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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 14, 1932, Image 8

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,THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
TUESDAY.Juno 14, 1038
THEODORE W. NOYES_Editor
The Evening Star Newspaper Company
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ted in this paper and also the local news
published heiein. All rights ot publication ot
apeclal dispatches herein are also reserved.
The Republican Keynote.
One of the established institutions of
the American nominating conventions
gathered to name presidential candi
dates is the election of a temporary
chairman—selected, of course, long in
advance with careful regard for polit
ical availability and a certain degTes
of oratorical efficiency—whose function
it is to preside over the first stages of
the meeting and particularly to sound
the "keynote" of the campaign. His
being the first formal speech at the
gathering, it is supposed to be the voice
of the party making its formal bid for
the support of the people.
Today the keynote speech of the
Republican National Convention was
sounded by Senator L. J. Dickinson of
Iowa. It is a notable offering. It is a
true slogan sounder in the best ac
cepted sense of partisan eloquence. It
Indicates plainly the course that 1* to
be taken by the Republican spellbinders
during the next five months.
me sunstance oi senator uicainsou a
speech, which is a eulogium of Presi
dent Hoover, for whose renomination
and re-election he sounds the call, Is
that by his actions during the great
economic depression from which this
country has suffered almost from the
outset of the administration, the Presi
dent has prevented financial panic, has
maintained social order, has Insured
Industrial peace, has mitigated unem
ployment distress, has averted a great
catastrophe in Europe which would have
reacted destructively upon this country,
has aided the farmers in (heir most
grievous distress, has proposed and in
large measure secured means of balanc
ing the national budget and has main
tained the value of the American dollar.
This will undoubtedly be the line of
the campaign for the President's re
election. His record will be subjected
to intense scrutiny, will be assailed by
the opposftion and defended by his own
party. Senator Dickinson in his Chi
cago speech today forecasts a counter
assault upon the Democratic opposi
tion, which through its national or
ganization headquarters has conducted a
persistent attack upon the President's
performances, an attack which he de
clares to have defeated itself by its
partisan animosity and indiscriminate
and Injudicious impeachment of every
Clove and word of Mr. Hoover.
This keynote speech indicate* plainly
that the campaign will witness a re
hearsal of all the happenings of the
past two and a half years, the boom
market, the Wall Street slump, the seep
ing depression in business and the vari
ous expedients adopted to lessen the
force of the avalanche of hard times
that descended upon the American peo
ple. The issues, apart from the prohibi
tion question, if that indeed enters into
the contest directly, will be chiefly eco
nomic. It will be a reminder of the
campaign of 189fi, save that the Repub
lican candidate will be defending his
own course in the White House.
-1 i -- - ■■ - -
A few of the delegates are so sure of
the repeal of prohibition that they are
inclined to assume that for practical
purposes it is in effect on a retroactive
basis.
So many phases of crime have been
revealed in the Lindbergh kidnaping
case that it is not remarkable that the
•'third degree'' horror should be inci
dentally suggested.
In the frank opinion of Senator Dick
inson. prosperity is just around the cor
ner of the edifice in which he will enjoy
the honor of delivering the keynote.
A Century of Conventions. i
Although the first presidential nomi- i
nating convention of the national
American parties was held in Baltimore
on December 12. 1831, the year 1832 Is
regarded as the beginning of the system
of proposing candidates for the presi
dency by the convention method. The
meeting In Chicago today is the twenty
sixth gathering of this character by j
the Republican party and its prede- j
cessor. the Whig party. Similarly, on ;
the 27th of this month will be held the |
twenty-sixth quadrennial meeting of
the Democratic party, also in Chicago.
Prior to 1831-32 the presidential
nominees had been made by con
gressional caucuses. The Constitution
provided no method for the proposal of i
candidates. Indeed it was the theory
that the electors named by the several
States, constituting what has come to
be known as the “electoral college,”
should have a free and unguided choice.
This system did not work well and the j
proposal of candidates first by con
gressional caucusses and then by con
ventions developed. This left the
electors named by the people in the
States in November no choice except
to vote for those candidates who had
been nominated by the parties.
The development of the convention
system resulted in large measure from
the improvement in the means of com
munication between different parts of
the States, making it easy for such
party meetings to be assembled. Yet
there were no good roads as the word
Is known now. there were no railroads
and there was no telegraph In the early
days of American political nominations.
The method of naming delegates to
the presidential conventions has varied.
Until 1900 they were chosen by State
conventions of the respective parties.
that year the primal system
began to displace the convention
method. At present delegates are
named both by primaries and by con
ventions.
It was not until 1844 that the tele
graph played a part In carrying the
news of these political meetings. Morse
had begun his experiments In 1832, but
it was not until twelve years afterward
that the first line was established be
tween Baltimore and Washington. In
that year. 1844, both parties held their
conventions In Baltimore, the Repub
licans first, meeting on May 1, and the
news of the nomination of Henry Clay
was brought to Washington by a mes
sage received In a room In the Capitol,
having been sent from Baltimore by
messenger to a point outside of the city
to which the line had been carried.
Prom this small beginning has de
veloped the present system of news
transmission, reaching the point at
which today the telegraph companies
are equipped at Chicago to handle
more than 350,000 words an hour. By
this means, together with the telephone
and the radio, whatever happens at a
nominating convention down to the
!<*ast detail is swiftly, almost instanta
neously told to the country, a far cry
indeed from the conventions of a hun
dred years ago, when many days would
pass before the people in the more
remote States knew what had occurred
at the party gatherings. It was this
factor that caused the long stretch of
time between the beginnings of the
process of naming candidates and the
elections themselves in November.
What Will Be “Resubmitted"?
