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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 30, 1933, Image 2

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New Hypodermic Reported
Used Successfully in “Re
calling” Sinking Persons.
Bv the Associated Press.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass.. December 30.—
A new hypodermic which promises to
call back from the verge of death per
sons suffering from too much alcohol,
drowning, electric shock, surgical shock
and asphyxia was announced to the
American Association for th# AdlflllCfi*
ment of Science today.
It has been used successfully already
to restore quickly to life and health
a man moribund from too much anes
thetic during an operation. It was
developed first for this kind of •'recall’’
of persons who had sunk too deeply
under anesthesia.
The treatment was described by Wai
ter V. MacGilvra. D. D. S.. of the
Harvard University Dental School. The
treatment lias a new Greek name,
Palinesthesia. The hypodermic is in
travenous injection of minute amounts
ol hydrochloric acid.
He termed the Injection a -recall
acid'' and said investigations are plan
ned to discover whether there may be
other similar acids which might pos
sess life-restoring powers perhaps over
more range.
The treatment is still so new that
the proper doses of hydrochloric acid
have not all been standardized. But
In an emergency at Worcester Me
morial Hospital last July he said it
was used for the first time upon man.
No 111 Effects Seen.
The patient. Dr. MacGilvra said, was
"moribund." due to unexpected effects
of an anesthetic. The hydrochloric
acid was injected at 10:15 a m. Eight
minutes later lips began to twitch, in
10 the hands moved; in 40 minutes the
patient was talking coherently.
Repeated studies of this patient since,
said Dr. MacGilvra, have failed to dis
close any ill effects of the acid. It has
been tried also upon six human beings
who were not dying, but used to study
Its effectiveness.
In all these cases the "recall acid
speeded up respiration immediately, in
creased blood pressure and pulse, res
tored lost reflexes. It kept some of
them awake afterward, which was an
noying.
The after-sickness common to opera
tions was cut down, and the patients
were hungTy sooner. The research at
Harvard Dental School is thus far con
fined to rabbits, cats, dogs and monkeys,
(.nnflrms thp priori effects found on
human beings.
"Should we be permitted to speculate
on other possibilities," said Dr. Mac
Gilvra. "for life-sating with this idea
in medication, we would suggest the
sobering effect on the over-indulgent
alcoholic, impending death from drown
ing. severe electric shock, surgical
shock, asphyxia, accidental, industrial
or Intentional, from asphyxiating gases
and resuscitation of the newborn may
be benefited from its use.
"From our limited experience we
believe that palinaesthesia, may be a
life-saving measure on occasions sug
gested above, when the usual proced
ures have failed."
Diet for Longer Life.
A new diet route to longer life was
suggested today in discoveries reported
from Cornell University.
Rats in the nutrition laboratory there
have nearly doubled the length of their
lives by feeding of the young with re
duced rations. The experiments were
reported by Dr. C. M. McCay and Miss
Mary F. Crowell.
A suggestion that human beings may
likewise increase the lengths of their I
lives to a lesser extent by the same
kind of feeding was made in this
statement: i
"Modern practice of nutrition applied
in rearing both children and animals I
assumes that the diet which produces |
the most rapid growth in the young is
the best for insuring the optimum
health and longevity of the adult."
This according to the Cornell scien
tists proves untrue. Longevity and
maximum growth, they state “are in
compatible." There is an evident
drawback as far as humans are con
cerned if such a diet works as with rats
Every period of the rat lives was
about equally prolonged. Thus the 1
young did not mature into adult size
until their "youth” had been prolonged
several times the normal length.
Causes of Fatigue.
New discoveries about the causes of
fatigue, showing that an important dif- i
fercnce between a strong man and a
weakling apparently is that one has a
greater capacity for intake of oxygen
than the ether, were announced by Dr.
D B. Dill of Harvard.
Capacity for intake of oxygen has,
been found to vary widely among differ- j
ent individuals, he told the association. I
One man's system may be able to |
eimnlv him w ith noarlu 9 nnnrt* of I
oxygen per minute for hours at a time,
while others may receive only a hall or
a third as much, he has found.
In fatigue experiments at the Harvard
fatigue laboratory it was found that a
dog can do more work than a man be
cause its body has a superior mechanism
for transporting oxygen throughout its
system.
The fuel supply a man takes in—the
kind of material in his food—also
may play a part in limiting the amount
of work he can do in a day, it was dis
covered For hard work a large supply
of carbohydrates or sugars is necessary.
Heat Influences IVork.
Another thing which governs a man's
capacity for work and the speed at
which he become* fatigued is the rate
at which the heat generated by his body
can be dissipated. When the air Is full
of moisture—when humidity is high—
it is more difficult for the body to lose
heat and a breakdown of the circulation
system may take place. Under oppo
site conditions of extreme dry heat a
circulation breakdown also may take
place because the body loses an exces
sive amount of salt in the perspiration.
This is because as the dissipation of
heat becomes more difficult an increas
ing proportion of the blood Is shifted
from the working muscles to the skin,
and so cannot perform properly the task
of transporting oxygen through the
body where it is needed.
Not more than fifth of the energy in
food is converted into mechanical
energy, experiments showed. The rest
goes into heat production.
BYRD IN ANTARCTIC
Flagship, Beyond Grip of Gales,
Heads Southeast.
ABOARD ADMIRAL BYRD'S FLAG
RHIP OFT1 ANTARXICA, December 28
(Delayed), (Via Mackay Radio). (i*P).—
The flagship of Rear Admiral Richard
E. Byrd's Antarctic expedition, out of
the grip of gales and fog which have
hampered progress for days, was within
the Antarctic Circle today, headed In a
southeasterly direction.
