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,ΤΗΕ EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition. WASHINGTON, D. C. WEDNESDAY June 2Θ. 1932 THEODORE W. NOYES Editor The Evening SUr Newspaper Company Business OIBce: 11th St. and Pennsylvania Art New York Office 110 East 42nd 8t Chicsao Office; Lake Michigan Buildinc European Office 14 Recent 3t-. London. England. . Rate by Carrier Within the City. The Evening 8tar «Scpermcnth The Evening and Sunday Star '«hen 4 Sundays» SOc per month The Evening and Sunday Star • when 5 Sundays» . .. . 65c per month The Sunday 8!ar 5r per con* Collection made at the end of each month Order* may be sent In by mall or telephone NAtlonal 5300. Rate hy Mail—Payable in Advance. Maryland and Virginia. Dally and Sunday . .1 yr.. *10 00; 1 mo . BSc E»a»ly only 1 yr.. »6 00. l mo . 50c iunflay only 1 yr.. 14.00; 1 mo . 40c All Other Stales and Canada. §<)ly and Sunday 1 yr . 112 00 ι mo . 11 00 aily only 1 yr. MOO.lmo, 7Sc jnday only 1 yr.. $5.00. 1 mo.. 50c Member of the Associated Press. The Associated Press is exclusively ι ;.titled to the use lor republication of all l ew.· dis patches credited to It or not otherwise ci ed ited in this paper and also the local news published herein All rights of publication oi apecial dispatches herein are also reserved «-■ · 1 1 Still Some Hope for Remedy. "The differences between the Senate end House on this measure could have been ironed out in further confer ences." Senator La Follette said yes terday in a final futile protest against Btnate agreement to the conference re port on the economy bill. "Instead, we yield to the House threats of inaction snd accept a hit-or-miss, hodgepodge of economy legislation. The next Congress «111 have to spend much of its time straightening out this 111 considered measure." So it will. The next Congress, or rather the short session of Congress which convenes in December, will prob sbly have much to do in correcting de fects in this measure that are not ap parent at this time, as well as those al ready obvious. What interests the Gov ernment personnel, however, is what will happen during the interim, while the members of Congress are in the hustings mending their fences against the contingences of November. There is uncertainty on this point. (Some comfort lies in the verbal as surance of the Controller General to Senator Jones that the sections of the Jaw relating to retirement will be liberally construed by his office, and that employes who have not yet com pleted the fifteen years in service, which makes them eligible for retirement, *.11 not be placed within the category of superannuated employes. There are also unwritten words to the effect that the enforced furloughs and resultant impounding of money saved, on top of me ten per cent, appropriation unis iuw, Will not result in as many dismissals from the service as at first feared. And Senator Bingham has proposed a joint resolution that would serve to nullify the effects of that other controversial section relating to the possible dis charge of married persons, when hus band or wife is also employed in the service. This resolution should cer tainly be adopted by both houses as a face-saving measure wiping out a pro posal so illogical and absurd that its Inclusion in Federal legislation is a reflection on the whole Congress. While the executive branch of the Government, through administrative officials in the various departments, will not have made all their plans for carrying out the economy scheme for several days, it should be their under standing at the outset that the appli cation of unjust and plainly Inequitable provisions of the law should be post poned until the last part of the fiscal year that begins Friday. Congress will have returned before that time, and with the campaign and other pressing matters out of the way will be more in clined to take the immediate and cor rective action denied now by the de mands of expediency. It is doubtful if evei in the history of the Government has such responsibility for fair and just administration of the departments, as it relates to the working personnel, been placed on the shoulders of the execu tive officers. If references to services deserving of knighthood continue, the party now in convention may be referred to as a democracy in process of evolution to ward an aristocracy. Up the Hill and Down. For the sake of the future historian of American politics it Is to be hoped that a complete record has been kept, and will be available ior research, of the maneuvers for thn abrogation of the two-thirds rule at the Chicago Con vention now in session. The effort to displace this century-old fundamental principle of candidate «election in the interest of Governor Roosevelt of New York, the outstanding aspirant for the nomination, has been marked by a series of advances and retreats without parallel in the records of these great poltical meetings. The final outcome ol the attack upon the two-thirds tradi tion is a retreat. The s;.gnal for aban donment of the assault was given b> the candidate himself, but the exact terms of that signal are yet to be made clear, as there is still a disputation ovei the message from the Governor to hi! campaign manager calling off the fight However, the fact stands that aftei nearly five days of preparation for t charge over the breastworks erected ir 1832 the majority rule cohorts wen halted and the prospective bitter fighi flattened out into acceptance of thi rule that has been in force for a hun dred years. A verse in OM Tarlton's Song, print ed in London in 1642, has become fa miliar to millions. It runs: The King of France went up the hil With twenty thousand men; The King of France c.me down the hil And ne'er went up Again. It remains now to te seen whethe the King of France of antl-majorit; rule assault will, in fact, never agaii go up the hill. In this present retreat ι In fact, is a token of a disposition ti carry on for nomination by a majority The Committee on Rules at the Chi cago convention made the followin recommendation, which was adopte by the convention without debate ο dissent: We recommend to the next nation· convention of the party that it sha consider the question of changing th two-thirds rule now required for th nominations of the President and Vic President of the United States so as t wake the nomination by a majorit vote of ihe delegate* t ·> th? ronvi n'.toi Ml* the further de-li»rf>tiou that thi convention is to be the sole Judge of its own rules. This recommendation, of course, his no binding effect upon the convention of 1936. It is a Question. Indeed, whether the convention of 1936, if it should adopt the majority