If what has been put forward as the
• administration view” wins at Chicago
tomorrow and the Republican National
Convention adopts a "resubmission”
plank in place of a "repeal” plank, the
question then will be what Is to be re
submitted and how. The plank may be
Informative on that point. But from
the viewpoint of a politician facing a
national campaign the best plank will
be one that comforts the wets and
encourages the dry®. For that reason,
the less the plank gets down to bother
some details the better.
11 13, nuncvci, uibcicduiiK uuw
how "resubmission” has succeeded, as
a catchword, the popular "referendum"
of a few months past. One explanation
for this is that the necessity for facing
the facts has revealed the absence of
any formal method of conducting a na
tional ‘ referendum” on anything, ex
cept through the traditional election of
members of Congress at the polls. Nor
is there any method for "resubmitting”
a question to the people, except—in the
case of prohibition—of electing wet and
dry Congressmen at the polls. There is
a method of ''submitting" a question to
the people. And In the sense that the
word is used at Chicago "resubmission”
ran mean nothing—If It means any
thing—but the "submission" of a new
amendment to the Constitution dealing
with prohibition. That new amendment
could repeal or modify the eighteenth
amendment.
If the Republicans adopt a "resub
mission” plank, they will pledge them
selves to work for the submission of a
r.ew amendment to the Constitution,
unless they should adopt the plan ad
vocated by Mr. McAdoo of "resubmit
ting” what might be called a rhetorical
question to the people—for Instance,
the question, “Do you believe in repeal
of the eighteenth amendment?” It is
possible, of course, that Congress, by
joint resolution, might invite the States
to count the yeas and the nays on such
a question. But the answer would be for
moral effect alone. It would not be
binding. Its value would lie in inform
ing members of Congress which way
the wind blows. And. as Senator Borah
has pointed out, the proper place for
the origin of such information is at the
polls. A dry member of Congress de
feated by a wet member of Congress, or
vice versa, has no great difficulty in
judging the temper and direction of the
wind and needs no referendum fur
ther to inform him.
It Is idle to discount the gains that
would be made by the wets even in the
adoption by the Republican National
Convention of so innocuous a plank as
a pledge to work for "resubmission"
without explaining what is to be "re
submitted." It would signalize the for
mal recognition by a party that has
been content to let well enough alone
of the movement for repeal of the
eighteenth amendment. Such repeal
might be outright or accompanied by a
modifying substitute that would super
sede the eighteenth amendment. But
such a plank would not mean that the
Republican platform is Incapable of
sheltering the dryest of the drys and I
the wettest of the wets. Both could
work with equal ardor for "resubmis
sion"—but one might work for reten
tion of the eighteenth amendment,
while his fellow works for repeal.
-1 ••• ■
Applying opprobrious epithets is not
calculated to convey any thrill of sur
p .~e to Gaston B. Means. On one occa
sion or another he has probably heard
all of them before.
Should the Republican proceedings
need stimulation by picturesque
earnestness of praise, Gen. Dawes can
be reached by long-distance phone or
even by radio.
Reeds Yesterday and Today.
A Chicago dispatch states that an
oboe estimated to be 3.372 years old,
discovered by a University of Chicago
Institute research in Egypt, has been
given a try-out by two musicians and
then replaced in its case. The curator
of the institute said: “I am afraid that
there are more poignant memories in
these reeds than the future will dis
cover if it gives up one of our saxo
phones 3.000 years from now.” No
mention is made of the quality of tone
emitted by the oboe. Nothing is said
of the tune that was played upon it,
whether ancient or modem, but the
incident suggests that somebody might
plant a few of our present-day in
struments for the purpose of being
found by the excavators of the distant
future. If a saxophone is chosen, how
ever. it should be accompanied by a tin
derby with instructions as to use, so
that the full resonance of the instru
ment can be heard by those who repeat
the Chicago experiment of today. It
would not be fair to let a saxophone
go into posterity without this ac
companiment. Time was when saxo
phones were played on their own, as it
were, without mufflers or squawking
devices. Indeed the present generation
has almost forgotten how an unequipped
saxophone sounds. It was once rather
highly regarded as a sonorous instru
ment. Now as it is misused by jazz
' performers it U no leu than an abomi
nation It is the crooner in metal.
To complete the lay-out of musical
mementoa to give the curious ones of
thirty centuries henoe an idea of the
musical tastes of this present gener
ation a phonograph record of a typical
crooner should be preserved with a
machine for its reproduction, and then,
Indeed, the world of 4932 or there
abouts could exclaim: “What strange
folks lived on earth In the time of the
great American depression to tolerate
and pretend to enjoy sounds like
these.”
■ .. 9 « ■—
The Bonos Should Be Defeated.
Under any conditions the passage by
the House of the bonus payment bill—
placing upon the Treasury the burden
of dispensing $2,400,000,000 in cash at
the close of a session marked by heroic
efforts to balance the budget by Imposi
tion of taxes to raise $1.118.500.000—
would be a sorry spectacle and one to
shake the confidence of a stricken peo
ple in the ability of their legislators to
work for the common good.
But if the House passes the bonus bill
today, and it probably will, such action
will take rank with the most Inhuman
gestures ever made by a legislative
body.
That action will be cheered by the
rain-sodden, pitiful assemblage of
“bonus marchers” gathered here In
Washington and those whom they rep
resent. It will raise the hopes of men
already embittered by conditions that
are beyond human power to control or
alleviate. It will repeat, with modem
Improvements invented by modem poli
ticians, that form of exquisite torture
worked upon Tantalus.
For those members of the House who
vote for the bonus today know that the
bonus cannot and will not be paid.
They know that if the Senate passes the
bonus bill—and there are not enough
votes In sight in the Senate to pass It—
the President will veto it. And
they know that the House cannot
muster the votes to pass It over the
President's veto.
The courageous vote today will be a 1
vote against the bonus. The patriotic
vote today will be the vote against the
bonus. The human vote today will be
the vote against the bonus.
