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,THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition. W1IHIKOTOH, D. C. WEDNESDAY.Juno 15, 1932 VHIODOKE W. NOYES-Editor Tho Ironing Star Newspaper Company Business Office: 11th 8t. and Pennsylvania Art New Yoik Office: 110 Rest 43nd 8t Rlcago Office: Like Michigan Building, ropean Office: 1« Regent St- London. England. Kate by Carrier Within the City. 'Jtie Evening Star.45c per month The Evening and Sunday Star (when 4 Sundays'.00c per month The Evening and Sunday Star (Whan I Sundayti .65c per month The Sunday Star .5c per copy Collection made at the end of each month Qrdera may be eem In by mail or teltpbone National 8000 Bote by Mall—Payable In Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Dally and Sunday.1 yr., no oo. 1 mo . 88c Daily only .l yr., 16 00: 1 mo . 80c Sunday only .1 yr.. 14.00; 1 mo . 40c All Other States and Canada. pally and Sunday.. .1 yr-112.00: 1 mo-SI.00 Daily only .1 yr.. if 00. 1 mo., 75c Sunday only .1 yr.. is.00: 1 mo.. 5jc Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is exclusively entitled to the use lot republicaiion of all news dis patches credited to it or not otherwise cred ited In this paper and also ihe local news published herein. All rtchtsof publication of special dispatches herein are also reserved. Something to Shout About. j Practically all of the color and the excitement at Chicago is furnished by the left-wing wets, those ardent advo cates of “repeal" whose flamboyant banners and parades "and monster mass meetings for the time being led some of the moat wishful of thinkers at the convention to suggest the possibility of a “stampede.” when, as a matter of fact, nothing was more Improbable. Thelr's was the excitement that spread through the hotel lobbies and seised the spotlight in an effort to convince the delegates that only one important Issue confronts the American people today, and that issue Is the ruthless scrapping of the eighteenth amend ment and all Its works. Their demonstrations, of course, are significant if only by contrast with the picture four years ago at Kansas City. But most of the uproar Is superficial. There never was much chance that the clamor would penetrate beyond the tightly sealed doors of the committee j looms, where the actual work of the platform framers takes place. And merely because the paraders may lose j their heads and the mass meeting ora- j tors grow red In the face, it does not I follow that the responsible leaders of a ' great political party will lose thelr's ' and allow themselves to be swept off j their feet by an artificially manufac- | tured tidal wave. For the tidal wave at v-mcago wuilu j finds expression In the loud talk for i repeal and nothing short of repeal is, | of course, manufactured. That veteran , observer at conventions, Mark Sullivan, i Is struck by the contrast between the j atmosphere he left In Washington and j the atmosphere he found in Chicago. Here the Congress, at the close of a long and painful session marked by feverish attempts to do something that would constructively combat the ef- | fects of an unparalleled national calam ity. is literally beseiged by a strange army of ragged men whose real mis alon has been to present, with stark and tragic realism, a picture of what has happened to once prosperous America. Thousands of men are living j In shacks of tin or wood or cloth or straw within sight of the Capitol dome. The atmosphere is tense, not so much with the expectancy of what might ' happen as with the painful knowledge j of what already has happened. But in Chicago the traditional Visitor from Mars would doubtless b? led to the belief that the one thing wrong with the United States is the eighteenth amendment; that the source of all iniquity, moral and economic, is j the eighteenth amendment; that the . cure of every ill lies in repeal of the eighteenth amendment; that the repeal of the eighteenth amendment would be followed by prosperity, sobriety, tem perance In all things and the abolition of crime. This wildly extravagant emphasis | upon one thing might be explained, in j Chicago, as the underlying causes ofi the bonus march have been explained ; In Washington. The crowds in Chicago must have something tangible with which to deal, something real and ! understandable to shout about. The crowds cannot become enthusiastic over schemes of the Reconstruction Finance Corporation any more than they can ahout themseives hoarse over the Gar ner bill. They choose repeal of prohi bition, just as the veterans choose the bonus, as a means of dodging more complex and abstract problems. The hungry man In Chicago has probably been led to believe that when prohibi tion Is repealed he will have food, just as the WTetched veteran on the Ana costla flats has been led to believe that v/hen the bonus is paid his troubles will end and a new day will have dawned. Vice President Curtis at seventy-two years is told that perhaps he is too old for a Vice President. Mr. Dawes at •i*ty-seven is suggested for the place. •Youth will be served!” The keynote speech might have been aafe In going so far as to mention pro hibition as "a subject on which much fem&tns to be said.'' A Dot Upon the Water*. The story told by Capt. James Wilson of the tanker Circe Shell descriptive of the rescue of Stanley Hausner, the Polish aviator, discloses the extremely narrow chance by which he was found In time to save his life. The lockout on the ship sighted something ahead that looked like a drifting buoy, but With peculiar markings on the top that arrested his attention. The light was waning and the visibility was low. but I the lookout decided that the object, | though more than a mile distant, was an airplane. He notified the command er, who ordered the ship's speed re duced, closing in on the derelict. Soon the figure of a man could be seen. A blast from the ship's siren aroused him and he moved and waved. A lifeboat was ordered away and. thcugh a rough aea was running and getting worse, the boat was taken alongside the plane and Hausner was helped into It. When he was taken aboard the Circe Shell forty live minutes had elapsed from the time of the sighting of the plane and night had fallen. There was a very small margin be tween Hauaner i rescue and hi* death. I | No other ship was near at hand. Had the lookout on the Circe Shell not spied the little dot upon the waters just as he did In a few minutes It would have been too dark to see it. Had the ship passed on without finding and rescuing him in all likelihood many hours would have passed, perhaps several days, before another vessel