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U. S. MEN ASSAILED
Michigan Police Official An swers Charges of Non Co-operation. (Continued From First Page.) kind” when informed of the petition. ‘•We'll get Dillinger soon, ’ he added. The petition was presented at a meeting last night of 50 members cf the Lakeland Development Associa tion, which went on record as in dorsing the petition and favoring its circulation Text of retition. The petition addressed to the De partment of Justice, read: "We respectfully petition for the suspension of Melvin H. Purvis as head of the Bureau of Investigation for the United States Department of Justice for this area pending an in vestigation of the irresponsible con duct of Federal operatives on the night of April 22, in raiding the John Dillinger gang hideout in such a stupid manner as to bring about the deaths of two men and injury to four others, none of whom were gangsters. We charge: "First: Failure to seek the aid of persons familiar with the Mercer re sort area who could have prevented the escape of the Dillinger gang over the only highways leading from the hideout at Little Bohemia merely by barricading three nearby bridges. "Second: Wanton recklessness and disregard for human life in firing on a car bearing three unarmed and re spected citizens, killing one and wounding two. "Third: Criminal stupidity of two United States agents acting evidently either with insufficient instruction or In disregard of orders for caution in approaching a suspicious car parked near the Alvin Koerner home with no attempt at concealment and with weapons held so they could not be drawn for a defense, as a result of which a lone bajidit slew one agent, seriously wounded a constable and in jured another agent.” Meanwhile America's million-dollar murderer with a puny $25 price tag on his head—and the blood of 13 men across his bullet-blazed trail—mocked an army of more than 5,000 officers who hunted him. "We'll have John Dillinger before long,” said the Department of Justice through its divison of investigation at Chicago. The earnestness of the Govern ment's determination was witnessed by both the great number and high caliber of agents they threw into the hunt. Cost Put at $2,000,000. In a criminal career dating only from last June—not yet a year—this 31-year-old small-town man from In diana has cost an estimated $1,500, 000 in law enforcement funds and an other $500,000 in loot from banks he has robbed; yet the only reward of fered today for his capture is the nominal $25, which the State of In diana offers automatically for the ar rest of parole violators. From the Attorney General at Washington on down, the Government pointed its full strength at this one man. Reinforcements went into the field today, among them W. A. Rcrer, the officer who brought about the ar rest oi another public menace. George (Machine Gun) Kelly, kidnaper-gun man now serving a life sentence in Federal prison. Rorer was in command of the small army of Government officers concen trated in the wooded section of north ern Wisconsin, where DilUnger’s Sun day night escape from a tavern left two dead in his wake. Th Federal men, however, formed only a small part of the still larger army of approximately 5,000 State, city and county officers who were rombing the underworld haunts of five Middle West States, confident that it was only a question of hours before they would either have Dil linger alive or send him back to In diana in ‘‘a wooden box.” Aided—or handicapped, as the case may be—by hundreds and thousands of "tips'' that Dillinger had been ‘'seen” in various parts of Illinois, Indiana, Ohio. Minnesota and Wis consin, the officers pushed their hunt relentlessly. Fear Break Attempt. Among the hundreds of reports and rumors concerning the movements of America’s No. 1 outlaw was one from Muncie. Ind.. that led to the belief that Dillinger's mob might attempt to deliver his pals. Harry Pierpont. Charles Makley and Russell Clark, slayers of Sheriff Jesse Sarbcr of Lima. Ohio, from the Ohio State Prison, at Columbus. Four men rid ing in an automobile with a machine gun near Muncie gave rise to this belief. Extra precautions were also taken at Madison. Wis., where three of the gangs girl iriends, captured alter Sundav night’s gunplay, are held in jail. It was feared Dillinger might try to liberate them. Similar appre hension was manifest at St. Paul, where Evelyn Frechette remained in jail on a charge of harboring the fugitive in an apartment house a few weeks ago. The consensus among the investi gators was that Dillinger’s gang had split into two sections, one hiding out in Minneapolis or St. Paul and the other heading South and East into Illinois. Indiana or Ohio. United States Senator Royal S Copeland of New York, chairman of the Senate Anti-Racketeering Com mittee. charged at Washington that there had been a “pathetic failure of co-operation between Federal, State and local authorities" in the Dillinger hunt. The charge was denied by Mel vin G. Passolt. superintendent of the Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Appre hension. and others. If Dillinger is captured alive the State of Wisconsin will put in -. bid for his return on charges of murder, growing out of the Mercer shootings. District attorney Edmund Drager an nounced at Eagle River. Wis., last night, that murder warrants would be issued against Dillinger and four of his pals—George (Baby Face) Nelson, John Hamilton, first lieutenant of the gang: Tom Carroll and Homer Van Meter. HISTORY RECOVERY AID COLUMBUS, Ohio. April 25 (A>).