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TIRELESS WORKER Wife of Presidential Nom inee Helps to Run # School. BY JUNE HAMILTON RHODES. Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, wife of the Democratic nominee for President, Is a woman you work with,· not for. This I know, because she was my Im médiate superior when I was director of publicity for the women's activities in the Smith presidential campaign. The final Ο. K. on my appointment to this position was to be given by Mrs. Roosevelt. I saw her then for the first time. She was sitting be hind a golden oak rolled-top desk, creating an oasis i f order and quiet In a room in which excited clerks, furniture movers and professional order givers were shifting Democratic head quarters from temporary to permanent offices. She was assorting mail. She vas dictating. She was answering a telephoned query. She was giving final instructions for her new' office. Kindly Eyes. My card lay before Mrs. Roosevelt. I was about to expialn who I was and why I had come. Ai «he looked *t me steadily I became aware that 1 was looking into the kindest eye· I had ever seen. She interrupted my first words with, "Well, my dear, when do you begin?" "Why now, If you •wish," I replied, surprised. Compared to the elaborate question naires which usually confront appli cants for jobs, this method was at least unique. I discovered later that, meticulous as she is in regard for de tail, she trusts her experience and judgment of people. Her genius foi organization maii.es possible the va riety of activities in which she is en gaged and the volume of work she ac complishes every day of her life. These qualities react on her col leagues. They create such an atmos phere of quiet and poise that even in the most hectic hours of the campaign no one ever lost her temper. The people who work with Mrs. Roosevelt are all colleagues. Working together is her idea of working. No one ever works for her, and when Mrs. Roosevelt's name appears on the score of committee boards of which she is a member, she is not a name on a letter head, but an actual working part of the activities of the institution. When we worked for Eleanor Roose velt, she felt confidence in our ability to do our jobs. In the five months of close association, there was never one moment of interference or dictation. There were certain hours of confer ences and suggestions, always ending with "I am certain you can do this better in your own way, than I could suggest." Her unfailing courtesy, and her ready sympathy, her ability to give a definite, clean-cut answer to any question, or tc give a definite, explicit order, make het a joy to work with. Tolerance, forti tude, courage, quiet, strength are the forces that make her so outstanding, not the force of hard, driving, unyield ing energy. Even the herculean Job of organizing the women of 48 States and 4 Terri tories failed to obliterate her mother ing Instinct. Imagine if you can, the pressure of preparing Gov. Smith's first touring campaign. Special literature, news photographs, newspaper stories ■written in advance. Communications established between key women along the way and Mrs. Roosevelt's head quarters. And always, always short handed. Eleanor Roosevelt was usuallj at her desk from 8 in the morning until 8 at night. At last we were off. When I walked Into my compartment, just es the train was pulling out from Albany, I found a packet addressed to me, in Mrs Roosevelt's handwriting. It contained a small pneumatic pillow. "Because," ■wrote Mrs. Roosevelt, "I remember the year I campaigned my back was always so tired and I know you are going to need this every day you are out." There has grown up through the mediums and channels that any one ■who has had experience in national politics understands so easily, a tradi tion that Eleanor Roosevelt is an in tellectual—a brilliant, cold, extremelj clever, managing woman. Like all great myths, this is about as far from the truth as San Francisco Is from New York. Keeps Opinions to Self. Certainly she has opinions—but with it, the rare good sense to keep them tc herself. In her own words, "It is im possible for husband and wife both to have political careers. It requires all the energy and united effort of an entire household to support one." "The wife of any politician must never njake any allusion to her own political opin ions when they differ from her hus band's. She must never agree to try to convince him on any point, whethei regarding some stand already taken oi upon some matter on which he has not yet passed judgment." Like all extremely sensitive people, she is shy: growing up in a family oi cousins who were exceptionally good looking, she became at an early age conscious of the fact that she was not a beauty and began to devote her time and energy to her studies and to out of-door sports. Tall, graceful, with extraordinarily fine eyes and unusually fine hands, she retains even now a cer tain simplicity and naturalness unusual in our generation. Mrs. Roosevelt is that rapidly dis appearing type—an American lady by birth, by instinct and by training. She also possesses more energy, vitality and love of life than any woman I have ever known. Her children all reflect it. She is generous, sympathetic, sensitive to the conditions under which her fellow beings live and work. Her entire thought and life expression is directed toward humanitarian activities. Her friends up and down the social scale turn to her for help when in trouble.