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PAYMENT OF BONUS
IS URGED BY V. F. W. Encampment Here Declares Action Would Not Be Economic Calamity. Immediate payment of the soldiers’ bonus was urged last night by the Vet erans of Foreign Wars, Department of the District of Columbia, at the second session of their thirteenth annual en campment, being held at the East Gate Masonic Temple. Mills and Rhode Island avenues northeast. The resolution cited the predictions of economic calamity which preceded the loaning to veterans ot naif their bonus and stated that the calamity never materialized. Similarly, it was said, payment of the entire bonus would have no ill effect on the economic life of the country. No mention was made in the resolu tion of the bonus marchers here now to force the payment of the bonus. George Alman, former commander of the marchers, was present at the meet ing and spoke briefly, reiterating the statement that the thousands of veter ans will stay in the National Capital until their bonus is paid, no matter how long it takes. Brig. G"n. Pelham D. Glassford, Superintendent of police, who has ar ranged for care of the bonus marchers, was present and was greeted enthusias tically by the veterans. The encamp ment adopted a resolution, repeating Its stand of the night before, assuring Gen. Glassford of the support of the Veterans of Foreign Wars in all Iris activities concerning the bonus marchers. The concluding meeting of the en fcampment will be held tonight, when fcfficers will be elected. HINES ADVISES BONUS MARCHERS TO LEAVE - Veterans' Bureau Head Says Hos pital Facilities Here Are Inadequate. Advice of Gen. Frank T. Hines, vet erans' administrator, to those veterans of the bonus army who have come to Washington and to those who are known to be on their way here, is to peturn to their homes and remain there and leave to their respective Rep resentatives in Congress the matter of pushing bonus legislation. Gen. Hines volunteered this advice at the White House, where he called to discuss veterans' affairs with the President. He made it plain, however, that at the conference with the Presi dent the bonus expeditionary army now camping in the Capital was not dis cussed. The head of the veterans’ affairs said his only official concern is regarding the health of the veterans who are in this bonus group. Already a score have been placed in hospitals in the Capital, he said, and the fact that others will be come ill presents something of a prob lem. He explained that the Veterans’ Bureau lacks necessary funds to send such veterans to veterans’ institutions in their respective localities. He said the Veterans' hospitals here already are Piled to capacity and that if a great number of these men who have com" to the capital for their bonus become ill the problem of handling them would be difficult. JSniall Per eentage Of Bonus Accounts Kept in District Most Veterans Would Have to Apply to Regional Offices for Payment. If Congress were to pass necessary legislation to authorize payment of the adjusted service compensation cer tificates. it would not be a case of "the line forming to the right" at the Vet erans' Administration Building, Ver mont avenue and H street, for the pay off. unless Congress specifically au thorizes it. According to officials at the bureau, only a small percentage of the ac counts of the World War veterans hold ing certificates are kept in Washing ton. The majority of them are re tained at the regional offices of the administration, and it will be to these offices that the veterans must apply for payment of the bonus. The certificates are being held at the tegional units where the last payment was made on them last year. In the cases where payment was made through banks, however, the accounts have been returned to the Veterans' Administra tion here. It was believed at the bureau many bf the veterans now in the Capital Would be forced to return home to col ^X on their certificates if Congress au orized payment of the bonus. Soviet Russia bought $3,700,000 worth pf American goods in the first three jnonths of 1932. 75 Ex-Service Men At Pittsburgh Meet To Fight Bonus Bill By the Associated Press. PITTSBURGH, June 10— At a quietly called meeting of about 75 ex-service men last night, to which the various American Legion posts of the county ap parently were not Invited, an or ganization was formed to protest adoption of the pending bonus bill. , . , , . In a statement of principle to dav. the group said it favors ut most consideration for all dis abled veterans and their de pendents. but feels that, aside from payment of adjusted com pensation when due, the Nation is without further financial obli gation to the men who were in good physical condition when they were mustered out after the war. Copies of a resolution oppos ing the $2,503,000,000 bonus bill in Congress were ordered sent to Senators and Representatives. All Hands Differ on IN umber Marching In Bonus Parade Estimates RunF rom 3,500 to 10,000—Police Say 7,416 Are Here. How many bonus marchers were in ' the ' big parade” Tuesday night? The ! estimates varied from 3,500 to 10,000, and