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Washington News Society and General
_ t ._ _._. t *- WASHINGTON, D. C., WEDNESDAY, OCTOBER 31, 1934. »»» PAGE B—1 RELIEF GW COT ENDANGERS FREE SCHOOLLUNCHES Increase in Emergency Needs for Winter May Limit Expenditure. TOTAL FOR NOVEMBER IS REDUCED BY $20,000 Special Sum Earmarked for Use of Pupils Is Missing in New Figures. The future extent of operations of the free-lunch program for needy school children was in doubt today when District officials were Informed the Federal relief grant for November would total $673,560, or $62,000 less than the sum asked. The November grant does not carry any specific sum for school lunches. Last month a special sum of $19,000 was earmarked for the purpose. A sum of $2,000 moi;e is obligated for free lunches given to students of junior and senior high schools. For this rea son the District sought a $21,000 grant for school lunches for November. District officials presumed that the school lunch program must be pro vided out of the general grant of $673,560. Saying that emergency re lief needs will increase next month because of necessity of greater allot ments for coal, the Commissioners are wondering if they may have to limit expenditures for school lunches. List Is Checked. This problem may be outlined to the Federal Emergency Relief Administra tion. School officials today were asked to go over the list of pupils receiving free lunches to segregate those who are members of families on relief from those who are not receiving relief. Last year about 55 per cent of the children were members of families on relief and the remainder were not. The subject was discussed at a spe cial conference today between Com missioner George E. Allen. District relief administrator; Elwood Street, director of public welfare, and Miss Alice Hill, director of emergency re lief. No definite decision was reached. They said they hoped to avoid any reduction in the aterage relief allow ance now granted to families on relief. 2,800 Cases Closed Out. Miss Hill said about 2,800 relief cases were closed out during October, as compered with 1,800 in September, but that she could not say now defi nitely whether the relief load had been reduced, because figures as yet are not available as to the number of new cases placed on relief in Octo ber. For October the Federal grant was $692,136, or about $20,000 more than that granted for November. Each month the District uses $166,666 of the District's relief appropriation to support the Federal grant. MORE EDUCATION FUNDS AVAILABLE National Survey Discloses Slight Climb After Depression Drop. Education opportunity in the United States has struck bottom and is now on the rebound, according to results of a survey by the Research Division of the National Education As sociation made public here today. Unless the speed of the upward movement increases, however, the Nation's schools are not expected to reach their 1930 financial level much before 1955. State school superintendents through out the Nation estimate that they will have $1.14 more with which to pay for the education of each school child during the year ahead than they had in 1933-4. This estimate is based upon the assumption that Federal aid to schools will be at least as generous as last year, and that the general climb to ward prosperity continues. Despite the usual annual increase of 200,000 pupils in total enrollment, average expenditures per child will Increase from $67.35 to $68.45. The schools closed last Spring, according to best estimates, with 26,722,000 pu pils. During the current school year, the 26.909.000 mark is expected to be reached. Variations in ability to support schools in different parts of the coun try are wider than ever before, how ever, due to the drought and the fact that some sections have lagged be hind in the general economic gains. The Government’s employment pro gram helps explain the increase in the number of teachers, principals and supervisors in the public schools from 850.000 in 1933-34, to 869,000 in the current year. Further evidence of the general up swing in education is furnished by total expenditure figures which in clude capital outlay for school build ings and other permanent improve ments. Last year the total was $1, 799.306.000 and this year is estimated at $1,894,581,000. In 1930 an average of $90.22 per Child was spent. LAW ENFORCING ASKED Letter to Roosevelt Demands U. S. Act in Florida Lynching. In a letter to President Roosevelt Walter Pickens of the National Asso ciation for the Advancement of Col ored People asserted the mob which lynched a colored man in Florida last week had violated the Federal kidnap ing law. "We have made laws to punish in terstate kidnapers, promising death to thoGe who harm their victims," Pickens said. “If we fail to make good, or at least to exhaust every resource to make good, In this wholesale violation of those laws, we ought to apologize to the relatives of the Dlllingers and the Floyds and to dismiss all pending cases against petty criminals of the kind, who now stand in jeopardy of their