^ Solicitous for Friends. It is Eleanor oRsoevelt who writes the personal notes and remembers to send that certain book on sailing date. It Is Eleanor Roosevelt who calls up on the morning your mother goes to the hospital for a critical operation and offers to remain with you, though her arrangements are all made to leave for Warm Springs with her husband. Her flowers and her not· an the first to arrive at the hospital. Mrs. James Roosevelt, Franklin Roosevelt's mother, turned to ms one day shortly after her son became Gov ernor, and said: "You are a young woman who seems intelligent. Tell me, why does Eleanor want to teach school?" Many people have asked this question. Four years ago Johnnie, the youngest child, went away to school. Eleanor Roosevelt had been for some time, to· gether with Marlon Olckerman and Fancy Cook, owner of the Todhunter School for Girls. Raving no more ba bies at home, Mrs. Roosevelt was keen to do something of her own, and edu cation had long been her hobby. She had arranged to teach English and his tory to Junior and senior girls in this school and to live as usual in her New York homes, when the affairs of the State took a turn and Franklin Roose velt was drafted for the governorship. I was with Mrs. Roosevelt the morn ing she received the news. S'.ie cried— the only time I have ever seen her weaken. "I don't want Franklin to be Governor," she said. "It will spoil our lives. He doesn't want to be Governor. What shall we do? I want to stay In New York and work In my school, and Franklin has his work outlined for him." Reads of Nomination. Franklin Rooeevelt was in Warm Springs, Ga. The Rochester convention was on. He refused to answer the tele phone. Mrs. Roosevelt arrived In Roch ester and finally sent thla wire : "Frank lin, you will have to answer the tele phone." At last Franklin Roosevelt came to the telephone and Mrs. Roose velt told him she could not advise him. Fifteen minutes later she took a train for New York to open school the next morning, and it was not until her ar rival that she read In the paper that her husband had been nominated. Mrs. Roœevelt's loyalty la another outstanding quality. I had just re turned from a four weeks' tour with Gov. Smith's train and Eleanor Roosevelt came Into my office. "Frank lin would like you to work for the State campaign," she said. I looked up quickly—we all loved Franklin Roosevelt. "But I can't," I re plied. "I couldn't leave Gov. Smith." "I can't either," she said. "I've started with this campaign and I'm In It till we finish. I knew you would feel just as I do, and I told Franklin so this morning " So the woman whose husband was running for Governor worked for A1 Smith while her husbands associates worked with him, and for him. OfHcial Guests Tended. Eleanor Roosevelt kept on with her school because she did not dream Franklin Roosevelt would be re-elected. She has a great capacity for organiza tion and administration. To be sure, she comes into New York two days each week, but at Albany things go on with regularity and precision under the direction of a trained and competent hostess. Every guest has always been received by her secretary, and the per sonal attention given has assured this guest that the hostess has left no ar rangement for his comfort and happi ness unattended. Each guest is placed at the table, his room assigned and his conference with the Governor meticu lously met. whether the mistress of the house is there or in New York, and she personally sees to it that nothing slips, j Franklin Roosevelt's mother presides I over the Hyde Park home, which Is set I high up in the center of a large estate, on a plateau overlooking the Hudson. A large, roomy, comfortable old estab lished house, capable of housing all of the five children, the two daughters in-law, a son-in-law, three grandchil dren and two or three close friends and secretaries who are always there when the family are. Here are dops. horse* and garden·, all simple and natural. There 1· no orientation and no for· mallty. Franklin Roosevelt'· enormous library occupies the left wing of the house and It Is here that the family gather after dinner, for they truly enjoy each other. The boys adore Anna, the only daugh ter. She Is one of the most natural, unspoiled girls I have ever known; capa ble as her mother, extremely friendly and gay a· her father, and with the sense or humor which Is the great bond between Eleanor and Franklin Roose velt. Eleanor Roosevelt was discussing with Hendrlk Van Loon the teaching of his tory to the advanced pupils In Tod hunter School. We were seated on the lawn in front of the little cottage on the estate, which is a part of the Val Kill Furniture Shop. (The Val Kill Furniture Shop is a project to provide work for boys and girls of Dutchess County. They