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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, June 29, 1932, Image 7

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Five Points Stressed Before
G. 0. P. Convention Again
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO. June 29.—Three practiced
advocates of the cause of farm relief
swapped ideas outside the room of the
Democratic Resolutions Committee last
night, then, notwithstanding divergent
viewpoints, made a concerted appeal
for a strong agricultural plank in the
party platform.
They were Edward A. O'Neal, presi
dent of the American Farm Bureau
Federation; Louis J. Taber, master of
the National Grange, and John A. Simp
son. president of the Farmers’ Union.
They were given only 10 minutes
each and appeared before the commit
tee in executive session. They combined
forces in order to cover their subject
fully, skipping lightly over controversial
Appeal on Five Points.
After the session O'Neal said he had
championed again the five points on
which his organization appealed to the
Republicans; Effective protection of
the American market through a stabil
ized home price and control of surpluses,
revision of tariff schedules to give true
parity to agriculture, a sound dollar,
easily available agricultural credits
through development of the farm loan
system and Government economy.
“Agriculture must be restored before
national prosperity can be returned,"
he told the platform makers. "No fun
damental things have been done to solve
the economic problem of our Nation.
Agriculture is prostrate. Unless it is
brought back, this will destroy the Na
In connection with credits he said he
thought that if the Federal farm loan
system did not work, another should be
provided. He reminded his hearers the
Democratic party in 1924 and 1928;
pledged equality for agriculture and1
“Have your elected representatives
carried out those platforms or have they
been but scraps of paper?”
Price Fixing Asked.
Simpson urged the party to pledge
itself to regulate marketing to fix the
price of farm products at or above the
cost of production.
He advocated the allotment plan for
handling of exportable surpluses and a
farm relief plank "sufficiently broad to
pledge the party to use of the necessary
machinery to bring equality to agri
“What we are asking,” he said blunt
ly, "is something more important than
Democratic success, the success of agri
Pleased by Eoosevelt's Inability
to Get Two-Thirds Major
ity Yesterday.

By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, June 29—A feeling of
optimism had spread over the Maryland
camp at the Democratic national con
vention today as the time for nomina
tion of the State’s candidate for Presi
dent, Gov. Albert C. Ritchie, drew near.
Supporters of the Governor were
elated after yesterday's votes in the
Louisiana and Minnesota delegation
arguments and in the election of
permanent, chairman.
The ballots were regarded by Mary
land delegates as a test vote, and in no
instance was the Roosevelt-backed !
group able to muster a two-thirds
majority. The Maryland Governor is
generally credited with being an out
standing “second choice” candidate.
Mayor Howard Jackson of Baltimore
said he believed Ritchie had votes in as
many as 19 States. Delegates In a
number of them are pledged for the first
few ballots, but may feel free to shift
if no nomination is secured early in the
The Ritchie forces continued to work
valiantly yesterday.
Democrats Facing
Same Wet Question
Republicans Settled
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, June 29 —The pro
hibition issue today agitating the
Democratic National Convention
was the same that stirred to
frenzy the Republican conclave
two weeks ago, with one differ
ence. The Democrats' fight was
one step farther along.
The Republicans struggled over
whether to propose submission of
prohibition repeal, or of revision.
They defeated the former, 681 to
The Democratic choice was
between submitting neutrally an
outright repeal amendment and
committing the party flatly in
favor of that repeal.
Former Virginia Governor
Discusses Issues in Radio
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, June 29.—A platform,
telling the people what the Democratic
party proposes to do if placed in power,
written in plain words and terse enough
to be written on the average billboard,
was urged today by former Gov. Harry
Flood Byrd, Virginia’s candidate for
the Democratic nomination for the
presidency, in a radio address over
the Columbia network.
“It is not enough to emphasize the
cavillation and timidity of Republican
leadership; we must demonstrate firm
ness and courage of Democratic leader
ship to inspire and direct the enact
ment of a superior program of restora
tive and reconstructive measures. The
people may prefer to bear the ills they
have rather than to fly to others they
know not of,” said Mr. Byrd.
Issues advocated.
Outlining his views, the Virginian
Reorganization of the governmental
machinery to reduce the expense of
operation, and separation from the
public pay roll of every office holder
not. elearlv reouired in the public serv
Ice to the end that the weignt or taxa
tion may be lessened.
