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<U S Weather Bureau Forecasts Partly cloudy tonight; tomorrow fair, slightly warmer; gentle variable winds. Temperatures—Highest, 90, at 3 p.m. yesterday; lowest, 72, at 6:15 a.m. today. Full report on page 5. Closing Ν. Y. Markets, Pages 14,15 & 16 "From Pre$s to Home Within an Hour" The Star's Carrier syst em coversevery city block and the regular edition is delivered to city and suburban homes as fast as the papers are printed. Saturday's Circulation, 109,247 Sunday's Circulation. 120,344 No. 32,262. Knfered as second class matter post office, Washington, P. C. WASHINGTON, D. C., MONDAY, AUGUST 29, 1932—THIRTY PAGES. *·** OP) Means Associated Press. TWO CENTS. I F. C. PRESCRIS RULES FOR LOANS ON PUBLIC WORKS Fixes Regulations Governing Advances to States, Cities and Firms. SETS FORTH WARNING ON REVENUE SOURCES Aid Will Not Be Available on Projects Which Will Be Paid for by Taxation. Bt the Associated Press. The Reconstruction Finance Corpo ration today prescribed the rules under, which it will make loans to States, | municipalities and private corporations ! for financing self-liquidating construc- ! tion projects. "New construction only is to be ! financed," it said in a pamphlet dis tributed to its loan agcncies and Cham- ί bers of Commerce. "No loans may be made to refinance ! or refund the financing of projects al- j ready constructed, as that would not j create employment." Advances will be made by the corpo ration out of the $1.500.000.000 increase in funds provided by the relief act. No project to be paid for through taxation is eligible for a loan. Liquidations must b? met through tolls, fees, rents or other charges. To insure the maximum employment, borrowers must agree in writing to limit the hours of workmen not hold ing executive or administrative posi tions, to 30 hours a week and agree ; not to use convict labor. Preference also is to be given ex-service men. Each applicant for a self-liquidating loan must supply full information on the project. An advisory board of five engineers will assist in passing on con struction loans. Among data private corporations ! must supply in applications: Comparative balance sheets for each j oi the ast five fiscal years; compara- j tive earnings statements for five years; j the nam·», addresses, credit references, [ salaries and other occupations of all officers and directors and the amount of stock or securities of the company each owns. The names of the 10 larg est stockholders also must be given. From States and municipalities fiscal siatemeiiis igr uie uui> unci: lumi jwn are required. Assessed valuation of prop erty, the r mount of taxes, the tax rate and a statement of uncollected taxes must be included. Eûch r.pplication also is required to have attached to it an opinion of an attorney as to the legality of the project. WAGNER HITS "PEI.AY." Senator Fears Opportunities May Be ''Frittered Away." NEW YORK. August 29 (^.—Sena tor Robert F. Wagner, New York Dem ocrat, made public yesterday a letter to Secretary Mills in which he com- , plained of "undue delay" in making ι available to the various departments ' the S322.0C0.000 appropriated for Fed eral construction as a relief measure. The Senator wrote that "if the em ployment opportunities provided by the relief and construction act are frittered away » » » the present signs of recovery may prove a delusioA." ROBERTSON TO SPEAK. Will Outline Plan for Revival of Pros- 1 pcrity. PITTSBURGH, August 29 OP).—A. W. Robertson, chairman of the plant- ! replacement subcommittee at President Hoover's recent economic conference, will detail his plan for revival of na tional prosperity today. He will explaei to 100 or more indus- i trial leaders, from various sections of ! the country, a program which will in- I volve $5.000.000 oi credit still available j in the country. Plant replacements and : improvements will be suggested. Robertson, chairman of the Westing houf.e Electric & Manufacturing Co. beard, says he believes an upward trend in business conditions is near. Porto Rico's Plea Studied. SAN JUAN. Porto Rico. August 29 j VP).—R. H. Buss, representing the Re- ! construction Finance Corporation, ar- ! rived today to study Porto Rico's appli cation for a loan. He spent the morn- ' ing conferring with bankers. NEW STATE LINKED TO BRAZILIAN WAR 3.000 Armed Men Reported In volved in Rebellion Spreading to Rio Grande Do Sul. By the Associated Presf MONTEVIDEO. Uruguay. August 29. j —Rebellions involving upward of 3,000 | armed men have occurred in several j centers in the Brazilian state of Rio Grande Do Sul. dispatches from that1 section said yesterday, and the situation j with regard to the federal government j is grave. A number of state officials j were said to have fled from Porto Alegre. ; Troops Capture Town. RIO DE JANEIRO. August 29 (TP).