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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 30, 1933, Image 1

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(TT. 8. Weather Bureau Forecast) . °«ly evening paper
cioudy, not so cold, followed by light in Washington with the
snow tonight; minimum temperature A ..noiotaJ
about 20 degrees; tomorrow snow, chang- - /\ssociaiea tress news
Ing to rain. Temperatures—Highest, 20, service.
at noon today; lowest, 8, at 1 p..m. today.
Pull report on page 5.
Closing N. Y. Markets, Pages 8 & 9 _ _Yesterday^ Circulation, 115,151_
v, O0 7--1 Entered as second class matw “ WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, DECEMBER 30, 1933—TWENTY-TWO PAGES. <*> Men. A...ei.t.d pre*.. TWO CENTS.
1\ O. OZ, I tJU. post ufflce. Washington. L>. C- _'_'______ _______
Deputy Administrator Ousted
After False Announcement
of Pact Approval.
Proposals Suspended Increased
Levies on Accounts and Put
Checks on “Meter" System.
By the Associated Press.
Banks in every corner of the Nation
were under sudden N. R. A. orders to
day to withhold projected schedules de
signed to sharply increase bank chargss
to customers.
While the Capital speculated upon the
final outcome of the swift move by
Hugh S. Johnson in canceling the in
creased levies, the recovery adminis
trator himself added only silence to his
order that the charges be suspended
"indefinitely and immediately." or at
least until he had approved them.
The first action cini" last night as
the result of what was officially de
scribed as a most unusual “misunder
standing.” Johnson lost little time after
learning that a proposed uniform higher
schedule under the N. R. A. bankers*
code had been circulated by -he code
authority among all clearing house as
sociations with the notation that John
son had approved them.
The N. R. A. chief declared imme
ctiately to newspaper men that he had
not approved the schedules; In fact, had
eoi even seen uieui.
Simultaneously he summarily dis
missed Cary N. Weisiger. jr., deputy
administrator in charge of the banking
code, who was said to have been in
strumental in a public announcement
that Johnson had approved the bank
ing code authority plans.
Higher Levies Inclusive.
Although the proposed higher sched
ule circulated among the clearing
house associations was not made public,
it was understood to approximate a
"method” system by which customers
would pay more for virtually all bank
In addition to uniform service
charges on all small checking accounts,
it was said to include levies of so much
per check above a certain number of
checks, charges for each deposit slip
and each item on the slip and a mini
mum charge of 10 cents for cashing
checks presented by non-depositors.
Johnson said in a brief public state
ment accompanying his order last night
that he intended to give "a careful
scrutiny in the public interest” to every
schedule of charges submitted by loca’
or regional clearing house associations.
The associations were given an exten
sion until February 1 to submit them.
Apparently because of delays among
the various associations, which pre
viously had been given until January
1 to submit schedules, the banking
code authority had compiled a stand
ard set of charges.
Under the original plan, each clear
ing house association was to have
arranged its own “fair practice” rules,
with adequate charges to prevent ac
counts being carried at a loss. These
rules were to have been submitted to
Johnson for approval before going into
effect. Under Johnson’s order last
night, all schedules thus far submitted
will be held up.
"Suspended Indefinitely.”
Weisiger, formerly with Goldman
Bachs. New' York and Chicago invest
ment house, was informed of his dis
missal as soon as Johnson realized what
had occurred and had dispatched tele
grams to the secretary of the code
authority, and to Ronald Ransom of
Atlanta, executive vice president of
the American Bankers’ Association, or
dering that ev'ery one who had re
ceived the standard rules be imme
diately requested to prevent their going
Into effect and stating:
“These (the rules) will be suspended
Indefinitely and immediately until spe
cifically approved by myself in person.”
In his separate public statement.
Johnson pledged “careful scrutiny in
the public interest” for every schedule
of charges submitted by a local or re
gional clearing house association. Un
til February 1. at least, he said, the
public will not have to pay any higher
service charges than are now in force.
Just how the “misunderstanding'’ to
which officials ascribed the incident
had come about, no one would explain.
The code, as approved October 3, pro
vided that local clearing house asso
ciations should establish unifoim rules
of fair practice for their territory, these
to include adequate charges to prevent
small accounts being carried at a loss.
The rules were to be reported within
30 days and could not go into effect
without Johnson’s approval.