For there is a time when the duties
and responsibilities of statesmanship
overshadow personal ambition and even
personal opinion. And this is such a
time.
After speaking rather Impulsively to
a group of former soldiers who tried to
interview him tn the Capitol, Senator
J. Hamilton Lewis went to Anacostia and
made a speech which finally won cheers.
Another incident is closed; one which
for a moment seemed to threaten a i
. 1
reputation for genial courtesy which is j
one of the reliable refuges of popular I
thought at times when general turbu- '
lency seems Imminent.
--— I l ' ■
It is pointed out that the "ultimate ‘
consumer” always pays the taxes. If
buying rapacity diminishes very greatly,
the distributor may feel inclined to cut
in with a generous gesture and pay
some of the tax himself.
-< - ■ ■
Misfortune is seldom merciful. The
threat of an "army of unemployed” to
come to this city will inevitably result
in making the slight chance of the
bonus marchers even smaller.
Every effort will undoubtedly prevail
to enforce the law regulating the sale
of firearms with a vigilance which will
not permit the bootleg pistol to assert
itself.
1 1,1 » -* —■ - ■
The New Jersey police were happier
in the old days when their most promi
nent responsibility w-as enforcing the
laws of propriety with reference to
bathing beach costumes.
SHOOTING STARS.
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
Immutability.
There's a quantity great in political
life.
That in evidence surely you'll find.
The man who is steadfast throughout
the long strife
And never once changes his mind.
He knows he is right, like grandfather
before
Great-grandfather, too. and the rest
Who established the right in the grand
days of yore
To speak up and explain what is best.
He is certain some things we've re
jected are good.
With opinions still clearly defined
He will stand where his forefathers
misunderstood,
For he never once changes his mind.
Unfinished Business.
“Of course,” said the Professor, “this
great universe is undergoing a process
of evolution.”
"And yet,” said Senator Sorghum,
“there are people so unreasonable as to
find fault with Congress for being
caught with unfinished business on
hand.”
Jud Tunkins says history repeats it
self, but people talk so loud when it is
doing so that it can’t be heard.
Big Investigation.
Just now the statesman is inclined
His public dear to note
He’ll next investigate to find
Which way it’s going to vote.
The Real Hunt.
"I hear that Crimson Gulch hasn't
enough money in the treasury to pay
the police,” commented the traveling
man.
“It's true,” answered Cactus Joe. “Us
regular citizens wouldn't feel so hurt
about it if the racketeers wouldn’t strut
around showin' off their superior
wealth.”
“My ancestors,” said Hi Ho the sage
of Chinatown, “claim to have dis
covered printing many centuries ago,
but even to this day my countrymen
must go to an American metropolis to
realize its full possibilities."
Sportsmanship.
They say base ball our interest will
move
Stronger than politics. If truth is
such,
j The reason Is, base ball will often prove
A fairer game that doesn't cost so
much.
| “I don't object," said Uncle Eben,
' “to de man dat has an ax to grind
p»rvided it's foh de puuiose of doin'
his share of de wood clCppin.”
THIS AND THAT
BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL.
Our friend Templeton Jones is mak
ing a collection of sprinkling cans.
No garden is complete, he bellves,
without at least one old-fashioned wa
tering pot.
For many years this useful imple
ment was under a sort of eclipse.
Somehow the word got around that
it was peculiarly appropriate in the
hands of a woman, but not ao much so
in those of a man.
It was all right for a woman to lug
a sprinkling can around, pottering over
the flowers, but the only manly way to
apply water to flower borders and
lawns was to put it on with the gar
den hose.
Hence men everywhere took over the
task of sprinkling the garden, and
even among women the use of the wa
tering pot began to go out of fashion,
Jones sought to revive the Interest
in this ancient piece of garden crafts
manship. not cnlv because of Its his
toric import, but mainly because it is
as useful now as ever it was.
Jones is, above all things, a utili
tarian, although he likes to believe that
theory is the greatest part of anything,
that the unsern things are greater than
the seen, and that the mental aspects
are more interesting than the physical.
Nevertheless, he realizes that putting
water on flowers and lawn at the time
it is needed, and in the quantities nec
essary. is a perfectly prosaic task, in
which expedition and quantity look
larger than qualitative performance.
The flowers, in other words, care
little whether the spiritual aspects of
gardening are kept in mind by the
gardener; what they want, when they
are dry. is water, and plenty of it.
Especially plenty of it.
Now, a watering can is not a quan
titative performer, except in little; that
is, on single plants, it can be used
with as much effect as a hose. Better,
in fact.
It was the lone plant which Jones
had in mind
Every border has one or more indi- [
vidual specimens which need attention.
They are backward flowers, almost
might be called atypical plants, so
much do they need individual atten
tion.
The ancient watering device, the
“sprinkling can," is Just the thing,
Jones derided, and, having decided, be
gan a collection.
Jones is not the man to be content
with one of anything.
He possesses the urge of so many
moderns, when he likes something or
other he wants two or more.
If he happens to take a gTeat fancy
to a certain book, especially an old
book, he does not rest with securing
just one edition of it.
Not Templeton Jones.
He must have at least two. and some
times more. One edition will be all
right, perhaps, until he sees one with
larger type.
Then he must have it.
Must, that is. if he can get it.
When it came to sprinkling cans. 1
Jones decided that every well equipped
garden ought to harbor at least three.
First, he secured a general utility
affair, a large galvanized specimen,
with a capacious body and a neat
spout, boasting a so-called "rose spray"
at the end.
What harm that phrase, "rose
spray,” has done in the world!
Thousands of amateur rosarians have
got the idea that roses must be watered
frequently and thoroughly, when just
the opposite is the truth.
If there is anything In the average
garden which can get along dry. it is
the rose, almost any rose, whether
bush or climber.
