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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 01, 1934, Image 2

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* n-rt in Manufacture of
Veapons to Be Scanned
in Quiz Tuesday.
lie Associated Press.
A spurt in the manufacture of
h^ap machine guns engaged the at
tention of Senate munitions investi
gators today as they sought to learn
where gangdom gets its implements
of war.
Echoes of the shots that killed
Federal Agents Samuel P. Cowley
-nd Herman Hollis will be heard next
week when the senatorial committee
rsumes Its Inquiry.
Noting an increase In the output
f sub-machine guns, investigators
lieved many of them were manu
-tured piece by piece in small
chine shops and then shipped to
tain concerns in Brooklyn to be
^mbled.
Manufacturers Subpoenaed.
"Vhile representatives of larger and
fr known manufacturers have
ti subpoenaed to appear next Tues
V. none of them manufactures the
i'o-machine gun favored by des
radoes. But the committee hopes
ι obtain from a lengthy list of wit
>ses some suggestions as to how
'l? underworld gets its arms and
^munition.
Tuesday's witnesses will include
.iiesentatives of the Colt. Win
rster. Remington and Du Pont man
acturing companies.
In previous hearings the arms
•mpanies have said they take strict
"cautions to keep their weapons
n criminal hands. But somehow
o'her. Investigator Stephen Raush
-ush says, the underworld has ob
• - J at least 800 sub-machine guns.
Source of Supply Sought.
".pressing dissatisfaction with the
''anation that criminals stole some
m law officers. Senator Pope. Dem
vat. of Idaho, said:
"We want to know if these guns
e bring sold direct, and who is
lling them. And we want to know
hat must be done to dry up the
l-ce. The ruthless killing of peace
■ fficcrs In this country amounts to a
ι tional disgrace."
One informant today said some
-■< ;donce pointed to sale of machine
uns to a corrupt foreign official,
ho in turn sold these guns to crim
lals. who smuggled them from their
intair.ers before shipment, or had
lem sent bark into the country
'.ivough criminal channels.
The sub-machine gun, operated
'rem the shoulder or hip, is capable
ι" [ firing 50 shots in automatic fash
f-m. It is a development of the
utomatic rifle of World War days.
I came into wide criminal use in
:e late years of prohibition.
WY IS FAVORED
OVER CADETS ON
MUDDY GROUNDS;
(Continued From First Page>
nw played since then, with a two
ir fracture of relations in 1928 and
'9. the West Point cadets have won
~ht times. Navy managed to achieve
scoreless tie in 1923 and a hysterical
1-21 deadlock in Chicago in 1926.
Army looked with calm confidence
ι conditions that enhanced, if any
vng. the Cadets" chances of wiping
it the Fall's defeats by Illinois and
ntre Dame in the satisfaction of a
:'h straight conquest of Navy. While I
Army's ac", "Texas" Jack Buckler. I
not. in the b-st of condition for a >
'-carrying duel with Borries. the '
■ -'"ts outweigh Navy an average of j
r β pounds to a man, an impor
* factor on a wet day. Neither
η has a real injury.
Attack Built Around Borries.
vy, only by Pitt.-burgh
far, has built its entire attack
iind Borries. a general choice for
s year's a'.l-Anierica. Army's of
isive is far more varied. While
rries dops the vital passing, the
max running, the plunging, and
•es only the kicking for Fullback
.11 Clark. Army has a fine plunger,
f~nsive and blocking star in Capt.
i Fullback Joe Stanrook. and a
'nnins and passing champion to
•ckler in Ed Grove. ri°,ht halfback,
•veil a." more capable replacements.
Γο the Mid hipm~n wanted firm
Γ for Borries" swift feet under the
vppu.'ins that were stretched over
-■^klin Field as soon as Psnnsyl
•lia and Cornell finishrri their
'nnkrgiving day garre. Pools of
•fr soaked in the canvas, but at- |
• -lants said the playing surface was ι
."•Mr."
On ft line drawn through scores of
" Navy-Notre Dame game, which
avy won 10 to 6. and the Army
'ntre Dame same, which Notre Dame
• in 12 to fi the crack eleven Tom
Hamilton has welded together in his'
'T~t vear as Navy's head coach seems
to hold all the ad'.antage. Navy gained
• -ily a Ihirrt as much ground as Notre
")ame did. however, while Army's run
' ng attack s"emed fully equal to that
* the Ramblers from South Bend.
