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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 03, 1934, Image 2

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■ΕΠΙ ON WAY
10 IMS CITY
Floyd Henchman to Be
Quizzed on Union Sta
tion Massacre.
By the Associated Press.
LISBON, Ohio, November 3.—Adam
Richetti, henchman of "Pretty Boy"
Floyd, is on his way to Kansas City
to tell what he knows—or what he
is willing to tell—about the massacre
of five men in the Union Station
there last year.
The first open move by the Fed
eral Government to obtain custody
of the man, himself suspected of hav
ing pulled a trigger-finger in the
wholesale slaughter June 17, 1933,
was successful only after hours of
argument at Columbiana County's
creaking, 95-year-old jail.
Must Be Returned to Ohio.
A writ of habeas corpus ad testi
ficandum issued at Kansas City pro
vides that Richetti be brought back
to Ohio upon completion of his ap
pearance before the Federal grand
jury there.
Five hours after three deputy
United States marshals left Lisbon
for Cleveland on the first leg of the
trip to Kansas City, A. T. McGowan,
chief deputy and one of the trio,
commented at Cleveland:
"Richetti is in town, but don't ask
me where he is. I can assure you
he is in Federal custody, and we are
going to deliver him in Kansas City
or bust.
"We had one of our men shot down
at the Union Station in Kansas City,
and we're not taking any more
chances than we can help."
May Make Trip in Plane.
McGowan Indicated Richetti would
be taken out of Cleveland by airplane
if authorization is forthcoming from
Washington. Beyond that he declined
to disclose his plans. Either one of
two scheduled United Air Line flights
to Chicago this afternoon would per
mit the returning officers to connect
■with a trip which would place the
prisoner in Kansas at 8.30 p.m. (Cen
tral standard time).
Department of Justice operatives
believe Richetti knows the inside story
of the Kansas City slayings. Frank
Nash, ex-convict, and four peace offi
cers lost their lives in the withering
gunfire when an attempt was made to
free Nash.
Boone County, Mo., wants Richetti
to face charges of murdering two
peace officers.
Columbia County wants to keep him
because a bullet nicked the police
chief at Wellsville in the ankle when
Richetti was captured.
Threatened With Contempt.
The immediate question involved In
the argument last night was whether
the deputy marshals would give Co
lumbiana County a guarantee that Ri
chetti would be returned here if he were
released to their custody for the trip
to Kansas City. The officers said
they would not, and there the matter
rested for hours with a contempt of
court threat hanging over the prose
cutor and Sheriff Frank Ballantine if
they persisted in holding their
prisoner.
The Kansas City writ is returnable
at midnight tonight.
Whether the United States district
attorney's office would permit Richetti
to tarry in Cleveland for a plea before
a United States commissioner on his
permanent removal to Kansas City
was problematical. Frank Weide
mann. assistant United States district
attorney, announced previously Ri
chetti would be given opportunity to
fight removal.
CRIME PREVENTION
MOVE IS INDORSED
Chillum Heights Citizens Order
Delegates to Support Fed
eration Efforts.
After indorsing the move for crime
prevention, the Chillum Heights Citi
zens' Association, at its meeting last
night in the Keene School, instructed
its delegates to the federation to sup
port that'body's endeavors in this
direction,
C. Marshall Finnan of the National
Park and Planning Commission will
be requested in a letter to assign
Civilian Conservation Corps men to
clean up Port Totten Park and the
area between Ports Drive and west
of the Baltimore & Ohio Railroad
tracks. It was claimed that part of
the area was covered with tin cans.
Berause of the beautiful view gained
from this old Civil War fort the mem
bers are especially desirious of hav
ing it cleaned.
A resolution will be sent to the Dis
trict Building asking that trees be
placed where the curbing has now
been established. This embraces the
area along New Hampshire avenue
from Kennedy street to the railroad
tracks.
CANAL TOLLS CLIMB
BALBOA, Canal Zone, November 3
</P).—Tolls collected from vessels using
the Panama Canal the first 10 months
of this year increased $3.068,000 over
the collections in the same period a
year ago, it was revealed by records
compiled yesterday.
There was a 19.6 per cent increase.
Canal passages in October were the
highest since May.
Mary Denies She
And Fairbanks
Are Reconciled
Miss Pick ford Amazed
by Happy Ending
Scenario.
Br the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, November 3.—No, Mary
and Doug are not reconciled.
Miss Pickford seemed quite be
wildered about reports to the con
trary. Some one had chatted with
her down at Kansas Citey, as her
train from Hollywood passed through,
and from the chat emerged a story
of happy reconciliation with Douglas
Fairbanks.
"Why," said the actress when she
reached Chicago, "I only talked with
one man there. He must be a good
scenario writer."
Well, were they reconciled?
The answer is no.
