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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, April 25, 1934, Image 5

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U. S. MEN ASSAILED
Michigan Police Official An
swers Charges of Non
Co-operation.
(Continued From First Page.)
kind” when informed of the petition.
‘•We'll get Dillinger soon, ’ he added.
The petition was presented at a
meeting last night of 50 members cf
the Lakeland Development Associa
tion, which went on record as in
dorsing the petition and favoring its
circulation
Text of retition.
The petition addressed to the De
partment of Justice, read:
"We respectfully petition for the
suspension of Melvin H. Purvis as
head of the Bureau of Investigation
for the United States Department of
Justice for this area pending an in
vestigation of the irresponsible con
duct of Federal operatives on the
night of April 22, in raiding the
John Dillinger gang hideout in such
a stupid manner as to bring about
the deaths of two men and injury
to four others, none of whom were
gangsters. We charge:
"First: Failure to seek the aid of
persons familiar with the Mercer re
sort area who could have prevented
the escape of the Dillinger gang over
the only highways leading from the
hideout at Little Bohemia merely by
barricading three nearby bridges.
"Second: Wanton recklessness and
disregard for human life in firing on
a car bearing three unarmed and re
spected citizens, killing one and
wounding two.
"Third: Criminal stupidity of two
United States agents acting evidently
either with insufficient instruction or
In disregard of orders for caution in
approaching a suspicious car parked
near the Alvin Koerner home with no
attempt at concealment and with
weapons held so they could not be
drawn for a defense, as a result of
which a lone bajidit slew one agent,
seriously wounded a constable and in
jured another agent.”
Meanwhile America's million-dollar
murderer with a puny $25 price tag
on his head—and the blood of 13 men
across his bullet-blazed trail—mocked
an army of more than 5,000 officers
who hunted him.
"We'll have John Dillinger before
long,” said the Department of Justice
through its divison of investigation at
Chicago.
The earnestness of the Govern
ment's determination was witnessed
by both the great number and high
caliber of agents they threw into the
hunt.
Cost Put at $2,000,000.
In a criminal career dating only
from last June—not yet a year—this
31-year-old small-town man from In
diana has cost an estimated $1,500,
000 in law enforcement funds and an
other $500,000 in loot from banks he
has robbed; yet the only reward of
fered today for his capture is the
nominal $25, which the State of In
diana offers automatically for the ar
rest of parole violators.
From the Attorney General at
Washington on down, the Government
pointed its full strength at this one
man. Reinforcements went into the
field today, among them W. A. Rcrer,
the officer who brought about the ar
rest oi another public menace. George
(Machine Gun) Kelly, kidnaper-gun
man now serving a life sentence in
Federal prison.
Rorer was in command of the small
army of Government officers concen
trated in the wooded section of north
ern Wisconsin, where DilUnger’s Sun
day night escape from a tavern left
two dead in his wake.
Th Federal men, however, formed
only a small part of the still larger
army of approximately 5,000 State,
city and county officers who were
rombing the underworld haunts of
five Middle West States, confident
that it was only a question of hours
before they would either have Dil
linger alive or send him back to In
diana in ‘‘a wooden box.”
Aided—or handicapped, as the case
may be—by hundreds and thousands
of "tips'' that Dillinger had been
‘'seen” in various parts of Illinois,
Indiana, Ohio. Minnesota and Wis
consin, the officers pushed their hunt
relentlessly.
Fear Break Attempt.
Among the hundreds of reports and
rumors concerning the movements
of America’s No. 1 outlaw was one
from Muncie. Ind.. that led to the
belief that Dillinger's mob might
attempt to deliver his pals. Harry
Pierpont. Charles Makley and Russell
Clark, slayers of Sheriff Jesse Sarbcr
of Lima. Ohio, from the Ohio State
Prison, at Columbus. Four men rid
ing in an automobile with a machine
gun near Muncie gave rise to this
belief.
