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Pair today, slightly colder tonight; to- , Within the Hour” morrow fair; fresh west winds. Tem- The Star is delivered every evening and peratures—Highest, 63, at 4 p.m. yester- Sunday morning to city and suburban day; lowest, 57. at 4 a m. yesterday. homes by The Star's exclusive carrier serv Full report on page A-9. Ice. Phone NAtional 5000 to start delivery. vJF WITH DAILY EVENING EDITION (A3) Means Associated Press. ._ j No. 1,542-No. 33,031, WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY MORNING, OCTOBER 7, 1934-104 PAGES. * IN WASHINGTON AND SUBURBS' ELSEWHERE REVOLUTION GRIPS SPAIN. CATALONIA SECEDING AS TOLL APPROACHES 390 Palace of Government in i Barcelona Bombarded as| Separatist Chiefs Declare Independence. AZANA HEAD OF STATE; FRANCO ORDERS ARREST Seizure of President Companys and Other Rebels Also Decreed. Reinforcements Called From Africa — Insurgent's Capital May Be Shelled From Sea. BULLETIN. (Copyright. lf»34. by Associated Press ) Madrid, October 7 (Sunday).— Revolutionists in Catalonia Buf fered a severe set-back today when President Luis Companys, who had proclaimed the region to be an independent state, sud denly decided to surrender to Spanish authorities. The notice of surrender came from Companys himself in an an nouncement made over the radio. Manuel Azana, a leader in the * Catalonian independence move ment, was arrested by federal troops. (Copyright. 1034. by the Associated Press.) MADRID. October 7 <Sunday).— Secession in the northeast, bloody re volt in the far north and utter con fusion in this capital faced the young Spanish Republic today. Blood flowed in dozens of towns, the total of the dead being between 200 and 300. Tlie most menacing development of a riotous day was Catalonia's formal declaration of independence and the sharp fighting which followed in the streets of Barcelona. Luis Companys, President of that state, appeared on a balcony of the Barcelona town hall and solemnly an- j nounced: ‘ Catalonia is breaking on relations with the rest of Spain. * * * I de mand complete discipline from every one. * * * Long live liberty.” Reports from Catalonia said the new republic there would take the form of a federated state, allied to the mythical Spanish Federal Republic, and was being formed with former Premier Manuel Azana as chief, sever ing all relations with the present Span ish regime. Demands Allegiance Oath. Companys demanded of Gen. Do mingo Batet, commander of the Span ish garrison at Barcelona, that he swear allegiance to the new regime. Batet asked for an hour to think it over. But in less time than an hour the authority at Madrid struck. From Madrid Gen. Batet received orders to declare a state of siege. As his soldiers started posting placards announcing the action at Madrid they were fired on by armed civilians. A hot fight ensued, in which the government troops swept aside the unorganized opposition. Right up to the government build ings the troops of Gen. Batet pressed, and for a time they surrounded the imposing structures in which Com panys and other officials momentarily were prisoners. From the government palace Com panys and Minister of Interior Den cas made radio pleas for aid. Then Dencas announced that volun teers guarding the government palace had repulsed the troops. But the appeal of the besieged pri soner had gone out through all Cata lonia. and it was reported that forces favoring Catalonian independence were preparing to advance on the city. The palace, after being in the hands of the revrriitionists through the night, w as taken by government troops short ly before dawn, it was announced by the government at Madrid. Gen. Ba tet said the building and the head quarters of the ministry of interior were taken easily, and that numerous prisoners had been captured. Officials had left. Madrid, thoroughly alarmed, imme diately recalled Spanish troops in Morocco. The soldiers in Africa were ordered to embark at once at Ceuta and to proceed to Barcelona. It was reported some of the troops now garrisoned in Catalonia, particu larly those in Lerida, had aligned (Continued on Page 2, Column 5.) Tigers Win, 10-4, Tying Series; Dizzy Dean Injured by Throw - I _ Cardinal's Ace Pitcher Quickly Recovers From Blow on Head. BY DENMAN THOMPSON, Sports Editor ot The Star. ST. LOUIS, Mo., October 6—Flash ing for the first time in the current world series their