are trained In the art of reproducing early American furni ture, but this is another story.) Nancy Cook, who Is the owner of this project, together with Miss Dickerman. also Joint owner of the school, was making cool drinks for us while newspaper men and Anna were swim ming in the little pool at the foot of the garden. Mrs. Roosevelt said: "I want to make historical events so Interesting that my pupils will consult their history and not have it forced on them. How can we do this?" Then followed a list of historical novels suggested by Louis I Howe, the Governor's secretary. Finally Dr. Van Loon turned quietly to her and said: "All we can do, dear Mrs. Roose velt, Is to expose our children and our students to these facts, and If It takes, all right; If it doesn't, we ean't do much." Mrs. Roosevelt smiled again. "Yes, that is my idea also. I don't be lieve in trying to force anything. I want my children to live their own lives." Robs Choose Own Careen. "What will your sons do, Mrs. Roose velt?" asked Dr. Van Loon. "Whatever they most wish to do. We were very much surprised when Elliott, our second son, decided not to go ta college, but to go into the advertising business. However, it is his life, not ours, so we have watched with Interest his adventure in business. "Our children will all have to be self supporting, and although Elliott's wife has considerable of a fortune of her own, he intends to live on his own salary. "Franklin, jr., our third son, Is interested in politics, also James, the eldest, of course, and Betsy, his charm ing wife, but Johnnie( the youngest) my e-foot-2 boy, hate* it all ana thinks it a great bore, because there are too many people around to Interfere with tennis, riding and swimming." Mrs. Roosevelt rides well and Is at her best in riding and sports clothes. 8h« swlma «ad plays tennis ud has never neglected to keep up her Interest In out-of-<loor «porte. Eleanor Roosevelt la the most par eil tent worker X hive em known. She meticulously prepares for her class work; she contributes frequently to national magasines, and she has a very large circle of personal friends. She personally buys her children's clothing, goes with them to school and personally settles their rooms. She spends hours with her grandchildren. Mrs. James Roosevelt's question was beautifully answered when her little great-granddaughter "Slaty," who we* snuggling against her grandmother's knees and twisting child fashion, a bit of her frock, was asked "How old are you Slsty?" "Five years old," she answered. Then Eleanor Roosevelt (the grandmother) looking so incredibly Iresh and young, interposed "Where are you going to school this Fall, Slsty?" The child turned quickly, looking straight into th eyes of her grand mother, her face lighted up «1th grer.t giro as she replied, "Your school!'* Broad Culture. I do not believe there is a woman living in America today of broader cul ture. with more practical application of the ideals that lie at the base of our entire spiritual structure, or a more sympathetic, sincere understanding of the problems that confront the people whose lives touch hen, than Eleanor Roosevelt. As we cam· through the great hall to so to the cottage, a very worried, tired, poorly dressed woman with tragedy In her face, sat In one corner. Eleanor Roosevelt stopped and went over to her. She asked her name and her errand. Then she called to us to go on to the station wagon and wait. Bhe was to drive us over to the cottage. We waited 15 minutes. At last she came. There was no apology, her eyes were full of tears and she was terribly distressed. "That woman is going to lose her home if she doesn't get $76 by Tues day," she said. "If there Is going to be any State aid for these people, why doesn't It get started. She hadn't been able to get work for a year. This home represents her lifetime savings. I can't give them all money, but, of course, I'll get this somehow." Then she went Into the long list of people who write, telephone, call every day. all deserving, all needing help terribly, and that is one of the reasons why Eleanor Roosevelt .cares so little for clothes. She spends her life, in come and her energy, working with the less fortunate who need her. "They must be taken care of," she continued. "We will have to share with them; children can't atarve, people can't lose their homes, while we keep ours. We have got to do something. If Eleanor Roosevelt goes to the White House, the women and children of America will find In her a sympa thetic friend and an Intelligent lis tener. Eleanor Roosevelt le a woman who do·· thing. She differ· from her hus band on many points. It le true she is, and always has been, a dry. It would not be in her character to change because It seemed expedient. She is without the shadow of a doubt, how ever. In favor of repeal of the eight eenth amendment, because she Ik con vinced that It his been a complete failure. There Is no doubt that Eleanor Roosevelt's force of character, spiritual strength and physical endurane· have been tremendous factor· In Franklin Roosevelt's battle for health. 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