— j Federal troops in the field against the rebels of Sao Paulo reported yesterday they had captured the town of Ribei ropolis, an important highway junction ί 60 miles northwest of Bury. The day s bulletins also announced capture of the railway stations at Eleuterio, Atalivanoguerira. Prata and Mococa, )n the border between Sao Paulo and Minas Gereas. Fourteen fed erals were killed and 28 wounded in these engagements. Belated dispatches from the town of Manaos said federal naval forces had won an engagement 800 miles up the Amazon. The federals commandeered two cargo vessels, armed them and sank two similar ships which h'd been ccm mandeered by the rebels at Obidos. STERLING LEADS IN TEXAS BY 3,429 IN RUN-OFF RACE Noses Out Mrs. Ferguson in Close Con test, With Returns From State Incomplete. By the Associated Press. DALLAS. Tex., August 29—Gov. R. S. Sterling's lead over Mrs. Miriam A (Ma) Ferguson for the Democratic gu bernatorial nomination mounted to 3.429 on additional returns from Saturday's primary election. The latest tabulation by Election Bureau gave Sterling 466.318 votes and Mrs. Ferguson 462.889. This was for n51 counties of the State. Mrs. Ferguson is the only woman who has been Governor of Texas, a house wife who went to Vhe hustings when her husband, James E. Ferguson, was barred from holding office. He was im peached and removed from the Gover-_ nor's chair in 1917. After one term. Mrs. Ferguson was defeated for re-election by Dan Moody, «ho was attorney general under her administration and led in the proceed I ings which persuaded the courts to cancel Important highway construction contracts granted during her tenure of office. Her defeat was six years ago. Moody was succeeded by Sterling, who had been chairman of the High way Commission during the former's ; term. Mrs. Ferguson ran against Ster ! ling two years ago. led at the first pri mary and was defeated in the runoff. The State bureau's returns indicated the iiomination of George B. Terrell. Joseph Weldon Bailey (son of the for mer Senator of that name) and Ster ling P. Strong to the three places as Congressman at large given the State by the last congressional reapportion ment. Terrell and Bailey were indorsed by organizations favoring repeal of the eighteenth amendment. Strong for merly was superintendent of the Anti Saloon League in Texas. WALKER'S HEARING DELAYED BY DEATH Mayor's Brother Succumbs at Saranac Lake—Gov ernor Calls Off Session, i By the Associated Press. ALBANY. Ν. Y., August 29.—Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt announced today that the bearing of charges against Mayor James J. Walker would be ad journed until after the funeral of the mayor's brother, George Walker, who iied at Saranac Lake today. "Because of the death of the mayor's t>rother." the Governor raid, "the hear ing, of course, will be postponed until ifter the funeral." The Governor said he did not know ivhen the funeral was to be held. The Governor's decision was reached after he had conferred with John J. Curtin, chief of Walker's counsel. Court Ruling Due Tonight. A second expected development in the Walker case was postponed by a matter sf hours when Supreme Court Justice Ellis J. Staley said he would not make public until tonight his decision on the ipplication of Walker for an order to stop the Governor deciding on the iuster request. The mayor's younger brother, a New iTork City insurance broker, died in a private sanatorium, where he had bean indergoins treatment for tuberculosis 'or two months. He was 47 years old. Death came with a suddenness that s-as not generally expected. On July !9, when the mayor visited his brother lere. the patient's condition had seemed mproved, but he suffered a relapse a :ew days ago. His wife and their two laughters, Helen and Dorothy, weie at lis bedside when he died. He was a member of the firm of Hughes & Walker, insurance brokers. Governor's- Powers Involved. me mouon oeiore juage csraiey m ! fleet is an order requiring the Gov îrnor to show cause why he should not >e prohibited from giving a cecidon in ■h; case. Mayor Walker contended be ore the court that Gov. Roosevelt had 10 power to hear the ouster charges or .0 remove a mayor of New York. The governor's answer, presented by Deputy attorney General Henry J. Epstein, was 'vofold. He denied that the judiciary :an interfere in the executive functions )t the Governor, and he claimed full >ower to îemove the mayor, if he felt he charges warranted, under the Nev i'ork charter and the State constitu ,ion. Mayor Walker's attorney, John J. Surtin, has hinted several times at further court action if the decision ι vas against the mayor. FEE SPLITTING PROBE ASKED. New York Committee Urges Investi gation of Medical Charges. NEW YORK August 29 (Λ5).