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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, February 14, 1934, Image 8

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THE EVENING STAR
With Sunday Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
WEDNESDAY, February 14, 1034
THEODORE W. NOYES. .Editor
The Evening Star Newspaper Company
Business Office:
]lth St. sod Pennsylvania Ave.
New York Offlre: iJO East 42ndJBt
?blmro Offlre: Lake MIchltMl Building
uroDean Office: 14 Regent St.. London*
Ensland.
Sate by Carrier Within the City.
Reculsr Edition
Thf Evening Star 45c per month
Th* Everlng and Sunday 8tar
(when 4 Sundays) 60c per month
The Evening and Sunday Star .. (
(when 5 Sundays) 65c per month
The Sunday Stsr.6c per copy
Nitht Fintl Edition.
Nieht Pins) end 8undey Star 70c per month 1
Nieht Pinal Star 5Sc per month
Collection made at the end of each ,
month Orders may be sent In by mall or
telephone NAtional 5000.
Rate by Mail—Payable In Advance.
Maryland and Virginia.
Daily and Sunday . 1 yr.. J1 n.OO; 1 mo . 85c
Duly only .1 yr . S«.on: l mo.. SOc
Bundiy only. 1 yr.. 14 00: I mo . 4UC
All Other States and Canada.
Eltly and Sunday. 1 yr.. $ 17 on i mo . $1 on
ally only.1 yr. $8.00; 1 mo.. 75c j
Sunday only.1 yr. $5.00; 1 mo,. 60c |
Mrmiirr Of the Associated Tress.
The Associated Press Is exclusively en
titled to the use for republication of all
news dispatches credited to it or not other
wise credited in this paper and also the j
local news published herein All rights of
publication of special dispatches herein
«r« also reserved.
No Distilled Liquor Advertising.
Consistently with its past policy,
adopted and carried out through the
year* prior to the adoption of the
eighteenth amendment, The Star has,
since repeal, rejected, and will con
tinue to reject, all copy offered to it
which advertises distilled liquor. With
enactment of a liquor control law for
the District, the sale of such liquor
here again becomes legal, and The
Star'* rule of exclusion from its col
umn* of the advertising of even legal
distilled liquor automatically revives.
Exile under constitutional prohibi
tion and permission to return under
repeal have not worked any miracu
,uu» “K***1' wniiaiwi U1BWUU Ui UiC l. Utti ■
acter and Influence of alcoholic In
toxicants. As they were before pro
hibition and repeal they are now.
Observation and experience teach
that distilled liquor, with its high alco
holic content, is not nutritious or in
any way health-promoting as a bev
erage, but is a powerful, habit-form
ing stimulant; In large doses a para
lyzing narcotic depressant; of value
medicinally if intelligently prescribed,
but poisonous If used to excess, and
dangerously hurtful to body and mind
of the multitude of susceptibles, if
habitually used even at flr$t in com
parative moderation.
Since our American tendency is to
•xceee in everything, and since the
excessive or habitual use of high
power intoxicants opera tea (as Presi
dent Roosevelt well says) "to the detri
ment of health, morals-and social in
tegrity,” The Star believes that the
use a* a beverage of this hurtful com
modity should In the community in
terest in protection of our homes and
our families be reduced to a minimum
and should not be increased by The
Btar through the admittance to its
eolumns for pay of this sales-promot
lng advertising.
Miss Bentley’s Appointment.
Anticipating the vacancy on the
bench of the Juvenile Court to be
caused by the expiration of Judge
Kathryn Sellers’ term, a group ot
Washingtonians last Summer under
took the active championship of an
Important principle in relation to this
poet. Their contention was that the
vacancy should be filled irrespective
of politics; that the appointee should
be qualified not only as provided in
the statute creating the position, but
by social experience and philosophy
as well.
Their efforts were immediately re
warded by co-operation from the De
partment of Justice, which canvassed
the field of candidates for the Presi
dent, and later by the President him
self. The Department of Justice
recommended Miss Fay L. Bentley,
director of school attendance and
work permits, and, it is understood,
•ommended her highly. The Presi
dent appointed her, although she has
been charged with the high crime of
being of the Republican persuasion.
The favorable report on Miss Bent
ley's appointment, which has been
decided upon by the Judiciary Com
mittee of the Senate, represents a
victory for the Washingtonians who
worked more in behalf of certain
principles than for any individual.
For Miss Bentley, her many friends
and sponsors believe, possesses the
characteristics, training and qualifi
cations that should be possessed by a
Juvenile Court Judge. In the some
times acrimonious debate over this
appointment she has indicated by her
conduct that she is immediately
blessed with one of the important at
tributes of a Judge, which is dignity.
What looked like a tailsptn in com
mercial aviation may prove only an
•Xpert demonstration of "looping the
loophole.”
William Travers Jerome.
There must be rejoicing in Tam
many Hall today. William Travers
Jerome is dead. Nearly a quarter
of a century, it is true, has passed
•lnce the arch foe of political cor
ruption ceased to occupy the lime
light, but his name has not yet faded
from the recollection of a generation
which thought of him as a. modern
knight errant comparable with the
chivalrous champions of old in the
Struggle against the forces of dark
ness and sin. He spent his sunset
years in quiet retirement, and recent
campaigns brought from him only
mild expressions of interest.
Mr. Jerome may be said to have
been bom for the work he was to do.
