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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 08, 1932, Image 2

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Cleveland Apartment Ruins
Searched for More
By the Associated Press.
CLEVELAND. June 8.—Fireman still
were searching for bodies today in the i
blackened tons of steel and brick that
remained of the Ellington Apartments,
destroyed by fire with an unknown loss
of life.
A fifth body, badly charred, was re
covered early today, but eight tenants
were still unlocated more than 24 hours
after the terrific explosion and fire
which gutted the building early yes
The latest known victim was tenta
tively identified as Mrs. Clara Withers,
about 65. a resident.
Authorities said the list of missing
might be incomplete, since there was
no way of knowing how many visitors
were in the. building, a six-story struc
ture located in the central downtown
area. City detectives were attempting
to trace any of the missing who might
not have been at home.
Fire Chief James E. Granger and
Safety Director Frank J. Merrick an
nounced they were investigating the
disaster on the theory it was of incen
diary origin.
Officials said they did not believe gas
caused the blaze, although some resi
dents reported they smelled gas shortly
before the explosion.
One hundred and twenty men were
digging in the debris, but it was be
lieved it would take another day or two
for them to finish and definitely
establish how many perished.
‘‘Pretty Boy” Ployd and Aide Be
lieved Pair That Eluded Posse
in Bullet Rain.
By the Associated Pres3.
ADA, Okla.. June 8.—Charles “Pretty
Boy" Ployd. notorious Oklahoma out
law. and George Birdwell. his aide,
apparently had eluded another posse
A dozen officers who went to a house
near Stonewall last night on a tip
Floyd and Birdwell were there said two
men who escaped under fire were the
long-sought bank robbers and slayers.
Several of the posse expressed belief
the desperadoes were protected by steel
vests and other armor. The posse was
led by Sheriff L. E. Franklin and O. P.
Rav of the State Bureau of Criminal
Identification and Investigation.
Estle Henson. 18-year-old Ada youth
kidnaped- by Floyd and Birdwell April
21. when they robbed the Stonewall
Bank, saw the gun battle from a slight
(Car,tinued From First Page \_
and commercial cars, letting private au
tomobiles have what there is left.
After appointing a committee of pro
fessors and students to take charge of
the National University, the junta ex
pressed the belief that its contro
versies with the students, who had
threatened a general strike, were ended.
On the religious question, Senor Da
vila denied church property would be
taken over.
Bolivian Paper Expects Socialist Acts
After Chilean Coup.
LA PAZ. Bolivia. June 8 UP).—Pos
sibility of a wave of Socialist revolutions
In South America, from Patagonia to
the Panama Canal, was foreseen as a
result of the recent Chilean coup in an
editorial today in Ultima Hora, leading
afternoon newspaper here.
The editorial said the capitalist sys
tem has "demonstrated a complete in
capacity to solve the problems of the
"But more than that,” it continued,
•'the system lacks the vision to examine
the new face of the world. Its re
sources and its accumulated experience
clash against reality today. It cannot
find the formula to save itself.
"Its latest failure is the result of an
attempt to apply to new problems meth
ods of solution which were efficient 20
or 30 years ago. without realizing that
the methods must of necessity be mod
"It will not be long—this is the gen
eral opinion that reality will soon con
firm—before Peru and Argentina ex
perience revolutionary movements of
the same nature as Chile has just un
dergone. And this will extend to Bo
livia and the other countries of Latin
CORUNA. Spain, June 8 UP).—Strik
ers began bombing activities in Coruna,
Efferrol, and Tuy today, causing ma
terial damage but no casualties.
The bombs were exploded at stores
and bakeries in the three towns. Two
houses were burned at Tuy, and the
Efferrol Casino Ferrolano was damaged.
The strike of syndicalists and extrem
ists continued today at Santiago and
many new arrests were made.
May Circulation
Daily .121,232
Sunday, 126,405
District of Columbia, ss.t
FLEMING NEWBOLD. Business Manager
solemnly swear that the actual number of
copies of the paper named sold and dis
tributed during the month of May. AD.
1932. was as follows;
nay*; Copies. Days. Copies.
2*yS . 125.720 17 . 127.060
3 ". 124.8*3 18 . 125.594
4 1*5.054 n. 1*5.593
5 120.055 20 . 124.202
6 124.700 21 . 120.105
7 .... 120.803 23 . 124.143
9 . 125,113 24 . 122.30*
i(l . 123.22* 25 . 122.120
11 1*4.091 26 . 122.301
12 127.4*2 27 . 120.403
13 120.717 28 . 117.00*
14 ’ . 122,1*4 30 . 107,994
15 . 125.083 31 . 122.103
Less adjustments . 51.445
Total net daily circulation.3.152.027
Average daily net paid circulation 120,148
Daily average number of copies for
service, etc. 1,0*1
Daily average net circulation. 121,232
nays Copies. Days. Copies.