'~r.> bill coaches, most of whom come
^ Army-Navy games, if they can get
'<ets, like base ball mangers go to I
rid series, agreed the match was a
3-up.
Navy Has Edge at Center.
Army's brilliant ends, Bill Shuler
1 Norman Edwards, were matched
Navy's outstanding tackles, Slade
itter and Dick Lambert. The
ards at re matched off, with Navy's
^ntatn. Dick Burns, pitted against
"ob Stillman. one of the best offensive
I nemen in the country. If there was
ny advantage at center, it was con
«—ded to Louis Robertshaw. the sailor
■ ivot, lighter but more experienced
•an Tom Clifford, his opponent
—ross the scrimmage line.
KieKing honors were considered
'iout even, with Bill Clark, Navy
'Uback, capable of matching Buck
•r's ion? boots
The Corps ol Cadets from West
nint and the regiment of Mldship
■cn from Annapolis were scheduled to
rrive here about noon for the tradi
' inal parade before the start of the
pme at 1:30 p.m. (E. S T.). The
' -ams were hidden away at opposite
des of the city. Army 30 miles south
ι New Jersey, Navy 20 miles to the
orth.
ALIEN LAW INVOKED
' "izona Injunction Issued to
Block Farming: by Foreigners.
PHOENIX. Ariz., December 1 (4>).—
V mporary injunctions were granted
} the county attorney on four alien
l~nd law civil actions here yesterday
by Superior Judge J. C. Niles.
The defendants were ordered to ap
prar December 10 to show cause why
the injunctions should not be made
rrrmanent. The State would enjoin
them from possession and cultivating
land for agricultural purposes in vio
lAtion of the Arizona law prohibiting
aliens from holding land.
A
What's What
Behind News
In Capital
Modern U. S. Standard
of Living Is Declared
Exaggerated.
BY PAUL MALI.ON.
POLITICIANS are always blow
ing about the American stand
ard of living. In fact, so are
most economists, to a lesser
extent.
These vaunters have considerably
muted their 1929 tooting about two
cars in every garage, but they still
manage to perpetuate the general idea
that the American market for modern
conveniences has been saturated. In
deed, most well-informed business men
will tell K>u now that nearly every
family has an automobile, electric
lights, a bathtub and a furnace.
That they do not know what they
are talking about is fairly well proved
by a little survey recently conducted
by New Dealers. If you dig into it
you will find that about half of the
city families (not just people, but
families) have no automobiles and
no furnaces, 10 per cent no electric
lights. 18 per cent no private indoor
water closets and 24 per cent no bath
tubs or showers. Furthermore, 58 per
cent have no heating stoves, 83 per
cent no mechanical refrigerators and
31 per cent no gas for cooking.
ν «>- » ^s-~.
These are not farm families or
backwoodsmrn. but representative
residents in 64 representative cities,
large and small. The figures show
conclusively that our modern
standard of living is not even thor
oughly modern; that a vast po
tential market exists and can be
invaded whenever the purchasers
get enough money.
What makes these unnoticed figures
so interesting is the fact that a cer
tain leading New York bank recently
issued an announcement that four out
of five families now have automobiles.
I.ow Percentases Found.
The New Dealers mode their survey
by dwellings, so their figures are cer
tainly conservative. (Two and more
families frequently reside In a dwell
ing.) These investigators found, for
instance, that in Birmingham only
30.7 per cent of the dwellings had au
tomobiles. Indianapolis. 53.3 per cent;
Nashua. Ν. H, 39 per cent; Water
bury. Conn., 36 4; Wheeling, 38.8;
Cleveland. 56 per cent.
You will not believe that In Bir
mingham only 66.4 per cent of the
dwellings had electric lights: Baton
Rouge, 69.9: Paducah. 68.6. (The in
vestigators contend that they did not
pay much attention to Negro districts
in the South, but they must have )
Only 6 4 per cent of the dwellings
in Paducah have mechanical re
frigerators; 9.2 in Erie. Charleston. S.
C.. and Butte. And 27 per cent of
the dwellings in wind-swept Butte
have furnaces; 33.7 per cent in
Springfield, Mo.; 41.4 per cent in
Boise.
Of course, these are the astound
ingly low figures picked out from tne
list, but the national averages were
cited first ϊο you may compare them
There must be a large number
of city people who bathe in the
kitchen sink. In Charleston. S. C..
only 43 6 per cent of the dwellings
have tubs: Paducah. 4X.3: Wheel
ing. 51: Sacramento, 84 9: Cleve
land. 90 8; Birmingham. 47.5: In
dianapolis. 63 9: Knoxville, 5J.1—
just to give you a cross-section
idea.