HU father was an eminent lawyer,
and he himself had the advantage
of preparation at Amherst and Co
lumbia. When he became assistant
district attorney of New York County
tn 1888 he was twenty-nine years of
Sge, prematurely ripe In observation
experience, possessed of the
—— ——
power of an ardent and passionate
hatred for Tammany and all Its
wicked works, snd equipped with
knowledge snd skill competent to the
need. He minced no words. Crime,
he said, must be treated like small
pox. By education the public must
be made to understand the vicious
nature of the civic disease, by organ
ization it must be guided into reforms
which would isolate the center of
contagion. He fought Tammany as
Gorgas fought the mosquito. He
served the famous Lexow Committee,
was counsel to the Committee of Sev
enty and manager of William L.
Strong's campaign. Then for seven
years he was a Judge in the Court of
Special Sessions, and the politicians
feared him in that position as It
never feared any other man.
His methods were direct and forth
right. He led his raids in person.
Under his command doors were chop
ped down, barricades were dynamited,
keepers of disorderly houses, gamblers
and other criminals were ‘‘caught
with the goods" and dragged off to
prison without mercy. Day after
day ilP WM a from page character of
the metropolitan press.
Elected district attorney in 1901, he
held the position for eight colorful
years, refusing the higher honor of
the mayoralty that he might continue
his labors to clean up Bagdad on the
Subway.
Balancing the D. C. Budget.
When the House Subcommittee on
District Appropriations begins its study
of the 1935 estimates, its chief con
cern should be the wise expenditure
of available District and Federal reve
nues on needed local projects—and
not the accumulation of more surplus
local revenues.
The budget estimates, which repre
sented a reduction below the Com
missioners' estimates, provide only a
nominal Increase over current ex
penaiiures. inis *111 imvc sijrpius
revenues in gasoline, water and gen
eral tax funds. The amount of the
surplus In the general revenues, how
ever, Is largely dependent upon the
policy of salary restoration decided
upon by Congress. The restoration of
salaries as now proposed will mate
rially reduce the general fund sur
plus that would be available under
budget estimates sent to Congress.
While It Is pleasant to speak of
local tax reduction, the present sys
tem of appropriating for the District
promises no real relief in that direc
tion. The expedient of delaying nec
essary projects involving capital ex
penditures, and of crippling necessary
municipal services by material reduc
tion in maintenance funds, merely
piles up future trouble for the tax
payers. A balanced budget for the
District of Columbia, for which Con
gress should strive, would represent
wise expenditure of all the money to
be collected from local taxpayers.
There are many necessary projects
walling to be financed.
In commenting yesterday on the
District estimates, Mr. Blanton inad
vertently referred to the lump sum
as $6,500,000, declaring that that figure,
recommended by the Budget Bureau,
should be retained. The lump sum
appropriated for the current year, and
recommended again by the Budget
Bureau in line with its policy of not
proposing increased Federal expendi
tures, is $5,700.000—not $6,500,000.
This lump sum should be increased
this year, first, because the now prob
able restoration in part of the salary
reduction will automatically increase
the District budget; second, because
the existing lump sum bears no rea
sonable relation to the real obligation
of the National Government in con
tributing to Capital maintenance and
upbuilding.
There have been suggestions that
possibly-available local revenues be
used in beginning construction of the
first unit of the Municipal Center.
But before another penny of local
revenues is sunk in this project the
long-deferred guarantees of Federal
participation in Its construction
should be made and understood. Local
taxpayers will certainly not agree to
go without necessary school buildings
and libraries and adequate municipal
services in order to spend more money
on the Municipal Center. That would
be the case under present conditions.
The next dollar appropriated for
I Municipal Center purposes should
come from the source which designed
it and ordered It built—the Federal
Government, and which Is yet to
share in Its expense.
. _
Theodore Roosevelt commented se
verely on muck-raking. Conditions
had not yet developed which would
call for his comment on sky-scraping.
Europe and Austria.
Any doubts Europe may have had
about the tragic gravity of condi
tions in Austria have been removed
by the week’s events at Vienna and
in the provinces. Such grim fighting
and casualty lists have not been re
corded since the World War. The
battles waged between the Austrian
Social Democrats and the Dollfuss
government’s nondescript "loyalist’’
forces were marked on Monday and
Tuesday by that same sort of fierce
and sanguinary conflict as ordinarily
is carried on by hostile nations when
they fly at each other’s throats.
Whatever may be said of the Austrian
Socialists and their cause, history will
give them the credit of having gone
down fighting for It. They did not
supinely auccumb when their political
existence was challenged, as their
fellow-Marxists in Italy and Germany
did on successive occasions. The
Vienna government has suppressed its
Socialist internal foe, but at terrific
cost.
What next? That depends lea* on
Austria than on Europe. M. Henri
Berenger, former French Ambassador
at Washington, now chairman of the
Senate Foreign Affairs Committee at
Paris, has unofficially proposed armed
protection of Austria's independence
by French, Italian and British troops.
He predicts "the beginning of a war
In Europe and the end of the League
of Nations” If Chancellor Dollfuss
loses control. Great Britain, reveal
ing no enthusiasm for any interna
tional armed support of Austria, ad
heres to the view that It is for the
League of Nations to move, especially
as Austria has appealed for Its In
tervention. Italy's attitude remains
obscure. There are circumstantial re
ports that the Dollfuss program of
exterminating Austrian Socialism was
adopted at Mussolini’s bidding, in re
turn for premised Italian help against
a Nazi drive against Austrian inde
pendence.