wonted batting | power, Detroit's Tigers today collected 13 hits against five Cardinal curvers and registered an overwhelming 10 to-4 triumph that put them on even terms with the Red Birds at two vic tories each in a hectic contest before one of the largest crowds ever as sembled for a ball game in this city. Backing a far-from-effective exhibi tion by Eldon Auker. freshman flinger, ' with a barrage of bingles from a re vamped batting array that netted a total of 17 bases off, first, Tex Carle ton, then Dazzy Vance, Bill Walker, Bill Haines and Jim Mooney, the Ben gals pulled abreast of their National j League rivals and made certain a re j sumption of play in Detroit Monday, regardless of which club wins the final game here tomorrow. Pepper Martin, star of the 1931 world series against the Athletics hurt the Cardinals' cause with three errors. This tied the series record foi third basemen. With two other Car dinals. Bill Walker and Bill Delancey also committing miscues. the Tigers (Continued on Page B-7.) MUSSOLINI DRAWS MIRTHON1AUANS Half Million Laugh as He Cites Improved Rela tions With France. By the Associated Press. MILAN. Italy, October 6—Half a million Italian mouths opened in up roarious laughter today at a declara- i tion of Premier Mussolini that rela tions with neighboring France in the I last year "have been notably better.” j Whether or not the laughter was j inspired by a wink of Mussolini's eye, ; it was probably the most dramatic interruption ever accorded a public address. Five hundred thousand per sons jammed into the immense cathe dral square here roared at what seemed to them a huge joke. They laughed again when H Duce, in a momentous policy address coin ciding with the thirteenth anniver sary of his decision to March upon Rome, paused to let the laughter die down, and then told them: "Your attitude indicates that you are a very intelligent people.” Relations Notably Better. He began his reference by saying: ‘‘There is no doubt that for at least a year, until now, our relations with France have been notably better.” Then he said: ‘‘Your attitude toward this exposi tion is so finely intelligent it demon strates to me and proves again that [ while methods of work of diplomacy | must be reserved, I can very well talk to the people directly when I wish to indicate the direction of a foreign policy of a great country like Italy.” On the elevated speaker's platform the while was a French aviation mis sion, including 30 aviators who flew from Paris on a good will mission. Despite the reception of his refer ence to France. II Duce continued: “The atmosphere is better and, if we shall reach accords—which we heartily desire—this will be very use ful and very fruitful for the two countries and in the general interest of Europe. All this we shall see be tween the end of October and the first days of November.” Must Be Friends or Enemies. Declaring from his pulpit in the great cathedral square, a rostrum re sembling a diving platform, that "Italy must be either friends or ene mies with the nations of EurcApe— there is no indifferent point,” Musso lini touched upon all the European countries that border Italy and wound up with a slap at the Disarmament Conference. The huge crowd cheered him every time he waved his arms. A fortune had been spent in decorating the (Continued on Page 6, Column 1.) IDAHO TO BE TESTED Modernization of Battleship Is Nearly Completed. NORFOLK, Va„ October 6 Modernization of the battleship Idaho has been nearly completed at the Navy yard here, and on Monday she is scheduled to start a 10-day trial trip, during which she will operate off the Virginia capes and go through various tests. The modernization work will be rushed to completion on her return here. .— " - ~~ f Mrs. Vanderbilt Asks Defense Of Her Reputation Be Public By the Associated Press. NEW YORK. October 6.