Newspaper Page Text
CONVICTS TO BARE
SWEAT BOX DEATH 15 File Into Court Under Guard to Testify in -- Prison Tragedy. • By thf Associated Press. JACKSONVILLE, Fla.. October 3 — Fifteen convicts wearing prison stripes and flanked by guards filed Into court here today to testify in the trial of two former prison guards charged with murdering Arthur Maillefert of Westfield. N. J., in a penal camp sweat box. They were taken to a room over the court chamber pending summons to the witness stand. Selection of the jury to try George W. Courson. a former captain of the guards, and former Guard Solomon Higginbotham dragged through the tening session of court. Maillefert. 22, serving a 9-year term tftr robbery, was strangled to death in tike sweat bcrx at the Sunbeam Camp th his neek chained to a rafter and 5 feet encased in heavy stocks. j Jury Not Complete. ' Completion of the jury probably will Sot be finished until late today or to- I tfiorroW. The State has 10 peremptory I Challenges and the defense 10 for each 1 defendant. None of the challenges had been exercised when the noon recess was taken. Fuller Warren, attorney for Higgin botham. shoved Judge George Couper Gibbs an anonymous letter, postmarked East Liverpool. Ohio, recently received by Courson and, Higginbotham, which threatened their lives. The letter, dated July 17, states the defendants' "lights” would be "put ot't" during the trial. Warren asked the court to appoint special guards to es cort Courson and Higginbotham to and from the court room Judge Gibbs refused to appoint the guard and suggested Warren turn the letter over to Federal authorities for investigation. Upon suggestion bv Warren and C. A. Avriett of Jasper, attorney for Courson, Judge Gibbs questioned the defendants and declared them insolvent. The court ordered that defense costs in the trial be borne by Duval County. Defendants’ Interest Passive. Courson. tall and heavy set. and Hig ginbotham. a short black-thatched man. sat beside their counsel during the pro ceedings and took only a passive in terest. The State contends the death of Maillefert was premeditated by Courson and Higginbotham when the youth was placed In the sweat box. Maiilefert had made several attempts to escape. Courson and Higginbotham contend the youth committed suicide and de clared on several occasions he told them he would rather die than finish serving his sentence. State Attorney Charles M. Durrance. aided by Sam B. Wilson, assistant, is prosecuting the case. MASSIE CASE PROBE FINDINGS DUE SOON Governor of Hawaii Confers With Private Detectives Investigating Ala Moana Assault. By the Assoeiaittl Pre«s. NEW Yoiufc, October 3.—Gov. Law rence M. Judd of Hawaii and John C. Kelley, public prosecutor of Honolulu, went into conference today with officials of a private detective agency which has been conducting an investigation into fie case of four Hawaiians accused of assaulting Mrs. Thcmas H. Massie at Ala Moana ft year ago. The investigation was financed by ] Gov. Judd from the contingent funds j of Hawaii and was begun shortly after | Lieut. Massie. naval officer and husband i of the victim of the assault; Mrs. Gran ville R. Fortescue. his mother-in-law ! and two Navy inlisted men were con- ' victed of manslaughter In the killing of Joseph Kahahawa, the fifth native ac cused in the case. Gov. Judd said no official statement of the result would be made before to- , morrow morning. FLEEING BANDIT SHOT, FOUR OF POSSE HURT By the Associated Press. FLINT. MICH.. October 3.—A bandit was shot and probably fatally wounded and four members of a posse were wounded by the accidental discharge of a shotgun today during a mile-long run ning gun fight on the outskirts of this city. The bandit, unidentified, was shot as he sped in his automobile along the highway after returning the fire of State police, who had been advised by radio of his approach. His car careened into a telephone pole and was demol ished. The four persons were wounded when James Smith. State police officer, picked up his shotgun from the pavement near the wrecked car. The gun discharged. wounding Patrolman Herbert Fitzger ald. 35; Joseph Gilbert. 20; Steve Vargo. 22. and C.vriel Hoornaert. 42. 1 Hone, physicians said, was seriously in jured. The bandit was sought for a series of lunch stand and garage hold-ups on the highway between Pontiac and Flint. SHOOTS SELF IN COURT Mecklenburg County Treasurer Is Held a Suicide. CHARLOTTE. N. C.. October 3 UP).— S. E. Cornwell, treasurer of Mecklenburg County, shot himself to death in the court house here today. Coroner Frank Hovis said the shooting was a clear case of suicide. No motive was immediately advanced either by Hovis or by friends ot Cornwell. ADMIRAL LAND ON DUTY Succeeds Rock as Chief of Con struction and Repair Bureau. Rear Admiral Emory S. Land, who was promoted to succeed Rear Admiral George H. Rock on the latter’s retire ment Saturday as the Navy’s chief con structor. began his new duties today as chief of the Bureau of Construction and Repair. Admiral Land was ele vated from the rank of captain when he became chief constructor and for merly was head of the Division of Plans and Estimates in the office of naval operations. JHELD IN GINGER CASE BOSTON. October 3 iiPi.—Max Reis man of Boston, accompanied by coun sel today surrendered to the Federal authorities on a fugitive warrant from Wichita. Kans., where he and two other Boston men were Indicted charged with the illegal sale and transportation of a ginger extract. He pleaded not guilty and was held for a hearing October 10. The arrest was the result of a Fed eral investigation of a number of cases rrf death and paralysis in the West aCtisetf by drinking a ginger extract. I - - Forum Speaker GEORGE OTIS SMITH. 