Newspaper Page Text
THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON, D. C. THURSDAY. ..June 9, 1932 THEODORE W. NOYES-Editor The Erenlng Star Newspaper Company Business Office: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Ave. Mev York Office 110 Eaat 42nd 6t. Chicago Office: Lake Michigan Building. European Office 14 Regent ftt.. London* England. Rate by Carrier Within the City. The Evening Star.45c per month The Evening and Sunday Star (when 4 Sundays) .60c per month The E/ening and Sunday Star (when 5 Sundays) .65c per month The Sunday Star .. ... 5c per copy Collection made at the end ci each month Orders may be sent In by mall or telephone NAtlonal 5000 _ Rate by Mail—Payable In Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Dally and Sunday.1 yr.. $10 00; 1 mo . 85c Daily only .1 yr., $6 00; 1 mo . 50c Sunday only .1 yr.. 84 00; 1 mo., 40c All Other States and Canada. Dally and Sunday. 1 yr . %\? 00- 1 mo., $1 00 Dally only .1 yr . 18.00. 1 mo.. 7.-»c fljnday cnly . 1 yr.. $5 00. 1 mo.. 5v)c ^Member of the .* ~ '.ated Press. The Associated Pit exclusively entitled to the use for repubh rt»ion of all news clis ratchrs credited to u or not otherwise cred ited in this paper and also the toral news published herein. All rights of publication of special dispatches herein are also reserved The District Appropriation Bill. As the Senate Appropriations Com mittee points out in its report on the District appropriations bill, the rec ommended Federal contribution of $8. 550.000 “dees r.ct reflect an equi table settlement" of the fiscal relations uestion, but carries out the Senate's policy, dictated by need for drastic Fed eral retrenchment in all expenditures, of cutting Federal expenditures by 10 per cent. The amount recommended by the Senate committee for this ypar alone is not to be regarded, therefore, even in the light of a compromise figure. It does not represent the equitable contribution bv the Federal Government in this or any other year. It is an amount ar rived at by an arbitrary process of re duction adopted by the Senate in the name of economy and in the apparent belief that it is the only practical expedi ent that can be made to work. And while it corrects in a degree the obvious Inequities and the practical defects of i the drastic reduction in the lump sum proposed by the House, which would cripple the municipal government and threaten the local community with ex- i tortionate taxation, it is to be regarded ! only as a temporary expedient. The Senate Subcommittee on Dis- j trict Appropriations recommended a 1 Federal lump sum for this year of | S3 0.183.391 this amount being based , on the Bureau of Efficiency's estimate I of the Federal Government s obliga- ! tion as a mythical taxpayer, plus ob ' ligations arising from other considera tions of the unusual character of the Federal City. That figure would more nearly represent the equitable Federal obligation—under the lump sum prin ciple — although the formula upon which it is bas 'd docs not adequately cover the many factors that would go Into its finnl determination. The cut of SI.633.'91 under this amount, ordered j by the full committee, is partial indi- | cation of the extent to which the harsh ! dictates of Federal economy have been applied to the District bill. By its increase over the House figure ■ the Senate committee has been able to j accomplish two things. The local budget, unbalanced by a falling of! of local revenues and from the unprecedented slashes made by the i House, has been restored to approxi mate balance. Essentially important items, elimi-1 Mated by the House, hate been restored, and a disruption or paralysis of mu nicipal work prevented. Elsewhere in The Star's columns today th'se restored items are do- j scribed. It is with satisfaction that! the local community notes among them the item cf $600,000 "payable from the revenues of the District of Columbia” for in? relief of residents of this city •'unemployed or otherwise in distress j because of the ex.st.ng emergency, to J be expended by the Board of Public I Welfare * * * by loan employment or direct relief, under rules rnd regula- j tiens to be prescrib'd by the Board of j Conr.y i ners.” Frr that, fund affords a ncrecrcry guarantee against what | easily might become a disastrous si ua tion with which the people of Wash ington would be powerless to d'al Identification proceeds in an effort to locate Gaston B Means as opp who does bad deeds and does not blush to find them fame. Herriot Takes the Helm. Edcuard Herriot lias resumed the French premiership at a far graver hour than when he occupied it eight years ago. Europe in 1924. with the Briand-Stresemann policies crystal'izing into promise, seemed headed for a period of political tranquillity and improved economic conditions. Today unrest and uncertainty are manifest in every direc tion. International animosities go hand in hand with financial chaos, which in Central and Eastern Europe has reached the stage of national bankruptcy for several countries. No nation has a greater interest than France in the rise of Hitlerism and the recrudescence of militarist-monarchist sentiment in Ger many. To take the helm in Paris at such a moment is a responsibility de signed to test the mettle of a Metter nich. a Bismarck and a Disraeli rolled into one. On the eve of thr Lausanne Con ference. M. Herriot signalizes liis re turn to power by winning a heavy vote of confidence in the French Chamber for its reparations and dis armament program. It is the program on which the victorious Radical-So cialist coalition asked the French elec torate to intrust it with office. The Herriot government, in accordance with its campaign pledges, declares it will s~ek peace, economic and financial sta bility and the reduction cf armament expenditures within the limits of se curity. These are. of course, broad gen eralities. yet in asking the Chamber this week to sustain him in beating I words into deeds. M. Herriot presented the aspect of a statesman who means business. He specifically committed himself to pursuing the policies and nims of Aristide Briand. Either at Geneva, whither he is shortly proceed ing to lend a more conciliatory hand toward disarmament than An.drc Tar dieu put forwT.