1 120.301 22 128.075
8 128.07* 29 . 126.870
15 . 1*8.801 --
Less adjustments . 0,994
Total Sunday net circulation. 032.02*
Average net paid Sunday circulation 125.782
Average number of copies for serv
ice. etc. 643
Average Sunday net circulation. 128.405
Business Manager, j
Subscribed and sworn to before me this
9th day of June. A.D 1932
^ Mot^j Public.
Where 11 Died in Fire
VIEW of the ruined Ellington Apartment and business block. In the heart
of Cleveland's business district, which was the scene of a mysterious
explosion and fire early yesterday, when 11 persons were burned to death
and many injured. Many, trapped by the flames which spread rapidly
through the six-story building, were rescued by Are escape, ladders
and life nets. —A. P. Photo.
American Favorite Breaks
Par by Four Strokes in
British Open.
By the Associated Press.
SANDWICH. England, June 8 —Gene
Sarazen, New York professional and
American favorite for the title, today
scored a 70 for the first round of the
British open golf championship, to take
the lead with most of the field in.
Sarazen went along easily in the two
qualifying rounds for a 73—76 and then
got • hot” today to break par by four
strokes in one of England's most diffi
cult golf tests.
His score was one stroke better than
those of MacDonald Smith, another
American favorite; Charles Whitcombe
and W. H. Davis. British professionals,
who had been tied for the early lead.
Sarazen was out in 35. one under par,
and home in the same number of
strokes, three under "perfect” figures.
Tommy Armour, defending champion
from the States, was out in 38 on his
first round and was one under 4s at the
thirteenth. He faced a difficult task
in catching Sarazen.
Other scores:
Archie Compston, Great Britain, 74.
Tomekichi Miyamoto, Japan, 79.
Michael Scott. Great Britain, 81.
Reg Whitcombe, Great Britain, 75.
Marcel Philipon, France, 77.
Andrew Chintran, Great Britain, 78.
•H. G. Bentley. Great Britain, 75.
Herbert Jolly, Great Britain. 75.
Joseph Hirigoyen, France. 83.
Henry Cotton. Great Britain, 74.
W. L. Hope, Great Britain, 74.
(Continued From First Page.)
limit on annual leave certain groups
that do not now receive sick leave. A
third would exempt foreign service offi
cers because they are stationed in cli
mates where, it was argued, their health
requires longer leave.
Although the Senate rejected by five
votes the general furlough plan as a
substitute for the 10 per cent cut, it ac
cepted the furlough clause written into
the bill by the Economy Subcommittee.
This, the subcommittee explained, is
not intended to be a general furlough
of all workers, but is included as a
measure of safety to avoid outright dis
missals of any employes in isolated cases
where Congress may inadvertently fail
to provide sufficient money to cover the
existing personnel of any bureau.
Automatic Promotions Prohibited.
The bill carries provisions prohibit
ing automatic promotions or the filling
of vacancies, except by executive order,
in emergency cases, during the coming
year. The bill also seeks to discontinue
for the coming year extra pay for over
time, for night work or for Sundays
and holidays.
As amended by the Economy Com
mittee. the bill hereafter would give
preference in the making of new ap
pointments to other than married per
sons if the husband or wife already are
emploved by the Government. Before
the bill came out the committee elim
inated the clause which said that, in
reducing personnel, married persons
should go first if the husband or wife
also was in some branch of the Gov
ernment service.
Deductions from pay representing the
employes’ contributions to the retire
ment fund are to be based on present
pay instead of on the salary after the
10 per cent cut.
The bill contained a section providing
that where retired military officers hold
civil positions they could not draw
retirement pay which would make their
total salary more than $3,000. In such
a case they would have to elect to take
either the retired pay or the civil salary.
This was amended to enable them to
earn from both retirement pay and
civilian employment the amount they
received as officers just prior to retire
Reorganization Policy.
The bill sets forth a general policy
on reorganization of Government
bureaus, under which the President
would formulate consolidation plans
and transmit executive orders to Con
gress. Such plans would take effect
after 60 days, unless Congress should
approve them sooner. Either branch of
Congress could veto a reorganization
order by disapproving it.
The bill also contains authority for
the President to proceed, without regard
to the foregoing limitation, to work
consolidation of activities relating to:
Public health, other than veterans’ hos
pitals; personnel administration, educa
tion, Mexican Water and Boundary
Commission and to merge such activities
of the War and Navy Departments as
relate to purchase of supplies and ma
terials. On motion of Senator Fletcher
of Florida, “merchant marine” was
stricken from this reorganization sec
tion. and on motion of Senator Nye of
North Dakota, "conservation" was
COLUMBUS. Ohio, June 8 UP).—J. E.
Wright of the University of Illinois was
elected president of the Association of
College and University Broadcasting
stations in ninth annual convention
here yesterday.
About 50 representatives of colleges
and universities in many parts of the
United States are attending.
