probably by
the New York contingent numbering
700 men. More than one-half of this
outfit are reported to be members of
the league. He urged that a vote be
taken at once by the leaders of the
expeditionary force as to participating
in the “third big parade” demonstra
Call on Officials.
Saturday Levin and Stembar called
on Vice President Curtis and Police
Chief Glassford and they tentatively
approved their application for the vet
erans to parade on Wednesday. Offi
cial approval of this permit has not
yet been given, it was said.
Through Saturday morning and aft
ernoon Levin and Stembar were taking
tba taKtotta in iiTMattoB (91 4tq
presentation of the demands of the'
veterans. But. when they attempted to
enter one of the camps Saturday night
they were "spotted ’ and were informed
they would have to stay out.
At an informal conference yesterday
between Alman, the national com- j
mander of the expeditionary force.
Levin and Stembar, an effort was made
by the league leaders to get permission
to visit the camps. Alman refused, ex
plaining that he did not have anything
against a member of the league If he
was in Washington to petition Con
gress for the bonus, but he did not be
lieve it would be "healthy” for Com
munists to visit the camps.
Concerned Over Reception.
Levin and Stembar also were con
cerned over the reception to be given
the New York contingent on its ar
rival here Inasmuch as some of its
members, they admitted, were members
of the Communist party.
"Be he red. yellow, pink or white.”
declared Alman, "a veteran will be
welcome into the camps here as long
as lie behaves himself and is here only
for the presentation of the bonus de
mands to Congress."
"I'm advertising for men." the com
mander added, "and I want as many
men as I can get and will stick with
us here until the bonus Is paid. We
are just as much entitled to our back
wages as the dole now being handed
out to ‘big business.'
"As soon as Congress realizes that
‘big business’ is not the only thing in
this country, the better off It will be,”
the commander emphasized.
Levin was in accord with the com
mander as to the “back wages” and
"Remember, that we are making de
mands from a Congress that has
assigned $2,500,000,000 fcr bankers, in
dustries and railroads: preparing now
to vote from $2,500,000,000 to $5,000.
000.000 more for profits for Industries
while 12.000.000 to 15.000.000 unem
ployed were denied unemployment In
surance. Millions also me being spent
for war.”
Will “Give It a Thought."
"I don’t know anything about Com
munism.” asserted Alman. “but I’m
going to give it a thought when this
thing is over."
"Well. I admit I am a Communist,”
declared Levin.
It was then that Levin asked permis
sion to visit the camps.
"No; you better stay out,” commanded
Getting down to the details of the
proposed “third big parade." Levin said
the preliminary arrangements made for
the demonstration depended on the
number of men in Washington on Wed
nesday and “of course, the will of the
rank and file veterans.
"We are suggesting to the veterans
that they present a petition to Con
gress on Wednesday,” the leader said.
“It Is of little concern to us whether
the demonstration is conducted under
the auspices of the committee of the
Workers Ex-Servicemen's League or
whether it will be conducted under the
bonus expeditionary force.
“We feel confident that the men here
do net want to stay more than one day
after Congress acts on the bonus, but
they will all stay here until Congress
acts. Food supplies, equipment, hous
ing will surely pour into Washington
from all over the country if Congress
forces us to remain here. We have sent
out telegrams for this purpose. If Con
gress does not act now or attempts are
made to carry out the program of not
feeding the veterans, we will send
orders and the food and tentage will
soon arrive.”
Two Accused of Bootlegging.
Increased activity among veterans’
police late yesterday resulted In the ar
rest of two colored men for bootlegging
at the Anacostia camp, the arrest of
two alleged Communist women, the ex
pulsion from the Twelfth and D streets
camp of an ex-service man charged
with distributing radical propaganda
and another for panhandling and drink
The colored men, Norman Higgs, 40,
Chicago, end Solomon Timothy Jones.
37. York, Pa., were turned over to elev
enth precinct police by Joseph Eskey
and George Moore of Reading. Pa., and
Daniel J. Robinson of Camden. Two
pints of alleged whisky were found in
Higgs’ possession and one pint on Jones
The men were charged with illegal pos
Tlie two woman Communists—Joan
Joyce, 25, of New York, and Willie May
Burroughs, 29, of Chicago—were taken
in custody by veteran police at the en
campment at Eighth and I streets
southeast, where they inquired for
Emanuel Levin, Communist leader and
chairman of the National Provisional
Bonus March Committee.