The ship’s position was latitude 67.30
south, longitude 133.10 west.
CALLES WILL RESIGN'
MEXICO, D. F„ December 30 OP).—
Gen. Plutarco Elias Calles will resign
January 1 as secretary of finance, said
an official statement yesterday made by
Eduardo Vasconcelos, secretary of state.
Dr. Manuel Puig Casauranc, secre
tary of foreign relations, now on his
way to Mexico from the Pan-American
Conference, is being mentioned in of
ficial circles es Calles' probable suc
cessor.
t I
What’s What
Behind News
in
White House Confident,
but Makes No 1934
Prophecies.
BY PAUL MALLO.N.
President Roosevelt Js not ducking
New Year prophecies because he is
glum.
The truth is he is very optimistic.
His own private economic soothsayers
have told him the prospects of better
business ire excellent for the coming
year. They are banking heavily on an
unexpectedly strong Spring rise.
Their own rock-bottom estimate is
that the average tor 1934 should be at
least 10 to 15 per cent better than this
year.
Those "predictions will never get
into print officially. Word has been
passed down to Government offi
cials that they must suppress their
inward prophetical urges, and, if
they cannot master them entirely,
]or heaven s sake keep their opti
mism under control.
The cue for them was furnished by
the President himself In his regular
chat with newsmen early this week.
He said he noticed that all the private
prophets are foreseeing bigger and better
things for 1934. but that they have been
wrong so often he did not intend to
join them.
Past Experience a Guide.
He could have added that most of the
Government officials who tried to enter
the field of prophecy experienced just
about the same lack of success as Mr.
Hoover did with his "around the cor
ner" statements.
i
1_U_U.i—.—
Two most notable examples are the
lavish predictions made early in the
game by officials in charge of the
N. R. A. and P. W. A.
The best of business prophecies are
nothing more than expert guesses. Too
many things can happen which it is
impossible to foresee in advance.
At present the economic experts think
they can see that Spring rise very
clearly. They are as sure of it as
they are that the flowers will come.
Beyond Spring no one can see with
any degree of accuracy.
The only real danger signals now
flying concern financing, both public
and private. Nearly a billion and a
half of corporate bonds <mostly
public utilities) will have to be re
financed during the coming year.
That is exclusive of railroad bonds,
with which the Government is try
ing to lend a hand.
The extent of Government financing
is Indeterminate. There is an under
lying fear in some places that In the
coming session Congress will try to
spend too much, hoping to force in
flation that way.
Climax Due by April.
The climax on these matters 'will
hardly be reached before April.
The administration is veering around
on its budget publicity. At first it
talked optimistically about the expected
billion-dollax surplus in the regular
budget. Now it is talking pessimistically
about a billlon-dollar deficit to be ex
pected in both budgets.
It is really the same song sung in
two different keys.
The truth is that the budget is writ
ten in such a flexible manner that you
can make music out of it in nearly any
key. Like Piccolo Joe, it can sing a
high note as well as a low one.
The latest version prescribes that
a distinction be made between ap
propriations and actual expenditures.
Instead of counting the P. W. A. at
three billions, you count only what
the P. W. A. will actually spend be
fore June 30 next year. That is
fair and logical, but very confusing.
It will cut the total expected deficit,
but no one will know how much
until next June 30.
iiif
L«,
It Is further proof that the only
accurate way to consider the Govern
ment financial situation now is to look at
commitments and expectations broadly
over a period of years.
The yearly budget is only one corner
of the full picture.
Officials Are Glowering.
The N. R. A. and C. W. A. officials are
glowering at each other backstage. The
stories that leaked out only partially
described the real feeling about the
C. W. A. paying higher wages than the
N. R. A. codes provided.
The N. R. A. conducted a survey and
found that in nearly every case ex
amined the C W. A. wage scale was
higher for a particular type of work
than the minimum in the codes. The
C. W. A. people say the industrialists
told the N. R. A. that, and it is not
true. Nevertheless Johnson announced
he had submitted a memo to the
President.
The split is serious, so serious that
the old rumors are going around
again that Gen. Johnson will leave
the N. R. A. nrithin a month or tivo.
He is the most resigned man in the
administration since William Woodin
unofficially resigned the Treasury
job.
Like the Woodin story, this one will
some day come true.
A big real estate promoter from the
Middle West recently appeared before
the Senate Stock Market Committee to
testify about his activities. He told of
million-dollar deals he had transacted.
He never mentioned any sum of less
than a million.
Wired for Expense Money.
Forty-eight hours after he returned
home the committee received a tele
jram demanding $65 expense money and
witness fees to which he was entitled.
It appears that while he had millions
In 1929, he can use car fare now.
The way old-time saloons are
springing up in some wet States is
getting to be embarrassing for the
White House because the Democratic
platform pledged abolition of the sa
loon. Yet liquor now is supposed to
be a State problem, in which Mr.
Roosevelt cannot interfere.
Saloons in nearby Baltimore are far
different from the old-timers. At least
half the male patrons in the best ones
rre accompanied by their wives or^trl
friends, which creates quite a different
atmosphere.
A champion of the downtrodden
farmers, who is coming to Washington
to meet Secretary Wallace, is a Mr.
Robin Hood, secretary of the American
Institute of Co-operation
Although it has been officially denied,
Mr. Roosevelt will ask Congress for
about $400,000,000 mare capital for the
deposit Insurance Corporation.
EXECUTIVE POWERS
ON TREATIES ASKED
New Congress to Get Pro
posal Allowing Give-and
Take Pacts.
By the Associated Press.
A plan, under which President Roose
velt hopes to sprinkle trade reciprocity
treaties around the world, was under
preparation by the administration to
day and will be submitted to Congress.