— Establishment of this Nation's inter est in its national and local history would be more worthwhile than a political new deal, Prof. John W. Oliver of the department of history of the University of Pittsburgh said here yesterday. He addressed the annual meeting of the Ohio State Archaeological and Historical Society, declaring a thor ough acquaintance with history in creases the patriotic devotion of a citizenry. “Parade out their history, good and bad. and you will eventually create In them a new realization of then responsibilities and a new devotion to their institutions,’' lie said. A Few of Dillinger’s Toys A few of the weapons which John Dillinger is accustomed to carry with i him are shown above. They were found Monday in the little Bohemia resort near Mercer, Wise., after the outlaw escaped from a trap set by Federal 1 agents. —A. P. Photo. — I j HEBE TOMORROW Body of Justice Agent Slain by Dillinger Gang Re turned. Willis Carter Baum, the 29-year-o!d Department of Justice agent who was ! shot to death Monday by the Dillinger gang, will be buried tomorrow in the | family plot at Rock Creek Church ' Cemetery. The body is being returned to this city today, accompanied by his j widow and their two small children. Margaret Ann. 2, and Edith Elizabeth. : less than a year old. i Baum was killed at Spider Lake. Wis.. after Department of Justice | agents had trapped John Dillinger i and several of his followers in an inn. The dead justice agent was a native of the District and a member of the l bar both here and in Virginia. He was a graduate of George Washington i University and a noted tennis player Mrs. Baum is a daughter of Rev. and Mrs. John A. Grose of Laytons ville. Md.. and is a trained nurse, graduate cf Sibley Hospital Training School. The body will be taken to the Pumphrey funeral establishment. Sil I ver Spring. Md.. on arrival here. The ; family and friends will gather at the luneral home at 2 p.m. tomorrow. The cortege will proceed from there to Rock Creek Chapel, where services will be held. Rev. c. S. Briggs, pastor cf Ryland M. E. Church, will officiate ' and burial will follow in the cemetery. Pallbearers will be Lee R. Penning ! ton. acting agent in charge of the Washington field office of the United ■ States Division of Investigation; Rob ert G. Carter, F. E. Carter. William G. i Carter, Henry Hall and Golden Yeat ; man. Pennington is a relative of Baum by marriage and the others also are related to the murdered i agent. ! J. Edgar Hoover, director of the j Division of Investigation, and other officials will attend the funeral. Suriving. in addition to his widow and two children, are his father, who resides in California, and an aunt, Mrs. William Golden Taylor, of Chevy Chase, Md. - . LEG BROKEN IN JAIL, DECLARES LAWYER Trial of Hyattsville Prisoner Charged With Driving While Drunk Delayed. By a Staff Correspondent of The Star. HYATTSVILLE, Md„ April 25 — j Claiming his client’s leg was broken when he was thrown down the steps 1 of the Hyattsville lock-up and forced ; to remain in jail 16 hours without j medical attention. Attorney John F. | Lillard today obtained continuance j of the trial of a man charged with | driving while drunk. According to ■ Lillard George A. Welland, 43, 300 block of Ninth street southeast suf fered a broken leg when thrown down the steps of the lock-up about 1 a m. Sunday. Although Welland repeatedly asked for medical attention no one was per mitted to see him, Lillard said, until he was released Sunday afternoon. He was taken to Casualty Hospital J by members of his family and found to have a fractured left leg. Welland was arrested along with | Edward G. Purdy, 1200 block of C i street southwest, and Monroe Huth, I 300 block of Third street. Purdy was j charged with driving while drunk, ! reckless driving and intoxication and j was released on bond. Welland and i Huth posted collateral on charges of being drunk. When the cases were called in Po 1 lice Court today the collateral posted by the two men was forfeited and the case against Purdy continued four weeks on motion of Lillard, so that Welland could be able to appear as a witness. SAVE 221/2% On Your Hot-Water Syttem Prices Have Advanced By purchasing ** carloads of hot-water heaters before the advance in price, we will continue to sell at the old price as long as they last. NOW! BUY $275°° Completely Installed Immediate j l nit allot ion NO MONEY DOWN 1st Payment on July 1st One to Three Years to Pay If- Year Guarantee Free Estimates at Your Convenience ECONOMY HEATING CO. 906 10th St. N.W. ME. 2132 PLANE USE LIKELY War Department