chanced along within eye-shot of this bit of flotsam. Hausner would probably not have survived another day, and the mystery of his disappearance would never have been solved. The plane itself might eventually have been found, though that is not certain. This Incident shows with what keen vision the surface of the sea is scanned by the lookouts on the craft that ply the ocean. They must be alert for everything. Everything that floats must be noted. There Is always peril on the surface. Although in con- i sequence of a wide-flung patrol of the seas in the safeguarding of navigation. ' derelicts are lessened in number, they still drift about to endanger ships. They cannot be seen in the darkness and then the peril is great er. The chances of a ship hitting a low-lying object are, of course, rela tively small. But occasionally disaster occurs from this cause. A floating airplane is but the most minute, microscopic dot upon the sur face of the sea. visible only a little distance as space goes in the great waste of waters. Yet this dot was seen by the lookout on the Circe Shell just barely in time, and another rescue in midocean was recorded. The Evacuation Problem. Gen. Glassford. Washington's chief of police, ts preparing a plan for the evacuation of tile bonus marchers when I the time comes for them to turn home- : ward. Nobody can tell when that time will arrive. They are apparently de termined to stay until the last chance of securing legislation In their favor has passed. That will be when the Senate, If the House should pass the bill, re jects the measure or, If It should be passed by both houses when the Presi dent vetoes It, as it Is now assured he will In that event. While a few of the marchers have already left, re alizing the hopelessness of the situation, the numbers of those now here are daily increasing as new contingents arrive. The numbers of those now within the District are undetermined. No record has been kept that can be relied upon. The estimates range from 12.000 to 18.000. To evacuate even the smaller number will be a task of magnitude. The District authorities cannot forc ibly eject these men. The only legal method of disposing of them. In case they refuse to go upon request. Is to! charge them with vagrancy, which j would entail their arrest and detention 1 as prisoners. That could only be done , by Impounding them In camps, where | they would have to be fed and properly housed. There are no facilities for their housing and there are no funds for their maintenance. There are no public works upon which they could be em ployed In return for their subsistence. Probably no American community was ever so beset with unwanted visitors in such numbers and in such a spirit of determination to remain This is in truth not a local problem, but it is. nevertheless, a local burden The details of Gen. Gla&sford's plan will be awaited with great interest. If he has found a way to get these men out of Washington, and. what Is more, to insure their continued prog ress toward their homes, so that they will not return, he will, indeed, have rendered a great service. It would not do merely to take these | men to the District boundaries and. turn them loose upon the States of' Maryland and Virginia in the expecta- 1 tion that those States would pass them | on along their respective routes home- I ward, and yet that is precisely what the States through which they have come have in effect done. They have in some cases facilitated the marchers in their descent upon the Capital, have provided trucks, have permitted the selsure of trains, have supplied provender, have given, indeed, with few exceptions, all possible aid and comfort to the thousands centering upon Washington. If the men go back as they have come, in squads and companies, brigades and divisions, they w ill presumably be expedited through the States, lest they stop on the way and become charges upon the public bounty. European nations are saying that there is not enough interest shown in international affairs by American poli ticians. As Ambassador Mellon deli cately suggested—when a momentous national convention Is under way there are still base ball scores to be read over the radio. A dignified Invocation did not go far in stimulating enthusiasm at the open ing of the convention. If an early show of excitement was desired it might have been better to call in an old-fashioned evangelist. Death in the House. Yesterday, for the third time in its history, the proceedings of the House of Representatives were checked by the hand of death. Representative Edward E. Esliclt of Tennessee was stricken while he was delivering a speech on the bonus bill and, taken immediately from the chamber, died a few minutes later in one of the waiting rooms. When his death was announced to the House It adjourned at once in respect, and when the fact was made known to the Senate, it. too, closed Its session. The flret death to occur in the course of the proceedings of the House of Representatives was that of Repre sentative Thomas Tyler 'Bouldin of Virginia, who was mortally stricken while in the course of a speech Feb ruary 11. 1834. The House then oc cupied the chamber now known as Statuary Hall in the oldest portion of the structure. Fourteen years later, February 24, 1848, John Quincy Adams, who had been elected as a Representa tive two years after he concluded his term as President of the United States, was seized with a mortal stroke while sitting in his place in the House cham ber and was removed to the Speaker’s room, immediately adjoining, where he died two days later. After his attack he spoke only nine words, immediately before his death: "This is the last of earth; I am content.” Mr. Eslick's death Is the first that has occurred virtually within the chamber of the House since the occupation of the preeent fb*U of aaaembly. Several members have died within the precincts of the Capitol, the latest death there being that of Representative Martin Madden of Illinois, who was stricken April 27, 1628, while lr his office. The case of Mr. Adams is the one that is most notable, on account of his service as President and his subsequent long-continued membership in the House. He had hoped, upon his retire ment from the presidency, to remain in private life, but was Induced to permit his friends in Massachusetts to present his name for the "Braintree district" representativeshlp. He was continued in that place for seventeen years and was one of the most influential and effi cient members of the lower branch of Congress. The place where he fell from his chair in the old hall of the House is now pointed