Other new officers are: Vice president,
W. I. Qriffith, Iowa State College; sec
retary-treasurer, B. B. Brackett, Uni
versity of South Dakota; executive sec
retary, T. M. Beaird, Univarsity of Okla
Bill Called From Floor of Sen
ate for Change Affecting
2,000 Officers.
Recalling the War Department ap
propriation bill from the floor of the
Senate after it had been reported, the
Senate Appropriations Committee yes
terday added approximately $4,600,000
to the measure to pay the salaries of
the 2.000 Army officers who faced dis
charge from the service under terms
of the House bill.
The committee previously had de
cided the Army needed the 2.000 offi
cers the House had ordered eliminated,
but overlooked until after bill had been
reported the necessity of providing the
additional pay for their salaries. To
correct the error, the measure, carry
ing nearly $400,000,000, was taken off
the floor and returned to the com
mittee at the request of Senator Reed.
Republican, of Pennsylvania, in charge
of the measure. The $27,209,927 the
House provided for pay was raised to
I $31,833,427 and the bill was once more
returned by the committee to the Sen
(3.784,414 Net Increase.
Reductions in the pay Items set aside
for retirement in the House bill and
other resultant necessary changes made
the net increase for salaries (3,784,414
that the committee had failed to ac
count for in first reporting the measure.
! As the bill came from the House it
| carried $392,586,146, which was reduced
| by the Senate committee ro $389,578.
513, as It stood after being corrected.
This was (21,785,249 under the estimate
for the fiscal year 1933, and $56,194,722
under the 1932 appropriations.
The largest single reduction was a
slash of $5,772,510 for rivers and har
bors work. The House bill carries ap
proximately *60,000.000 for this pur
pose. Maj. Gen. Lytle Brown, chief of
Engineers, said materials for this work
were cheaper now than in the past.
12,000 Officers Necessary.
Secretary Hurley, in the committee
hearings, told members 12.000 officers
were necessary for national defense.
He also explained to them that moving
home the 2,000 cut off by the House
would entail a great deal of expense, so
that the savings would not be so large,
after all.
Explaining the national defense act
required a strength of 14,063 officers,
and that this had been reduced to
12,000 over some years. Hurley added
"any further reduction cannot be made
without serious Jeopardy to the immedi
ate and future safety of the country.”
$500,000,000 RELIEF
_(Continued From First Page.)_
to the States, is wholly inadequate. Mr.
Murphy stated that direct relief to the
States is absolutely necessary.
In the delegation with Mayor Murphy
were Mayor Ray T. Miller, Cleveland;
Mayor James Curley, Boston; Mayor
Dan Hoan, Milwaukee; Mayor W. A.
Anderson, Indianapolis; George Welsh,
city manager of Grand Rapids, Mich.,
and J. M. Walmsley, New Orleans.
Because of the early meeting hour of
the Senate today, Chairman McNary
of the Agriculture Committee, post
poned until tomorrow a committee ses
sion to take up his resolution authoriz
ing distribution of 50.000,000 bushels of
Farm Board wheat for relief.
Action on the Gamer bill yesterday
came after a motion by Representative
Hawley (Republican, of Oregon > to
send the bill back to committee with
instructions to adopt the administra
tion proposals, was defeated, 218 to 183.
Ten Democrats bolted their party on
the Anal vote, while 21 Republicans
and the lone Farmer-Laborite—Kvale
of Minnesota—cast their votes for the
Garner program. An omnibus amend
ment proposed by Majority Leader
Rainey to perfect the measure and per
mit the Reconstruction Finance Cor
poratipn to lend funds to corporate
bodies for the erection of dwellings was
Democrats voting against passage
were; Cannon. Lozier and Romjue of
Missouri; Ayres of Kansas, Jones of
Texas. Ludlow of Indiana, Morehead
and Shallenberger of Nebraska. Par
sons of Illinois and Polk of Ohio.
Republicans voting for passage were:
Adkins of Illinois, Amlie, Boileau, Nel
son, Schneider and Withrow of Wis
consin; Butler of Oregon, Chrlstgau,
Maas. Nolan and Pittenger of Min
nesota; Crail, Swing and Welch of
California: Garber of Oklahoma. Horr
1 of Washington, James of Michigan,
Kelly of Pennsylvania, La Guardia of
New York, Sinclair of North Dakota,
Taylor of Tennessee.
Representatives Reid (Republican, of
Illinois) was paired for the bill with
Representative Chase (Republican, of
Pennsylvania) against.
As the measure went to the Senate
it provided $100,000,000 to be distrib
uted by President Hoover for direct
relief, an Increase of $3,000,000,000 in
the reconstruction corporation's capital,
and a $1,200,000,000 public building and
waterway construction program to pro
vide employment.
Lord Brentford Succumb*.