0. S. POWER CHIEF Dr. Smith, Commission Head, Will Discuss Vital Issue Tonight. George Otis Smith, chairman of the Federal Power Commission, which ad ministers the valuable water power re sources of the Government, tonight will speak cn “America's Power Problems" in the National Radio Forum, arranged by The Star and broadcast over the coast-to-coast network of the National Broadcasting Co. The address will be at 8:30 o’clock, Eastern standard time, and will be heard here through WRC. At a time when power ranks im portantly in public discussion, the ap pearance in the forum of Dr. Smith, an authority on the subject, is cf particu lar interest. He will treat the issue both from the standpoint of consumer and investor, and with particular reference to regulation. In this latter connection the commission recently attracted at tention with a comprehensive study on power utility holding companies oper ating Government-licensed projects, for which it recommended strict Govern ment supervision. Dr. Smith has headed the Power Commission since it was reorganized as an independent agency cf the Gov ernment, two years ago. Prior to that he was for many years head of the Geological Survey. MISTRIAL IN DAVIS CASE DECLARED ON JUROR MISCONDUCT _(Continued From First Page.)_ stand. When the alternate was called, the court discovered there was an error and that he should have named juror 13 instead of 14. He was Weintraub, a broker of 1235 Park avenue. Weintraub denied the assertion that he had raid any of the witnesses were lying. He said he did comment that some of the witnesses were funny and that he did make comments on some of the attorneys. The other jurors were then called to the stand and asked if they had heard Weintraub making any comments on the evidence. The first five had not. Judge Coleman himself questioned all of the witnesses. Moore sat in the witness box with his eyes glued to the floor. Charles H. Bowen, iuror No. 14. who had been erroneously named by the court, was called. He said he had never heard Weintraub make any com ments. Derides to Testify. At this point Moore decided he want ed to testify. 'Tell me anything you want to tell me.” said the court. In a cracked, nervous voice. Moorp sw’ore that Weintraub told him and other jurors that the witnesses were lying. All of the other jurors had contra dicted this. "I find that the inference about juror No. 13 is unjustified." Judge Cole man said when Moore finished his tes tifying. "He is completely exonerated.” "To juror 7. Mr. Moore, I find his conduct was improper. I find at the moment it was not evil or mercenary. It was in direct violation of my detailed instructions to you. A 10-year-old school child must have understood those instructions. Your conduct was highly improper. It wasted two weeks of the court's time. "Great injury has been done to the defendant and to the Government. It necessitates the defendant standing trial again. "I will adjourn at this time and give you opporunity to see if you desire counsel. "There must be a warning to all jurors.” shouted the court, "that in structions are to be obeyed." Moore quoted Weintraub as saying: “Why den t the witness tell the truth? We all know that Senator Davis-” rv uu uiu ue bay 1111& iur u-'iru me court. "To six or eight cut in the hallway." the juror answered. "After the priest (John J. Laffev) testified, he said ‘they're all the same.' " "Who said that, Weintraub?" the court asked. Moore pointed to Weintraub. "Another time," he continued, ‘‘Wein traub said. 'After this case we're all going to be Loyal Order of Mooses.’ ” Moore told the court he did not want to testify further and he declined to explain his visit to Margiotti. The priest testified last Friday. He is Catholic chaplain at Mooseheart. the children's center operated by the Moose order. Through him the defense sought evidence to corroborate its contention that although Davis accepted a $150,000 check for Mooseheart from the Moose propagation department at a luncheon on January 3, 1931. there w-as nothing to indicate the Senator knew the money came from an alleged lottery. YOUNGINSULL IN ENGLAND Says He Knows Nothing of Plan to Buy Estate. LIVERPOOL. England. October 3 (A>).—Samuel Insull. jr., son of the for mer public utilities magnate of Chi cago. said today when he arrived here on the way to Paris to see his father that he knew nothing of Mr. Insull'i plans for the future. He said he had heard nothing tc substantiate a report in America that his father had bought a large estate in England near Reading. He will return to Chicago next month. Mine Conference to Resume. NEW YORK. October 3 (/P).—A con ference of officials of the United Mine Workers of America and anthracite op erators who seek a wage reduction was to be resumed here tomorrow. It hat been considered likely that the matter under discussion will be submitted to a two-man board of conciliation for a de cision soon.