*
What's What
Behind News
In Capital
1
Trial Balloons on New
£12,000,000,000 Pro
gram Come Down Flat.
BY PAUL MALLON.
A YAWNING silence was the
only reaction to recent New
Deal publicity feelers about a
new twelve - billion -dollar
building program.
The idea was put out anonymously
by certain of President Roosev j't's ad
visers who have long been suHering
from the building fever, an apparently
incurable political disease. The White
House did not like It very much. The
j only comment there was that a lot of
ι people had a lot of eight, ten and
i twelve billion dollar visions for proj
j ects which would be self-liquidating
; in 120 years, but that Mr. Roosevelt
did not want to wait 120 years to get
out of the depression. ·
You can accept that as /air
notice that these building visions
are going to have to be condensed
to somewhat substantial realities
before Mr. Roosevelt accepts any
more of them. There is a good
reason for that feeling—the ex
perience with, the P. W. A.
Look at the Figures.
The New Deal press agents naturally
assert the P. W. A. was a great suc
cess. To all outward appearances Mr.
Ickes has allocated all his 3.7 billions
and closed up shop. He has figures
three yards long indicating that, if all
! the P. W. A. man-hours were laid end
to end they would extend from here
to the Aleutian Islands, or perhaps
farther. The results, they say, are
amazing. They are right about that.
You do not need more than two
figures to see it. Mr. Ickes has al
located all his 3.7 billions, but only
1.1 billions had been disbursed by the
1 Treasury up to a few days ago.
In other words, more than a year '
after the whooped-up P. W. A. cam
paign start?d—and now that it is all
over and every one has gone home—
the actual money spent is less than
one-third of the total appropriation.
The last dollar of it probably will
not be put Into man-hours of labor
until long after the depression is sup
posed to be over.
Most insiders are beginning to sus
pect that the public building theory
of relief continues to survive largely
for political reasons. The Congress
men like it. They get $100,000 post
Offices built in 510,000 towns. They
get dams and reservoirs which flow
with local prestige and votes for them.
In fact, no politician can afford to be
against the idea.
It is readily agreed at the top
here that a conservative building
program is essential, if only for β
the reason that the private build·
ing industry is dragging bottom.
They justify the P. W. A. on that
ground and other similar ones.
But eight, ten and twelve billions
more is something else again.
What they would like to see Is a
conservative, long-term Government
building policy—not an emergency re
lief measure, or a political pork bar
rel. but a systematized, planned, per
manent and intelligent method of
handling this phase of Government
activity.
The P. W. A. may dispute the fig
ures cited here. Its books show it
has written checks for $1,767,000,000,
of which $1,507,000,000 is for Federal
projects. The monthly average dis
bursements. the officials say are now
running around $100,000,000.
They Explain.
They explain the discrepancy be
tween 1.1 and 1.7 billions by saying
the Treasury counts the canceled
checks, while they count checks mailed
out. If that is correct, there are about
half a billion dollars in checks (five
months' disbursements) lying around
uncashed.
But even if νου accept the P. W. A.'s
own figures, the conclusion cannot be
altered. It means merely that they
have been spending half their money
instead of a third.
Even with all the pork offered, some
Congressmen are not satisfied pri
vately with the cautious way the
P. W A. has been administered. 8ome
harsh things will be said about Mr.
Ickes at the coming congressional
session. The charge will be made
that he has a graft phobia. It will
be said that he never goes around a
corner without first peeking to see
if a crook is there.
There is something in that, but
not much. Exaggerated curbstone
stories have been going around the
inner circle about the espionage sys
tem?
It is true he has a more extensive
spy system than any Government
department <outside the D. of J.)
ever had be/ore. His employes are
reputed to sleep always with pil
lows in their mouths )or ]ear of
talking in their sleep.
But most of the stories you have
been hearing about it are wrong.
Glavis Has a System.
There is no boy detective stuff in
the system headed by Louis Glavis.
The methods are those of trained
newsmen rather than sleuths. His
forces have been secretly divided into
three divisions, interior, oil enforce
ment and P. W. A. investigations.
Agents assigned to P. W. A. may also
work on an interior investigation or
oil.
As a rule the Ρ W. A. agents in
charge are engineers. The working
agents are not er-detectives, but
young lawyers, engineers or newsmen.
It is quite well known on the inside
that they have not been above look
ing into the affairs of a Congressman
or of Government officials on special
occasions. They even have carte
blanc to investigate Ickes himself.
All cases, before being presented to
grand juries, are first sent to Wash
ington for an Ο. K. from the legal
division and Glavis. They do not try
any of the old prohibition undercover
technique.
They pay good salaries, 42,800 be
ing the minimum. « *
(Copyright. 1934.) »
Sugar Mills to Be Added.
Kwangtung Province of China will
open three new provincial monopoly
sugar mills.
*
Taxes on Consumers Also
Care for Persons on
Relief Rolls.