-d. cr rt Lr.u-.cnnc later In the rcrii. T— ■ Kcrridt will ttibmit ns 'aiz .. i..o 1." ulii * i ■ matum. How far he will be prepared to make concessions will naturally be determined by circumstances. The important and the hopeful thing Is that the new leader of France reveals himself uhmlstakably as liberal, pro gressive and open-minded. Two passage* from M. Herriot’s state ment to the Chamber are revealing: Regarding reparations. France can not permit those rights to be contested which are the outcome not only of treaties, but of contractual agreements protected by the honor of the signa tories. If the world is withdrawn from the sovereignty of law, it must sooner or later fall under the empire of force. In affirming that principle the gov ernment of the republic is conscious of defending no egotistical privileges, but universal Interests. For the rest, it is ready to discuss any project, to take any initiative which will produce the compensation of greater world stability or loyal reconciliations in peace. M. Harriot defined his armament pol icy in terms no less precise: In accord with the covenant of the League of Nations, the fundamental chart for the future, and in the spirit of the pact of Paris, we shall seek se curity. not for ourselves alone, but for all nations, all of which, small or great, have equal claims in our eyes. Within this general framework the Government will favor all solutions, even those which are partial, which, without compromising national security, will permit the lightening of military charges and represent a step toward progressive, simultaneous and controlled disarmament. At once, so as to associ ate itself with this effort, the govern ment will put In force all possible econ omies which can be undertaken with out imprudence. #Roosevelt and the Walker Case. Samuel Seabury, counsel for the Legislative Committee investigating af fairs in Greater New York, has filed with Gov. Roosevelt the evidence taken by that committee in respect to the conduct of Mayor Walker, with fifteen virtual, though not formal, charges of malfeasance and non feasance. He specifically states that he acts In his individual capacity as a citizen and not as a representative of or as counsel to the committer. He places the record-before the Gov ernor. as he did in the case of Sheriff Farley, for the information of the State executive for such action as he may deem just and proper in the premises. This presentation of the case is at the implied invitation of the Gov ernor, who recently in a statement challenged the counsel of the com mittee to "stop talking and do some thing." In his letter to the Governor Judge Seabury recites ;n brief the substance of the testimony, which in dicates. as he expresses it, that the mayor has "conducted himself in a manner so far unbecoming the high office which he holds as to render himself unfit to continue in the office of mayor." In the orderly procedure in this case the Governor will probably first ac quaint himself with the nature of the testimony. He may yien, without fur ther hearing, decide that there is no evidence of improper conduct on the part of the mayor and dismiss the case. Or, as is more likely, he may cite the mayor to present his defense and then require the accuser to appear at a hearing to justify his charges, with opportunity for the mayor to re fute liis arguments. Public interest outside of New York as well as within the State centers upon the effect that the disposal of this case may have upon the Governor's political fortunes. He is the outstanding candi date for the Democratic nomination for President. The convention of the party will be held in Chicago June 27. two weeks from next Monday. In ordinary circumstances there would be no haste in reaching a decision. The question of moment now is whether the Governor will rush the proceedings. To do so would be an acknowledgment that his consideration of the case is coupled with his candidacy. To allow the mat ter to take the usual course, with ade quate time allowed for a full perusal of the testimony and a proper period granted to the accused mayor for reply and for a chance to meet his accuser at the final hearing, would postpone ac tion until after the convention has ad journed. If Gov. Roosevelt is nomi nated at Chicago and this case remains for action afterward it will figure in the national campaign. There is no escaping a political effect unless the Chicago convention chooses another candidate than Franklin D. Roosevelt. So widely exploited is the Walker case as a matter of national interest that it is inescapably connected with the Roosevelt candidacy—for the nomi nation and for election in the event of nomination. Dismissal of the mayor is certain to create an intense hostility to the Governor on the part of the domi nant political party in New' York City, possibly to the end of costing him the electoral votes of his own State in No vember. On the other hand, such action would perhaps win him support else where. Just as failure to dismiss the n’ • or would cost the Governor votes in the country at large, without surely balancing this loss in New York itself. It is, indeed, a Pandora's box that has been placed upon the desk of the Gover nor of New York. Congressmen arc frankly puzzled about what to do concerning the bonus situ ation. The topic is extraordinary, but the state of mind is not unusual. The Timbre of Time. Tlie years are like harp strings drawn taut across the face of a planet as a rounding board. Upon them the winds of light are playing a wild, strange melody, whose fundamentals are Winter and Summer. Springtime and harvest. But these tones of the harp of time have an infinitely complex timbre. Hidden un der the major vibrations are a vast intricacy of secondary' pulsations which give to the song of nature its un earthly, mystical quality. There are the inexplicable, intangible rhythms underlying the majestic march of Win ter's white blizzards and June's flood tide of rose petals. Tliere are the in finitely more complex minor vibrations of the emotions of mankind, of birth and love and death, of jesting and prayer. This strange song of life has re mained through the ages incompre hensible to the mind of man, itself a part of the rhythm. It has transcended man. He has been able, at the best, to catch stray fragments of the melody in the noblest flights of the inspiration of the poet, the musician, the mathe matician, the metaphysician. He has heard the fundamentals. The secondary vibrations have escaped him. But one v.onders if Dr. Charles G. I Abbot, secretary of the Smithsonian In- j stitutlon, In a modest way. has not opened the path to a clearer under standing by inventing a machine which, far better and more accurately than the mind itself, can analyze these vi brations of time and detect the hidden secondaries under the fundamentals which are responsible for the mystical timbre. It may well constitute the corner stone of new science. With the aid of this machine Dr. Abbot has succeeded in drawing out of the complex of