The ability of these shrubs, which
is what they are, to endure drought is
marvelous, and scarcely realized by
those who have swallowed the mis
guided propaganda so persistently i
handed down In old rose literature
that they be given particular attention
in this regard.
It is a peculiar thing in the writings
about flowerdom that so few average
practitloneers want to use their own
heads In the matter. They prefer to
rely on authority. For instance, if a
bed of rosebushes gets no water at all,
by reason of an unusual drought, and
yet the roses bloom large and beauti
ful and the leaves green and utterly
free from '•black spot," they are un
willing to accept these facts as a tip
from Nature to refrain from too much
watering.
The very next season, without re
calling a single bit of the free ''advice”
given them by natural conditions, they
begin the old round of evening water
ings, inadvertently permitting a great
deal of spray to get on the leaves
Roses demand little water, a dearth,
as it were, which is understandable
only when it is kept in mind that our
cultivated varieties are the children of
the hardiest parents, prickly shrubs
which were the wildest of the wild.
One has but to regard carefully the
growth and habits of that splendid
climber, the Dr. Van Fleet, to under
stand somewhat fully what this means
to the roses in our garden.
These things do not forget their an
cestral ways simply because they
bloom in a manner to please mankind.
Their fresh blossoms are as luscious,
and as apparently filled with the eter
nal moisture, as if their roots were
standing in a tub of water.
Hence Templeton Jones, it is to be
understood, never used his watering
pots for rose bushes. He reserved the
big can entirely for such things as the
hibiscus, which demand a good water
nf thpir rnntg
A couple of gallons, put exactly
where It Is needed, at the right time,
will do more good than minutes of
sprinkling with a hose, in which pro
ceeding a great deal of water is un
consciously put where it is not needed
instead of where it should go.
Another pot In the Jones collection
Is rather fancy, painted a light green,
but its color Is not its chief point,
rather its spout.
Its spout is very long, almost atten
uated, with a comparatively small
nozzle or head. This arrangement
permits one to poke the nozzle into a
crowded border, and get at places
which would be Inaccessible with the
larger can.
Until one begins to Investigate water
ing or sprinkling cans, as they are
more commonly called in this country,
Jones avers, one will not stop to realize
the honorable lineage of these humble
but necessary implements.
They go back to the oldest times,
both in England and France. Indeed,
the long-snouted one is definitely label
ed the French pattern.
And behind France and England the
history of sprinkling cans goes back to
Greece and Rome, to Egypt, and, of
course, to China. Nothing ever was
thought of by man, apparently, that
some wise Chinaman did not think of
it first.
Ancient of ancients, some of those
old Egyptian bricks, with peculiar
looking birds and figures on them—
these sculptures, in some Instances,
show Egyptian gentlemen in few
clothes, holding a genuine sprinkling
can in their right hand, from which
they proceed to direct a shower upon
some peculiar plant, probably the rose
of Egypt.
The last of the Jones trio is one
for Indoors, a deft combination of cop
per and brass, the bowl copper, the
handle shining brass. The spout Is
straight as a string, ending in a simple
opening, the same size as the spout.
This sublime sprinkling can is used
for placing water in indoor pots and
bowls. It holds but a quart and mav
be directed into the almost closed
mouth of an ivy jar. or the like.
Templeton Jones believes that he Is
helping to bring a necessary gardening
tool back into the popularity which it
once had and which it still deserves.
He says he has Ideas, too. about the
sad eclipse of the market basket, which
ought to be returned to more general
usages and will, he feels, if he has
anything to do with it.
Highlights on the Wide World
Excerpts From Newspapers of Other Lands
THE Egyptian Gazette. Alexandria —
There Is a constant traffic
across Sinai of camels from
Gebel Shammar and Damascus
for sale in the Nile Valley. These
camels, coming from a cold climate,
have a long, shaggy coat particularly
on the shoulders and hump. Recently a
caravan of 25 camels accompanied by six
men, came across the frontier at Rafa.
and. having been inspected for contra
band. proceeded on their way to El Arish.
At Sheikh Zowaid they met another po
lice patrol and one of the policemen, see
ing a particularly good camel, offered
to buy it.
The merchant asked a very high price
and seemed unwilling to sell. The
policeman, however, said he would like
to have a look at it and the camel was
made to barraq i kneel i. While the
policeman was running his hand over
the animal he felt something hard and
discovered a slab of hashish weighing
l3i pounds stuck with glue to the ani
mals side. The remaining camels were
then searched and 185 pieces of hashish
were found on them, and the whole
party with the camels was arrested.
The system of fixing the hashish was
most ingenious—a small area the ex
act size and shape of the slab of hash
ish had been cut out of the animal's
hair by means of clippers, and the
clipped hair had been stuck on to one
side of the hashish and the other side
of the hashish, having been smeared
with the strong solution of glue; it had
been neatly fitted into the hole in the
hair and the place carefully smoothed
over.
* * * *
German Pensioners
Must Return Home.
Yenching Gazette. Peiping—All re
tired German Government employes
now living abroad and drawing pen
sions will be forced to return and
spend their income within the Father
land unless they can show "compelling
reasons" why they should be granted
permission to remain away, according
to a government edict under the emerg
ency decree.
The government has indicated that
it will not use oppressive harshness—
pensioners drawing $37 or less monthly
and living abroad with relatives will
be allowed to stay there. Any pensioner
failing to comply with the ordinance
will have his pension cut off. Those
who have acquired property in foreign
countries will be allowed six months in
which to dispose of it before returning.
* * * *
Jewish Editor Hits
Bombay School System.
Jewish Advocate. Bombay.—The
pressing question confronting the com
munity, but to which every one is will
fully blind, are the new innovations,
introduced in the school curriculum, in
so far as they do not go to solve th"
main issue. We possessed ourselves in
longing patience for the induction of
better teachers, upon whom we pinned
our faith and hope that they will im
prove the education of the Jewish boys,
but our hopes were falsified and they
turn out to be a delusion and a snare.
