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NEW COURT POWER
WOULD AIDN1 A. "Declaratory Judgment" Act Would Permit Rulings in Controversies. Proposed reorganization of the Na tional Recovery Administration along lines that would afford business a greater degree oi self-government has served to center attention on an enactment of the last Congress, pro viding for declaratory Judgments, which, it is contended, could be a valuable adjunct in the new set-up. This act provides that in cases "of actual controversy," courts of the United States may, on application, declare the rights and other legal re lations of any interested party, this finding to have the force of a. final judgment or decree. Provides Prejudgment. It EfTordi. in some degree, the thing for which the business interests of the country have been arguing for several years; that is, a tribunal to which proposed compacts might be submitted for a prejudgment as to their legality, with the supposition, of course, that the element of controversy could be established. Otherwise, it would not be available. Presumably it was this to which reference was made by Donald Rich berg. executive director of the Na tional Emergency Council, in his speech before the Associated Grocery Manufacturers in New York Wednes day night, when he suggested creation of a National Code Administration, empowered to authorize or prohibit concerted action, and then added: "Its decisions should be made re viewable—not by an ordinary lawsuit, but by an appeal for a declaratory judgment by a court of competent jurisûiction." Such a code administration, it is pointed out by observers, would by the act of denying some application set up the necessary "controversy" to make the declaratory judgment ap plicable. Meets Business Ideas. The entire picture drawn by Rich berg, incorporating both of these fea tures, seems to meet the ideas that have been advanced by business in terests for the past three years. The forerunner of these was the elaborate "Swope report," prepared by Gerard Swope. president of General Electric, and followed a short time later by the report on "Continuity of Business and Employment," drawn by a com mittee of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States, headed by Henry I. Harriman, now president of the chamber. This latter report received the in dorsement of the chamber, and it was recalled yesterday that one portion of it put business on record as favor ing—in return for obtaining stabiliz ing legislation—establishment of un employment insurance and other steps to guarantee employment—points to day on which the administration Is hammering. Because of this, some speculation has been aroused as to ■whether the proposed revamping of the N. R. A. may not again be coupled ■with measures for aiding workers in industry. Chamber Being Polled. Right now the chamber Is polling its membership for an expression on N. R. A. reorganization. The Federal declaratory judgment law follows the principle of that in some 34 States, and has long been urged by the American Bar Associa tion. Senator King, Democrat, of Utah, and Representative Montague of Virginia, piloted it through Con gress, where it had lain dormant for six years. When it was under discussion one of those advocating it, described it in this way: "Under the present law, you take a step in the dark and then turn on the light to see if you have stepped In a hole. Under the declaratory judgment law, you turn on the light and then take your step." Discussed in Publication. In an article carried in the Cer tified Public Accountant. Nathan Boone Williams, local attorney, recent ly discussed this law at length and declared business men would take full advantage of it to determine questions arising with the Government, partic ularly in the New Deal agencies. "With the Federal Government com ing into direct relation with the citi fen in an increasing multitude of situations," he wrote, " 'cases of ac tual controversy' are and must be of frequent occurrence, and, as govern ment always acts through agents, these agents, up to and including the Attorney General of the United States, Will become appropriate parties re spondent in actions to declare the respective rights of the citizen in his relation to his government under the Federal law." PRESS URGED TO MAKE CRIME LESS GLAMOROUS American Bar Association Head Outlines "War"' Program for Florida Group. By the Associated Press. OCALA, Fla.. November 24.