rule, could without a furious fight do so in terms to apply to the proceedings at that time. And it is a further question whether it could bind future conven tions by a declaration in favor of ma jority rule procedure. The two-thirds rule is a part of the Democratic party's code by force of tradition, which is sometimes more binding and lasting than any statutory enactment It is always resented by 1 candidates for the nomination who ! have a full or a near majority of dele- ; gates on the eve of voting. It is cher- j ished by candidates who have less than i a majority, but who hope for accès- j sions. When there are two outstand- j ing candidates, or three, a deadlock is in prospect. The Democratic party j has now run into three such deadlocks, j protracted and bitter—in 1912, in 1920 > and in 1924. From but one of them I has it emerged with a victorious ticket. I the first of this series, when ■ victory was possible only through Republican division. In the minds of most Democrats the two-thirds rule is a liability. It breeds dissension and factional strife. It does not insure the nomination of a win ning ticket—l'oes not. in fact, insure the nomination of the most efficient or effective candidate. Perhaps the definite recommendation which has just been adopted at Chicago for its abandonment after a century of appli cation may lead to a change. Certainly the lesson of this latest effort to change it on the eve of the balloting is that it is dangerous to try to stop a buzz saw in motion. Nearing the End of the Session. With the controversial economy bill out of the way, Congress will make rapid headway in clearing up the re maining appropriation bills before the end of the fiscal year tomorrow night. Of these there remains only the second deficiency bill to be acted on by the Senate. The Army and Navy, in dependent offices, Treasury-Post Office. Agriculture. State, Justice and Com merce bills have been reposing in con ference to await the outcome of the economy measure, appended as a rider on the legislative supply bill. Today and tomorrow will witness the adop tion, in quick succession, of the con ference reports. The most uncertain piece of business is the Wagner-Garner relief bill, now in conference. But the disposition of the conferees on that measure is to meet each other half way. The prob lem of distributing the $300,000.000 loans to the States for direct relief of suffering has apparently been solved by ! combining the two methods proposed, making a part of the money imme diately available to the States on the basis of population and giving the President authority to dispense the balance on the basis of need. The conferees have yet to iron out the dif ference» between the Garner and Wag ut ι unie υιι uic μυυιιι uuiiuni^ H1V/ · gram, condemned by the President as "pork." Certainly the Wagner bill's safeguarding provisions in connection with that item are far preferable to those of the Garner bill, and the chief dif ference between the President and Sen ator Wagner seems to be a point of view regarding the financial soundness of the borrowing feature at this time and the actual employment that would result from the Federal Government's building activity. It seems probable, however, that Senator Wagner's plan has enough advocates in Congress to assure incorporation of its major fea tures in the final form of the bill. That agreement should be possible in time to realize the hope of leaders for ad journment by the end of this week or the first of next. The relief measure will constitute the major effort by this Congress to relieve distress and suffering. What it ac tually will accomplish in this respect nobody knows. If there is any last minute disarrangement of present plans for adjournment, it will be due to the relief measure. No member of Con gress will be willing to go home until it has been enacted. Every large city desires a national convention, although the most it usually gets out of it is widely circulated publicity concerning the flcrce sum mer climate. The invocation yesterday referred to "diffidence, hesitation and fear." None of these characteristics was in evi dence among those immediately pres ent. The Buzzards Point Improvement. I As a result of legislation just enacted a section of Washington that has long been a sort of no man's land is about to be improved and put to use in the public Interest. This is the develop ment of the area known as Buzzards Point as a site for a new plant of the Potomac Electric Power Co. Two biils were required of Congress to permit this improvement. One was to enable the Commissioners to close certain streets that were marked out in the area but not actually established. The power company will pay the District for this portion of the site as well as for the rpmainder purchased from its owners. The second bill was to enable the Penn sylvania Railroad to run a spur track into the site in extension from its ex isting line. With this legislation ef fected the improvement, which will in volve the expenditure of upwards of $5.000,000 for the power plant and about $125,000 in addition for the railroad extension can proceed. Work is to be I started at once on the laying of the track, and the construction of the power i plant, for which contract has already 1 ' been let will progress promptly. Ever Vince the establishment of the Capital in the District of Columbia the area styled Buzzards Point has been veritable waste land. A sluggish stream known as James Creek ran through it in part to the Eastern Branch of the Potomac, or Anarostia River, this stream later being transformed into ι canal which ultimately degenerated Into an open sewer comparable to the Tiber Creek Canal, running from the west ern front of the Capitol to the Potomac For a long time James Creek Cana was a menace to the public health. It was finally filled in, to the great bene fit of the southern section of the city ® though the area itself on the river froni ι was η-ver d^-eloped. it was sparie'j ,t settled and for years It h«i mi unsavon f reput* m part of the territory locally known m "Bloodfifld." «erne of many furious battles between disorderly groups. With the development of Buzzards Point, κ name that «-ill probably pas* as the area le Improved, a territory that has never been of any utility will be put to good use. The enterprise will give immediate occupation to a Urge number of now Idle workmen. At one time It was feared that on account of legislative jealousies In the House of Representatives the necessary enact ments could not be secured at this ses sion The blockade that threatened the defeat of these measures was broken, and now the District Is to experience an enterprise that Is decidedly for the pub lic benefit In all respects. A Bootblack's Fortune. Decision bv a court at White Plains, Ν Y., for the appointment of a com mittee of relatives to look after the property of Pietro Ierardi revives mem ory of an institution that has almost passed In this country — has, indeed, quite ceased in the larger centers of population. That Is the bootblack with his box which serves as both a foot rest and a carrier for his tools of trade. Pietro Ierardi sailed for New York from Italy fifty-two years ago with just about enough money to pay his passage and with no job in prospect. With the little cash that remained from his transat lantic adventure he bought some boot blacking supplies, fashioned a box to hold them and began a business career, that is now ended through his mental deterioration, which necessitates cus todians for his fortune of nearly $200. 