In one quarter the plan was described
as intended to allow the Chief Exec
utive to make slits in the tariff walls
around the United States, through in
dividual give-and-take treaties, with
out having to submit each separate pact
to the Senate for ratification.
Simultaneously it was disclosed that
despite a heavy round of diplomatic
negotiations, probably the smallest crop
of treaties in recent yeais will be sent
to the Senate when Congress conevenes
—less than 10 being slated for the trip
to the Capitol.
President Roosevelt himself disclosed
i yesterday his Intention of making cer
tain tariff proposals to Congress. At
the White House the details of his
program were kept under cover.
In other quarters, however, it was
confirmed that rather than raise or
lower the tariff barriers as a whole Mr.
Roosevelt hopes to alter past policy by
w hat has been officially described as a
“Yankee trading" plan.
Most important in the list of treaties
to go to the Senate, except possibly the
renewed effort for ratification of the
St. Lawrence waterway pact, is the re
cently concluded •'model” treaty of
reciprocity between the United States
and Colombia.
Under its terms, coffee and certain
other Colombian products are to be ad
mitted duty free ior a period of two
years in return for Colombian conces
sions on certain American Droducts.
Exact terms of the treaty will not be
made public until after its approval bv
both the American and Colombian Con
gresses. State Department officials be
lieve it contains nothing which would
impede its ratification.
On its speedy approval, however, de
pends to some extent the progress of
similar pacts now under negotiation
with Sweden, Portugal and Argentina,
Secretary of State Hull, now en route
to Washington from Montevideo, signed
several treaties while at the Pan-Ameri
can Conference.
One. the Lamas peace pact, may bring
a review of the policy of the United
States in Pan-American countries from
especially interested Senators.
In an appeal to Pan-American na
tions to sign five different peace pacts
all of which lacked at least one signa
ture, Secretary Hull also pledged ratifi
cation by the United States of the gen
eral treaty of inter-American arbitra
tion. signed at Washington in 1929.
The secretary also is bringing back
from the Montevideo Conference a
treaty granting equal rights of nation
ality to women. The American delega
tion at first withheld its approval, but
later capitulated after feminine protests.
Other treaties to be presented to the
Senate Include the multilateral radio
convention, signed at Madrid on Decem
ber 9, 1932: the convention signed be
tween the United States and Canada in
December, 1933, exempting American
and Canadian vessels in sheltered waters
(particularly in Puget Sound! from pro
visions of the London load line conven
tion: and the copyright convention,
signed at Rome in 1928.
IEN DIE AS PLANE
Passengers and Crew of
British Craft Burned to
Death in Belgium.
By the Associated Press.
BRUSSELS. December 30.—Ten per
sons, eight of them passengers, were
killed when the Imperial Airways Lon
don-bound plane Apollo crashed in a
fog near R.uysseld£, between Os tend, and
Rrii trpg tfirinv
The machine caught fire and the pas
senger*. pilot and wireless operator were
burned to death.
All of the passengers were reported to
be British subjects.
The plane was flying on the Cologne
Brussels-London route.
The disaster occurred at 1:05 pm.
The plane was flying from Brussels
when It crashed into the mast of a
wireless stetion at Ruysselede in a fog.
The mast was broken in half from
the force of the impart.
As the machine hit the ground, spec
tators ran to the assistance of those
trapped inside the fuselage, but a fierce
outburst of flames drove them back.
The occupants had no chance to
escape from the cabin and the plane
was consumed rapidly by the gasoline
fed fire. t
Of the eight passengers, three boarded
the plane at Cologne and the other five
at Brussels.
Capt. Gittings. the pilot, wos an
Englishman. The wireless operator also
was English, as. It was believed, were
all eight passengers, with the possible
exception of M. Albemi, a business man.
whose nationality, it was thought, may
have been Polish.
The Imperial Airways announced the
passenger list as follows: Miss Dismond,
Mr. Grein, Mr. Perry, or Perri; Mr.
Brown. Mr. Halperin, Mr. Schroeder,
C. A. Young and Mr. Mes. The other
victims were Capt. Gittings and Fly
ing Engineer H. G. Loch.
O’DONOVAN POST FILLED
Hobert Brennan Coming Here as
Irish Legation Secretary.
DUBLIN. Irish Free State, December
30 (A*).—Robert Brennan, manager of
the Irish Press, government organ, has
been designated secretary of the Irish
Free State legation in Washington, it
was understood today, succeeding Col
man J. O'Donovan, appointed secretary
to Berlin.
Brennan has been closely connected
with the national movement. He led
the Wexford volunteers in the 1916 in
surrection and was sentenced to death
by British authorities, but the sentence
was later commuted to one of penal
servitude.
-m
Lawyer Charged With Theft.
HOUSTON, Tex., December 30 (jP).—
Charles E. Heidingsfelder. sr., attorney,
who reported to police Christmas day
he was robbed of $34,500 in cash held
in trust for Mrs. Adele Pipkin of New
York, was formally charged with felony
embezzlement, theft by bailee and fel
ony theft late yesterday.
GOLD CONFISCATION
POWERS DEBATED
Some Treasury Officials Be
lieve Morgenthau Has
Authority to Act.
By the Associated Press.
A welter of speculation that the Gov
ernment might call Into the Treasury
the vast store of gold now held by the
Federal Reserve banks drew private
opinions from several officials today
that the huge transaction could be
legally accomplished by the scratch of
a pen.
Some Treasury officials held the opin
ion that only a simple order by Actirg
Secretary Morgenthau would be needed
for the Government to draw the $3,500,
000.000 supply from the Reserve Sys
tern's vaults.
