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A. N. P. A. President Says
Agreement Preserves Freedom of Press. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. April 25.—Asserting that the constitutional guarantee of freedom of the press remained unim paired under the daily newspaper code, Howard Davis, president of the American Newspaper Publishers' As sociation. voiced the belief today that “newspaper publishers of this country have a good code under which to operate.” Reporting successively as president of the A. N. P. A. and chairman of the Code Committee before the first regular session of the association's an nual convention. Davis stated the code constituted the mast important prob lem confronting directors of the asso ciation during the past year. “The vital factor of successful newspaper publication is an unham pered and uncensored press,” he said in the president’s opening address. Cites Committee Position. “Freedom of the press, one of the most cherished possessions of this Na tion, is guaranteed by our Constitu tion, and in the belief that no act of ours should lessen or impair that guarantee, your board and (code) committee felt It incumbent upon them to insist upon its specific reser vation in the daily newspaper rode. Notwithstanding violent opposition, our position was maintained and the rode was eventually approved includ ing such reservation.” As chairman of the Newspaper Code Committee, and a member of the sub committee handling negotiations at Washington, Davis reviewed events leading up to final presidential ap proval of the daily newspaper code and the graphic arts code February 24. “The daily newspaper code has now been in operation slightly more than one month,” he said. 1,100 Have Signed Code. “Under its provisions only those newspapers which specifically assent to it are under its jurisdiction. Near ly 1,100 newspapers have so signified their assent. • * * “When the code authority was or ganized your Code Committee's work was concluded. "When it began in July, the com mittee had no idea the problem would take so long a period for solution. Whether it is solved or not will be demonstrated with the passing of time, but I think I can speak for every member of the Code Committee when I say that each one gave of his time and effort unselfishly and un stintedly and I believe the daily news paper publishers of this country have a good code under which to operate, a code which is clear, concise and specific in its terms and effect.” Three Problems Cited. During the negotiations subsequent to presidential approval, three points developed. Davis said. One was maintenance of the news paper boy delivery and sales system; two, demands of organized labor rep resentatives for a wage scale; and. three, the request of the newly organ ized newswriters’ guild for recognition in the code. "It was the committee’s position from the outset that the newspaper boy delivery system should be main tained.” Davis told the publishers. “Your committee did consent to a modification of the original provision respecting the employment of news paper boys, which limits the hours of work in street sales at night to those under 16 years of age and pro hibits such night selling by persons under 16 years of age after 7 o'clock In the Winter months, and 8 o'clock tn the Summer months. “With respect to the demand of certain labor leaders for wage scales, vour committee from the outset took Dental Health' Poster Prizes Awarded Lillian Friedman, Sidney Kent and William Dyer, representing Eastern, Western and McKinley High Schools, i respectively, were presented with prizes as winners of the District Dental Society poster contest, by Dr. Frank W. Bal ! lou, superintendent of schools, at a dental health meeting in Central High School last night. Prizes were also awarded in junior high and elementnary school classes. Left to right shows Dr. Ballou presenting awards to Miss Friedman, Kent and Dyer. —Star Staff Photo. the position it was impossible to ac cede to such a demand, insisting that the difference in the cost of living conditions, respective earnings and established trade customs, made it not only impracticable, but impossible to do more than follow the maximum hours and minimum wages contained in the code. As a result • * * the code « • * sets forth no wage scales as such. * * * "Conferences were held with the guild representatives after the hear ing. as a result of which the Code Committee ordered a survey of hours, wages and working conditions of newswriters and approved a provision in the code authorizing such action as the code authority might approve to