The time for submitting the schedules
was extended to January 1 and ap
parently because of inconsistencies or
delays among the various Associations,
the code authority complied a standard
set of charges. They were not given to
the press, but distributed, under a
caption stating administration approval
of them, to the clearing house units,
approximately 750 of them. Text of the
so-called "standard rules” has not been
made public, but roughly it corresponds
to the high charges announced Thurs
day by New York banks.
Little Leeway Allowed.
Provisions in the circular purported
to make the standard rules effective the
first of the year unless other schedules
had been approved in the meantime
and little leeway was allowed in fixing
these. Most of the chedules announced
In various cities and States correspond
ed closely to the master set.
Though the code had provided for
service charges, the General expectation
Was that there would be uniform adop
tion of levies like the 50 cent to $1.50
service charges on small checking ac
counts now in lorce. Instead came a
“metered" system by which the custom
er would pay so much per check above
a certain limit, would be charged with
each deposit slip and each item on the
slip, etc. Also proposed was the mini
mum charge of 10 cents for cashing
any check presented by a non-depositor.
When newsmen spoke yestreday
morning of the New York announce
ment, Johnson said:
*‘I am not going to attempt to tell
the banks what they should do. Of
course, if the banks want to commit
suicide. I don’t know who will worry
about stopping them. My Interest would
be the public interest.”
He did not realize at the time that
N. B- A. was on record as having ap
proved the basic scales. Soon after
(Continued on Page ^rColuiun^J
Cold Feet Winner
Of 50-Cent Wager
In Zero Weather
By the Associated Press.
PATERSON, N. J.. December
30.—Mario Orlando got cold feet.
He acquired them proving he
didn’t have cold feet.
The acquisition occurred with
the thermometer registering 1
above zero, as Mario flinchingly
paced off 300 yards in his bare
feet around the City Hall.
Mario did it to win a 50-cent
Blast in Royal Pavilion of
Rumanian Rail Station
Follows Assassination.
! By tlie Associated Press.
SINAIA, Rumania. December 30.—
Mourners, thronging the railroad sta
1 tion in tribute to their assassinated
| premier. Ion G. Duca. were thrown into
a panic today by an explosion in the
royal pavilion in the station.
One child was slightly injured and
the property damage was slight despite
the panic. The frightened bystanders
were calmed by royal guards who
rshcd to the scene, King Carol was
not in the station at the time.
The body of the premier, who was
slain yesterday by a student member of
an outlawed Nazi group, was placed on
board a train which departed at 1:30
p.m . from this city, the seat of the
royal palace, for Bucharest, the capital.
Blast Cause l ndcterminrd,
The explosion, the cause of which
was not immediately determined, en
veloped the royal pavilion in a cloud
of smoke. At first it was reported that
the royal coach had been wrecked.
Hardly had the excitement subsided
when—only a lew minutes before the
train departed—the late premier's
brother-in-law. Radu Polizu. forced his
way into the station guard room where
the assassin, Nicholas Constantinescu,
was held.
Polizu whipped out a revolver and
Bred several shots point blank at Con
stantinescu. but missed.
Polizu was overpowered and led
away. He said he wanted to avenge
; the death of Duca.
Constantinescu was being held in the
i station awaiting his transport under
guard to Bucharest.
The body of the leader of Rumania's
new national government had been
taken to the station a short time before
from the palace where it had remained
during the night and early today. The
once bitter political enemy of King
Carol, Duca was the victim of bullets
fired by a fanatical student member af
the anti-Semitic and Fascist Iron Guard
he outlawed three weeks ago.
Had Conferred With King.
Waylaid at a railway station as he
prepared to leave for Bucharest after a
conference with the king, Duca was
felled by four bullets—all taking effect
in the head.
Today as all Rumania mourned, it
was recalled that it was Duca who even
after Carol's dramatic return from
Paris in 1930 denounced him in parli
Later, however, after the coronation,
it also was Duca who did much to
smooth out the bitterness between the
kinir n.nrl t.hp Tiiheral nartv and when
scarcely six weeks ago Carol's objec
tions to the return of the liberals to
power finally were overcome, it was
Duca again whom he commissioned to
form the cabinet, November 12.
With unwittingly prophetic words.
Duca’s son—legation secretary at Tokio
—cabled his father that day:
"Congratulations and condolences ..