000. When Pietro set up in business with a box. a tin of blacking, a dauber and a brush the standard price of a shine was five cents. Profits were small. It took a good many shoe shines in the course of a day to leave enough to provide food and shelter. But there wes always a margin, and that margin Pietro saved. After some years he heard that a bootblack was wanted at the Grand Central Station—it was not then dignified by the name "terminal." He applied for and got the job. More years passed and his savings fund grew with increased patronage. Then came an opportunity. He applied for a con cession to.run a stand in the station and secured it. More nickels came in and mere profits were put away. Then Pietro began to invest shrewdly in real estate, being always careful in his choice and always paying cash. He became a capitalist, untroubled by stock fluctuations. «Perhaps he has kept his little bootblacking box which was the corner stone of his fortune, and though his mind is clouded he may recognize it and cherish it to the end of his days. There was no reason for assuming that Huey Long was due for the kind of treatment which, according to tinmclv troHitinn llu'nitV th#» "γαΗ-ΗρλΗ ed stepchild." It is now considered possible to ar range a program with so much accuracy that a political forecaster is listened to with more respect than he enjoyed in the old days. Chicago grand opera may have in fluenced the musical performers in as suming that if artistic sound effects were attained, the words did not par ticularly matter. A demand-for a poll enable* a dele gation not only to get into the spot light but also to have its complete cast of characters mentioned. A remarkable achievement i* to be noted when a temporary chairman is able to turn over to the permanent of ficial an uneplintered gavel. Memories of W. J. Bryan are recalled with a sad suspicion that in the evolu tion of politics the convention stam peder has become extinct. Old campaign funds are still men tioned. Even politics has red ink pages in its ledgers. SHOOTING STARS. BY PHILANDER JOHNSON. Safety Valve. Though dangers threaten from afar. In fancy or in fact, The big considerations are The ways that we react. Though shocks surprising may abound. We venture still to chaff. Our Uncle Sam is safe and sound So long as he can laugh. Cutlery. "Of course you don't believe the story of George Washington and his hatchet." "No," answered Senator Sorghum, "but I like it. Great men today are so busy looking for one another's scalps that I prefer the hatchet to the toma hawk." Jud Tunkins says conventions would work faster if delegates parading the aisle* were provided with roller skates. To the Tune of Radio. My Radio! My Radio! You take another chance. ■ A-marchlng round the aisles they go Where once folks used to dance. Neglected Husband. "Does your wife ever find fault with I you?" ! "Not now." answered Mr. Meekton. "Since Henrietta went into politics, she i has found any number of men with j worse shortcomings to talk about than I mine." "Words are important," said Hi Ho, j the sage of Chinatown. "To reach the ! people a man must be more than in telligent. He must be intelligible." Adjustment. Finances in affairs of state Display a mighty change. A billion dollars, once so great. Seems only Just small change. "I never kin be sure," said Uncle Eben. "whether a big p'lUical speech is instruction or entertainment." Apartment* Available at Reasonable Rents To the Editor of The Stsr: Saturday's Star had three full pagei of apartment ads, renting for $25 tip to as much as you want to pay. If on< cannot afford to pay $85 for an apart ment, why not get one at $40 or leas? There are numbers available. The law of supply and demand it Immutable and applies to house rent as well as commodities. JOHN T. MEANY. THIS AND THAT fll' CHARLES E. TRACE1TELL. Templeton Jone* buttonholed us the other dey on F utreet and wanted to know : Why doe* anybody went to march in a parade? Put hi* arm around a girl In public? Oo to a theater on a hot night? Join a lodge? Or. If a woman, wear fur* in Sum mer? Or wear one of those funny hat* with holes in tliem? Daftly we evaded the first five ques- i tlon». but thought we had the solution to the sixth and last. Women wear the so-called mesh hat* on the back of their heads because somebody started doing it! It is the fashion, that is all. You sec. Jones, the arbiters of fash Ion have been busy pawing over the ancient records showing dreas styles down the centuries. Not satisfied with reviving the Em press Eugenic hat. which tilted absurdly over one eye, and which made nine of j ten women look somewhat silly, they j have raked out an old Venetian lace cap and set it on the heads of at least half of the American women of 20 years old or less. Mostly less. As with so many of these ressurrected styles taken more or less bodily from foreign lands and past centuries, they are modified, but, niai, far from encugh. No doubt the fair Juliet, when she ] stood on the balcony and listened to ] Romeo's plea, wore one of the original real mesh affairs. No doubt It bccame her. too. Thoee who remember Julia Marlowe in the role know it did. Take that cap, however, turn It out j on a machine, and put It squarely on j the back of a million feminine heads. \ without a single thought as Jto the in dividual woman, and the result is far from what one might have expected. Those hat* are surely cool. If placed as far back on the head as possible, so as little of them shows in front as possible, they are not bad look ing—on some girls. We actually saw an entire girl on F street who looked rather stunning in one of 'em. She was the sort of creature, of course, who would have looked well in a gunny sack. There are such people. Most often they are the type dis tinguished