Extra precautions were also taken
at Madison. Wis., where three of the
gangs girl iriends, captured alter
Sundav night’s gunplay, are held in
jail. It was feared Dillinger might
try to liberate them. Similar appre
hension was manifest at St. Paul,
where Evelyn Frechette remained in
jail on a charge of harboring the
fugitive in an apartment house a few
weeks ago.
The consensus among the investi
gators was that Dillinger’s gang had
split into two sections, one hiding out
in Minneapolis or St. Paul and the
other heading South and East into
Illinois. Indiana or Ohio.
United States Senator Royal S
Copeland of New York, chairman of
the Senate Anti-Racketeering Com
mittee. charged at Washington that
there had been a “pathetic failure of
co-operation between Federal, State
and local authorities" in the Dillinger
hunt. The charge was denied by Mel
vin G. Passolt. superintendent of the
Minnesota Bureau of Criminal Appre
hension. and others.
If Dillinger is captured alive the
State of Wisconsin will put in -. bid
for his return on charges of murder,
growing out of the Mercer shootings.
District attorney Edmund Drager an
nounced at Eagle River. Wis., last
night, that murder warrants would be
issued against Dillinger and four of
his pals—George (Baby Face) Nelson,
John Hamilton, first lieutenant of the
gang: Tom Carroll and Homer Van
Meter.
HISTORY RECOVERY AID
COLUMBUS, Ohio. April 25 (A>).—
Establishment of this Nation's inter
est in its national and local history
would be more worthwhile than a
political new deal, Prof. John W.
Oliver of the department of history of
the University of Pittsburgh said here
yesterday.
He addressed the annual meeting of
the Ohio State Archaeological and
Historical Society, declaring a thor
ough acquaintance with history in
creases the patriotic devotion of a
citizenry.
“Parade out their history, good and
bad. and you will eventually create
In them a new realization of then
responsibilities and a new devotion to
their institutions,’' lie said.
A Few of Dillinger’s Toys
A few of the weapons which John Dillinger is accustomed to carry with
i him are shown above. They were found Monday in the little Bohemia resort
near Mercer, Wise., after the outlaw escaped from a trap set by Federal
1 agents. —A. P. Photo.

I
j HEBE TOMORROW
Body of Justice Agent Slain
by Dillinger Gang Re
turned.
Willis Carter Baum, the 29-year-o!d
Department of Justice agent who was
! shot to death Monday by the Dillinger
gang, will be buried tomorrow in the
| family plot at Rock Creek Church
' Cemetery. The body is being returned
to this city today, accompanied by his
j widow and their two small children.
Margaret Ann. 2, and Edith Elizabeth.
: less than a year old.
i Baum was killed at Spider Lake.
Wis.. after Department of Justice
| agents had trapped John Dillinger
i and several of his followers in an inn.
The dead justice agent was a native
of the District and a member of the
l bar both here and in Virginia. He
was a graduate of George Washington
i University and a noted tennis player
Mrs. Baum is a daughter of Rev.
and Mrs. John A. Grose of Laytons
ville. Md.. and is a trained nurse,
graduate cf Sibley Hospital Training
School.
The body will be taken to the
Pumphrey funeral establishment. Sil
I ver Spring. Md.. on arrival here. The
; family and friends will gather at the
luneral home at 2 p.m. tomorrow. The
cortege will proceed from there to
Rock Creek Chapel, where services
will be held. Rev. c. S. Briggs, pastor
cf Ryland M. E. Church, will officiate
' and burial will follow in the cemetery.
Pallbearers will be Lee R. Penning
! ton. acting agent in charge of the
Washington field office of the United
■ States Division of Investigation; Rob
ert G. Carter, F. E. Carter. William G.
i Carter, Henry Hall and Golden Yeat
; man. Pennington is a relative of
Baum by marriage and the others
also are related to the murdered
i agent.
! J. Edgar Hoover, director of the
j Division of Investigation, and other
officials will attend the funeral.