Guard Members Jailed.
As plans were made for Duca's
funeral, the government pressed a
nation-wide roundup of known members
of the Iron Guard. Hundreds were
arrested and placed in jail.
Disorders have flared throughout Ru
mania frequently as a result of a new
wave of anti-semitic radicalism felt
since the success of Chancellor Adolf
Hitler's anti-Jewish campaign in Ger
After riots developed in connection
with the recent parliamentary cam
paign the Duca government outlawed
the Iron Guard and took measures
aimed at its suppression.
Chancellor Englebert Dollfuss of Aus
tria, who himself narrowly escaped
i death when he was wounded by gun
fire in October, was among the first
! to send condolences to Rumania.
The police interrogation of the as
sassin failed to develop anything sub
stantial beyond the statement that he
1 killed Duca because of the latter's
: ruthless treatment of the iron Guard,
authorities said.
Two Others Accused.
Held with him were two alleged ac
complices also arrested at the rail
road station.
The principal plank in the iron guard
! platform is "against Marxism, for na
tional regeneration, against outworn
parties and a liberal state, against
semitism in press and business, against
corruption in government and for resto
ration of tradition, morals, and the
customs of our forefathers.”
Although members of the party wear
a Swastika emblem similar to that worn
by Nazis, they have one custom which
! is not prevalent in Germany.
In opening a meeting, it is a part
of the ritual for the iron guard leader
to kneel and kiss the earth to sym
I bolize the party’s community of destiny
[ with peasants.
Early this morning King Carol for
mally requested Constantine Angelescu.
Rumanian cabinet leader, to take over
i the premiership and other ministers
| to remain at their posts.
Four-Year Mark Again Set
With 8-Degree Minimum.
Snow Is Predicted.

Victim Dies in Exlposion of Emer
gency Boiler—Maryland Man
Frozen to Death.

After shivering through the coldest
day and night in four years, Washing
ton faced a frigid week end today, with
both snow and rain forecast by the
Weather Bureau.
Along with other sections of the
country, however, the Capital was In
clined to look forward to the promised
snow with the hope it would bring more
, moderate temperatures.
As the mercury sank toward new
depths here last night, one death was
attributed, indirectly, to the cold. The
victim was Otto Niemejw, 55, scalded
to deatli by a boiler explosion in the
basement of the home of Miss Mabel
T. Boardman of the American Red
At 1 am. today the mercury sank to
its new low marK, not only for the cur
rent Winter, but for the last three Win
ters. The official thermometer at the
Weather Bureau registered 8 degrees.
two below the previous minimum for the
four-year period, registered at 8 a m.
Record Far Down.
Both these temperatures, however.
were a Ions way from tno December
record—13 below zero, established De
cember 31. 1880. And they were an
even longer way from the all-time rec
ord—15 below, set up February 11, 1899,
The Capital has ha<l no below-zero
temperatures, the Weather Bureau
pointed out. since February 5. 1918,
when the mercury dropped to minus 2.
Temperatures began rising slowly
after this morning's low mark had been
reached, and the Weather Bureau said
the mercury probably would climb as
high as 20 before the end of the day.
The forecast was:
•‘Cloudy, not quite so cold today, fol-!
lowed by light snow. Minimum tem
perature tonight, about 20. Snow to
morrow. changing to rain, with rising
temperatures Moderate southeast and
south winds.'’
The Eastern Shore of Maryland was
in the grip of the coldest weather re
corded there in five years, with one
death reported and several traffic ac
cidents attributed to ice-coated high
Man Found Frozen.
William F. Green was found frozen
to death in a field near his Sudlers
ville, Md., home. Dispatches quoted
Dr. C. H. Metcalfe as saying Green
evidently was taken ill and fell while
walking across the field.
Temperatures ranged from 6 to 8
degrees, and Chesapeake Bay was,
frozen from Betterton to Havre de
From Hagerstown. Md.. came word
that snow had started falling at 9 30
a m., after a night that saw the mer
cury dive to 1 below.
Washingtonians got their first taste
of Winter sport yesterday, when the
Lincoln Memorial reflecting pool was
thrown open to ice skaters. Park police
set up lights, and skating was permitted
until 11 p.m. The “rink” reopened at
9 am. today—to remain open, park
officials said, as long as the ice main
tains the required 2*2-inch thickness.