LONDON, June 8 (/Pi —Lord Brent
ford. the former Sir William Joynson
Hicks. who was home secretary in the
Baldwin cabinet of 1924-29, died today
at his London home. He was 67.
Panama Canal Traffic Drops.
PANAMA CITY. June 8 OP).—Only
one ship went through the Panama
Canal yesterday, the lowest volume of
traffic in 10 years. Two other vessels,
bound from the Pacific to the Atlantic,
anchored overnight in ^atun Lake.
Hearings on Mapes Measure
Resumed Today After
Kean Attack.
With a score of witnesses to be heard,
the Senate District Committee this
afternoon resumed public hearings on
the Mapes bill providing an income tax
for the District as a substitute for the
present tax on intangible personal
At the initial hearing yesterday after
noon Senator Kean of New Jersey ques
tioned the wisdom of adopting an in
come tax law at this time in view of ex
isting economic conditions.
Senator Kean pointed out that in
formation furnished by experts indi
cates the Income of the people of the
United States this year will be far be
low the 1931 income. “It seems to be
that under those circumstances." he
said, “you won’t get much outTif an
income tax.”
Average Salaries Shown.
Senator Kean made his statement
after Thomas P. Murphy, assistant chief
of the United States Bureau of Effi
ciency, had explained the estimated
amount of revenue the tax was expected
to yield.
Statistics based on an analysis of the
source of individual incomes reported
by returns filed by residents of the Dis
trict from 1925 to 1929. inclusive, were
cited by Murphy to show that the to
tal average salaries for that five-year
period amounted to $245,378,067, and
that the net, after allowing deductions,
amounted to $213,450,162. He said In
comes In the District for the next
two or three years, however, are more
or less a matter of conjecture.
"My thought is." Interposed Senator
Kean, "that conditions throughout the
United States are not any too favorable
for the Introduction of an Income tax.”
In response to questions by Senator
Capper, chairman of the committee,
Murphy said he believed an income tax
would be more equitable than the
present tax on intangibles. He also de
clared the objections to the proposed
income tax raised by the Federation of
Citizens’ Associations, were not well
Action Regarded As Unwise.
The federation had sent to the com
mittee a copy of a resolution adopted
at a recent meeting opposing the income
tax. chiefly on the ground that it would
be unwise to attempt to introduce such
a tax at this time because the amount
that it would yield is uncertain.
Murphy pointed out that the Effi
ciency Bureau, after its exhaustive
study of the Mapes bill, had recom
mended a modified scale of rates fixed
at 1 per cent on the first $10,000 of
net income abo\e the exemption: 2 per
cent on the net income between $10,000
and $25,000; 3 per cent on the net in
come between $25,000 and $50,000, and
4 per cent on the net income over
$50 000. The bureau, he said, also sug
gested certain changes designed to
make the law more equitable and to
facilitate administration of the tax.
Records of the tax assessor's office
show that the intangible tax will yield
approximately $2,547,000 for the cur
rent fiscal year ending June 30. Mur
phy said, and officials of the District
government anticipate a drop in rev
enues for the 1933 fiscal year from
this tax, if continued, of between $350 -
000 and $400,000. If a change is made
in the tax system, he declared, it is
estimated that an income tax at the
rates suggested by the bureau, would
yield for 1933 approximately the same
revenues as might be expected from the
intangible tax.
Favor Proposed Tax.
Tax Assessor William P. Richards,
and C. A. Russell, deputy tax assessor,
were among the other witnesses. Both
favored the proposed income tax.
Mr. Richards also pointed out that
his office collects about 70 per cent of
the amount of taxable intangibles, a,
larger percentage than most of the j
States having a tax on intangibles. |
Chairman Capper commended the
Declare* He Shot Other Service
Han by Mistake in Darkness of
Abandoned Tunnel.
Br the Associated Press.
HAWTHORNE. New. June 8 —Charles
P. Elroot, Marine Corps private, blamed
fright for the fatal shooting of Ernest
Edwin Reude, 31, also a Marine, in an
abandoned mine they were exploring
Held under guard pending an investi
gation by authorities at the naval muni
tions depot here tomorrow. Elroot said
he fired his rifle four times when an un
explained noise in the darkness of the
tunnel and an object brushing past him
led him to believe a mountain lion was
Ruede was shot through the heart
He enlisted in Brooklyn 10 years ago.
His only relative is Mrs. Martha Glaskis
of Brooklyn. Results of the inquiry will
be announced by the Navy Department
in Washington.
Chicago Police. Suspicious of Many
Handkerchiefs, Sends “Vic
tim’’ to Hospital.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, June 8.—A man who
identified himself as Samuel Pfefler, 34,
a World War veteran of Kansas City,
was found yesterday in a box car In a
railroad yard with his hands and feet
tied with handkerchiefs.
He told police he had been kidnaped
in Kansas City Sunday, bound, and
thrown into the box car in which he
was brought to Chicago.
