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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 26, 1932, Image 1

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(TJ. 8, Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Partly cloudy, continued warm with
risk of local thundershowers late tonight
or tomorrow; moderate south and south
west winds. Temperatures—Highest, 90,
at 4 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 64. at 6 a.m.
today. Full report on page 9.
Closing Ν. Y. Markets, Pages 14,15 & 16
•'From Press to Home
Within an Hour"
The Star's Carrier system covers every j
city block and the regular edition is
delivered to city and suburban homes
as fast as the papers are printed.
Yesterday's Circulation, 113.748
No. 32,259.
Entered as second class matter
post office, Washington, D. C.
OP) Means Associated Press. TWO CENTS.
I , , , .
President Seeks
New Initiative
of Leaders.
Suggests Creation of
More Jobs by
Shorter Hours.
By the Assocloted Press.
President Hoover today told
America's business chieftains he
was convinced the Nation had
overcome "the major financial
crisis" and asked that they as
sume new initiative and responsi
bility to restore labor and agri
culture to higher levels.
Speaking to an audience com
posing one of the most inclusive
gatherings of national banking
ar.d business leaders in history,
the President proposed specifically
that credit be extended to vital
points and that arrangements be
made between employer and em
ploye for shorter hours and wider
distribution of jobs.
A program looking to the stimu
lation of business activity and em
ployment was brought to the con
ference by Secretary of Treasury
Mills from yesterday's session of
an Executive Committee composed
of Government officials and the
chairmen of the 12 Banking and
Industrial Committees of the Fed
eral Reserve System.
Proposes Central Committee.
Secretary Mills recommended for con
ference approval the creation of a cen
tral committee of business leaders to
take command of a fresh drive to lead
the Nation farther along from the eco
nomic slump.
In the furtherance of business re
covery President Hoover said it is clear
ly necessary that there be co-ordination
of effort in hastening the return of un
employed to employmerft in their
natural industries.
"It is doubtful." he added, "whether
any action we could take at this time
■would so greatly accelerate our progress,
serve the welfare of our unemployed
millions, or so quickly give us as a Na
tion the benefit of a widespread spend
ing power as further spread of equitable
plans for sharing the available work.
"As a matter of national policy, the
shortening of hours is necessary, not
alone to meet the needs of the move
IContinued on Page 4, Column 1.)
Equity Proceeding Based on Claim
of Brake Shoe and Foundry
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, August 26.—Equity re
ceivers were appointed today for the
Interborough Rapid Transit Co., which
operates subway and elevated lines con
necting fcur of the city's five boroughs.
Judge Martin T. Manton of the
United States Circuit Court of Appeals
appointed former Justice Victor J.
Dowling and Thomas E. Murray equity
Tne application for the receivership
was made by attorneys for the Ameri
can Brake Shoe & Foundry Co., a
creditor, and was consented to by the
The I. R. T. is the largest subway
operator In New York, but not the
only one. The Brooklyn Manhattan
Transit Co. also operates a subway sys
tem connecting Kings, Manhattan and
Queens boroughs.
Erltish Delegates, at Home, Pro
nounce It Success.
SOUTHAMPTON. England, August
26 (/P).—British delegates returning
ircm the Economic Conference at Otta
wa declared upon their arrival today
that the meeting with the dominions
had been successful from every stand
Cabinet members in the delegation
hurried up to London for a meeting to
be held either today or tomorrow.
Text of Hoover's Speech
President, Addressing Conference, Likens Victory to
Chateau-Thierry, but Warns That "Battle
of Soissons" Is Yet to Come.
owning the conference of Fed
eral Reserve District Banking
and Industrial Committees to
day, foilows:
We have asked you. the members
of the 12 Federal Reserve District
Banking and Industrial Committees,
to confer together and with the offi
cials of the Government agencies
which are engaged in the problems
of the depression. The purpose of
the conference is to better organize
private initiative and to co-ordi
nate it with governmental activities
so as to further aid in the progress
oi recovery of business, agriculture
and employment. The committees
of the different Federal Reserve
districts were created some time
since and have already been of great
service in the solution of many
local problems. Many constructive
projects have been advanced by
them. We wish to expand the ideas
and solutions developed in the dif
ferent districts over other areas
where they may be adaptable, to
co-ordinate private and govern
mental agencies, to initiate steps
for organization of groups to un
dertake special and immediate prob
lems in credit, in industry, in agri
culture end in employment as they
arise in the different districts. In
other words, this is a meeting not
to pass resolutions on economic
questions but to give you the op
portunity to organize for action. It
is not proposed that you shall have
authority from the Government, but
that you should join in stimulation
of organized private initiative of
The reason for calling this con
ference at this particular moment
is that we are convinced that we
have overcome the major financial
crisis—a crisis in severity unparal
leled in the history of the world—
and that with its relaxation confl
(Continued on Page 4. Column 5.)