by two sheer beauty fea tures we have never seen mentioned in any cf the beauty articles. They have that "just bathed" look. And they have the knack of wear ing clothes. The first type is rather unusual. Such people always look as if they had just come out of a hot bath. They ha\e a certain skin texture which Just ordinary folks cannot boast without resorting to some sort of ex ternal stimulation. . Such people, especially women, are to be congratulated. The second type, those who have the knack of wearing clothes,, usually will be found to be rather slender. Hence it is no wonder that the "reducing" vogue long ago hit the world, especially the American world. Men, too, profit from slendernees when it comes to the wearing of clothes. The hang, the drape, perhaps the main essential In style, works out as well for the slender man as the slender v.eman, although he must be content with drape of less material. Temp Jones happened to see a friend In a neat, new seersucker suit. This old favorite is "going over in » big way" this Summer and this friend of Jones' got one. "I happened to be talking with a portly friend," went on Jonee, "and I said to him. 'Let'» get us one of those Suite ' "You muet remember.' said he to me, 'that neither one of ue has that voung man's figure.' " Jones' figure Is nothing to boast about. Just between us. The fat man ought to receive an ex tra vote of pity in hot weather, not be cause he Is fat. but because his clothes fit him so tightly. It is the tightness that hurt*. Especially around the waist! No one who ha* not been burdened ( truly that) with a few inches of ex ress fat larded over the abdomen can | have any idea of the misery they cause. One feels exactly as if he had a pil low stuffed in between himself and his : belt. Something that doesn't exactly be- ! long to him. Thin people—they would have been I called "skinny" in the so-called Vic torien age—never have the proper amount of sympathy with fat folk. "Oh, vou could get rid of that, If you waited to." What they don't know is that fat over the stomach is the very last fatty tissue to leave, no matter how stern a reducing program one co-operates with one's self in inflicting on the physical being. Surely such a program is a co-oper ation with one's self! Let those who have never tried it keep still, and say nothing, for this is something they will know nothing about until they try it. The older one grows the more amazed he becomes at the vast number of people who are willing to talk loud and long about matters concerning which they really know nothing. They think they do, that Is all. Cflve us the man who knows what he is talking about, really and truly, from his own experience, and we will listen until the cows come home, even If we do not agree with him. But these fine fellows who talk out of theory, who insist on rushing in where angels might fear to tread. Just to hear the sounds of their own voices, well, they make most of us rather tired, do they not? You can't theorize about excess fat— you have to try to get rid of it before you can talk about it honestly, and with some real knowledge of the matter. What the theorists never know, and won't believe, is that you can wave your arms and legs until you are blue in the face, that you can do calisthenics, and "bending exercises" and "setting up" exercises, and lying down exercises, for weeks on end, and in rows, without once touching those extra-fat layers which incumber the abdominal regions. There they are and there they stay, resisting all efforts to dlelodge them Starvation works well, until evening, when lack of food makes one have a very hearty appetite for supper. The old dinner gong wafta pleasantiy on the fat ear. The fat man's trouser* have no drape, because the draping point is out of all ' proportion, and takes up material which should be going into length. Fortunate was Nero, and the rest of the fat Romans, who wore clothes made on a model far removed from this day and age. If Rome's obese fiddler wore a belt, it doesn't show in the pictures. And that belt! It is the belt which takes the Joy out oi the life of the fat man. And all fat fellows insist on wearing ; belts. Why they do is another mystery. The next time we see Templeton Jones we are going to ask him about that. ι CHICAGO OBSERVATIONS FY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE. CHICAGO, 111.. June 29—Can * phalanx of 600-odd delegates hold out against a combination of 600-odd In a convention of 1,100-odd and eventually, turn a mere majority Into a two-thirds majority? That is the simple problem in political arithmetic now presented by the situation on the Roosevelt battle front in Chicago. The skirmishing operations are over. They demonstrated the Roosevelt forces to be in firm, though not yet full, command of the situation. On the issue which the forces allied against the Governor chose to make the acid test of their strength —the election of Jouett Shouse as permanent chairman—the Roosevelt lines held fast. The alliée, up to within an hour of the fateful roll call, were confident they had Senator Walsh beaten. But they succumbed. «26 to 528, almost 100 short of their goal. Earlier in the day the anti-Roosevelt ians had lost the Louisiana contest by a majority of 124 and the Minnesota contest by 165. The latter represented Roosevelt ascendancy at its peak— 658'ι votes, 121:l 4 short of the two thirds necessary to nomination. * * ♦ * Now in a national convention, like in other matters, you can do almost any thing you like with figures. Depending on what you want to prove by them, you can twist them into meaning any thing you please. That is the favorite indoor sport at Chicago today. On the celebrated theory that the wish is father to the thought. Roosevelt lead ers end anti-Roosevelt leaders are gayly and busily interpreting yesterday's three test votes to denote what looks best for their respective purposes. The Gover I nor's generalissimo. Jim Parley, stands ι pat on his original Chicago claim that F D R. will have 691 delegates on the : first ballot and (hat band-wagon ac ; cretions. before the resuit is announced, will do the rest. Frank Hague, mayor of Jersey City and captain general of the Smith-allied group hostile to Roose velt, retorts that 632 votes represent the absolute high-water mark the Governor will attain on any balloting. And there you are. If one makes a reduction of anywhere from 10 to 12 per cent in the respective Roosevelt and anti-Roosevelt claims, the probability is that something approaching the actual present-hour state of affairs would be arrived at. The rest is utterly on the knees of the gods. Not a man or woman in Chicago at this hour can