Sent ms Propagandists.
The veterans handed them into the
custody of police from No. 4, who in
turn sent them to the Women’s Bureau.
According to their story to Lieut. Rhoda
Milliken, they were sent here to dis
tribute Communist propaganda and
were told to get in touch with Levin,
who would "help them out.” At Seventh
street and Pennsylvania avenue they
asked a youth to direct them to the
Eighth and I streets camp. There they
asked for Levin, and when told he
had no business there were said to
iWv tMr’f the infer*
all the veterans in Washington.” This
statement was roundly jeered by the
veterans, who held the women for police.
The women were being held today
pending arrangements to transport
them back to their homes.
The veteran caught distributing radi
cal literature was sentenced by a "kan
garoo court" to 15 lashes across the
back with a belt and was driven from ■
camp screaming.
While the three so-called Commu
nists were awaiting arraignment in Po
lice Court today an investigation by
Assistant United States Attorney Mil- j
ford F. Schwartz revealed that the pris
oners did not distribute the pamphlets, ‘
although they had them in their pos- i
The prosecutor then refused to issue
a warrant and the prisoners were re
Tile crowd of veterans from Reading.
Pa . arrived in trucks and automobiles
to the cheers and shouts of the 1 200
men In camp at Anacostla. Their
transportation here was furnished by
the citizens of Reading, who gathered
6 000 strong yesterday morning to urge
tlie veterans "on to Washington.”
The Reading "army" of 163 swelled
the total number of new arrivals yes- ■
terday to somewhere in the neighbor- j
hood of 400, with other hundreds, if j
not thousands, on their way to the seat ;
of National Government. An advance |
guard of 12 veterans from Columbus, j
Ga., pulled into the Anacostla camp i
last night and reported 56 more from
their city would arrive today or to-'!
J. T. Martin, the Columbus leader, j
said hundreds of veterans from North
and South Carolina and Tennessee
would be here in time for Tuesday's
parade, in which between 6,000 and
10,000 former doughboys are expected
to march up Pennsylvania avenue to
the Capitol.
Camp Is Drenched.
It was a very wet aggregation that
answered mess call at the Anacostla ■
camp this morning. The rainstorm
that broke over the camp shortly after
1 o'clock played havoc not only with
the Improvised shelters and the vet
erans' clothing, but a majority plainly
displayed nervous tension.
Hardly before the groups gained some
comfort by the warm coflee and a mix
ture of the old army menu of “slum
gullion” before two chartered busses ar
rived with approximately 100 men from
Atlantic City. The New Jersey boys
were given a cheer and welcomed
heartily into the camp.
But the cheers fell flat when the
leader of the new arrivals announced he
had brought his gruup to camp only
for today.
“Stick with us or get out.” exclaimed
M. T. Thomas of Camden, N. J., the
camp commander.
His shouts attracted the attention of
Joe Angelo, also of Camden, second In
command. Joe came to his chief's as
sistance on the run. his Victory Medal
and his Distinguished Service Cross
dangling against his breast as he scam
pered in among the shouting men.
Twelve Decide to Stay.
“If you Just come down to sight-see.
we'll have nothing to do with you,”
shouted the energetic Angelo.
“We got drowned out last night by
the rain, and it fell like cats and dogs,
but do you see us downhearted—not
one of us,” shouted the leader with a
sweep of his hand, pointing to the en
tire camp.
“I mean to tell you we are here to
stay, and any of you who are willing
to stay raise your hands and raise
them above your heads so we can count
'em." commanded Angelo.
About 12 of the Atlantic City group
expressed willingness to stay.
Thomas then addressed the rest of
the crowd and declared If they had
made up their minds to return home
tonight they could at least do the cause
some good by lobbying Congress.
"Go and see Bacharach.” shouted
Decide to Make Call.
‘‘Go down to the Capitol and call on
him all day,” he added, “Call on him
in groups and get him to see a little
of our side.”
The New Jersey boys said they would
visit Mr. Bacharacli.