Suriving. in addition to his widow
and two children, are his father, who
resides in California, and an aunt,
Mrs. William Golden Taylor, of Chevy
Chase, Md.
- .
LEG BROKEN IN JAIL,
DECLARES LAWYER
Trial of Hyattsville Prisoner
Charged With Driving While
Drunk Delayed.
By a Staff Correspondent of The Star.
HYATTSVILLE, Md„ April 25 —
j Claiming his client’s leg was broken
when he was thrown down the steps
1 of the Hyattsville lock-up and forced
; to remain in jail 16 hours without
j medical attention. Attorney John F.
| Lillard today obtained continuance
j of the trial of a man charged with
| driving while drunk. According to
■ Lillard George A. Welland, 43, 300
block of Ninth street southeast suf
fered a broken leg when thrown down
the steps of the lock-up about 1 a m.
Sunday.
Although Welland repeatedly asked
for medical attention no one was per
mitted to see him, Lillard said, until
he was released Sunday afternoon.
He was taken to Casualty Hospital
J by members of his family and found
to have a fractured left leg.
Welland was arrested along with
| Edward G. Purdy, 1200 block of C
i street southwest, and Monroe Huth,
I 300 block of Third street. Purdy was
j charged with driving while drunk,
! reckless driving and intoxication and
j was released on bond. Welland and
i Huth posted collateral on charges of
being drunk.
When the cases were called in Po
1 lice Court today the collateral posted
by the two men was forfeited and the
case against Purdy continued four
weeks on motion of Lillard, so that
Welland could be able to appear as
a witness.
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PLANE USE LIKELY
War Department Officials
Declare Cummings’ Crit
icism Mistake.
The way apparently was being
cleared today for use of Army planes
in the search for John Dillinger, after
a statement by Attorney General
Cummings to the effect that the War
Department had turned the "cold
shoulder" on previous requests for
military planes in pursuing criminals.
Secretary of War Dem was not at
his desk this morning, but other War
Department officials indicated their
belief that a "misunderstanding” was
responsible for Cummings’ criticism.
They said they "felt certain” the Jus
tice Department could obtain Army
planes in any emergency, such as the
attempt to capture Dillinger in Wis
consin Sunday night.
Letters Passed on Request.
The Associated Press quoted Cum
mings as saying: "I took this matter
up with them (the War Department)
three or four months ago and got a
cold shoulder on it. Then the airmail
situation came along and I did not
press the matter.”
It was learned that letters passed
between Cummings and Dern regard
ing the request for Army planes about
the time of the search for the kid
napers of Charles F. Urschel. Okla
homa millionaire. At the War De
partment it was said, however, no
record could be found of any request
for planes having been received.
In an interview Cummings said the
Department of Justice wants air
planes. armored cars and more men
to fight the underworld.
“If we had had an armored car up
there in Wisconsin,” he said, “our
men could have driven right up to the
house where Dlllinger was. The ter
rible tragedy then would not have
happened.”
Justice Department motor equip
ment consists of machines confis
cated during prohibition days. Many
of these were said to be in a dilapi
dated condition.
Seeks Armored Cars.
“I think we ought to have a reason
able number of cars—cars that can
go as fast as the devil.” Cummings
said. “And we ought to have two or
three armored cars.”
There are now about 400 special
agents in the Division of Investiga
tion, 70 of them being accountants.
The division has clerks and other
help which brings the enrollment up
to about 1,000.
“We need about 200 more,” the
Attorney General observed. “The
trouble now is that the men work on
one job and, when a hurry call comes,
they have to drop everything and go
to that.”
-•
Mexican Blast Injures 30.
PUEBLA, Mexico, April 25 (A>).—
Dispatches from Tlacotepec reported
last night that 30 persons were burned
or injured, some probably fatally, in
a gasoline tank explosion. Two am
bulances with medical aid were rushed
to the scene.
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Business Group Denounced
by House Committee Head
for “Propaganda.”
BY DAVID LAWRENCE.