Controller Tells National Bank
Receivers to Delay Action
for Sixty Days.
By the Associated Press.
Steps to have receivers of national.
State tnd other banking institutions
grant a 60-day moratorium on home
foreclosures have been taken by the
Federal Home Loan Bank Board.
Chairman Franklin W. Fort made the
announcement to the national confer
ence of business and industrial commit
tees that Controller of the Currency
Pcle had issued orders to every national
bank receiver to tuspend foreclosures
for 60 days.
Later Fort made public a telegram
dispatched to State banking authorities
requesting them to instruct receivers or
other liquidators of closed instltuticns
to grant a similar respite.
Many Banks Affected.
Fort said hundreds of closed banks
would be affected and probably hun
dreds of millions of dollars would be
Tiie telegram sent to State banking
commissioners and supervisors follows:
"We hope to have Federal loan banks
cpen and doing business on or before
October 15, after whicn date substan
tial relaxation in the mortgage loan
market should develop speedily. In the
meantime, we feel that foieclosures
should be prevented wherever possible.
"We. therefore, request you to in
struct the receivers or other liquida
tors of closed institution·; under your
jurisdiction to withhold or delay fore
closure proceedings for at least 60 days,
thus offering chance of preserving
equity of owner of real estate.
No Delay in Dividends.
•'Dividends to depositors or credi
tors ne«>d not be delayed cs the Re
construction Finance Corporation is au
thorized to loan to receivers.
"Controller Pole of the curvency is
issuing instructions in accordance with
this telegram to all receivers of na
tional banks. We earnestly request
your concurrence in your State."
Fort said at the present time there
was no mortgage money in the market,
but that he was convinced that at the
end of 60 days when the home loan
banking system begins to function that
there would be a market for real estate
mortgages. He said the 60-day mora
torium would save the homes of thou
sands of persons, many of whom had
(Continued on Page 5, Column 8.)
Former Mrs. Marcus Daly Wed.
DINARD, France. August 26 (Λ5).—
The former Mrs. Marcus Daly, widow
of the son of the American copper man,
was married today in a rel'gious cere
mony to George John D. Djamgaroff.
A civil service was performed last
month, in London. They will live in
New York.
Quake Rocks Austrian City.
KLAGENFURT, Austria, August 26
(IP).—A slight earthquake rattled the
crockery in this Corinthian city today,
but did no serious damage.
■ *
Hope of Results Before Win
ter Expressed—Task Called
By the Associated Press.
Owen D. Young, New York Industrial
leader and a prominent Democrat, told
the National Economic Conference today
that th« prime purpose of co-ordinated
drive of business and government was
to make more jobs.
As chairman of the first of the bank
ing and industrial committees formed
last Spring to bring together the forces
of economic attack, Young related in j
detail the organization of that com
"We have all learned," he explained, j
"that it is quite impossible to deal with
this depression in Insulated compart
ments. It Is obviously hopeless for us
to accomplish much in this country
unless we can unifv and co-ordinate the
action of these groups in several dis
Hopes for Early Result·.
He joined emphatically in ths decla
ration to the Nation's business leaders
that it was to their best interest to see
that the human family had a livelihood.
"If we succeed even in small meas- j
ure in this undertaking and can do it
before the Winter comes, Mr. Chair
man, I th;nk these committees will have
rendered a very great service to busi
ness in the United States.
"And not only to business, because
that is secondary, but to men and
women who need food and shelter, and
most of all who need to retain their
own self-confidence and self-respect.
Indeed, not only their self-confidence
and self-respect, but what is even more
important than all, to enable them and
us to retain the confidei.ce of the chil
dren who are coming on.
Problem Is Non-Pariisan.
"A father's job lost does more than
humiliate the parent. It does more than
weaken the self-respect of the child. It
threatens that stability and that op
portunity for the future which L*> the
basis of our hopes and the impulse of
our accomplishments.