Soviet Russia looks on, urging i
French and Austrian workers to
maintain a "united front” against
Fascists In any guise. Moscow greets
the recent general strikes and ac
companying violent demonstrations In
France and Austria as showing that
the ‘‘revolutionary forces” are rising
and ripening. Germany, officially
professing Its dstermlnatlon not to
intervene, points out that there can
be no peace in Austria as long as
Chancellor Dollfuss relies upon "bay
onets and foreign sympathies” Instead
of "the will of the Austrian people,”
That Is Berlin’s way of saying the
situation in Vienna can never be
composed ufttil Nazis are in control,
representing, as the Hitlerites allege,
a clear majority of the nation.
The most cursory glance at the
map of Central Europe indicates that
Austria cannot possibly be regarded
as a local issue. It Is an International
problem. Its disappearance as a na
tional entity of Its own and its In
corporation within the Nazi Third
Raich will automatically precipitate a
situation that will require action by
the so-called “powers,” but so far
Chancellor Dollfuss has had to con
tent himself with platonic assurances
that have not prevented his precari
ous lot from drifting steadily from
bad to worse.
It seems Incredible that Europe
would let civil war In Austria smolder
into another international conflagra
tion, yet at the moment there is
ominous and omnipresent reluctance
to move toward averting such a catas
trophe.
Many have expressed a desire for
the return of comic opera. Its es
sentials are present. The cast of Mr. |
MacCraeken has the plot and the
dialogue and needs only the embel
lishment of rhythm to revive what It
was feared had become a lost art.
More and smaller airplane*, as con
templated by Director of Aeronautics
Vidal, are not likely to develop j
so far as to enable a person with a
letter to deliver to hop into his own 1
ship and carry it himself.
The increasing magnitude of affairs
is impressed by recollection of the days
of Frank Hitchcock, when all the poli
tics a Postmaster General had to wor
ry about was Included in a little old
card index.
Without waiting for ominous condi
tions throughout the world to develop, j
temperamental Vienna decided to
break in with a war of her own.
It becomes evident that Hollywood
press exploiters will have to develop :
new material. Divorces are no longer
interesting.
SHOOTING STARS.
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
Complete Specimen.
The grip germ on his way doth go.
Creating consternation.
He visits folks he doesn't know
Without an invitation.
He does not play or sing or dance.
He tells no stories clever.
He never sees the slightest chance
For sociable endeavor.
He brings a gloomy atmosphere.
His mood is cold and distant.
He has no taste for friendly cheer,
Yet butts in most persistent.
Of all the bores who circulate
And spread dull care before us
The grip germ, so the experts state,
Is vastly the most borous.
Victim on a Small Scale,
"I can sympathize with those vic
tims of atrocity in the rubber regions."
“What do you know about them?"
“It’s my business to carry our rub
ber trees in and out of the house ac
cording to the weather.”
Mercenary Suggestion.
“The old-fashioned songs were more
sentimental than those we now sing.”
“Yes,” replied Miss Cayenne. “People
who sing sentimental songs at pres
ent merely start an argument on how
much Income a man ought to have
before he proposes.”
Hint to Legislatures.
When you cut a watermelon
Pur a jolly graftin’ crew
There is never any tellin’
When you’ll strike a Waterloo.
Extremes.
“That orator has a most ornate
and elaborate vocabulary.”
“Yes. He believes in getting away
from the epithet and using only long
and beautiful words.”
A Common Fate.
“It is a terrible thing,” said the
prisoner, “to be known by a number
instead of a name and to feel that
all my life I shall be an object of
suspicion among the police.”
“But you will not be alone, my
friend,” replied the philanthropic
visitor; “the same thing happens to
people who own automobiles.”
Course of Events.
This curious thing called “Business,”
As I have heard it stated,
Is not considered a success
Till it's investigated.
“It is well to be calm amid excite
ment,” said Hi Ho. the sage of China
town, “but calm that is based on in
difference Is of no value to human
experience.” i
THIS AND THAT
BY CHARLES E. TRACEWELL.
Has the reader—the reader who
reads everything—read all hi* Chrlat
nas books yet?
One or the finest things about hav
ing received books as Christmas pres
»nts is the Winter weather.
Cold la not good for much except
this.
Medical men tell us that extremes
if weather help the system build up
Its defensive mechanism, but sub
sero weather, especially In and near
Washington, is not to the average
liking.
One good thing it does, however, Is
keep many people home, where they
may read the long evenings through.
* * * *
It is a true pleasure, maybe just a
little more so at this time of year
than any other, to take down from
the shelf a book one opens with an
ticipation then.
The ideal place, In fact and atory,
for Winter reading is by the fireside,
where crackling logs send up their
dancing flames, their showers of
sparks, their wreaths of cloud.
A wonderful place for reading it is,
too, but there are others. Bed, for
Instance. Reading in bed is a habit
with some persons, with a great many
others .something to be shunned.
Such reading is held by some to
denote a certain lethargy not exactly
connected with an up and doing hu
man being.
* * * *
One may feel, however, that they
are vastly mistaken in this belief.
Mankind originally went on all
fours. There must have been a band
or gristle running along the neck to
hold it up high, in the forward posi
tion, so that the eyes would not look
at the ground.
During the millions of years re
quired to enable man to go in the
upright position as a matter of course
this elastic neckband became loet to
humanity. Never once, however, not
even now, did man wholly overcome
the downward pulJ of gravity.
