Newspaper Page Text
Success Reported in Solving
New State's Problem of Banditry. Detailed information respect inn con ditions in Manchukuo up to. about six weeks ago has been receivel by The Star from a source, which, while fa vorable to Japan, is nevertheless to be credited as authentic and accurate. It comes from one who is intimately fa miliar with the situation in the newly created state and with t'ne circum stances attending its organization fol lowing the "incident" of September 18, 1931, when a clash occurred near Muk den between Chinese and Japanese troops following a breaking of the line cf the South Manchuria Railway. The major problem of the Japanese supporters of the new regime in Man chukuo has been the abatement of the fcindit-soldier menace there. When the Japanese forces in a series of engage ments defeated and f-cattered the troops of Marshal Chang Hsueh Liang, who was supreme ruler of Manchuria under the old order, these armed men began to operate as unorganized groups in co operation with bandits who had been previously active. It is estimated that in August, 1932. these Chincfce soldier bandits and mixed gangs totaled from 250.000 to 260.000. Where they oper ated in military tashion in large bodies they were wiped out comparatively quickly bv intensive drives by the Japa nese troops. Most of them maintained themselves by robbing the civilian pop ulation. Frum time to time their num ber wp.s augmented by former civilians who were driven to banditry and de prived of their means of earning an honest living either by these depreda tions or by the great floods which ruined large areas of agricultural land in North Manchuria in 1932. These groups were rated bv the au thorities in Nanking and Peking as -volunteers." Bandit leaders were given commissions as regular officers and large rewards were offered for depredations such as the wrecking of trains, destruc tion of government buildings and assas sinations of military and civil officers. Arms and munitions were supplied from China, where popular subscriptions were conducted for that purpose. Problem Believed Solved. These supplies found their way into Manchuria through Jehol. and it was in part for the purpose of closing that gate for these munitions for the main tenance of the bandit warfare in Man churia that the campaign at Jehol was undertaken. In Manchuria proper the Japanese and Manchukuo military forces began systematized drives in triangular sections. This campaign, it is now re ported, has resulted in reduction of the lawless armed forces to between 50.000 and 60,000. They are now confined chiefly to the northeastern area. It is felt that the bandit problem in Man chukuo has been solved. Three measures have been adopted for the suppression of this bandit men ace to peace and order in the new state, education, negotiation and eco nomic rehabilitation. By "education" is signified a demonstration by the au thorities that the Manchukuo govern ment is solid and progressive and that It cannot be overturned by force of arms from within. By "negotiation" is meant the persuasion of the bandits to lay down their arms voluntarily. This has been successful, numerous gangs having already surrendered. A few gToups have been employed in police work and a small number of th£m have reverted to banditry. "Economic re habilitation" has consisted in grants ol money or seed gram to farmers whose holdings have been ruined so that tney may be given a fresh start in peaceful occupations, large sums having been appropriated by the government for this purpose. A system of village defense by patrols formed by the villagers themselves has been adopted. This measure was at tended with difficulty inasmuch as the possession of arms bv civilians formed a possible supply for the bandits. When arms have been issued to the people for this purpose count has been taken of them and the heads of the villages have been held responsible for their safe keeping and proper use. It is now believed that the majority of the remaining bandits can be elimi nated by peaceful means, especially as the majority of them are not profes sionals, but have been forced into banditry. Opportunity is now offered for them to find employment in con nection with the construction of new roads, railways antl buildings and the establishment of new industries. Kaoliang as Bandit Screen. In the past it has been found that tihen railways were built the bandits moved away from them because of the maintenance of armed guards along the lines. The network of new ran lines now under