Adjustment of tariffs to encourage
foreign trade and an international
tariff conference to negotiate rational
tariffs on the basis of reciprocal bene
fits and quickened trade, with pro
tective duties limited to the difference
in cost of production at home and
Just settlement of foreign debt,
linked with a demand for reduction
in armaments.
Relief for agriculture through tariff
readjustment, an equalisation fee to
be financed mainly by the farmer him
self, and protection of staples, grains
and cotton by prohibiting bear raid
Favors Repeal Vote.
An amendment to the constitution
which will make possible a direct popu
lar vote on the repeal of the eigheenth
amendment, with the several states
voting as units.
An income tax with a broadened base |
to increase the popular interest in
whr.t the government does with tax
‘‘The countries of the world must
learn to trade together, or they will
starve together,” Byrd said. “We cannot
forever sell and never buy without los
ing our foreign markets. We cannot
insulate our Interests in a policy of
hard economic insolation and then
hope to send out friendly currents that
will find response in foreign co-opera
That country folk and inquisitiveness
has alwavs been synonymous is well il
lustrated by Franklin, who tells us that
when traveling and wishing to ask his
road, found it necessary to save time
by prefacing his question with, “My
name is Benjamin Franklin, I am by
trade a printer. I am come from such
a place and am going to such a place,
and now tell me which is my road?”
! --— l
Committee Asks End of Two
Thirds System in Next
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, June 29.—Bare majority j
versus two-thirds rule in the selection j
of the presidential candidate became '
today a definite issue in the future of I
the Democratic party.
The Roosevelt forces dominating the
present national convention dropped
utterly yesterday the intended reversal
of a century's tradition, but they wrote
into the gathering's rules a recom
mendation that the next convention
consider substituting nomination by a
bare majority for the old requirement
of two-thirds and no less.
Answers Opposition.
There was attached also a declaration
that precedent does not and shall not
in the future govern the rules of the
convention. The recommendation rati
fied automatically and without particu
lar notice by the party assembly Itself
was actually the work of the Roosevelt
favoring majority in the Rules Com
mittee. Nevertheless it made certain
that the question shall be actively con
sidered in the selection of delegates from
now on. This will answer the chief ar
gument of those anti-Roosevelt delega
tions which so bitterly oppose abandon-*
ment ot the old rule this time.
They claimed the proposal was sprung
treacherously late, when the rank and
file of the party had no chance to reg
ister its opinion It will give an op
portunity to such States as cling to the
near-veto power afforded them by the
stringent old requirement, to organize
a fight.
Text of Declaration.
The language of the declaration was:
“We recommend to the next national
convention of the party that it shall
consider the question of changing the
two-thirds rule now required for the
nominations of the President and Vice
President of the United States so as to
make the nomination by a majority
vote of the delegates to the convention,
with the further declaration that that
convention is to be the sole judge of
its own rules."
But for this time “regular order”
prevails, and two-thirds of the dele
gates. who assembled today to hear an
endless stream of nominating speeches,
will have to get together on one man
before the task was done.
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Lead Wet Plank Fight
Chairman Gilbert N. Hitchcock, fo7 Senator David I. Walsh, for outright
resubmissicn. repeal.
Former President of Mexico Re
ceives Many Congratulatory Mes
sages on 55th Anniversary.
3; the Associated Press.
EOSTON, June 29 —Senora Leonor
:,lorente Calles was making “slow but
iteady progress" today, almost, a week
ifter an operation for a tumor on the
No official bulletin on the senora's
condition was issued but close friends
of her husband, Gen. Plutarco Elias
Calles. former President of Mexico, re
ported her progress.
The general made his fourth visit to
the sick room since her operation last
Thursday. He found her resting com
fortably and appeared much cheered on
his return to his hotel.
The general observed his fifty-fifth
birthday yepterday. Scores of congrat
ulatory telegrams were received with
many expressions of sympathy on his
wife's illness. One was from President
Ortiz Rubio of Mexico. Henry L. Do
herty and Alberto Mascaremas. Ambas
sador from Mexico to the Court of St.
James, visited him during the day.
Color blindness is sometimes called
Feelers Declared Sent Key
States, With Second-Place
Nomination Offered.