—A demand that Mrs. Gloria Morgan Vanderbilt’s reputation be defended in public, since it was publicly attacked, will be made Monday when the court battle over the custody of her child is resumed, It was announced today. Nathan Burkan, lawyer for Mrs. Vanderbilt, said he would protest to Supreme Court Justice John F. Carew his decision to bar the public and press from further hearings in the case. Burkan will argue, he said, that it Is unfair to his client to hold future hearings behind closed doors when the charge that she is unfit to raise her 10-year-old child has received wide publicity. The charge was made by Mrs. Harry Payne Whitney, the child's aunt, who now has her in charge, and was supported by former servants of Mrs. Vanderbilt. Justice Carew cleared the court room last Tuesday after a French . maid had testified to an incident in volving the Marchioness of Milford Haven, whose husband is a cousin of 4 4 King George. Since then the trial has been postponed, amid many ru mors that attempts were being made to reach a settlement out of court. Meanwhile, at Southampton, Eng land, the former Lady Furness, twin sister of Mrs. Vanderbilt, sailed for New York on the Empress of Britain to "stop all this nonsense and all these lies if I can.” “I want to help my sister all I can,” said Lady Furness, who like Mrs. Vanderbilt is an international beauty.- “It is natural that I should want to be with her in the circum stances.” Harry Hays Morgan, jr.. brother of the twins, also sailed on the Empress of Britain. Prince Gottfried Zu Hohenlone, whose name was linked with Mrs. Vanderbilt’s in the testimony of an other servant and who said he was formerly engaged to the society widow, announced in Berlin that he and his wife would sail Tuesday to aid in ter defense. Lady Milford Haven, In London, (Continued on Page 15, Column 1J i Judge Enjoins Prosecution ol Lumbermen Selling Un der Code Levels. By the Associated Press. MEMPHIS. Term., October 6.—Fed eral Judge Harry B. Anderson late to day ruled that price fixing is unau thorized by the national industry re cavery act. The decision may affect other codes of major American in dustries. The judge enjoined Federal officials from prosecuting lumber operators foi selling at prices below those specified by the national lumber code. Judge Anderson held that "any pries fixing is the antithesis of competition for or otherwise—and there is nothinj in the national recovery act to show that such was the intention of Con gress.” The term "fair competition,' Judge Anderson said In his opinion “negatives any such construction.” “There is no mention In the nations: recovery act itself of price fixing oi price protection,” he said, adding however, that this act did authorize the various industries to compile codes of fair competition. No Precedent Found. "From time to time, as witness the Lever act, legislative bodies have fixed maximum prices with doubtful sue :ess,” Judge Anderson said. "No legis lative body has ever fixed a minimum price to my knowledge. To hold thai Congress In the national recovery -acl has fixed a minimum price by impli cation is to carry judicial constructior too far.” The judge granted a temporary in junction restraining William McClan ahan, United States attorney for ths western district of Tennessee, from causing the arrest, indictment oi prosecution of any lumberman for vio lating the price fixing or price pro tection clause of the lumber code ap plicable to the hardwood industry ir West Tennessee. At the same time Judge Andersor dismissed me application ior a com panion injunction against the Hard wood Manufacturers’ Institute, cod< administrative agency lor the South ern hardwood and Appalachian re gions, on the ground that that agencj is powerless to institute criminal ac tions. The injunction w-as granted In be half of 15 Southern hardwood lum ber firms opposed to ‘‘fixed prices.' The 16 claim they speak for approxi mately 600 lumbermen. Reverses Authority's Stand. The decision came the day after the Lumber Code Authority, at Chicago decided to retain minimum price pro visions of the industry's code and tt “see that they are enforced.” Although today's injunction was e temporary one, attorneys for bott sides agreed that there was no dis pute as to facts. The Government’; appeal will be taken In the sixtl United States Circuit Court of Appeal; at Cincinnati when and if the injunc tion is made permanent at a hearing not yet set. The objectors were represented bj their counsel as In complete sym pathy with the N. R. A., with pro duction control provisions of the cod< and with wage and hour features. Low-ell W. Taylor, of counsel for the petitioning lumbermen, declared thai "it means that lumbermen can sell at any price they want to, without feai of prosecution.” N. R. A. officials last night said thej were not surprised by the Memphi; Federal Court decision against price fixing under the lumber code and add ed that they expected to appeal ver; soon. CODE HELD