These legal advisers contended the
3ame emergency banking provision by
which Morgenthau has ordered in vir
tually all other monetary gold would
suffice.
Their opinion was by no means unan
imous. however, and there was indica
tion legal experts of the Federal Reserve
Board would question this view, consid
ering the issue decidedly open.
Declines Statement.
The acting Treasury chief himself
declined either to affirm or deny ru
mors that the administration was con
templating such a step. Questioned by
newspaper men late yesterday, he
turned aside from the matter with the
statement:
“I can't discuss that.”
The question of bringing In the en
tire gold supply is held by experts to
be of vital importance In the eventual
revaluation of the dollar President
Roosevelt has said would be undertaken
Legislation to accomplish the same end
has been drafted by Senator Thomas,
TlnmoriQ f r\t nirlohnma
Treasury experts who believe the
executive power sufficient to bring in
the reserve system's gold cite the pro
vision of the emergency banking act
under which Morgenthau has just acted.
It gives the Secretary the power—
whenever ne believes "such action Is
necessary to protect the currency sys
tem of the United States'—to call in
all monetary gold owned by "Individuals,
partnerships, associations and corpora
tions."
Argue Banks Are "Corporations.”
Experts pointed to the last word as
the key. arguing that the 12 Federal
Reserve Banks are "corporations" whose
stock is held by member banks. Con
sequently, they contend the system's
gold reserve—more than three-quarters
of the Nation's entire monetary stock
of the metal—could be commanded to
the account of the Treasury of the
United States.
Even those who indorse this legal
interpretation, however are willing to
j agree such a fundamental step might
| better be the subject of legislation.
■ Nevertheless, they believe Executive ac
1 tion might prove more efficient.
They point out an order by the
Secretary of the Treasury could be is
| sued at night, after all markets close,
and become effective immediately.
This would insure against violent fluc
tuations which might accompany con
gressional debate.
So far as administration spokesmen
are concerned, no official confirmation
has been given rumors of early devalu
ation of the dollar. A recent White
House remark indicated an interna
tional understanding on gold might
precede such a step.
Vigorous Criticism Seen.
On the other side of the question, it
was regarded as inevitable that a move
to bring in the Reserve System's gold
would arouse vigorous criticism from
such Republican spokesmen as Sen
ator Reed of Pennsylvania as well as
from the leading congressional mone
tary and banking authority of the
President's own party, Senator Glass
of Virginia.
Persons familiar with the financial
situation said it was likely that Federal
Reserve officials would also oppose such
a plan. The governors of the various
Reserve banks held *an unexpected
meeting here a week ago and not a word
of what was discussed was disclosed.
Those behind the plan argued that
the gold should be commandeered as a
step preliminary to revaluation of the
said eventually was to be undertaken.
They contend no more gold coins should
be minted and that the sold itself
should be Kept in bars as backing icr
paper currency.
Prof. George F. Warr»n. addressing
a meeting of economists Thursday, said
coinage should be discontinued perma
nently and that steps -.hould be taken
to guard the country's gold supply
against runs. In this connection, he
mentioned a plan for keeping- It In bars
of such size and value as to make pur
chase virtually impossible. He warned,
however, that “not too much" economic
benefit should be expected of *hls pro
gram.”
A price of $34 06 for domestic gold
was announced yesterday the same fig
ure that has prevailed since December
18 No price was announced today be
cause of the holiday.
WILBUR UNDERHILL,
FUGITIVE CONVICT,
HELD IN OKLAHOMA
(Continued From First Page!
slain, except Ed Davis. Davis, a >ank
robber, remains at large.
In the posse which surrounded Un
derhill in the house was Frank Smith.
Federal agent who escaped unscathed
from the Kansas City union station
shooting. Shortly after midnight the
posse visited the house and found It
empty. The officers returned aoout
2:30 am., and, finding it occupied,
surrounded the place.
Colvin and Clarence Hurt. Oklahoma
City policeman, went to a window
where a light was burning. Underhill,
clad in his underwear, was standing
near a bed and his wife was sitting cn
the bed. Hurt related.
“I said, ‘stick ’em up, Wilbur, it’s the
law’.”
Underhill whirled, grabbed a pistol
from a small table and fired through
the window'. Hurt said.
Underhill's first shot was the signal
for a shower of bullets from the of
ficers' weapons—machine guns, rifles,
shot guns and revolvers. Lead poured
into the bed room and into an adjoin
ing bed room that was dark. Rowe and
the woman were in the dark room.
Bonds Found in Pocket.
After Underhill fled, officers entered
the house. In his clothing was found
$5,300 in bonds of the Franklin Title &
Trust Co., of Kentucky.
Sheriff Stanley Rogers of Oklahoma
City led the posse that captured Un
derhill in the furniture store. Under
hill was found under covers in a bed.
“His body was completely riddled by
bullets,” said Sheriff Rogers. “How he
managed to keep going through that
machine gun fire and how he managed
to get that 16 blocks to the furniture
store Is beyond understanding.”
Officials learned that the wounded
woman’s real name is Eva Mae Nichols,
operator of a Seminole, Okla., beauty
parlor.
It was disclosed that Underhill had
visited the beauty parlor recently, going
there for treatment by a doctor, who
was called in. After he left th- place
officers receive! a ”11 r” S'r-t pHc! in
k.
LIQUOR SALE FOE
IRE THREATENED
Wilbur La Roe, Jr., Warned
of Death for Fight to
Restrict Rum.
An anonymous threat to "bump off”
Wilbur La Roe. jr.. if the Washington
Federation of Churches persisted In Its
opposition to the widespread sale of
liquor in the District was received at
the federation’s office, and is under in
vestigation by police. The Star learned
today.