Officials Declare Cummings’ Crit icism Mistake. The way apparently was being cleared today for use of Army planes in the search for John Dillinger, after a statement by Attorney General Cummings to the effect that the War Department had turned the "cold shoulder" on previous requests for military planes in pursuing criminals. Secretary of War Dem was not at his desk this morning, but other War Department officials indicated their belief that a "misunderstanding” was responsible for Cummings’ criticism. They said they "felt certain” the Jus tice Department could obtain Army planes in any emergency, such as the attempt to capture Dillinger in Wis consin Sunday night. Letters Passed on Request. The Associated Press quoted Cum mings as saying: "I took this matter up with them (the War Department) three or four months ago and got a cold shoulder on it. Then the airmail situation came along and I did not press the matter.” It was learned that letters passed between Cummings and Dern regard ing the request for Army planes about the time of the search for the kid napers of Charles F. Urschel. Okla homa millionaire. At the War De partment it was said, however, no record could be found of any request for planes having been received. In an interview Cummings said the Department of Justice wants air planes. armored cars and more men to fight the underworld. “If we had had an armored car up there in Wisconsin,” he said, “our men could have driven right up to the house where Dlllinger was. The ter rible tragedy then would not have happened.” Justice Department motor equip ment consists of machines confis cated during prohibition days. Many of these were said to be in a dilapi dated condition. Seeks Armored Cars. “I think we ought to have a reason able number of cars—cars that can go as fast as the devil.” Cummings said. “And we ought to have two or three armored cars.” There are now about 400 special agents in the Division of Investiga tion, 70 of them being accountants. The division has clerks and other help which brings the enrollment up to about 1,000. “We need about 200 more,” the Attorney General observed. “The trouble now is that the men work on one job and, when a hurry call comes, they have to drop everything and go to that.” -• Mexican Blast Injures 30. PUEBLA, Mexico, April 25 (A>).— Dispatches from Tlacotepec reported last night that 30 persons were burned or injured, some probably fatally, in a gasoline tank explosion. Two am bulances with medical aid were rushed to the scene. STAR RADIO CO. 1 15e A DAY PAYS FOR A NEW LEONARD ELECTRIC REFRIGERATOR NO CASH DOWN STAR RADIO 1350 F St N.W. 3022 14th St N.W. 409 11th St N.W. Business Group Denounced by House Committee Head for “Propaganda.” BY DAVID LAWRENCE. There have been many assaults on the right of a citizen to exercise his l constitutional rights, and thus far freedom of speech and freedom of the press have been declared by the new j dealers to be Immune from their web j of economic reform, but the latest | drive is directed against an entirely different constitutional privilege—the right of petition. Within the last week members of business organizations, believing that they had the right to petition Con gress, have sent petitions to commit tees asking for the revision of pending legislation and for changes in pro posed bills. One of the groups—a committee of business men organized at the re quest of the N. R. A.—saw fit to ex press its view to the House of Repre sentatives through the proper com mittee. This step now has been denounced by the chairman of the committee as unwarranted propaganda and an im proper approach to the legislative branch of the Government. The par ticular point involved is that the Durable Goods Committee, in present ing its case, happened to propose the same objections to the pending stock exchange bill that various members of the New York Stock Exchange did. The argument made against the Dur able Goods Committee is that, while they claimed to represent business men, their views coincided with those of the stock exchange opponents of the bill. Drive Against Bill. The President himself has said that a concerted drive, very powerful in ; its organization, was trying to defeat the stock exchange bill. There is no ! secret about it. The people in the i brokerage business think the legisla j tion pending will force the honest and the dishonest to close up shop and that, just as was the case with the securities act, it is as if the ad ministration, in order to stop train wrecks, were to suspend all railroad travel. Does a business man or a group of business men who think they are go ing to be deprived of their means of livelihood have the right to petition Congress to redress their grievances? The. Constitution says they have. Can a congressional committee refuse a hearing to such citizens? They may compel the protesting groups to file their grievances in writing, but this has not heretofore been regarded as reprehensible conduct. The new dealers insist that they do not intend to abrogate or suspend constitutional guarantees, but often they