This is the fourth of a series of
six articles outlining England's ef
forts to reform the British eco
nomic system.
BY LOUIS M. LYONS.
England, feeling that she Is putting
depression behind her, counts as one
or its results the abolition of her an
cient poor law system In favor of a
national scheme of unemployment re
lief.
The British had much the same ex
perience with their local welfare prob
lem under depression as most Amer
ican communities. Never organised
to meet the strain of supporting from
a fifth to a third of the population—
as many local boards had to do—the
local system broke down under the
vast burden laid upon it and finally
disappeared under a weight of bank
ruptcy and Inadequacy.
The national government has taken
over the load, as here. Indeed, there
is a great similarity in the pattern
of Britain's new centralized plan of
unemployment assistance and , the
American E. R. A. Both are based
on the principle that men able and
willing to work shall not be treated
as paupers because of the breakdown
of industry. Both seek uniform treat
ment of those in need and both seek
the rescue of overwhelmed local com
munities. An essential difference is
that the British method does not seek
to afford work to the men on relief.
Instead of undertaking vast public
employment at relief rates. England
had applied huge subsidies to housing
and to shipping partly for the sake
of the stimulus to employment in the
building trades, partly for the sake
of cheap houses for her working
people and an easier path In world
competition for her carrying trade.
She hae undertaken to protect the
jobs and profits of those in farming
and industry by such indirect taxes
upon consumers as the tariff and the
processing tax. to which American
consumers have become accustomed.
Abie-Bodied Cot Off.
England's poor law goes back to
Henry the Eighth. After the Refor
mation the church was no longer equal
to the task of relieving the poor. The
social and economic upheaval of the
fifteenth and sixteenth centuries mul
tiplied the idle and vagrant. These
troubles of the Tudors led to codifi
cation under Elizabeth in a system
whose end results of work house and
pauper were brought to America with
the Puritans. The social attitude that
crystallized in the old poor law is re
flected in the title of the similar
Scottish act dated 1579: "For punish
ment of strong and idle beggars and
relief of the poor and impotent." In
Scotland until the present depression
able-bodied persons had no resource
to public relief of any kind.
It has been an even 100 years from
the breakdown of England's "old poor
l»w" in 1834 to the supplanting of the
"new poor law" by the national as
sistance act of 1934. England knew
before the depression that her local
poor law administration was not mak
ing the grade. By 1909 a royal com
mission had found the system break
ing down all over Britain. But the
World War stopped the talk.
The country was pitched from the
war so immediately into depression
in 1920 that the old local boards of
guardians remained the only bulwark
against the vast want that engulfed
the Industrial towns. Recipients of
local relief increased from 500,000 in
1920 to nearly 2.000.000 by the end
of 1921 and kept on increasing. In
some localities one in five of the
population were "on the town," and
after the great coal strike of 1926
there were great mining areas where
more than half the population were
being cared for at public expense.
Local rates went up in some places
by 600 per cent. Neither the Eliza
bethan nor the nineteenth century
poor law had been framed to deal
with widespread unemployment. Now
the local relief boards had to fill in
the gaps not covered by the unem
ployment insurance. When the local
relief system broke down the govern
ment attempted to load the Impossible
burden onto the unemployment in
surance fund, and that in turn fell
into bankruptcy, forcing an over
hauling of. the whole national policy.
Nation»! Responsibility.
Reorganization has been under way
for several years, to reach completion
in the unemployment assistance
scheme of this year, which is made an
integral part of the unemployment
act. This act of 1934 now recog
nizes national responsibility for relief
of unemployed industrial workers out
side the scope of unemployment in
surance. Administration comes under
a central independent board, respon
sible in policy to the minister of labor.
The present British attitude, in sep
arating unemployment relief from the
care of the chronic dependent, is
found in this statement of Sir Henry
Betterton, minister of labor, while the
1934 act was before Parliament:
"When an unemployed man has re
ceived all the benefit to which he is
entitled under the terms of an insur
ance scheme, he has to fall back upon
the general provision made by the
community out of ordinary taxation.
It would be unfair to those in employ
ment if payments were made to unem
ployed persons out of taxation without
considering whether a payment is
needed. A test of need is essential.
But the old conception of the poor
law, that only the elementery needs
of a destitute person should be pro
vided for. is no longer tenable."
Unemployment figures in Britain
show a substantial reduction from the
2.800.000 of 1932 to 2.195.000 in the
recovery Summer of 1934. But the
accumulated destitution of the long
depression still piles up the relief bur
den. This July found 1,325,207 per
sons on relief, more by 240,000 than
the year before. The relief coet for
the last year available, 1932-3, was
approximately $200,000,000. or just
about what the C. W. A. spent in six
months in New England. Four hun
dred and twenty-five thousand of
those on relief were unemployed
rather than chronic dependents. Some
of them were receiving supplemental
aid because of the size of their fam
ilies, in addition to their unemploy
ment insurance, just as E. R. A. wages
here are eked out in the case of large
families by local welfare assistance.