—A gen- I ?ral invesigation into alleged fee-split- j ting and bill-padding in medical work for the city is asked by the City Affairs ! Committee in a letter to Gov. Franklin D. Roosevelt made public yesterday. Paul Blanshard, executive director of the committee, said in the letter that the Grievance Committee of the Board of Regents has refused his request to , make such an investigation. The Grievance Committee last Wed nesday held a preliminary hearing on the City Affairs Committee's charges against the mayor's brother, Dr. Wil liam H. Walker, and four other phy sicians, and took their cases under ad visement. SHOT THRICE IN HEART, BOY, 11, IS RECOVERING Remarkable Surgical Feat by Viennese Forestalls Fatal Hemorrhage. By the Associated Press. VIENNA, August 29 — Rudolf Datel maier. an 11-year-old boy whose heart was pierced by three bird shot in a hunting accident on Sunday, today was reported recovering after a remarkable surgical feat by Dr. Gustav Felsenreich of the University of Vienna. The surgeon sewed up the three wounds in the still beating heart and later removed shot from the wounded lad's other organs. The entire opera tion was carried out with the utmost speed and a fatal hemorrhage was fore stalled. LINERS MAY RAISE FARES Ocean Passenger Travel at Reduced Rates Unsatisfactory. NEW YORK, August 29 (Λ*>.—'The Times says shipping men are planning to increase passenger rates on trans Atlantic travel at a conference in Europe next October, to be held prob ably in Paris or London. Last April, rates were lowered approx imately 20 per cent. As a result, pas senger traffic increased on most lines, but not sufficiently to equalize the low ered income, the paper says. Radio Programs on Page B-5 U. S. ALREADY FEELS HOME LOAN BELIEF Fort Avers Credits Eased as Drive Opens for Subscriptions. By the Associated Press. Franklin W. Fort, chairman of the Home Loan Board, said today there had been a noticeable easing of the mortgage situation in the face of de veloping plans by the board to put the system's 12 banks in operation. The board was working out arrange ments today for opening th2 capital stock subscription books in the various districts and was considering ap pointees fcr the 12 banks' directorates. Fort said the hope that the setting up of the system would revive demand for mortgages as investments already was materializing. Many Still in Trouble. "Already there has been a relaxa tion of tension of mortgage money," Port said, adding, however, that there were "thousands of casts" of mortga gors in difficulty. A $128,000,000 sales campaign, upon which will depend the amount of Fed eral subscription to the home loan banks, today was begun by the system's directing board. Chairman Fort was hopeful the en tire fund—the aggregate capital as signed to the 12 banks in as many dis tricts—will be subscribed by institu tions eligible for membership in the system. These are building and loan associations, insurance companies and savings banks. But if subscriptions fall short the Reconstruction Finance Corporation is authorized to buy up to $125,000,000 of the system's capital stock. The first step in the sale of stock will be the opening of books for subscrip tions to eligible institutions in each dis trict. They must remain cpen 30 days. Original subscriptions for each of the dozen banks must equal 1 per cent of the aggregate unpaid principal ci the subscriber's home mortgage loans, but not less than $1,500 to each eligible member. Par Value Is $100. Shares will have a par value of $100 each. The amount to be subscribed in each district and the headquarters of that district are: District 1—Cambridge. Mass.; capital, $12,500,000 District 2—Newark, N. J.; capital, $20,000,000. District 3—Pittsburgh, capital, $12, 500,000. District 4—Winston-Salem, N. C.; capital, $10,000,000. District 5—Cincinnati, capital, $15, 000,000. District 6 — Indianapolis, capital, $8,000,000. District 7—Evanston, 111.; capital, $15,000,000. District 8 — Des Moines, capital, $7.500,000. District 9—Litle Rock, Ark.; capital, $10,000,000. District 10—Topeka, Kans.; capital, $7.500,000. District 11—Portland, Oreg.; capital, $6,000,000 District 12—Los Angeles, capital, $10,000,000. To keep hard-pressed home owners from losing their property until the home loan banks begin functioning, about October 15, the board has launched a move to suspend for 60 days foreclosures of mortgages held by closed banks. Banking authorities of approximately half the States have