USURPATION. Retail Motor Pact Flayed by Okla homa Federal Jurist. OKLAHOMA CITY, October 6 W) —An indicated belief that the N. R A. retail motor code is only a link it the "national usurpation of Stati rights” w-as expressed today by Fed eral Judge Edgar S. Vaught. Without giving an opinion in thi argument of demurrers to the Indict ment of Jack Kinnebrew and O. G Leadbetter, motor car dealers, Judgi Vaught scored Government attorney; for their contention that the retal sale of new cars and the trade-in o: old ones is a transaction of interstate commerce. "If this is true,” the jurist said "then Congress has the right to regu late the sale price of the suit o clothes you have on, the right to sa: what price I shall pay or a merchan shall charge for the shotgun shells buy, and everything U interstate com merce. subject to the jurisdiction o the Federal Government.” LEWIS FORECASTS BIGGEST MAJORITY IN PARTYHISTORY Republicans, However, Den^ Several “Sure” Claims in Coming Elections. DEFEAT OF LA FOLLETTE AND CUTTING PREDICTED New Deal Progressives Irked bj Democratic Campaign Activity Jeopardizing Senate Seats. BY G. GOULD LINCOLN. Senator James Hamilton Lewis oi Illinois, chairman of the Democrat ic Senatorial Campaign Committee after a tour of the country, figures that the Democrats will surely gain nine seats in the Senate now held by Republicans, and a tenth seat, held by a Farmer-Laborite. He goes further and insists that they have good chances to win an additional four seats. At the same time, the Demo cratic chairman does not yield a single seat to the Republicans which is now held by a Democrat. Should the Illinois Senator’s elec | tion predictions be upheld, the Demo crats would have in the next Congress an unprecedentedly large majority in the Upper House. It would have such a majority that the Republicans could not hope to upset Democratic control of the Senate even if they are suc cessful in the presidential campaign of 1936. That would mean a pool situation for any Republican whc might, enter the White House In 1937 Only one-third of the Senate mem bership is elected every two years unless death or resignation makes ad. dltional elections of Senators neces sary. 10 From Solid South. In the elections of 1936. 19 Demo crats come up for re-election and 12 ! Republicans. Of the 19 Democrats | however, 10 of them hail from the | Democratic solid South. It is obvious I therefore, that under the most favor 1 able conditions for the G. O. P. the ; Republicans could regain only nine seats, not a sufficient number by a ! considerable margin to upset Demo i cratic control of the Senate if Senatoi Lewis’ present predictions are at al correct. Two years later, however, in 1938 27 Democratic Senators must seek re election and only five Republicans In that year only eight of the Demo cratic Senators up for re-election represent States which are included in the traditionally Democratic South There would be a real opportunity for a big change in the political make up of the Senate, and possibly a shift to Republican control of the Upper House. In the light of these facts, the Senate elections this Fall become in creasingly important. The Repub lican leaders do not admit the possi bility of the big gains claimed by Senator Lewis as probabilities. ••Sure” States. The States in which Senator Lewi; predicts sure gains are New Jersey j where Gov. A. Harry Moore, Demo crat, is opposing Senator Kean. Re j publican: Rhode Island, where formei Senator Gerry, Democrat, is opposing | Senator Hebert. Republican: Mary j land, where George L. Radclifle Democrat, is opposing former Senatoi Joseph I. France, Republican; Indi ana, where Sherman Minton. Demo crat, is opposing Senator Arthur Rob inson, Republican; Ohio, where for mer Gov. Donahey, Democrat, is op posing Senator Fess, Republican; Wis consin, where John M. Callahan Democrat, is opposing Senator La Fol lette, Progressive, and John B. Chap pie, Republican; Missouri, when Harry S. Truman, Democrat, is oppos ing Senator Patterson, Republican West Virginia, where Rush D. Holt Democrat, is opposing Senator Hat field, Republican; New Mexico, when Representative Chavez, Democrat, i: opposing Senator Bronson Cutting Republican; Minnesota, where Repre sentative Einar Hoidale, Democrat, i: (Continued on Page 4, Column 2.) FOUR HURT IN CRASH ON WAY TO HOSPITAL Auto Carrying Hit-and-Run Vic tim in Collision on Wis consin Avenue. Pour persons were injured last nigh when an automobile carrying a hit and-run victim to Georgetown Hospita collided with another car at Thirty fifth street and Wisconsin avenue. At the time of the accident, Rober E. Roby, 27, of 918 Madison street was en route to the hospital witl Russell Scruggs. 