The 425,000 unemployed receiving
relief need to be set beside the 2,195,
000 living on unemployment insur
ance benefits and the 2,213,000 more
receiving old age pensions. Both
these large groups might be expected
to come on relief if they were not
taken care of by the insurance to
which their weekly contributions have
entitled them. The $160,000,000 a
year paid out of the national insur
ance fund for sickness benefits must
also save the relief administration a
heavy drain. The relief roll* in Brit
Investigator
NAMED FOR DILUNGEB
ESCAPE PKOBE.
JAMES R. FLEMING,
United States district attorney, who
announced at Fort Wayne, Ind.,
he had received orders from At
torney General Cummings to start
an Investigation of the escape of
John Dllllnger from the Crown
Point, Ind., Jail last March. Flem
ing was uncertain whether his in*
qulry would supersede one now
under way by the State admin
istration. —A. P. Photo.
'LAMIT RETURNED;
YALE IS BEAMED
Princeton Game Edition of
Harvard Magazine Is
Recovered.
By the Associated Pre.se.
CAMBRIDGE, Mass., November 3.
—"Lampy's" Princeton game number
went on sale today as scheduled.
More than 3,000 supposedly missing
copies of the current Issue of the
Harvard Lampoon. undergraduate
humorous monthly, were "recovered"
lat* yesterday.
Tîîc return of the edition to Cam
bridge "solved," Lampoon editors
said, "a deep-dyed attempt of Yale
men to hamstring Lampy by pre
venting distribution of the magazine."
The Princeton game edition, pub
lished jointly by the Harvard Lam
poon and the Princeton Tiger in ob
servance of the resumption of foot
ball relations between the universi
ties. allegedly was stolen from the
Lampoon building Wednesday right.
Lampoon editors, who announced
the theft after first denying any such
theft had occurred, announced they
suspected Yale men had taken the
copies. They believed it was a re
prisal for the dognaping of Hand
some Dan IX, Yale athletic mascot,
last March.
Colorful tales were told of the
manner in whfch Harvard "detec
tives" located the magazine; in New
Haven. But there are still those
who believe the "theft" a put-up job
to create circulation for the Issue.
RELIEF ADMINISTRATOR,
HELD BY JOBLESS, FREED
Minister of Welfare Brings Re
lease by Refusing to Negotiate
Until Violence Stops.
By the Associated Press.
LONG BRANCH. Ontario. Novem
ber 3.—J. S. Tifflin, a relief admin
istrator, was released from his office
last night after he had been detained
there forcibly for several hours by 200
jobless and irate men.
He was permitted to go home after
a delegation of the unemployed men
had presented numerous demands to
David Croll, minister of welfare. The
minister said he would not negotiate
with them until they ceased acting in
a violent manner.
Constables sought vainly to free
Tifflin, who had been appointed to
his office Thursday.
Sales Tax Hits $12,000,000.
SACRAMENTO, Calif., November 3
(A>).—California's sales tax poured a
record-breaking revenue into the
treasury during the September quar
ter. reaching $12.821,776.18. or $410,
930.12 more than the State received
in the previous record quarter of last
June, the State Board of Equaliza
tion announced yesterday.
Hurt by Drought
Supply Is Smaller and
Quality Poorer
This Year.
By the Associated Près*.
KANSAS CITY, November 3.—
Thanksgiving day hostesses who had
no trouble finding a suitable turkey
for the menu in 1933 may have to
shop longer and bargain harder this
year.
With 23 shopping days left, turkey
raising centers point to a smaller sup
ply, less uniformity in quality, and a
wide variety of sizes, with small birds
predominating.
As to prices, reports from market
ing centers in the Western half of
the country range from 5 cents a
pound lower than last year to "sub
stantially higher."
Herbert Beyers, Salt Lake City,
manager of the Northwestern Turkey
Growers' Association, estimates the
crop will be 15 per cent smaller this
year. Reports from several of the
nine States In the area, however,
showed an increase. In the Plains
States of Kansas, Oklahoma and
Texas the gobbler production is ex
pected to be from IS to 20 per cent
smaller.
Effects of last Summer's drought
will no doubt be tasted at many
Thanksgiving tables. Shortage of
feed and high temperatures are
blamed for the medium quality and
size of some birds. The growers are
being advised to hold these turkeys
until Christmas to complete the
"finishing" process, but the price of
feed la expected to force many ,to
market them earlier.
ain are thus only a skeleton of what
they would be if the aged, the sick
and the unemployed were not cared
for by social insurance.
(Copyright. 1»S4. by the North American
Mtwipapei AlUaact. IncJ
Τ hanks g
Prospects
h
HIKER GUN
IS VOTE ISSUE
Indiana G. 0. P. Candidates
Charge Spoils System in
Penal Institutions.