assured the board of their co-operation, and the suspen sion already has been ordered so far as national banks are concerned. Decides District Lines. It was the amount of mortgages held by institutions eligible for membership that decided the geographical locations of the dozen home loan bank districts and the amount of capital for each in stitution. j The biggest bank will be at Newark, Ν J., serving New York, New Jersey, Porto Rico and the Virgin Islands, and capitalized at $20,000,000. The board said that in this area mortgages held by institutions eligible for membership amount to $9,500,000,000. Washington is in district 4, which takes in Maryland. Virginia, North and South Carolina, District of Columbia, Georgia, Alabama and Florida. MARKET RISE SOUND, IS MELLON'S BELIEF Official Source Says Envoy Is Con vinced Advances Will Be Sustained. By the Associated Press. Andrew W. Mellon, Ambassador tc Great Britain and for 11 years Secre tary of the Treasury, was described to day in an official source as firmly con vinced that the upward movement ir the commodity and security markets i! sound and will be sustained. Mellon, in the Capital today to con clude governmental business before re turning to London, would not be quotec publicly or interviewed on the subject In sources close to the Ambassador il was said he believed the present move ment in stock and commodity price! represents an inevitable swing of the pendulum, correcting a downward trend that could not continue bee τ use values were below the cost of production. ί PAPEN LAUNCHES REVIVAL PROGRAM, ASSAILING HITLER Submits $476,000,000 Plan, Continuing One Year, to Create Jobs. DEFIES ALL OPPONENTS . IN OUTLINING SCHEME Points to '"Impulsive Recklessness"; of Nazi Leader in Calling for Support. By the Associated Press. ; BERLIN. August 29.—Defying all ί the political parties of Germany to I oust his junker government, Chancellor j Franz von Papen has laid before the . nation a year-long resusciation prCgram i that will risk nearly half a billion dol j lars on the imminent return of pros | perity. j The chancellor launched his program j for harassed Germany before a meet [ ing of Westphalian farmers at Muen ster yesterday. He gave defiance espe cially to the outspoken Nazi leader, Adolf Hitler, and served notice that he . would keep the seat of power thus: "If necessary I shall use force to ! bring about recognition of the equal j rights applicable to all German citizens, j I am firmly determined to stamp out : the smouldering fires of civil war and ! to suppress increasing political unrest ! ar.d political acts of violence." Then came the surprising junker scheme to coax back prosperity and to give more than 1,500,000 of Germany's 5,000,000 jobless something to do. It was based on this premise: "We proceed from the consideration that important signs point to the fact that the bottom of the depression has been reached, hence all efforts to re invigorate industry will contribute to ward actual revival." $176,000,000 Program. The heart of the scheme itself, rcughly, was: More than two billion marks (cur rently about $476,000,000) can be risked on the program, which has been ap- ! proved by the Reichsbank, and which ; should be financed by a system of tax certificates. All taxes of a nature likely to hinder production, such as the turnover tax ! and the transportation tax, due between j j November 11 this year and the same j i date next year, and estimated at 1,- ; j 500,000,000 marks, will be handed back j to the economic life of the country in j the form of certificates. The taxpayer j can borrow the equivalent of these cer- j tifieates from the Reichsbank for use i in his business. In addition. 700,000,000 j marks will be advanced to such in- ! duîtries as will increase their em- ! pfoyes. The government hep:s this will ι give employment to at least 1,750,000 j men. The chancellor's speech was con sidered especially in the light of the opening of the Reichstag and the Prus I sian Diet on Tuesday, and the rumored Hitler-Centrist coalition. In fact. Von Papen began his address with a bitter attack on the "impulsive recklessness" of Hitler and he spoke plainly on the heavy penalties imposed by special courts for political violence. "I recognize no principle of justice," he said, "which is usurped by one class or party as an instrument of combat. * * * The implusive recklessness manifested by the Nazi leader is ill suited to his claim for leadership in government. * * * If in opposition j to Hitler I advocate a state based on j justice, a real commonwealth of people and an authority conduct of govern- ι j ment, it is I and not he who pursues the aim which millions of his followers \ have