climate, all in the course of a few months, numerous hidden frequencies, minor wave-motions within the major wave motion of the seasons. But there may be just such in j tangible minor vibrations within the major vibrations of all the phenomena of nature. The progression of birth and death iollows some similar pattern. Depres sion and elation, there is reason to be lieve. are regularly alternating phases of the same pattern. It runs through history with the crests of peace and the i deep troughs of war. It runs through [ the mind of the ages with such alter nating periods as the intense and fruit ! ful activities of the Elizabethan era | giving way to the dull sterility of the Restoration. t Can the p:riodometer, perhaps great ly improved, split into tneir constitu ent parts the strange timbres of these tones which make up the weird song of time? Men may be approaching a far clearer understanding of them than ever has been possible during the long ages of the race. This may be a long step forward toward a knowledge of those hidden natural laws which con trol mankind but of which it has, at the best, only a vague consciousness. Radio needs no advertising of itself and as a matter of public newsservice is en titled to the announcement that now Is the time to buy new tubes and have the general mechanism overhauled. Con vention time approaches and the vast audience may look for programs more interesting even than concerts and repartee. A peculiar phase of solicitude may arise in conventions because so many visitors to this city are now writing long and earnestly to family and friends In stead cf sending post cards and souve nirs. Familiaipty of address is usually a sign of popular approval. There is something slightly ominous in the grow ing tendency to refer to the Mayor of New York as ‘ Mister" Instead of I Jimmy." ---1 I — Decision of Senator Borah to remain away front the convention may be due to , a courteous disinclination to dash cold water on any wet program that may be regarded as advantageous. If Mr Rockefeller can persuade both national parties to combine against th? eighteenth amendment he will effect one of the most remarkable mergers yet recorded by history. Political scientists have decided to have the old oaken bucket's contents ahalyzed to make sure there are no un-! desirable economic germs. SHOOTING STARS. i BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. Too Easily Dismissed. When promises that were so gay Meet with reverses sad We smile too carelessly and say That it was 'just too bad!" But hearts arc ever beating strong With purpose far from slight. Never forgetful of the wrong Until it is made right. The memories bring us deep dismay Of sorrows we have had. Yet who shall find no more to say Than it was "just too bad!" Overshadowing. Have you studied the eighteenth amendment?" "Certainly." answered Senator Sor ghum. "I am like most of us. I have j studied that particular paragraph so | much that I have almost forgotten ! about the remainder of the magnificent I document." Jud Tunkins says the bonus march i ers who come along into this Bicehten nial don't look as if they were dressed for a holiday—but neither did George Washington's aimy. New Entries. ; With beer demands still growing bold, Da:k horses may be able i To tu"n that brewery so old Into a racing stable. Business Babv. "Is little Willie sulking?” I "Not exactly. He's on strike. His par , cuts regard him as a prodigy and he j won’t say anything for fear it might be j clever. You see his parents recently ■ sold one of his bright sayings to a magazine for a dollar and neglected to divide up with him." “’Doss it matter greatly what kind of money v.e have," asked Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatown, "if we can make or grow j what v.e need and depend but little on traffic?" __ I Economy. We may have to doff clothes that look funny And stay home from the pugilist row. But the future is sunny. We'll save up our mcney And balance the budget, somehow! "A tricky man," said Uncle Eben. "goes on tryin' to be smarter an' smarter till finally he fools even hisse'f." Can hut Doesn’t. From the Florence «Ala > Herald. A scientist says a mosquito can fly 14 , hours without alighting. But it seldom ; does. Counter Irritant. I From the Schenectady Gazette. It would be more endurable if some eloquent genius could make us think it: a depression to end depressions. It .Might Have Been. From the Hamilton (Ohio! Evening Journal. Had that Hawaiian hailstorm come several years sooner it might have checked the ukulele scourge before it got out of control. » ■ — ■■ After the Operation. 1 From the Indnnapolis News. Ycu can’t tell any more what a tax bi'l ;i oks like until the bandages are removed. THIS AND THAT BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL. One of the best ways to pose as a Rose Expert 1* to pretend that you do not think Red Radiance much of a flower. Admit that it is “very nice,” but In sinuate that it is far surpassed by soma rare bushes you possess. Talk about its "Miserable short fctems,” and deciars, Wth a knowing air, that it "bullnoses” in wet weather. Then go into any garden in which this old reliable Is well grown, and ad mit to yourself that for all-around gar den satisfaction there is no rose bush to touch it! There can be little doubt that Red Radiance far surpasses its older sister, Radiance. Both in habit of bush and beauty of flower, the red variety is superior. It is, above all, tha amateur garden er's stand-by; he should never" feel downcast for a second when someone attempts to "damn it with faint praise.” There are many approaches to rose growing. Not every one can take the same path, nor is it necessary or desirable he should. Walt Whitman said of himself, "I am large. I contain multitudes." The rose world may more truthfully make the same claim, for there is in it something for every home owner. It is a curious trait, found in many flower lovers, that once a certain plant becomes widespread they lose interest in it The question remains: Did they ever have any Interest in it? Thus some profess to see nothing lovely in the old favorite gladiolus, Mrs. Frank Pendleton. Immediately they being to sing the praises of some variety which is new to the market, and whose bulb costs $2. In a few years, if the new variety has one-half the real worth and charm of Mrs. Pendleton, its corm will be selling for 10 cents, too. and these floral snobs will be off on a new trail of something so new that it is neces sarily expensive. No more striking instance could be et\cn. perhaps, of the false hold which the acquisition of money has on the American mind than this