Mr. La Roe is chairman of the Fed
eration's Committee on Civic Affairs.
As such he attended the public hearing
on liquor control legislation before the
District Commissioners and made i>n
earnest plea against allowing the <ale
of liquor in drug stores, where it would
subject boys and girls to unnecessary
temptation by “putting liquor under
their very noses,” and also asked that
the sale of liquor be not allowed within
1,500 feet of any church.
Aikfd Thorough Hearing.
More recently Mr. La Roe wrote to
Senators King and Couzens, asking
that, as Washington citizens are unrep
resented in Congress, very full hearings
be accorded them before any liquor
regulation measure for the District is
enacted. Mr. La Roe's letter to Senator
Couzens was published, in part, in Wed
nesday's Star, and he believes the
threat on Thursday was the direct re
sult of this publication.
The call was received at the federa
tion offices by Miss Virginia Francis, the
office secretary. A man. speaking with
what she described as a "cultured
voice,” asked to speak to Mr. La Roe
Miss Francis Informed the caller that
Mr La Roe was in New York.
"When he comes back,” said the
voice, "tell him he had better quit
fighting this liquor bill or he will be
bumped off ”
Miss Francis said that she replied
that the caller had better transmit
such a message to Mr. LaRoe himself.
Girl Also Threatened.
mat wiu not De necessary, was the
reply, "and If you do not transmit it,
you'll get yours too." Here the caller
hung up. Miss Francis notified police
and gave Mr. La Roe the message when
he returned to town yesterday.
Discussing the telephone call today,
Mr. La Roe said that, assuming It was
genuine, and not a hoax, its only pos
sible result would be to redouble the
efforts to get liquor legislation that will
"at least protect our youth.”
"These people.” he said, "should real
ize that they are not dealing with any
personality, but with a representative
of 57.000 church people in Washington
who stand behind the Washington Fed
eration of Churches Such threats
could only serve to heighten the interest
i of the church people in their efforts
I to secure decent liquor regulation in this
| city.”
i JOHN NOBLE, ARTIST,
ILL WITH POISONING
I
I -
; Taken to New York Hospital After
i
Being in Coma for Four
Days.
By the Associated Press
NEW YORK, December 30— John
Noble, member of the National Acad
emy and internationally known artist,
was taken to Bellevue Hospital last
j night, where physicians said his con
| dition was serious as the result of pa
raldehyde poisoning.
Noble, hospital officials said, had
been in a coma for four days before
his physicians ordered him sent to the
hospital.
The artist, a native of Wichita. Kans.,
is 59 years old. At the hospital last
night it was said that he had been
treated for similar poisoning on other
occasions.
Noble is a graduate of the Cincinnati
Academy of Fine Arts.
He won the Carnegie prize from the
National Academy of Design In 1928.
He painted a portrait of Gov. Fergu
son for the State Capitol of Texas
and is represented in galleries through
out the world, including the National
Gallery at Washington.
RISING MERCURY
ANTICIPATED AFTER
NEW LOW RECORD
_i Continued From First Page.)_
cold wave broke all records, playing
havoc with shipping and causing more
than 100 deaths
Up-State New York and New England
residents, for instance, experienced tem
peratures as low as 40 and 48 below.
Temperatures tumbled to new sea
sonal lows In Virginia today, breaking
long-established records in some sec
tions and sending the mercury to new
Winter minimums throughout the
State, according to the Associated Press.
Soon after daybreak, however, rising
temperatures were blown in by a south
wind.
The coldest point reporting in the
State was Charlottesville, with a tem
perature of 8 degrees above zero.
Partial Relief.
Biting cold weather prevailed over
much of the East and part of the
South, but other sections rejoiced in
rising temperatures.
New York suffered in six below zero
cold, within seven degrees of its all
time record. The “shiver area" ex
tended over New England, Eastern New
York and South over the Atlantic States
to South Carolina.
Relief in the form of warmer
weather was promised for much of this
territory during the next day or two,
but the chances were that snow or
rain would also arrive, the weather
man said.
In New England, the cold was so
severe yesterday that no ships were able
to enter, the Boston Harbor. Three
deaths were blamed on the weather.
Hundreds of New Englanders were sent
to doctors and hospitals for treatment
for frost bite. At Fairfax, Vt.. the mer
cury sank to 46 below. Even the ink
in the thermograph at the Boston
Weather Bureau froze.
New Jersey reported one death, and
Baltimore saw temperature readings
of 9 above—a 14-year record for that
city. Ice ripped a hole in the Erricsson
Line steamer Louise, which grounded
in Chesapeake Bay.
Minus 60 in Ontario.
Eastern Canada was gripped by bitter
cold, and nearly a score of deaths were
attributed to the elements. Fires added
to the havoc, causing heavy property
losses. In some sections of Northern
Ontario, the temperature dipped to as
low as 60 below. A hard driven wind
sent three ships ashore along the New
foundland coast. Far up the north
eastern coast line, the schooner Hazel
T. Blackwood, with her crew of six, waz
icebound, with little hope of lreedom
before Spring.
Another disturbance was raging along
the coast of California. Nearly a acore
of ships fought a southeastern gale.
The coastwise liner Yale, out of San
Francisco, was long overdue at Los An
geles and was not expected to make
port until late today.
The Midwest, however, saw more mod
erate weather, with a further rise in
i "“err.tures prcdic^d for tcdry.
D. t RUM MEASURE
DELAY IS INDICATED
House and Senate Commit
tees Show Desire to Give
Bill Careful Study. *>
>Continued From First Page.)_
with the majority on the committee in
whatever they think best."
Kin* Waits Tax Study.