liberties and their lives.” MAN TRIES SUICIDE AT HOME OF SISTER Herbert Heflin, 45, Has Eair Chance to Recover After Slash ing Throat and Wrist*. Herbert Heflin, 45, attempted sui cide at 4 o’clock this morning by slashing his throat, wrikts and ankles with a razor, while visiting at the home of his sister, Mrs. Bernice Wil kins, 5800 block of Seventh street, according to No. 6 precinct police. He was taken to Emergency Hospital, where he has been given fair chance for recovery. According - to police reports, Heflin had been visiting with another sister, Mrs. Susan Garrison, 1331 Emerson street northeast, and had left there several days ago to visit Mrs. Wilkins. When last seen late last night he appeared in good spirits. He was found on the floor of a bedroom, suffering from the loss of blood. STREET AND LIGHT 1936 Estimates Debated by District Officials and Bureau. Estimates for streets, highways, the Sewer Department and the Electrical Department for 1936 were being dis cussed by District officials and the Budget Bureau today. For highway improvements out of the gasoline tax fund, the District is asking $2,598,280 for 1936, as com pared with $2,251,550 during the cur rent fiscal year. For Highway Depart ment expenses, which are met out of the general fund, the request is for $486,600. as compared with a 1935 ap propriation of $267,140. For the Sewer Department the Com missioners are asking $967,210, as com pared with present expenditures of $733,594. Plant Not Included. Neither of the latter figures includes any work on construction of the new sewage disposal plant. The plant will cost ultimately $8,000,000 and the District will be called upon to pay $1. 000,000 during the next fiscal year to the Public Works Administration of the loan expected to be made for this project. For the Electrical Department, the Commissioners are asking a 1936 figure of $1,079,700 as against a 1935 figure of $962,470. The figure for 1936 is based on lighting street lights which are now dark because of the insuffi ciency of the present appropriation. Witnesses Called. District officials who were to testify at the hearing today were H. C. Whitehurst, director of highways; J. B. Gordon, director of sanitary engi neering, and W. F. Kem, electrical Inspector. It is expected that the public school item of $10,820,962 will come up for discussion tomorrow. This is the larg est individual Item in the budget esti mates, which total $44,039,356 as com pared with a 1935 appropriation of $37,991,177. VICTIM IS UNABLE to name Attackers Sidney Diehm in Court Cannot Identify Man Who Shot Him. , - « An attempt to identify the two men who shot him in front of the Annapolis Hotel July 30, failed yes terday when Sidney Diehm testified at a preliminary hearing in Police Court he could not identify either ‘'Bennie” Soloff or ' Bob” Huff as his assailants. They were charged with making ‘‘an assault with a deadly weapon.” In commenting on an objection by Attorney Charles Ford, who repre sented Huff, Judge John P. McMahon said there “seems to be a disposition on the Part of the complaining witness to be reticent to testify here.” “I am neurotic, your honor and highly excitable,” Diehm said when Judge McMahon said it was odd cir cumstances a man could be accosted and shot without being able to re member anything about it. He said he was a musician and had been in Washington about four months. He testified he had known Soloff slightly and had seen Huff several times. Lester W. Payne, who said he was driving his taxicab and had halted for a red light at the corner by the hotel on the night of the shooting, identified Soloff as the driver of an automobile which Payne said dashed out from the alley by the hotel and ran through a red light just after he heard shooting. Judge McMahon continued the case until Friday, when Detective Sergt. Frank O. Brass, who was testifying as to his Investigation of the case, said that he had issued subpoenas for several witnesses, none of whom could be located and were not in court. ATLANTIC AIRLINER BASE GIVEN ECKENER Navy’s Permit Clears Way for Service Between U. S. and Germany. The way has been cleared for air ship service between the United States and Germany next Summer by the granting to Dr. Hugo Eckener of au thority to use the Navy facilities at Lakehurst, N. J., and Miami, Fla., for handling the giant new German air ship LZ-129. Conferring with Secretary of the Navy Swanson and other Navy of ficials, Dr. Eckener said he intends to start the new service In July, contin uing for three or four months, after which the LZ-129, world’s largest air ship, will go into service between Ger many and South America on alternate runs with the Graf Zeppelin, now in her fourth year of regular trans-At lantic service. The Navy Department stipulated that it is to be put to no expense In connection with the service. BANE SAYS NATION FACES PERMANENT EMPLOYMENT AID “Set-Up Must Be as Soundly Developed as for Roads and Schools.” WELFARE GROUP TOLD SITUATION IS TRAGIC Weakest Part of National, State and Local Public Belief Is Ad ministrative, Says Director. , -- The