- ■* RETURN OF INSULLS IS AWAITED BY U. S. _ • -«■ Testimony From Heads of Utilities Groups Needed to Unravel Accounts. By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, October 3—Federal and State inquisitorial forces, who were searching the labyrinth of the fallen Insull Utilities kingdom for possible nooks, today paused In the hope that three of the organization’s dictators might guide their steps. . Federal Judge Walter C. Lindley, act ing upon the request of creditors of the bankrupt Insull Utilities Invest ments., Inc , and Corporation Securities, Inc., has asked Samuel Insull, Jr., to return from Paris for questioning con cerning an impending bankruptcy hear ing against the investment concerns. State's Attorney John A. Swanson awaited replies from Samuel and Mar tin Insull. whose “voluntary return’’ he requested Saturday. Samuel is in Paris ! and Martin in Ontario. Expected to Return. Judge Lindley said he had been as sured by James Simpson, who succeed ed Samuel Insull as chairman of the boards of two Illinois utilities, that Samuel, jr., would return without Is suance of a subpoenas' A hearing to discover assets of the defunct com-_ panics was continued until October 11. Judge Lindley said it was necessary to ‘question Mr. Insull about certain matters relating to the companies." The cables were dispatched after Swanson said he had obtained evidence that checks of the Insull holding con cern, the Middle West Utilities Co., were juggled to cover up the fact that funds of the organization were used to protect Martin Insull’s private bro kerage accounts. Bank Paid Brokers. The evidence, according to Swanson, shows that, instead of the Middle West Co. making direct payments to Jackson Bros. A Bossel Co., Martin Insull’s brokers, the money was first forwarded to a bank after some arrangement was made in conference. Then the bank sent Iks own checks to the brokeiage firm with instruction that the money be applied to Martin Insull s trading account. In this way, Swanson said, the In sulls were able to conceal the use of utility company funds in stock trading. Two specific instances of such practices were discovered. Swanson said, involv ing the payment of $66,000. Requisitions bearing the personal O. K. of Samuel Insull were turned over to Swanson by Auditor John J Bailey and an assistant State’s attor ney, following which the State's attor ney sent the following cable to Samuel Insull in Paris: "Revelations concerning your various companies disclosed by my investigation make it imperative that you return to Chicago immediately for questioning. Advise by cable if you will return volun tarily." Swanson refused to indicate what steps he planned in event the Insulls refused to return voluntarily. "We will cross that bridge when we come to It,” he said. ASKS I. C. C. TO VOID STATE’S RAIL LAW Examiner U rges Invalidation of Pennsylvania Long and Short Haul Provision. By the Associated Press. Howard Hosmer. an examiner, today recommended that the Interstate Com merce Commission declare inoperative the long and short haul freight pro | vision in the Pennsylvania State Con stitution. He found that railroads are being forced to haul freight at lower rates within Pennsylvania than between In terstate points of .imilar distances. Inserted in 1873. The provision was inserted in the Constitution in 1873, when Pennsyl vania's last basic law was adopted. "This particular constitutional pro vision." said the examiner, "is a vestige of a form of railroad regulation which flourished in 1873 when the Pennsvl i vania Constitution was adopted, but has j long since outlived whatever usefulness ! it may have had half a century or jnore age.” He said the attitude of the shippers of the State is that the provision Is not necessary and the process of repealing the provision already has been set In motion. Approved by One Legislature. Under Pennsylvania law, constitu tional amendments must pass two suc cessive Legislature* and then be sub mitted to popular vote. A proposition to repeal the long and short haul pro vision has been approved by one Legis lature. He also said that three of the State i Supreme Court justices, including the I chief justice, are of the view that the ! provision should be held Inapplicable to present conditions. This is the first time in the al most half century the Interstate Com merce Commission has bean in exist ence that a State regulation brought into issue is a constitutional provision. i POLICE CLEAR INFORMER | HELD ON DRUNK CHARGE i _ Liquor Squad Informs Court He Had “Two Drinks While in Line of Duty.’’ It was at first feared that Walter I Rogers, 28-year-old police Informer, ! had combined pleasure with business j when he was arrested on a charge of ! intoxication Friday, but his record was i kept clear when friends on the police ■ | liquor squad came to his rescue today. Rogers was arrested on Ninth street near a place where he had been sent to make a "buy" preparatory to a raid. Policeman H. B. Rector, second pre cinct. unaware of Rogers’ occupation, locked him up. The following morning Rogers col lapsed in Police Court and was taken to G3llinger Hospital, where a physician discovered ne had been drinking un usually bad liquor. The doctor was quoted as saying a small amount of the ' stuff Rogers had consumed was enough ! to make any one ill. When members of the liquor squad i informed court attaches that Rogers ' had had ' two drinks while in line of | duty” no papers were Issued in the case. DONALD FREEMAN DIES Editor of Vanity Fair Magazine Was Injured in Auto Accident. MOUNT KISCO, N. Y., October 3 (tp).—An automobile accident has ended the career of Donald Freeman, socially prominent editor of the magazine Van ity Fair. Freeman, who was 30 and lived in New York City, hit a beacon light Saturday night. Ha-died last night. '*» POLICY CONDEMNED Autonomous Special Regime for Chinese Inhabitants Is Proposed. _(Continued From First Page.)