Senator King said lie lias not liad
time since the bill was submitted to
study the tax schedule and paas final
Judgment on it. but expressed this
general view of the tax angle.
“I had hoped the States and the Dis
trict of Columbia would not deem It
necessity to place any gallonage tax
on liquor. I would have preferred to
see the States leave the gallonage tax
as a source of revenue to the Federal
Government, the States to derive their
local revenue from a ayitem of high
license?. That was the system followed
generally prior to prohibition.
"I am anxious to prevent double tax
ation, as far as possible, by having
certain fields of taxation left either
to the Federal or local governments,
rather than to both. I would be will
ing, for example, to leave the taxation
of gasoline to the States. However, in
regard to the gallonage tax on liquor,
the States do not seem to be follow
ing the course I have suggested and
for that reason I am not prepared to
say at this time just what should be
done regarding taxes in the local bill.”
O. K.'s Sales Ban Radius.
Senator King expressed approval of
another last-minute addition to the bill,
establishing 600 feet as the radius to
be used in carrying out the plan of
rejecting applications for licenses In
residential areas If owners of 51 per
cent of the surrounding property object.
The schedule of taxes and license
fees recommended by the Commission
ers in the final draft of their bill follow:
Spirits. 50 cents a gallon: wines of
an alcoholic content of 14 per cent or
more. 50 cents a gallon: champagne and
other carbonated wines, even though
having less than 14 per cent alcoholic
content. 50 cents a gallon: light wines
of less than 14 per cent alcoholic con
tent. 20 cents a gallon, and alcohol,
$1 10 a gallon.
There is to be no sales tax on beer
under the proposed system.
l. i.. r\i.sin.
end rectifier*, $2,000 a year; wineries,
$500; distillers of alcohol, where more
than 50 per cent of the product is
used for non-beverage purposes, $1,000;
manufacturer* of beer, $2,500; whole
salers of all classes of alcoholic bever
ages, $1,500; wholesalers of beer. $750;
retailers of packaged liquors. $750: re
tailers of beer, $75: hotels, licensed for
on-sale consumption. $1,000; incorpo
rated clubs. $250; bona fide restaurants,
$500; marine vessels serving meals, $50
a month, or $500 a year; railroad din
ing cars or club car*. $5 a month: tav
erns. to be licensed to sell beer tor
consumption on the premises, $150 a
year; retail pharmacists selling spirits
on prescription. $25 a year, and a daily
permit for special occasions, such as
banquets, $5 a day: solicitors, $2 a year.
The licenses are to be effective from
February 1. TTiere Is to be a charge of
$25 for a transfer of license from one
party to another.
Schedule Approval Seen.
The sale* tax of 50 cents a gallon on
spirits is believed by District officials
to represent the ideas of President
Roosevelt. Adoption of the tax schedule
In the bill came after the Commissioners
had had several conferences with
Treasury officials.
While the Commissioners' bill is
based on the private license system,
there are members on both the House
and Senate District Committees who
favor the Government dispensary sys
tem. and the hearings are expected'to
develop a discussion of these two and
possibly other alternative plans.
Until the last day or so It appeared
likely that the House would rush the
District liquor control bill through as
soon as the formalities of opining the
session were out of thp way. There
had been no plans for House hearings.
It appeared today, however, that the
House committee might hold hearings,
as well as the Senate committee, which
has Intended for several weeks to fol
low that course.
JOHNSON CANCELS
SERVICE CHARGES
IN BANKERS’ CODE
* Continued Prom Flrit Page.)
this remark. Eugene R. Black. Gover
nor of the Federal Reserve Board, is
sued & statement commending the
charges as ,'nfces*ary for the success
of the banks and the iuccessful opera
tion of the codes.”
RANSOM PRAISES CHARGES.
Code Committee Head Says Levies
Would Prevent Losses.
ATLANTA, December 30 OP).—Ron
ald Ransom. Atlanta banker and chair
man of the National Banking Code
Committee, said yesterday a banking
service charge as proposed in the bank
code would prevent "operating losses.”
Ho called the charge an "important
step forward in the history of Amer
< rvn/4 ra jit $0 tlTAl ll/t nnt
reduce the total volume of check cur
rency in circulation, but would re
duce the "multiplicity or small or waste
ful transactions."
His statement follows:
"The general adoption of scientific
uniform cost accounting methods by
means of service charge schedules is
an important step forward in the his
tory of American banking. These
charges, ot course, do not necessarily
mean the collection of actual cash
charges from all customers or for every
transaction.
"Their primary purpose is to make
universal efficient methods of handling
banking operations that will prevent
operating losses to the banks which can
be accomplished In most cases through
larger average working balance or the
elimination of unnecessary transactions.
. "The general eflect will undoubtedly
be to give the country a more econom
ically conducted baking system as a
whole. It will not, I am confident, re
sult in cutting down the total volume
of check currency in circulation, but
will merely reduce the multiplicity of
small or wasteful transactions. In
other words the same amount of eco
nomic service will continue to be ren
dered by our checking system, but with
less trouble and at small cost."
COLD WEATHER HAMPERS
FIGHTING OF SHOP FIRE
Water Quickly Turns Into Ice in
Blaze at Xrupsaw Antique
Store.
Hampered by the bitter cold which
turned water into ice almost as It
struck, firemen last night battled for
more than an hour with a fire in the
antique furniture shop of Simon Knip
saw at 813 Market space.
One of the firemen, Thomas Mat
thews, who lives on the Columbia Pike
In nearby Virginia, was badly cut on
the leg by falling glass. Five stitches
were taken to close the wound at
Emergency Hospital.