But police doubted his story when
they found he had four more handker
chiefs of the same kind as those with
which he was bound in a grip.
Residents of the vicinity said they
had seen Pfeifer on the street Monday.
He was sent to the Psychopathic Hospi
$3,400,000 Reconstruction Corpor
ation Aid Secured by State
By the Associated Press.
CHARLESTON, S. C., June 8.—Julian
Mitchell announced here last night a
loan of $3,400,000 has been obtained
from the Reconstruction Corporation
through the South Carolina State Bank,
of which he is president, to enable the
State of South Carolina t-« pay its
school teachers.
The loan is to be secured by notes
of the State of South Carolina, under
authorization by the last General
Assembly, in anticipation of passage by
Congress of a pending bill broadening
the powers of the Finance Corporation,
Mitchell said.
"Heretofore the State has borrowed
in Northern money markets, but for
some time these have been closed for
such purposes, and it was only through
the Reconstruction Finance Corporation
that the South Carolina State Bank
could arrange such a loan,” he added.
Star Carrier Boys Guests of Theater
FIVE HUNDRED AND SEVENTY carrier boys of The Star, accompanied by the 23 route agents and Galt Bums, cir
culation manager of The Star, were guests of the Rialto Theater last night. “Plame of Mexico,” a tale of Mexican
life, was the feature. The invitations were issued by Rodney Collier of the managerial staff of the picture
house. —Star Staff Photo.
Bankers Will Handle 2-Cent
Levy Which Becomes Ef
fective June 21.
By the Associated Press.
Collection of the new 2-cent tax on
checks, drafts and similar instruments,
which goes into effect on June 21 will
cause no inconvenience to bank de
positors of the country, but will be
handled entirely by the banks.
The Internal Revenue Bureau said
today the banks would pay the tax to
the Treasury at the end of each month.
During the period, the banks will keep
count of the number of checks drawn by
each depositor and at the end of the
month enter the charge against his c
count and inclose a statement in the
depositors canceled checks. Counter
checks which are cashed by the de
positor at the bank are not taxed.
The new postal rates go into effect
next month. The higher rates on sec
ond-class mail become effective on July
1, while the 3-cent rate on first-class
mail Is effective July 6.
Tax experts of the Internal Revenue
Bureau continued today to work out
regulations under which the new billion
dollars in taxes will be collected.
Most of the new excise taxes are
levied upon the manufacturer and will
be collected from that source.
The Revenue Bureau announced the
effective dates of the various revenue
producing provisions of the revenue act
of 1932 as follows:
Income tax—January 1. 1932.
Additional estate taxes—June 6. 1932.
after 5 p.m.
Gift taxes—June 6. 1932. after 5 p.m.
Manufacturers' excise taxes—June 21,
Miscellaneous taxes—June 21, 1932.
Tax on use of boats—July 1. 1932.
The manufacturer, producer or im
porter of the following articles are re
quired to make returns and pay taxes
under the new act:
Lubricating oil. brewer s wort, grape
concentrate, automobile, candy, chew
ing gum. toilet preparations, furs, jew
elry radios, refrigerators, sporting
goods, fire arms, cameras, matches, soft
drinks, tires and tubes, and gasoline.
"Hie bureau announced that the fol
lowing articles of service are also sub
ject to the tax:
Telephone and telegraph messages
electric energy, bank checks, lease of
safety deposit boxes, admission fees,
transportation of oil by pipe lines, and
users of pleasure boats.
Street Improvement Assessments
Under Old Act Are Wiped
i Prom the S 30 Edition of Yesterday s Star 1
The District Commissioners today
swept away most of the remaining
vestiges of the Borland law, assessing
abutting property owners for street im
provements by blanket order cancelling
all assessments under that law-.
The act of February 20. 1931, can
celed all Borland law assessments made
within three years before that act.
There remain some assessments made
more than three years before February
20 1931. on which property owners
have not paid their taxes.
In one of these cases, the District
Court of Appeals yesterday canceled the
assessment and the Commissioners de
cided none of the others would stand.
The Borland law, passed in 1914 and
amended in 1916, based the taxation
on the amount of front footage abutting
the street improvement. Tbe Court of
Appeals in numerous decisions pre
viously had held this an inequitable
method of assessment and the act* of
February 20, 1931. introduced numerous
safeguards designed to eliminate the
inequities developed in the Borland law
assessments. So far this new act has
not been tested out in court.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, June 8 —In a sealed
verdict opened yesterday by Supreme
Court Justice Louis A. Valente, a jury
found a verdict for Clarence A. Pitman
of White Plains, N. Y., in the suit for
$83 000 brought against him by Mrs.
Louise C. Dixon.
Mrs. Dixon, a former maid in the Pit
man household, based her suit against
the 73-year-old nephew of Sir Isaac
Pitman, inventor,of a shorthand system,
on an alleged oral contract made in
1930. Under this contract, she claimed.
Pitman agreed to pay her $300 a month
for the rest of her life to enable her to
write motion picture scenarios.