Many diseases are caused by the
position of walking on two feet,
rather than going on all-fours, as a
proper animal should, and mostly
does.
It is a good thing for any one, doc
tors tell us, to give himself a rest in
bed, now and then, irrespective of
how many hours he may spend in
sleep.
* * * *
This rest may be achieved In small
doses at night before the regular
retiring time.
The advantage of reading in bed is
that one may stretch out at full
length in bed on the back, permitting
all the organs to assume their tradi
tional proper positions, In so far as
they may.
There is no temptation to curl up
In a ball, as so many persons do whUe
asleep.
The chief difficulty experienced by
the average reader is In getting the
head and neck in a comfortable posi
tion, so that there is no cramping.
A natural position for the head may
be secured by the use of pillows which
permit the head to be raised to a
point where the page may be seen
easily but where the neck 1* not un
duly stretched.
This attitude may be found easily
and may be varied, from time to time,
by lying on the side and placing the
book flat on the bed.
Those who complain of difficulty of
reading in anything except a chair
usually try to make the process too
uniform.
* * * a
Bv the fireside, however, is un
doubtedly as good a place as any.
And It, fortunately, doesn’t make
any difference whether the fireplace
Is a huge one, able to take a great
log, or just a small hearth handling
a few pieces of smaller wood.
The lire Is the thing, especially
during such cold weather as the city
has experienced recently.
Even the best built homes and the
most accurately weather-stripped find
the added heat of the fireplace grate
ful.
Just how the flickering flames help
the enjoyment of a book, In a mental
'sense, is difficult to explain, but they
undoubtedly do.
Prom the physical standpoint there
is a bit more light, but of a flickering
character which, were it stronger,
might not be good for the eyes. If
one sits far enough from the hearth,
as he ought, there will be no danger
from this. There is the added warmth,
but this feature is scarcely enough to
account for the real pleasure of read
ing by the fireside.
* * * *
No, the true enjoyment one derives
is a mental satisfaction harking back
to the early days of the race, long
before there was any reading, In the
modern sense.
Still, It msy be believed that man
kind always wanted to read, even
when It was jumping around in the
trees and walking along on all fours.
That urge was in the race. If It
hadn't been in It, it would never have
come out, just as flying would never
have eventuated if the desire to soar
like a bird had not been deeply
planted in humanity.
Writing and reading developed with
the earliest civilizations, but books
were to come, at least books as we
know them, with type on paper, many
centuries later.
The man who reads by his fireside
this evening is doing something which
mankind always wanted to do. There
is a satisfaction in that which Is
racial.
* * * *
One of the finest pictures which
comes down to Americans is that of
the young Lincoln reading on his el
bows before the log cabin fire.
Whether this is a true picture makes
little difference.
The chances are that he did read
so, as uncomfortable a position as it
; looks to us who are used to soft
chairs—and softer beds.
They were tough in those days—
they had to be tough—and young Abe
i Lincoln probably got more solid com
! fort out of his reading position than
many a man does today seated In an
easy chair, warmed by an automatic
device and super-warmed by a roar
i ing fireplace.
* * * *
If the modern reader Is sensible,
however, he will not read before a
I roaring Are, but before a nice, gentle,
| evenly burning one.
Such a wood fire require* less at
tention, is easier on the eyes in every
way, gives all the added stimulus of
this age-old form of heating'and
above all fits In better with the gen
tle art of reading.
Reading is, after all, the gentle art.
Every man with a book in his
hand and his head slightly bowed la
the Thinker.
Whether he thinks much or little,
whether he tries to think with his
book or whether he lets the book do
it all, he is the Thinker.
We are so used to books that the
old pride of achievement is almost
lost to us in reading, but every reader
ought to permit himself to catch a
view of himself, at least occasionally,
as the Thinker of the statue—man at
one of his bests.
WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS
BY FREDERIC WILLIAM WILE.
Lincoln's birthday, by all the signs ,
of the political sodlac, echoed to the
barks of the opening guns in the Re- i
publicans' campaign to fight their way
jut of the wilderness. Pretty much all
over the country leaders of high or
low degree were in action. In the
East, honors were divided among Na
•ional Chairman Everett Sanders. Sen
ator L. J. Dickinson of Iowa. Repre
sentative James M. Beck of Pennsyl
vania. former Tariff Commission
Chairman Henry P. Fletcher, also of
Penn State and former Secretary of
Agriculture. Arthur M. Hyde. With
Lincoln as their inspiration the (
various G. O. P. orators preached
the gospel that the hour has now
come for the party to function as
an organization of constructive op
position an dabandon a supine de
featist role. Few Lincoln day ut
terances rang with militant confidence
that the Democratic stronghold can
be stormed at this time with any
thrilling prospect of success. But the
spirit of fight was manifest and a
consensus that there is no virtue, and
less salvation. In continuously talcing
things lying down. Most of the speech
es keynoted by Inference that Repub
licans will from now on rally round
the constitutional flag and unfurl
that banner as the one likely to carry
most appeal to the electorate.
* * * *
To teach the 3,000 employes of the
Federal immigration and naturaliza
tion service politeness and good humor
along with efficiency is the purpose
of a course of education just in
augurated by Daniel W. MacCormack,
Secretary of Labor Perkins’ commis
sioner of Immigration and naturaliza
tion. Henceforward a series of
weekly lectures, prepared by Col.