Instead of repairing the damage that
has been wrought by centuries of neg
lect and inertia, the changes that have
been brought into force are those of
grasping the shadow for the substance
and of making confusion worse con
founded.
The need of sound teaching is still
being ignored and left to draw in the
mire of indifference and disadvantage;
the superficial side has only been
touched by increasing the number of
school Intervals, by closing the gates
and shutting out the boys if they hap
pen to come late, and latterly many
pupils were dismissed because they
failed to pay the enhanced fees. If *
boy cr a class creates nuisance he or'
they are sent out of the school for
--- I
the whole day. These novelties are the
acme of folly and they simplv add In
sult to Injury, as the boys of this place
are very little prudent about their in
terests and are only too pleased to get
such dribs of holidays by enhancing
the causes of the event.
One can see, the whole week round
groups of boys near the school premises
making merry and fun like a swarm
ol bees glad at the advent of Summer,
and when the school closes the boys
go home as if they returned from
studies and thus throwing dust into
the eyes of their parents. Not only
their precious time Is wasted, but when
they have nothing to do the work of
Satan is taken up. pad so the boys are
brought up on lines of beguile and
deception.
It is an outlook which had spelled
and still spells untold detriment on th“
future career of the Jewish youth.
Ec er\ body is shirking responsibility and
trying to fasten the blame on the other
but whether this or that Is to blame’
the fact remains that this community is
guilty of neglect of a dutv of greatest
magnitude toward its sons and the
whole cause of Israel, ir is not cor
rect. as has been declared in c ruin
quarters, that our rich are parsimoni
ous, for it is an open secret that they
have too often parted with enormous
amounts and it is putting the matter
in its true perspective to say that they
do not know how to apply the money
to good and honorable uses.
Curb Parking and
Street Ownership
To the Editor of The Star:
Noticeably there is an inching closer
and closer to the time when automobile
night parking on public roadways may
be prohibited.
If such order be issued, somebody is
going to be haled into court for parking
his car in front of his house at night.
That one. possibly, may be a sub
urbanite.
On being arraigned, he mav inject
some liveliness into the proceeding by
producing a receipt showing that he
paid for the concrete or macadam on
which his automobile stands each night.
While it may be charged that he is
parking on a public roadway, his receipt
shows that he is actually parking on
a concrete or macadam covering for the
roadway, paid for with his own money.
He will be able to set forth that he
was compelled to pay for that part of
this concrete or macadam covering for
the roadway under threat that his pri
vate property would be sold to collect
if the work done were not paid for; but
he can prove, nevertheless, that he
paid for that covering and that he
was made an involuntary partner in
the covering of that roadway.
He may go so far as to claim a'right
to use what his own money paid for—
a denial of which might constitute a
taking of the roadway covering for
public use without compensating him
in the amount paid by him to provide
that roadway covering.
As Shylock could take hts pound of
flesh only by drawing not one drop of
blood, it is left for the learned and
wise to determine whether the sub
urbanite Is parking on a public road
way when his automobile stands each
night on a roadway covering paid for
with the suburbanite's own money.
JOSEPH W. CHEYNEY.
Educational Equalization.
From the Janeiville Dail> Gezette.
To show the trend of the times, the
Spring Valley school board fined the
superintendent, cut teachers’ salaries
end raised the my of the athletic
coach. w
NEW BOOKS j
AT RANDOM
I. G. M.
DEMOCRACY AT THE CROSS
ROADS: A Symposium. Arranged
by Ellis Meredith. New York:
Brewer, Warren & Putnam.
"Democracy at the Cross Roads” is
published under the auspices of the
Woman's National Democratic Club of
Washington, D. C.
In substance It is a symposium whose
contributors have long been prominent
and useful members of the Democratic
party.
Its declared purpose is to state afresh
the basic principles of that party. Its
manifest and deep-seated Intent also 1s
to review the nearer history of the
party by way of its achievements under
the administration of Woodrow Wilson.
Its opportune appearance at the front
door of the presidential campaign,
together with its sweeping claim of
superior service to the spirit of de
mocracy, suggests its immediate mission
as that of a campaign document.
And books this year appear to have
taken the place of the sheets and
pamphlets of other years in respect to
political information and instruction.
One wonders why. The rush, the burry,
the pressure of the moment would. It
seems, suggest tabloid literature in every
field. Not so, however, for in regard
to the political situation alone biog
raphies and period histories are more
numerous than ever before. Yet the
reading of books is no more general than
it has been. Again one wonders.
However, the matter In hand is this
particular book, with the highly com
petent effort that has been made to
render it of use in the direction upon
which it points. The names alone of
those gathered here in deliberation con
stitute an invitation to the general
reader. Newton D. Baker among them,
and Brand Whitlock. Thomas J. Walsh.
Robert F. Wagner. Carl Vrooman and
others high in the records of party
service and good citizenship.
a iic mat tiuipier uiic ui wit muat
useful. "The Record, 1914-1920," by
W. A. Ayer, M. C. The record consists
of a parliamentary survey of the Cleve
land administrations and a full recital
of the eighty years under Woodrow Wil
son. A generally eulogistic accounting,
deservedly eulogistic. Its occasional
gestures of regret and depreciation are
expended upon the obstructionist spirit
and policy of the other party.
Here are. in name, some of the ad
mirably illuminating studies of this
book; "The Federal Reserve Act," by
H Parker Willis; "Democracy Goes to
War," Newton D. Baker; "Democracy
as a World Ideal," John Holladay La
tane; "Imposts and Amity,” John W.