"That is our problem here. It is noi
one of partisan politics. It is a prob
lem of the perfection for the future of
a social and economic system which is
the only one having back of it the hu
man experience of thousands of years
and, however faulty, it is the one into
which is welded the evolutionary back
grounds of the peoples of the world."
Party of 28 Caught on Drifting
Float While Visiting Abandoned
Fur Ship, Baychimo.
; By the Associated Press.
POINT BARROW, Alaska. August
26.—Carried 30 miles from shore on an
Arctic ice floe, a party of 28 Eskimo
men were safe ashore today after spend
ing four days on the ice pack, and on
the abandoned fur trader, the
After reaching the Baychimo safely
last Sunday, they said an easterly wind
sprang up, breaking up the ice on
which thev had reached the vessel.
Only by splitting up into small parties
and hunting for seal and bear when
their food supplies were exhausted, and
waiting for the wind to die down, were
they able to return to shore.
The Baychimo, although nearly a
year in the ice now, is little damaged,
they said.

Police on Lookout for Offenders
Believed Headed Toward French
or Swiss Border.
By the Associated Press.
ROME, August 26—The newspaper
Corriere Delia Sera reported yesterday
that $400,000 had been embezzled from
the Rome branch of the Bank of
Sicily, and Milan police were on the
lookout for the offenders, who were be
lieved to be headed toward the French
or Swiss border.
Rome police have not confirmed the
report nor has the bank made an an
nouncement. The newspaper pointed
out silence may be observed for a time
so as not to jeopardize the chanoee of
catching the criminal·.
Six "Specifies"
Suggested to
Secretary Tells of
Progress to
Six specific endeavors for pro
moting economic improvement,
co-ordinated by a Central Com
mittee of business leaders, were
recommended to the President's
conference of banking and busi
ness leaders today by Secretary
of the Treasury Mills.
He told the assembled commit
tees that this program had been
presented to their chairmen in
yesterday's all-day meeting of
Federal Reserve Bank officials and
believed "worthy of considera
tion" by the conference.
"We are not setting u^ an eco
nomic council to endeavor to di
rect the economic policies of the
country," the Treasury Secretary ;
assured the gathering.
"We are creating a central crganiza- |
tion for the purpose of contact and co- ι
operation to assist in the task to be j
performed by the Reconstruction Fi- ;
nance Corporation, Federal Reserve !
Banking System, the Home Loan Banks,
the Banking and Industrial Committees
and such voluntary groups as may asso
ciate themselves with the latter with a
view to developing helpful steps looking
to gradual economic rehabilitation and
more immediately an increasing in em
c:. D.:.i n.
The six-point.program as outlined by
Mr. Mills is as fellows:
"1. The problem of making avail
able credit affirmatively useful to busi
"2. To increase employment by the
railroads and stimulation of industry
through expansion of maintenance of
equipment and purchase of new equip
ment In co-operation wiih the Inter
state Commerce Commission and The
Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
"3. Increased employment through
the sharing work movement.
"4. The stimulation of the repair
and improvement of home movement.
"5. Assistance to Home owners with
maturing mortgages.
"6. Active co-operation of all bank
ing and industrial committees with the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation in
working out the problems incident to
the making of self-liquidating loans for
public and semi-public projects and for
slum clearance and housing projects as
provided in the emergency relief act; in
the aiding of live stock loans by the
Reconstruction Finance Corporation
and agricultural credit corporations; in
assisting the establishment of agricul
ture credit corporations provided for in
the relief act and in facilitating the
adequate functioning of the new home
loan banks."
Mr. Mills said that since first discus
sions of a central clearing house organ
ization and a definite plan for business
and employment betterment, progress
already had been made. He cited as
examples creation of the commodity
finance and American securities cor
porations and the development of a
capital-expenditures movement among
Text of Mills' Statement.
The full text of Secretary Mills'
statement follows;
"Some four months ago, at a
time when the Reconstruction Finance
Corporation was already actively engaged
in the protection and strengthening of
our banking structure and the Federal
Reserve system, with its vast resources
made fully available by the Glass-Stea
gall bill, was, through a vigorous policy,
stemming the tide of deflation and
credit contraction, but when dark
clouds still hung heavily over our finan
cial horizon, there came into being in
each of the 12 Federal Reserve dis
tricts a banking and industrial commit
tee composed, generally speaking, of
six leading bankers and six leading in
dustrialists and business men.