MacCormack, will be read to officials
In the 22 immigration districts. They
direct members of the service to look
upon themselves, when dealing with
newcomers to our shores, as "ambas
sadors of good will, as well as guar
dians of the gate.” Officials are
ordered to cultivate the value of a
smile and the art of tempering "tech
nical accuracy with justice and
humanity.” The same consideration
must be shown to aliens as to cit
izens. Col. MacCormack is a bankeT
by profession and a bom Scotsman.
He joined the Army during the Phil
ippine insurrection. During the World
War the colonel was In the Army
transport service and later a member
of the American peace mission to
Russia.
* * * *
Another promotion for merit in the
foreign service is the appointment of
George 8. Messersmith, consul general
at Berlin, to be minister to Uruguay.
Pennsylvanian by birth and educator
by profession, he has spent 20 years
in the consular service, from which he
is now promoted to the diplomatic
branch. Mr. Messersmith bore the
brunt of the controversies, which
Washington has had with the Hitler
government over recurring Nazi at
tacks on American citizens.
* * * *
When Prof. Rex G. Tugwell rose to
address the big alumni luncheon at
Columbia University this week he be
gan by saying: "It feels good to be
back home again. There are evidently
a lot of people who think it might
have been better if I’d never left
home.” The Assistant Secretary of
Agriculture, now universally rated
Brain Truster No. 1. came to the new
d«al directly from his chair ef eco
nomics in Dr. Nicholas Murray But
ler's vast educational plant on Morn
ingside Heights.
* * * *
Although he happens to be in
America on leave at the moment,
George H. Earle, 3d, American Min
ister to Austria, probably considers
current events in Vienna and vicinity
good tralnging for the experiences he
faces at home this year. He has just
been designated as prospective Demo
cratic candidate for Governor of Penn
sylvania, where one of the hottest
campaigns of the year is taking shape.
Mr. Earle’s Vienna post is his first
diplomatic Job. He is a sugar refiner,
hails from Devon, Pa., and was an
undergraduate at Harvard when he
left college in 1916 to serve through
out the war In both the Army and
Navy. Minister Earle, an original
F. R. B. C. is one of our younger non
career diplomats, being in his 44th
year.
* * * *
One of the undeniable anomalies
of this super-Democratic era is the
fact that the United States Tariff
Commission is still 75 per cent Re
publican. Of the four present mem
bers. only Vice Chairman Thomas
Walker Page of Virginia is a Demo
crat. Chairman Robert L. O'Brien of
Massachusetts and Commissioners
Edgar B. Broussard of Utah and John
Lee Coulter of North Dakota are Re
publicans. The presumption all along
has been that two vacancies on the
commission would eventually be filled
by President Roosevelt with deserv
ing Democrats. Another thought has
been that the commission might be
cut down from six to three mem
bers.
* * * *
Senator Borah, after whom the
United States Geographic Board has
just renamed Idaho’s tallest moun
tain, Borah Peak, now takes rank
with other eminent Americans sim
ilarly immortalized. Among those for
whom mountains are named are Lin
coln,* McKinley, Foraker, Blackburn,
Quincy Adams, Whitney, Rainier,
Pike, Kit Carson, Sherman, Cameron,
Long, Stewart, Langley and Muir
High peaks have also been christened
Princeton, Yale and Harvard. There’s
a 14,000-footer in Colorado called
Democrat.
* * * *
One of the arguments advanced by
some Wall Street spokesmen against
the proposed drastic law to regulate
stock exchanges is that It might cut
the brokerage industry exactly in half
if the Fletcher bill should be enact
ed into law as it now stands. Along
with a 50 per cent reduction in busi
ness, these authorities claim, there
would be a corresponding decrease In
office space, employes and equipment.
* * * *
Former Representative Ruth B
Pratt, Republican, of New York, a
victim of the 1932 Roosevelt land
slide, has just resumed public activi
ties as national chairman of the Fine
Arts Foundation, a new organization
to promote appreciation of native
American art and to care for desti
tute artists. The plan Is to raise
$100,000 in three years by public sub
scription.
(Copyright. 1934.)
Gold.
From the Omaha World-Herald.
The President has the gold, but
then we’ve got the President.
I
THE CADAVER OR OldEON WYCK.
Edited by Alexander Lalng. With
a Frontispiece by Lynd Ward. Vew
York: Farrar 4c Rinehart, Inc.
Here la a strange tale of evil and
horror, purported to be the product of
a medical student and revealing a
aeries of appalling Crimea committed
upon human beings In the name of
science.
Everythlng'about the book Is strange.
Its author la unknown. The post
office from which the manuscript ac
tually began Its Journey to a publish
ing house Is also shrouded in mystery.
The publishers announce that it was
received from a reputable literary
agent who claims to have no knowl
edge as to Its authorship, and also that
royalties will be reserved for his ac
count if he should wish to reveal him
self and give satisfactory proofs of his
identity. The manuscript waa shipped
in two installments, the first of which
was postmarked Chicago and the last I
New Orleans. It is, of course, possible
that both sections went through a
readdressing service.
The first part of the story was ac
companied by the following explana
tion by the author:
"During the past year I have been
drawn unwillingly into a series of
grim events—and I have no assurance
that their sequence Is ended. The
climax could yet be my own death.