predict with certainty ! whet is going to happen from this j time on. Platform matters—by which is under stood the exclusively prohibition mat I tcrs, for nothing else arouses any in I terest—have the right of way today. That is to say, they take precedence ' on the convention program. In cold actuality the dramatically acute and ; wholly incalcuable nomination fight is the only thing the convention cares about. The Roosevelttans and the au't Roceeveltians are maneuvering fe\ * - ishly for advantage. The favorite-sen delegations, holding the balance of power, are the objects of incessant at tack. which takes various forms— Intrigue, cajolery and bribery. The Roosevelt strategy aims to lure enough favorite-eon delegates away from their present moorings to build the required 770 votes for a two-thirds majority. The vice presidential nomination is the bait which Manager Parley is mainly dangling. In at least two favorite-con quarters, so It is alleged, there were no nibbles. Speaker Garner's repre sentatives are said to have spurned a trade with Roosevelt on the basis of a second place for the Texan. The Ohio delegation Is also reported to have cold-shouldered a proposition which of fered to make Gov. George White the Roosevelt running mate. Second-place bait Is bring wafted in the direction of , Melvln Trailer of Illinois, too. but Mayor Cermak thinks his fellow-Chi cagoan Is still too promising a presi dential dark horse nominee to war rant bargaining with Roosevelt Just now. ♦ * * * Oov. Ritchie of Maryland unques tionably commends most attention In tlie 'al'i'laMcn- b-'f-i rn * dead locked ' c.j p. ι - ·· am woin.lv candidate. ' The Kite State * pulchrltu dlnous idol evoked a significant demon stration at one stage of Tuesday's pro ceedings. He had been invited, along with Gov. White, Jim Reed and other party dignitaries, to occupy a place on the platform. Ritchie preferred to re main on the floor in the midst of the Maryland delegation, which hoistsd him to a standing position on his chair and unloosed a storm of cheers which spread through the convention like wildfire. The racket rose to the dimensions of a ! stadium-wide din as the handsome | Marylander, easily ' recognizable be-1 cause of his snow-topped crown, waved aloft the State's standard. * * * * Ritchie, beyond the shadow of a doubt, sits pretty if Roosevelt demon strably cannot make the two-thirds grade. In nearly every delegation there is a leavening of Ritchie second - choice strength. The Roosevelt rough i riders themselves, once they find the road to victory barred against them, are extremely likely to turn to Gov. Ritchie. The Smith contingent looks i with equal favor in his direction. He has made no enemies and nothing but friends at Chicago. When the black - and-gold banners of the Calverts are unfolded in the convention, following the placing of Ritchie's name in nomi nation by Senator Tydings, a tumult is certain. It will be a straw showing how the wind may blow before the week is over. * * * * It would be impossible to exaggerate the depth of hostility rampant in the Roosevelt camp against Newton D. Baker. Whether the Ohioan deserves it or not, he is plastered with the power label, and the Rooseveltians are hanging it on him with a vengeance. They would almost prefer to help nom inate Alfalfa Bill Murray than to se<» the little giant of Cuyahoga walk off with the bacon. This observer will not be surprised to hear some perfervid Roosevelt nominator or seconder para phrase William Jennings Bryan in such terms as these: "You shall not crucify mankind on a cross of power. You shall not press down upon the brow of labor a crown of public utility thorns." It will be Baker the spellbinder will be shooting at. * * * * John W Davis was shoved into the breach as the last hope of the Shouse faction in its attempt to stem the tide ( that soon was to sweep Senator Walsh | into the permanent chairmanship. The Democrats' silver-tongued 1924 stand ard-bearer pleaded for Shouse on the simple ground of gratitude. "To elect him." said Davis, "would be merely η fitting reward for faithful service well rendered." Shouse was on the platform while his fate was being decided. He took defeat in sporting fashion, keeping his own tally sheet and realizing, as the ballot tapered to a finish, that he was licked. He probably will be inac tive in the campaign if Roosevelt is nominated. * * » * Senator Huey Long is held on nearly all hands to be the buffoon and dema gogue. His Louisiana fees so declare him to be. but he emerges from his first combat in the national arena an undeniably effective politician. Red headed and tousel-halred, the self styled Kingfish handled himself adroitly on the platform as he conducted his own case for seating his hand-picked delegation. You can hate Huey all ycu please—and almost everybody does—but he seems to have the goods. * * * * Two nationally-known Democrats ex perienced the novel sensation of being trapped in a Chicago speakeasy just as a troop of Col. Woodcock's Pederal pad lockers seized the joint. It took the politicians three-quarters of an hour to establish their identity and contrive ι their liberation. --- Long Throw·. j Prom th« Altoona Mirror. "How far is a stone's throw?** asks a reader. Well, It you've ever rented one 1 r( those "stone's-throw-from-the-ocean" < -atages you'd probably say about two mile·. One Job to a Family Is Urged as a Slogan To the Editor of The Star: Let "One Government Job to One Family" be the slogan of the Federal Government. Of courae there will be opposition from those whom It hit*, not only hus bands and wives, but also ether mem bers of the same home who are drawing several salaries from the public Treas ury. Perhaps, too, certain organizations, with more zeal than real knowledge, will imagine discrimination against their members and don their war paint. But, honestly, how can a democratic government justify allowing one family to have two or more salaries from the public Treasury and other Just as worthy families to starve because of no work , at all? Effort is made to raise the public funds in an equable manner. Shouldn't they be spent in as equable a way as possible, giving It back to the greatest number of Americans, not a few favored families? The writer knows of one family, all living together, the father of which is a department chief, the two sons hold ing high-salaried Government positions and the daughter is a District of Co lumbia public school teacher. Their combined income from the Government is over $20,000. This amount would support 10 families. Why should Congressmen getting $10,000 for part of a year's work employ as their clerks and secretaries members