35. of 1212 M stree southwest, whom he had found lyini unconscious in a safety zone on Wis consin avenue near Friends School apparently the victim of a hit-and run motorist. Mrs. Thelda Zern, 26 of Annapolis, was the driver of th car struck by Roby. After the second accident Scruggs who has only one leg, was taken b the hospital by passing motorists. H has a fractured jaw and skull injurie and was reported in a serious con dition. Roby, Mrs. Zem and two passenger in Roby’s car, Milton J. Russ, 18, o 6310 Wisconsin avenue, and Jacl Wilson, 12, of 2215 M street, also wer I taken to the hospital by passini i motorists. Roby was said to have a possibli broken nose and other facial injuries , Mrs. Zern has sUght head injuries while Russ has a cut scalp and Wilsoi chest contusions and a cut knee. According to police, Mrs. Zem's ca ; was halted at a stop sign when strucl by the Roby machine. fire destroys stores FLORENCE, S. C„ October 6 (A>). ' Fire in the heart of the Florence bust r ness district today destroyed the F ; W. Woolworth store and Seigler’, [ drug store, causing heavy damage. Other buildings were threatened [ but firemen brought the blaze unde; control after hours of fighting. rarest Mm/m I C4MR }—-—tor—■ him 'imi' [ GOP | STAMPING . GROUNDS - Prize Winners Are Announced In Star Better Homes Contest Dr. L. M. Lucas of Fairfax and Miss Caroline B. Binyon of Georgetown Get Largest Awards. BY G. T. KELLOGG. I Judging The Stars *1.000 Better Homes Contest has been completed. I Here are the winners: Over $12,000 class—First place. Dr. L. ; M. Lucas, Idylwood road, Fairfax ! County, Va.: second place. Charles I Henry Smith, 2109 King street. Alex- i | andria, Va., and third place. Dr. Mor- | decal Ezekiel, River road, Montgomery | County, Md. Honorable mention prizes In this class were awarded the Improvements made by Mrs. Dowd Rozzelle, Alta ! Vista, Bethesda, Md.; J. V. McAlpin, 4534 Hawthorne street, and Linnaeus T. Savage. 4900 Albemarle street. The fourth honorable mention award was omitted from the over $12,000 class be cause the Judging Committee did not deem other improvements submitted in this class worthy of a prize. In the under $12,000 class, Caroline Bean Binyon. 2800 O street, George town, was awarded first prize; second went to Carlton Y. Apperson. 912 Duke street. Alexandria, Va.. and third to O. F. See, 409 Greene avenue, Aurora Hills, Va. The honorable mention awards In this class went to Mr. and Mrs. Harold Shaffer, 747 Hamilton street; Paul F. Steinkuller. 2331 Park place southeast; Mr. and Mrs. Louis W. (Continued on Page 3, Column 3.) FEDERATION OPEN! FIGHT ON TAX RISE Committee Named to Help Commissioners With 1936 Estimates. Faced with apparently determinec opposition to increased taxation an( j the desire for increased Capital ex ; peditures, the Federation of Citizens Associations at a meeting at the Dis trict Building board room last nigh named a special committee to confei with the District Commissioners anc help them work out the 1936 estimates The committee was given a mandati that the federation would oppose an; increase above the $1.50 tax rate or real estate at this time. The debate on taxation was touchec off by Harry N. Stull, chairman o: the federation's Education Commit tee. who contended the press had mis represented him as stating the feder ation would approve an increase ir ! taxes. L. A. Carruthers said he knew thi Commissioners were considering twi ' alternative methods of increasinf 1 taxes of the District. One scheme he said, was to raise the real estati rate from $1.50 to $1.60. The othei was to Increase the gasoline tax fron 2 cents to 3 cents per gallon. Thi new gas tax to be proposed, he said would apply to all gasoline sales. Thi ■ present tax is limited to sales for usi in automobiles. He also said it wouli be proposed to make the new gas ta: ■ a part of the general fund instead o earmarking it for street work. Position Told Commissioners. Mr. Stull said that at his appear ance before the Commissioners a their hearings on the 1936 budget, hi ’ was put through a cross-examination uuiuig bite v.wuioc ui niitbit, uc bvn the