worship of the thoroughly new and thoroughly ex pensive, to the detriment of good old things whose only fault is that they are now known and beloved by millions. t In the rose world the victim ©f this sort of thing is at his—or her—worst. Every gardener knows some one per son. at least, who makes a vast pro terse ol keeping up with the new roses. nny one ma.v secure a catalogue oi rcsrs and shortly become an "expert” on the latest things in the field. Wheth er the new plants will be as good as the old ones, in the long run of actual experience, not even their originators would dare to say. They hope they will. They have done their best, with na tures kind help, to give the flower-lov ing world a new tint, or a new combi nation of tones, or a real old-time fra grance in a bud which formerly knew it net. They attempt to make climbers, which normally bloom but once, break forth into blossom at several times dur ing the growing seasori. They search the world for new bushes, in the hope that in the end they may equal, if possible, the popu larity of Red Radiance! In the meantime the sensible grower goes right ahead planting this fine bush for the sake of its flowers, its shapely bush, and its sturdy, healthy growth. He plants it. above all, for grower satisiaction. And bv grower, of course, we mean the average home owner, that person v.no is by no means interested in his plants to the exclusion of the other af fairs of life, nor in raising roses to the detriment of other types of flowers. He has neither the time, the patience nor the desire to devote his entire gardening energies to coddling rose bushes. He knows, from some years' experi ence, that the real rosarlan must do just that. The true rosarlan will not mind. To him there is no flower in the world to equal the rose, and he is prepared to spray and fertilize and devote count less hours to difficult varieties. Our average gardener, for whom sole ly we speak, agTees with the rosarlan that the rose Is "the queen of flowers." To him, however, she is a difficult queen, a too exacting flower, In many ways, to receive the tribute from his hands which she expects. This man may call himself a rosarian. too. if an honest admiration for roses makes him such. We believe that the American Rose Society would agree to this definition. He is not the dyed-ln-the-wool sort, however, and so much he will be will ing to admit. After a determined attempt to grow roses well—the only way they should be grown, of course—he has come to the decision that many varieties are too much trouble. This decision, being an essentially honest one. is not openly expressed by many amateur gardeners, who would agree with him In private nevertheless. Not for gardening worlds could he get them to admit that "the growing of some roses is too much trouble,” in I plain words. inis gives uiem one oi ine cnances ! which some folks, ever ready to seize opportunity when It comes their way, never miss. "What!" they declare. "Beautiful! roses too much trouble! Of course, if ! cne doesn't want roses——” ! Go visit their gardens, and the - chances are the visitor will find far | poorer rases, and fewer, than In the garden of the honest man who says, because he knows, that some roses*are simply too much trouble for him to grow. They may not be such a trial and tribulation to another, but they are to him, and so In the end he begins to "weed out" his rose beds, getting rid of those varieties which show them selves too susceptible to black-spot and the like. He pins his faith on Red Radiance. There is a rose for you! With a minimum of trouble, expense and worry, it delivers at once a neat bush and scores of beautiful flowers. These only, of course, when certain requirements are met. These are proper pruning, fertilizer and lack of water. All roses are camels, growing best . when thirsty, but scarcely another is such a '‘dry” as the Red Radiance. The less water it gets the better it does Wc mean little water not only on the foliage, which dry state tends to keep down tlie dreaded 'black-spot,” but also little at the roots. More gardeners ruin good roses by too much watering than by too little. Red Radiance is a beauty which de mands but one thorough soaking a year, and 'hat is in early Spring, after the pruning, which must be within a few inches of the ground. i The more one prunes Red Radiance , the better It grows. ,For large flowers of the proper color— I and many affect to sneer at this rose1 because they have never seen its blooms with the true coloration—there is. per haps, nothing quite so good as blood meal. Applied generously when the growing season begins, this fertilizer will make good canes and good flowers as nothing else will, especially on Red Radiance And Red Radiance .seems to thrive bet ter on blood meal than many other varieties. It has a “taste” for it. finds it its own food and blooms accordingly. To be right. Red Radiance, as most roses, must get the sun all day long. "Dry. and warm, and beautiful.” Is its motto. Highlights on the Wide World Excerpts From Newspapers of Othct Lands ----- I El L UNIVERSAL. Mexico. D F — 4 This capital, with a population exceeding a million persons, has J long been considered one of the most interesting and beautiful cities of the world. Its public build ings are for the most part modern in style, but show a European, rather than a North American, influence They are ornamental, as well as convenient in design, and some of them are con structed almost entirely of marble and other stone. Some of them remind us. for all their solid masonry, of fairy palaces, while older buildings, of the Spanish colonial period, built both of stone and wood, perpetuate all the charm and romance of the epoch that gave them birth. The churches, convents and monas teries are particularly impressive, and prove that the old Spanish conquista dores were masters of the chisel and trowel as well as of the fire-lock and sword. Then there are. too. along with these, many structures of the conven tional Mexican type, one or two stories in height, and made of adobe, comfort able and substantial lor all their sim plicity and inexpensiveness. Cool in Summer and warm when more rigorous days or seasons threaten, they are typical of the architecture in every town of the republic. And as in its buildings, so in its peo ple. Mexico City is truly cosmopolitan. Every race of mankind is represented there, and of some nationalities there are large colonies, all living in har mony and security under the Mexican banner with its red. white and green. The Mexican constitution has con stantly extended the prerogatives of life, liberty and possessions to all with in her boundaries, and the disputes and disorders of a few dpcades ago are now only historic memories. Mexico City has acquired modernity without losing its fascination. And there is still an oc casional burro to be seen upon her streets. * * * » Irish Complain About l'. S. Postal Rates. Irish Independent. Dublin.