The first one of these was created in
the New York district under the leader
ship of Mr. Owen Young. This com
mittee served as a model for the com
mittees subsequently organized in the
other districts. In the words of Mr.
Young, the objective of these commit
tees was "to discover ways and means
of putting excess banking credit to
work affirmatively to stimulate employ
ment and business recovery." Mr.
Young is here to tell you in person how
the New York committee has been or
ganized, how it has tackled the prob
lems in the second Federal Reserve dis
trict, and what it has been able to
The chairmen of the committees in
the other districts are also present, but
for the purpose of discussion this morn
ing the story of the New York commit
tee may be taken ar. typical of the work
(Continued on Page 5, Column 3.)
— m «
Leader Says Former President Is
Still Undecided on Whether He
Will Speak or Not.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, August 26.—John Q.
Tilson. director of the Eastern Republi
can Speakers' Bureau, today tele
graphed Eastern campaign headquar
ters that former President Calvin
Coolidge is willing to do anything he
can to insure the success of the Re
publican campaign, but whether he will |
make any speeches is still undeter
Tilscn lunched with the former Presi
dent yesterday at Plymouth, Vt.
"Former President Coolidge," the
message lrom Tilson said, "has ex
pressed a willingness to do whatever
he can to insure Xhe success of the
Republican campaign. The question of
just how Mr. Coolidge can best help
in the Republican campaign Is yet to
be determined. Mr. Coolidge. however,
made it clear that he was deeDlv ln
1 terested in the success of the ticket."
Successor in Office Admits
She Deposited His Funds
in Her Account.
By the Associated Près·.
ALBANY, Ν. Y., August 26.—Miss
Mildred Day, office secretary for the
law firm with which Russell T. Sher
wood, missing accountant, formerly was j
associated, testified today at the hear- !
ing on removal charges against Mayor
James J. Walker that since Sherwood
left, about a year ago, she has de
posited in her ο·νη bank account about
$2,000 m dividend checks that have
come in for him.
She said she deposited the checks ]
in her account in a bank in East j
Orange, N. J., —here she lives, and j
that it is ail there now, part of it
in a safety deposit box and part in
her account.
"Mr. Sherwood had a bank account
in New York, didn't he?" asked Martin
Conboy, special counsel to Gov, Frank
lin D Roosevelt, before whom the hear
ing is being conducted.
"Yes, he did," Miss Day replied.
"Why didn't you put the money into
his account, instead of in your own?"
Conboy asked her.
"I never thought of that," was Miss
Day's reply.
Property Sold for Fine.
Sherwood, for his failure to return
to New York and appear before the
Hofstadter Legislative Committee, was
held in contempt by the Supreme Court
last Winter and was fined $5$0,000.
Since then some of his property has
been sold at a sheriff's sale to meet the
Seabury asked Miss Day if the
sheriff had ever asked her for the
"No." she replied.
While Miss Day was on the stand
Seabury handed her a check book.
"This is Mayor Walker's check book."
he said. "Do you see on the stubs there
any handwriting except that of Mr.
"No," Miss Day answered. "The mayor
never makes out his own checks. I make
them out for him now and have since j
Mr. Sherwood left."
Miss Day testified that, following an
attack of tonsilitis and influenza in the
Spring of 1931. Sherwood appeared to
be "on the verge of a nervous break
Saw Him Year Ago.
"The last time I saw him," she said,
"he came into the office. That was
about August 7, a year ago. I urged
him to take a vacation then, because
he looked so miserable. He said he
Miss Day identified severay type
written letters, dated May 23 and early
in June, this year—just after Mayor
Walker was p. witness before the Hof- j
stadter Committee—and signed "Russ." |
They were brought to her by Sherwood's
sister, she said, and she turned them
over to the mayor.
"I don't think the signature Is in
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
Tells League of Nations It Has
Right to Go Through Chaco.
Plans Military Hospitals.
By the Associated Press.
GENEVA, August 26.—Bolivia sent
the League of Nations another note
today in connection with its dispute
with Paraguay over the Gran Chaco.
The communication reiterates that
Bolivia seeks an outlet through the
Chaco to the sea, not only as a neces
sity, but as a right.
"Bolivia never upheld the theory that
necessity creates the law," said the note.