Dans, and "The Road Away From Revo
lution,” Huston Thompson. Others, be
sides. Together these give compre
hensive survey of what Democracy, as
a political party, has accomplished for
the good of the American people. These
inclusive studies do not fall, also, to de
fine shortcomings in the standards set
up by Democracy, nor do they fail to
outline reconstruction measures already
in mind, provided the voice of the peo
ple sets their party again in power. A
touch of childishness here and there
is swift to unload political misadventure
on the other side; "failed of Executive
approval," "received the President's
veto," describe such legislative shortages '
of the Utopian pattern as the party so
ardently sought, as the party more often
than otherwise achieved. Aside from
these occasional lapses into the familiar
political partisanship, here is a book of
admirable content. The various themes
arc important and pertinent. Its ex
positors are men of knowledge in the
field occupied by them. They are men
of high service to the party. They are
both intellectually and emotionally posi
tive that Jefferson and Jackson and i
Wilson embody the political principles i
by which alone a Democratic people is
able to fulfill itself. Together they
have rounded a body of political prin
ciples exemplified fully in national event
and situation of good or ill, as these
principles were on the one hand adhered
to and on the other hand allowed to
lapse for longer or shorter periods. To
gether they have spread the history, and
promise, of the party as a means of
hope to the American people in a time
of world confusion and distress.
A brilliant study. Clearly partisan In
method and effect. A quality that, quite
naturally, takes from it full measure of
influence, or conviction. But, never
theless. there are bodies of valid history
and expert opinion here that lift the
book well into the common need of
common people for a factual seizure of
many points in the history of one of
the two great parties upon which this
country depends for the formation of
its mechanics of Government.
* » * »
JOE BAILEY: The Last Democrat. By
Sam Hanna Acheson. New York:
Tlie Macmillan Co.
An "arrogant” title, this, the author
concedes, standing ready, no doubt, foi
a whirlwind of denial from the devoted
followers of the Democratic ideal, from
the ardent bearers of the party stand
ard. Yet. sturdily. Mr. Acheson stands
his ground, by way of a general re
evaluation of political parties of what
ever complexion. In the plaint of our
grandmothers "nothin' is what it used
to be " Folitics may indeed be included
in this general shift and drift and
change. While the old words go on in
endless iteration, a new substance has
taken the place of early rhetorical
values. Material things have supplanted
elaborate theories on "the rights of
man.” A thoroughly diffused industry
and its adequate emoluments are today
the sum and substance of political con
cern as well as of social and eco
nomic endeavor. Joseph Weldon Bailey
was prominent in political life just at
the parting of the ways, just at the
time when political theories, thin-spun
to useless fragility, had fallen apart to
make wav for a sturdier bond of na
tionality than even a golden cord could
supply. Something, since his day, in
the nature of a merger has taken place
between the two dominant parties as to
certain essentials. Stanchly denied, to
be sure, but essentially true nevertheless.
So. when "free trade” and "State
lights.” along with some lesser inher
encies, were still the trade-mark of his
party. Senator Joe Bailey did valiant
service toward the very day that now
shines upon the high cult of Wilsonian
democracy.
And here is the story of that pic
turesque and dominating figure in both
State politics and national legislation
Accident alone made of this man a
Southerner, ultimate upholder of the
Confederate cause. A pair of brothers
separated, one to remain in the North
and the other to drift southward,
made oi Mr. Bailey a legatee of South
ern interests and issues. And here he
was a valiant worker. He would have
been that anywhere. For this is a man
of bodily vigor and keenly active mind.
A temperament, calculated to accept
causes ar.d to follow them either in
support or annihilation. So, from youth I
to his accomplished public career, this
is the story of Senator Bailey, given
out in the robust spirit of the man him
self. The story, too. it proves to be, of
the important events and aspects of
American life running along beside his
own career.
In Congress a member of the minority.
Senator Bailey made himself felt as a
straight-thinking, public-minded man.
"His legislative career coincided roughly
with the movement toward social
democracy, that great ground swell of
revolt and reform which swept east
ward in an effort to curb the excesses
of the Gilded Age.” Such the direction
of this man's life, such the color of his
service to the country in a movement
which only now is at its height as a
paramount public movement. In his
day of public service this was but the
beginning of that which Bryan, Taft,
Roosevelt and Wilson pushed into the
present for solution and determination.
Within the study cf Senator Bailey is a
full current study of the politics and
industry of the State of Texas, his own
State. A carefully documented biog
raphy. Yet the question stands, “What
manner of man was Bailey?” Many
sides to the man. seemingly in contra
diction of one another when brought
[together. Certainly one of the great
constitutional lawyers, offered a place
on the United States Supreme Court by
President Taft. Assuredly a great
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
* by FREDERIC J. HASKIN.
What do you need to know? Is there
some point about your business or per
sonal life that puzzles you? Is there
something you want to know without
delay? Submit your question to Fred
eric J. Haskln. director of our Wash
ington Information Bureau. He Is em
ployed to help you. Address your in
quiry to The Evening Star Information
Bureau. Frederic J. Haskln, Director,
Washington. D. C, and inclose 2 cents
in coin or stamps for return postage.
Q. Has Secretary Hurley a sister who
is a religious?—M. B
A. Our Sunday Visitor, a Catholic
publication, says that Stster Aloysius, a
nun In the Convent of St. Joseph in
Denver, is the sister of the cabinet offi
cer. She entered a St. Louis convent
30 years ago.
Q How long will Old Ironsides be in
Washington, D. C?—W. F
A. The Constitution will remain in
definitely. There la no fee charged for
visiting the ship.
Q. Did women have the vote when
the prohibition amendment wag passed?
—H. B
A. The nineteenth amendment, en
franchising women, was not in force,
but several States had already given the
franchise to women. Actually the nine
teenth amendment did not become op
erative until August, 1920, and the pro
hibition amendment became effective
January 16, 1920.
Q. What nation has the largest for
est area?—M. E. L.