of their own families? Why should officials in the District of Columbia public schools who get above $4,000 permit their wives to draw ; additional salaries? Why should three sisters, living in I one home, draw three different Federal salaries? To excuse this condition on the ground I of "efficiency" and "the gcod of the service'' is the weakest of arguments, be cause three-quarters of the Government work is of so routine a character that 12-year-old mentality could do It. • Another meaningless, recently often repeated, term is "outlawing marriage." Wouldn't it be better to emphasize the present disgraceful condition of "out lawing children"? Find out how many children the working wives under 40 years of age have produced and then ask what is to be the future of the race. And should the Federal and State governments reorganize their personnel In the interest of economy and unem ployment on the basis of "one job to one home," the following benefits would ensue : 1. More employment of the jobless. 2. Young wives would have oppor tunity for their first duty—the home and children. 3. Public funds dispersed in a more equable manner. 4. The Government setting an ex ample of a more democratic procedure. MARVIN E. WILLIAMS. Erskine Called Unfair In His Bonus Article To ι hf Editor of The Star: It is unfair articles, such as the one published in The Sunday Star by John Erskine, that keep the so-cal'ed bonus question an active one. Mr. Erskine should have started off honestly by t η titling his article "The Bonus Should Not Be Paid Now." There is one way in which the sin cerity of Erskine and his followers ; may be tested. Just draw up a petl- i tion reading as follows: "To η-embers of Congress and the Senate: "We, the undersigned, believe that during war time it is the patriotic duty of all citizens to serve in what ever ccpacity they are placcd by cir cumstances. We feel that $30 per mcnih Is a sufficient payment for these tervices. both military and civilian. We therefore petition Congress to rriuso to paca any bonus bill adding to tli-j compensation of veterans of the late war, and further petition Congress to pass legislation which will collect refunds from us and from all citl rens of all sums which we received in salaries, dividends, etc., during the late war In excess of $30 per month." If a person will agree to the passing of the above suggested legislation, then he is honestly against the bonus. If not. he is just another fellow looking at it in his own selfish way or. perhaps, the way he Is paid to look at it. This letter is not meant as an argu ment either for or against the payment of the bonus. It is merely an expres sion of opinion to the effect that if it were not for Gen. Harbord's "tin cup" speech and articles such as the one referred to there would be no agitation in favor of the bonus. If, on the other hand. Gen. Harbord, Erskine and oth hutrble opinion that they will so ers insist in the unfair tactics, it Is my solidify the veterans as to make the passage of a bonus bill a mere skirmish in the next Congress. JOHN ARTHUR SHAW. Cheap Amusement Tax Would Help, Not Hurt To the Editor of Tilt Star: When Congress needs a friend so ; sorely, it seems a pity no one has ad- I vised the one painless method of rais- j ing a considerable revenue from a j source at. present exempt. A tax on bank checks is hard on business, big business or little business; discourages thrift and the free use of banking facilities, with the Inevitable result for small means to dodge Into hoaiding for settling debts by cash pay ments instead of the more convenient and intelligent checking system. But In taxing amusements why the low priced variety is exempt Is not easy for a poor man to appreciate. Since I can afford only a 15-cent show, I should feel rather elated to blow in 5 cents more to help Uncle Sam get, out of the fix he is in. It appeals to my patriotism. Who would grumble at a nickel for such a cause? Make it Nation-wide. Exempt none. Don't have the 50-cent theaters ducking to 35 cents to escape the 40-cent dead- j line. Treat all alike. A uniform 5-cent : tax on all sorts, sizes and conditions of ι amusement tickets—movies, talkies or what have you—from the happy-go-1 lucky bemused crowds throughout the country may brinB just the nickel Uncle Sam is looking fcr to tip the scales on . the right side of his budget. ANNA J. COOPER. Star's Editorial on U. S. Employes Praised To the Editor of Tli« Star: Your editorial in The Saturday Star is a classic on the subject of Federal employes. ι It is unbecoming of grave and de- ' liberate bodies to act hastily and rath-1 ly in matters affecting the livelihood and destiny of employes. The pro posed economy bill is a menace to in- ' dividuals and to families. The married woman's provision is absolutely beside the aim of economy and it would not save 1 cent for the Government. The jobs that women hold, for the most part, are not jobs that men would hold. Plans have been made and lives have been adjusted ι under the present practices, and it would be demoralizing and disastrous to many happy and unified families to have to give up their homes and their standards. Marriage is not a st*p that merits discrimination. The pro posal. on (he whole, will save nothing and it will simply add a little more misery to a panic-stricken people. The provision should be stricken out. The enforced retirement provision Is equally wrong. Why should a penalty be placed upon age? We all grow old involuntarily and the handicape of age deserve no positive acts to make them more keen. It is unthinkable that the Government would insist on saving a few dollars at the expense of old servante. Neither lack of time nor expediency should prevail over plain justice. No bill should be pasaad with these out of-date and unfair provision*. They are out of place la a Government bill and no emergency will excuse them. The Star Is to be congratu'ated on Its honest and intelligent stand. JOHN AXTON. ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS * BY FREDERIC J. HASKIX. This great service is maintained by ι The Evening Star I or the benefit of its readers, who may use It every day with out cost to themselves. All they have to do ii to ask for any information de sired and they will receive prompt ans wers by mall. Questions must be clearly written and stated as briefly as poasible. Inclose 3-cent stamp for return post age and address The Evening Star In formation' Bureau, Frederic J. Haskin, Director, Washington. D. C. Q. How much does it cost the vari ous countries to send their representa tives to compete in the Olympic Games? —E. J. A. Approximately $1 000.000 will be expended by the United States and the 49 other countries to send their athletes to Los Angeles and to house and feed them during their stay In the Olympic city. Q. What sort of an insurance com pany is Lloyds, the famous British In stitution··—S. W A. Lloyds is not an insurance com- ' pany at all. It is an insurance ex change. It is the meeting place of in surance brokers and is comparable in a general way to a stock exchange. When it is stated that Insurance is taken out at Lloyds the statement means that insurance has been placed with one or more brokers or companies dealing at Lloyds. Q. At what age do hens begin to lay eggs?