"It is the law which creates and im
poses upon a country the right to pos
sess what belongs to it. That is Bolivia's
LA PAZ, Bolivia, August 26 C4>).—
The Senate yesterday recommended im
mediate construction of three military
hospitals which would be used in the
event of military action on a large scale
with Paraguay in the conflict over the
Gran Chaco.
A law was adopted to give public em
ployes called to service 50 per cent of
their regular salaries.
The general staff announced that
"Paraguayan propaganda" accounted
for reports that Bolivian troops in the
Chaco were suffering from yellow fever
and smallpox. A denial also was is
sued of reports that a Paraguayan pris
oner had been lynched.
Mussolini Cheered
Threatening Sword
For Fascism's Foes
By the Associated Press.
PERUGIA. Italy, August 26.—
Inaugurating an aqueduct and
new fountain here. Premier Mus
solini described the significance
of the ceremcny thus:
"Water and welfare fcr the
people who work, and the sword
for the enemies of the regime."
The crowd cheered enthusias
D. C. Girls and Hyattsville
Man Are Victims Near
Millersville, Md.
Two persons were instantly killed
and a third fatally injured when a
sedan in which they were riding col
lided with a truck on the Crain High
way near Millersville, Md., early today.
The dead are:
Ellis Umb3rger, about 21 years old,
of Hyattsville, Md., driver of the sedan.
Miss Yolanda Sorivi, 16, 1745 Eight
eenth street, Washington.
Miss Ada Murray, 18, 1919 Nineteenth
street, Washington.
State police said the sedan in which
they were riding was in collision with
a truck operated by Milford H. Melling
of Severn, Md. The accident occurred
at the intersection of tne Crain High
way and the Fort Meade road, Just over
the top of a hill.
Umberger's car was coming out of the
fort road, while the truck was traveling
south on the highway. The impact
threw the driver and Miss Sorivi 20
feet and demolished the car, which later
caught fire. It was extinguished by
Miss Murray was rushed to Emer
gency Hospital. Annapolis, in the West
Annapolis ambulance. She died an hour
Melling was arrested on an investiga
tion charge by Corpl. James O. Shock
ley· of the State police force. A cor
oner's jury was impaneled by Justice
of Peace Lester L. Disney and will hold
an inquest at Anderson's Corner, the
scene of the crash, Monday night.
Mrs. Francesca Sorivi, mother of one
of the dead girls, said this morning that
(.Continued on Page 2, Column 6 )
Resignation as Head of Lottery
Charitable Agency Follows
Hospital Controversy.
By the Associated Press.
MEXICO CITY, August 26.—Presi
dent Pascual Ortiz Rubio last night an
nounced the resignation of his brother,
Francisco, as president of the Benefi
cencia Publics, government charitable
agency financed by the national lottery.
Simultaneously it became known that
all the department heads and many of
the federal district employes had hand
ed their resignations to the President
as the latest manifestation of discord
in national political affairs.
The chief of the federal district gov
ernment, the equivalent of mayor of
Mexico City, resigned recently with the
explanation that he had incurred the
President's disfavor by intervening in
the General Hospital dispute. The hos
pital came under Francisco Ortiz
Rubio's jurisdiction. The chief of the
health department stepped aside in the
Since the disagreement occurred there
have been rumors that the President
and Plutarco Elias Calles, the "strong
man" of Mexico, were not in agreement
in the matter.
Labor Leader Invited to Pulpit of
Pittsburgh Cathedral.
PITTSBURGH, August 26 OP).—An
invitation to speak from the Trinity
Cathedral pulpit Sunday, September 4,
has been extended William Green, presi
dent of the American Federation of
Green studied for the Baptist min
istry in his yo'.th. He will be the
Labor Day speaker here.
Radio Programs on Page Β 4
New Picketers Take Posts as
Iowa Farmers Cut Strike
I By the Associated Press.
OMAHA, August 26.—Highways into
j Omaha were picketed today by Ne
braska farmers participating in the
farmers' holiday movement to force
\ higher prices for farm produce. Pickets
were posted on the road from Blair,
Nebr., just across the Missouri River
from Missouri Valley, Iowa, to Omaha,
the main route here from the north
east section of the State.
The pickets stopped all trucks, but
allowed all to proceed into Omaha
after warning the drivers that "this is
the last time we'll let you through
after this we mean business."
The picketing was orderly and the
I strikers said they would keep a con
stant vigil on the highway with in
creased numbers on the lines tonight.