Niemeyer. a houseman in the Board -
man home. 1801 P street, had just
lighted the boiler—a supplementary one,
for use only in extremely cold weather—
when the explosion occurred.
According to the police, he neglected
to open an expansion valve, and the
steam blew the door off. enveloping him
in boiling water. The force of the blast
was so great that two doors in the
basement were blown oft their hinges.
T. Guilfoyle. a butler, put Niemeyer
in a taxicab and sent him to Emergency
Hospital, where he died an hour later.
An investigation was begun by mem
bers of the police homicide squad, un
der Detective Sergt. George E. Damall,
but Acting Coroner A. Magruder Mac
Donald said an inquest probably would
not be necessary.
Niemeyer was married and lived at
1711 Fifteenth street.
Brief Relief Thursday.
The cold wave took hold of Washing
ton after Tuesday's snow and rain,
tightening its grip with each passing
day. The only let-up came Thursday,
and it was as brief as it was slight.
Until yesterday morning, however, the
lowest temperature of the Winter was
l 14. recorded at 8 a.m. Wednesday. This
I matched the minimums of both 1932
'and 1931.
Yesterday's lowest temperature—which
also was the lowrest since January 31,
1933—was registered at 8 a.m. Through
out the remainder oi the day, the mer
cury climbed only four degrees, reaching
its peak at 1 p.m. It remained station
ary for an hour, then started down
ward again.
Compared to many other sections of
the country, however, the Capital was
fairly comfortable. In many areas, the
(Continued on Page 2, Column 5.)
Judge Who Set Aside Scottsboro
Verdict Requested to File.
ATHENS, Ga.. December 30 OP).—
Judge James E. Horton, who set aside
the verdict of guilty and the death
penalty against Heywood Patterson, one
of the Negroes in the "Scottsboro case,’’
has been asked by the Athens bar to
run for re-election.
By the Associated Press.
OWLS HEAD, N. Y., December 30.—
Alarmed for the safety of farmers, New
York State has asked the Federal Gov
ernment to help it combat the recent
“wolf Invasion” of the Adirondacks.
Conservation department wolf hunt
ters, in camp near here today, learned
that Commissioner Lithgow Osborne
has arranged with the C. W. A. to make
funds available for employment of 75
additional skilled hunters and trappers.
This precaution was taken after the
department learned of an ^taclc by
wolves on two farmhands near Fort
Covington. The farm-hands, whose
names were not learned, escaped, and
killed one of the animals.
Commissioner Osborne has asked the
Federal Biological Survey to supply an
expert wolf-trapper. At least 15 or 20
timber wolves, the first seen in New
York State in 70 years, are believed to
be roaming the mountains, and New
York trappers have been unable to
snare them.
A trapper at Lily Pad Pond found
carcasses of six deer. Other game has
been found slaughtered, apparently by
, / THE
’ yDKiNKiNGy|
House and Senate Commit
tees Show Desire to Give
Bill Careful Study.
There were growing indications today
that both the House and Senate will
take ample time in the consideration
of the District liquor control problem
to study all phases of the subject care
fully before acting.
As Individual members of both
branches began to acquaint themselves
with the text of the private license
bill transmitted to the Capitol by the
District Commissioners late yesterday.
Chairman Norton of the House Dis
trict Committee made known her will
ingness to have hearings if the House
Committee wishes to follow that course.
At the same time. Chairman King in
dicated the Senate District Committee
probably would not meet to hold hear
ings on the liquor question until after
Congress convenes Wednesday.
Tax Schedule Included.
Just before sending their private
license control plan to the Capitol, the
Commissioners included a schedule of
comparatively low gallonage taxes on
whisky and wines, and recommended
that there be no local sales tax on beer.
Chairman Norton of the House Com
mittee today favored making the tax
rates in the bill as low as possible as a
means of eliminating bootlegging as an
element of competition with legal
"Decidedly. I am in favor of the
lowest tax and license fees." Mrs. Norton
said "The proposed excise tax of 50
cents per gallon meets with my ap
proval if the studies made by District
officials and the representatives of
*0“UU3 agcillicd COpCUUWiJf Uivcresica
recommends that amount.
“It is to be hoped that the sale of
legal liquor will assist very materially
the District revenues, but it is much
more important that the National
capital be protected from being a haven
for bootleggers and racketeers.”