Hardly had Thomas and Angelo dis
posed of the Atlantic City argument
before shouting broke out in the camp
of the marchers from Reading, Pa. They
arrived here late yesterday and slept
in the open last night until the rain
storm broke.
This argument was over leadership
and the camp was widely split. Stand
ing on trucks bearing placards "Cheered
in T7; jeered in '32” and "Millions for
others but not a cent for hungry vets,”
H. H. Rhoads, an ex-sergeant In the
28th Division, attempted to cool the
temper of his following.
It required several "red hot” speeches
on the part of camp leaders to get the
men together. They promised they
would hold an election during the day.
"Chief” Pitches Tent.
It was explained that the main argu
ment was over Rhoads leaving camp
early this morning to “buy a cup of
coBee.” The men held that Rhoads
should remain in camp and partake in
the same "chow” dished out to them.
Along with the Reading outfit came
rfWft* Sunning at tfuoakxo,
N. Mex. He brought along his own
tiuck and In his truck he carried a tent.
The chief dug in for the night under
his square patch of canvas. He sprin
kled straw on the ground and made
things cumfoitable all around The
rest of the Reading group elected to
sleep out in the open near the chief's
tent. v
•'Well, we were sleeping away to beat
the band." said Jay Field, former com
mander of the Veterans of Foreign
Wars Post at Reading, "when the rain
came. First it began to rain a little,
then it began to lightning and thunder.
We still stuck into the open because we
were dead tired from our trek yesterday.
"Then big drops began to fall and
all of a sudden the clouds simply
emptied themselves. We ran for shel
ter. The chief let out a war whoop
that you could have heard 10 miles
He continued to whoop it up and we
followed his cries until we reached his
shelter, as it was so dark you couldn't
see in front of us.
Crowded Into Shelter.
“We crowded In on the chief until
we almost crowded him out «t his own
home. Others ran to the sheds. Those
sleeping there got up and made room.
Others sought the shade trees for some
relief from the deluge. It didn't last
long and after It was over we went back
to soaking wet straw and tried to get
some sleep.
“However, a night In Anacostia still
has nothing cn the trenches. We suf
fered there far more than we Intend to
suffer here. The folks back home are
with us and they are not going to see
us starve. About 6.000 saw us off yes
terday and they told us to stick It out.
Reading is 100 per cent In favor of the
Over the bumpy road leading to
camp came the advance guard of the
Columbus. Ga., contingent, the little
touring car crowded to the gunwhales.
Prom its radiator a huge American flag
fluttered in the breeze. When the car
stopped Edwin Carter stepped out, the
leader of the unit.
"We are here and 62 others of our
buddies are on a freight train between
here and Richmond, said Carter, ad
dressing Angelo.
1,000 More on Way.
"Furthermore,” he added, "there are
at least 1.000 other boys on freights
and on the highways between here and
Atlanta. We passed them en route and
all of them cheering—‘Washington or
The bemedaled Angelo met Carter
with open arms.
"We ain't got much to eat and we
only eat twice a day, but fall in. Buddy,
and I'll see If there Is some rations lay
ing around loose," explained the leader.
While Carter and his small crowd
were drinking coffee. Angelo Informed
him that from now on the rations were
beuig reduced.
“There ain't going to be any more
‘seconds' or ‘thirds, " yelled Mr. Angelo
as he scampered off to another section
of the camp.
Glassford Is Thanked.
A letter of thanks to Gen. Glassford
for "the splendid manner in which he
has handled the bonus crusaders" was
dispatched today by officials of the War
Veterans of America, a recently char
tered organization, with headquarters
at 2626 Pennsylvania avenue.
At the same time Edward S. Brown,
ir., commander of the group, announced
that approximately 300 members would
march in the "bonus parade" tomorrow.
"Meanwhile,'’ Brown said, "we are
making every effort to induce the vet
erans here to accept our leadership, so
that we can weed out all the bums,
panhandlers and radicals.”
Rock Creek GreenB Declared to
Have Been Cut.
The United States Park Police are
looking for a person accused of gather
ing laurel on Beach Drive in Rock
Creek Park yesterday.