Next Tuesday a mass meeting of
Douglas County farmers will be held
and plans will be discussed for picket
ing of roads leading into Omaha from
the south and west. Omaha is the
county seat of Douglas County.
Iowa Lines Reduced.
On the Iowa side of the Missouri
River leaders of 2.000 strikers decided
that picketing of Pottawattamie County
roads intc Council Bluffs would be
done with smaller forces.
A committee of eight who said they
represented strikers from Woodbupr,
Plymouth, Sioux and O'Brien Counties
issued a statement criticizing Sheriff
Lainson ar.d declaring that the large
group would, leave the Council Bluffs
area at once.'
"These 2,000 men came down here
to get the boys out of jail. We were
victors in a way," the committee said.
They referred to the 55 strikers who
had been arrested on charges of un
lawful assembly and who were released
on bond yesterday after threats to
storm the jail.
Meanwhile some Pottawattamie Coun
( Continued on Page 3, Column 2.)
Dives Into Long Island Sound Day
After Dip in Los Angeles
By the Associated Press.
RYE. Ν. Y., August 26.—Amelia Ear
hart Putnam went swimir.ing in a Los
Angeles pool Wednesc'ay, before setting
I out on her non-stop transcontinental
hop. Yesterday she swam in Long
Island Sound
"It seems a little queer, even in these
times," said George Palmer Putnam,
her publisher husband.
Though she was in the air several
hours longer on her latest flight than
when she crossed the Atlantic in May,
! Mrs. Putnam said at her home here she
was "a little tired, but not so very."
So, after a few hours' rest, the Put
nams went for a swim.
Stamp Convention Elects.
WARREN, Ohio, August 26 OP).—The
i Universal Stamp Association concluded
! its two-day annual convention here yes
! terday after electing Camille Lacomb,
; Syracuse, Ν. Y., president.
Lee and Bochkon Unreported
Since They Left Harbor
Grace Yesterday.
Thick Weather May Have Forced'
"Green Mountain Boy" to Fly
at High Altitude.
By the Associated Press.
OSLO. Norway, August 26.—Hope that
Clyde Lee and John Bochkon might suc
ceed in flying their "Green Mountain
Boy" across the Atlantic began to dim
today as afternoon faded into evening
and there was still no word of them.
It was feared that the bad weather
which prevailed over the Eastern At
lantic might have spelled failure for
their aspirations.
There were low-lying clouds and some
fog over the water to Great Britain
from noon on and because of those con
ditions it might be that the flyers had
flown over England without being seen.
Believed to Have Been Forced to Fly
Above Rain.
HARBOR GRACE, Newfoundland,
August 26 (JP).—From the vast Atlantic
came no word today of the Green
Mountain Boy, but there was confidence
the big plane bearing Clyde Lee of
Oshkosh, Wis., and John Bochkon of
Brooklyn was nearing Oslo, Norway, its
When the flyers hopped yesterday
morning at 5:02 o'clock (Eastern stand
ard time) on the second leg of their
journey from Barre, Vt., toward the
land of the Vikings, they said they
hoped to make it in 30 hours. That
would put them in Oslo shortly after
11 a.m. today.
Some slight anxiety was felt because
no vessel reported sighting the plane,
although it was presumably flying in
the path of many ships, but it was
believed possible the flyers might have
climbed high to avoid a rainstorm they
expected to meet 600 miles off New
foundland and thus would not be easy
to sight.
bnouid Be Over Europe.
Flying the great circle, the red mono
plane, according to its plotted course
and estimated speed, should have hit
the Irish coast near Galway at about
11 o'clock last night The airmen plan
ned to fly over Dublin, Southern Eng
land and Cuxhaven. Germany, before
ι coming down at KJeller Field, Oslo.
Galway is on the West Coast of Ire
land and about 1,800 miles from Har
bor Grace.
Flying at night over Ireland, Lee and
Bouchkon would not stand much
chance of being sighted. Several fly
ing expeditions have made the last
stages of an Atlantic crossing at night
and have been unreported until their
safe arrival.
Allowed Margin for Safety.
The airmen had allowed a comfort
able margin for safety in their tanks.
They carried enough fuel for 37 hours'
flying. They were also prepared for a
sea landing. The plane's coors were
sealed to make room for extra gas
tanks and a hole was cut through the
roof as an emergency exit. In the
event of a sea landing, it was hoped
to cut the motor awav so the empty
tanks could keep the craft afloat.