out to visitors by the guides, likewise the room in which he passed from life. To Lessen an Injustice. Some of the smoke from the nip and tuck battle among the conferees over the form that the pay cut will take Is seen In the contradictory statements emanating from the conference room. Senator Smoots positive assurance that the furlough plan will be chosen is as positively denied by other mem bers of the conference, and as all are honest men the Government employe— who thus far has been presented with the choice between the devil and the deep, blue sea—Is cruelly subjected to continued doubt. The conferees know that a pay cut without substantial exemptions is a vicious blow at a large group of fahh ful men and women already poorly paid. They know that the furlough plan, if conceived as an enforced lay-ofl and not as an emergency measure designed to save the Jobs of those who otherwise would be discharged, is a pay cut in an other form that In some cases would prove Impractical. Both houses of Congress have now refused to make the I pay cut In any form without exemp- ] tlons. It Is the plain duty of the con ferees to exempt from any cut or fur- i lough that majority of Government ] workers who fall within the salary class j of 12.500 and under, and to treat the I furlough plan only as a method of i saving jobs when shortage of approprl- 1 ations threatens dismissals. The con- j ferees should hasten to decide on the least injurious scheme as quickly as possible. They certainly owe that much to the already heavily burdened Fed eral employe Government, bands are advised to play j "Home. Sweet Home." In hope of caus ing the bonus marchers to become home- j sick. Anything that might help in the situation will be worth trying, but the j men got so used to singing "We Won't I Go Home Till It's Over" that the line i of thought may be a habit. 8ome experience as a newspaper writer : stands to the credit of Calvin Coolidge. With the keen perception for which he is noted, lie could not fail to recall that the only man who stampeded a conven tion was W. J. Bryan. And even if he thought of chocsing to run, he has little in common with Bryan. SHOOTING STARS. BY PHILANDER J0HN80N. History Goes on Repeating. Wa.ing flags and singing songs Loud complaint by thirsty throngs. Speakers w’ith not much to say, Then the band begins to play. Same old bragging as of yore Same old leaders keeping score. Same old smiling, same old frown In Chicago—same old town. Same old prophecy so wise. "Look out for some great surprise.” If it comes, you'll hear ’em say. Just the same old Grand Stand Play! Illumination. ‘They say lightning never strikes twice in the same place ” "It isn’t true." replied Senator Sor ghum. "It's like the political spotlight. If you stand still it's about as likely to find you as if you were yourself out chasing it ” Jud Tunkins says the boy* who used to get into the circus by carrying water to the elephants are aorrv to see the Grand Old Pachyderm acting as if he wasn't thirsty any more. Specialists in Eloquence. Applause for speakers was far from im mense. When the manager came with a bouncer. The speaker said "Wherefore demand eloquence, Since I am no radio announcer!” Business in the Old Gulch. "How are things going in the old Gulch?” asked the traveling salesman, "About as usual.” answered Cactus Joe. "Nobody's doing any real business except the bootlegger and the bell hops.” "He who ha* but a poor argument," said Hi Ho, the sage of Chinatown, "must vociferate in order that those who might expose its weakness may not be heard.” Musically Related. Mighty melody abounded. Politics was at its best When the keynote boldly sounded Prohibition played at rest. "I don't enjey politics like I used to,” said Uncle Eben. "Dar's gittin’ to be too much conversation an’ not enough music by de band.” A Way to Dispose of The Bonus Problem To the Editor of The Star: I wish to make a suggestion that appears to me and a number of my friends to whom I have submitted the idea as the solution of the very dif ficult and distressing problem now con fronting the American people. Suppose that Congress pass a law granting the full payment of the bonus to the veterans under the following conditions, assuming that the average amount due a veteran to be $750: Pty 20 per cent, say, on July 1, 1932, and 10 per cent each month there after until tile full amount of the bonus is paid. This would carry the payments over the next Winter, to March 1, 1933. and if by that time the present Government is not able to improve the economic condition and reduce unemployment, I am in favor of turning out the legislative and the executive branch of the Government and putting the veterans or some other body of American citizens in charge of the Government. JOHN J. ENOELDRUM. THIS AND THAT BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL. Sometime* It seem* as if the leaa a person knows about a thing the more positive he becomes in talking about it. Hence one must always be suspicious of the decisive speaker who makes large use of the "tone of command" on un important matters. Maybe he is just trying to cover up lack of real knowledge. The art of bluffing may be used else where than in a poker game. Many persons rely on It without exactly understanding that they do. If they were to be told that they were bluffing, they would deny it Indignantly, but let us see. Here is a fair lady who knows noth ing at all about architecture. and would be the first to admit It, if she was asked point blank about the subject. But show her a photograph of a fine Colonial heme, and begin to tell her something interesting about the house, Instantly she pops up with the fol io w'ing: “Oh, what an ugly-looking house! It's too tall!" Now, as a matter of simple fact, the house is very good-looking, if one hap pens to know the slightest thing In the world about the true Colonial and its modifications to fit city situations. This Is an old brick, made over under the supervision of one of the city’s best architects, a men who by no means would have stirred a finger on the project unless he had been convinced that the house was basically worth while. and that he could make it a better property through the expenditure ■ of his intelligence and somebody rise's money. The result was all that he and his client had hoped it would be, a par ticularly fine example of old Colonial architecture, as found in a closely crowded city. Yet the lady critic’s one plea was that the house was "too high." As a matter of fact. If the home had been built in the center of a large field, or park, it conceivably might have been open to