Commissioners, the federation fa vored an increase in the Federal con tribution to the cost of running thi District “to its fair share.” He sail he had told them that If after th Federal contribution had been so in creased the city still needed mone; for the capital expenditures which th federation desired, he believed th federation would not object to an in crease in taxation. “It is no use to kid ourselves.” sail Mr. Stull, “there is no Santa Claus If we want new schools built and ne\ libraries, we have to pay for them. I we go down to the Commissioners am say we want more schools and mor libraries, but do not increase taxes, w are just making ourselves ridiculous “The time has come for us to hel] the Commissioners out by some ad vice as to where to get the money t do the things we want done.” I George E. Sullivan then moved tha a special committee be appointed t ! confer with the Commissioners 01 the entire question of taxation. H . said such a committee would be abl i to show conclusively that Washing [Continued on Page 2, Column 1.) Guide for Readers General News.Part One Editorial .Part Two Society.Part Three Amusements.Part Four ; Finance .Part Five Lost and Found.Page A-9 Books.Page 4, Part 2 Radio.Page 3, Part 4 Sporta t... .Pages B-l to B-U , ADVISERS TO N. R. A. GET MOREHMER i Policy Council Allowed to Pass Some Decisions Di rect to Officials. By the Associated Press. I President Roosevelt’s new recovery board yesterday raised the N. R. A. code triumvirate—industry, labor and the consumer—to a position of new importance in directing future Blue ! Eagle policies. It reorganized N. R. A.'s advisory council, on which each rank of the | triple partnership is represented, and gave it a fuller review of policy prob lems than ever held before, in some cases allowing the council to pass its decisions directly to executive officials without reference to the boards them selves. In all major matters of policy and controversy, the council will make rec ommendations to the governing board in an advisory capacity. Where divid , ed. the minority also will present its , views. The board's action was announced as it began a week-end recess prior to ! holding its first conference with Presi . dent Roosevelt tomorrow. The board will report to the President results of I a week's discussions on ways and means of taking over Hugh S. John I son’s job. From Mr. Roosevelt it may , receive advice on guiding N. R. A. [ through the troublous issues of price ; and production control — subjects > which have been thrown often to re vision by the President himself. Price Question Up Soon. A White House price-fixing chat ; might prove timely. Next week the \ board must make its first ruling on a major price question, i On October 13. the 90-day period for which Johnson fixed a minimum re tail price of 13 cents for one or 25 . cents for two packages of the four i popular cigarette brands, expires. The > board, of which a cigarette manuipc ! turer, Clay Williams, is chairman, r must determine whether to continue . this price level. ^ Information at N. R. A. yesterday . forecast the board will grant a tem porary extension of the price order l pending an investigation to see how the minimum levels have operated. r They were established to prevent stores [ specializing in other commodities from [ selling cigarettes at cost or lower as > a customer bait. Set-up of Council. j In reorganizing the Advisory Coun . cil, the board provided that in the fu 5 ture it shall have two instead of three members each from the Industrial, t Labor and Consumers’ Advisory Boards 5 It added to the council Blackwell , Smith, acting general counsel, and » Leon Henderson, head of the Research » and Planning Division, both of whom ” are ex-officio members of the board - Itself. Then it announced that a spe cial assistant to the Recovery Board will be named the ninth member and chairman 6f the Advisory Council. The council besides passing finally on problems falling between the classes of major policy and administrative routine, will absorb the functions of N. R. A. policy officer former ly exercised by Smith. To expedite action, the council will have a Refer ence Committee for handling smaller matters and may name special com mittees of five which shall include members of the Industrial, Con sumers’ and Labor Advisory Boards. I Refuses to Be Called by Ickes’ “Drumhead Court” and Says He Quit. By the Associated Press. Secretary