give the impression that who ever attempts to exercise those privi leges must do so in conformity with the new deal’s conception of what is right and proper. It is often asserted by members of Congress, and quite recently it was revealed at the White House that any concerted attack on a govern mental policy is considered to be, somehow, a corrupt or sinister step. As a matter of fact the average citi zen who does not wish passage of a law which injures him from an eco nomic standpoint wants some organ ization of which he is a member to express his view for him and usually he is quite willing to sign an identical message because it represents his viewpoint better than one he could draft himself. Question of Sincerity. But, when a number of individuals send the same letter or telegram, members of Congress and the White House denounce it as propaganda. The only real question at issue is whether the signers sent the messages or whether they authorized the send ing of the communications. If it is argued that individuals should not unite with other individuals in petitioning Congress, then the right of collective bargaining, which is so freely granted to workers nowadays, apparently is not going to be granted to business men who wish to negotiate with Congress in groups on economic matters affecting the life or death of their businesses. For the right of petition by groups is not essentially different from the right of collective bargaining, or the right of labor organizations to petition Congress through spokesmen of their own choosing. For many years, the constitutional right of petition has been scarcely observed, but the de nunciation of groups for seeking to exercise this right of petition is one of the things that may lead to a movement to suppress the right of petition altogether. Some of the new dealers, of course, would like to have the privilege of legislating behind closed doors and without the inter ested parties or affected groups being permitted either to express themselves or to persuade their fellow citizens to protest. The right of petition was the safeguard put into the Consitution to prevent autocracy and legislative abuses. (Copyright. 1934.) House Library Committee Favors Naming of Group to Study Question. Plana for development of a great national botanic garden in Washing ton moved a step nearer to accom plishment today when the House Li brary Committee unanimously and favorably reported the Keller resolu tion providing for appointment of a special committee to study the whole question and report to Congress its recommendations. The resolution, which was intro duced by Representative Kent Keller of Illinois, chairman of the House committee, names as chairman of the special committee to make the in quiry Frederic A. Delano, head of the National Capital Park and Planning Commission. Included in the mem bership are Secretary Barkley, chair man of the Senate Library Committee and of the Joint Committee on Library of Congress: Keller, other members of Senate and House, and represen tatives of the garden clubs and hor ticultural societies of the country and representatives of the Department of Agriculture. Adoption Expected. The resolution now goes on the House calendar and Representative Keller plans to call it up for early consideration. Members of the Li brary Committee said today that they fully expected the adoption of the resolution. Demands for a botanic garden which will be the equal if not the superior of any botanic garden in the world have been made by representa tives of the horicultural societies and garden clubs. The present United States Botanic Garden has been de clared to be entirely inadequate. The first move toward improvement was the introduction of a bill by Senator Robinson of Arkansas, Democratic leader, providing for the transfer of the control of the Botanic Garden to the Department of Agriculture, which is well equipped with scientists to conduct such a garden. The Garden Club of America and other garden and horticultural organizations got behind the measure, and have pressed strongly for its passage. Resolution Wins Support. The Keller resolution providing for a special committee to Investigate the whole subject of the Botanic Garden and make recommendations is re ceiving the support of the garden people, who believe that it offers the best and most intelligent way of deal ing with the subject. Representative Luce of Massa chusetts, a member of the Library Committee and at one time its chair man. said today that he had no doubt the House would approve the Keller resolution. He added that he con sidered the proposal for the creation of a special committee to investigate and report to Congress regarding the development of the Botanic Garden the ideal method of dealing with the matter. He pointed out that the per sonnel of the proposed committee in cluded the men best qualified to make recommendations to Congress what should be done. For many years the Botanic Garden has been under the sole control of the Joint Library Committee of Congress The proposed membership of the committee