yearned for * * *. "If today there is talk of a coalition ι between the Centrists and the Nazis' anti-parliamentarian principles — the j cecret thought underlying such a coali- ; tion can be only that one party seeks j to destroy the ether." He said he regarded it as his duty | to ward off interference by the influence of parties and declared the "months j to come" would be devoted to recon- j ; struction along all lines. Import Control Planned. j The chancellor's program further I promised not to risk inflation of cur ! rency or to embark on any scheme to 1 make Germany self-sufficient, although he said continued moderate regulation of imports was planned. In his argument for returning tax money to the payers he stressed thît j the money advanced for tax certifi- j cates would be loans to be repaid be- j tween 1934 and 1938. Other features were authorization for employers to cut wages—but not below (Continued on Page 2, Column 8.) NOMURA'S MISSION ONE OF GOOD WILL Tokio's Ablest Sailor Coming to U. S. at Time of Ten sion in Far East. BY CONSTANTINE BROWN. Admiral Nomura, one of Japan's most popular and able sailors, is cue to ar rive in Washington on a "good-will mission" r.bout the time the Japanese government announces officially its recognition of the Manchukuo state. Neither the State Department nor the Japanese embassy have so far been informed about the exact status of the good-will ambassador. It is not known whether Admiral Nomura will have the status of an am bassador extraordinary or will come here as an ordinary citizen, as was the case last January of the veteran mem ber of the Diet, Count Kabayama. In usually well informed quai'.ers, it j is assumed the admiral will be given ι an official status, to en?l>le him to car ry on, at least informally, conversation with the State Department about the consequences of the recognition of the new Manchunan state. Once Attache Here. Admiral Nomura is well and favorably known in Washington, where he was ! naval attache during the World War, | and served as one of the naval advisers to the Japanese delegation during the Washington Conference of 1921-1922. He has formed in this city strong friendships, especially with the present chief of naval operations. Admiral Wil liam V. Pratt, who considers him not only an able sailor but also a "square shooter." In the last few months, Nomura has been much ir the public eye. He com manded the Japanese fleet during the Shanghai incident last Spring and lost an eye as a resulf of a bomb outrage In that city during the military festivities on the Emperor's birthday, when un known individuals threw a bomb on the stand where the Japanese military and naval commanding officers were receiving the parade of the Japanese garrison. Officially the mission of the Japanese admiral is that of good will. He will endeavor to dispel the present appre hensions which exist.in this country, due to the Japanese attitude in the Far East and to the reports that the Japanese arsenals and navy yards are working overtime to prepare the Japa nese army and naval forces for any emergency. These apprehensions have been te· (Continued on Page 2, Column 3.) U. S. IRISH LEADER DIES BUFFALO, Ν. Y„ August 29 i/P).— William E. Shaddock, 52, known throughout the country as one of the leading American agitators for the cause of the Irish Republic, died today. He was a close friend of Eamon de Valera, President of the Irish Republic, and espoused his principles actively for the past 15 years. PLANES AT 10,000 FEET TO CHECK BENT STARLIGHT DURING ECLIPSE College Craft, Sharpshooting at Einstein's Curved-Space Theory, Take Air Wednesday. BY HOWARD W. BEAKESLEE, Associated Press Science Editor. CONWAY, Ν. H.. August 29.—Sharp shooting at Einstein's theory that space is curved, airplanes of Northwestern University will rise 10,000 feet during 1 the total eclipse of the sun Wednesday. The planes will check whether the 1 strange curving of light rays from stars, which has been attributed to their pas sage through space which is actually ; curved, may be due more or less to mere distortion of light passing through the lower layers of the earth's atmosphere. The findings of the planes may turn out either way, strengthening or weak ening the space curvature hypothesis. Three planes will rise from Freyburg, Me., to check on the condition of the atmosphere during the total eclipse. One will fly at 700 feet, another at 3,000 and the third at 10,000. Each will carry a similar set of recording instrumente. A fourth set will be fastened to poles, 50 to 60 feet above the ground. All readings will concentrate on tem perature and atmospheric pressure. In the darkness of the moon's shadow tem peratures drop. It