The blaze originated on the top floor
of the three-story brick building and
ceused ■poroximatfly Cl.50)
1 f
Assassinated
ION G. DL'CA.
Rumanian premier who was slain yes
terday in Bucharest. —A. P. Photo.
iMfiS
Students Here Charging
Mistreatment by Police
May Parade Today.
Police officials were in the dark today
as to a proposed march on police head
quarters by a group ot delegates to the
National Conference on Students in
Politics, under leadership of Norman
Thomas, former Socialist candidate for
President, as a protest against alleged
mistreatment of delegates by police.
In a speech to the students last night,
Thomas promised to lead the group to
police headquarters today in protest
against the alleged attacking of a group
of the students yesterday by a group of
plainclothes men headed by Police
Lieut. Gustav Lautcn.
The convention is meeting at the
United States Chamber of Commerce.
Police denied reports that any stu
dents had been attacked or mistreated.
Lieut. H. W. Lineberg, head of the
Crime Prevention Bureau, said Lauton,
alone, went to a group of student pick
eters In front of a Seventh street store,
took their placards and told them to
move on. The students moved on with
out protest, Lieut. Lineberg said.
The group picketed the store of Harry
Kaufman, 1316 Seventh street, to test
an injunction obtained bv Kaufman
against picketing by a group of colored
persons In protest against his refusal
to hire colored labor.
Among the placards taken from the
youthful picketers were those reading:
"Kaufman Refuses Negro Help.'
"The New Deal Should Be a Fair
Deal."
"Negroes Buy Only Where They Can
Work."
Hear Editor* and Educator*.
The picketing group was made up of
representatives of the Intercollegiate
League for Industrial Democracy at
tending the convention, at which 11
student groups are represented.
Four educators and two editors
pointed out to the students this morn
ing theoretical means of achieving
their Utopian ideals
Devere Allen, editor of World To
morrow. discussed pacifism as the way:
Jay Lovestone. editor of Workers Age,
pointed to revolution In his address,
and Clyde Eagleton. professor of gov
ernment at New York University, de
scribed his means as ''Evolution.”
Wallace B. Donham, dean of the
Harvard Business School, discussed na
tional self-sufficiency, while, almost
diametrically opposed, Arnold Wolfers,
Yale government professor, told of the
merits of "International Co-operation.”
An idealistic "World Society” was the
topic of another address by Henry
Ward, professor of Christian ethics at
Union Seminary.
Socialist Hits New Deal.
The new deal was the object of more
criticism last night at the opening ses
sion of the conference, when Thomas,
the Socialist leader, speaking to the
group, said:
'The codes are unsatisfactory, Your
new deal is only another version ef the ;
old Hoover share-the-work program.
•‘The failure to impose and enforce
codes has brought out a spirit of arro
gance, typified by Henry Ford, who has
locked out workers at Chester, Pa., and
Edgewater, N. J.. simply because they
had faith in the one good feature of
the new deal—collective bargaining.”
Robert Minor, Communist candidate
for mayor of New York City in the last
election, compared capitalism with
slavery.
Finally, after William E. Sweet, for
mer Colorado Governor and now an
N. R. A. employe, had praised Presi
dent Roosevelt and Thomas R. Amlle,
Farmer-Labor leader, had said the
President’s efforts "to stabilize capital
ism” would faU, Eugene Meyer, pub
lisher of the Washington Post, took the
floor.
"I have no plan for the salvation of
the world.” he said simply, stimulating
a burst of applause.
He concluded the speech making by
saying the overthrow of social orders
often results In the responsible ideal
ists becoming •'hardshelled reaction
aries."
Round table discussions were s'^d
uled lor this afternoon, and & play
"The American Plan.” by Hallie Flan
agan and Mary St. John, will be pre
sented before the convention tonight.
The conference will close tomorrow
afternoon. These organizations are
participating:
The Committee on Militarism in Edu
cation, Intercollegiate Council on In
ternational Co-operation, International
Student Service, League for Industrial
Democracy. League of Nations Associa
tion. National Council of Student
Christian Associations. National Stu
dent Council, Y. W. C. A.; National
Student Federation of America, Na
tional Student League, American Stu
dent Union, Young Men’s Christian
Association, student division; War Reg
isters’ League, Student Enrollment
Committee.
CONVENTFIREFOUGHT
AT 50 DEGREES BELOW
Six Hundred Pupils and Nuns Ab
sent as Flames Race Through
Historic School.
By the Associated Press.
THREE RIVERS, Quebec, December
30.—Flames Taced through old St.
Phillippe Convent here today and
threatened to destroy the building de
spite efforts of firemen braving sub
zero weather to fight the fire.
Six hundred girl pupils of the pri
mary school and the Ursullne nuns in
charge were absent from the building
on account of the New Year holiday.
It was nearly 50 below zero when the
firemen turned out and rushed througn
the bitter cold to combat the flames.
Failure of the city water pressure duo
to the extreme cold hampered them.
Chief Jules Vachon, head of the city
fire department, aald he had little hop?
of saving the convent, valued on
. TcipaJ, lists at $180,0.0.
Administrator Sees Bright
Future in Review of
Achievements.
With more than 5,000,000 men at
work on public works funds, and every
progress chart of the Public Works
Administration pointing upward, Pub
lic Works Administrator Ictes. in a
year-end review or the accomplishments
of his organization, today saw brilliant
accomplishments and a bright future.
Ictes particularly stressed the vast
technical organization in the far-flung
field* of public works, Including legal.
engineering and finance divisions in
Washington, national planning, low
cost housing and slum clearance, sub
sistence homesteads, soil erosion f-rv
lce and divisions of Federal projects,
non-Federal projects, mails and files,
auditing, inspection, investigation and
transportation loans.