Dr. S. F. Starrett of the 5300 block of
Colorado avenu3. e.n employe of the
Bureau of Plant Industry, Department
of Agriculture, advised police that a
large amount of laurel had been gather
ed. If the guilty party can be appre
hended, Officer J. W. Sheedy asserted.
Dr. Starrett is willing to appear against
Resentment Against “Reds”
Heard as Delegations Con
verge on Capital.
Br the Associated Press.
Five thousand men, some footsore,
some shabby and many hungry, moved
on Washington today from all over the
They hitch-hiked, commandeered
freight trains as they could, rode In
trucks and went on foot—any way to
get to Washington.
The first organized group from Phila
delphia set out on foot today. Police
estimated there were about 20J men In
the unit. Each man was required to
show his honorable discharge papert
from the Army.
At Pittsburgh police mobilized at
dawn today to insure order when the
1.500 men approaching that city from
the West and North arrived. Pour units
of marchers were escorted quickly
through the city yesterday. Many had
no time to eat. so quickly did they
move on At Wiycinsburg, Pa., how
ever, merchants donated food.
Trains Are Delayed.
The Baltimore & Ohio trains were
delayed an hour or so In McKeesport
yesterday when veterans set the brakes
to allow comrades to clamber aboard.
State police at Greensburg were asked
to take the men off the freight at
Connellsville. but they did not arrive
in time to aid. Railroad officials had
no difficulty clearing the cars, but when
the train had pulled out in the darkness
the “marchers” also departed with it.
Several hundred veterans from the Mid
dle West were taken from a train in
Pittsburgh early today. They spent
the remainder of the night in a park
under police guard.
About 500 veterans camped today In
the railroad yards at Connellsville and
enjoyed a swim in the Youghiogheny
River. They detrained from freight
cars as they drew into this terminal.
They were orderly and no effort to
Interfere with their movement was made.
None of them knew how or when they
would move on to the Capital.
Fifty marchers from the Veterans'
Hospital, Dayton, Ohio, and other sec
tions are held up at Frostburg today
for lack of transportation. Chief of
Police Baker and James Morton, a
garage man. arranged to take them as
far as Cumberland, but they refused the
proffer, saying they wanted to be carried
straight through to Washington. They
sent several of their number who are
traveling In their own car to Cumber
land to ask Mayor George Henderson if
trucks cannot be sent up from that city
to take them to Washington. The vet
erans cooked their own meals at Junior
i Order Park where they spent the night.
At Clarksburg. W. Va. almost 200
men who are traveling by automobile
I :.pent the night and morning in the
| veterans' auxiliary hall Food was
j served them by the auxiliary .
Two hundred and fifty marchers
j were given box car transportation by
I tl\e Pennsylvania Railroad from Old
I Robey. Ind, yesterday and were due
1 in Washington today. At Kansas City
240 men outmaneuvered police and
boarded a freight train, passed through
St. Iouis and reached Roodhouse. Ill.
while 600 others mobilized at Wichita.
A Brawley. Calif., unit of 30 or more
men abandoned motor transportation
at Huma, Ariz., and continued on by
Opposition Is Heard.
Opposition to this method of urging
bonus payments appeared frequently
today among veterans themselves. The
leader of 300 at Dallas resigned as
their commander, when they refused to
leave the railway yards alter being
warned to do so. A New York minis
ter who manned a machine gun in the
war led the men In prayer for success
on their Journey.
In Boston a contemplated march was
canceled. At Lincoln. JJebr.. the Execu
tive Committee of the Nebraska Amer
ican Legion characterized the "bonus
army” movements as "un-American
and revolutionary.”
Railroads were resorting to various
plans to discourage efforts to ‘'draft”
freight trains. For the most part the
railroads sought to avoid any display
of force. At Greensboro, N. C.. the
journey of 200 marchers was inter
rupted when the railroad company side
tracked a train on which they were
riding. Other railroads were delaying
movement of freight trains when It ap
peared the marchers would demand ac
Group Breaks Away.
About 400 of the 900 men who were
balked at Cleveland in their attempt to
commandeer a freight ride to Washing
ton spent Sunday In a suburb washing]
their clothes and laying plans for future!
action. •
‘Tt is about time we started to take
possession of some things," John Pace
of Detroit acting field marshal, told
them. “We should take over a few sig
nal towers. We'll get to Washington If
we have to take over the entire Penn
sylvania system.”