_ slear,” they report, "that the indepen lence movement which had never been heard of in Manchuria before Septem >er, 1931, was only made possible by the presence of the Japanese troops. ... It Is also clear that the Japanese general staff realised from the start ... the use which could be made or such an au tonomy movement. "In consequence they provided assist ince and gave direction to the organ sera of the movement. The evidence •eceived from all sources has satisfied ,he commission that, while there were i number of factors which contributed :o the creation of "Manchukuo." the ;wo which, in combination were most •ffective. and without which the new date could not have been formed, were he presence of Japanese troops and the ictlvlties of Japanese officials, both :lvil and military. Por this reason, the present regime cannot be considered to pave been called into existence by a lenulne and spontaneous Independence movement.” Japanese Assertion Refuted. Thus the Japanese assertion that "the tdminlstratlon which has been substi tuted for that of China In the three provinces Is justified on the grounds that its establishment was the act of ; the local population who, by a spon aneous assertion of their Independence, nave severed all connection with China md established their own government" is emphatically refuted by the five League commissioners. But, beside their factual observation, they go further and report to the League that "it is a fact that without i declaration of war a large area of what was indisputably Chinese territory ias been forcibly seised and occupied by the armed forces of Japan, and has In •onsequence of this operation been sepa rated from and declared independent of the rest of China ” This Is probably the most forceful 'ondemnation of the Japanese activities In Manchuria, because, while the com missioner* find certain attenuating cir cumstances for the JaDanese interven tion in Manchuria early in September, an account of the chaotic conditions which prevailed in the three provinces due to the slackness of the Chinese ad ministration. they cannot And a single ?xcuse for the setting up of the Man jhukuo state. “Independence" Not Reeogntaed. Even the argument frequently put or ward bv the Japanese that Manchuria was no longer a part of China because under the rule of the two Marshals Chang it did not recognize the authority of the central government of cnina. finds no sympathy with the commis sioners. In their report to the League thev sav: "The independence declared ov Marshal Chang-Tso-Lin at different times never meant that the people of Manchuria wished to be separated hot11 China His armies did not invade China as if It were a foreign country out merely as participants to the civil war. Through all its wars and periods of 'independence.' therefore. Manchuria , remained an integral part of yhina. Of course the Chinese themselves do not come out entirely blameless in the report of the commissioners of the League. Japan has very large interests n China. She has invested more money m Manchuria than any other country in the world and the weakness, the un r\f thu PVPr-rhJinfflne ChinPS6 governments endangered these invest ments. Her people, mho have been irading in all parts of China and pro moted not only Japanese but also in prnational trade, were frequently suffer ing at the hands of a corrupt and in efficient Chinese administration. After Seotember 19. when the Japanese troops aegan the conquest of Manchuria, in nocent Japanese traders in various parts >f China suffered severely by the boycott instigated dv the Kuohiintang and sup ported by the Chinese government and ; he Chinese local authorities. Boycott Is Condemned. “The various boycott movements," say j ilie commissioners, “and the present I ane in particular, have seriously affected , Sino-Japanese relatione, both In a j material and in a psychological aense. i * * * Anyway there is no doubt that the boycott has been amongst the causes which have profoundly embittered the relations between China and Japan in recent years." After surveying the different phases pf the boycott and the reciprocal eco nomic interests of China and Japan, [he commissioners venture the follow ing opinion: "The interdependence of [ht trade of these two neighboring countries and the interests of both call for an economic rapprochement, but there can bo no such rapprochement so long as the political relations between them are so unsatisfactory as to call forth the use of military force by one and the economic force of the boycott by the other." Present Regime Opposed. The commission Is not of the opin ion that Manchuria should be returned unconditionally to China. But neither is the commission of the opinion that the present regime in Manchuria can □C retuguiwru a iic iimuivviioMvv recognition of the present regime in Manchuria." the report says, "would be unsatisfactory. Such a solution does not appear to us compatible with the fundamental principles of existing in ternational obligations nor with the good understanding between the two countries upon which peace in the Far East depends. It Is opposed to the Interests of China, it disregards the wishes of the people of Manchuria and rannot ultimately serve the permanent interests of Japan.” This being the case, the commission ers have their own solution, which they have submitted to the League of Na tions for consideration. This solution is an autonomy of Manchuria without, however, jeopardis ing the