United States must outps&w the idea that its public welfare work is an emergency allair and must set to work on a continuing program oi unemployment relief with an ad ministrative set up as permanent and as soundly developed as that for public educa tion or public roads, Frank Bane, director of the Amer lean Public Welfare Association, d e - dared in an ad dress last night at the first pub lic annual meet ing of the Board oi ruouc wenare oi me uisiricv ui Columbia, in the auditorium of the Department of Commerce. The weakest part of the national, State and local programs of public relief has been in the administrative phase, Bane, former commissioner of public welfare of Virginia, said. "We must follow in the development of our administration of public wel fare and unemployment relief activi ties the progress which has been made in public education and public roads administration," he said. “We are now in relief administration where we were 25 years ago in education and 15 years ago in public roads administration. Situation “Most Tragic.’* Public welfare no longer can be con sidered as a thing apart from unem ployment relief, Bane said. The two have become inseparable. He described the unemployment situation today as “most tragic” and .said that if it con tinues over a few years more it will “serve to destroy the morale of the American citizenship.” This country should and undoubt edly soon will have to develop a “very large scale public works program” to care for those willing to' work who cannot find places to work in private business. Bane declared. Dealing with the various phases of social insurance. Bane said that some of the proposed forms of social insur ance "are much to be desired.” Unemployment insurance, he said, may serve as “a beneficial cushion against a very short period of emer gency.” It cannot, he warned, ever take care of any long period of unem ployment such as the present. We must, he said, be cautious how we "fling around that phrase, ‘unem ployment insurance’—it is not a cure all.’’ Old age pensions or assistance, he characterized as, "a very important part of any system of social security.” He also pointed out the possibility of good to be derived from sickness or so called "health insurance” and from mothers’ aid insurance. "With all these forms of insurance in operation, however,” he said, “we still will have a relief program to con tend with which, in 1930, would have been thought a very, very large pro gram." District Program Outlined. The magnitude of the relief program which has been conducted in the Dis trict of Columbia was outlined by El wood Street, director of public wel fare, in his annual report, which he illustrated with many lantern slides of photographs taken at the various local relief and welfare institutions and of brief statistics concerning relief work. He described the expenditures which have been made of the total of $5,150, 019 of Federal emergency relief funds; $1,300,000 of relief money made avail able in the District appropriation bill; $273,000 In surplus products funds, and $4,172,481 In Civil Works Administra tion funds. During the year, he said, there have been 29,609 applications for relief. The division of Home Care for De pendent Children had 206 families un der care at the beginning of the past year; 41 families were added and 53 cases canceled, leaving 194 families, with 669 children, at the end of the year. Gallinger Municipal Hospital had 303 more patients than in 1933, with Frank Bane. SENATE TO STUDY RELIEF FOR WINTER Harriion Announce* Meeting of Special Committee After Election. The whole Federal program of relief for this Winter, permanent legislation for N. R. A. and further fund* for public works and unemployment in surance will be scrutinized by the Senate Finance Committee at a pre Congress meeting some time between the elections and Christmas. Chairman Harrison, Democrat, of Mississippi made this announcement yesterday, but said no definite date for the conference would be set until after the November 6 elections and until leaders had an opportunity to go over the situation with President Roosevelt. Harrison discussed the legislative outlook with the President yesterday. Afterward, he said he personally would favor a pulling away from outright doles in favor of work relief. Upon the program of relief and fur ther emergency recovery expenditures hlpges the question whether additional taxes will be required. The Finance Committee is chiefly concerned with tax legislation and will survey the prospective appropriations only to determine if last year's $400, 000,000 tax bill, aimed primarily at tax dodging by the wealthy, la to be supplemented ii 1931. a total of 18,071 admitted and a daily average during the past year of 691.5, as against 583 during the preceding year. Average attendance at the Tubercu losis Hospital increased from a daily average of 202.4 in 1933 to 215.7 in 1934, he said. The Children’s Tuber culosis Sanatorium, opening Septem ber 15 last with 17 inmates, reported 50 there yesterday, with the total growing steadily. 