—The press was called on today by Scott M. Loftin of Jacksonville, president of the American Bar Association, to make crime "less glamorous, less attractive, less enticing." "Play down criminals for what they really are," Loftin said, in an ad dress before the Florida Press Associa tion. He outlined the program of the bar association for a "new war" on crime. "Give more space to efforts of the association to wipe out these condi tions," Loftin said. "If these crim inals cannot be worthy heroes, then they must be unworthy heroes. It is up to the people. It Is their duty as citizens to efface this crime menace." MAN'S THROAT IS CUT; WIFE FACES CHARGES Assault Case Is Filed by Police, Who Find Woman in Gas Filled Boom. Claimed by police to have cut her husband's throat with a knife and then to have attempted suicide by gas in the kitchen of her home, Mrs. India Frances Powell. 821 Hamilton street, was being held at the House of Detention last night on a charge of assault with a dangerous weapon. Mrs. Powell's husband, Gary O. Powell, 26. was treated at Freed men's Hospital after sixth precinct police answered a call to the house and claim to have found the husband bleeding from a laceration to the throat and the woman in the kitchen with several gas jets open. Powell went to the home of his mother after treatment κ i/ TOBACCO CARGO STOLEN Truck Driver Tied With Wire and Abandoned. . ROANOKE. Va., November 24 (JF).— A tobacco and cigarette laden van op erated by the Dunbar Trucking Co. of Huntington, W. Va., was held up and robbed near Lick Run in Northern Botetourt County about 5 a.m. today. The truck driver, Arnold Bailey, was left wired up. Clifton Stafford, a driver for the Greyhound Bus Line between here and Clifton Forge, said the truck was dis covered about 100 yards off the main highway on a side road. BALDWIN SAYS U. S. TAKES PEACE LEAD Other Nations Must Consider Course of America, He Holds. By the Associated Press. GLASGOW, November 24.—Any collective effort by nations to insure the peace of the world must include the United States, 6ays Stanley Baldwin. "Never as an individual will I sanction the British Navy being used for the armed blockade of any coun try in the world until I know what the United States Is going to do," he asserted In a speech last night. Baldwin, who as lord president of the council, ranks second to the prime minister, deplored the with drawals of Japan and Germany from the League of Nations. He said they made more difficult action by powers in any joint peace system. Saying he did not know whether the United States would ever abandon its traditional policy of isolation, he expressed certainty there never would be α League of Nations with the power and influence it ought to have "until that great country Is a member." "What we've got to do," Baldwin said, "is to go on working—largely by faith, I admit—to try to get back Into the League those who have be longed to it. and trust that the day may come when the world circle Is complete by the admission of the United States." Without referring specifically to any nation, he made mention of "cer tain disquieting effects" in places where he said vast populations "are being drilled in a culture and a belief the very antipodes of everything you and I stand for." Soviet Goes for Classics. Among the foreign classics to be published by the Soviet state printing trust are the works of Shakespeare, Dickens and Fielding, translated into Russian. COL. RICHARD CUnS DIES IN SAN DIEGO Marine Corps Officer'» Body to Be ί Shipped fo- Interment in Arlington Cemetery. Br the Associated Press. SAN DIEGO, Calif., November 24 ' —Col. Richard M Cutts. 56, U. S. M. C„ died today at his home after a i long Illness. He came here two ; months ago from Newport, R. I. The body will be sent to Arlington Na tional Cemetery for burial. Col. Cutts served as an ensign in the Navy during the Spanish-Amer ican War and was appointed to the Marine Corps in 1899. During the World War he was on the staff of the commander In chief. Pacific Fleet. Prom 1922 to 1924 he commanded the Policia Nacional of Santo Domingo and later headed the 1st Brigade in Haiti. Surviving are his widow, Mrs. Mar- ; garet Pitts Cutts, San Diego; a \ daughter, Mrs. Alice Wainwright. Washington, D. C„ and a son, Lieut. R. M. Cutts, U. S. M. C. HUNTERS PAY $182,000 ON "DUCK STAMP" TAX Funds From Sale of Adhesive· to Be Used to Supplement $8,500, 000 Appropriation. By the Associated Press Sportsmen of the Nation have con tributed to date more than $182,000 under the "duck stamp" tax on hunt ing licenses tor the Federal program of restoring wild life. J. Ν Darling, chief of the Bureau of Biological Survey and cartoonist on-leave, who made the sketch for the stamp, reported that 182.407 have been sold to date at $1 each. iioms vai.i: at thi: nut: OF ONE OF THESE 8 VALUABLE ITEMS Will be included FREE WITH EVERY SUITE of $88 or More! Genuine Walnut 4-pc. Moderne Bed Room Suite Here is the last word in a moderne design bed room suite. 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