Testimony at the trial showed Pitman
paid her $39,500 between 1920 and 1928.
His defense was that the agreement was
not based on ‘'filial love,” as Mrs. Dixon
claimed, but was strictly a business ar
rangement whereby he was to receive
half of the proceeds. Pitman testified
he stopped the payment in 1928 when
Mrs. Dixon had failed to sell any scripts.
HOLLYWOOD. Fla., June 8 (IP).—
Gen. Alberto Herrera. Cuban Army
chief of staff and personal representa
tive of President Machado, was wel
comed to United States shores yester
day to participate in the annual en
campment of the Florida United Span
ish War Veterans.
Two Cuban gunboats brought the
Cuban official and his party to Port
Everglades, where a ceremonial ex
change of national salutes was ar

<Continued From First Page.)_
j had asked Fleming to introduce him to
1 Guggenheim. Mrs. McLean says she
later paid Means $104,000 on his promise
to recover the Lindbergh baby.
The Guggenheim phase of the Means
case—as bizarre as the dealings with
Mrs. McLean—was marked at an early
stage by a curious Incident in which a
man with a baby in his arms was found
sitting on the front steps of the Gug
genheim home in Bethesda. The man
left before he could be accosted, running
to a taxicab in which was a woman who
had called to him. The pair, with the
baby, left in the cab.
Col. Guggenheim knew nothing of
Means' negotiations with Mrs. McLean.
Guggenheim is understood to have told
investigators Means repeatedly claimed
he was in communication with the kid
napers and would be able to recover the
baby "shortly."
Means is alleged to have asserted the
kidnapers were afraid cf being tricked
and wanted some "neutral" automobile
available, on signal, to get the baby. A
diplomatic car was suggested, and Col
Guggenheim induced Ambassador Proch
nik to lend his automobile for the pur
Means grew listless in his negotia
tions with Col. Guggenheim as the
transactions with Mrs. McLean grew
more involved, and eventually, hearing
no more from Means. Col. Guggenheim
allowed the matter to drop He had
not been impressed from the first, it
is understood.
Apparently Col. Guggenheim did not
inform Col. Lindbergh of the Means
proposals, preferring to await some
convincing development.
The negotiations with Fleming and
Guggenheim began three days after the
Lindbergh babv was stolen from its
crib. Mrs McLean first approached
Means on March 4.
Jury to Be Locked L'p.
As the trial opened this morning be
fore Justice James M. Proctor in District
Supreme Court opposing counsel began
the laborious task of selecting a jury.
At 11 30 o'clock a jury of 11 men and 1
woman was selected. Judge Proctor
announced it would be locked up during
the trial.
i At the outset five prospective jurors
were challenged when they said they
belonged to the Roman Catholic Church
Questions asked by the court indicated
there would be conflicting testimony by
lay witnesses and a Catholic priest and
Justice Prcctor asked the members of
that faith if they would be more in
clined to believe the testimony of the
priest simply because he held that posi
tion. Ail the jurors replied in the nega
tive and the court held they were quali
fied to serve. Subsequently, however,
they were challenged by counsel.
Only one juror said he had read any
of the Mean's articles, and he was later
excused for another cause. Rover was
being assisted by John M. Keith and
Robert P. Burroughs, special agents of
the Bureau of Investigation of the De
partment of Justice. J. Edgar Hoover,
chief of the bureau, also was present.
Mrs. Means in Court.
In his opening statement Rover said
Means was charged under an Indict- ,
ment of four counts, two alleging em
bezzlement and two grand larceny.
Means, who is represented by Attor- 1
neys J. William Tomlinson and T. Mor
ris Wampler, came to court with his
wife and brother William.
He has admitted receiving the money
from Mrs. McLean, but claims he i
turned it over to a mysterious strang
er. whom he mistook for an authorized
representative of Mrs. McLean, after
the supposed negotiations for the re*
turn of the baby fell through Thi*
man, who is supposed to have identi
fied himself by whispering to Means
the secret code number "11," has dis
appeared and Department of Justice
agents have been unable to locate him.
Mrs. McLean says she has never re
covered any of the money.
Seabury Finishing 25-Page Anal
ysis on Mayor's Right to
Retain Office.
By ihe Associated Press.
NEW YORK. June 8.—The analysis
of testimony relating to Mayor James
J. Walker prepared by Samuel Sea
bury. counsel of the Legislative City
Investigating Committee, who has as
serted the mavor has forfeited his right
to office, will go to Gov. Roosevelt late
today or early tomorrow.
Seabury was still working on the
proofs of his 25-page analysis this aft
ernoon and was uncertain whether he
could finish in time to get the docu
ment to Albany tonight. It will be
taken to the capital by a member of
Seabury's staff.
Birch Tells of Police Beating.
Others Heard and State
Rests Case.