Br the Associated Press.
CROWN POINT, Ind., November 3.
—The wooden gun of John Dillinger
assumed an important political posi
tion today.
Republican orators charged 'hat in
troduction of the spoils system ov tiie
Democratic State Administration In
penal management was responsible for
prison deliveries.
The Republican mayor of Crown
Point, Vincent Youlcey, assigned 25
special officers to guard citizens
against "kidnaping by State troopers.'·
Eight of the guards carried shiny
wooden pistols.
"They worked once before down
here." said the mayor, "and 1 suppose
they would again."
U. S. Probe· Escape.
The United States Government took
full charge of the investigation of
Dlllinger's escape, after a secret con
ference in Chicago between Oistrfct
Attorney James R. Fleming ana As
sistant Attorney General J. Edward
Barce. who has been active in the
State inquiry, ordered by the Demo
cratic Governor, Paul V. McNutt.
No announcement may be made
until evidence uncovered has been
placed before a Federal grand jury,
McNutt said.
A man. whose identity was not
divulged, was held by Indiana author
ities, and Oov. McNutt said he had
made a confession, involving two
other men.
Witnesses Released
The Department of Justice in
Washington declined to say whether
Louis Piquette, Chicago lawyer await
ing trial on charges of harboring
Dillinger, was though to be involved
in the escape plot.
Eight Lake County residents, seized
during the week as witnesses and
spirited to Indianapolis, were released.
Reports that $3.900 was paid to
"Spring," a notorious gunman, went
unconfirmed, and Fleming said he
had no information that three parties
shared the money. Barce said re
cently that $1.800 was paid by Dil
linger for his escape, and that $3.500.
which was never paid, had been
promised
DILLINGER'S AIDES
j QUIZZED ON BREAK
Tip From Relative of Former
Gangster's Associate Starts
TJ. S. Probe.
By the Associated Press.
The Department of Justice was dis
closed last night to be investigating
whether any persons now under arrest
in connection with the activities of
John Dilllnger were responsible for
his sensational wooden gun esc/pe
from the Crown Point. Ind., Jail.
Among those who have been taken
into custody in connection with the
j gangster's activity is Louis Piquette,
Chicago lawyer, who will go to trial in
I December on an indictment charging
I that he assisted in harboring Dillln
ger.
The department would not say defi
nitely whether it believes Piquette
played a part in Dillinger's delivery
from the Crown Point Jail. Its inves
tigation began two weeks ago when
j agents received a tip from a relative
ί of one of Dillinger's former associates.
I The department asserted yesterday
I that Gov. Paul V. McNutt of Indiana
j had agreed to turn over to the Federal
authorities all the information un
i earthea In the State's Inquiry.
The basis for the Government's ac
tion is that in making his getaway
Dilling'er stole an automobile and
1 drove it across a State line, a violation
of the national motor vehicle theft
I act.
AUSTRALIAN PLANE
REPAIRED FOR HOP
i
Kingsford-Smith to Take Off From
Honolulu for United States
at 7:30 P.M. Today.
By the Associated Press.
HONOLULU November 3 —The re
paired trans-Pacific airplane Lady
Southern Cross flown by Sir Charles
Kingsford-Smith and Capt. P. G
Taylor, was ready to hop today at 2
p.m. (7:30 p.m. Eastern standard
timet for Oakland. Calif., on the last
leg of a flight from Brisbane, Aus
tralia.
Working yesterday with Army me
chanics at Wheeler Field. 30 miles
from here, the Australian aviators
completed repairing the plane's oil
line which had caused a 48-hour post
ponement. Kingsford-Smith declared
the plane was in shape for the 2,408
mile flight to Oakland, starting point
of his epochal aerial journey to Aus
tralia in 1928.
Sir Charles, who handles the con
trols, allowed about 20 hours for the
Oakland jump This would bring him
In shortly after noon Sunday (3 p.m.
Eastern standard time) if the start is
made on schedule.
DRINK FREEDOM DEMAND
OF WOMEN IS CRITICIZED
By the Associated Press.
MINNEAPOLIS, November 3.—The
Hennepin County grand jury In a
report yesterday condemned the fem
inine demand "for the freedom of man
at saloons and in drinking bouts of
private nature."
"This freedom." the report said,
"threatens loss of women's privilege
and raises virtually insurmountable
obstacles In prosecution of crimes
against women and girls."
The grand jury also attributed
juvenile delinquency in a large part
to the sale of liquor to minors and
urged increased beer license fees.
SKIPPER WINS KIS9ES
NEW YORK. November 3 (A>).—
Capt. Theodor Koch of the liner Ham
burg brought his ship Into New York
for the fiftieth time yesterday with
the imprint of as many feminine lips
on his weather-beaten cheek.