construction will, it is believed, facilitate the suppression of this nuisance. Another measure of pro tection against the bandit plague has been an order making it illegal to plant kaoliang within a certain distance of the railway tracks. This cercal, which grows to a height of 10 or 15 feet, being very much like American corn in ap pearance, and is one of the major crops of Manchuria, has in the past made it easy for bandit gangs to attack villages and railway lines, as it is impossible to pursue them successfully when they scatter through the grain. Visitors to Manchuria before the recent happen ings which resulted in the separation of the "three eastern provinces" from An Important Message To Every Man and Woman Who Wants to Reduce Easily and Safely Syl-Vette Will Reduce 5 to 15 Pounds Monthly Syl-Vette is the n<•» condensed re ducing food. You just mix a teasqoon ful in hot water and drink it instead of eating breakfast or lunch. It's as simple as that. No exercise or dan gerous drugs. One hundred clinical tests show that users of Syl-Vette lose from 5 to 15 pounds in .to days . . . look younger and feel better. Syl-Vette contains no thyroids, laxa tive salts or harmful drugs. It is a pure, safe reducing food. Every one wanting to reduce safely and pleasantly should investigate right away, today. 30-Day SI HO Treatment "ALL OVER TOWN" —the better mo terve you! ! i Italian City Built on Reclaimed Marshes MUSSOLINI'S ENGINEERS TURN MORASS INTO CULTIVATABLE LAND. m ^ m m mmmm mi mm 'c The above photo shows the new city created by Premier Mussolini on land reclaimed from the Pontine Marshes. In the background is the road which joins Littoria to the Appian Way and the cultivated land reclaimed by the Italian engineers. —Wide World Photo. . China proper, who arrived in the Springtime were reassured of their . safety from this menace by the state ' mcnt "this is not the season for ban ; dits, the kaoliang is not high enough." ' Now the kaoliang is to be kept far j enough away from the railway lines to ' prevent safe approach for attack and > a chance to escape. New Outlet to Sea. I Railway construction work, as stated, i is being carried on extensively und ac ' tively. One of these operations is of ! particular interest. The line from Tun I nua to the Korean coast has been eom : pletcd anc: is in operation. This will j (onnect with new poru on the coast in ' Korea now under construction, and will I give North Manchuria an outlet to the sea much closer than Daiien. The con struction of this line closes a chapter of importance in the history of Man churia. Under tne old order, with Marshal Chan£ Tso Lin as supreme ruler of the three provinces, the Jap anese sought the privilege of building a branch of that line from Chang Chunk, the northern terminal of the South Manchurian Railway, easterly through Kirin and Tunhua to the coast. This was resisted, and as a compromise the Chinese undertook the construction with a Japanese loan, and under Jap anese engineering supervision. By the ! Spring ci 1929 this had been carried | to Tunhua. leaving about 60 miles re | maining, the most difficult operation of all owing to the rough country between that point and the sea. Chang Tso Lin meanwhile had been assassinated and his son. Chang Hsueh Liang, had suc ceeded him. He refused his consent to the completion of the line under either Chinese or Japanese control. That was one of the major causes Qf the breach between Japan and Chang Hsueh Liang. With Manchukuo established as an "independent" state, under Japanese patronage, the strategic importance of this line is lessened. Had Manchuria remained in Chinese control it would have constituted a vitally important "bridgehead" against a passible attack upon Korea by China or by Russia in case that power regained foothold in Manchuria. In present conditions this line has chiefly an economic value in shortening the rail haul from the heart of the soy bean fields to the sea. Resources Being Explored. Should Japan succeed in purchasing th2 Chinese Eastern Railway, now owned half and half by China and Russia, it will possess an efficient rail- , way system in Manchuria. Negotiations | to that end are now in progress. In ; this connection It ts to be noted that j according to the Japanese viewpoint [ the Chinese half of the Chinese Eastern j Railway is owned by Manchukuo as the successor state, so that the purchase of the Russian half will give Japan, in effect, full ownership of this line Plans for the development of the ag ricultural and mineral resources of Manchuria are