some such criticism. Its posi tion in a crowded block, however, in one of the older sections of the city, squarely removed it from being subject, 1 at hast fairly, to such a remark. Its apparent height was due, mostly, to the fart that it had been placed sidewise on the lot. the entrance being on one side. What the passerby did, of course, was look at it from the side, from which position the width was not subject to reproach. There was plenty of width there Yet the lady in question, without once stopping to make a real Inspec tion of the photograph, without know ing a thing in the world about the re^ latlon of houses to their sites, spoke forth boldly and very positively on the fiist theme that came into her mind. This, of course. Is > natural proceed ing; alas, too natural! Due to Its wide spread dissemination many woes are caused which otherwise would not add their weight to the already heavy bur den which the mind of mankind car ries. Ordinarily these positive speakers do not hold their fire, or wait to see in which direction the attack of the enemy < for that, apparently, is what they take the remarks of others to bei will be directed. All they sense, apparently, is that something will -be expected of them. | and this unknown demand is more than they are willing to face In a mild form their action is in response to the ancient precept, that "the wicked flee when no man pursueth, but the righteous are bold as a lion.” It 1s amazing the number of appli cations this proverb has. and none more apt than in this matter of at tempting to attack a subject inimlcably. rather than run the chance of being involved In a conversation in which ona may plainly expose themselves to the charge of Ignorance. One does not even receive the bene fit of honest criticism, for the person making the charge—as in the case of the critical lady who did not like the house, so she said, because It was "too high’’—the critic is crlticlUng in words only, not through conviction, and espe- , dally not through knowledge. Conversation, the oft abused, now 1 gets another siap in the face. In the last analysis, the thing gets down to the necessity for holding one's tongue, not permitting the first thought to leap into sound. One's first thoughts on strange sub jects normally do not amount to much. Every one knows that, but every one does not speak in that faith. It is a blessing, nothing less, which nature has showered upon us, this abil ity to refrain from speaking out one's inner thoughts. There is no compulsion in the mat ter. No one can tell what a person is thinking, so long as he keeps his mouth shut Here is one province where expedi ency and decency ought to rule. To say exactly what one thinks, at the time, is scarcely ever expedient, and is not always the decent thing to do. One cannot do it in print; the libel laws take rare of that. But In speech many foolish and ut terly unnecessary things are said off hand by people who ought to know better and who, sure enough, do know better. Knowing a thing and doing it. of course, are two entirely different mat ters. as mankind has been finding out all these centuries. It does seem a great deal of a shame, however, when nature has endowed us with such a splendid brake on thought, tire tongue, which must be put into action before the thought goes on dis play, usually, that we are not able to use this retarding quality more, but must slide along the easiest road, saying right out the thoughts which pop into our heads, whether they be silly thoughts, or idle thoughts, or mean thoughts, or good thoughts, worthwhile thoughts. One may be inclihed to think, there fore. that the man or woman who is always making caustic criticisms about people and facts is thinking from the point of the tongue, not from the brain. The very positive manner, in ordinary conversation, is somewhat wearying on the nerves of listeners, and no doubt tends to "give away" the person who knows little but wants to make that little appear much The real authority. In any line, al most never adopts the so-called "tone cf command." the rather loud, rapid, and extremelv positive accents com monly associated with talk to an In ferior. When this way of speaking is brought into play in average conversation, on the great grist of matters about which human beings ordinarily talk. It Is a dead giveaway, as it is sometimes called. There is no need for It. Why does this person use it? The ranking architect, if he had criti cisms to make of a house, would prob ably preface it with some good point in its favor which he had managed to discover, along with the faults. This instantly would show that he hod taken a real look at the place, had used his brain, and his eyes, too. be cause he had not spoken out as the re sult of one instant and fleeting glance, i Instead of being suspicious of him. ! the observer would be prejudiced in his favor from the very beginning. The , man used his head as well as his eyes, j The fair conclusion Is that Instant 1 fault-finding criticism, whether of a house, a book, or a man. Is the criti cism of Ignorance, in most cases It should be dismissed as such, and ' usually is. when the other party to the i conversation permits the irritation which the remark caused to wear off. "Like water off a duck's back"—I that is the way most conversation should go. “Into one ear and out the | other" — most instant rejoinders, such . as we have discussed, deserve no better , fate. Even one ear is too good for 'em. | I CHICAGO OBSERVATIONS BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE. CHICAGO. June 15—In one respect this Republican National Convention is a blessing and a boon. Nobody is talking about depression. Prohibition is responsible. That's the whole topic of conversation and discussion, morn ings. noons and nights. Were a mes senger from Mars suddenly to descend on the embittered and embattled scene, he would be bound to conclude that the salvation of the republic depends at this hour not upon normalizing the economic situation, but exclusively upon retention, revision or repeal of the eighteenth amendment. If the conven tion had been condemned to" devote Itself to the current indoor and outdoor sport of America, that of vailing over tiie hard times, Chicago would have lent a most sympathetic ear. Natives at another cate tell us that up to the hour tne elephant pitched hi* tent here this week Mayor Cermak's fellow townsmen, too. were victims of the depression complex. The throbbing metropolis of the Midwest, ha* been ter ribly hit. With the passible exception of Detroit, probabiy no big community in the country has felt the financial