every estimator probably thought he was correct. The veterans them ; selves were, of course, the most enthu siastic of all the estimators. But as far as can be learned, no one actually counted the marchers. A Star reporter counted 220 men a minute for the first few minutes of the parade. The line continued for 25 minutes and he esti mated there were 5,500 marchers. Al lowing for breaks, the estimate was cut to 5.000. Capt. Doyle Hickey. U. S. A., superin tendent of the park police, made an estimate of 3.500. He said he did not attempt to count the men. The Associated Press estimated from 5 000 to 7.000 were in line, getting their estimate from Chief of Police Glassford. The United Press quoted a “police estimate" of 8.000. Police now estimate there were be tween 3,500 and 4.000. Universal Service carried Floyd Gib bons' estimate of 5.000. International News Service used Elsie Robinson's anproximation of 10.000. The New York Times estimated 7.000. the New York Herald-Tribune placed the number at “several thousand" and referred to an estimate of 8.000 as “excessive." and the Baltimore Sun said there were between 5,000 and 7,000 in the procession. No actual count of the marchers is available to settle the question now. The number of marchers in town is placed bv the police, at present, at 7 416 The bonus marchers headquar ters reports 11,019 are actually regis tered. HAGERSTOWN WILL STOP FEEDING BONUS GROUPS Officials, Having Difficulty Caring for Local Jobless, Decide on New Policy. Special Dispatch to The Star. HAGERSTOWN, Md.. June 10.— Hagerstown has fed its last bonus marcher. Hospitality shown 400 or 500 who stopped here en route to Wash ington or returning home will be dis continued. city and welfare officials in dicated today. Several hundred veterans arrived re cently via Western Maryland Railroad box cars and were served doughnuts, while another large group yesterday was served soup and bread at the Salvation Armv headquarters. Fearful that word will reach other marchers, officials announced feeding of veterans will be discontinued, as Hag erstown has difficulty caring for its own jobless. A group of veterans, about 60 in num ber. took possession of the fair grounds late yesterday and were preparing to camp there. They will have to get food from individuals, however, officials said. Another group of 400 caused the au thorities at Brunswick, on the Balti more & Ohio, some concern. They were en route to Washington and a number sought food in the town while others remained in the box cars. Home of the Budget Buying Plan The New Arrivals! Guaranteed All-Wool Blue Serge f fast ] Washingtonian 2-Pants SUITS $24-50 Imagine a 100% all-wool blue serge suit, tailored to the “Washingtonian’’ stand ards. with an extra pair of trousers at this price! Single or double breasted models. All sizes. SoeHeSzog F Street orj*4 SULLEN 300 TAKE ALLEGIANCE OATH Suspected Newcomers Given B. E. F. Places After Close Scrutiny. BY THOMAS R. HENRY. They might have come to life out of the pages of Dostoyefski—this sullen faced 300 who lined up before the flag and with raised right hands took the oath of allegiance. They were marched back into the great Anacostia junglecamp of the B. E. F. this morning after being refused admittance last night—a week's growth of stubble on their faces, together with the soot of nights in box cars and rail road yards. This latest addition to the thousands of bonus seekers who have invaded Washington came from Detroit, Cleveland, Toledo and way stations around the Great Lakes. They were suspected of harboring •'reds." The re quirement that they take the oath was a safety measure, even before their dis charge certificates were examined to determine the right of individuals to remain in camp. Vnequalrd for Squalor. For picturesque squalor this contin gent probably outclasses any of the bands of veterans which have preceded it It was led by a tall, slim colored man carrying a flag, all his possessions wrapped in a newspaper and tied with a piece of clothesline. The company seemed to be about one-third colored. Nearly all were wearing olive drab overseas caps—the rest of the uniform of misery's armv being about as di versified as possible and ranging from a sheepskin overcoat to a burlap bag One carried a milk bottle on a piece of clothesline around his neck. Many were carrying cherished tin cans from which they have eaten and drunk for the last week. Brought back into camp this morn ing they were told that the "B. E. F. was willing to take a chance on them." Even in this squalid gathering their ap pearance was against them. After the oath-taking ceremony thev were lined up and marched to Camp Sims to wash. Thev were informed that any money they brought with them must be turn ed over to the common mess fund. As for lodging—it was up to their own in genuity. There was the junk pile with lots of trash left. Forget Military Ways. They have had a stormy trip to Washington. Although all probably served either in the Army or Navy, it required some time to get them back Into the automatic military ways of a decade ago. Several attempts were necessary before they were able to “count