Passengers explained that the skip
per had made a pretty little speech
during a dinner in honor of his fif
tieth crossing, in which he remarked
the women on board were the most
beautiful he had ever brought across.
All of them—some 50 in number—
thereupon got up and lushed him.
t
State Department Awaiting ·
Report on Americans' Arrest
Washington Youth and
Girl Questioned on
Espionage Charge.
Seized on October 25
on Suspicion Caused
by Camera.
THE State Department was await
ing a report today on the ar
rest in Munich, Germany, of
a young Washlngtonlan and
a New Rochelle, Ν. Y., girl on
suspicion of espionage.
Gove Griffith Johnson, jr., son of
the pastor of the National Baptist
Memorial Church, Sixteenth street
and Columbia road, and Miss Helen
Lyster disclosed In Munich yesterday
that they had been taken in custody
by German secret police, held incom
municado, stripped, searched and fed
black bread and water.
Watched Troop Maneuver*.
The couple, students at the Uni
versity of Munich, had been watching
Storm Troop maneuvers at the Mu
nich Airport October 25, when they
were accosted, after an officer noticed
Miss Lyster was carrying a camera,
according to the Associated Press.
The secret police, suspecting them
of being spies, worked in relays ques
tioning them. During the seven hours
they were in custody they were shifted
to three different police stations—
from a precinct cell to police head
quarters and finally to the office of
ι the secret police.
Miss Lyster and Johnson said they
repeatedly asked to be permitted to
communicate with the United States
consul or an attorney, but were told
"You are being held for espionage."
Miss Lyster's camera had not been
used, but authorities took no chances.
They developed the film in It.
. Delay Not Explained.
In reporting the incident to the
American consulate, the young Amer
! leans made no complaint, however,
j that they had been subjected to ill
; treatment. Both agreed they had
! been "treated with reasonable court
j esy." There was no explanation of
j why they had waited a week to
j make a report.
The State Department was asked
to obtain a report from the American
consul at Munich by Johnson's
father, who was puzzled over the in
cident in view of his son's letters tell
ing of living in the home of an offi
cial of the German state police.
Young Johnson is a graduate of Cen
tral High School here and Harvard
University, from which he received a
travel scholarship to the University of
Munich. He is 22 years old and has
been in Germany fcbout a month.
Miss Lyster, an art student at the
university, is 21 years old, the daugh
ter of Mr. and Mrs. Morton J. Lyster
of New Rochelle. She formerly studied
at the Beaux Arts in Paris. Her father,
commenting last night on her arrest,
said:
"Maybe that will cure her of this
MISS HELEN LYSTER.
—A. P. Photo.
G. GRIFFITH JOHNSON, Jr.
art bug she's got In her head. I should
think she had enough oi Germany by
now.
"It was a ridiculous thing for the
Germans to s>— est her, but what can
I do at this distance?" he asked.
"NO OFFICIAL COMPLAINT."
Couple Realize They Were on For
bidden Ground.
BERLIN, November 3 —The two
Americans who were arrested, stripped
and searched by the Nazis in Munich
October 25 said today they had "no
official complaint to make" to German
authorities concerning their treatment.
G. Griffith Johnson, jr.. of Washing
ton, D. C.. said in a telephone conver
sation with Berlin that he and Miss
Helen Lyster oi New Rochelle, Ν. Y.,
"now realize we were on forbidden
ground when we were arrested.
Shying at the unaccustomed pub
licity caused by their detention, John
son and Miss Lyster denied themselves
to all inquirers today.
They were arrested by Storm Troop
ers when the latter spied a camera
carried by Miss Lyster. The instru
ment was confiscated and returned
after the film had been developed and
found to be unexposed.
Defender of Parole Laics
Sees Need for Corrections
Capt. Barnard, Head of Penal Institu
lions, Declares Even Judges Are
Con fused by Present Act.
This is the second 0/ a series of
articles dealing with the District's
comparatively new intermediate
sentence and parole laws which
have been subjected to criticism in
connection with the anti-crime
crusade. The third article will
appear tomorrow.
One of the strongest defenders of
the District's indeterminate sentence
and parole laws is Capt. M. M. Bar
: nard, general superintendent of penal
institutions, although he believes that
several years of experimentation have
shown the need of some major modi
fications and Improvements.
First and foremost, Capt. Barnard
said a change should be made to pre
vent too-quick release of certain
felons, but he pointed out at the same
time, that in other cases, penalties now
being imposed are even more severe
than before adoption of the indefinite
sentences.
"The indeterminate sentence and
parole law as it now stands must be
modified, for even the judges at court
are confused as to how to give sent
ences under its present terms," he de
clared.
System Has Not Failed.
"This should not, however, lead us
to believe that parole and probation
have failed. They have not. The
people will never stand for abolition of
the parole and probation systems.