—Com plaints have been m-dc that the recipients in Ireland of letters addressed to them from New York bearing a 2 ccnt stamp have had to pay 3d. extra postage on delivery here. An Irish Independent representative was officially informed by the postal authorities in Dublin that as the United States Government has Increased the postal rate between America and the Free State, a 2-cent stamp is not suf ficient now for the conveyance of a let ter from New York to here, and on a letter which bore a 2-cent stamp the extra postage was charged on delivery here. The Irish Free State had not in creased the postal rate to America. Envoy May Quit Because of Dog's Death. La Opinion. Santo Domingo.—The envoy of Great Britain to Venezuela. Senor W. E. O'Reilly, Is at this moment disposed to surrender his ambassadorship in consequence of a vehement dispute he has had with the Venezuelan ministry of foreign relations anent the death cf his \aluable mastiff. Last October the municipal health department of Caracas had em powered an ordinance stipulating that all dogs allowed upon the streets of the capital must be provided with a collar and muzzle and that those not so .safeguarded against giving bites would be taken up by the department agents and destroyed. Senor O'Reilly protested the application of this ruling to his mastiff, stating that it was a sedate and gentle dog and had no intention of biting any one. Also that his canine, being an important part of the British legation, was entitled to special privileges. The exception was not granted, but nevertheless Senor O'Reillv continued to allow his I mastiff the liberty or the streets, until ' late in December, when he found it dead—apparently poisoned. Senor O'Reilly immediately trans ported the defunct animal to the offices of the department of health and left it there with a card pinned on it. which read. "Esto es obra de ustedes. Muchas graias!” ("This is your work. Manv thanks!") I No further observation was made 1 by either party to the altercation ' until the month of February, when the Venezuelan ministry cf health advised the British Ambassador that they had considered his message, regarded it as pointed and personal and would appreciate an explanation. This was rendered, but was as little satisfactory as the original allegation. I It was forwarded by the sanitary authorities to the Venezuelan foreign m inis try, which likewise pronounced ! the explanation unacceptable. Seeing that the breach between the repre sentatives of the two governments was likelv to grow worse instead of better. , Senor O'Reilly then solicited the British foreign office to relieve him of . his prst. an eventuality which is likely 1 to be realized. So far as we know, a foreign envoy has nrver before resigned because of the demise of a dog. Artificial Fertilizer A Vital Necessity J l To the Editor of The Star Mr. Henry Ford's otherwise accurate statement of the present need of the United States lacks consideration of one vital factor. Mr. Ford, although entirely blameless in th? matter, is. himself, largely re ;ponsible for the present condition of agriculture and he may well bend his ! efforts toward curing the evil which he has helped to bring about. I He must appreciate that although all wealth originates in the solar radia tions, these are impotent without an earth-born aid. This is furnished by the decomposi tion of organic matters, and without the products of this decomposition, the pro cess of photosynthesis, on which he relies to bring back prosperity through the organization of foodstuffs, cannot go on. I The United States has never replaced even to an approximate extent the ex cess drafts on its agricultural soil, and since the machine age has come to be realized the overdrafts have increased in an appalling ratio. i I have repeatedly pointed out that garbage, sewage residues and other ma terials can and should be used to re place these tremendous losses. | How this is to be done has been' answered by the results of twenty years of research and I am now demonstrat ing the manufacture of material con taining all the elements necessary to plant growth. The raw materials are practically unlimited in quantity and are being and will be delivered at the point of manufacture without cost. Experience shows that this fertilizer can be manufactured. Including over head, at a price at which, if more and cheaper fertilizer really means anything to the Nation or any State or munici pality, the existence of an opportunity is obvious. H. C. GAUSS. Making Copy. From the Santa Monica Evening Outlook. A Philadelphia woman who took a wild airplane ride into Alaska to get material for a book complains that since returning home she has been snubbed. If she viewrs this In the right spirit she will regard it philosophically as mate rial for a second book. The Political Mill By G. Gould Lincoln. It took a world war to get the United States Into prohibition; It apparently is taking a world depression to get the country out of prohibition. Had times remained good, there would have been little threat to political leaders and the political party In power, and with little threat to the party In power the antl-prohlbltlon movement would have made, in all probability, little progress compared to what has happened. The effort Is made by political leaders to keep prohibition divorced from politics. It cannot be done. Even If both the Republican and Democratic National Conventions wrote into their national platforms Identical planks declaring for resubmission of the eighteenth amend ment, prohibition would still continue to be a dominant political Issue In the coming campaign. It would be an Is sue because the wets and the drys would compel each candidate for House and Senate to say whether he stood for repeal of the eighteenth amend ment or preferred Its retention. Fur thermore, It has long been well under stood that the Democrats will nomi nate as their candidate for President a supporter of repeal of the eighteenth amendment. No dry need apply at the Democratic National Convention, which meets June 27 in Chicago. The Re publican candidate for President has so far given no indication that he in tends to support repeal of the eight eenth amendment. * * * * With the gathering of the Republican National Committee in Chicago today preparatory to th-» opening of the