Ickes and Paul C. Yates exchanged harsh words yesterday over ' the latter's resignation or suspension as executive assistant to Gov. Paul M. Pearson of the Virgin Islands. Ickes said Yates had been suspend ed and ordered him to return to Washington to face "written charges of disloyalty. Insubordination and ; gross Inefficiency.” L "I could no longer ignore grave | charges against Mr. Yates that have ' come to me from several sources and over a considerable period of time,” Ickes added. Says He Resigned Earlier. At about the same time Yates cabled the Associated Press from St. Thomas. Virgin Islands, that earlier in the day he had advised Ickes that “your radiogram today seeking summons me before your drumhead court-martial I arrived too late—my resignation was en route by mail, as you no doubt been advised.” Yates said he had “notified” Ickes on August 15 that unless prompt ac tion was taken to remedy the “intoler able misgovernment prevailing under Gov. Pearson, I would under no circumstances continue as” an official under the Interior Department. After asserting that he was “an ardent supporter of the New Deal." Yates advised Ickes in that communi cation that “I would be perfectly willing to sacrifice my official position to remedy corrupt and disgraceful ; conditions prevailing in these islands." Referred to Probe. Yates referred to an investigation made by special representatives of Ickes into allegations of misuse of ! P. W. A. funds in the islands. ‘As a result of that "whitewash,” Yates added, Eli Baer of Baltimore wis re moved as Government attorney, leav ing only Yates and Federal Judge T. Webber Wilson as "Democrats and Liberals sent here under the Roose velt administration.” "In my August 15 letter,” Yates added, "i voiced great personal con fidence in you. I regret I can no longer entertain that confidence. I have a feeling Congress will want to investigate the entire disgraceful sit uation.” Interior Department officials inter preted the exchange as meaning that Ickes would back Pearson, whom Yates called "a Hoover-appointed re actionary Republican,” to the limit. CRIPPLED SHIP SAFE Cutter Gives Tow to Crfcft Which Lost Propellor. FORT LAUDERDALE. Fla., Octo ber 6 UP).—The Coast Guard cutter Carrabassett sent a wireless message to its base here today that it hid in tow the S. S. Western Sword, which dropped a propeller about 28 mi es north of Jupiter Light. The Carrabassett left from P >rt Everglades in response to a call for aid. The Western Sword is a 5.000-^on ship owned by the Sword Steamship Line of New York. WITNESS PLACES HAUPTMANN NEAR LINDBERGH HOME Picks Out Accused as Prowler He Saw on Es tate Before Crime. COLONEL WILL TESTIFY AT HEARING TOMORROW Heads List of 23 Who Will Tell Jersey Grand Jury of Kid naping Details. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, October 6.—Bruno Richard Hauptmann was identified to day by a former neighbor of Col. Charles A. Lindbergh as a man he had seen emerging from underbrush on the Lindbergh estate, near Hopewell, N. J., a few weeks before the aviator’s in fant son was kidnaped. The testimony, given by Willard Whitehead of Lambertville. N. J.. was the first which has been disclosed linking Hauptmann to the scene of the abduction. j i_j—__ penter, held on a charge of extorting the $50,000 Lindbergh ransom, from a line-up of 10 men at the Bronx County Court House. Then he told Capt. J. J. Lamb of the New Jersey State Police he was certain Hauptmann was the man he had observed lurking in the bushes on two occasions. Witness Not Detained. Whitehead was permitted to return homo after Lamb said it would be unnecessary to hold him as a material witness. Lamb also went back to Jersey, taking with him a panel from Hauptmann's home on which tele phone numbers pertaining to the case had been written. Whitehead, who formerly lived on a small farm near the Lindbergh estate, first told his story of seeing a mysteri ous stranger to State police on the night of the kidnaping, March 1, 1932. When Hauptmann was arrested the farmer was sought immediately. He was visiting in Pennsylvania and was located only two d«ys ago. Simultaneously it was announced that Lindbergh will be 1 of 23 wit nesses before the Hunterdon County ■ grand jury, at Flemington, N. J.. on Monday, when Hauptmann’s indict ment of kidnaping and murder charges Will be asked. Some of the witnesses, it was under stood. will be Department