This is one reason for writing, but
there are others. Sometimes the im
partial application of Just laws can
work a particular injustice. I happen
to be possessed of knowledge that
ought to convict any one of three
persons of a capital crime; yet I am
morally convinced that all are In
nocent. This makes me reluctant to
divulge what I, and I alone, have
learnt. , *
w luiiucai ib, cvcia uritrny, may
mean that It will die with me; and,
since Its partial discovery might work
greater injustice, I Intend to write
down all I know. Then, as chance
has put me in the way of information
which I neither desired nor sought, 11
•hall let chance decide whether it is |
to be known to the world as well.
That seems the only fair way. I in
tend to describe these happenings in
the strict order of their occurrence,
starting with the first significant eve
ning, a year ago tonight. Even
though later events at times have
erased the seeming importance of
earlier ones, I shall try to show every
thing as it first appeared, for it may
be that some item which I have
thought trivial may be vital knowl
edge to another Investigator. * • •
I shall alter the names of all persons,
places and institutions, and refer to
the climate as that of Maine, with
which I am familiar. There will be
plenty of references through which
any one who is Interested can locate
the real town and school about which
I am writing.
“If at any time It seems unlikely
that I can complete the story, I shall
mail what is done to a literary agent
who knows nothing of me. Perhaps
this will be considered a clever hoax
to interest a publisher; but even if
that prevents publication, the manu
script is not likely to be destroyed, so
some day the truth will out. If it
comes too late to affect persons -now
living, that may be for the best.'*
Well, there it is, to take or leave,
Just as one pleases. The story con
tains convincing proof that the author
is a genuine medical student. Mr
Lalng, in his prefatory note, gives
credit to Thomas Painter and Ger
trude McClure, a teacher and a stu
dent of morphology, for verifying all
technical references, and to himself
goes the credit for the title of the
book and for all subtitles and foot
notes. as the original had no chapters
or divisions into parts.
The narrative begins with a series
of blood-freezing events occurring
during the twenty-four hours pre
ceding the mysterious disappear
ance of Gideon Wyck, M. D„ in
structor, surgeon and scientist in
i the State college of surgery in the
flctitius village of Altonville, Me. A
man who has lost an arm in an acci
dent and who has not fully recovered
from the effects of the amputation
suffers in the middle of the night
from a seizure of delirium. A demon
i* tearing his heart out through his
maimed arm. and he insists that only
Dr. Wyck can drive the demon away.
The physician arrives, talks to the
terrified man about Beelzebub and
sneers at the sufferer’s demand that
his blood be returned to him. Later
events reveal the fact that Mike Con
nell has been almost drained of his
blood for transfusion into the veins
of others by Wyck, who is believed by
some members of the community to
be an incarnation of the devil.
Dr. Wyck is known to be a student
of demonology as well as a researcher
into the science of the abnormal in
n.iL Li. 1-_1_l_
and his extraordinary library are of
invaluable service to Dr. Manfred
Ailing, president of the college, who
is writing a work which he is pleased
to call “A Short Sketch for a History
of Concomitant Variations in Morpho
genesis and Psychogenesis,” though it
is planned to fill at least six sturdy
quartos. Ailing is himself deformed,
which undoubtedly accounts for his
Interest in the subject. He and Wyck
are the most brilliant workers in this
field.
In the midst of a series of grue
some events Dr. Wyck disappears,
and though it 1s months later that
his cadaver is found, embalmed, in
the vault of the dissecting room, the
horrors continue. Wyck has been
murdered, and an investigation is
begun by the community officials, but
months drag by without a solution.
It is in his capacity as secretary to
the president of the college that the
author of this book comes Into the
knowledge that criminal experiments
of an appalling nature have been
practiced in cold blood upon human
beings for the purpose of promoting
the sciences of morphogenesis and
psychogenesis.
It is a tale of weird Incantations in
a remote hillside laboratory, con
ducted by a men crazed by cancer of
the brain, Imposing a state of hyp
nosis upon patients doomed to death
or Insanity through the experiments
calculated to produce monsters of
human origin for the purpose of fur
nishing scientific knowledge to the
medical world.
For the stout of heart and the
strong of nerve this is an account of
evil which Is of the keenest Interest,
despite the grim tragedies which fol
low each other in rapid succession.
But for those who shiver and shudder
at such revelations as the work con
tains the publishers’ warning that
the book should be read only at their
own risk should be strictly observed.
For It breeds horror. It contains
nothing but evil and the atrocities
which only madness could conceive
and carry out. Some of the mysteries
which confound the author in the
first section of his narration are
solved in the second installment, but
there are no thrills either in the
problems or in the revelation of the
truth. Murder and crime march
steadily behind the drums of insanity,
but there is no trace of the methods
employed In the writing of modern
mystery fiction.
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
BY FREDERIC 1. HASKIN.
Q. Are the women In Russia per
mitted to uee cosmetics?—T. B.
A. There is no prohibition in Rus
sia against the use of cosmetics, but
they are unpopular. There are no
beauty parlors In the sense of the
term as used here. Some perfumes
and powders come in from Germany,
but' importation is discouraged.
Q. Is a ny.-na vicious enough to
attack a man?—E. B.
A. The hyena is a cowardly ani
mal which preys, as a rule, on canrion,
or on animals weakened by wounds or
disease. A single hyena will not at
tack man unless desperate from hun
ger or protecting its young.
Q. What Is the stabilization fund?—
E. T.
A. It Is one of the provisions of the
so-called gold bill recently signed by
the President. It is a fund of $2,
000,000,000 created out of the in
creased value of gold accruing as the
result of the devaluation or the dollar.