A. Asiatic Russia Is reported as hav
ing 1.136.153.150 acres. Brazil ranks
second with one billion acres. The total
world area Is 7,487,696,770 acres.
Q. Are there many people who do not
use electric lights?—H. R.
A. The Electrical World says that
slightly less than 30 per cent' of the
homes in the United States are not ,
electrified. Most of these homes are in [
sparsely populated regions. Between
1892 and 1907, 8 per cent of the homes
In the United States were electrified.
Q. How do scientists explain the great
age attained by Methuselah and other
patriarchs according to the Scriptures?
—D. W. R.
A. An Interesting solution Is proposed
by H. G. Wells In his "Outline of His
tory.” He says that the earliest re
corded reckoning was by means of
moons and generations of men. If the
age of Methuselah was reckoned by
lunar months, instead of years, it would
bring the ages of the patriarchs down
to about the average length of life.
Q. Is there a certain color that an
noys bees?—B W.
A. Persons who have to handle bees
are warned that It Is best to avoid black
clothing, since that color seems to ex- 1
cite bees; a black felt hat Is especially
to be avoided.
Q How many soldiers of the Span
lsh-Amerlcan War are drawing pen
sions?—R. L. E.
A. About 193,000.
Q What is the origin of the loving
cup as a sporting trophy?—R. W.
A. It was customary from very an
cient times to award prizes for athletic
prowess. In some of the ancient Greek
games, amphorae were given, these hav
ing a form similar to the modern loving
cup. In a survey of the town of Stam
ford, England, first published in 1646,
there is reference to a silver-gilt cup
being awarded for the local races.
Q. How high above the rails are the '
passenger platforms in England?—V. J. j
A. The passenger platforms in Eng
lish railroad station* are about three
feet above the rail.
Q. Are the flags of the City of New
York and of the mayor the same in de
sign?—I. O. R
A. The mayor's flag is the same In
design as the flag of the City of New
York, except that upon the middle
white bar there are above the design of
the seal, in a semi-circle, five blue five
pointed stars, typifying the five bor
oughs of the city.
Q Are lions’ skins used much as
furs?—J. I. s
A. Tlie principal use of a lion's skin
is for rugs with the heads mounted. In
some parts of Africa, however, they are
still the insignia of royalty, and their
use as cloaks or garments is restricted
to the reigning monarch.
Q. Should leaves be removed from the
lawn or allowed to remain on the
ground?—P. D.
A. Leaves from trees should be re
moved from the lawn, as they are likely
to injure the grass by smothering it,
especially when the layer is thick
enough to hide the grass Leaves con
tain very little available plant food and
are practically worthless as a fertilizer
unless composted until completely de
cayed. There is a rather general though
erroneous belief that the grass is bene
fited by the protective covering fur
nished by leaves.
Q. When was the Lee mansion in
Arlington built?—M. O
A. It was begun in 1804, but was not
completed until after the close of the
War of 1812.
Q Were halos used before the pic
tures of Christian saints and Christ
were made?—R. B.
A. There is evidence that aureoles or
halos were in use in earliest times as
an attribute to the deities. Aureoles
cave been found with the pictures of
the gods on some of the coins of the
Indian Kings Kanishka, Huvishka and
Vasudeva, 58 B. C. to A. D. 41. They
are also found in the deputation of
Egyptian deities, from which their use
spread to the Greeks and Romans.
Q. Who was the first King of Eng
land of whom there is record?—L. M
A. The first native King of England
was Caractacus, who reigned about A.
D. 51, and was captured and taken
is a prisoner to Rome.
Q. How tall is Babe Ruth, and how
much does he weigh? — T. R.
A. "Who's Who in Base Ball” says
he is 6 feet 2 inches in height and
weighs 210 pounds.
Q Who won the Daniel Guggenheim
Sold Medal in aviation this year?—G
A. Juan de la Cierva received the
1932 award of the Daniel Guggenheim
Gold Medal for outstanding work for
the promotion of aeronautics. Estab
lished in 1928 by the Guggenheim Fund,
this award is sponsored jointly by the
American Society of Mechanical Engi
neers and the Society of Automotive
Engineers.
Q What are meant by lake dwell
ings?—C. N.
A The name is applied to human
habitations built usually upon founda
tions of piles or posts, but also con
structed of trunks of trees, brush, earth
or stone, and erected on the shallow
borders of lakes, rivers and other in
land waters. These structures abounded
in Switzerland and adjacent parts of
Italy, France and Germany in the
Stone and Bronze ages, but are known
to have existed in many other parts of
the world.
Tax Measure Wins Confidence
Despite Criticism of Levies
Overshadowing other considerations
is the belief of the country that better
conditions will follow the enactment
of the national tax measure. It is
reoognized that it imposes burdens and
that there are some inequalities in the
schedules, but confidence for business
and industry that it is expected to pro
duce is emphasized. Some newspapers
believe the general sales tax would have
aided in producing better results. It is
suggested that in the short session of
Congress, after the income has been
more definitely determined, some relief
may be provided.
"The average citiien will serve him
self and his country best." says the
Charleston (W. Va.) Daily Mail, "by
bearing the increased burdens with a
smile and taking an intelligent Interest
in governmental affairs.” The Sioux
Falls Argus-Leader holds that “it will
dispel the peculiar impression in some
quarters that congressional expenditures
need not be paid by the people.” The
St. Louis Times sees the completion of
"a job that has been too long delayed,
but which, in its eSects, should be
worth the time that has been given
to it.” That paper remarks that "if
it doesn't do the job, all forecasters
are at fault.”