on the Botanic Garden as provided in the Keller resolution is as follows: Frederic A. Delano (chairman Na tional Capital Park and Planning Commissioni. chairman: Senator Al ben W. Barkley (.chairman of the Joint Committee on the Library), vice chairman: Representative Kent E. Keller (chairman of the House Com mittee on the Library), second vice chairman: Senator Peter Norbeck (member of Committee on Agriculture ! and Forestry), Representative Robert Luce (former chairman of the House 1 Committee on the Library), Frederick j V. Covllle (acting director of the Na- ' tional Arboretum), B. Y. Morrison (head of division of foreign plant in troduction, Bureau of Plant Industry. Department of Agriculture), William R. Maxon (associate curator, division of plants, Smithsonian Institution), C. Stuart Gager (director of the Brook lyn Botanic Gardens), Leicester B. Holland (chief, division of fine arts, Library of Congress), Oakes Ames (di rector of the Arnold Arboretum. Harvard University), George T. Moore (director ol the Missouri Botanical Gardens), L. H. Bailey (professor of horticulture. Cornell University), H. H. Bartlett (director of botanical gar den and arboretum, University of WANTED! 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HEXASOL —the dependable saline laxative SOLD AT ALL GOOD DRUtt STORES l Plays Tonight ORGANIST TO FEATURE “MUSICAL EVENING.” ALBERT RUPPEL, Youthful organ virtuoso who will be heard in a recital this evening at 8 o’clock in St. Alban’s Episcopal Church under auspices of the church choir. This will be the third and final "musical evening’’ planned for this season. Walter Nash, organist and choirmaster has been in charge REVIS OIL PUN Substitute for Refinery Sec tion of Code Designed to Restore Order. By the Associated Press. As a substitude for the refinery sec tion of the oil code, Secietary Ickes, in his capacity as petroleum adminis trator, has approved a revised plan to restore order in the production end of the oil industry. Under the oil code revision, an en larged planning and co-ordination committee will be enabled to balance production of gasoline with consump tion demand through proration of an allowable total fixed by the oil ad ministration for refineries throughout the country. For the purpose of administering the new provision, the administration will divide the country into refinery districts. Co-ordinator to Allocate. The total allowable refinery produc tion, to be announced 20 days in ad vance, will be allocated among the districts by a national co-ordinator. , who will be selected by the Planning and Co-ordination Committee, subject to the approval of the President. The actual allocation of production i among the refineries in the districts ; will be made by district co-ordlnators or district committees, either of which may be appointed by the Planning and Co-ordinating Committee. Refiners disputing the allowance given them may appeal to the Planning and Co ordination Committee and to the ad ministrator as a last resort. Ickes said the plan was suggested by representatives of all groups in the industry and by the Petroleum Ad- j ministrative Board, which he set up to assist in code administration. Penalties the Same. Violations of the new refinery sec- | tion will be considered violations of the code and subject to the same penalties. For the purpose of giving better representation on the Planning and Co-ordination Committee, 11 new members were added, bringing its membership to 26. The Refining. Pro duction and Marketing Committees also were expanded. Michigan), Rodney H. True (director of the Morris Arboretum, University of Pennsylvania), Mrs. Frank B. Noyes (special representative of the Garden Club of America), Mrs. Fairfax Har rison (representing Garden Club of America). Harlan P. Kelsey (member of the Massachusetts Horticultural Society), Robert Pyle (chairman of Committee on Botanical Gardens and Arboretums, American Association of Nurserymen). John G. Bradley (clerk of the House Committee on the Li brary), executive secretary. PICTURES REVEAL Academy of Science Sees Photographs Magnified 200 Million Times. BY THOMAS R. HENRY. The first photograph of atoms, magnified 200,000,000 times, were shown before the National Academy of Sciences yesterday, by Dr. Arthur H. Compton of the University of Chi cago. By a special technique In which X-rays were used instead of ordinary light. Dr. Compton and his associate. Dr. E. O. Wollan were able to obtain a visual image of the fundamental unit of matter, far beyond the range of the most powerful microscope and so tiny that there are millions of them in point of a pin. Hitherto picturization "of the atom has been largely a matter of scientific imagination based on deductions from Its behavior. The Xray pictures showed the atoms of the rare gasses, helium, neon and argon, to be Just about what the physicists had cal culated. Filled by Electricity. The helium atom—next to hydro gen the simplest in the universe—was shown by the photographs to be "a diffusely continuous region filled with electricity.” In the more complicated