There have been many assaults on
the right of a citizen to exercise his
l constitutional rights, and thus far
freedom of speech and freedom of the
press have been declared by the new
j dealers to be Immune from their web
j of economic reform, but the latest
| drive is directed against an entirely
different constitutional privilege—the
right of petition.
Within the last week members of
business organizations, believing that
they had the right to petition Con
gress, have sent petitions to commit
tees asking for the revision of pending
legislation and for changes in pro
posed bills.
One of the groups—a committee
of business men organized at the re
quest of the N. R. A.—saw fit to ex
press its view to the House of Repre
sentatives through the proper com
mittee.
This step now has been denounced
by the chairman of the committee as
unwarranted propaganda and an im
proper approach to the legislative
branch of the Government. The par
ticular point involved is that the
Durable Goods Committee, in present
ing its case, happened to propose the
same objections to the pending stock
exchange bill that various members of
the New York Stock Exchange did.
The argument made against the Dur
able Goods Committee is that, while
they claimed to represent business
men, their views coincided with those
of the stock exchange opponents of
the bill.
Drive Against Bill.
The President himself has said that
a concerted drive, very powerful in
; its organization, was trying to defeat
the stock exchange bill. There is no
! secret about it. The people in the
i brokerage business think the legisla
j tion pending will force the honest
and the dishonest to close up shop
and that, just as was the case with
the securities act, it is as if the ad
ministration, in order to stop train
wrecks, were to suspend all railroad
travel.
Does a business man or a group of
business men who think they are go
ing to be deprived of their means of
livelihood have the right to petition
Congress to redress their grievances?
The. Constitution says they have. Can
a congressional committee refuse a
hearing to such citizens? They may
compel the protesting groups to file
their grievances in writing, but this
has not heretofore been regarded as
reprehensible conduct.
The new dealers insist that they do
not intend to abrogate or suspend
constitutional guarantees, but often
they give the impression that who
ever attempts to exercise those privi
leges must do so in conformity with
the new deal’s conception of what is
right and proper.
It is often asserted by members of
Congress, and quite recently it was
revealed at the White House that
any concerted attack on a govern
mental policy is considered to be,
somehow, a corrupt or sinister step.
As a matter of fact the average citi
zen who does not wish passage of a
law which injures him from an eco
nomic standpoint wants some organ
ization of which he is a member to
express his view for him and usually
he is quite willing to sign an identical
message because it represents his
viewpoint better than one he could
draft himself.
Question of Sincerity.
But, when a number of individuals
send the same letter or telegram,
members of Congress and the White
House denounce it as propaganda.
The only real question at issue is
whether the signers sent the messages
or whether they authorized the send
ing of the communications. If it is
argued that individuals should not
unite with other individuals in
petitioning Congress, then the right
of collective bargaining, which is so
freely granted to workers nowadays,
apparently is not going to be granted
to business men who wish to negotiate
with Congress in groups on economic
matters affecting the life or death of
their businesses.
For the right of petition by groups
is not essentially different from the
right of collective bargaining, or the
right of labor organizations to petition
Congress through spokesmen of their
own choosing. For many years, the
constitutional right of petition has
been scarcely observed, but the de
nunciation of groups for seeking to
exercise this right of petition is one
of the things that may lead to a
movement to suppress the right of
petition altogether. Some of the new
dealers, of course, would like to have
the privilege of legislating behind
closed doors and without the inter
ested parties or affected groups being
permitted either to express themselves
or to persuade their fellow citizens
to protest. The right of petition was
the safeguard put into the Consitution
to prevent autocracy and legislative
abuses.
(Copyright. 1934.)
House Library Committee
Favors Naming of Group
to Study Question.
Plana for development of a great
national botanic garden in Washing
ton moved a step nearer to accom
plishment today when the House Li
brary Committee unanimously and
favorably reported the Keller resolu
tion providing for appointment of a
special committee to study the whole
question and report to Congress its
recommendations.