blight more keenly. If Charley Dawes resists a 'iren call to run for Vice President on the Hoover ticket, the real reason will be that his bank feels that "Hell and Maria’s" Arm hand cannot be spared from the Chi cago economic throttle at this critical hour. Vice President Curtis, should fate to morrow decree his dethronement from the Senate rostrum, still has a chance to run for the Upper House from Kan sas. Filing time for August primary nomina tions does not expire in the Sunflower State until next Monday. The veteran statesman, who began life as a jockey. Is accustomed to homestretch finishes and he can get under the wire yet if he makes up his mind to aspire to his old time Senate seat. Former Gov. Ben Paulen has announced for the Repub lican nomination, but so far. or at least up to yesterday, had not filed for the primary. Chicago is speculating whether the Vice President would take advantage of his opportunity, in case he Is not re placed as a G. O. P. standard bearer. Mr. Curtis would, of course, start with a handicap should he determine to fight it out with incumbent Democratic Sen ator McGfil in November. Victims of the spirit of revolt against all "ins.” of which the political season everywhere brings daily evidence, re ceived notable additions in Chicago this week. The casualties in the Republican Na tional Committee, especially among woman members, attract particular at tention. The most eminent bobbed head to fail is that of Mrs. Ellis A. Yost, dis placed as national commltteewoman from West Virginia after having served In that capacity since her sex crashed the gate 8 or 10 years ago. Mrs. Yost's position as chairman of the women’s dlvialon of the Republican party failed to save her. She was cast into the outer darkness as the result of an ancient feud with West Vir ginia’s national committeeman, Walter S. Hallanan. Mrs. Yost’s friends say that nothing but Jealousy over her in fluential contacts at Washington and in the Republican party led to her banishment. It is expected she will be retained at the head of the wom en's division, which has been efficiently organized under her direction. Two other committee women who lost their icbs at Chicago are Mrs. Na thaniel Thayer of Massachusetts and Mrs. Bina West Miller of Michigan, both shining lights, like the falr-halred West Virginian. * * * * Tony Oermack, the burly Democratic mayor of the convention burg, be lieves It pays to advertise. All policemen in the city are wear ing white armlets emblazoned with this legend. "Welcome, G. O. P.. A. J. Cermack. Mayor." * * * * Within the nest 36 hours Charles G. Dawes may be called upon to make a vital decision. Here Is a story, authoritatively vouched for to this observer, which indicates how the wind may blow. In June. 1924. when the Republican con vention at Cleveland nominated Dawes for Vice President, after Frank O Louden of Illinois had refused to be drafted. Gen. Dawes was sitting in the ancestral home at Marietta, Ohio, with a couple of his brothers. They were listening In on Cleveland by radio. Soon there came over the wave lengths the news that Dawes would be given second place on the Coolidge ticket. One of his brothers spoke up and asked, "How about it. Charley?" The exact reply Is not available, but it was to the effect that If the call earner, Dawes would feel he had no right to turn it down. * * * ♦ Senator Fess of Ohio, chairman of the Republican National Committee, who rapped the convention to order half an hour late yesterday, was man ifestly perturbed by its refusal to be punctual. At anv rate, he got things started without prayer, which Bishop Freeman of Washington was all set to deliver. Proceedings were actually under wav 10 or 15 minutes before Senator Fess suddenly recalled that the divine bless ing had not been asked. . Thereupon. Bishop Freeman's sono rous voice, which does not need the benefit of amplifiers, boomed through the stadium. * * * ★ What Is wrong with this convention, which opened in a blaze of unparalleled dullness, but will be a vastly different kind of a show before this day is over, is the absence of stalwart old-timers. The congressional set. which ordi narily bestrides a convention like the Colossus of Rhodes, is almost totally missing at Chicago. It's hardly like a Republican pow wow at all. with Senators like Jim Wat son. Bill Borah. George Moses and Ar thur Capper not answering "Present." On the other hand, the cabinet set has not for years been so conspicuously represented. The extreme wetg are bitterly peeved over that clrcumstnce. They're talking about Hoover’s "packed jury." One of the dampest brethren thinks the President should have done what Cal Coolidge did in 1924 and forbid any member of his official household to turn up at the Cleveland convention. * & $ * Alice Longworth and former Repre sentative Ruth Hanna McCormick Simms are renewing their comradeship at the convention. The late Speaker’s widow Is easily the most popular woman in Chicago. Newspaper reporters, cameramen and broadcasters have so far besieged "Princess Alice’’ In vain for interviews, movietone pictures and radio talks. Mrs. Longworth lately was a whoop ing cough victim, but the Chicago breezes seem entirely to have allayed her bark. * * * * President William Green of the American Federation of Labor said at a big convention trades union luncheon for Secretary of Labor Doak, amid thunderous applause: “All of us have faith in the indus tries of the country. We will pull through, there is no doubt of that. I am proud of the record of labor during the depression.’’ * * * * Dry political pleaders were flabber Revive the “Home Club” | To Reduce Expenses To tbo Editor of Tbe Btor: The onslaught made upon incomes and salaries of Government clerks in Washington and the disposition of some stores to increase the prices of the necessaries of life would seem to call for an awakening among the Federal work ers and an attempt to meet the situa tion. Various attempts at co-operative buy ing on a large scale have been made In this city, with indifferent success. When times were reasonably good and there was no menace to the pay of clerks they did not see why they should bestir themselves to save money, but now the time has come for serious action. Co operative buying units should be formed on a larger scale than tried heretofore to meet the cuts In pay and possible In come taxes that threaten a double bur den to the already poorly paid workers for Uncle Sam. Perhaps the moat ambitious plan ever tried In this city to help the Govern ment employes was the Home Club, or ganized In the Department of the In terior by Secretary