is thought that the weight of the atmosphere—its pressure —also may change. From these readings astronomers can calculate how much the atmosphere ef fects the accuracy of pictures of stars ! seen near the sun durinz a total eclipse. | It was the discovery in the eclipse >f 1919 that these nearby stars record >d "leir images in a different position >n paotographic plates than when their ight did not pass close by the sun vhich gave relativity its first and most iensational confirmation. These photos showed that the star ight was drawn inward toward the sun. riiis shift was twice as great at New ,on's law of gravitation required, for starlight was supposed to be bent a ittle by gravitation even before Ein itein's theories. Tne doubling of the; amount of shift j ι greed almost exactly with Einstein's :hen new theory that space itself is j curved, so the incredible idea of space ;aking on definite shapes began to find jelievers. No measurements of starlight bend ng will be made at this eclipse because he nearby stars are not suitably Placed for thorough comparisons. SCIENTISTS READY. Equipment in Place in Fields Around Conway, Ν. H. CONWAY, Ν, H., August 29 OP).— rhis town and nearby communities, for he moment the astronomical" center of :he United States by virtue of the fact -hat they lie in the path of totality of j (.Continued on Page i, Column Γ) ι /RDRQrTrrî " Và ι THAT'S MERELV V/l To Pool. /, ι THOSE V WALL ST ,1 GU^-S / f Red Sign Painted On Grant's Tomb Says Good Starve By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. August 29.—The wall of Grant's Tomb has be come tcday a blackboard, on which was smeared in four-inch letters of red paint this couplet: "The good but starve: The order ! of the day Is prey on others or become a prey." Gecrge D Burnside. custodian of the tomb, described the van dalism as "the most dastardly occurrence since the tomb was built." Efforts to remove the red let ters with turpentine today suc ceeded only in making them slightly Jess distinct. MAN KILLS SELF IN BRIDGE PLUNGE - Douglas S. Broders, 22, Tele graph Office Manager, * Dies in Fall. Douglas S. Broders, 22, of 1225 Ran- ; dolph street, plunged to his death from Calvert Street Bridge shortly before 6 o'clock this morning. Park Policeman Robert Howell said ! two men told him they saw Broders, who was manager of a Western Union Telegraph Co. office near Twelfth and Water streets southwest, leave his auto mobile on the car tracks across the span climb the rail and drop to the driveway about 145 feet below. Broders was dead when Robert Ewell, colored, a guard at the Zoo, found him sprawled in the road a few minutes later. After an examination by Dr. John Hanby, who accompanied an Emergency Hospital ambulance to the scene, the body was taken to the District Morgue, and Acting Coroner A. Magruder MacDonald began an investi- ; gation. Dr. MacDonald issued a cer tificate of suicide later in the day. Left Home "for Walk." xcuuug jiia wmuwcu mumer, xvirs. Sarah Broders, that he was going to "take a little walk before breakfast," Broders left home shortly after 5 o'clock. Although he had complained of nervousness during the past several j days, his mother said, he appeared to be in excellent spirits when he left the house. Despite his statement that he was going for a walk, he left in his car, apparently driving directly to the bridge. A passerby. George S. Lamay, 1800 block of Riggs place, saw Broders stop his machine on the street car tracks, step out and, after a quick glance up and down the bridge, mount the rail and plunge downward. The motcrman of a street car some distance behind Broders' automobile also saw the young man climb the rail and disappear. Broders' machine blocked the street car line for some time before police, busy with their investigation of the plunge, were able to move it. In the car police found a few of Broders' per sonal effects. Including a bank book. The ignition key was still in the switch, but the motor was not running. No Notes Are Found. Search of the automobile revealed no | notes and none was found in Broders' ' home. The machine was taken to the eighth precinct station, where police planned to search it again. Broders, who was graduated from McKinley High School about four years ago, had been an employe of the tele graph company since he was about 13, j when he started as a night messenger. Officials of the company said his serv- j ices were "more than satisfactory." Besides his mother, Broders, who was a member of the Sisson Bible Class of the Fifth Baptist Church, is survived by a brother, John. 26. also a Western Union employe. Funeral arrangements have not been completed. HOOVER MINE TO CLOSE Once Rich Australian Gold Output Is Now Failing. PERTH, Australia. August 29 UP).