off ’’ When the command "squads right" was given the men hesi tated as if they did not understand for a moment and then maneuvered into a tangled mess. Then the old condition ing seemed to reassert itself and they marched away in a semblance of order. They appeared humble enough—will ing to do anything that was asked of them to win the confidence of their comrades. But one can hardly get out of mind the picture of those broad, flat, sullen faces—faces of colored men and Slav steel mill workers mingled with those of a few Ohio farmers. Today they are the "rookies" of the bonus army. They were "joshed” like new comers at an army camp. "Dem guys done gone and got their wars all mixed up.” laughed a giant colored man who watched the clumsy attempt to “squads right." “Dey done think dis am the Spanish War." Stirred by Oratory. But tomorrow—If they have proved themselves in the meantime—they will be an integral part of this weird river bank ••jungle” in which the only re quirement for citizenship is war serv ice and comradeship in the common misery. It was a lazy, monotonous morning at the camp. The one break in the sameness came when Senator Smith of South Carolina mounted to the roof of one of the shed-barracks. They are a suggestible crowd, their emotions easily stirred by oratory. They cheered and clapped their hands excitedly as the Senator appealed to ‘‘the eternal gods” and spoke of those "sleeping under the poppies in Flanders Fields who are an eternal monument to you boys here on this field.” Here, by the way, is one of the mys teries of American oratory. A reference to the dead under the Flanders poppies always seems to excite the emotions of ex-service men. There are plenty of English and Canadians there. There are plenty of French, Belgians and Ger mans. But the Americans buried in "Flanders” must be very few indeed. "By the eternal gods,” said Senator Smith, "you boys aren't responsible for the terrible condition of our country. — LOOK FOR THE SCHWARTZ | GOLD CLOCK ON 7th ST. N.W. FREE! During the Month of JUNE ONLY— Our Gift to You Set of ater Goblets in COMMUNITY CUT CRYSTAL i I Lady Hamilton Deaurilla hobltmm CrotTioor I IVith Each Park Lane Chest of COMMUNITY PLATE You buy the Park Lane Silver ware Service in an Anti-Tarnish Chest at the regular price and receive at no extra cost a set of exquisite Community Cut Crystal Goblets in matching design. Come in and inspect this lovely new crystal. Complete at— $00.25 i soy sag 1 fJikSdroarfctSon ■ Home of Perfect Diamonds 708 7th St. N.W. I _ Dunbar Wins Drill MAJ. GEN. JAMES VAN HORN MOSELEY, deputy chief cf staff. U. S. A.. presented the \ictory flag to Cadet Capt. Roscoe Cooper in Griffith Stadium late yesterday after Cooper's Company A had been announced winner of the competitive drills, to give Dunbar High School its seventh consecutive win. —Star Staff Photo. You made it possible for conditions to be better than they are. I don’t know what the House or the Senate will do, but I am going to vote to give you boys your money now. You maue the world safe for democracy. Now, by the eter nal gods, let democracy have full sway.” The weird junk-pile city was growing rapidly today. New rows of lean-tos, wigwams, pup-tents and "chicken coops” tyere stretching across the dusty field as the latest arrivals ’ dug-in" Eb make themselves comfortable. A pop ular practice is to name these incon gruous dwellings after the leading hotels of cities all over the United States. Chicago's "Hotel Blackstone” is made of paper boxes. Names of th? chief hotels of Detroit are over the doors of the pathetic hovels where the men frem this lake city have dug-in. What a cross section of America is rep ented in this jungle can best be rea ~ed by strolling down the "company streets.” Men from the different localities tend to sling together. They stick the names of their towns over their doors—the names of the Nation's great metrop olises, of New England mill towns, of Pennsylvania county seats, of small Ohio. Indiana. Georgia, Alabama and Carolina cities. The wealth of slogans continues to glow. The best addition today was painted across the windshield of an au tomobile: “My bonus lies over the ocean." This may well become the battle hymn of the B. E. F. It expresses quite succintly the main idea that seems to be running through the minds of all the veterans who are willing to talk about it—America spent money helping Europe while her own war veterans were going hungry. Rooster Hitched to Car. Live stock began to appear in the camp today in the foim of a Rhode Island red rooster hitched to the wheel of an automobile. In some directions there was a slight improvement in sani tary conditions over yesterday. The two lines of fire hose which were stretched into the camp were resulting in an ac cumulation of mud. This morning the nozzles were moved out of the camp into the opm field on the hillside above it. Now all water must be carried In pails The camp is getting dustier and dustier. Garbage disposal ia still a problem. The leaders of the B. E F . it was made clear today, fully realize that con ditions are unsanitary and are doing DUNBAR VICTORIOUS! IN CADET DRILLS Three Companies Take Hon ors in Colored Schools Competition. Dunbar High School made a clean sweep of the fortieth annual com- j pany competitive drills in the colored schools late yesterday when its Com pany A won first place and Companies G and B took second and third honors respectively. Cadet Capt. Roscoe Cooper led Com pany A to give his school its seventh consecutive victory in the annual drill. He was presented with the Teachers’ Medal, which he may wear for the remainder of the current school year, and the gold medal of victory, which he may keep. Mrs. Mary A. McNeill, member of the Board of Education, made the presentations. 