They serve the welfare of the public
as well as the prisoner, but should be
applied to first offenders rather than
to the chronic and hardened repeaters,
he added.
Capt. Barnard produced figures also
to show that the parole system here
had been more effective than generally
throughout the country. Citing fig
ures on paroles and parole violations
since 1928, he showed that violations
have been found here in 10.5 per cent
of the total cases. He has been in
formed the violations of parole na
tionally have ranged In recent years
from 12 to 20 per cent.
Discussing difficulties under the
present wording of the indeterminate
sentence law. Capt. Barnard stated:
"The sentences now being served at
the reformatory are more severe in so
far as parole is concerned than those
which were imposed prior to the pas
sage of the indeterminate sentence and
parole act.
Gains Only One Day.
"A man sentenced to a term of from
one to 15 months—we have quite »
number of such cases—has 366 days
to serve to complete sentence with
good time allowance. He therefore
becomes eligible for parole one day be
fore the expiration of his term. The
same man, prior to the new indetermi
nate sentence law would have become
eligible for parole at the end of five
months.
"We can cite several cases of men
sentenced from one to 13 months, one
year to 14 months, two to two and a
half years, etc., whose short terms ex
pire before they become eligible for
parole.
"We have many eases of men sen
tenced from two to three years, two
to four years, two to five years, etc.,
who must serve the minimum years
before applying for parole. Had they
been sentenced before the new law
was adopted they would become eli
gible in one year, 16 months, or 20
months, respectively.
"We have one case of a man sen
tenced from 8 to 12 years whose sen
tence will expire 20 day* alter be be

comes eligible for parole. Under the
old law he would have become eligible
in four years.
"We have numerous sentences on
which we have not been able to de
termine any parole date under the
new law. In the case of a man sen
tenced for second degree murde\ the
maximum sentence for this crime is
life, and the District of Columbia
code states that not less than 20 years
must be imposed. Under the indeterm
inate sentence law, the judge may im
pose a maximum, not exceeding the
maximum fixed by law. and a mint
mum not exceeding one fifth of the
maximum fixed by law.
Sentence Appears Invalid.
"The maximum being life, what Is
one fifth of the maximum? The courts
do not seem to know as they sUll are
sentencing men convicted of second
degree murder to a definite term and
this appears to us to be an invalid
sentence."
Capt. Barnard said he believed the
law should be modified so that each
person sentenced would have to serve
one-third, rather than merely one
fifth, of the maximum sentence before
being eligible for parole.
During the fiscal year ending last
June there were 381 prisoners paroled
here, and of these 26 violated parole,
or 6.8 per cent, Capt. Barnard said.
In the year ending June 30. 1933, there
were 326 on parole and 31 violations,
or 9.5 per cent: 1932, 252 paroled and
42 violations, or 166 per cent; 1931,
162 paroled and 19 violations, or 11.7
per cent; 1930. 67 paroled and 7 vio
lations. or 10.4 per cent; 1929, 51
paroled and 4 violations, or 7.8 per
cent, and 1928. 51 paroled and 6 vio
lations, or 11.7 per cent.
This table shows a total of 1,290
prisoners paroled since July 1. 1Î27,
and 135 violations of parole or an
average of 10.4 per cent. The Board
of Indeterminate Sentence and Parole
came into being in the 1933 fiscal year.
At the Monday night meeting, Gar
nett voiced complaint that one pris
oner of bad police record had been
paroled 18 months after receiving sen
tences of 8 and 10 years, to run con
currently. "The law which permitted
this should be repealed," he declared.
Capt. Barnard produced records for
the prisoner he believed Garnett had
identified, showing that the man
served 25 months and 25 days, or
more than one-fifth of his maximum
term of 10 years, necessary to make
him eligible. He said the man's rec
ord at the institution was "excellent."
TAX SESSION CALLED
Murray Would Remit Penalties
for Delinquent Levies.
OKLAHOMA CITY, November 3
(IP).—A special session of the new
Legislature, to be elected November 6,
was announced yesterday by Gov.
W. H. Murray for the purpose of re
mitting penalties on dellnqulet taxes.
Gov. Murray has fought for two
years against sale of property by coun
ties for delinquent taxes.
Several months ago. he ordered
National Guardsmen into 11 counties
where county treasurers had an
nounced they would hold sales as pro
vided by law. Guardsmen stood at
the doors of court houses and the sales
were not held.
$24,000,000 for Belief.
The Netherlands' new unemploy
ment relief plan is to cost about
; $24,000,000. _
»
Union Workers Renew Clash
at Nanticoke, Pa., In
juring Five.
Br the Associated Press.
WILKES-BARRE, Pa. November 8.
—Bullets flew early today at Nanti
coke, when members of the United
Mine Workers of America clashed at
close quarters—for the third time in
four days—with pickets of the United
Anthracite Miners of Pennsylvania.