20,851 Jailed in Year. The District Jail admitted 20.851 prisoners during the year, an increase of 2,630 over the total for 1933, with a record admission of 773 during a single day. The average dally total of inmates at the District Reformatory increased from 1,043.8 in 1933 to 1,157.3 in 1934. he reported, while at the District Workhouse the increase was from 729.5 to 737.9. The average number of of woman inmates of the workhouse increased from 56.2 to 71.8. Mr. Street paid high tribute to his predecessor in office, the late George S. Wilson, who resigned last June and died September 24, the audience of many hundreds of relief workers, mem bers of welfare organizations and others rising in silent tribute. Judge M. M. Doyle, vice chairman of the Board of Public Welfare, pre sided in the absence of Chairman Frederick W. McReynolds, who was Kepi away De cause of illness in his family. Judge Doyle sketched the history of the board since its establishment in 1926 and the ac tivities of its predecessors, the Board of Chari ties. the Board of Children’s Guar dians, and the va rious Institutions which are now under supervision of the Board of Public Welfare. ne saia tnat this year, again, "an increase is to be noted in practically every department” of the board's work. "In several instances," he said, “in stitutions have not only, been filled to capacity but seriously overcrowded. Conditions which during the past few years have forced large numbers to accept the care provided through pub lic agencies have not appreciably im proved in Washington, and it doubt less must be recognized that even with the return of more prosperous times the burden that has been placed on public welfare agencies will be but slowly lifted. The fact that some of our people have been re-employed in recent months is ollset by the fact that others have exhausted their re sources, and those who have found work have not yet been able to build up reserves which will enable them to meet the crises that involve un usual expenditures.” The invocation was pronounced by Dr. Frederic W. Perkins, member of the Board of Public Welfare. A pro gram of choral numbers was given by a chorus of boys from the Industrial Home School for Colored Children. A novel feature of the first public meeting of the board was an exhibi tion of the work done by the Inmates of the many institutions under the control of the board. These exhibits filled the two long corridors adjoining the big Commerce auditorium and the main lobby of the auditorium. Judre Doyle. McCarl Approves P. 0. News Ticker to Catch Criminals Postmaster General Parley get* to keep his news ticker because, so he says, it helps the Post Office Depart ment to catch criminals. After a three-month exchange of correspondence with Controller Gen eral McCarl, the latter held today that Farley had made a sufficiently strong case to justify the Government spend ing $75 a month for the service. Farley installed the service in July and asked McCarl if it could be paid for out of contingent expenses of his department. McCarl held that it was only a “newspaper" and consequently the expenditure was barred because of a $100 limit for such disbursements. However Farley raised the question again and said a valuable feature of the service “is the aid it gives the de partment in the Investigation of postal crimes and mail depredations and the apprehension of criminals.’’ In a robbery case, for example, it may well be that a saving of even a few minutes through availing of this telegraphic information might result in the arrest of the perpetrators of the crime. Farley said. He also pointed out that Congress had made a $20,000 appropriation for running down postal law violators and asked that the ticker service might be charged against that. McCarl gave his approval to that prop osition. D. t DAIRY PRICES Wholesale Margin of Dis tributors Much Lower Than Raleigh. Dairy farmers on the Washington market receive the second highest price in the country for their milk, but the wholesale margin of distributors Is less than 3 cents a quart as compared with a high of 6.34 cent* grossed by dealers in Raleigh, N. C., a survey by the Agricultural Adjustment Adminis tration disclosed today. The highest farm price for milk Is paid by dairy companies In Hartford, Conn.—7.66 cents a quart. Washing ton distributors pay 7.55, but the re tail of price of milk is the same here as in Hartford—13 cents. Milk wholesales here for from 10 to 11 cents, the survey showed. In Baltimore farmers are paid 6.49 cents a quart and the milk is whole saled at 10 and retailed at 12 cents. In Miami, Fla., where the same farm price is paid as in Washington, milk retails for 15 cents a quart. Cheapest quart prices were reported in the West, where milk Is sold for 9 cents In sev eral cities. AUTOIST DEMANDS TRIAL Hit-and-Run Suspect’s Case Set for November 18. A jury trial was demanded by Had ley Lane, 38, of 1709 Thirteenth street in Police Court this morning when ar raigned on charges of reckless driving and leaving the scene of an accident. His car struck Mrs. Julia T. Dillon, 86 Massachusetts