Proper b^th room facilities were
found in 73.7 per cent of the dwell
ings in Atlanta. 97.9 per cent in Bur
lington, Vt„ 51.1 per cent in Charles
ton. S. C.: 95.5 per cent in Cleveland.
53 per cent in Frederick, Md.; 61.5
per cent in Jackson. Miss.; 70 per
cent in Oklahoma City. 55.6 per cent
in Paducah, 67.5 per cent in Topeka
Government Issues Information.
If any of you manufacturers or
civic organizations want to get busy
you can obtain the survey by writing
to the Bureau of Foreign and Do
mestic Commerc; at the Commerce
Depanment here. Ask for the sur
vey on "The Real Property Inventory
oi 1934. '
The bo^us compromise effort has
gone further than you think. The
Veterans' Bureau now is secretly
working on a proposal to pay only
those in need. It is using income rax
returns pnmar'ly and checking the;e
with relief rolls.
T.. administration idea apparently
is to be very liberal. It will not re
quire anything like a pauper's oath.
At the same time, it probably will not
pay any veteran who has enough in
come to file a tax return.
The veterans' crowd (American
Lesion, particularly) is laying low
until the administration makes an of
fer of compromise. The veterans wiil
have to compromise in the end, be
cause the idea of paying off veterans
who do not need the money will 'oe
hard to defend in view of the existing
Treasury situation.
It looks very much like Harry
Hopkins will get what he reached
for in the reorganization grab bag.
The President favors him to run
the subsistence homestead project.
So does Mrs. Roosevelt, a fact
which is equally important.
A friend of Representative Rayburn
made a 5-to-4 bet Wednesday that
Rayburn would win the speakership.
Some significant inside developments
are supposed to have occurred Tues
day.
Senator Cutting's friends say he has
a watchman assigned to guard the New
Mexican ballot boxes.
Leave accumulated by Government
clerks is figured in fractions of hours.
Thus an N. R. A. employe was told the
other day that he had 8 days 3 hours
and 5 minutes coming to him. That
is time-clocking for you.
In the President's press entourage
is a newsman (J. Russell Young of the
Washington Star) who looks somewhat
like Mr. Roosevelt. Crowds on the re
cent Southern trip frequently ap
plauded him instead of the President.
The T. V. A. also is in the restaurant
business. It serves 2,400 meals four
times a day (one at midnight) for
12.300 workers in the Tennessee Valley.
(Copyright. 1Μ.Ί4. by the North America·
Mcwipaper AUlanct. tee.)
ROOSEVELT FACES
GIGANTIC HEM
President Must Decide on
Policy of Relief and
Unemployment.
By the Associated Press.
With advisers pouring conflicting
counsel into his ear, President Roose
velt entered today the month in which
he will make a decision regarded by
official Washington as one of the most
momentous ever to face a Chief Ex
ecutive.
Whether to call on Congress to ap
propriate more billions—perhaps $9,
000.000.000—In a gigantic eftort to
conquer the relief and unemployment
problem, or whether to taper off Fed
eral expenditures in the belief that a
business revival will do the Job—that
is the question.
It is an issue that sharply divides
the citizenry, the economists, and even
—authoritative sources say—the very
cabinet itself.
Two of the foremost advocates of
the spending-for-rehabilitatlon idea,
Secretary Ickes, public works adminis
trator, and Harry L. Hopkins, Federal
emergency relief administrator, plan
ned to thresh out their suggestions
with the Chief Executive before the
log fireplace at Warm Springs in con
ferences starting this week end.
Would Abolish "Dole."
Hopkins' plan for a Federal Work
Relief Corporation, with an appro
priation of S8.000.000.000 to $9,000.
000.000. to abolish the "dole" in favor
ol Government-made jobs and op
portunities, is said to have divided
the presidential advisers. The more
"conservative" were described as lean
ing toward reduced Federal expendi
tures, with greater emphasis on stimu
lating private business, possibly by
Government insurance of loans to
speed up the heavy industries.
Ickes. who, like Hopkins, expresses
little confidence in the ability of pri
vate industry to solve the employ
ment problem quickly, leaves tomorrow
for Warm Springs with a plan to ex
pand public works. Though he was
keeping the figure a close secret, usu
ally well-informed persons suggested 1
that $5,000,000,000 to $7,000,000,000
might be a good guess as to what he
has in mind for an immediate pro
gram.