The last of the “police brutality"
cases was called for trial today before
Justice F. D. Letts, with Arthur T.
Fihelly, detective sergeant, charged with
a simple assault on Joseph W. Birch,
a carpenter, of 1610 Thirty-third street
The alleged attack occurred September
6, 1930. while Birch was held as a
suspect at the old No. 6 precinct on
New Jersey avenue.
All other cases growing out of the in- |
vestigation of third-degree methods
have been tried before a jury, but At- j
torney William E. Leahy, representing •
Fihelly, applied to Justice Letts to try
the case both as court and jury. The
request was granted.
Man and Wife Heard.
Assistant United States Attorney John
R Fitzpatrick called as witnesses Ray
mond D. Whalen and his wife Cora,
who resided next door to the Birch
home and who testified Birch exhibited
to them bruises following his release
Arvinc Jackson, colored, also testified
Birch had shown him the bruises im
mediately after his release.
Birch told of the coming to his home
cf Fihelly and officers named Hoskinson
and Murray and said they told him
they wanted him to go with them.
Birch said he was questioned by the
three officers at the station and while
Fihelly stood directly in front cf him.
insisting that he tell the truth, the wit
ness said "he suddenly struck me twice
cn the heart and once on the left Jaw.”
He was released several days later.
Remembers Only Beating.
Tender cross-examination, Birch ad
mitted he did not ask the officers why
they were taking him into custody and
did not learn until later at the station
that he had been implicated by cne
William Sullivan, who was being held
for a number cf robberies in George
town. He was unable to tell the various
places where the officers took him about
the city to have him identified and
finally admitted that all he could re
member was that he was beaten.
The prosecution rested its case shortly
after Sullivan, a convict, brought from
the Atlanta Penitentiary, had refused
to give any testimony. Sullivan, wi©
had told police Birch had been im
plicated with him in a number of rob
beries. clelmed that he would incrimi
nate himself if required to testify. The
court excused him.
Proctor L. Dougherty, former District
Commissioner, was among the char
acter witnesses offered by the defense.
Others were Richmond B. Keech, peo
ple's counsel, and Inspector Ogden T.
Davis of the Police Department.
Fihelly may take the stand in his
defense later today.
James J. Thorpe Asks Washington
Police to Look for 15-Year
. Old Boy.
A 15-year-old bov who accompanied
his father to Washington on the
"bonus march” because the youth has
no other home than his father pro
vides was being sought here today.
James J. Thorpe told police he left
his son, William, at the corner of
Twelfth street and Pennsylvania ave
nue Monday while he went to the Vet
erans- Bureau. He said the youth was
in company with another veteran, who
had ridden to Washington with them
from Newr Jersey.
Grandview, Wash., Business Men
Wire It Is Not Needed and De
mand Drastic Economy.
By the Associated Press.
GRANDVIEW, Wash.. June 8.—Com
mercial Club members, at a meeting
Monday, instructed their secretary to
wire protests to Washington congres
sional delegates at the proposal of the
Garner bill to bestow a $70,000 post
office on the town.
Grandview club members declared the
post office is not needed, but what the
district does want is for Congress to
cut out all costs possible, eliminate un
necessary governmental functions and
adjourn. This will be the best way to
restore business, they asserted.
Each Dollar Invested In Your Home
Now Will Save Many Later
Even though you live in'an apartment you can
invest in your home now. A new piece of
furniture, a new rug, perhaps a kitchen cabinet
or table. Every one can invest in the home
now. It is your privilege—it is your obligation.
A Dollar Saved Is a Dollar Earned
Mathias of Frederick Tes
tifies as to Guarantors’
Special Dispatch to The Star.
CUMBERLAND. Md., June 8 —
Charles M. C. C. Mathias, vice president
of Central Trust Co, Frederick, was
put cn the stand today at the trial of
Emory L. Coblentz, president of the
bank, charged with accepting a deposit
when he knew the bank was insolvent,
to explain dealings of the Guarantors'
Investment, made up largely of bank
officials, with the parent bank. Mathias
is treasurer of the Guarantors' Invest
ment. State's Attorney James Clark
read a number of items and Mathias
was asked to explain, the questions also
covering some Investments of the Blue
Ridge Investment Co. Regarding the
Columbia Construction Co. note in
dorsed by Mr. Coblentz, Mathias admit
ted it had been in the bank for several
years. This was a little company he
and Coblentz had formed to build houses
in Baltimore.
Following litigation, the affairs of the
company were wound up in 1923 This
note of $3,500 was transferred to the
Blue Ridge Investment Co. It was
always the understanding that Mr.
Coblentz was to pay this ncte.
Switching of Shares.
Mathias was quizzed as to the state
ment of the Guarantors’ Investment as
of July 31. 1931, covering a series of
notes they took up as an accommoda
tion to Mr. Coblentz, in which there
was much switching of shares and put
ting up as collateral with banks and
banking houses. The witness explained
items regarding the disposition or loca
tion of bonds, coupons and securities.