The resolution, which was intro
duced by Representative Kent Keller
of Illinois, chairman of the House
committee, names as chairman of the
special committee to make the in
quiry Frederic A. Delano, head of the
National Capital Park and Planning
Commission. Included in the mem
bership are Secretary Barkley, chair
man of the Senate Library Committee
and of the Joint Committee on Library
of Congress: Keller, other members
of Senate and House, and represen
tatives of the garden clubs and hor
ticultural societies of the country and
representatives of the Department of
Agriculture.
Adoption Expected.
The resolution now goes on the
House calendar and Representative
Keller plans to call it up for early
consideration. Members of the Li
brary Committee said today that they
fully expected the adoption of the
resolution.
Demands for a botanic garden
which will be the equal if not the
superior of any botanic garden in the
world have been made by representa
tives of the horicultural societies and
garden clubs. The present United
States Botanic Garden has been de
clared to be entirely inadequate. The
first move toward improvement was
the introduction of a bill by Senator
Robinson of Arkansas, Democratic
leader, providing for the transfer of
the control of the Botanic Garden
to the Department of Agriculture,
which is well equipped with scientists
to conduct such a garden. The
Garden Club of America and other
garden and horticultural organizations
got behind the measure, and have
pressed strongly for its passage.
Resolution Wins Support.
The Keller resolution providing for
a special committee to Investigate the
whole subject of the Botanic Garden
and make recommendations is re
ceiving the support of the garden
people, who believe that it offers the
best and most intelligent way of deal
ing with the subject.
Representative Luce of Massa
chusetts, a member of the Library
Committee and at one time its chair
man. said today that he had no doubt
the House would approve the Keller
resolution. He added that he con
sidered the proposal for the creation
of a special committee to investigate
and report to Congress regarding the
development of the Botanic Garden
the ideal method of dealing with the
matter. He pointed out that the per
sonnel of the proposed committee in
cluded the men best qualified to
make recommendations to Congress
what should be done. For many
years the Botanic Garden has been
under the sole control of the Joint
Library Committee of Congress
The proposed membership of the
committee on the Botanic Garden as
provided in the Keller resolution is
as follows:
Frederic A. Delano (chairman Na
tional Capital Park and Planning
Commissioni. chairman: Senator Al
ben W. Barkley (.chairman of the
Joint Committee on the Library), vice
chairman: Representative Kent E.
Keller (chairman of the House Com
mittee on the Library), second vice
chairman: Senator Peter Norbeck
(member of Committee on Agriculture !
and Forestry), Representative Robert
Luce (former chairman of the House 1
Committee on the Library), Frederick j
V. Covllle (acting director of the Na- '
tional Arboretum), B. Y. Morrison
(head of division of foreign plant in
troduction, Bureau of Plant Industry.
Department of Agriculture), William
R. Maxon (associate curator, division
of plants, Smithsonian Institution), C.
Stuart Gager (director of the Brook
lyn Botanic Gardens), Leicester B.
Holland (chief, division of fine arts,
Library of Congress), Oakes Ames (di
rector of the Arnold Arboretum.
Harvard University), George T. Moore
(director ol the Missouri Botanical
Gardens), L. H. Bailey (professor of
horticulture. Cornell University), H.
H. Bartlett (director of botanical gar
den and arboretum, University of
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Plays Tonight
ORGANIST TO FEATURE
“MUSICAL EVENING.”
ALBERT RUPPEL,
Youthful organ virtuoso who will
be heard in a recital this evening at
8 o’clock in St. Alban’s Episcopal
Church under auspices of the church
choir. This will be the third and
final "musical evening’’ planned for
this season. Walter Nash, organist
and choirmaster has been in charge
REVIS OIL PUN
Substitute for Refinery Sec
tion of Code Designed
to Restore Order.
By the Associated Press.
As a substitude for the refinery sec
tion of the oil code, Secietary Ickes,
in his capacity as petroleum adminis
trator, has approved a revised plan to
restore order in the production end
of the oil industry.