"It has one conspicuous merit; it is
finished business." advises the New
York Sun. with the comment that "if
Congress actually means to balance the
budget for 1933. it will have to be done
in December." The San Francisco
Chronicle asserts that "no solution of
a bad situation is really good, but this
solution is better than a better one after
’ong delay." The Chronicle adds. "Now
let Congress cut expenses." with the
conclusion: “ 'What did you do in thp
Great War on governmental extrava
gance’ is a question Senators and
Representatives will have to answer to
the voters next November " The Hart
ford Dailv Times says, "It is not a
scientific tax bill." but adds that "to
delav its passage longer would not be
justified.” , _ .
“Isn't it time.’* asks the Rochester
Times-Union. "to take a hitch in our
suspenders, resurrect a smile, buck up
the old courage and say: ’Bring on
your old billion-dollar tax bill. We
paid bigger bills than that during ihe
war. We can do it again'?’’ The
Boise Idaho Statesman finds "assur
ance to our country and the world that
our Congress has forgotten personal
political considerations,” and it be
lieves “we should refrain from the na
tional pastime of throwing pop bottles
at the performers." Th» Lowell Eve
ning Leader states that "the people
will shoulder the load with a minimum
of grumbling." while the Indianapolis
News is convinced that "American re
sourcefulness may be relied on to co
operate with the Government without
quibbling,” and the Oklahoma City
Oklahoman avers that "whatever it
costs in "xatlon burdens. America
must be .; anted first in the present
economic crisis.” The Pasadena Star
News says that "the American people
will be patient under the new taxing
and hope for lessened taxes in a com
paratively short time.” The Cleveland
News gives assurance that “there is no
fear the country will waver in its sup
port of the new program.”
* * * *
"It should result in a noticeable de
crease in the clamor for Federal ex
penditures.” according to the Chat-:
tanooga Times, while the Milwaukee
Journal finds that “the future looks
pretty dark for the officeholder who
orator. Yet there be those who still
hold to their skepticism as to his ability
and his achievements. However, the
concern with readers here is that this is
the story of an American who held to
the ideals of our great democracy: the
story of an able man. straight in his
thinking, prompt and sturdy in action.
Here is a picturesque figure, besides.
And to all of these this vigorous blog- |
rapher has given the justice of truth as i
he has been able to search it out, and 1
he has glv»t. besides, the drama of a
truly dramaNc careen, l
continues to talk about raising more
revenue or putting higher taxes on the
people .” The Providence Bulletin views
the tax bill as "what might be called
a humdinger" and predicts that "the
people will see to it that their repre
sentatives in Congress provide speedy
remedial action.” The Lincoln State
Journal calls the bill one that "should
remind every voter to keep an eye on
Congress."
A number of papers express regret at
the failure to adopt a general sales tax,
several of them adding other comments
on the situation. The Cincinnati
Times-Star, among these papers, states
that adoption of a tax program "should
reassure business and finance"; the
Yakima Morning Herald, that the legis
lators "lack the mass foresight and per
sonal fortitude to handle the fiscal af
fairs of this great Nation": the Morgan
town Dominion-News, that "the knowl
edge that the Nations financial house
is going to be put in order will have
far-reaching, if indefinable, effects
upon the mental condition of the peo
ple,” and the Chicago Daily News, that
"the prospect that the bill will pro
mote business confidence and enterprise
would be greater were it not for the dis
criminatory taxes stupidly levied on in
dustries arbitrarily selected." The Mil
waukee Journal feels that it "imposes
burdens which are bound to make tha
people politically vindictive in the face
of the obvious prodigality of a Congress
which simply does not know how to
economize."
* * * *
That the bill is unsatisfactory, but
accomplishes the purpose of balancing
the budget, is the judgment of the De
troit News, the Schenectady Gazette
and the Haverhill Gazette, while the
opinion that the action of the Govern
ment furnishes the turning point in
conditions is held by the Buffalo Eve
ning News, the Charleston <S. C.) Eve
ning Post, the Aitoona Mirror, the Oak
land Tribune, the Springfield tMass.)
Union, the Walla Walla Daily Bulletin
and the Abilene Reporter. Quoting
Gen. Dawes' statement that there is a
revival, the Port Huron Times Herald
concludes: Will it work out as Con
gress and Gen. Dawes expect? It is
practically up to the rest of the coun
try. Let's go.”
"It Is acceptable.” says the Phila
delphia Evening Bulletin, "only as a
matter of necessity, as the best that
could be secured from a disorganized
and leaderless Congress. * • * The
revenue bill ought to te a great educa
tor of the people in the matter of ways
and means of Federal taxation, and as
a foil should serve as a reminder of
the advantages and genius of the even
ly distributed sales tax. And if the
people are quick at their lesson, the
obnoxious schedule may be short Uved."
Condemnation of the consumers' tax on
electric energy is voiced by the Atlanta
Journal, which adds that "another
gravely objectionable feature is the
tariffs on oil. copper, coal and lumber
—all essentials of daily life and living.'’
On the other hand, the benefits to
be derived from the coal tariff are set
forth by the Scranton Times, while the
Portland Oregon Journal points to the
need of protaction for the lumber pro
ducers. The Minneapolis Journal speaks
for the “city man's taxes." with the
comment: "Should the tax on farms,
on city homes, on household goods, or
even on automobiles, be boosted five
fold in a single year, resultant indig
nation would shake the country. But
the income earner takes it on the chin
with scarcely a whimper."
"The country breathes a sigh of re
lief,” agrees the Roanoke World-News,
but at the same time it points out that
"The tariff clauses are indefensible”;
that "the bill is indefensible in its pro
vision for a Federal tax on gasoline";
that "the income tax schedules will
inevitably put a further premium on
investment in tax-exempt securities,"
and that "It is when one comes to the
hodge-podge of camouflaged sales taxes
that the bill evidences its greatest in
equality.” On the subject of related
economy, the World-News advises that
“there is need for continuous pressure
and continuous study over a period of
years to bring down the immense out
lays for overlapping agencies and du
plicated effort." ‘ ^ ‘

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