Mathias was questioned at some
length regarding a note for $150,000
made by Samuel J. Henry. He said
Henry was an officer of the F. H. Smith
Co , Washington, and no interest had
been paid on the note for at least two
years. He said Henry had never re
pudiated obligations, and he thought
the note, which originally was for
$180,000, was good.
He said the Massachusetts avenue lot
in Washington, on which there was a
trust note for $23,000. was handled at
a loss and the equity was wiped out.
In answer to a question as to when
the Guarantors' Investment began bor
rowing from Central Trust Co., he said,
"about Marrh 20, 1930.”
The liability ledger of the Central
Trust was then taken up, showing the
first loan to the Guarantors' Invest
ment was $50,000 and it grew to over
When asked as to his net worth on
September 2, 1931, Mathias said it was
sufficient to meet his obligations. He
said he owed the Central Trust Co.
directly $120,000 and indirectlv about
Objection Ii Overruled.
The court, after a half hour suspen
sion yesterday afternoon for consulta
tion in chambers, overruled an objec
tion by the defense to the admission of
certain financial publications in the
evidence which show ask and bid quota
tions on securities, both listed and un
listed. held on Washington real estate
as assets of the Central Trust Co. and
its subsidiaries, the Central Securities
Co. These publications are to be con
sulted only in so far as they pertain to
items In evidence and from the period
January 1, 1931, to September 21, 1931,
two days before the bank closed.
Chief Judge D. Lindley Sloan, quot
ing authorities, said the court was not
to be denied any reliable source of In
formation over a fair range in order to
ascertain value.
The controversy arose when Thomas
Ray Gaither of W. W. Lanahan & Co..
Baltimore, investment brokers, took the
stand and financial publications and
market reports were produced. These
were to give value of unlisted securities
by showing bid and asking prices.
When Gaither said that the bid price
would be the price accepted as the
value, the objection of the defense was
registered, holding that the State should
show actual transactions where particu
lar bonds were sold.
The National Corporation Bonds
Summary and the Bank and Quotation
Record as part of the Financial and
Commercial Chronicle were admittfd.
The court sustained the objection,
however, to the admission of Moodv’a
Manual of Investments in connection
with pages referring to the Wardman
Realty and Construction Co. and the
Wardman Real Estate Properties Co..
Inc., which showed set-ups, but did net
give prices. The defense claimed the
Wardman senior and junior debenture*
are already in evidence. The State
averred it had proved the value of the
senior bonds and the set-up was to
show the junior bonds were not as good
as the seniors. In this connection the
State offered two deeds of trust in
evidence. The defense offered objection
to the testimony of Baither generally
and specifically to the unlisted se
Christianity and Communism
Rivals, Lecturer Says.
NEW YORK. June 8 UP).—China i*
at the cross-road* between Christianity
and communism. Dr. Harry Cotton of
Columbus. Ohio, declared before the an
nual conference of the Board of For
eign Missions of the Presbyterian
Dr. Cotton, Joseph Cook lecturer for
the board, explained that the choice
was all the more actue because young
Chinese were Impatient for a greater
place for China in world affairs. The
Moscow example, he said, was tempting.
By the United States Marine Band
this evening at the United States Cap
itol at 7:30 o’clock. Capt. Taylor Bran
son, leader
Grand march. “Militaire”.Tschalkowsky
Overture. "Leonore” (No. 3).Beethoven
Characteristic, "Parade in the Fairy
Wood" .Noack
Grand scenes from Cavalleria Rusti
cana ’ .Mascagni
Waltz. “Jolly Fellows".Vollstedt
Trio for cornets, "Three Kings".. Smith
Musicians Winfred Kemp, Nicholas Clc
chese and Frederick Wilken.
Solo for xylophone, “Caprice Vien
nois” .Kreisler
Musician William D. Kieffe'.
"Entrance of the Guests in the Wart
burg,” from "Tannhauser".. .Wagner
Marines’ Hymn, "The Halls of Monte
“The Star Spangled Banner.”
By the United States Navy Band this
evening at the bandstand, navy yard, at
7:30 o'clock. Lieut. Charles BenUi.
leader: Alex Morris, assistant leader.
March. “Comalrons”.Benter
Overture. “Tannhauser”.Wagner
Solo for baritone, "The Bubble Song,”
Musician Jean Manganaro.
Spanish suite, "A Sevillian Festival,”
“March of the Toreadors.”
Excerpts from the musical comedy
"The Cat and the Fiddle”.Kern
Grand scenes from the opera “La Bo
heme” .Puccini
Velse, "Invitation to the Dance,”
Von Weber
"Bedouin Love Song".Pinsute
“Andantino" .Lemare
March, "King Cotton".Sousa
“Anchors Aweigh.”
"The Star Spangled Banner."

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