Q What is the name of an Invalid's
chair which can be propelled by the
hands of the occupant?—W. K.
A. It is called the Merlin chair lor
its inventor, J. J. Merlin.
Q. Where is garlic grown in this
country?—F. S.
A. It is extensively grown, especially
in Louisiana. California, Texas and
Arkansas, but as the plant thrives
under the same conditions as onions,
its culture could be readily extended
to other places. •
Q. How many of the Jews of the
world are In the United States?—R. S.
A. It is not known definitely. David
Trietsch, prominent Jewish statisti
cian, places the number in the world
at 18,000.000, while a recent survey
made by the statistician of the Amer
ican Israelite places the number at
15.430.000 and Jews In the United
States at 3,100,000.
Q. How are the questions selected
which are answered in this column?
—J. H. 8.
A. From the thousands of letters
sent to our correspondents ones are
selected which may have a general
appeal. Many deal with Information
needed only by the person asking the
question. All Inquiries are answered
by letters sent to correspondents. Ad
dress your question to this Informa
tion Bureau, Frederic J. Haskln, Direc
tor, Washington, D. C.( inclosing a
stamp for reply.
Q. How tall is the opera star Rosa
Ponselle?—T. M.
A. Mme. Ponselle is 5 feet 8%
inches tall and weighs 165 pounds.
Q How many people can be ac
commodated at the Olympic games In
Berlin in 1936?—M. L. E.
A. Counting the stadium, other
buildings, swimming pools and play
ing fields, 440.000 people can be ac
commodated. Parking space for 8,000
vehicles is being -planned.
Q What is the population of the
Virgin Islands?—E. C. N.
A St. John. 765; St. Thomas
9.834; St. Croix, 11.413: making a
total population of 22.012. Between
90 and 95 per cent of the population
is wholly or partly Negro.
Q. What use is being made of the
Graf Zeppelin now?—A. G.
A. It is engaged in scheduled
transatlantic fllghta from Germany to
South America
Q When did John Bunyan write
"Pllgrim'a Progress"?—O. M. D.
A Bunyan’s "Pilgrim’s Progress” was
published in February, 1S87. It la
low generally supposed that he wrote
It during & short period of Imprison
ment in 1675 and not during the
twelve years that he spent In the old
Jail at Bedford.
Q. How much money did automo
bile drivers spend for gasoline In
1933?—E. P.
A. Including taxes, the retail value
of the gasoline consumed by motor
vehicles In 1933 was $2,227,000,000.
Q. Who was the founder of hom
eopathy?—J. H.
A. Samuel Christian Hahnemann
was the founder of the homeopathic
: system. This German physician was
! born at Meissen, Germany, April 10,
j 1755, and died at Paris, July 2, 1843.
| In 1775 he went to Leipzig and mud*
I led medicine. At a later period he
went to Vienna. After some yeara he
| returned and completed his studies at
Arlangen. He afterward practiced
medicine at different places. He re
mained at Hofrath until 1833, when
he proceeded to Paris.
Q. Please give the name of a book
which tells about the pirate, Capt.
Roberts.—E. C. R.
A. His life and exploits are to be
j found in the "Pirate's Who’s Who,"
and In the •'History of the Pirates,” by
Philip Gosse.
Q Who persuaded the Trojans to
take the wooden horse into the city?
—R. C. T.
A. The false tale is attributed to
Slnan, a wily Greek.
Q Is It true that only we person
! survived the destruction of 8t. Pierre
in the eruption of Mont Pelea in
| 1902?—J. S. C.
j A. Two Negroes survived—Auguste
Ciparis, who at the time was eon
j fined In the city jail, and a sboe
! maker named Leon Compere-Leandre.
The city had a population of 30,000.
Q. Who were the Fenians?—J. T.
A. Fenian, or Fenian Society, Is a
popular name for the Irish Republic
Brotherhood, or I. R. B„ a political
association of Irish Americans or
ganized for the overthrow of British
authority In Ireland and the eaUb
j lishment of a republic. The name
j was derived from ”fiann,” a com
pany of legendary warriors In Ire
land under the leadership of the
mythical hero. Finn MacCumaill. The
modern Fenian movement, adopting
i the name of the ancient military as
sociation. had Its first seat among
the Irish population in America,
i which had largely Increased since the
great famine and exodus of 1848 to
. 1847. The society was founded In
1 this country by John O’Mahoney In
1858 The principal object of the
, brotherhood was to supply money and
arms to the Irish cause, and In this
country the ability to bear arms was
not a necessary qualification. The
establishment of the Irish Free State
removed the reason for existence of
the brotherhood, and It la now prac
tically extinct.
Q How old was Paul Revere when
he "rode on the midnight alarm”?—
W. D.
A. He was forty.
Courage of Senator Glass
Lauded as Friends Disagree
One of the most striking Incidents
in American public life is the gcnrral
praise of Senator Carter Glass of Vir
ginia for sincerity and courage, while
he antagonizes the President and lead
ers of his own party on the gold ques
tion. Newspaper comment voices the
belief that his fight for the precious
meta> may have increased his popu
larity, even with those who held to
different opinions. His hold upon the
public imagination Is credited to a
lifetime of honest politics.
"Mr. Roosevelt sees the present eco
nomic problems facing the country,"
according to the Richmond Times
Dispatch. “from a point of view dia
metrically opposed to that of Senator
Glass. The \ast majority of Ameri
cans are on the side of the President.