Another group, who called them
selves the "Battaiion of 257” and split
fr:m the main army, said they were
fssured transportation In trucks from ;
Akron to Butler, Pa. The trucks were ,
provided by the county and rubber
factories. The battalion is led by Doak 1
E, Carter, who said he was a captain in !
the California National Guard. His!
battalion left the main group, Carter I
said, becaure It had no wish to be asso
ciated with Communists. Various other
deltgations, riding in trucks from p .lnts
in Michigan, Illinois and other Middle
We.-tern States, continued toward the j
Talk of Communism was heard in |
several groups, but invariably the ■
marchers Indicated they would have ■
nothing to do with any ‘'Reds'’ who
might be found among them. Tlie dele
gations that left New York City Satur
day split because one g-rcup complained
the other was composed of Communists.
Six alleged Communists were expelled
from the ranks of a group of 75 Seattle,
Wash., veterans when they stopped at
Fort Waynes, Ind.. last night. The
veterans were awaiting arrival of a unit
of 250 veterans from San Francisco, re
ported stranded near Hammond. Ind.
Refused passage on Pennsylvanit freight
! trains, the Fort Wayne group hoped to
board an eastbound Nickel Plate train.
Thirty-five Chicago veterans decided
after reaching Ohio to turn back, and
took a freight fVom Toledo, westbound,
last night.
A new unit of ‘‘several hundred" men
was being formed at Lancaster, Pa . and
; expected to start for Washington during
j the day.
Scattered detachments were passing
! through Virginia today. One detach
ment from the Carolinas, which arrived
I at Danville last night, was moved by
truck to Lynchburg. Another from
Miami passed through Richmond last
night, hard on the trail of an earlier
j Florida contingent which left the city
in the morning alter bivouacking there
Saturday night.
Ex-Enemy Aids.
The Miami veterans said a former
German soldier, now a special railroad
messenger, left the fruit train on which
the contingent of 45 was riding, at Hen
derson, N. C., and returned in a few
minutts with steaming coffee and sand
wiches for his former enemies.
One hundred and fifty from New Or
leans last night bivouacked along the
banks of Lawsons Fork, on the outskirts
of Spartanburg. S. C., after completing
a 25-mile trip from Greenville. Meat,
bread and 5u gallons of buttermilk were
given the group by Greenville mer
chants. They were brought to Spar
tanburg by trucks supplied by a Green
ville ice firm.
None of the marchers has indicated
any definite plan for urging passage of
the $2,000 000.000 bonus measure other
than the hope that the sight of sev
eral thousand veterans in the Capital
j may concentrate attention on the bill.
Roughly, the lines of the bonus march
ers were drawn this way, although some
units already were on the move with
the dawn:
Approaching Pittsburgh. 1.500
In New Jersey . 700
Cleveland, Ohio . 600
Dallas . 300
From Brawley. Calif, (en route) 28
Kansas (mobilizing or en route).. 680
En route from Indiana. 200
En route Irom Charleston, W. Va.
i (by motor! . 100
Richmond, Va. (Florida veterans) 44
Spencer. N. C. 200
Danville. Va. 250
Spartanburg. S. C. 150
En route from Boston. 150
Total en route. 4,760
By the A»socii»ed Press.
NAPLES, Italy, June 6.—While artil
lerymen were firing a 21-gun salute
yesterday In honor of the anniversary
of the proclamation of the Italian con
stitution. five soldiers were killed, six
were badly wounded and one was
stricken dumb.
The casualties were caused by an ex
plosion in a pile of ammunition on San
Vincenzo dock at the naval base, where
the artillery pieces were mounted.
Exactly what caused the explosion
was not established. Several artillery
men were hurled Into small boats
alongside the wharf and others were
flung as far as 50 feet along the wharf
Soldiers and sailors rushed to the
scene Immediately after the blast to re
cover the bodies of the dead and to get
the injured off to hospitals.
The twelfth man of the group as
signed to the salute guns was unable to
tell what happened. Shell shock ren
dered him dumb.
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