Efficient organizations in all these di
visions, Ickes said, have been set up,
mainly in Washington, within six
months, and with the ironing out of a
few administrative difficulties in the
early stages, the organization now is
functioning nearly 100 per cent.
5,000,000 Men Given Jobs.
“Much,” said Ickes, “has been ac
complished in the brief span of six
months. Public works dollars riready
have put a huge army of men to work.
The total number of men thus re-em
ployed by all agencies financed with
public works lunds has passed the 5,
000,000 mark.
“Another army of men now unem
ployed is assured of wages this coming
Winter as the result of the allotment to
10,000 projects of almost ell of the $3.
300,000,000 voted by Congress last June.
On these strictly public works con
struction projects, exclusive of civil
works and the Civilian Conservation
Corps, 750,540 men were employed by
actual count on December 9. This fig
ure is now approaching the miillon
man mark and will continue to mount
for several months as a result of action
already taken.”
Ickes has Indicated that an additional
$1,500,000,000 for public works will be
asked of the coming session of Con
gress. Meanwhile, he is enthusiastic
over the results of the P. W. A. pro
gram to date. He says:
"Man. rnmnlex nrnblems have been
solved. We believe that the P. W. A.
has prepared a sound foundation and
has established principles which should
be of lasting benefit to the country.
Each day now is marked by definite
strides forward. There is no doubt
that the effect of the P. W. A. program
is being felt. This force will be more
pronounced within the next four
months.
“Stimulation of activity in the heavy
industries and building trades through
Government spending should encourage
private enterprise to display more con
fidence in the future. The administra
tion is showing the way. Combatting
conditions such as existed in this
country requires intelligence, strength
and courage of all the people."
$700,000,000 Work Begun.
He pointed out that recent reports
show a marked Increase in the number
of construction contracts resulting from
P. W. A. loans and grants, with *700.
000.000 of the work already under way.
In addition, reports show' that on De
cember 9 $143,407,873 in Federal P. W.
A. projects contracts were under ad
vertisement to be awarded in from 1
to 30 days, with more being added to
this category daily.
The close of the first six months of
the P. W. A. program finds bond pur
chase contracts and grant agreements
sent to more than 650 non-Federal ap
plicants for loans and grants, with
more than $600,000,000 allotted to non
Federal projects found qualified.
Ickes also stressed the continuing
aspect of the public works program
through the functions of the National
Planning Board. This board has been
set up. he says, to plan public works
for the future as the best insurance
against future economic depressions,
and to stimulate and co-ordinate State,
city, local and regional planning. This
board is charged with collection of the
basic material for the preparation of
a national plan, which will be used in
definitely to work out a new American
economic order,
Under a special allotment of P. W.
A. funds, planning technicians are be
ing sent all over the country to work
with State, regional, city and county
planning bodies or to assist in formation
of these bodies.
Ickes reviewed the vast list of Fed
eral projects that were the first under
taken. with the *400.000.000 roads al
lotment to all the States and the $238,*
000,000 naval program leading the list.
Outstanding Projects.
Outstanding among these Federal
projects -Ickes lists the *50,000,000 for
roads in the public domain, $44,120,000
for flood control on the Lower Missis
sippi, *74,945,700 for general rivers and
naiuor* wont mrougnouc tne country,
$33,500,000 for the Upper Mississippi
River, $17,753,108 for the Missouri
River, $20,250,000 for the Bonneville
Dam on the Columbia River in Oregon,
$25,000,000 for the Fort Peck Dam and
Reservoir in Eastern Montana. $60.
000,000 for the Federal buildings
throughout the country, $38,000,000 for
Boulder Canyon, $15,000,000 toward the
$63,000,000 Grand Coulee project on
the Columbia River in Washington.
$12,000,000 toward the $22,700,000 Cas
per-Alcova project In Wyoming, $4,000,
000 to start the Verde project in Ari
zona and $6,000,000 to start the All
America Canal in California. These
supplement the allotments made from
P. W. A. funds to the Civilian Conser
vation Corps, the Civil Works, Adminis
tration and other national emergency
organizations.
Ickes also points with pride to the
(650,000.000 allotted for 1,100 non-F¥d
eral projects, with municipal water
works and sewers heading the list of
projects, which also Includes streets,
housing, bridges, schools, hospitals,
power projects, recreational facilities
md other miscellaneous improvements.
He points out that the crying need
all over the country for low-cost hous
ing and slum clearance has been
touched so tar with allotments totalling
approximately $50,000,000, with an ad
ditional $100,000,000 provided for this
work for the Public Works Emergency
Housing Corporation, created to facili
tate housing and slum clearance proj
ects.
Another vast field for public works
money to move men from relief rolls
to pay rolls wa^ presented, Ickea em
phasized, by the loaning of money to
railroads. Allotments to railroads to
talling $182,807,500, with the $84,000,
000 loan to the Pennsylvania Railroad
for completion of the electrification of
the line between New York and Wash
ington, leading the list.
*-- ■ • —
MUSICIANS INJURED
Dance Orchestra Members Hurt in
Auto Wreck.
HARRISBURG, Pa„ December 30 UP
—Miss Marion Bateson, 19, of Colum
ns. Ohio, and Milan Hartz, 24, of
Cleveland, Ohio, members of a dance
orchestra, were injured seriously last
night as their automobile was wrecked
near suburban Progress.
The girl suffered & serious scalp
Around fracture of the collar bone, frac
jure of the pelvis and a dislocation of
# w1 • Hartz suffered concussion
)f the Drain an< a sprained risht hip.
The car sk-dded on an icy road and
cnuvijtfd into & po c.

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