Under the oil code revision, an en
larged planning and co-ordination
committee will be enabled to balance
production of gasoline with consump
tion demand through proration of an
allowable total fixed by the oil ad
ministration for refineries throughout
the country.
For the purpose of administering
the new provision, the administration
will divide the country into refinery
districts.
Co-ordinator to Allocate.
The total allowable refinery produc
tion, to be announced 20 days in ad
vance, will be allocated among the
districts by a national co-ordinator. ,
who will be selected by the Planning
and Co-ordination Committee, subject
to the approval of the President.
The actual allocation of production i
among the refineries in the districts ;
will be made by district co-ordlnators
or district committees, either of which
may be appointed by the Planning and
Co-ordinating Committee. Refiners
disputing the allowance given them
may appeal to the Planning and Co
ordination Committee and to the ad
ministrator as a last resort.
Ickes said the plan was suggested
by representatives of all groups in the
industry and by the Petroleum Ad- j
ministrative Board, which he set up
to assist in code administration.
Penalties the Same.
Violations of the new refinery sec- |
tion will be considered violations of
the code and subject to the same
penalties.
For the purpose of giving better
representation on the Planning and
Co-ordination Committee, 11 new
members were added, bringing its
membership to 26. The Refining. Pro
duction and Marketing Committees
also were expanded.
Michigan), Rodney H. True (director
of the Morris Arboretum, University
of Pennsylvania), Mrs. Frank B. Noyes
(special representative of the Garden
Club of America), Mrs. Fairfax Har
rison (representing Garden Club of
America). Harlan P. Kelsey (member
of the Massachusetts Horticultural
Society), Robert Pyle (chairman of
Committee on Botanical Gardens and
Arboretums, American Association of
Nurserymen). John G. Bradley (clerk
of the House Committee on the Li
brary), executive secretary.
PICTURES REVEAL
Academy of Science Sees
Photographs Magnified
200 Million Times.
BY THOMAS R. HENRY.
The first photograph of atoms,
magnified 200,000,000 times, were
shown before the National Academy
of Sciences yesterday, by Dr. Arthur
H. Compton of the University of Chi
cago.
By a special technique In which
X-rays were used instead of ordinary
light. Dr. Compton and his associate.
Dr. E. O. Wollan were able to obtain
a visual image of the fundamental
unit of matter, far beyond the range
of the most powerful microscope and
so tiny that there are millions of
them in point of a pin.
Hitherto picturization "of the atom
has been largely a matter of scientific
imagination based on deductions from
Its behavior. The Xray pictures
showed the atoms of the rare gasses,
helium, neon and argon, to be Just
about what the physicists had cal
culated.
Filled by Electricity.
The helium atom—next to hydro
gen the simplest in the universe—was
shown by the photographs to be "a
diffusely continuous region filled with
electricity.” In the more complicated
neon and argon atoms the relative
postions of the outer electrons could
be distinguished.
The photographs confirmed the de
ductions that the nucleus of the atom
was a positively charged region and
that around it. like planets around
the cun. revolved a number of nega- ;
tively charged particles. These pho
tographs represent man’s farthest
sensory advance into the region of
the infinitely little which physicists :
look upon as the ultimate reality be
hind the diverse forms of all things.
A formula for the universe was pre
sented to the academy yesterday by
Sir Arthur Eddington, celebrated
British mathematician and relativist,
in an effort to bring about harmony
between the relativity theory of Ein
stein and the quantum theory of
Planck. The one deduced the exis
tence of mass from the structure cf
space itself. The other deduced the
electric charge from the same thing,
but each required a model siightly
different from the other. Since there
is only one universe, it was difficult
to conceive of beth being right. Yet
Doth seemed to work.