Five were known to have been hurt.
Ackets and workers defied drawn
revolvers and warnings of policemen
to wage a pitched battle In Nanticoke,
climaxing three hours of sporadic
skirmishing between roving bands of
rival unionists
None of the combatants was struck
by bullets, but flying rocks, bolts and
washers injured several.
ι Fighting in Streets.
The massed encounter lasted little
more than Ave minutes, but excite
ment did not die down until more than
a half hour later as running fights
occurred on a half dozen Nanticoke
streets and at Sheaton in Newport
Township.
Casualties of today's encounter were
less than yesterday, the known injured
including two men treated at Nanti
coke State Hospital, a Nanticoke spe
cial policeman and several other mine
workers whose injuries did not require
medical attention.
The course of today's warfare was
the reverse of yesterday. The United
Mine Workers gained possession of the
entrance to No. 7 colliery of the Sus
quehanna Collieries Co.—focal point
of the current trouble—long before
dawn. Yesterday pickets were en
trenched at the colliery gates until
forced out by 500 marching United
Mine Workers.
Shots Are Exchanged.
Today the picketing body marched
on the colliery from Central Parle,
more than a mile distant. Exchanges
of missiles were followed by a charge
of 1.000 United Mine Workers.
Outnumbered more than three to
one, pickets stood off the charging
United Mine Workers for several min
utes, pouring a rain of stones from
their vantage point of a hilltop. Mo
torists who stopped their machines
between the two groups when the
fighting started were forced to flee as
flying rocks struck windshields and
windows.
Revolver shots from the bottom of
the hill brought answering reports
from the hill defenders. Nanticoke
police, who had trailed the marching
pickets from Central Park, then went
into action, but were caught between
two fires.
PACT TO ENFORCE
CODES DISCLOSED
Richberg Tells Paint Industry
Convention Justice Depart
ment Co-operate».
Donald R. Rich'oerg says N. R. A.
and the Department of Justice have
worked out "a very good understand
ing" as to how to enforce Blue Eagle
codes.
This announcement, made yester
day in an address before the Paint,
Varnish and Lacquer Association,
was received with interest because
the question of policing the codes
has been one of the hardest to con
front the new N. R. A. Administra
tive Board.
Richberg, the President's recovery
co-ordinator, declared N. R. A. is not
dying but convalescing.
"The fever has broken. The crisis
has been passed. The recovery of
recovery is under way," he told the
association convention at the May
flower Hotel.
FLORIDA COURT STUDIES
SUIT TO CONSTRUE WILL
Widow Seeks to Determine
Whether to Take $500,000 or
Demand Dower Rights.
By the Associated Press.
MIAMI. Fla., November 3—A suit to
construe the will of Albert Charles
Murphy, former Miami Beach resident,
who died January 25, 1933, in Beverly
Hills. Calif., was taken under advise
ment here yesterday by Circuit Judge
Uly O. Thompson.
Murphy left an estate of $1,900,000.
Mrs. Theresa Murphy of Jamaica, N.
Υ, the widow, and Dwight Murphy of
Santa Barbara, Calif, a brother, ex
ecutors, brought the suit to determine
whether Mrs. Murphy should accept a
S500.000 trust fund left her. or instead
claim dower rights to one-half of the
estate
Murphy's will provided for three
trust funds of $100.000 each. These
were left for Mrs. Silva F. Murphy of
Scarsdale, Ν. Y.; Harry Paul Murphy
of San Diego, Calif., a brother, and
Mrs. Jennie Elizabeth Baldwin of
Santa Barbara, his mother.
DOUMERGUE SAVES
CABINET BY TRUCE
WITH 2 FACTIONS
(■Continued Prom First Page.)
was given added signiflcane by the
adoption of a plan to regulate the im
portation, sale and possession of fire
arms in an effort to curb reported
arming of political factions.
There have been rumors of further
demonstrations such as resulted in
the death of 28 persons and the
wouxtr'ng of a thousand in the Janu
ary ahd February riots. The Croix
de Feu, which marched in solid col
umns against the police guns on Feb
ruary 6. even Issued a warning to all
of «β members not to be misled by
a false summons and obey orders
issued only by their district leaders.
The disagreement of the radicals
with the premier applied only to the
question of dissolution. Doumergue'·
text provides that during the first
year of any Parliament the President
of the republic can dissolve the cham
ber with the consent of the Senate as
at present, but after the first year
the consent of the Senate is optional.
New Statua of Premier.
The first change in the 59-year-old
constitution agreed upon would give
the premier the status of a minister
without portfolio, and membership la
the cabinet would be limited to 20.
Another provided that in the event
the government and chamber disagree
within a year after the election of the
: chamber, the latter may be dissolved
If the President and premier Jointly
issue a dissolution decree approved 1#
the Senate.
* I

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