20,000 See Drill. Maj. Gen. James Van Horn Mosley, deputy chief of staff, United States Army, reviewed the brigade prior to the announcement of the drill results. With him in the reviewing line were Col. C. E. N. Howard and Garnet C. Wilk inson. first assistant superintendent of schools. A crowd of 20.000 persons cheered the results from the stands in Griffith Stadium. Thei commanding officers of the sec ond and third place units were Cadet Capt. John Butcher. Company G. and Cadet Capt. Granville Moore, Com pany B. v Silent Drill. The review was preceded by a silent drill by the non-commissioned officers of the brigade in which the unit ex ecuted an elaborate program of orders without commands. The precision with which the group moved drew loud ap plause from the audience. Judges of the company competitive drills were Capt. William Creiglcr, Maryland National Guard: Capt. Charles Steedman, New York National Guard, and First Lieut. Richard R. i ; Queen. New Jersey National Guard. their best to enforce cleanliness, to see that no trash is disposed of promiscu ously. and to co-operate with local health authorities. Among the rank and file, howrever, there was considerable apprehension over proposals to break up the camp and scatter the army'in places where better sanitation can be provided. They prefer to stay at Camp Camden, where they have the con fidence inspired by numbers. There was little evidence of anybody | “going home" this morning. Last night, the men were fairly comfortable and today the men are in better spirits, i The idea has taken hold that quitting now is something akin to desertion in war-time and the resolution of the men appears to have been considerably i strengthened by the assurances of the | various orators who have addressed 1 them. $40 17-J. 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Oldeit Credit Jewelen! 1004 F St. ^N.W. $37.50 17-J. Illinois With Your Old Watch $27.50 SOc a week! An unusual beauty with a guaranteed 17-jewel move ment. Lady’s $37.50 Bulova With Your Old Watch, $27.50 SOe a week! A slim white (old-filled e«ie holds 15-jewel move ment. Lady’s $37.50 Elgin With Your Old Watch $27.50 SOc a week! Tiny and faehionable— with a guaranteed jeweled movement in m solid gold case. GRANT GIVES VETERANS’ CAMP SITE TO DISTRICT Part of Park Used by Marchers Put Under Municipal Control During Emergency. Although Anacostia Park, where a large portion of the bonus army is in camp, is ordinarily under the Jurisdic tion of the Public Buildings and Public Parks, Lieut. Col. U. S. Grant, the di rector, said that he has turned over to the keeping cf the District Commission ers that section of the park used by the former service mrn. As centralized superivision is nrces sary. Col. Grant said, the veteran*' army area has been given to the Com missioners as an emergency measure. The Metropolitan Police are now re sponsible for the policing of the camp, the colonel explained, and the United States Park Police are making their rounds as usual in other parts of Ana costia Park. The sanitary measures are in the hands of the municipal authorities. Col. Grant asserted that the turning over of the occupied portion of Ana costia Park to the Commissioners is likened to the transfer of land to them for playground or street purposes. The entire situation will be handled by the Commissioners and Col. Grant will get his land back when the emer*ency is over. It’s time to cut loose —with some action for our topnotchers! All of our thoroughbred CAMERON WORSTEDS are going at ‘20 with two trousers Why beat around the bush? Old man economy has made this a tough season for our higher priced Camerons! These thoroughbreds weren’t raised to be "show case suits”. Behind those easy, trim lines there’s a powerful lot of hard wear. And it’s got to go to work, right note. Price can’t keep such grand suits idle any longer! We’ve cut loose — and dropped all the expensive Cameron Worsteds into our fast-moving $20 stocks! Solid colors—imported patterns— English styles—all are going at this one low price! We want ’em on customers’ backs, where they’ll make a lot more friends than on our clothing racks. : Make a date to be here, today or tomorrow, if you want a really fine suit of clothes—and a sw eet saving, to boot! Two trousers with every suit —a feature for which most stores charge extra! Use our newTen Payment Plan No extra cost — no interest or carrying charges. Simply pay $5 at purchase, and budget the balance over ten weeks. ms F St.N.W.