Opposes Dispensaries.
Mrs. Norton also declared she does
not see where the Government should
go Into the liquor business by establish
ing ”dispen»aries,” but emphasized that
she w ill approach the proposed hearings
with an open mind, ready to accept the
united judgment of those most deeply
concerned with the welfare of the
Mrs. Norton is sending today to all
members of her committee the revised
text of the District Commissioners’ rec
ommendations in the form cf a com
mittee print. She still expects to have
the committee meet immediately after
the House adjourns on the opening day
to decide whether or not hearings will
be held.
Discussing the latter of hearings. Mrs.
Norton said further:
“If the members or the House Dis
trict Committee want to Have Hearings
on the bill submitted by the District
Commissioners, it is all right with me.
and I will not attempt to force through
this legislation.
“Of course, if the people of the Dis
trict want to have hearings and more
delicate and mature consideration of
this measure, I will be guided by their
wishes. My own opinion had been that
it was desirable to get a law in the
District to control the trade in legal
liquor as soon as possible in order that
the revenue from such sales should go
into the District funds instead of to a
neighboring State. However. I will work
(Continued on Page 2, Column 6.)
President of North American Co.
Was Native of Boston—Had
Varied Utility Career.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, December 30—Prank
L. Dame, chairman of the board and
president of the North American Co.,
public utility holding company, died
early today at his home In Garden City,
Long Island, from a stroke of apoplexy.
He was 67 years old.
He was bom In Boston and was a
graduate of Massachusetts Institute of
Technology. He was formerly associated
with public utility enterprises in Port
land Oreg.; Vancouver. British Colum
bia: Seattle and Tacoma, Wash., and
Dubuque, Iowa. He was also a vice
president of the Electric Bond & Share
Co. and president of the Central States
Electric Corporation. He had been with
the North American Co. since 1920.
He is survived by his widow, the form
er Mary Elizabeth Elvidge. and three
sons. Funeral services will be held
Monday. . ——4-*
■ ■■■
Fountain Pen Breaks
Two Ribs as Friends
Embrace Eaeh Other
By the Associated Press.
NEW BERN. N. C. Decem
ber 30— They were old friends
and they hadn’t met in a long
Charles L. Abernethy, jr.. son
of the North Carolina Repre
sentative. playfully put his arms
around his old pal. George
Holland, on a street corner.
His arms pressed against a
fountain pen. The fountain pen
pressed Holland's ribs. Two were
Young Abernethy is a former
collegiate wrestler.
Mrs. Marsalis, Helen Richey
Give Up in Face of Squalls
After 237 Hours.
By the Associated Press.
MIAMI. Fla., December 30—Ex
hausted from battling rain squalls and
choppy winds, Frances Marsalis and
Helen Richey landed at 10:45 a m. to
day, completing the longest sustained
flight for women, 237 hours and 52
minutes. ,
The women took off December 20
from the Municipal Airport and equalled
the previous record of 8 days, 4 hours
and 5 minutes at 5:08 p.m. Thurs
day, establishing the new mark cfficialiy
one hour later.
The flyers came In with a graceful
landing in the face of a brisk wind.
A cheer rolled up from the spectators
ar.d the flyers waved back. The plane
taxied up to the airport administration
building for an official welcome.
The flyers were guided to the ground
by their refueling plane. They had re
quested this because of the long hours ]
in the air, Mrs. Marsalis feared, had
injured her depth perception.
first aenrute wora irom me nyers
of their intention to land today came
about 9 a.m., when Mrs. Marsalis drop
ped a note in which she said “We are
coming in.”
The decision was forced by a stormy
night that prevented the women from
gaining much needed rest, and the
tact that the motor had "gotten very
rough in the past 12 hours and gal
Glad to Land.
“It seems like this rain has been
going on tor years,” were Mrs. Marsalis’
first words as she lowered the plane's
side window.
“Am I glad to get down! What I
want most Is a bath, then some place
to eat where it isn’t so wobbly. Tlien
I want a good bed,” she continued,
"I’m plenty fed up on enduring and
there will be no more of this for me.
“Boy. I certainly am glad to be back
on earth.”
Miss Richev chimed In to say:
"All that goes for me, too.”
Mrs. Marsalis asked her ground crew:
"When do we get out of this hole?”
1 referring to the cockpit.
"I'm plenty tired of it.”