avenue, at North Capi tol and H streets Sunday. The trial was set by Police Court Judge Ralph Given for November 16. Lane was stopped by Raymond Whitmire, a taxi driver, who gave chase to the car and took Lane to po lice headquarters. Independents IOV2, Just Fraction Above Low Mark Reached Last Summer. After several days in which both independent and chain distributors of gasoline made no changes in their prices. Washington's gasoline price war was renewed with the opening of business today when retail quota tions dropped another half cent. The major companies offered "straight" gasoline for 11% cents, and the independent dealers countered by dropping to 10% cents. The new prices today are just a half cent above the low mark reached in a similar war last Summer when hostilities of several weeks ended after the independents dropped to 10 cents. The major companies gave no indi cation that further reductions are anticipated, explaining that prices for them are dictated from New York. The dealers handling unbranded gas, however, say they expect the majors to continue their warfare and that they are prepared to undersell them at least a cent no matter how low the price drops. Painter Hurt in Fall. William Campbell, 47, of 603 Mount Vernon avenue, Alexandria, suffered fractures of both wrists and lacera tions to the face when he fell from a ladder today while painting in the 3700 block of Thirty-sixth street. He was removed to Emergency Hospital, where his condition was said to be not serious. Club Holds Party. COTTAGE CITY, Md„ October 31 (Special).—The Cottage City Women's Club held a Halloween party at the home of Mrs. Philip P. Greenwood last night. Members attended in cos tumes. HOSPITAL SERVICE CHANGEISASKED Southeast Citizens Group Urges Centralizing of Emergency Cases. Declaring it believes the emergency service operated by the Eastern Dis pensary and Casualty Hospital should be taken over by Gallinger Municipal Hospital, tn line with the Board of Welfare policy of centralizing the treatment of indigent cases at Gal linger, the Southeast Citizens’ Asso ciation last night adopted a resolution requesting the District Commission ers to discontinue the existing con tract with Casualty and institute a suitable emergency service at Gal linger. C. G. Degman, who introduced the resolution, read the following note which he said he had received from Dr. Edgar A. Bocock, superintendent of Gallinger Hospital: “In accordance with my promise, I forward herewith draft of proposed resolution for your consideration and use if you deem it wise before the Southeast Citizens’ Association next Tuesday night” Text of Resolution. The text of the resolution follows: “Whereas, the sum of $20,000 was appropriated for the fiscal year of 1935 for reimbursing the Eastern Dis pensary and Casualty Hospital, tor operating an emergency and ambu lance service at that Institution to handle indigent patients arising in the eastern section of Washington, and “Whereas, Gallinger Municipal Hos pital, a public institution operated by the city for the care of indigent pa tients, has adequate accommodations and facilities for handling this form of emergency service with the excep tion of the necessary ambulances, and "Whereas, the policy adopted in 1929 by the Board of Public Welfare of centralizing the treatment of indi gent cases at Gallinger Hospital is fully and favorably approved by this association, and “Whereas, it is believed the emer gency service now operated by the Eastern Dispensary and Casualty Hos pital should be operated by Gallin ger Hospital; Requests Change. “Resolved: That the District Com missioners be requested to consider favorably the discontinuance of ex isting contract with Casualty Hospital and the institution of a suitable emer gency service at Gallinger Hospital to be operated by and as a part of that institution in connection with its other work of handling the indigent patients requiring treatment in the city.” The group also adopted a resolu tion asking District officials to secure appropriations for the construction of a new receiving home for unfortunate children and suggested that it be located on the grounds of Gallinger Hospital. The Board of Public Welfare has recommended that the Commissioners seek an appropriation for purchase of two ambulances for Gallinger, it was stated today by Elwood street, > welfare director. This move contem plates the transfer of the service. Casualty is a private Institution which has contracts with the District for the care of indigent patients. When development of Gallinger Hos pital was started it was contemplated that it would take over this emergency and free work. Contending the present administra tion of the Public Library in the Dis trict “is an ideal plan for any city to use,’’ and that the Controlling Board is composed of representative citizens who are vitally interested in their work and who serve without pay. the association unanimously adopted a resolution recommending retention of the existing plan of se lecting the Board of Trustees, the librarian and all library employes. In another