fix maximum hours and minimum wages as a result of this survey. "The survey has been completed, but the problem is now that of the code authority." McCormick Praises Work. Col.' R. R. McCormick, publisher of the Chicago Tribune, chairman of the Committee on Freedom of the Press, and militant exponent of free speech and the free press, declared: "If newspaper publishers had rested supine last Summer, I think they would have been In the same position as the New Jersey tailor who was jailed for pressing a suit for 35 cents, or the milkman of New York State who wws prosecuted for selling a quart of milk for 9 cents.” Freedom of the press, he said, ‘‘is the right, not only of newspaper publishers, but of every citizen who wishes to criticize any law of Con gress." Col. McCormick asserted that legis lative bodies “can be just as tyran nical as monarchs." "The press should not be compelled to accept special governmental con trol," he continued. "Obviously, a Government can not suppress free dom of the press by general laws, al though special legislation can be en acted to suppress publication." Constitutional guarantees of free dom of press and speech were also discussed by John Stewart Bryan of the Richmond. Va.. News-Leader, and a member of the Code Committee. Encouraging developments in the newspaper national advertising field were noted today at the convention. "Three symptoms of improved con ditions in the front office” of Ameri can newspapers were contained in the twenty-first annual report of the American Newspaper Publishers As sociation Bureau of Advertising, as submitted by Edwin S. Friendly of the New York Sun, chairman of the com mittee in charge of the bureau. Increase 21.6 Per Cent. "The first quarter of 1934 continued the increase in national advertising volume that began last year, with an average gain of 21.6 per cent over the same three months or 1933,” Friendly reported. "Volume of national advertising In 1933 reflects the stability of our medium, compared with the year pre ceding and with the records of other major mediums. 'The newspaper’s share of the na tional advertiser's dollar showed an appreciable increase in 1933. "National advertisers invested $145. 000.000 in newspaper space in 1933, according to Bureau of Advertising estimates. This represented a decline of slightly more than 9 per cent from the figure of a year ago (19321. The $94,000,000 magazine expenditure re ported for last year represents a drop of 18.2 per cent compared with 1932, while $31,500,000 invested in chain broadcast indicates a loss of 19.2 per cent compared with the investment of a year preceding." MAGIGIANS TO ACT. Members of the Washington Society of Amateur Magicians will entertain a group of guests tonight in the audi torium of the All-States Hotel with feats of magic and sleight of hand, it was announced by Charles Small, president. Among Washington amateurs to take part are Charles Catanach. Wal ter Freeman, Theodore T. Golden, Dean Longfellow of George Washing ton University, Ray Otterback. Comdr. C. C. Slayton, U. S. N.. and Frederick H. Unteidt. A talk will be made by Dr. Henry Ridgely Evans, authority on magic. ECONOMISTS RAP Monetary Policy Committee Fears National Calamity in Bimetalism. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, April 25 —The Execu tive Committee of the Economists' National Committee on Monetary Pol icy, headed by Prof. Edwin W. Kem merer of Princeton, said yesterday the passage of the silver bills nowr pend ing in Congress would be disastrous to economic recovery. Expressing its hostility to pending proposals "whether they involve the introduction of bimetallism or sym metalism. or the purchase of silver for the purpose of Increasing our silver reserves, or the circulation of silver or silver certifictaes," the committee | said: i "No additional silver should be pur i chased at any price. "The purchase of silver bullion at artificial prices will not promote sound i recovery, but on the contrary will add j to the liabilities of the Government and reduce confidence in the Nation's j currency. "The restoration of bimetallism at a ratio of 16 to 1 would be a national | calamity. I "A rise in the price of silver benefits | materially neither domestic industry | nor the foreign trade of the United ' States.” The measure before Congress, the Kemmerer group of economists said, call “for a subsidy to silver producers and additions to the heavy Treasury liability for debased coinage * • * for the purchase of an amount of silver sufficient to destroy what little there i is left of our American gold stand ard.” When your OIL goes wrong ...so does your burner TODAY there are many good makes of perfected burners. Yours, no doubt, is one of them. But when your burner stops with oil in the tank, more often than not the cause is due to lack of uniformity in the oil you buy. Don’t blame the burner if the trouble is with the oil. Tydol Heating Oil is a uniform, first quality oil.;; always the same! Its source is owned, and its quality controlled.