Spirits Aloft.
The flyers looked in high spirits and
good condition despite the long hours
in the air. They then entered an auto
mobile and were taken to their hotel.
When Karl Voelter, technical adviser
for the flight, congratulated her on the
good landing. Mrs. Marsalis said:
"I didn’t think I would be able to
make a very good job of it. I have
been in the air so long that I thought
I had lost all conception of distance.
"Anyway. I'm mighty glad that we
set a new woman's endurance record.”
“I’m mighty glad, too,” Miss Richey
said, “and didn’t mind it so much when
the weather was good, but last night
was terrible.”
Mrs. Marsalis was dressed in a tan
flying outfit and Miss Richey In white
Guide for Readers

Amusements .B-12
Features .B-7
Finance .A-8-9
Lost and Found.A-7
1 Radio .B-0
Serial Story .B-ll
Sports .B-4-5
Churches .B-2-3-6
Real Estate |.B-I
Concedes Also That Wage
Fixing Aids—Observes His
60th Birthday.
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK. December 30.—A1
Smith celebrated his 60th birthday an
niversary today with an interview in
his office at which he "hoped to God
I live to be 90.”
Sitting behind a huge birthday cake
in his office in the Empire State
Building, the former Governor of New
York and one-time Democratic nominee
for the presidency said:
"There's a decided better business
condition and I am locking forward to
a still better rise beginning with the
new year.”
He thought repeal had stepped up
business, but he attributed most of the
improvement to general restoration of
purchasing power.
Sees Natural Law Working.
He was asked to what he attributed
the restoration of purchasing power. '
He answered quickly:
"Why, to the operation of natural
economic laws.”
With just a little hesitation, he added
“and unquestionably to the reduction of
hours brought about by the national in
dustrial recovery act and to fixing of
minimum wages ”
The former Governor appeared at his
office promptly at 11 a m., the hour of
his appointment with reporters and
photographers. He wore his famous
brown derby, a heavy fur-lined over
coat, and his face was ruddy from the
He said the cold would not stop him
from taking a usual Saturday afternoon
walk from the Empire State Building
through Central Park, where, he said,
“I still own one of the monkies.”
Dodges Political Query.
He passed out cigars, asked the news
caper men to publicize hjs thanks to
his friends and well-wishers for the
thousands of birthday greetings sent
to him. and then parried the first ques
tion with the dictum:
"Politics is out the window.”
He explained that the brown derbv
was not donned only for the occasion
of his birthday.
“They often nick me for an auto
graphed derby to raffle off in charities.”
he said, "but" I usually have one in re
"How does it feel to be 60?” he was
"Feels all ri£ht.” he said. "I don’t feel
old. The only thing that makes me
feel old some times is to see my grand
children getting so big.”
"Think you’ll live to 90?”
"I hope to Goa I live that long,” he
replied. "I feel all right today."
Sobeloff, TT. S. Attorney tor Mary-1
land. Given Power to Settle Dis
putes Arising in Baltimore.
By the Associated Press.
BALTIMORE. December 30.—Simon
E. Sobeloff, United States attorney for
Maryland, has been named arbitrator
over the Baltimore clothing manufr.c
turing industry in an agreement reached
yesterday by representatives ef the Bal
timore Clothing Manufacturers' Associa
tion and the Amalgamated Clothing
Workers of America.
The agreement prohibits strikes and
lockouts and confers upon the arbi
trator sole power to settle disputes
with no appeal possible from his de
cisions. It culminated negotiations
which began last July following nu
merous disputes between employers and
The arbitration agreement is the first
one of city-wide scope ever negotiated
In Baltimore.
Desperado Severely Wounded
Fleeing Officers Shortly
Before Capture.
Led Break From Kansas Prison
and Was Wanted for Slaying
cf Frank Nash.
By the Associated Press.
SHAWNEE, Okla., December 30.—
Dazed and bleeding, Wilbur Underhill,
Southwestern desperado, was captured
here shortly after 7 a m. today.
A squad of officers, largely Oklahoma
City police, found him in a small fur
niture store in the heart of the busi
ness district. He offered no resistance.
He had broken into the store in an
effort to elude pursuers alter being
wounded dangerously a few hours be
fore in escaping from a house sur
rounded by a posse.
The captured man was taken to Mu
nicipal Hospital, where physicians said
he had only slight chance of recovery.