chances of that province becom ing in effect reunited to China when the present process of evolution of tljat vast country Is ended. "A satisfactory regime for the future might be evolved out of the present one without any violent change ” Solution Stated. This solution is explained In para graph 7 of the commission’s conclusions, ana reads as follows: “The government in Manchuria should be modified in such a way as to secure, consistently with the sovereignty and administrative integrity of China, a large measure of autonomy designed to meet the local conditions and special characteristics of the three provinces. The new civil regime must be so constituted and con ducted as to satisfy the essential re quirements Of good government. The internal order of the country should be secured by an effective local gend-1 armerie force, and security against ex ternal aggression should be provided by the withdrawal of all armed forces other than gendarmerie and by the conclusion of a non-aggression treaty between the countries interested.” In order to reach this goal the com mission urges that the discussions be tween the litigant powers should be embodied in four separate instruments: 1. A declaration by the government of China constituting a special admin istration for the three eastern prov inces in the terms recommended by the advisory conference. 2. A Slno-Japanese treaty dealing with Japanese interests. 3. A Sino-JapJnese treaty of concili ation and arbitration, non-aggression and mutual assistance. 4. A Slno-Japanese commercial treaty. According to this plan the- Chinese government would maintain the control of general treaty and foreign relations Just a Sea of Faces at the Races PAST OF THE HUGE CROWD AT HAVRE DE GRACE. THOUSANDS of turf lovers—with but a single thought—victory for their favorite. A striking photograph of the large crowd that turned out at the Havre de Grace, Md.. race track Saturday to witness the twenty-first run ning of the Havre de Grace Handicap, which was won by Equipoise. —A. P. Photo. IMS THREAT IS CALLED UNWISE World Reaction to With drawal From League De clared Harmful to Nation. BY DAVID LAWRENCE. After months of patient investigation, the League of Nations Commission, on which the United States Government was represented, has revealed to the world its judgment that Japan was in the wrong In the Man&hurian dispute and that the moral force of the world can now proceed In its own way to bring about a reconciliation In the Far East. The step taken by the League is ex actly In line with the original concept of that institution—namely, that war should be averted and some investigat ing body In which the world would have confidence should make an ex haustive survey of the facts and publish its findings. It is all very well for Japanese spokes men to say Japan will withdraw from the League of Nations She may do that, but she cannot withdraw from the family of nations wherein she has for so long a time sought not only a place, but a place of equality. It hurts the Japanese to suggest that they are In capable of observing treaty obligations, and it hurts far more to have the whole . world develop an opinion that the Jap anese government has not progressed beyond the lessons of 1914. taught as a result of military aggression. United States Policy to Stand. The fact the League Commission by j its report justifies the Stlmson-Hoover policy of non-recognition for the sup- | posedly independent state set up in Manchuria by Japan, is pleasing, of course, to officials here, but the ques- i tion is not likely to be a partisan one j and no matter who is elected Presi dent. there Is not the slightest chance of a deviation of American policy. In fact the non-recognition idea was first applied In Central America and Mexico bv a Democratic President. Woodrow Wilson, and the present Democratic nominee. Franklin Roosevelt, helped, as Assistant Secretary of the Navy, to en force it. . . . _ The League report is a victory for those who have all along conceived the Geneva institution as having the cour age and the determination to go up against a first-class powefi and issue a verdict of disapproval of its course. Undoubtedly the unanimity of opinion i behind the League on the part of the | other principal powers of the world will be an important factor in preventing Japan from flouting tne Leagues re port. Burden on Japanese. Preliminary comments from Tokio in dicate the Japanese regard what has happened as an accomplished fart ana hence as something that cannot be un done. The other nations think it can be undone and will Insist upon It as the price of further faith in Japanese pledges or promises. For having once staled that the Japanese have violated the Kellogg-Briand treaty, thfiburden of action to disprove the stateflmt falls upon the Japanese. _ f The present report comes In oS ntmos phere of relative peace. There is no question of military withdrawal at the moment, but the prospect of a new commission being appointed to attempt to settle the whole affair is bright. It s the only wav out for Japan. Such a commission of Japanese and Chinese, with other countries as mediators, may bring about the new treaties recom mended by the Leagues report. The cause of peace has been advanced by the document that has just been issued in the opinion of American Govern ment officials, who feel that a milestone in world diplomacy has been passed. (Copyright, 1932 ) of Manchuria, not otherwise provided for; it would maintain the control over the customs, the