neon and argon atoms the relative postions of the outer electrons could be distinguished. The photographs confirmed the de ductions that the nucleus of the atom was a positively charged region and that around it. like planets around the cun. revolved a number of nega- ; tively charged particles. These pho tographs represent man’s farthest sensory advance into the region of the infinitely little which physicists : look upon as the ultimate reality be hind the diverse forms of all things. A formula for the universe was pre sented to the academy yesterday by Sir Arthur Eddington, celebrated British mathematician and relativist, in an effort to bring about harmony between the relativity theory of Ein stein and the quantum theory of Planck. The one deduced the exis tence of mass from the structure cf space itself. The other deduced the electric charge from the same thing, but each required a model siightly different from the other. Since there is only one universe, it was difficult to conceive of beth being right. Yet Doth seemed to work. The harmonization of the two hy potheses has engaged the attention of “Make Way For SpJutKf- 1934” Mr. ELMAN • MR. BERNARD ELMAN (of M. S. Ginn A Co., 920 14th St.) asks: "Breathes there a man •with soul so dead he can't feel the dynamic urge of Spring 1934 to DRESS UP and GO PLACES ? ? r • MR. ELMAN is as right as his crisp ' Bi-Swing" SUIT ($30) in soft granite-grey— and his nochalant Beau Geste HAT ($5) just selected from C. D. CHAPMAN! 11 • YESSUH1 Feel the vibrant, electric Spirit of ACTION in Spring 1934 air 1 1 It's "Cherry Blossom Carnival" at the 3 style-packed D. J. Kaufman stores—and our NEW CLOTHES are alive in every stitch and line with the Spirit of Spring 1934! Your Kaufmen BUDGET ACCOUNT will be ready to use TOMORROW if you MAIL this coupon TONITEI NO red tape or embarrass, ing questions! Get acquainted with the Kou Budget Flan of buying good clothes this Sp YES. I wont a Kaufmen Budget Account. I understand NO J CASH PAYMENT is needed and I pay in either six semi• • monthly, or 12 weekly, payments. J Name .. J Address . J • Age ... Income . Employed by . I a Other Accounts (it any)...4. 2 a ... . • ...*.. a a Phone. I ■ — a D- J. KAUFMAN -W 1005 Pa. Ave. 1744 Pa. Ave. 14th and Eye ‘•madia Jo. KB* Badati Bar."—WBC. Than. «:M T. M. science for the past 10 years, with a gradual approach toward a reconcilia tion. Sir Arthur wrote them both into one formula—literally a descrip tion of all things in a dozen mathe matical symbols. But, it was ex plained, it is essentially untranslat able from mathematics into words. The human body loses more than half its heat by radiation, the Acad emy was told by Drs. Eugene F. Du Bois and James D. Hardy of the Russell Sage Institute, in the report on a study of extremely delicate meas urements of the surface temperature of the skin. The surprising fact found was that the heat lost in this way does not vary greatly in amount be tween conditions of health and fever. The fever victim apparently is storing large amounts of heat in the body for short intervals. Verification of the hypothesis that the germ of poliomyelitis, or infantile paralysis, gets into the nervous sys tem only through the nose was offered by Dr. Simon Flexner of the Rocke feller Institute. Lower animals were absolved by his experiments of the charge of being carriers of the disease Feeding with the virus failed to pro duce the disease. It is spread. Dr. Flexner said, from individual to in dividual through nose and throat se cretions and its only portal of en trance is along the pathway of the olefactory nerve leading to the cen tral nervous system. Matter Transmuted. The old dream of transmuting mat ter—changing one element into an other—has been realized at the Cali fornia Institute of Technology by the use of extremely powerful X-ray ap paratus, it was announced by Dr. Robert A. Millikan, but it is far from practical for any but experimental purposes. Carbon is bombarded with the heavy radiation particles, but only when there is a direct hit is a new state of matter obtained—and the hits are about one in a billion ••shots” fired. At the annual dinner of the acad emy last night five awards of the academy were presented, two to Washington men. The Charles Doo little Walcott medal tor paleontolog ical research went to Dr. David White, veteran geologist of the United States Geological Survey, for study of fossil algae in the Grand Canyon. The Public Welfare medal was award ed to David Fairchild, formerly of the Department of Agriculture, for plant exploration and introduction of new plants into the United States. Other awards were: Agassiz medal to Dr. Bjorn Hel land-Hansen, Bergen, Norway, for study of ocean currents. It was re ceived in his absence by Halvard H. Bachke, the Norwegian Minister. Elliot medal for 1930, to Dr. George E. Coghill. Wistar Institute, Phila delphia, lor research on the growth of nerves. Elliot medal for 1931, posthumously awarded to Dr. Davidson Black, for merly of Peiping Union Medical Col lege, Peiping, China, for study of skulls of prehistoric men.