Time alone wUl tell whether Mr.
Roosevelt or Mr. Glass is correct. But.
right or wrong. Mt Glass Is entitled
to praise for putting up his fight, for
espousing a cause he knew to be
doomed when he lowered his lance.
He has battled for what he honestly
believes to be right. Citizens ran
ask no more of a representative than
that."
“Sincerity and courage are .synony
mous for Carter Glass.” says the
Roanoke Times, “a fact of which the
people of Virginia have been aware
for many years. They are enthusi
astically and loyally supporting the
President's recovery program, but they
respect Senator Glass for being true
to his convictions, knowing that, be
cause he is Carter Glass, he could not
do otherwise. He is not only a great
Senator, but a great American, and
Virginia appreciates his worth and re
spects his integrity no less than his
intellect.” The Times also quotes
statements that the Senator's attitude
“has aroused admiration even among
those who disagree with him."
"Regardless of whether he is right
or wrong," In the opinion of the Bal
timore Sun. "people like a man of sin
cerity and courage. These things Sen
ator Glass has. He not only votes the
way he thinks, but he talk* publicly
the way he talks privately, and has
expressed his views to the President,
personally, even more emphatically
than on the Senate floor. Plenty of
Democratic Senators share his views,
but he alone stands up and says no.
The others are full of hollow alibis
as to why they can't do the same.”
"Mcral courage,” declares the Nash
ville Banner, “is a quality among pub
lic men which unfailingly commands
admiration, even though the individ
ual displaying It often, because of his
adherence to conviction In the face
of an adverse public sentiment, may
assure his retirement from public life.
Sometimes, however, obedience to the
dictates of conscience and to duty as
conceived to be commands such re
spect that even a constituency hold
ing different views retains In official
station the man exhibiting this high
quality. The case of Carter Glass af
fords a striking illustration of the
value of character and of courage as
political assets. During the Senate
investigation last year into the affairs
of the House of Morgan, when the
disclosures were of a nature that sur
prised and shocked the country, the
Virginia Senator dared to object to
a mode of Inquiry which he deemed
unfair, and vigorously chaUenged
some of the tactics pursued by Mr.
Pecori, counsel lor tbe committee,
Had a man in whose integrity the
country had less confidence than that
entertained for Mr. Glass taken such
a position his plea for Morgan would
have subjected him to the severest
criticism and to even serious Imputa
tions. Yet no word of distrust of
Mr. Glass’ motive! was ever heard.
The whole country knew that he was
as honest as he was fearless." The
Banner feels that “ha has not lost
stature with the Democrats of hla
State " and finds a parallel in the ex
perience of Senator L. Q C. Lamar,
describing him as "one of the greatest
figures of his times," and recalling
an incident in the Senats with the
statement: "The money question
then, as now, was at the front, though
in, a different phase, and Mississippi
was overwhelmingly supporting legis
lation favorable to the white metal,
but Lamar was convinced that his
,'onstituents were In error, and. despite
every appeal, refused to change his
views or vote. A wave of criticism
swept over the State and for a time
his retirement was seemingly certain,
but so strong was the reaction in his
favor, so great the pride of Mississippi
in his talents, character and courage
that he was triumphantly re-elected.”
"For us." states the New York Her
ald Tribune, “the single redeeming
feature of an otherwise disgraceful
performance on the part of the legis
lative branch of the Government last
week was the sturdy fight waged
against the gold bill by the minority
in the Senate under the fiery lKtle
Democrat from Virginia. Whm we
refer to the episode as 'disgraceful'
we have In mind not so much the
vicious features of the legislation it
self ‘as the pusUlanlmity with which
that legislation was accepted, espe
cially in the Lower House. Against
such a background the courageous
action of such men as Senator Olass
and Senator Gore—the only two Dem
ocratic member of the Upper House
to vote against the bill—must com
mend itself to every person who still
retains his respect for Intellectual ta
j tegrity.”
"There Is no doubt,” avers the
Kansas City Times, “that these new
dealers have evolved policies that In
their Judgment will be beneficial to
the country as a whole and especially
to the wage earners and the farmers,
and that they believe the revolution
ary abandonment of the old theories
of economics and finance is Justified
by the great emergency that con
fronted the country. But there are
many persons, like Senator Glass, who
still believe that idealism and emo
tionalism are not safe substitutes for
long recognized principles of eco
nomics."
A Fair Revision.
From the 8toux Falls Arcus-Leader,
j The Agricultural Adjustment Ad
ministration has ruled that in drought
areas a 10-year production average in
stead of a 5-year average will be em
ployed in determining com allotments.
This is only fair. The five-year
| basis would have worked sharply
against the Interest of South Dakota,
because in two of the past five years
corn production here has been far be
low par and in another one it has
been considerably below normal.
The 10-year basis will provide a
j better average, giving an opportunity
i to spread the bad years among tome
i good years.
The basis for this dctermipatlon is
all-importa,it. The original figure of
five years would have been satisfac
tory in event of normal production.
But the crop year of 1933 was the
worst in the history of South Dakota,
with the crop year of 1931 virtually In
second place.
A Rhythmic Race.
From the Rockford Reilster-Republie.
The Kentucky Derby promises to be
a musical event. Its present favorites
are First Minstrel and Singing Wood.
Agro-Gastronomy,
From the Louisville Times.
Belfast customs authorities decld*
that oysters are Uve stock. And are
oyster cocktails to be classed as ppai
trri

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