Observers did not regard the Hop
kins and Ickes plans as a concerte»
pian fer a total appropriation of S13.
000.000,000 to S16.000.000.000. but
rather as two different approaches to
the intertwined problems of recovery
and relief. But there was no doubt
in most minds that many business
and banking leaders and other ad
vocates of a tapering-ofY process would
be found in the opposing camp.
Seek to Curb Expenditures.
Among these men, the contention Is
that if the Government shows deter
mination to apply the brakes to ex
penditures, business can go ahead
with more confidence and certainty.
On the other side, the argument is
heard that although the assistance of
business is welcome, the Government
cannot wait long for it.
The Federal Emergency Relief Ad
ministration has collected statistics
to show the number of people on re
lief of all kinds has grown from
13,338,000 in September, 1933, to
18.050.000 last September. More than
half were on direct relief—which offi
cials call the dole.
DIES IN DUCK BLIND
Charles M. Greenway, Booth
Newspaper Official, Expires.
SPRINGFIELD. 111., December 1 (JPk
—Charles M. Greenway of Grand
Rapids. Mich . an official of the Booth
newspapers, was reported today to
have died suddenly this morning while
in a duck blind on the Illinois River
near Chandlerville.
Speculation Is Aroused on
Possibility of Spanish
Dictatorship.
By the Associated Press.
ROME. December 1.—A secrpt con
ference between former King Alfonso
of Spain and his erstwhile minister of
the interior had served yesterday to
raise to fever pitch Italians' discussion
of the possibility of dictatorship In
Spain.
Antonio Goicochea, minister of the
interior under the monarchist premier,
Antonio Maura, slipped into Rome
from Barcelona by airplane Monday.
Returns Secretly.
After conferring with Alfonso at
Villa Ruflo here, he returned as se
cretly as he had come. He came and
went without the immediate kno*'
edge of the Spanish embassies to
Rome and the Holy See.
Italy's Fascists, many of whom have
expressed the feeling that dictator
ship In Spain Is the only way to avert
complete chaos, and the four groups
of Spaniards here—the exiled mon
archists. the Leftist intellectuals, the
Spanish clerics and the diplomats—
assigned considerable importance to
Goicochea's visit.
It was recalled in diplomatic circles
here that Goicochea was one Spanish
deputy always fervently loyal to the
monarchy, and It was considered prob
able he made the flying trip to get
Alfonso's approval for out-and-out
restoration of the Monarchist party in
Spain.
Reaction to Proposal I'nknown.
What would be the former ruler's
reaction to this proposal if made was
not known. A spokesman at his villa
said Goicochea wished merely to con
gratulate Alfonso on the forthcoming
marriage of his daughter, the Infanta
Beatriz. to Prince Alessandro Tor
Ionia of Italy.
Despite the King's ostensible pre
occupation with the wedding, it has
been hinted he is keeping interested
eyes on the political situation in Spain.
He has said, however, he does not
consider the time ripe for any per
sonal political gesture or declaration.
IMLAY NAMED DELEGATE
TO CRIME CONFERENCE
Parley of Attorney General Will
Be Held in Washington
December 10-13.
Charles V. Imlay. local attorney
and one of three commissioners rep
resenting the District in the National
Conference on Uniform State laws,
has been appointed as a delegate to
the Attorney General's Conference on
Crime, to be held here December 10
to 13.
Imlay was one of three men named
to represent the Uniform State Laws
organization at the crime conference.
The other two are Judge William M.
Hargest of the Superior Court, Har
risburg, Pa., and Alexander Arm
strong, attorney, of Baltimore. The
appointments were made by Judge
One L. Phillips of Denver, president
of the law organization.
FISHING LINE SINKER
TAKEN FROM LUNGS
By the Associated Press.
ATLANTA. December I.—A 2-inch
surf fishing line sinker that had been
In the lung of Lillian Johnson, 19. of
Fairfax. S. C„ eight years yesterday
was removed in 21 minutes by Dr.
Murdock Equen.
After the operation Dr. Equen re
ported Miss Johnson would recover.
She had pneumonia several times and
was in a hospital several years.
The sinker got into the lung of the
girl while she and her family were
fishing.