Lee is 24 years old and has had ex
tensive experience as a barnstormer.
Bochkon is 29 and a former member of
the Norwegian Flying Corps.
ST. JOHN, New Brunswick. August
28 <.A>).—Two mechanics flying from
New York to Harbor Grace to prepare
for Capt. J. A. Molliscn's arrival on his
(Continued on Page 2, Column 8.)
Assistant Valuation Engineer
Plunges From Offices at
By the Associated Press.
BALTIMORE, August 26.—William
C. Coles, assistant valuation engineer of
the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad Co.,
late yesterday plunged to his death
from the eleventh floor of the com
pany's central office building.
Employes said Coles had appeared
nervous and finally went to the win
dow and leaped out, saying: "This
time I am going to do it." His body
was found in a small alleyway.
He had been in the employ of the
railroad 28 years and recently was chief
engineer of the valuation department.
He was born in St. Louis, Mo., July 9,
1886, and is survived by his widow and
two sons, one six weeks old.
Ambassador Sherrill to Return.
ISTANBUL, Turkey, August 26 UP).—
United States Ambassador Charles Sher
rill will leave for Washington August
31, returning at the end of October.
Ρ Ye know
Torrential Downfall Breaks Long Drought in Arizona,
Washing Out One Bridge.
By the Associated Press.
GALLUP, Ν. M., August 26.—Prayers
of the chief medicine men of the Hopi
Indians for rain were answered yester
While the medicine makers were
chanting their ceremonial prayers at
Toreva. Nesa village, thunder crashed
; from the lowering clouds and rain fell
in torrents, breaking a long drought.
The rain area extended throughout
the Hopi country and as far south as
Wlnslow. Ariz. One bridge was washed
out on the main highway 70 miles west
of Gallup.
A crowd of visitors witnessed the an
nual inter-tribal ceremonials. The.
snake dance of the Hopi was carriea
out although rain had fallen. The se
crets of the tribe \f uude a strangely
efficacious antidot# for bites of the
venomous snakes l.sed by the dancers.
The snakes, in the Hopi legends, carry '
the annual apology and supplication for
Intercessions with the gods of rain, to
the underworld abode of the snake peo
ple, upon whom In ages past, so the
stories ço, the Hopi visited an Insult,
and suffered seasons of drought In
Few students of Hopi lore ever have
been able to agree upon the real sig
nificance of the snake dance, and It* at- .
tendant secret rites, or settle upon any
one of the many legendary tales as the
authentic story of the beginning of the
rain prayei*.
4 ?
, *
Scientist Decides Atoms Simply Rearrange Selves to
Produce Different Characteristics.
By the Associated Press.
ITHACA, Ν. Y„ August 26.—The j
f '-t blonde to appear in a race of
\r. unettes resulted from a process much ;
like changing water into gas, it was !
revealed today by a scientist's new ;
picture of how evolution works.
A new idea of what happens inside
K3nes, the microscopic units of heredity
that carry such traits as blond hair,
blue eyes, or snub noses from mother
to daughter, was presented before the
International Congre.ss of Genetics by
Dr. N. Timeofeefi-Ressovsky of Ger
He said experiments show a gene is
probably a large molecule, or bundle
of atoms, a single physico-chemical
unit like a molecule of water. The
change, or "mutation," such as would
b? necessary to produce the first blond
in a race of brunettes, would be a rear
rangement of the atoms in the gene
rnolecule. just as atoms in a water
molecule are rearranged when the water
t-ianges to gas.
The new theory of Dr. Timeofeeff
Ressovsky Is contrary to the old Idea
of many scientists that genes are par
tially or wholly destroyed In the pro
cess of mutation. Instead of being
destroyed, he holds, their atoms are
merely rearranged, thus producing
some new characteristic in the next
generation. Such a rearrangement ol
atoms, perhaps, gave early fish their
first air-breathing apparatus and helped
turn flippers Into legs for walking on
Use of X-rays to cause artificial
mutations in fruit files is the basts ol
the German scientist's new theory
Genes causing certain characteristics
such as eye-color In the flies, "disap
peared" under bombardment of X-rays
but also reappeared under the same
kind of treatment.
A "family tree" of the animal king
dom that shows by blood tests ho*
closely dogs, horses, sheep, pigs and
cattle are related to each other waj
exhibited by A. A. Boyden of Rutgen

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