The harmonization of the two hy
potheses has engaged the attention of
“Make Way For
SpJutKf- 1934”
Mr. ELMAN
• MR. BERNARD ELMAN (of M. S. Ginn A
Co., 920 14th St.) asks: "Breathes there a man
•with soul so dead he can't feel the dynamic
urge of Spring 1934 to DRESS UP and GO
PLACES ? ? r
• MR. ELMAN is as right as his crisp
' Bi-Swing" SUIT ($30) in soft granite-grey—
and his nochalant Beau Geste HAT ($5) just
selected from C. D. CHAPMAN! 11
• YESSUH1 Feel the vibrant, electric Spirit
of ACTION in Spring 1934 air 1 1 It's "Cherry
Blossom Carnival" at the 3 style-packed D. J.
Kaufman stores—and our NEW CLOTHES are
alive in every stitch and line with the Spirit of
Spring 1934!
Your Kaufmen BUDGET ACCOUNT will be
ready to use TOMORROW if you MAIL this
coupon TONITEI NO red tape or embarrass,
ing questions! Get acquainted with the Kou
Budget Flan of buying good clothes this Sp
YES. I wont a Kaufmen Budget Account. I understand NO J
CASH PAYMENT is needed and I pay in either six semi• •
monthly, or 12 weekly, payments. J
Name .. J
Address . J

Age ... Income .
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D- J. KAUFMAN -W
1005 Pa. Ave. 1744 Pa. Ave.
14th and Eye
‘•madia Jo. KB* Badati Bar."—WBC. Than. «:M T. M.
science for the past 10 years, with a
gradual approach toward a reconcilia
tion. Sir Arthur wrote them both
into one formula—literally a descrip
tion of all things in a dozen mathe
matical symbols. But, it was ex
plained, it is essentially untranslat
able from mathematics into words.
The human body loses more than
half its heat by radiation, the Acad
emy was told by Drs. Eugene F. Du
Bois and James D. Hardy of the
Russell Sage Institute, in the report
on a study of extremely delicate meas
urements of the surface temperature
of the skin. The surprising fact found
was that the heat lost in this way
does not vary greatly in amount be
tween conditions of health and fever.
The fever victim apparently is storing
large amounts of heat in the body for
short intervals.
Verification of the hypothesis that
the germ of poliomyelitis, or infantile
paralysis, gets into the nervous sys
tem only through the nose was offered
by Dr. Simon Flexner of the Rocke
feller Institute. Lower animals were
absolved by his experiments of the
charge of being carriers of the disease
Feeding with the virus failed to pro
duce the disease. It is spread. Dr.
Flexner said, from individual to in
dividual through nose and throat se
cretions and its only portal of en
trance is along the pathway of the
olefactory nerve leading to the cen
tral nervous system.
Matter Transmuted.
The old dream of transmuting mat
ter—changing one element into an
other—has been realized at the Cali
fornia Institute of Technology by the
use of extremely powerful X-ray ap
paratus, it was announced by Dr.
Robert A. Millikan, but it is far from
practical for any but experimental
purposes. Carbon is bombarded with
the heavy radiation particles, but only
when there is a direct hit is a new
state of matter obtained—and the hits
are about one in a billion ••shots”
fired.
At the annual dinner of the acad
emy last night five awards of the
academy were presented, two to
Washington men. The Charles Doo
little Walcott medal tor paleontolog
ical research went to Dr. David
White, veteran geologist of the United
States Geological Survey, for study
of fossil algae in the Grand Canyon.
The Public Welfare medal was award
ed to David Fairchild, formerly of the
Department of Agriculture, for plant
exploration and introduction of new
plants into the United States. Other
awards were:
Agassiz medal to Dr. Bjorn Hel
land-Hansen, Bergen, Norway, for
study of ocean currents. It was re
ceived in his absence by Halvard H.
Bachke, the Norwegian Minister.
Elliot medal for 1930, to Dr. George
E. Coghill. Wistar Institute, Phila
delphia, lor research on the growth
of nerves.
Elliot medal for 1931, posthumously
awarded to Dr. Davidson Black, for
merly of Peiping Union Medical Col
lege, Peiping, China, for study of
skulls of prehistoric men.

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