He was suffering from wounds in the
back, left arm, right leg and scalp.
Underhill was one of two leaders of
the Memorial day break of 11 prisoners
from the Hamas Penitentiary at
Clad in Underwear.
He had escaped from the house clad
only in his underwear in a shower of
machine gun bullets. Ft. H. Colvin.
Federal agent, said he fired a machine
gun at the man through a rear window
of the house and that the man fell.
Later the man ran from the house
through the front door and was shot
at again by officers armed with shot
guns. He fell again, but got up and
ran into a plowed field nearby.
A man and a weman in the house
were wounded.
Officers tentatively identified the
woman as Ella Mae Nichols or Eccels.
She was shot in the stomach and her
condition was described as critical by
physicians at a hospital.
The man, identified by police as Ray
mond Roe. was wounded slightly in
the right shoulder.
A second woman captured was iden
tified by officers as Hazel Hudson, Un
derhill's bride.
Underhill, known as the “Lone Wolf"
and the “Tri-State Terror." was serv
- Ilf. f eUn of
Merle Colver. Wichita. Kans.. police
man, when he escaped last May 30.
Wanted for Murder of Bot.
He was reported to have been one
of two leaders of the break, the other
being Harvey Bailey, captured in Texas
and now in the Leavenworth Federal
Penitentiary serving a life sentence on
conviction of participation in the $200 -
000 ransom abduction of Charles F.
Urschel, Oklahoma oil millionaire.
Underhill also is wanted for the mur
der of a boy at Picher, Okla., and es
caped from the Oklahoma State Peni
tentiary at McAlester in August, 1931,
while serving for the murder of a
Jfuskogee, Okla., soda fountain at
Underhill also was wanted for the
slaying of convict Frank Nash and four
officers on the Kansas City Union Sta
tion Plaza last June 17 in a plot to
liberate Nash. A Government agent,
Raymond Caffrey, was one of those
Numerous bank robberies and lesser
crimes are charged up to Underhill,
who operated mostly in the section of
hills and rugged country in South
western Missouri. Northwestern Arkan
sas and Northeastern Oklahoma.
All the 11 who escaped from the
Kansas prison have been captured or
<.Continued on Page 2, Column 4,>
French Ambassador to Germany
Takes Rejection of Hitler
Proposal to Berlin.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, December 30.—Prance's re
fusal of Chancellor Hitler’s disarma
ment proposals was taken to Berlin to
day by Andre Francois-Poncet, Am
bassador to Germany.
At the same time Joseph Paul-Bon
cour, minister of foreign affairs, reiter
ated the French “determination” to
stand by the League of Nations and to
negotiate disarmament through its
Tile foreign minister said "direct
talks'' will continue but through the
ambassadors, not through "sensational
encounters" between premiers.
He referred to “the noble speech of
President Roosevelt" In reaffirming that
France, Belgium, England and the little
entente — Rumania. Yugoslavia and
Czechoslovakia—have agreed that the
League "will emerge victorious from the
present difficulty.”
He asserted that “events justify”
French confidence in the League. “We
are on the right road." said Faul-Bon
cour, “and we are determined to con
By the Associated Press.
MIAMI BEACH, Fla., December 30.
—Listen to a person's laugh and you
can size up his character—that’s the
theory of Dr. George C. Williams, for
mer President of Ithaca College, New
York teacher training school.
The so-called "horse laugh"—laugh
ing on the broad “a”—reveals a lack
of mentality and spirituality. Dr. Wil
liams told members of a club.
The normal and healthy person
laughs with the Italian sound of “a,”
while ^prriment an the long “a" de
' 1
notes an attempt to conceal self-con
A short "a" Is a cackling sound and
shows an eccentric and vicious char
Passing along in the alphabet to “e,”
the long sound of this letter is a fem
inine laugh used by both men and
women, while the short “e” reveals a
sarcastic temperament.
The long “o” is the sound of a robust
out-of-door person and the short "o”
denotes that the person is a good
eater and drinker. The long “u” Is
that of the diplomatic old lady, while
Its opposite constitutes a hearty chuckle.
t- »
Cost of Living Study Ex
pected to Reveal Advances
That Will Bring Boost.
New Executive Order May Be Be
layed for Time, but Applies as
of January 1.