of Justice operatives who have been working on the case for two and a half years. Trial Opening in Doubt. Whether Hauptmann will actually be brought to trial in the Bronx next weke on the extortion charge remained ! uncertain, although District Attorney | Samuel J. Foley said his case was com plete except for some slight details. *'I am convinced,” he said, "that the Bronx case against Hauptmann will result in a conviction.” Foley previously has indicated he would adjourn the case to permit the prisoner's extradition to Jersey on more serious charges, but he declined today to discuss this possibility. At Trenton Attorney General | Wilentz commented . “I do not believe any trial in New ^Jersey could properly be held before November 1.” Hauptmann was brought from his cell in the Bronx County jail to a private room in the court house this (.Continued on Page 5, Column 2.) ' BYRDTRACTQR PARTY OF FOUR SNOWBOUND June and Three Others Isolated by Blizzard 180 Miles From Headquarters. «> By the Associated Press. LITTLE AMERICA. Antarctica (via Mackay radio), October 5 (de layed).—Four men were snowbound with a tractor today 180 miles east of the Byrd expedition's headquar ters here. Harold June, chief pilot in charge of the tractor unit, reported by radio the group was awaiting favorable J weather to proceed to Grace McKin ley Mountain, its objective, now within two days' running distance. Three of the crew slept in the cargo compartment, while the fourth pitched a tent in the lee of the ma chine. They were hove to yesterday in a blizzard with wind of 40 miles per hour, which piled drifts that al most submerged the tractor. Army Will Purge Air Corps Of “Swivel Chair” Pilots By the Associated Press. The Army is going to weed out its “swivel chair” airplane pilots by mak ing all Air Corps officers with 15 or more years’ service take tests to de termine their flying ability. The tests, it was said yesterday, are being shaped around recommendations of the special board headed by Newton D. Baker, former Secretary of War. All generals, colonels, majors and a majority of the captains in the Air Corps will be examined. All found dis qualified for further flying will be as signed to ground duty, transferred to other branches of the service, or re tired. There are 3 generals, 9 colors, 31 lieutenant colonels, 81 majors and 362 captains In the Air Corps. Elim ination of those found unfit lor further flying will make way for the promotion of many .younger men of junior rank. The infusion of the younger blood. War Department officials said, would not only improve the fighting abilities of the Air Corps, but also raise Its morale. The general staff, which ordered new tests and now is preparing ih had historical precedent for its tr in President Theodore Rooseveu a “Russian ride.” “Teddy” caused the elimination of all officers who could not ride horseback 30 miles a day for three successive days. In instituting the new policy, th general staff was acting on a propose by the Baker Board, set up to investi gate the Air Corps, which said that only pilots capable of flying 100 hours a year, "including a reasonable per centage of cross-country, instrument, night and formation flying.” should be "declared eligible as pilots for fly ing command duty, commanding com bat squadrons and groups.” Special physical qualities are neces sary for active flying duty, the Baker Committee found. It added there are now too many officers whose flying efficiency is open to question. War Department officials said it would be two weeks or more before the efficiency tests were perfected, and no details of the “rough rides” could now be made public. 4 Sports Summary With the curtain almost ready to fall on base ball's finale, the foot ball season got really under way in an exciting start yesterday —most of the excitement being caused by an unprecedented series of upsets. While Navy ran true to form in Washington's biggest game and defeated Virginia, 21 to 6, Catho lic University's highly regarded team made little headway over La Salle of Philadelphia, the game ending in a 6-to-6 tie. Michigan, last year’s Big Ten rhampion. took a 16-to-0 lacing from Michigan State; Purdue bowed to Rice, 20-0; Notre Dame w’ent down before Texas, 7-6; Southern California was drubbed by Washington State, 19-0. and St. Mary’s turned back Cali fornia, 7-0. (Full details o/ these and other games will be found in the Sj)orts Section).