post office and the salt gabelle. and possibly the admin istration of stamp duty, and divide this income equitably between the central government and the autonomous prov inces of Manchuria; It would appoint, at least in the first instance, the chief executive of the government of the provinces and would have the right to issue to that chief executive such instructions as might be necessary to carry out the international engage ments entered into by the central gov ernment of China in matters under the administration of the autonomous government of Manchuria. AH other powers would be vested in the govern ment of the autonomous provinces. The police force or gendarmerie. It Is suggested, should be organized with the collaboration of foreign instructors and would be the only armed force within the three eastern provinces. Besides these principal points, the commission ers suggest the employment of a large number of foreign advisers, with a sub stantial proportion of Japanese citizens, to direct and organize the various serv ices of the autonomous state. If these suggestions were adopted, the commissioners feel confident that not only the Manuchurian situation, which has been a cause for war In the Far East for almost twoscore of years, would be finally disposed of, but the relations between China, Japan and Russia would enter an entirely new phase, a phase of friendship and co-operation beneficial to these countries in particular and to the rest of the w6rld In general. CONCERT TOMORROW Robert Thomas Murray, 3d, in Re cital at Mt. Zion Church. A concert will be given tomorrow evening at Mt. Zion M. E. Church. Twenty-ninth street between Dunbar ton avenue and O street northwest by Robert Thomas Murray. 3d. Mr. Mur ray is being presented in recital by the Woman's Home Missionary Society of the church. A former member cf the Hall-Johnson chorus, Mr. Murray has sung at the Roxy Theater. Carne gie Hall in New York and over the air. He will be accompanied in to morrow's concert by Horace L. Robin son. John H Pinkard. violinist, will also assist on the program. j I Japanese Commander De clares Present Policy Will Be Maintained. BY GEN. NOB^YOSHI Ml'TO, Supreme Japanese Milner* and Diplomat.c Represeniattre in Manchuria. MUKDEN. October 3 (A*).—Irrespec tive of the findings of the Lytton Com mission. Japan wll pursue Its already established policies in Manchuria. In co-operation with the government of Manchukuo we shall preserve the peace in Manchuria. No third party wil be allowed to alter this high resolve. We will willingly co-operate with the League of Nations for the attainment of world peace, but to change the pres ent status of Manchukuo would only disturb the peace of the Orient. The Lytton report contains many un fortunate misunderstandings and mis conceptions. Declared Self-Defense. Japan's action in Manchuria, on Sep tember 18 last year ithe date of the outbreak of hostilities at Mukden), was in self-defense. Our action must not be judged by a third disinterested party. The allegation by the Lytton Com mission that there is no spontaneous independence movement in Manchuria can be based only on willful propaganda by the old militaristic regime. It is totally wrong for the commis sion to say that the presence of the Japanese army in Manchuria and the activities of Japanese civil and military authorities constituted the decisive cause by which Manchukuo was estab lished. Held Free Will of People. Manchukuo was organised by the free will of the people whose minds nat urally were set at ease by the presence of the Japanese army. The report rightly says that restora tion of Manchuria to the status it had before the entrance of the Japanese army would only create fresh trouble. By the same reasoning we can say that restoration of Manchuria to the status it had prior to March 1 iwhen Manchukuo declared its independence t will lead to nothing but fresh disturb ances. I repeat that neither the League of Nations nor any other power can change our determination to pursue our established aims in Manchuria. TYPISTS WORK HARD ON LYTTON REPORT Entire Division of 40 Women Re-1 ports Early for Extra Duty, It any Missing Breakfast. — When a call went out for 20 State Department stenographers and typist* to do extra work yesterday. In getting out the Lytton report, not 20. but the entire stenographic division of 40 wom en. turned out. many without breakfast, at 7 o’clock yesterday morning and worked without let-up until 1:30 yes terday afternoon. The package containing the report, which arrived at the State Depart ment last Thursday, reached Secretary Stimson at 1 o’clock Saturday after noon. and was opened at 7 o’clock yes terday morning, the time set at Oeneva for its release, before newspaper men, in the office of Stanley K. Hombeck. chief of the division of Far Eastern affairs. It was necessary to typewrite the entire report of approximately 120,000 words, check this for errors and then stencil the whole report for the mimeo graph machines. The department to day congratulated the workers for their performance on the herculean task. --• German Envoy Sails for TJ. S. BREMEN. Germany. October 3 UP).