in progress and new in dustries are projected for the exploita tion of the mineral wealth of the coun try, which has been hitherto neglected. A scientific research is now being car ried on in exploration of these resources. There is a promising prospect of a profitable production of magnesium and an extensive development of gold min ing. In this connection the question arises whether the labor supply of the coun try will suffice without a resumption oi Cii nese immigration which, up to the Summer of 1929. was in progress at a rate to cause it to be known as the largest movement of human beings in the history of the world. The present government of Manchu ria, the state of Manchukuo. has aban doned all efforts in the line of encourag MAYNARDS IAIO EYE ST. N.W. CHICKEN BOX Picfide Style DELIVERED 6 HOT BUTTERED BISCUITS HOT Hi' CRISP POTATO CHIPS SWEET MIXED PICKLES AND FOUR CUP CAKIS YI or we will deliver ■ Open 9A M to IIP Ml Phone DISTRICT 2611 lng and promoting Immigration from China proper. The Immediate problem la to find work for those who are now In the field, but even with the restoration to peaceful occupations of those, chiefly farmers—300,000 Koreans having been driven from their farms by bandits and Chinese troops—who are now free to return to their flelds, there will soon be need of man power and to the end of supplying this need Japan has now in stituted a policy of systematic mass mi gration of Japanese farmers to Man churia, where they will take up hitherto uncultivated lands with the direction and support of organizations formed for this purpose. These as well as the Koreans mainly cultivate rice, with which the Manchurian Chinese are un successful. They mainly employ swampy lands which the Chinese cannot use. Japanese Migration Planned. This experiment In Japanese migra tion into Manchuria is the renewal of an effort made some years ago, shortly alter the Russo-Japanese war, to Induce Japanese colonists to establish them selves in Southern Manchuria, partly to lessen the pressure on the home land of the rapidly increasing native popula tion and partly for economic purposes, to increase the agricultural products of that fertile land and thus to increase in turn the f reights hauled by the Japa nese-owned South Manchuria Railway. The undertaking was not successful. The Japanese did not respond to the invitation to go into that area, which is much colder than their home land, and, moreover, they found it impossible to compete with the Chinese, who were flocking into the region in great num bers. It Is the belief of the Japanese government that with more stable condi tions in Manchuria, and especially with a more dependable monetary system— under the dominion of the "Changs," father and son, there were no less than 14 different kinds of currency in circu lation, depreciated almost to the point of worthlessness—there will be a con siderable movement of Japanese into Manchuria. The reform of the currency system In Manchuria has been undertaken by the new state with such success that the Manchukuo yuan, which Is the unit of value, originally quoted 72 yen to the 100. Is now at par. The Manchukuo government has un dertaken the reduction of taxes, espe cially the exorbitant salt tax. which un der the old order weighed heavily on the people. It has remitted large amounts of taxes due by farmers whose p.bility to pay had been impaired by floods and bandit disturbances. It has abandoned the practice of the former regime of compelling the payment of taxes in advance. These are some of the features of the report ot conditions just received. Whether the undertakings of the "pup pet state," as Manchukuo has been called, succeed remains for future de termination. National Press Office Bldg., One Block From Industrial Recovery Administration > • • • • Watch Out For Glare You're in the bright sunlight 10 much in the summer. Protect your eyes and your health and happiness— with Soft-Lite ler.