The cost of living study which will
serve as a basis for Government pay,
starting January 1, will go to President
Roosevelt from the Labor Department
late today and there was a feeling in
official quarters th,s morning that it
will reflect advances that will permit
some lightening of the 15 per cent cut
that has been in eflect since April 1.
The data have all been whipped into
shape, but last-minute revisions were
deemed necessary, and these, it was said,
wculd be completed in the course cf the
day. so the study could be turned over
to the chief Executive before nightfaU.
Essentials Get Emphasis.
Basis for the belief the figures would
show relief is called for in the pay sit
uation seemed to lie in the fact that
particular emphasis has been placed in
the survey on prices of the vital ne
cessities of life; that these have been
given far more weight than has been
the case in previous living cost investi
gations. Concurrently, prices of non
essentials have been subordinated. In
other words, the study has dealt pri
marily ?ith those things which every
ono must buy. and only then Has taken
into consideration items which might
ordinarily be purchased.
When the pay cut was instituted, the
15 per cent was applied against a living
cost index that was around 23 per cent
lower than the figure for the last six
months of 1928. which was the compar
ative base used. It was conceded later
by the President, however, in ordering
the new survey, that some outmoded
items had entered into the first calcu
lations and in consequence the current
study got away from those obsolete
Order May Br Delayed.
Irrespective of whether the pay Is
raised or held at the present level, a
new executive order must be Issued to
cover, but It is not certain if this will
be forthcoming immediately or will bs
held up for a few days.
Ordinarily, it would not be incumbent
on the President to decide until along
about the middle of the month, when
the time comes for preparation of the
January 15 pay roll However, it has
been pointed out, the intervening period
will see the customary separations from
the Federal service, and it will be neces
sary that the figure be fixed in order
that the pay of such persons may be
disbursed correctly.
Other Aspects Watched.
Meanwhile, with the opening of Con
gress just a few days away, interest is
turning on the fate of all economy
legislation which has been iu effect in
one form or another since July of 193J.
While appropriations for next year are
being drafted on a basis that calls for
only a 5 per cent pay restoration, thus
making the cut 10 instead of 15 per
cent, sentiment is developing in Con
gress fer full restoration.
Removal of other restrictions also is
being agitated, but as yet there has
been no inkling of what the adminh
tration may have in mind. In an in
formed quarter, it was said that no
definite decision has been reached on
policies, and that any statement to
the contrary Is guesswork.
President Roosevelt is understood still
to be wosking on his message that will
accompany the budget, and net until
that is completed, is it felt, will the
course for the next year be charted.
Immediate restoration of the basic
pay rates is called for in a three-point
program for bettering Government
working conditions that has been pre
sented to each member of Congress by
the National Legislative Council of Fed
eral Employe Organizations.
Ask Rights Be Restored.
The other two items are elimination
of the cost-of-living basis for fixing pay
scales and restoration of promotion
rights which have been suspended for
the past 18 months.
"In the interest of all the people,” the
council's statement concludes, "the Gov
ernment of the United States should
inaugurate employment policies for its
own personnel which will serve as a
real example to all private employers.”
Member organizations of the National
Legislative Council, representing a. sub
stantial majority of all organized Fed
eral employes, are the National Fed
eration of Federal Employes, United Na
tml Association ol Post Office Ms,
National Rural Letter Carriers’ Asso
ciation. National Association of Postal
Supervisors. National Federation of
Post Office Motor Vehicle Employes and
National Association of Fost Office
Mayor-elect of New York Proposes
Reorganization as Economy
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK, December 30.—Mayor
elect Fiorello H. La Guardia and his ad
visers have drawn up a bill to be pre
sented before the Legislature at Albany
giving the mayor powers in the city
similar to those given President Roose
velt for the Nation by Congress last
The purposes of the proposed act were
outlined by friends of the city adminis
tration in the following reforms to b>
brought about by centering unquestioned
authority in the mayor to eSect
them. They are reorganization of thi
pension funds; setting up of an ef
ficient central purchasing department
suspension of mandatory salary in'
creases for city employes; cutting dowi
of useless police details; retirement ot
employes over 70 years of age; reduc
tion of all excessive salaries; reorgan
ization of the ferry service; elimina
tion of city advertising in newspapers;
abolition of the city broadcasting sta
tion, WNYC; complete power to merge
city departments, and abolish useless
r —»
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