— Friedrich Wilhelm von Prittwitz und Graffron, German Ambassador to the United States, sailed today for America on the liner Europa. Frederick M. Sackett, American Ambassador to Ger many, and former Mayor Walker of New York, are expected to board the liner at Cherbourg tomorrow. Serge Rachmaninoff, noted composer, also was a passenger. -• China has led the world in the value yf American airplaoa imports this year. OPINION DIFFERS ~ ON LYTTON REPORT Hope for Settlement Seen, While Other Quarters Con demn Findings. Bt the Associated Press LONDON, October 3—The British government declined to comment even informally through the press today re garding the Lytton Commission report on the Far East. Rarely have the spokesmen of Down ing street been so reticent regarding an international situation, but it was stated at the foreign office that while Sir John Simon, the foreign secretary, remains in Geneva his intentions re garding expression of the British view point are not known here. Sir Johr* Is attending the disarmament negotiations and the League deliberations. Expected to Accept Report. One unofficial view was that Great Britain naturally will accept the report Inasmuch as Lord Lytton. a British peer, was chairman of the commission, and that this government will back the League in trying to make the report effective'. The official reticence here, it was thought, probably is due in part to op posing views of powerful sections of public opinion regarding Manchuria as voiced in the press. Most papers praised what they said was the exhaustive and thorough char acter of the report, but there was con siderable skepticism about the League of Nations' ability to act on it* recom mendations The Times raised a question of doubt over whether Japan would be able to stand the strain of its undertaking in Manchuria and predicted the possibility that the Japanese people eventually WUUIU suoir me IWI liUjmo.u.. U ^ - slon that disregard of the feelings ot the Manchurians would not ultimately serve the permanent interests of Japan.' The Telegraph said if a solution had to wait on the results of international co-operation in the reconstruction ol China, it would wait ‘ long enough.'' Government Condemned. The liberal News-Chronicle, however condemned the British government foi •handling the Manchurian question feebly and failing to take a line which might have joined Oreat Britain and the United States in a definite policy which the other powers would have ac cepted and Japan respected.'' Most of all." it said, “it Is important that this country and the United States keep step.” The Daily Mail Indicated strong sym pathy with Japan and said "Britain doesn't mean to be involved in any anti Japanese proceedings." "Japan's presence in Manchuria," it added, "is as .salutary as that of Oreat Britain in India." The Labor Herald said the report es tablished that “Japan is guilty of a great Intel national crime and that tht excuses made for it are baseless and invalid." The Manchester Guardian said the recognition of Manchukuo by Japan "need not and must not be allowed tc achieve what was its principal aims, namely, the defeat of the Lytton re port." Armed force. It said, remains the final arbiter if all other machinery falls, but such a method should be resisted at all costs, for the repercussion would be felt in the West no less than in the East. DIFFICULTIES ARE SEEN. Parts Pager, However. Believes Japan Will Negotiate. PARIS, October 3 (/4s).—The news paper Le Petit Parisien said today it foresaw terriffic difficulties for the Leagu. of Nations as a result of Japan's recog nition of Manchukuo. which the League Inquiry Commission said would remain under the soverigntv of China. It added, however, that it believed Japan would not close the door and would negotiate with the League Coun cil. REPORT IS CONDEMNED. Manchurian Status Before September 18 1931, Demanded. SHANGHAI. October 3 UP).—1The Cen tral China Daily, newspaper organ ol Wang Ching-Wei, Leftist leader and former chairman of the executive yruar of the National government, condemned the Lytton report on Manchuria severely In an edit:rial today. “We cannot agree to discuss tht future administration of Manchurii with Japan.” the paper said. "Msn churia is Chinese territory. Why should we discuss its government with a foreign power? We demand that the statu; at before September 18, 1931, be restored.' BELIEVED PARTLY ACCEPTABLE. NANKING. October 3 (A>).—Tht principal officia’s of the Chinese gov ernment were away from Nanking today but the unofficial view of the Lytton rtpert here was that the author It let would accept at least the greater part of It as the basis for a solution of the Manchurian problem. JAPAN MAY QUIT NATIONS LEAGUE War Office Issues Warning Over Lytton Commis sion Report. _'Continued From Firat Page ) flee. Extension of our influence In Manchuria is one t>tep toward that goal By comparison. American end other commercial interest* in Manchuria are a lesser consideration. ‘•However, Japan has maintained thf policy of the open door in her own territory, and there is no reason to ex pect that the open doer policy will not be maintained wherever Japanese in fluence extends." The higher government officials dele gated the foreign office spokesman tr express the views of the government Members of the cabinet declined u comment, in accordance with a cabim decision. Official Tckio found few surprises i’ the Lytton report. The leaks whicl provided a basis for rumors concernin its contents over the past several wee* proved, in the main, to be substantial! accurate. LEAGUE TACKLES REPORT. Declared to Have Largest Problem in History on Hands. GENEVA, October 3 OP)—The League of Nations was definitely at grips today with the Manchurian problem—perhaps the greatest test it has faced in its history—following publication of the re port of the Lytton Investigating