CHICAGO. June 29—The trading Is
on. How many votes in exchange for !
a vice presidency? How much is bid?
Something like an auction is in prog
ress here. The Roosevelt management
needs about 140 votes to make the
necessary two-thirds to obtain the i
Democratic presidential nomination. So
thev have, through their numerous
representatives, sent messag.'s direct
or indirect feeling out the various dele
gations that hold the balance of power j
in this convention.
If California and Texas would
switch from Garner to Roosevelt, it j
would mean a gain of 90 votes, which
is a sizable start toward a band
wagon. Such a break would cause de
fections in the anti-Roosevv’-t camp.
So, if Speaker Garner would like to
take the vice presidency, and if Texas
wants the honor of second place on the
ticket, the Roosevelt forces are willing j
to make it possible, provided they get
the 90 votes. William G. McAdoo con
trols California’s 44 votes out of that
90 so he is naturally the man to whom
the Roosevelt forces look for aid. They
point out that he is in an unnatural
alliance when he trails along with his
foe of Madison Square Garden days, Al
fred E. Smith. They declare that he be
longs with the Roosevelt side of the
Reward Held Out to White.
Somewhat the same argument is be
ing made to the Ohio delegation where
the vice presidency is being held out
as a reward to Gov. George White, if
he can swing the Buckeye State’s 52
Sensing the maneuvers of the Roose- [
velt managers, former Gov. Smith
called in separately the leaders cf the
various favorite son and anti-Rocscvlet
delegations last night and early today
and told them that if they would stick
through the third ballot he would then
release his delegates to go to any of
them; that he himself had no ambitions
and no preferences as to candidate!.
Can the Roosevelt fo'ces make
enough gains on the first three bal
lots to start a bandwagon and push
their candidate over? Many obs:rvers
here think they car., for the simple rea
son that the anti-Roosevelt forces arc
not cohesive. But this has been a con
vention of surprise moves. The two
thirds vote controversy is a case in
point. A management that can make
that mistake might make others. The
platform fight may open cleavages.
The differences of opinion that have
developed between the extreme repeal
ists and those who want a modification
of the Volstead act. so as to get "beer
now” Instead of waiting for the lengihv
processes of repealing the eighteenth
amendment, do not as yet reveal a
Roosevelt and anti-Roosevelt battle line,
as did the three other issues on which
tests were taken Tuesday.
Roosevelt Outlook Brighter.
Senator Carter Glass cf Virginia, and
McAdoo have always been closer to the
dry rather than the wet side. They
will not wish to see the party members
in Congress committed either to repeal
or retention. They would like to see
the eighteenth amendment submitted
and they would not like to see the pro
hibition plank in the Democratic plat
form cluttered up with the Volstead act
complication. It looks as if the Roose
velt forces will have to divide on this
question so that the final result will not
disclose anything as to the new strength
of the Roosevelt army.
The outlook for the Roosevelt nomi
nation has brightened considerably
since the three test votes. If 626 is
taken as the Roosevelt maximum be- j
cause of the intensity cf the fight, in
which Jouett Shouse was defeated for !
the permanent chairmanship and on ;
the supposition that the opposition
mustered all that it could, the assum
tion today is that the Roosevelt man
agement is after 144 more votes to
make the necessary two-thirds, but is |
trying hard to get immediately 50 to
90. to show a material increase on the
first three ballots.
If there is no gain beyond the 626
figure, or the 658 Roosevelt total, which
was polled on the Minnesota credentials
contest, the opposition will be encour
aged and the Roosevelt delegations may
begin to break away to other candl
dates. The fact that the Rocnevelt
generals held their ground staunchly
through three gruelling tests, however.
Is indicative hi the fact that they have
their own delegates well in hand. It
is the opposition to Roosevelt which to
ol iy has cause for worry about holding
its lines. Neither side has any re
serves as yet, but trading is still
going on.
Williams Not to Seek Re-election
From Texas.
DECATUR, Tex.. June 29 iVPI.—
Guir.n Williams, Democratic Repre
sentative in Congress from the thir
teenth Texas district, yesterday an
nounced his withdrawal from the race
for re-election.
He said th° present lengthy con
gressional session had prevented him
from campaigning his district thor
oughly and that his physician had
advised against an active campaign.
Williams is completing his sixth term.
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