U. S. Woman Free of Spy Charge
In Germany Facing Expulsion
By the As^ociatrd Press. |
BERLIN, December 1.—Douglas
Jenkins, United States consul general,
was informed today by the Prussian
ministry of justice that Miss Isobel
Lillian Steele of Hollywood. Calif.,
who ho s b?en held in Moabit Prison
four months, will be expelled from
Germany because investigations had
revealed she is not "a professional
spy." '
Secretary Fresler of the Prussian
ministry of justice said the govern
ment would ask the Department of
Justice to issue the expulsion order.
Freisler revealed, however, that the
authorities regard the case of Richard
"oiderer of Chicego. who has been
prison for the last five months in
avaria, as more serious.
It was said he might be tried for
espionage, since it was alleged that
military notes were found In his
possession. The United States con
sulate is doing its utmost to spred
up the investigations into his case,
but doubt was expressed as to
whether his release could be obtained
The American consulate had been
trying for many weeks to ascertain
the exact charges against Mks Steele
and Roiderer, but without much
success.
It had been stated unofficially that
Miss Steele faced accusations involv
ing espionage. She had been study
ing music in Berlin. She was born in
Canada but had become a naturalized
citizen of the United States.
One report attributed Miss Steele's
difficulties through her acquaintance
with a man described as "an influen
tial German." This man was said to
have reported her confidences to his
Nazi superiors.
Life's Like That
BY FRED NEHER.
"OH, BOY—WAIT LL THE GIRL FRIEND SEES THIS Γ
tOaentafet. 1834.1 _
A A
- Ι
Seventh Street Christmas Lane Opens j
The third of Washington's Christmas lanes was opened yesterday afternoon when Commissioner Melvin C.
Hazen switched on the colored lights along the Seventh etreet lane. The lane is conducted under the auspices
ot the Central Seventh Street Business Men's Association Left to right: Arthur Clarendon Smith, president
of the Central Federation of Business Men's Associations: J. R. Armour. Eli Rubin Sylvan, general chairman
of the celebration; Commissioner Hazen, switching on the lights; MaJ. Ernest Brown, superintendent of police,
and Howard Sigmund. —Star Staff Photo.
ARMY-NAVY GAME
'TICKET SCALPING'
BARED AT CAPITOL
(Continued Prom First Page.)
Representative So! Bloom of New
York. "This would assure the tickets
getting into the hands of people en
titled to them without having to pay
exhorbltant prices to speculators."
Representative Bloom said his own
experiences, were as follows:
I Nearly six weeks ago I received a
letter from West Point authorities
asking how many tickets I wanted to
buy. The price was $4 40 and I sent
in my order with a check to pay for
them. Only a couple of days ago I
received a letter saying they were |
sorry but they had no more tickets.
Constituents Disappointed.
*Ί had not solicited them for tickets
They wrote and asked me how many
I wanted to buy. The game being
so close to my district I ordered a
number of tickets for my constituents
—and so advised them and they made
their plans for attending the game— '
only to learn at the last moment that
tickets I had paid for were not to be
delivered. Then I had to go out and
try to buy tickets for the constituents I
to whom I had made promises I
j found the 'scalpers' had plenty that
I they were selling at $75 a pair.
!"f llave telegraphed to Maj. Gen.
William D. Connor, superintendent of
J the Military Academy, and to Maj. L
ι D. Worsham, giaduate manager of
athletics, telling how I feel about this
matter The speculators are making
a lot of money and many persons who
had every right to expect to see the
game are disappointed.
J "I have been told by officials that
they cannot control the sale of tickets
given to the stadium company in pay
I mr-nt for the use of the playing field.
J That is absolutely a silly procedure—
I the Army Athletic Association could
have sold all uf the tickets for $4.40
or a «rest d°al more. Then why not
pay he stadium people in cash rati-.er
' n ln tickets. Of course, the sta
dium people would rather get the
tickets, which could be sold for twice
as much as the cash pavment—and
in many case3 for 10 t:mes as much.
Raps Dr laved Notification*.
"The service branches of the Gov
ernment should not thus plav into the
! hands of speculators and scalpers on
a game where there is supposed to be
i no playing for profits. Also the Army
j Athletic Association should not so
j licit orders from members of Con
| gress unless they are ready to fill the
I orders, and they ought not to wait
until the day or two before the game
ι to send notice that tickets are not to
ι be had on those orders."
! Representative Bloom declared he Is
j "going to see what can be done to
correct this situation ".
Published statements said an em
ploye of the House Post Office offered
and sold four tickets for $40 and of
! fered to get other tickets tor pros
[ pective customers. Finis Scott, the
j House postmaster, said, however he
was sure no employe of his office was
"scalping."