Com iswootirii vtiuiu iiiirrrutiaiiy luiiumuiru Japan's military occupation and turned thumbs down on the Japanese-advised regime of Henry Pu-Yi. The commission, in an exhaustive analysis of the situation which began with the opening of the Japanese Army's drive in September of last year, found that the military campaign was un justified and that the new state of Manchukuo is not supported by the Manbhurian people. It proposed a special autonomus re gime for the territory, with China re taining full sovereignty over the three provinces, and suggested a special Sino Japanese conference to work out the basis of a permanent settlement, with the provision that the League Council take a hand If the Chinese and Jap anese themselves fall to agree. Signed by Five Nations. Because of the delay requested by Japan and granted last week by the League, consideration of the report will not be taken up until November 14. It was signed and approved by all five members of the commission. Lord Lit ton of Oreat Britain. Gen. Prank Mc Coy of the United States. Count Luigi Albrovandl Marescotti of Italy. Dr Her mann Schnee of Germany and Gen Henri Claudel of FYance Generally speaking. It was ha'led tn all quarters here today, except by the Japanese, with satisfaction. The more the Chinese studied it, the more they seemed to like it. The report scouted Japan's conten tion, so often repeated while the mili tary campaign was at its height last Winter, that her soldiers we~e fight ing in self-defense. I After giving the conflicting Ch nese and Japanese versions of the events which provoked the outbreak ol hos tilities at Mukden on September 18, 1931, the committee said "the military operations of Japanese troops * * cannot be regarded as measures of legitimate self-defense." The Japanese blamed the Mukden incident on an explosion on the rail road line which, they testified, created a break in the line of 31 inches, the 1 committee pointed out. but they also testified that a train passed over the break st full speed shortly after the explosion, arriving in Mukden undam aged and on time. Chlnchow Bombing Condemned. The commissioners also condemned ; the bombing o! Chinchow by Japanese ; airplanes near the close of the cam paign. "Bombing of a civil adminis I tration by military forces cannot be i justified.” the report said. ”It has been the practice cf the Jppa J nese to describe indiscriminately ss ‘bandits' all forces now opposed to them." the report said "There Rrc. in fact, apart from bnndits. two distinct categories of organized resistance, name ly. regulars and irregular Chinese troops." The government of the new statr cf Manchukuo under Henry Pu-Yi was frankly characterised es one formed and supported artificially by Japanese military and civil officials, without gen uine support from the local Manchurian population. "Since September 18. 1931." the com mission said, “the activities cf the Japa nese military authorities, in civil as well as military matters, were marked by essentially political considerations. • • • Is Is clear that the independ ence movement, which never had been heard of in Manchuria before Septem ber, 1931. was made possible only by I the presence of Japanese troops.” The Japanese general staff, they add ed. knew from the beginning what use would be made of the autonomy move ment. Witnesses Frightened Away. The commission also said It found it difficult to find out the real attitude of the Manchurian people because of the activities cf the Japanese. The strong guard provided by Japan fright ened away witnesses. It said, and inter views "usually were arranged with con siderable difficulty and In secrecy. Many informed us that it was too dangerous for them to meet us even in this way.” Most of the delegations interviewed, it added, were introduced by Japanese or Manchukuo authorities and the com missioners indicated they wrre skeptical of the genuineness of the testimony ob tained from these delegations. "In some cases." they said, "persons who presented statements informed us afterward that the statements had been written or substantially revised by the Japanese and were not to be taken as expressions of their real feelings.” All but two of 1,550 letters received by the commission from farmers, trades men, students and workers in the towns, they said, were "bitterly hostile to the new 'Manchukuo government and the Japanese and they appeared to b~ sincere and spontaneous expressions of opinion.” China's Weakness Scored. The commission did not hold China blameless for the situation in the East, however, and it sharply indicted the Chinese government for its weakness and for administrative disorders. It also insisted China must have regard for Japanese economic interests in Manchuria. "The Anal requisite for a satisfactory solution." the report said, "is temporary international co-operation In the inter national reconstruction of China. • • • It is quite as much in the Interests of the powers now as it was in 1122 to assist in the reconstruction of China and the maintenance of her sovereignty, her territorial and administrative in tegrity, as indispensable to the main tenance of peace. * * • HOTEL LOBBY WRECKED Guests Uninjured When Leaking Gas Ignites. PALATKA. Fla . October 3 (A5).—A se ries of explosions wrecked the lobby of the Hotel James here early today, but 10 guests, sleeping in their rooms, es caped injury. Firemen attributed the blasts to gas escaping from faulty pipes. Fire broke out after the explosions, but it was qickly extinguished.