G. O. P. National Convention there on Tuesday, the prohibition Issue thrusts itself still more prominently forward For within a few days the Republicans must determine whether they will ac cede to a mounting demand for resub mission of the eighteenth amendment or whether they will stand by the ardent drys and refuse to pledge the G. O. P. to such a program. The argu ment of the drys is that the proponents ot resubmission do not propose ant' alternative plan for the present control of liquor. They are mistaken. The proponents of rrsubmission are for re peal. and repeal means a return to State Instead of national control of the liquor traffic. It will be for the individual States to determine—just as it was before the eighteenth amendment was adopted—whether liquor traffic should be permitted and how controlled. The Federal Government would levy a tax on alcoholic beverages. It would un dertake to see that dry States were nrctected from a flood of liquor from their wet neighbors. That, however, i' as far as Ihe Federal Government would go. The ban ag’imt thp .saloon wouH have to be annlied by the individual State, if it desired su-h a ban. J► * * * •John D Roc!--'feller. j- whose recen* I'tt-r to Dr. Ni-ho'rs Murray Butle-. -u*T'rt ng an out-and-out repeal nlon’: '■ the Republican rational platform has aroused tremendo-s interest, and • vc-J hi- grasp of th- situation so -a th- d-aft of a substitut- for th- ( '■‘-ht'-nth amendment is concerned ; H* —.id: "Tr rrv Judgment it will be so diffi- j nil* for our people to agree in advance n rf-t the -ubstitut- should be. and uo’ihe’’- th-t -nv one method wl'l 1 fit ’he -nti-e f*-t;f-u that rep-rl wi’l h - frr !-• r possible if ccuD'cd with an -’♦--ret- measu-e. For that reason I t;*" more strongly approve the simp’e. r’-r--eut position you <Dr. But’o-i are r-.—-rln- to recommend and which I sh-’i ccunt it not only a duty but a prr j’-o- tp support." No rr'te- what kind of jockeying is c'ore with the national p’atform cf the - Republic-n and Democratic parties on the matter of prohibition, rerubmissicn or repeal. In the final analysis the ' members of Congress who battle for renomiration end re-election ’-ill h-.ve to tpll their constituents whether th-y are for repeal or egainst it. It is th Congressman who has th- ray wh-'h-r a proposal for repeal sir 11 b- sub-* t -d to the States. Undo" the Const’tn'i-n a revision or amendment of the Con- I stitution originate-- vh-n th? Congress I by a two-thirds sot- events r r-srlut’on ] proposing such an am-ndm.cnt to th Constitution. And in th- congressional1 elections the battle will bo won or lost for repeal. * * * * The first of the “Progressives" of the Senate to com* up for re-election this year has been defeated for renomination —Senator Smith W. Brookhart of Iowa. The conservative Republicans in Wis consin are to take a shot this year at Senator John J. Blaine, and out in North Dakota they will seek to unhorse Senator Gerald P. Nye. The conserva tive outfit has taken “first blood" and has set people to wondering if in these hard times the country is not really growing more conservative and 1cm lad'cal minded, more ready to protect what they have left than to take a chance of getting further into trouble by following after will-o'-the-wisp panaceas proposed by the Progressives. In Wisconsin primaries not so long ago the conservative Republicans won a victory, electing a majority of the dele gates to the Republican National Con vention. This hadn’t been done for years. The Progressives say it was be cause so manv 'oters went into the Democratic primary. If these continue to vote with the Democrats, however, they will not help Mr. Blaine next September. ★ * * * The wet-and-dry issue did not crop up openly in the fight between Senator Brookhart and Henry Field, the seed man in the Iowa senatorial primary. Held has been considered dry. But there Is reason to believe that some of the wets in Iowa took an opportunity to rap at Senator Brookhart. who has been the dryest of the dry in the Sen ate for many years. The Democrats here nominated Louis Murphy for the Senate, a newspaper publisher in Du buque. widely known and considered a strong candidate. He is a wet. Mur phv walked away from former Senator Steck in the Democratic primary. But despite th? fact that the turnout in the Democratic primary was larger than for years, Iowa locks to be a Re publican State next November. * * ak * Of more concern to the drys. how ever. Was the primary for the Demo ciatie senatorial nomination in North Carolina. There a wet. Robert R. Rey nolds. took Senator Cameron Morrison “for a ride.” No one. not aven Brook hart. has been dryer than Morrison. On Julv 2 there is to be a second primary, i with Reynolds opposing Morrison and all other candidates out of the picture. The candidates who ran third and fourth in the recent primary are re ported to be wet and inclined to support Reynolds for the nomination, while the fifth candidate was a dry. and his fol lowers. few In number, may turn to Morrison. If in North Carolina the Democrats nominate a wet for the Sen ate and elect him. then, indeed. It is time for the defenders of the eighteenth amendment to look out for squalls. ♦ * * * Probably the Democrats would be more exercised over the prohibition as It affects their own party if they did ndt feel that they have the "solid South” nailed down again. They be lieve that any wet Democratic nominee tor President can carry the South ex cept A1 Smith. What has just hap pened ;n the North Carolina primary would seem to Indicate even more strongly that they are correct In their estimate that a Roosevelt, a Ritchie, a Baker could sweep the South this year. Outside of the South, the Democratic party for the most part has been con sistently and overwhelmingly wet in re cent years. Even in the West this has been true and is becoming more and more true. Under there circumstances, the Democratic leaders have made up their minds not only to nominate a wet candidate for President, but to put some kind of a wet plank in their platform. The degree of wetness Is the only ques tion that remains to be settled. There is no suggestion that the plank will be dry. | ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS BY FREDERIC J. HASK1N. Few Americans realize how much their Government does for them. Read er* of The Star can drew on all Gov ernment activities through our free in formation service. The world's great est libraries, laboratories and experl ; mental stations are at their command. Ask any question of fact and it will be answered, free, by mall direct to you. Inclose 2-cent stamp for reply postage and address The Star Information Bu reau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington, D. C. Q. Where are the headquarters of the British Broadcasting Co ?