■ Record of Sales Kept.
Sergeant at Arms Romney said he
j is ready to carry out the instructions
I of the House in an effort to prevent
j any scalping in future. He said there
ι are comparatively few offenders.
I As for an actual check on use of
the tickets and punishment for abuse
! of the privilege, an official of the Navy
Department said a record of disposi
j tion of each seat is kept and if specu
lative practice$ become too general a
check on the users mav be made in
individual cases. The only punish
ment measure open to the academies,
however, would be to suspend from
its complimentary lists those whose
tickets are resold. In the case of offi
cers of the Army or Navy, they might
j be court-martialed for conduct unbe
I coming an officer, he explained.
MRS. BESSIE RICKER
DIES AT EMERGENCY
Widcw of Noted Engineer Had
Taken Active Interest in
Civic Affairs.
Mrs. Bessie Turner Ricker. 65.
! widow of the late George A. J.
Ricker, noted engineer, died yesterday
in Emergency Hospital and was to be
buried privately here this afternoon
after services at All Souls' Unitarian
Church.
Mrs. Ricker had made her home
with Mrs. James H. Spaulding, 1963
Biltmore street, since the death of
her husband on November 3, 1933.
She had resided in Washington for
a number of years and had taken an
j active interest in civic affairs. She
' was a past president of the Voteless
D. C. League of Women Voters and
was prominent in other women's or
ganizations here. She was a member
of the Citizens' Joint Committee on
National Representation for the Dis
trict of Columbia.
Mrs. Rtcker's husband at the time of
his death was a member of the Board
of Consulting Engineers of the Public
Works Administration and also a
member of the National Capital Park
and Planning Commission. Previously
he served as engineer in the construc
tion of the Niagara Falls Gorge Rail
way.
Mrs. Ricker was found unconscious
in her room Tuesday morning and was
removed to the hospital. An autopsy
showed she had died from an overdose
of a sleeping potion. A number of
notes were found, and the coroner ie
aued a certificate of suicide.
Vrs. Ricker to survived by a brother,
William C. Turner of Buffalo, N. 7.
$30 IN PRIZES FOR WASHINGTON
BOYS AND GIRLS.
Now is the time, boys and girls, to write your letter. "Why I know
there is a Santa Claus and why every poor child in Washington should
receive gifts this Christmas." DON'T DELAY, send It In NOW to the
Santa Claus Editor of The Star.
It will be fine to win that prize of 115 offered by The Star for the
best letter, and maybe little brother or little sister will win one of the
other awards.
Don't forget, you must not be more than 12 years old if you write
your letter.
The best letter will win a prize of $15, second prize is $10 and the
third prize is $5.
Ycur letter must be at the office of The Stir not later than mid
night of Saturday. December 15. Announcements of the winners, with
their letters, will be made one week later.
Please write on one side of the paper only, and get your letter
in early.
TYPIST IS HELD
IN TRAFFIC DEATH
Miss Jeanette Messinger
Accused in Fatality to
Taxi Driver.
Τ'Λ'λ drivers whose cars had run
down and fatally injured pedestrians
In the past week were ordered held
for the grand jury by a coroner's jury
at the District Morgue yesterday aft
ernoon.
Miss Jeanette H. Messinger. 27. of
25:?6 Seventeenth street, a typist for
the Reconstruction Finance Corpora
tion. was held as the driver of a car
which killed Wesley Luk». 23. ι taxi
cab driver, at Sixteenth and R streets
early Thursday.
Luke, with the aid cf five other ^rb
drivers, had iust pushed a stalled
ta'.ieab in to the curb and was stand
ing in the street n~ar th" latier vehicle
when struck by Miss Messinger s ma
chine.
Claims Double Parking.
The drivers testified the cab was all
the way in to the curb and Luke only
a few feet from it. On the other
hand. ML's Messinger told the Jury
the cab was double parked and her
car almost in the center of Sixteenth
street when it struck Luk». The lat
ter lived at 767 Tenth street southeast.
The cab which the drivers had b"rn
pushing was pulled from its pa: king
place when its bumper became lo: krd
in that of another machine. Th-· cab
wrs locked and its driver was not pres
ent. Three of the hackers said they
had to leap for their lives to escape
Miss Messinger's automobile.
Colored Laborer Held.
The other driver held was Acia
Brown. 25-year-old colored laborer.