resolution, the associa tion commended Maj. Ernest W. Brown, superintendent of police, and Leslie C. Garnett, District attorney, for their efforts "in sponsoring the special drive on crime in the District” and pledged its support in the cam paign. William A. Maio, president, was re elected for the ensuing year, as were Mrs. A. H. Bryde, first vice president, and W. J. Carey, sergeant at arms. The new officers elected were: Deg man, second vice president; Orrin J. Davy, secretary; George C. Glick, treasurer, and Vemls Absher and Davy, delegates to the Federation of Citizens’ Associations. Bernard Ladd, Mrs. Alyse H. Thume and Joseph F. Swaine were appointed as delegates to the Community Center. Davy, who is captain of territory 326 in the Community Chest campaign, appealed for support in the Chest campaign this year. Dorsey W. Hyde, Jr., assistant di rector of the Washington Better Hous ing Campaign, explained the many benefits made possible under the hous ing act and pointed out the great amount of money already secured by home owners under the modernization plan. > CAPITAL TO OOFF DIGNITY TO ENTER HALLOWEEN FETE Record Number to Take Part in Parade and Sec ondary Features. WEATHER TO BE CLOUDY FOR NIGHT OF REVELRY Dancing in the Street Will Fol low Ceremonie* on Consti tution Avenue. All Washington was preparing today to celebrate Halloween, when serious ness will be thrown to the four winds and the spirit of revelry will reign supreme. Tonight thousands will converge on Constitution avenue to witness what promises to be Washington’s largest and most colorful parade—the fea ture of the official celebration here under auspices of the Greater Na tional Capital Committee of the Board of Trade. Although official weather forecast today indicated it would become cloudy by parade time, indications were that rain would not fall until late tonight. The parade, to be headed by Betty Gray. Miss Halloween, II, as queen, will be featured by many beautifully decorated floats and private auto mobiles. groups and Individual cos tumed marchers. At least 1,000 per sons are expected in the line of march. 48 Floats Are Planned. In all there are some 22 civic floats, 26 business floats, 22 local costumed marchers groups, three out-of-town costumed marchers groups and a dozen bands listed to take part. In addition there are some 45 decorated automobiles to be entered by local Ford dealers. Many individuals also are to join in the procession. A total of 14 silver cups are to be awarded winners in various classifica tions in the parade, in addition to a long list of secondary prizes. Curtis Hodges, executive director of the Greater National Capital Com mittee, said that greater enthusiasm has been shown for the celebration this year than ever before and that there is every indication that all rec ords will be broken both as to the number of participants in the pa rade and the number to witness it. At 5:30 p.m. today, the Presidential suite at the Willard Hotel will be turned over to Miss Halloween, 2d, and her court.. From there she will be escorted to the starting point of the parade at Sixth street and Con stitution avenue by Brooke Johns, as King of Revelry. Parade Set for 7:36 p.m. The parade is to start up Consti tution avenue at 7:30 pm. and will disband at Seventeenth street after passing the reviewing stands on the avenue between Fifteenth and Seven teenth streets, from which vantage point It will be witnessed by the judges and leading citizens who will occupy seats in the stands. Following the parade, the crowds will join in a dance on Constitution avenue in the vicinity of the reviewing stands, where they will glide over 300 pounds^ of cornmeal and 100 pounds of soap powder sprinkled over the sur face. Music will be provided through phonographic records with the aid of loudspeakers. A brilliant color scheme of orange will be carried out in the lighting effects. Officers of the District of Columbia National Guard will have charge of the parade over the line of march to insure promptness and smoothness over the route. Large details of police will be on hand to handle the crowds. Numerous private celebrations and dances throughout the city will help round out the festive occasion here. As in past years, large crowds are expected to frequent the downtown area and to engage In confetti throw ing, horn blowing, pranks and other forms of hilarity. CHRISTMAS DELIVERY The Post Office Department will deliver packages qn Christmas day this year for the first time since 1928. Substitutes, however, will perform the labor, rather than regular employes. Crowds Interest Aroused by New Arrivals at Zoo Three of four new additions to the animal family at the Zoological Park. At the left, a barking deer, whose strange noise is often a puzzle to visitors. On the right is the newly-born llama. Considerable animosity seems to have been aroused between the buck and doe pictured below. The doe is an Indian deer, one of two arrivals recently brought over from Germany. The buck, however, is an "old-timer” and is a bit bewildered by the sudden attack. « —Stir Stiff Photo.