—Ε. H. T. A. While there are records of pul lets which laid e?gs earlier, the time when they should begin to lay is be tween the ages of 5 and 6 months. Q. Has an estimate been made of the expense of supplying daily newspapers with the news of the Republican Con vention In Chicago?—W. A. In a special story to Editor and , Publisher. Marlen Pew states that the j press spent about $200.000 a day in covering the G. O. P. Convention. He said there were 726 reporters present. I and that they constituted 38 pv cent of the floor assembly. A number of inno- ; vations were Introduced to keep pace with the high-pressure demands of the times. The Mayor of Chicago put twoj ambulances at the disposal of the news paper photographers, and these were j used to rush the photograph plates from ; the Convention Hall to the airports, ! where speedy planes were waiting to carry them to various cities. The best time seems to have been made by one plane, which went from Chicago to New York in 4 hours and 16 minutes, allow ing the afternoon papers of Manhattan to print photographs of the. convention taken in Chicago the same morning. Q. If a person leaves more money than he disposes of in his will, what ! becomes of the remainder?—O. W. A The residue remaining after all of the provisions in a will have been ! compiled with is divided according to i the laws ol descent of the State. Q. How long has It been since Inde pendence Hall was opened to the pub lic as a museum? what sort of collec tion does It have?—H. I. A. Independence Hall was formally thrown open as a public historical mu seum July 4. 1876. The collection eon- I stsU of furniture, manuscript·, musical instruments, water colors, missiles, mips, coins, currency, weapons, metals, prints, wearing apparel, utensils id* books. Q. Was Judah P. Benjamin, Secre tary of State of the (Confederacy, a Sen ator before or after the Civil War?— Ν. T. A. He was a Senator from Louisiana when the war began and withdrew to Join the Confederate cause. After war he left the country, established himself in England, and was called within the bar as a queen's counsel in 1872. He moved to Parts In 1883 and died there in 1884. Q How msny State banks and na tional banks closed last year?—Ε δ A. The total number of State bank suspensions in 1931 was 1,256: national bmts, 229. During the same year there were 21 national banks and 258 Stat* banks that reopened. p. What Is the favorite character in "Alice in Wonderland" of the original Alice?—A. H. A. Mrs. Harfreaves stated on her re· cent visit that she always had a spe cial fondness for the Cheshire Cat. On selling, the Cunard Co. had a special flag mide for her with the smiling cat on a background of white. Q. Where was the first brick build ing constructed weet of Pittsburgh?— W. H. A. At Kaskaskia. 111. It housed the first Legislature of Illinois Territory. Q. Who was Nlcarsuga Walker?— J w A. William Walker was a San Fran cisco newspaper man who. In 1855. took advantage of an insurrection in Nica ragua. He put Rivas, a native. In the presidency, retaining command of the army himself. Rivas absconded and Walker succeeded. Known as a South ern sympathizer. Walker was joined by adventurous Southerners from the United States. He repealed all anti slavery laws. A native insurrection overthrew him. He had expected sup port from the United States, but did not obtain it. He was captured and turned over to the American naval forces and returned to the United States. He continued his plotting and finally, while operating In Hondurai, was shot. He is known to history as Nicaragua Walker. Q. How should a thermos bottle be cleaned?—H. T. R. A. Crush an egg shell in small pieces, place them In the bottle and then add warm water and washing soda. Shake well, then rinse with clear hot water. Q For what purpose was Lamenta tions written?—S. N. A. It was a book composed for pro fessional mourners to use in leading the walling of the faithful over the fall of Jerusalem. Q. Why is the month of May con sidered unlucky for marriagea?—Ε. B. A. Thif superstition is a survival of Roman custom which made the month of May the occasion of the Lemurla, the festival of the unhannv dear! Borah Rated as Lone Figure In His Prohibition Protest The country la agreed that Senator Borah, while Influential as a cam paigner. appears to be a lone figure In threatening to refuse support of the prohibition plank in the Republican platform. No expectation that he will support the Democrats is voiced and there is speculation as to whether he «ill keep out of the campaign or bat tle only for dry candidate» for Con gress. Some believe a return to the party might be dependent on the stand taken by President Hoover. Refusing to consider the issue as important, the Detroit News (inde pendent) remarks that "an anomaly of our times is found in the great number of our politicians, posing as political leaders, who apparently ar· wholly unaware that the American people would rather eat than drink." The News believes that "the political party which will restore thla country to a state of prosperity, so that none need be hungry, can do anything it ,j»1"1 the liquor question and still hold the approval of the country " The Rochester Times-Union (inde pendent) comments: "The Senator incicated that he would not support a third ticket, and no one imagines that ne will support a Democrat. Time will rhew whether he will sulk, like Achillea m hlg tent, for the duration of the campaign, or finally come forth to battle." The Hartford Daily Times 'independent Democratic) thinks it possible that his statement "is in tended to be construed as a notice to Mr. Hoover of the termi on which Mr Borah's support is to be had." "No one can be surprised." thinks the Youngstown Vindicator (indeoend ent Democratic), "at anything Borah may do. He is famous as the 'lone wolf and the 'solitary horseman.' He goes his own way without consulting others and without considering the political effect of his actions upon his partv " The Columbus Ohio State Joumil (in dependent Republican) declare» that his is the lone