1100 block of Fourth street, whose car
ran down and fatally injured Charley
Couzzola, 43. a carpenter, as the latter
was crossing Fourteenth street at
Massachusetts avenue southeast Sat
urday. Couzzola died Wednesday at
Gallinger Hospital of a crushed chest
and punctured lungs.
Witnesses testified Brown's car was
traveling at a "terrific rate" and
hurled Couzzola at least 10 feet into
the aii·. Other testimony was to the
effete that Brown had b^en drinkins
prior to the accident. The colored
man furnished a false name at first,
police said.
Courzola lived at 1443 Scuth Caro
lina avenue southeast.
I
0. S. C. OF C. ASKS
IMPROVED BUDGET
Recommends 13 Proposals.
I
Including Centralizing of
Expenditure Control.
By the Associated Press.
Sweeping reforms in the Govern- j
ment's budgetary methods will be ;
advocated by the Chamber of Com
merce of the United States.
The Chamber announced this to
day after conducting a referendum in
which Its membership approved 13 j
proposals to improve the budget sys- |
tcm.
One step recommended was ' a ;
more active centralized administrative ι
control of expenditures." This wou'.d
be obtrine-; by "broadening the execu- (
tive allotment system of funds so as
to include all expenditures, ordinary j
and emergency, and strengthening it
so as to avoid the necessity of defl
j ciency appropriations."
Askj Later Budget.
This recommendation for broader
control by the administrative branch
of the Government also suggested
that ' when feasible," expenditures be
reduced below appropriations.
Among other proposals approved
were:
That the executive budget be sub
mitted to Congress about March 1, 1
inrtead cf early January "in the be- ,
lief that est mstrs cou'd b? more ac- !
, cura e if submitted nearer the begin
ning of the fiscal year."
Tnat the President, in his budget
estimates, de-ignrte activities he
ι thinks should be discontinued.
One Proposal Fails.
That revenue estimates in the ex
ecutive budget be so expanded as to
present a complete revenue program.
That there should be a general ac
counting office directly under control
of the executive.
} Another proposal, that taxpayers be
given the right to enjoin expendi
tures which would create deficiencies,
I failed to receive the two-third major
ity necessary for approval, the
j chamber announced.
Twigs Made Into Flour.
Flour for human consumption can be
mad? from tw.gs and small branches
of trees by a process invented by Dr.
F Bcrisius. according to a report
I from Cologne. Germany.
I
Driver Held in Traffic Death
Miss Jeanette H. Messinger, 27-year-old typist, who was held for the
grand jury by a coroner's jury yesterday after Miss Mevinger's car fatally
injured a taxicab driver at Sixteenth and R street» early Thursday. She
If shown with Attorney William Ççhoflekl. —Star Stafl Photo.
à à *
HUNDREDS WRITE
ESSAYS ON SANTA
Letters Flood Star Editor,
Seeking $30 in Prizes
for Three Best.
Hundreds of letters have been pour
ing In to the Santa Claus Editor of
The Star from boys and girls who ara
competing for the $30 In prizes Th·
Star is offering for the beet essay on
the subject: ' Why I Know There I*
a Santa Claus, and Why Every Poor
Child In Washington Should Recelv·
Gifts This Christmas."
The contest closes at midnight De
cember 15, and many contestants are
very wisely getting their letter» in
early.
The Star is offering a prize of $15
for the b=st letter of not more than
150 words. For the letter which U
judged second best there is an award
of $10. and the writer of the third
best will receive $5.
Age Limit Is 12.
There is only one condition at
tached to the contest, and that is that
contestants must not be more than
12 years old.
Now is the time to get busy. There
certainly is a Santa Claus and all
the world knows he lives right on
top of the world 'way up near the
North Pole. Of course, there are some
little boys and girls who don't think
there is a Santa Claus, but that la
just all they know about it. You can
prove it to them now that you know
there is one and he will come to see
you Christmas. With the money
from your letter you can buy just lota
of toys and candy.
Address your letter to the Santa
Claus Editor at The Evening Star,
write on one side of the paper only,
remember that neatness counts in de
ciding the winners, and be sure that
you mail your letter^ In plenty of
time.
Winners will be announced on·
week after the contest closes.
A 5-Year-Old Gives Reasons.
There are many reasons that should
convince any one there is a Santa
Claus, but one reason received yes
terday by the editor should éliminât·
all further arguments.