Franklin K. Lane In 1915, or perhaps a little earlier. Seventeen hundred employes of that department, each paying dues of 50 cents a month, se cured reductions in the purchase prices of groceries and other commodities rang ing from about 10 to 15 per cent. Aboard of directors, with Secretary Lane at the head, was formed of officials, who served without pay and outside of working hours, and In turn there were commit tees and subcommittees from the same source who came in contact with sources of food and other supplies, which enabled the members of the Home Club to secure those supplies st wholesale prices or less, saving their membership fees many times over. A paid manager attended to the business of collection and distribution of groceries, etc. The writer was chairman of the Committee on Food Supply and succeeded In se curing farm produce, canned goods, meats, etc., at wholesale prices. The late E J. Ayers, then chief clerk of the Interior Department and later holding the same position in the Department of State, was one of the first proponents of this Home Club and a leading direc tor. and later was interested in the opening of cafeterias in Government buildings. The results were far-reach ing and important, and Mr. Lane was so enthusistlc about it that he endeav ored to organize a consolidated Home Club and co-operative buying units for all department clerks In Washington. Mr. C. J. Medzlkhovskl. then commer cial attache of the Russian embassy, took much Interest in this movement and assured this writer that without co operative buying the employe* of the Russian government could not exisst Of course, the retail merchants of the city did not relish the situation, and they took steps to combat the Home Club's co-operative operation. The Heme Club, fostered by one of the most brilliant men ever in the Federal em ploy and aided by the volunteer efforts of numbers of devoted followers, went out of business, although there are various co-operative buying units still In existence. The writer recently purchased a dozen eggs at a chain store where the prices are supposed to be at a minimum. There was some objection to the price, and a clerk in the store admitted to th» customer that he himself was buving eggs from a farm delivery wagon for 7 cent* under the store price, and that was at least 2 cents over the ordinary wholesale price as shown in the daily market reports No one wishes to undermine the re tail business, but th" interests ot the public and especially those of the mothers and fathers of families, many of whom are about to have their source of Income curtailed, are paramount. It Is better that the already swollen incomes of some merchants should suffer a little than that the bread winners and supporters of children and other dependents should b“ driven to the wall to meet their living expenses. What is needed is for Federal employes to organize on a grand scale on the llnas of a big home club to buy food and other supplies by the trainload, if necessary, from farms and factories, and meet the situation. In view of the low and still falling prices of bread grains, the price of bread ha* no excuse for remaining at the present figure, and it is the same with other commodities. The remedy is organization for co operative buting. LINDSAY 8. PERKINS. Advises Congress to Read Lincoln's Words i i To the Editor of The Star: I have been a pstlent at Emergency : | Hospital for about three weeks now . | , and it's getting very lonesome. After | I reading The Evening Star I thought I I would donate a few words to the mem- 1 bera of our Congress. I have never J seen the Inside cf a high school, but | I understand the difference of down i hill and uphill. From my personal i human point of view the Nation has J done business downhill In the Iasi i three years Englneeri In the Congress I are struggling and working hard to : keep the Nation's applecart from go ing Into the ditch. Evidently Congress needs an adequate supply of honest words In Us vocabulary. They have failed to study Our dear Abraham Lincoln's speeches and works are with in their retch. Deluded are the con gressmen that doom the American I people for the seasons to come. We realise that there Is no end to knowl edge and no end to progress. And the works of Abraham Lincoln will be car ried on forever. Abraham Lincoln warned Congress and future Congresses In hi-, repeated liberal speeches. If we don't inherit the backbone from our forefathers we become a weak Nation. PETEP. DEROW. A Plan to Redeem The Bonus Marchers I To the Editor of The 8t»r: The veterans in Anacostla Park are a symbol of a serious problem In this country that has not been solved by Congress, the churches, the Associated Charities or the Community Chest. They | are Americans and represent millions i who cannot get work and who suffer for the necessities of life In this country I 1 of vast wealth. Handing out doles in the form of money, food, clothes, etc., does not solve the problem. | There are many million acres of waste land in this country. Why can i not the Government, either Federal. | State or both, build homes for workers I on this waste land and have the land planted for future forests. The workers could pay rent out of the money they received for work- A tree crop is too slow a crop for an individual to depend upon for a livelihood, but It would be an Investment for the United States or 1 any individual State to transform waste land into magnificent forests. A constructive Nation-wide movement of this kind would furnish work for people along all lines and result lh oermanent wealth and beauty for the United States. BLANCHE C. HOWLETIT. I Long Time Since Tom Marshall. | Prom the Toledo Blade. Possibly we rolled along too serenely under the impression that all the coun try needed was a good 5-cent cigar. Roosevelt's Handicap. Prom the Toledo Blade. Since Clarence Darrow has declared for Roosevelt for President we look for an acquittal or a deadlocked jury. gasted last night by a suggestion ten dered to them that John D. Rockefel ler. jr.. should be nominated for Vice President. The proposal was hotly re jected. “Why should we put a premium on high treason to our cause/* was the retort resentful. Even the prospect | that John D.’s presence on the ticket would have certain financial advantages in these lean times failed to evoke en thusiaua. (Copyright, IMS.) ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS BY FREDERIC J. HASKIN. This Is a special department devoted to the handling of Inquiries. You have at your disposal an extensive organiza tion in Washington to serve you in any capacity that relates to information. Write your question, your name and your address clearly and inclose 2 cents, in coin or stamps, for reply. Send to The Evening Star Information Bureau Frederic J. Haskin, director, Washing ton, D. C. Q. Do drivers ever fall asleep while driving automobiles?—C. R. A. Many accidents are caused because tired drivers momentarily lose con sciousness while driving. This is true not only of men who make a business of driving, but of those who on pleasure trips press on beyond a safe limit with out rest. Q. Do many movie stars travel by air?—F W A The Air-Graph says that among the recent travelers were Douglas Fair banks. Mary Pickford, Richard Barthel mes, Will Rogers, Ann Harding. Ever ett Horton, Wallace Beery. Lil Dag over, Lawrence Tlbbett. Nancy Carroll Dolores Del Rio. Bebe Daniels. Lupe Velex. Zasu Pitts, Victor McLaglen. Claire Windsor. Harry Langdon. Sally O’Neill and Marie Duncan. Only a ahort time ago movie contracts prohib ited stars from riding in airplanes. Q. Has Spain any crown Jewels?— S. B. A. In the strict sense of the term, Spain has no crown jewels. W wnen Will the Olympic games postage stamps be put on sale?—M. D A. On June 15 in Los Angeles, Calif The stamps are of 3 and 5 cent denomi inatlons. Q When is a man too old to enlist in the Army and Navy?—E. C. A The maximum age for enlistment is 35 years. Q How many miles of water front has Massachusetts?—Z. H L. A. The mainland of Massachusetts has a water front of 420 miles. The island water frontage of the Common wealth is 250 miles. Q Are the various concessions in Government buildings operated by pri vate concerns?—J. A. W. A. They are operated by the Welfare and Recreation Department, which is an organisation composed of Govern ment officials and is not profit-making Moat of the cafeterias are operated by this association. Q How long did it take Lewis Car roll to relate "Alice in Wonderland"?— M E. A. Almost the entire narrative was told "at one sitting" on the afternoon 1 of June 2. 1862 The poems were later added to the story. Q What is a nagalka?—L. H. A. This is the name of & Cossack whip. Q Was Benedict Arnold lame?—J. W A Serious thigh wounds received at Quebec and at Saratoga occasioned his having a shortened left leg. He re ferred to himself as having "become a cripple in the service of my country.” j Q What was t.he origin of the name Shelter Island, Long Island, N. Y?— i F. D A. Shelter Island was bought in 1651 for 1.800 pounds of Muscovado sugar by the Sylvester family. On it was ea t-ablished a shelter and refuge for per secuted Quakers from New England. Q Where do the 4-H Club members camp while in Washington?—C. C. A. The tents are now being pitched , on the Department of Agriculture grounds for the 6th annual national 4-H Club camp, to be held from June 15 to 21. Q. Are the fossilised remains of the Java ape man supposed to be those of a man or a woman?—W. R A Dr. Alex Hrdlicka of the Smith sonian Institution says that they are believed to be the remains of a tall, elderly, pre-human woman. Q Who is the author of “One Is nearer God's heart in a garden than any place on earth?"—E. G. A. The poem is by Dorothy Frajttee Gurney and is called "The Lord Planted a Garden.'’ Q What is the value of the gold >» a $20 gold piece? What alloy does see coin contain?—B. C. L. A. The value of the gold in a $20 gold piece is $20 at the time it leaves the mint. Some of the weight is lost by abrasion in circulation. Copper is the alloy used in gold coins. The value is a negligible amount, as only 5160 grains of alloy are contained in the coin. Q Who is the new premier of Japan? —L. R A. He is Admiral Viscount Makoto Salto. He is 73 years old, and is a Liberal. Q When was fishing classed aa a crime in New York?—T. E. B A. A statute passed in New York, 1657, prohibited ride* for pleasure in boats, carts, and wagons, and all other amusements, fishing, running, and rov ing in search of nuts and strawberries, and too unrestrained and excessive playing. The first offense was punish able by fine of 6 guilders, with a double sum for the second offense Por a third transgression, the culprit was to be summarily punished and corrected on the body. Q Are the British Isles and Ireland considered part of the great European continent?—L. M. A. They were joined to the European continent within the last few hundred thousand years and have always been considered geographically and au thentically a part of Europe. Q. Was William Randolph Hearst ever elected to Congress?—J. A C , A He served In the Fifty-eighth and Fifty-ninth Congresses, from 1903 to 1907. He was elected from the eleventh New York district. Q 8hould peonies be transplanted in the Spring or in the Fall?—A. R. A. Peonies may be transplanted while thev are dormant, late In the Fall or early In the Spring Unless peonie* ere artificially cultivated or forced they usually should not be expected to bloom until 'the year following their trans plating. Q Is there a new picture gallery In Vatican City?—C. 8. T. A. A new building designed to house scientifically many fine works of art has recently been constructed. It will soon be formally opened by the Pope. Q. What is cannel coal?—D. L«. A. It is a grade of bituminous coal believed to have originated from mate rials different from those ordinarily termed bituminous coal. It is charac terized by its high percentage of vola tile matter and its burning readily with a long flame Cannel coal is used in the manufacture of illuminating gas and as a domestic fuel for open-grate fires It is also used for steam pro duction, like ordinary bituminous coal. Q. How wide is the roadway on tog the Great Wall of China?—J. M. A. It is 15 feet in width. Roekfeller’s Statement Believed Strong Wet Asset The statement of John D Rocke- ' feller, jr., that he and his father have become convinced that the prohibition amendment should be resubmitted has aroused national interest because of. the former strictly dry stand of the two men While some press comments dispute the correctness of the facts in i his statement that drinking has in creased under prohibition, it is gen erally conceded that such a reversal ( of opinion by a prohibitionist carries a great dea! of weight. 