— The great gold mine in western Aus tralia. Sons of Gwalia. which Her bert Hoover established in 1898, when he was a young mining engineer, is doomed. The reason is that production is fail ing and capital has been reduced by half to $935,000. The mine was one of the richest in the Coolgardie field. There are etlll a dozen or εο c!d hinds in the Gwalij» who remember Hoovei. I 60 AIR RACE PILOTS END STRIKE THREAT Officials Reach Compromise on Prize Money With Dis satisfied Flyers. CLEVELAND. Ohio, August 29 (JP).—A threatened strike of pilots participating in the National Air Races here was averted today when a compromise between them and air race officials was reached after an all-morning conference. By the Associated Press. CLEVELAND. August 29.—Officials of the National Air Races and a represent ative of 60 speed flyers who threatened to strike for more prize money were in conference behind closed dcors today in an effort to reach an agreement. The meeting apparently was dead locked at noon, with L. M. Laird of Chicago, iepresenting the dissatisfied pilots, 1n session with Cliff Henderson, managing director of the races; L. W. Greve, president, and F. W. Cleveland, chairman of the Contest Committee. Laird, a non-contestant, had full power to determine the pilots' course. "Whatever Laird decides will go with out question for the pilots," said Ben O. Howard of Kansas City and Chicago, one of the chief complainants, who attended part of the conference. About half of the pilots entered in the races signed a petition demanding the prize money for the closed course, free for-all events be doubled, claiming that the total for these events is only 28 per cent of what had been previously ad vertised. Howard said he would lose $17,000 even if he won all of the free-for-all events. "I entered three planes and re ceived only six passes. If I want to get all my men in it looks as though I'll have to crawl under the fence," he said. The dissatisfied speedsters said they also had the support of the derby flyers, although they are not demanding higher derby prizes. Race officials revealed their budget tor this year is $250,000, half of last year's. Although a heavy rain fell through the morning, the Contest Committee announced today's races would be held as scheduled. TURNER SETS PACE. Four Pilots Rocket East in Continent Dasb. KANSAS CITY. August 29 (/P).—Liv ing up to their advance predictions of record-breaking speeds, four pilots roc keted eastward toward Cleveland today at 250 miles an hour and upward in the transcontinental air race from Los Angeles Unofficial figures showed that Col. Roscoe Turner of Hollywood was setting the pace on the first leg of the dash with an average of about 275 miles per hour up to his first refueling point, Colorado Springs, Colo. James Haizlip of St. Louis ripped off an average of approximately 256 miles per hour in reaching Goodland, Kans. Lee Gehlbach, Detroit, and Jimmie Wedell. New Orleans, were racing along at about 250 miles an hour. Before taking off at Los Angeles in the darkness of early morning the pilots had predicted that the winner would average 2i0 miles an hour or better. In winning the event last year when he continued on to Newark, N. J., to estab lish a transcontinental record of 11 hours and 15 minutes, Maj. James H. Doolittle, former Army ace, had an average of nearly 224 miles an hour. INTEREST AROUSED IN RADIO ADDRESS Tesse H. Jones to Be First R. F. C. Official to Make Public Address on Forum Tonight. The first public address by an official Df the Reconstruction Finance Cor poration will be made tonight when Jesse H. Jones of Texas, member of :he board of directors, speaks in the National Radio Forum, which is ar •anged by The Evening Star and broad last over a Nation-wide network of the National Broadcasting Co. The fcrrum is usual will be on the air from 9 to ):30 o'clock. Mr. Jones, one of the leading build srs in the South, and a lumberman, newspaper owner and financier, laid aside extensive private affairs when President Hoover asked him to join the directorate of the Finance Cor poration. j His address wfll be of particular in terest because of the magnitude cf the work bsing done by this great Federal igency in fighting the depression and :e-au*·" of the speaker'» prominence in business. Guerillas Concentrate Out side City After Firing Ar senal and Air Ba?p. BIG BOMBERS TAKE OFF TO ROUT CHINESE BAND Hand-to-Hand Fighting Adds to Panic of Residents of Man churian City. Ey the Associated Press. MUKDEN, Manchuria, August 29.