A 5-year-old boy writes: "I am
Just a little boy and I am just turned
5 years old, so my mama is helping
m» to write my letter to tell you why
I know there is a Santa Claus. I saw
him downtown at a store last year and
he lives near the North Pole; he cornea
«s far as he can with his reindeer and
sleigh and then he takes an airplane
to Washington. We good boys and
girls don't see Senta Claus leave our
toys, for we are fast asleep. I have
cut out a Santa Claus to show you
what he looks like and I hope to see
one like him in town this year. I
think every little boy and girl in
Washington should receive gifts thie
Christmas because Santa Claus want*
all children to be happy at Christma*
time."
Film Draws Large Crowds.
The Star expedition picture, "Search
for Santa Claus." showing the first
movies ever made of Santa Claus in
his own home ? nd workshops, contin·.
ues to draw large crowds at the Met
ropolitan Theater. The film calls at
tention to The Star - Warner Bros.'
Christmas toy matinees, to bs held at
11 Warner Bras.' theaters Saturday,
December 15. A new toy or article of
clothing will be the price of admis
sion. They will be collected in the
theater lobbies and turned over to the
Council of Social Agencies, which will *
distribut" them to needy families la
Washingtrn.
Elaborate programs of entertainment
have been planned for these matinees
by the Warner Bros.' management
and. as they will include unusually fine
pictures and supplementary attrac
tions. it is b?lieved that they will be
of great interest and enjoyment to both
children and adults. All who possibly
can are urged to attend and to bring
gifts for the children of Washington
who would otherwise be neglected and
left heartbroken. To those who can
not come in person. It is suggested
that they send their gifts to the the
ater nearest their home where the
matinee is held.
Following is the full schedule of
the Christmas matinees on December
15. The hours at which the doors of
the theaters will open will be an
nounced later.
Outstanding Pictures on List.
TIVOLI—Shirley Temple in "Baby
Takes a Bow." a Laurel and Hardy
comedy." "Busy Bodies"; "The Night
Before Christmas" and "The Man on
the Flying Trapeze." a Popeye comedy.
AMBASSADOR—Jackie Cooper and
Wallace B"ery in "Treasure Island,"
"The Slianty Where Santa Clam
Lives" and "Can You Take It?" a Pop
eye comedy.
SAVOY—Joe E. Brown in "The Cir
cus Clown," "Bedtime Worries," an
Our Gang comedy; "Touchdown
Mickey." a Mickey Mouse comedy, and
"Let's You and Him Fight." a Popeye
comedy.
COLONY—Shirley Temple in "Little
Miss Marker." "Wild Poses," an Our
Gang Comedy, and "The Night Before
Christmas," a Silly Symphony.
YORK—Joe Ε Brown in "Son of a
Sailor." "Dirty Work." a Laurel and
Hardy comedy, and "Touchdown
Mickey," a Mickey Mouse comedy.
AVENUE GRAND—Shirley Temple
in "Little Miss Marker," "Dirty Work,"
a Laurel and Hardy comedy, and
"Sockabve Baby." a Popeye comedy.
snows innuur ι umrmrx.
APOLLO—Joe E. Brown in "The
Circus Clown," His Neighbor." an
Our Gang comedy, and "Mickey's
Good Deed." a Mickey Mouse comedy.
HOME—Bruce Cabot in "Midship
man Jack," His Neighbor," an Our
Gang comedy, and "The Three Little
Pigs·"
METROPOLITAN—George O'Brien
in "The Last Trail." "Oliver the
Eighth," a Laurel and Hardv comedy,
and "The Big Bad Wolf," a Silly
Symphony.
EAR LE—Charlotte Honry in "Alice
in Wonderland." and " Shanty Where
Santa Claus Lives "
AVALON — Jackie Cooper and
Wallace Beery in "Treasure Island."
"Santa's Workchop." a Silly Sym
phony, ana "Shoein' Horses." a Pop
eye comedy.
Following its showing at the Metro
politan Theater this week. The 8tar
expedition moving picture, "Search
for Santa Claus," will be shown at
the following Warner Bros, theater·:
Ambassador. December 5. β. 7: Colony.
December 7; Avalon, December ·;
Avenue Grand. December 9, 10, 11;,
Apollo, December 12, 13; Home, De
cember 14. and York, December 14.
SEEK MAN'S IDENTITY
With only the tattooed intials "M.
N. O." on his arm to assist them,
police today were attempting to iden
tify the body of a man found lylnf
on the sidewalk yesterday afternoon
in the 900 block of M street. He died
two hours later at Gallinger Hospital.
The man is about 47 years old. hae
p.'ay hali', and wore blue trouseri
and a (ray sweater.
1

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