* Whatever grade of oil is best for your burner ; : ; that is the grade of Tydol Heating Oil you get. The great Tydol resources mean an adequate supply of the grade you need at all times .;. It is never necessary to substitute an inferior oil or an improper grade. Clean-burning Tydol is smooth-flowing in the coldest weather ;;; and free from sulphur which corrodes your burner. There is no carbon deposit::: no smelly, faulty combustion which spells w-a-s-t-e. Tydol is all heat; : > yet it costs no more than old-fashioned heating oils; 1 TIDE WATER OIL COMPANY Plant, Royal and Wythe Streets, Alexandria, Va. f Telephone or write for free booklet,"Let last year’s Fuel Bills pick this Year's Oil." Make sure you get all the heat you pay for. Find out about Tydol today ::: and the prompt, courteous service you can count on any hour of the day or night. WHEN YOUR OIL IS RIGHT... SO IS YOUR BURNER _ _ _ • CLEAN BURNING! Tide Water Oil Company Plant, Royal & Wythe Sts., Alexandria, Va. Please send me, without obligation, a copy of your new book on heating oil economy. * xr'—** 1 - HEATING OIL r - ~ MADE BY THE MAKERS OF TRIFLE “X” TYDOL CASOLINE --- k W A Three High School Students Honored for Health •Posters. Lillian Friedman, Sidney Kent and William Dyer were awarded first, sec ond and third prises, respectively, in the high school health poster con test sponsored by the District Dental Society. They represent Eastern, West ern and McKinley High Schools. Dr. Frank W. Ballou, superintendent of public schools, made the awards last night at a dental health meeting in Central High School. Eastern High School won the award for the 10 best posters submitted by one high school, the artists being Miss Friedman, Ethel Deike, William Groomes, Agnes Sullivan, Mildred Lenhart, Phyllis Hickman, Harry Fonoroff, Edward Lawless, Fred Wolfe and Robert Kobre. Dr. Morgan Speaks. Dr. William Gerry Morgan, dean of Georgetown Medical School, spoke on "Focal Inspection in Relation to Sys temic Disease.” The effect on gen eral health, which can be brought about by unsound teenth was cited by Dr. Morgan, who also praised the work of the dentist in collaborating with the medical profession in the battle for better health. Dr. W. W. Wyman, president of the society, presided and introduced Dr. George Albert Smith, chairman of the Oral Hygiene and Public Instruc tion Committee, who also spoke. Com missioner Melvin C. Hazen expressed his interest in the work of the dental society. Dr. C. Willard Camalier in troduced the distinguished guests. Music and vocal selections were pre sented by the Inter-Junior High School Orchestra and the Washington j Choral Society, directed by Franklin E. Jackson and Louis Potter, respec tively. Others Honored. Eleanor Peters. Marguerite Camp bell and Jerry O'Day were honored for their poster contest work iu the junior high school class, representing Elliott and Gordon Junior High Schools. Those whose work was selected as the best 10 posters from Gordon Junior High School are: Miss Campbell. Jerry O’Day. Mary Dement. Leo Stoutsenberger, Lathrop Beale, Harriet Johnson, Wayne Dor man, Phyllis Demond, Semmes Ives and Erna Grunewald. In the elementary class, first prize went to Marjorie Welch of Madison School; second to Morris Cohen of Addison, and third to Harold Fritter, representing the Park View School. Madison School won the award for the five best posters, drawn by Miss Welch. Margaret Fahrney, Annabelle McCrea, Lorraine Miller and Mar garet Hicks. More than 700 posters were entered in the contest, arranged by Dr. Dennis J. O'Donnell of the Poster Committee. All were on display In the school lobby last night. RELIEF HEAD RETIRES Mrs. Charles A. Goldsmith Leaves Hebrew Society. After serving for 15 years as presi dent of the United Hebrew Relief So ciety, which is now known as the Jewish Social Service Agency, Mrs. Charles A. Goldsmith will retire from that office at the annual meeting to night, which will be held in the Com munity Chest headquarters, 1101 M street. Officers and members of the board for the ensuing year will be elected. DOBBS HATS ~_1MEN3 WEARI Fine Cheviots featuring TWEED EFFECTS Rough fabrics that arc unsurpassed in handsome appearance and can really take if, when it comes to enduring wear. SUITS *30 -Greater Value Tailor work that hasn’t “cut corners” to give you a moderate price. There’s hon esty in every stitch. Come in and see just how good a $30 West Suit can be. Sidney West,1 14th & G Sts. EUGENE C. GOTT, President — New A. P. Telephoto Service Combines Scientific Marvels Revolutionary Machines, Which Will Be Installed in 24 Cities, Speed Trans mission and Reproduce Perfectly, By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, April 25.