— The flames and bullets of war spread terror through this key city of Man churia today after hundreds of Chinese t raiders had sprung up In the night and dea:t a swift blow at the heart cf the Japanese military defense system. Before daylight most of the many small bands of Chinese had vanished, but large concentrations of Chinese guer rillas were reported only four miles away ; at Hun Hopu. At daylight Japanese • bombers took the air with orders to j "get" them. In Mukden proper, the largest city ! of rich Manchuria, all was confusion after a night of panic, during which the big arsenal and Japanese air base ! were fired. The city's entire fire de partment battled the blazes and during j the morning succeeded in preventing : any explosion at the arsenal and getting ι that fire under control. The air base blaze was extinguished after several o!d airplanes had been burned. Other dam age was slight. Attack Well Planned. The Chinese raiders obviously had a well crganized plan of action, so sudden and mysterious were their attacks on I strategic defense points shortly after midnight. Hardly had the alarm been sounded for Japanese troops and police, fire broke out at the arsenal and air base, ; and the wireless station was the scene ; of hand-to-hand fighting. In one skir mish near the arsenal a Japanese of ficer and two soldiers wearing the uni form of the new state, Manchukuo, j were slain. The chatter of machine guns and the rumble of tanks soon aroused the popu lace. The groups of raiders, numbering several hundred each, continued sallies on the Japanese defense scheme. The Chinese penetrated the strictly I Japanese section, and even threw their strength against the south gate of th# walled city. The streets seemed to swarm with fighting men and the Japa I nese were at a disadvantage, ior their adversaries worked under cover of ; darkness. Blame Marshal Chang. Early today the Japanese declared the sudden assault on Mukden, where mey inemseives entered the wedge for their own military campaign almost ex actly a year ago, was inspired by Mar shal Chang Hsiao Liang. They said guerilla forces allied with the young marshal had been reported concentrating in nearby villages for some time. A group of Chinese police were ar rested on charges of co-operating with the raiders at the south gate. The Chinese chief of police was accused of communicating with Marshal Chang, ί who is in Peiping, and helping plan the ! raids. Timed With Muto's Arrival. The uprising apparently was timed to-coincide with the arrival of Ncbu i yoshi Muto as supreme military com ! mander of Japanese forces in this area ! and Minister to the Manchukuo govern ment, which Japan soon will recognize. Gen. Muto was quartered in a man sion occupied by Marshal Chang when 1 that young Chinese war lord controlled all Manchuria from Mukden before the Japanese came. Chang was In Peiping then and has remained there. Gen. Muto was protected by a heavy guard today. Although the Japanese (Continued on Page 2, Column 8.) tropicaThûrricane HEADS FOR FLORIDA Storm Moving Toward Key West, South of Miami—Due in 12 Hour». By the Associated Press. MIAMI. Fla.. August 29.—The tropi l cal disturbance moving inward from the ! Atlantic Ocean is central In the Florida straits southeast of Miami and is head ed in the general direction of Key West, the Miami Weather Bureau re j ported too'ay. Richard W. Gray, meterologist, said ι there was indication the storm would pass south of Miami. A northeast wind blowing 17 miles an hour was recorded here this morn ing and at 9 o'clock the barometer j registered 29.85. Radio reports from Nassau, Bahamas, said New Providence Island was ex periencing easterly winds of 30 miles an hour and a barometer reading of 129.82 at 8 a.m. Storm warnings are displayed along the Florida Coast from Jupiter to Key West. Disagree on Gale's Path. HAVANA, August 29 l/P).—Two Cuban observatories charting the course of a tropical disturbance moving west ward from the Bahamas disagreed to day as to its probable effects upon Florida. Officials at the National Observatory said the storm had doubled its strength and speed and was heading toward Florida from Andros. They said Flor ida probably would feel its greatest In tensity this afternoon. Those at Belen Observatory said ' that although the storm had Increased In speed and strength, the center had risen high into the stratosphere, dissi pating the danger to the Florida coast. 42-Mile Wind Reported. By the Associated Press. The Weather Bureau reported this afternoon that the disturbance moving toward Florida carried fa wind velocity of 42 miles an hour. The observation was made 60 miles southeast of Miami. The bureau sfeid ths disturbance was still moving toward the southern part of Florida and should strike between Miami and Key West some time to night.