'Originally a friend of the move- j ment." says the Milwaukee Sentinel, “he has been converted by observing the experience of the Nation under this costly folly. And that admission carries much more weight than could the utterance of any man who had not been enlisted in the dry cause.", His statement, as viewed by the Ann Arbor Daily News, "deserves heed be cause it constitutes a clear-cut delinea tion of the attitude of many former prohibitionists who have become 'antis' in recen* years, not because they have become fcr.d of liquor, but because they Ixlieve the disadvantages of prohibi tion offset its advantages." His letter' "has a deep significance and is likely to have a powerful influence,” is the view of the New York Times. "Not in recent years have the ad vocates of a dry Nation received such a heavy blow.” avers the Oklahoma City Oklahoman, pointing cut. however: "It is nothing but his opinion. Many people will differ from him. Despite his positive assertion, many still re main unconvinced that the amount of liquor consumed is increased by the difficulty of obtaining it. Many citi zens who know the country's habits Just as well as Rockefeller knows them firmly be’ieve that drinking has dimin ished. It is ell a matter of opinion and most opinions are colored by local conditions.” * * * * “Mr. Rockefeller, as the public is aware." according to the Roanoke Times, “is not given to precipitate or impulsive statements. He has at his command probably the most extensive and expert research organization in the world. He has not come out against the eighteenth amendment, the country can rest assured, except after careful and intensive study of the facts and figures bearing on the situation. His statement shows that. Undoubtedly he has the requisite information about the way prohibition has worked—or. rather, has not worked—to blow the league out of the water if it pushes him too closely. The league will be well advised to let Mr. Rockefeller alone. It has troubles enough of its own as it Is.” The Davenport Democrat Is convinced that this leading Baptist and philan thropist “has come reluctantly to his decision,” and feels that he offers “rea sons enough to make an open-minded friend of temperance change his views.” The Escanaba Dally Press upholds the view that “the moral and social angles of the prohibition question are of para mount Importance." The Charleston (S. C ) Evening Post holds that “the merit of the Rocke feller renunciation of national prohi bition because of the balance of evil It has brought against any good it may have accomplished lies chiefly in its completeness.” The Evening Post con cludes: “There is confusion and chaos immediately an alternative to the eighteenth amendment is proposed. There is nothing complex about the motion for Us repeal. That would lay the whole problem open to free dis cussion and to trial of various systems by the several States.* each according ' to the persuasion of its people. The eighteenth amendment was a colossal error. It ought to be renounced.” * * * * “Americans may not b- a mercurial people." says the Omaha World-Herald, "but their minds are open and subject to change with changing conditions. They experiment'd nobly, as other peo ples have done, in the world-wide war against the evils of strong drink. They have atuck to prohibition after all other nations tha&jtesorted to it have aban ' t* doned It as a remedy worse than the disease The signs are rapidly multi plying that they, too. are preparing to admit they have marched Into a blind alley, and to retrace their steps and seek some other avenue of progress. It has been a commonplace of the discus sion that 13 States could and would block indefinitely the repeal of the eighteenth amendment. In another year or two that opinion may have been reduced to an absurdity." The Minneapolis Journal feels that “resubmission Is a fair and honest plat form for both wets and drys. but there ought to be submitted net onlv tire question of ccntinuirg or aban-*cning prohibition, but also a sounder alterna tive—iT such there be." Th° Newark Evening News observes that "the drys are increasingly on the defensive,” and states in detail: "Congress has cut a chunk out of the enforcement appro priation. the first time prohibition didn't get ail it asked for. Th- eco nomic argument against it is harder to answer than the moral. The drys. even some of thp partially recanting drys. like Dr. Mott, ask: ‘But what will you substitute for th° eighteenth amend ment?' The Constitution already pro vides fo- that All powers not delegated to the Federal Government are retained by the States." * * * * The Altoona Mirror, while conceding that "Mr. Rockefeller's views on prohi bition have great weight with the plat form builders of both political parties,” denies that there is "more drinking now than in the davs before prohibition.” The Topeka Dailv Capitsl asserts: "As the drys fee it. charges that prohibition does not wwk' fail to touch the ques tion. No regulation of liquor ever worked in the sense demanded by the anti-prohibition wets The question is not of absolute prohibition, but is one of relativity. If the wets after 12 years still refuse to propose a workable sub stitute. the only explanation of their abstinence in this respect Is that they haven't any. never have had any and show no present prospects of having any in the future. If Mr. Rockefeller has any the public would be interested to hear It.” "We do not accept." says the Salt Lake Deseret News, "the facts on which Mr. Rockefeller bases his change of heart. He states that 'drinking gen erally has increased, that the speakeasy has replaced the saloon not only unit for unit, but probably twofold, if not threefold ’ Thcrs is little doubt thgt If saloons had continued after the war drinking would have Increased. The immense growth of the cigarette h'bit at least indicates that. But in Utah it has definitely decreased, and that U • true of many other parts of the coun try. Moreover, the lessening of drink ing has been among the class least able to afford to drink—the poor.” The statement by Dr. John R. Mott also impresses the Rutland Hgrtld as giving added force to the declaration by Mr. Rockefeller, and that paper offers the comment: "Even though Dr. Hott qualifies his statement by saying that along with resubmission should feme some proposal for a substitute tot pro hibition, the concurrence in principle with the Rockefeller proposal u a new and most significant indication of' the breakdown of support for the die-hard type of prohibitionist who (till refuses to see the handwriting on the wall." -— Ms The Matrimonial Safr, • from the Omaha Evenlns W’orid-;fjikW& Annapolis grads mugt go to sea for two years before they marry. *Aad then they’ll be at sea permanently. No Cut There. Prom the Nashville Banner. A casual acquaintance reports that depression has taken a slice from every thing he hag except his golf game. Rarity. From the Glenda1'* Nrv English scientists have .split an atom, a much rarer process than the splitting of a hair.