-Operation of the revolutionary telephotographic service which the Associated Press will give its members was explained yesterday by N. A. Huse, executive editor of the A. P. News Photo Service. At the transmislson point, this will happen: "A positive photo print will be wrapped around a cylinder, which may be 11 by 17 inches In slse, or half the size of a newspaper page.” said Huse. “The motor starts. It travels horizontally at the rate of one inch a minute. Thus, the picture, If it is the maximum size of 11 by 17 inches, will be sent In 17 minutes. Light Valve Innovation. “A light which falls on the surface of the print at an angle of 45 degrees will allow the reflection of the print's into every telephotographic bureau in j the United States the human voice, ; thus permitting Instantaneous co ordination of the service. "The equipment requires a room 12 1 by 20 feet. It requires nine months to build the machines. Twenty-four machines have been in the process of manufacture now for six weeks so there is every expectation that the new service can start by January 1, 1935. “Twenty-four cities already have contracted for the service, involving wire mileage of some 10.000 miles and covering all portions of the United States, Including the southeastern tip at Miami for picking up important news pictures from Cuba, the West Indies and Central and South America. "In the 24 cities, 35 Associated Press members already have sub scribed to the service. "It represents a radical forward step compared with previous picture trans mission methods. “First, transmission of a picture may begin the Instant a print Is re ceived in any bureau. Previously, one hour was required at the start to prepare a special transparency before sending. "Second, the maximum size picture that could be sent was 7 by 5 inches with the result that when it was en larged to a one-half page size the imperfections vere magnified. This new process will send a one-half page picture requiring no enlarging. “Third, transmission of news pic tures will be substantially speedier than before. "Fourth, as a result of the effect of the light valve, the 100 lines an inch on the print are so diffused and absorbed as to be almost imperceptible to the naked eye.” ' • .. LIQUOR PROFITS OREGON $110,436 Above Expenses Real ized in Two and a Half Months. PORTLAND, Oreg., April 25 OP).— During two and a half months in the liquor business the State of Oregon re alized $110.436.26 above operating ex penses. and now finds business im proving, Administrator George L. Sammis reported yesterday. “The commission is well pleased.” said George H. McMorran, chairman. “It is even better than we expected.” The figures arc as of April 1. lights and shadows through a light valve which opens and shuts at the rate of 1,200 times a second. This light valve is an innovation in tele* photography. “This reflection falls upon a photo electric cell whose impulses are trans mitted over the wires simultaneously to all receiving points. "These impulses strike another photo-electric cell of the receiving machine. This cell’s impulses in turn pass through a light valve to a sensi tized photographic film. “This film is encased in a cylindrical light-proof holder, wrapped around a cylinder identical in size with the sending cylinder. It is propelled by a motor synchronized to the one millionth of a second with the send ing motor. This synchronization is one of the keys to the success of the apparatus. "In the case of a picture 8 by 10 inches in size, the reception is com pleted at the end of 8 minutes. The film is then taken off the machine and developed like any negative. Any number 'of prints may be made. Operate in Daylight. "Both the sending and receiving machines operate in full daylight. When the wire is not being used to transmit pictures, it will broadcast The BANK for the INDIVIDUAL The Morris Plan ’ .. " il It is not neces* Bank offers the Monthly saryto have had INDIVIDUAL Amt of Depr*; an account at this the facilities of a Not* For Bank in order to SAVINGS •Mor,th’ borrow. 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