—P. H. H A. Broadcasting House is in Lang ham place. London. It is a magnificent new building with all of the latest im orovements for broadcasting. The con cert hall is the third largest in Lon don. Q Does a Federal law go into effect as soon as it is signed by the Presi dent?— R. M. W. A. Some laws take effect as soon as signed by the President. Others take effect as provided in the bill. Q How long has the American eagle been used on our money?—E. M. A. This emblem appeared on the first coin issued by the United States in 1795 and on a majority of the sub sequent coins. Q Has the State of Rhode Island ever been dry?—A. W. A In April, 1886. Rhode Island adopted as an amendment to its con stitution article V. reading: "The manufacture and sale of-intoxicating liquors to be used as a beverage shall be prohibited.” A later amendment, known as article VIII, adopted in June, 1889. rpads: "Article V of the amend ments to the constitution of this State is hereby annulled." Q How much money do tobacco advertisers spend in newspaper adver tising?—N. C. A Last year th“ir bill was *28 - 620.000. Q When were the fortificatioas of Quebec begun?—E W. A. Quebec has been fortified from the earliest times the first structures being built by the French In 1783 a temporary citadel was begun and the remains of these works, still visible, are erroneously referred to in some guide books as of French origin. In 1823 the British government undertook a com prehensive scheme of defense, the main parts cf which are in excellent repair today. Q Is the practice of cribbing for nominations a modern practice?—W. A H. A. On the contrary, a recent silk handkerchief presented to the Field Museum of Natural History, covered vit’i thousands of Chinese characters. vr~ identified as having probably been 'd as a crib to enable a Chinese 'iudent of the Kang-hi period—1562 1722—to pass his civil sendee exami nation. Q What kind of surveying instru ments did George Washington use?— W. P. M. A The George Washington Bicen tennial Commission says that the es sential instruments used in surveying during Washington's period of activity ! were the chain and an instrument for measuring angles. For the first. Wash ington used what is called the Gunter chain. The instruments for measuring angles then in use were the plane table, circumferentor and theodolite. The first was of restricted use, being con ‘med to small inclcsures, and it is not lii: ly that Washington used it to any extent, if at all. The theodolite then, as now. was elaborate and costly, and it is doubtful whether Washington ever had one. although it would probably be necessary to go through his invoices carefully in oraer to determine the mat ter finally. It Is known, however, that he did have a circumferentor, so that it is safe to consider that this was his chief, if not his only. Instrument. He may have had a protractor and, of course, he possessed other necessary In struments for plotting, including com passes, scales, etc., but these were not outdoor instruments. His tripod is still at Mount Vernon. Q. What bird was regarded as the Hapsburg bird of misfortune?—R. A. D. A. The raven. Q What Is the diameter of th» clock in tne hall of the House of Representa tives?--6. B. A. It is about 18 inches. Q. Do the Canary Islands take their name from the birds of that name?— D. N. A. The islands were first referred to as the Canaria Islands, meaning Dog Islands, from the Latin, canus. Pliny, writing of the discovery of the islands by the King of Mauretania, reported how »he King had found them to be in habited by dogs of unusual sine and thereupon named them the Canaria Is lands. Q. For what is the Roosevelt Gold Medal awarded?—E. M. R. A. The medal is awarded annually by the Roosevelt Memorial Association to persons chosen for distingished service in the administration of public office, international law. industrial peace, con servation of nc . ui resources, social justice, natural history, outdoor life, na tional defense, leadership of youth and literature. The 1931 winners are Jus tice Benjamin N. Cardozo. Hamlin Gar land and Dr. C. Hart Merriam. Q In what play is Ase a character?— A. K. A In Henrik Ibsen's play "Peer Gynt,” incidental music for which was written by Edward Grieg. Ase is the mother of the hero. Peer Gynt, who ;s severely mistreated by her irresponsible son and who dies in the second act of the play. Grieg's funeral dirge, "The Death of Ase," is one of the classics of contemporary incidental music. Q How much does it cost to get into the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York?—S. K. A. There is no fee except on Mondays and Fridays, when the admission charge is 25 cents. Q. How many people become per manently disabled through accident and disease each year?—E. D. A. The Federal Board for Vocational Education says that in the United States 353.000 people become physically handicapped each year. Q. Can the na ive place of a tiger's skin be determined by its fur when made into a rug?—H E A. There is considerable difference in the skins of tigers. The Bengal tiger has a short coat of dark orange-brown color with black stripes. Those from other parts of India are of the same color, but have longer hair. Those far ther north, such as China and Mon golia, are not only large in size, but have very long soft hair of orange brown with white flanks and are gen erally marked with black stripes. Q What was Dollv Madison's name before her first marriage?—E H H. A. Her name was Dorothy Payne. Q. How long was Monaco an inde pendent nation before being ruled by France?—D. McK. A. Previous to the French Revolution, when the reigning Prince of Monaco was dispossessed, it had existed as an independent principality for 800 years. The line of princes was re-cstabiished in 1814 and Monaco continued as an absolute monarchy until 1911, when a constitution was promulgated. Butler Wins Few Converts For Third Party Movement Is there a real movement toward a third party? Tire pronouncement by Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler in a recent speech that that is what is needed is ; nalyzed by editors, who find a need, but not a prospect of any direct action. Discussing Dr. Butler’s view that "the two major political parties in this coun try have become mixtures of conflict ing opinions and aims, vehicles of plati tudes and indefinite pronouncements and under the control of office-holding, incompetents." the Springfield (Mass.) Union suggests that this statement "will find a wide response in a public that would not. however, fully agree with his conception of what parties should stand for. ' The Union continues with the thought: "Most people would like their party to stand squarely and unequivocal ly for what they indhldually believe in. That, in reality, is Dr. Butler’s desire, which he embodies in 14 points as a ’splendid break with tradition.’ could it be brought about by conference in party conventions." "Dr. Butler's proposal will be called impractical.” declares the Wall Street Journal. “And so it is; almost as im practical as our present scheme for cultivating political disorder. Dr. But ler is just too right for any use." Quoting the 14 points outlined In the proposed party's platform, the New London Day concedes that Dr. Butler has "first-class issues for his party, having borrowed a number that both ma.or parties have long been concerned with, but has included so many other hotly disputed problems that it is doubtful if he could gather and Hold any considerable number cf voters who would agree with ail of them." The San Jcse Mercury Herald emphasizes the lack ol accord In the public atti tude at the present time, and adds: "Dr. Nicholas Murray Butler says that the two old parties are bankrupt on the vital issues of the day. and that a third party should be formed to enable the Intelligent progressive citizens to unite. When there is an accord among these on ouestlons on which existing parties -'oid taking a stand the time is ripe for a third party." commits this paper, as it ashs■ "On what questions avoided by the old parties is there an accord among the general body cf intelligent cit zens.” It Urn proceeds to quote eminent authorities on both sides of such vital problems as the tariff, pro hibition, war debts. World Court and ethers. "We shall have to continue In the historic American way, with the Re publican and Democratic parties each going it alone." suggests the Providence Journal, remarking: "Of course, if D Butler wishes to organize a ‘Liberal' party on his own hook and Invite al’ the discontented Republicans and Dem ocrats to ioiu it. that is something cl - Eut we d believe he would get ve - lar with .'a a scheme. Indeed, the records of third, fourth, fifth and sixth parties in the United States do not encourrge the formation of another party of rny sort just now.” The Hart ford Daily Times comments: "Some times we are t-muted to agree with Dr. Nicholas Murrav Butler in the text of his sDeech to the National Industrial Conference Board. He said the Nation wide Reoubli-a-i Dartv of Lincoln is dead. t"d the Nation-wide Democratic part” of J-ff-rscn is dead Often it seems as if both parties were worse than dead, fossilized.” de-lares the Times, b‘'t. qualifies its statement bv -aying: "There is evolution and change in parties. We do not consider that the Democratic party is dead, or that the Republican psrtv is d°ad. if for a few years, cal’ed upop to face such to tallv new prob’ems as h-ve come up in recent years, neither of them rcems to know precisely -where it is at.’ each armv consisting of a surplusage of lead ers and lack of followers, the leader h-aded every which way, and the result being no progress. Time should straighten out the march, reorganizing the ranks.” The Fort Worth Star-Telegram sees "no third party yet” on the horizon, * although it believes that "few observ ers will contradict the assertion that the two major parties need to be reanimat ed with a spirit of unselfish service for i the Nation as a whole, in harmony ' with the fundamentals of true democ racy. But dispassionate examination of these recent third-party utterance* fails to disclose anv real reason for a political uprising outside the existing parties." Of the opinion that it "is generally i true that a new party requires a dyna i mic political leader to sway a con siderable following." the Oklahoma City Times fails to find one in the j picture. Reviewing the posibilities for leaders of such a party, the Times states' "A1 Smith has wide popular appeal, even if he hasn't a chance of being elected President. There is not a remote chance that he will desert the party that has carried him far on the road to fame and fortune. Franklin D. i Roosevelt is more of a libera) than i most of the Democratic aspirants. With a strong delegation backing him for the presidential nomination, there i is no chance to swing him from partv regularity. Among the Republicans I there are Senators Borah. Norris and La Follette. The strongest of these, perhaps. Is Borah, and he has resisted similar calls before. Young Bob ha Follette saw his father fail in a similar enort. senator Norris leit nis own party in one presidential campaign to no avail. There are few. if any. others in public life or politically prominent who have the gift of leadership or a na tional following of much consequence,” concludes this paper. Third party or not as an outcome, the Milwaukee Journal thinks "Repub licans and Democrats both need to realize that the countrv is pretty well disgusted with the wav in which both, are manipulated for the same old in terests. The Worcester Telegram con siders there can never be a perfectly definite division between two great parties on all big issues and states: That is why it is futile to be always advocating new parties and new align ments. Neither the Democratic party nor the Republican party is responsible for human nature, for the diverging opinions and clashing purposes of in dividuals. * * * Democrats and Republicans are, however, responsible for occasionally pretending that there are mere and greater differences be tween the two parties than actually exist." The St. Louis Times remarks that “the prohibitionists long ago learned that a separate party was of no avail. It didn't get enough votes to wad a shotgun. It was only when the leaders began to operate within the old parties that they 'arrived'.” Hitler's Chance. From the Chattanooga Times. It looks as if Adolf Hitler and his fol lowers were about to get a measure of opportunity to show the German people w lie the r they can work miracles as readily as they can promise them. To a Finish. From the Lyr.chburt? News. Maybe Wall Street Is only a "peanut stand," as Gen. Dawes says, but more than one kind of nut has been roasted there. Topsy Tiirvv Taxation. From the Newr York Sun. The new revenue bill taxes Incomes received from violation of Federal or State laws 100 per cent, thus making the underhand all overhead. At Last! From the S»n Antonio Evening News. Justice sometimes is done according to modernistic standards: A Norfolk court sentenced a woman to GO days in jail lor beating her husband.