voice erying in the wilderness, and if he gets any consola tion out of this, who is there to criti cize?" The Providence Journal (Inde pendent) remarks that "it might falrlv xi.Sw? îhat he glves every evidence of delight in pursuing a solitary trail " The Roanoke World-News (indepenediit Democratic) atteste: "Those who keep a close eye on such matters do not be prf?s h!s objections to the point that would endanger his Republican standing." * * * * Believing that the Senator "reduced to smithereens the pretensions made in behalf of the Republican plank that it proposes an amendment which would protect dry States," the Jersey City Journal (independent Republican) yet holos that 'it is quite evident that Democrats are not going to be able to take votes away from Republicans «ο far as the wet issue Is concerned in this campaign. The Pr>rt Worth Star relegram (independent Democratic) h?m«Uif6V f The Beruitor didn't paint himself into a cerner while he wac giving the platform a going over. He has an exit of his own preparation. If the President glosses over the situation properly in his speech of acceptance the Senator reserves the right to shed his recalcitrancy. His normal record is three and one-half years of adminis tration antagonism and six months of wheei-horae stuff during the campaign." The Charleston (W Va.) Daily Mall ! (independent Republican), arguing that ' he doesn't belong properly to the party," adds that "he will get plenty of publicity out of the bolt,' end this may. after all. be the chief thing he desires " The Oklahoma City Oklahoman (inde pendent) advises that "the mo»t that can be said of his vehement decoration I of personal Independence is that he actually believed what he said when he ! was saying It." That piper, however ! contends that "not since the Wicker sham Committee indorsed the rerwai individually, and retention collectively £i.,ny^. * *** as the Re publican liquor plank been presented to the country." I * * * * "The man who has usually limited1 his insurgency to the period between campaign* now makes good hi* that the collar of regularity la not for a neck aa proud as his," says the Τ1»" 'Democratic), while the Salt Lake Dee ret News (independ r,»L "Many dry, whoheve b?f.eved !n Senator Borah1· sincerity ι A-ί Uitl the Republican formula; ι» not worth fighting for. it seems to ι be now Senator Borah's duty to propos· something better." The situation cre ated by the Senator and by protesting wets in the party inspires the state ment by the Boise Idaho Statesman (Republican): "The Republican party seems to be between two hot fires. The wets are mad as biases because the anti firohibition plank is not wet enough and he drys are mad aa blues because the plank ia too wet." "There is an element of humor." states the Cincinnati Times-Star (Re publican), "in the fact that Nicholas Murray Butler and Senator Borah, who haven't another thing In common, are \ ociferously united in their opposition to the dry plank. With extremists on the liquor question feeling as strongly as they do, moderates who want sane progress out of the prohibition mew will probably find themselves looking with more and more friendly eyes on the Republican declaration/' Taking into account the wet stand of Senator Bingham, the Chicago Daily News (in dependent) concludes that "the Indi cations are that the revisionist policy of the party will be strengthened ma terially by the neutralising onslaughts of the doughty rival leaders of the extreme wets and the extreme drys." Recognizing these two extremes, the Nashville Banner (independent) feels that "there are still others who insist the plank oilers the American people a fair chance to express themselves." The Pittsburgh Post-Gazett: (inde pendent) concludes that "diametrically opposite views of the same thing are just another reminder that when party leaders, for mere purposes of ex pediency, undertake to please every body they please none." * * * * "Republican votes are good on elec tion day," warns the Milwaukee Senti nel (Independent), "and Mr. Borah's madness isn't the kind that makes him forget that. Hell be back and he'll be glad to be back. And for that mat ter, the Republicans will be glad, too. Gcod old BUI! Allow a little for his peculiarities and you'll find him a splendid vote-getting fellow, wet or dry." The belief that he will return to the party is expressed by the In dianapolis News (independent Repub lican), while the importance of his action is minimized by the Chicago Tribune (independent Republican», and the Sioux Palls Argus-Leader (inde pendent Republican), while the Min neapolis Journal (independent Repub lican) call his position "mostly pose," the Spokane Spokesman-Review (Re publican! refers to it as "petulance," and the New York Sun (independent) dismisses the matter with the state ment that "the Senator from Idaho in vented dissent." The Des Moines Trib une (independent Republican) states: There is a sort of 'heads-I-win, tails-you-Joee' atmosphere around that Borahesque performance. Aesop once fixed up a fable covering such situa tions." The Buffalo Evening News (independent Republican* avers: "The plank is a return to the fundamental American principles of rule by the will of the peop.e. If Borah does not lit* that, the party is better off with out him." The Ann Arbor Daily News (Independent) holds that he ' bslongs our of the party" and the Harrisburg Telegraph (independent Republican) is convinced that he "is as unreasona ble In his dry pretensions as are those ardent wets who demand repeal and cnaos rather than opportunity for change through the orderly processes of law." The Topeka Daily Capital (independent Republican ι thinks that "however many admire him for some of his qualities, they can hardly be led by a leader who has nowhere to go, no destination and no terminal facul ties." That Senator Borah's stand Is a loss to his part" is the opinion of the Duluth Heiald (independent Repub lican), the Morgan town Dominion News (independent Democratic) and the Charleston (S. C.) Evening Post (Democratic). Announcing that It will "put its cheers into cold storage," the Omaha World-Herald < independent Democratic) adds: "We know he U right, and know he knows he is right. Sut will he know It in October as he does In June?" The Akron Beacon- , Journal (Independent Republican) ap plauds "the logic of his attack on po litical cowardice." aad the Baltimore Sun (independent Democratic) up holds his "honest analysis " The New Orleans Times-Picayune (independent Democratic) believe, that "he telMM utterance to a widely held opinion The Columbia <»■ C.) State (demo cratic» sees "a real monkey wrench In the vitals <Λ the machine."