«es. Let our registered optometrist examine your eyes and prescribe the right glasses I >>f c/ There are some things we refuse to do to sell a oar. We like sales, b*t fair-dealing and the confidence of our customers are desirable, too. For one thing, we refuse to poison anyone's mind against another make of car. We know what our car is and what it will do, and we are ready to tell you about that. But to imply defects in another car is not our business. We have done our utmost to encourage intelligent buying of motor cars by showing purchasers how to protect their own interests. All that a good pro ducer asks is a customer who knows quality when he sees it. An intelligent purchaser will speedily conclude that only a bad product requires bad sales methods. We refuse, also, to adopt the role of tricky trader—that is, pretending to offer you a larger trade-in allowance, and taking it away from you in some other way. Ford trade-in values are high, but we do not make fictitious allowances in order to get a sale which may be otherwise disadvantageous to the buyer. Our dealers take used cars upon a system of values, not by haggling or barter. In this world no one gets something for nothing, although there are many ways of making people think that they do. The sure way to get value for value is, first, by being yourself willing to deal on that basis, and second, by dealing with a concern that has no other policy. We refuse to keep dinning in your ears that the Ford V-8 is the best, most economical, lowest-priced car. That is claimed for several cars. Obviously it cannot be true of all. There comes a point where claims and adjectives and all advertising hysteria disappears in its own fog. Personally, I prefer facts. We say the new Ford V-8 is the best car we have made. We say that our 8-cylinder car is as economical to operate as any lower number of cylinders. We say that we have always been known as the makers of good cars and that the many good, well-balanced qualities of our present car places it at the head of our line to date. Any one wishing to do business with us on these principles will find our word and the quality of our product to be A-l. What we say about economy, operation and durability will stand good anywhere. July 7th, 1933 ECONOMIST WILL MAKE STUDY OF LUMBER USE E. V. Roberts of Forest Service Will Visit Carolina Farms in Preliminary Survey. By the Associated Press. A special study of the use of lumber and other forest products on farms was undertaken today by E. V. Roberts, economist for the Forest Service, who left for Sumter, 8. C.. to make a pr*» llminary field Investigation. He will spend about six weeks In that area and visit about 200 farms as a step in a survey of lumber uses to be made In 12 areas In different parts of the country. The study Is part of a survey of the Nation's timber resources and require ments being made as a b&si.i for "bal ancing the Nation's timber budget." Three generations of the family of S. P. Reynolds were in Columbia, Mo, when Reynolds attended the golden re union of the class of 1883, University of Missouri. [ Good News! loWER "PRICES \ on famous Yardley PRODUCTS for Gentlemen Effective MONDAY . JULY 10 Formerly NEW lo* Pri« $1.30 YARDLEY Shaving Bowl $1.00 .95 YARDLEY Shaving Lotion 65 "ALL OVER TOWN"—the better to serve you! WELCOME! "An Old Friend Back Again" OrMUxml *A Royal Good Drink* » inc Refreshing I 9 I Drink Mil You remember the deliclousness of the Orange Royals you drank at "Peoples" last Summer... and now they're back again! If you haven't had one... don't deny yourself the pleasure any longer. The very first sip will delight you... and you'll probably say: "Wonder why I never tried this delicious drink before?" "A Sensation . . . Original With Us" Made FRESH before your eyes! Served in • parkling, sterilized silverware to complement iti goodness! t Contains the juice ot a whole. fresh orange [ and other health-giving | ingredients. Peoples Dnjjr Stores Offer SOMETHING New In Photo Finishing Now.. # you can DOUBLE YOUR PICTURE-TAKING ENJOYMENT with these NEW LARJA-PMNTS double the size of your ordinary prints You need no longer lose half the interest in your snapshot pictures because of tiny prints. A won derful new process allows you to see, in your fin ished pictures, just what was before your eyes when vou made the exposure. Mother's face, baby's smile, the pup's pricked-up ears, all are shown in full de tail, large enough to see as thcii should be seen, by means of Lavja-Prints, which are made just twice the size of your regular prints. If your ordinary pictures are the 116, 120, or 127 size, you can now eniov the convenience of using a small camera and vet "ot benefit of fuH-si>ed points. Order TA-PRINTS at all Peoples Drug Stores photo counters. •4r NEXT TTME Specify LARJA-PRINTS when you leave your roll of film to be developed AT AIX Peoples Dru; Stores LARJA-PRINT You can see every de tail in your pictures with LARJA-PRINTS . . . mod their cost is little more than ordi nary print*! Ordinary Print LARJA-PRINTS Permit Small Camera Conveni ence and Economy YET YOU GET Large Camera Size, Detail and Enjoyment! "ALL OVER TOWN"