ru. β. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Increasing cloudiness, followed by enow
or rain beginning late tonight or tomor
row; minimum temperature about 32 de
grees. Temperatures—Highest, 44, at
noon yesterday; lowest, 27, at 6:15 ajn.
today. Full report on pige A-ll.
Closing N.Y. Markets, Pages 16,17 & 18
Only 6 Shopping
Days Until Christmas
Yesterday's Circulation, 125,792
Some Return* Not Tet Received.
Entered as second class matter
post office, Washington, D. C.
WASHINGTON,' D. C., TUESDAY, DECEMBER 18, 1934—FORTY-SfX PAGES. ***
UP) Mtans Associated Prats.
SURVEY OF COSTS
OF POWER TO II. S.
Aim to Determine Whether
Rates Here and Elsewhere
Are Too High.
POWER INTEREST PLEA
, FOR TEST IS REJECTED
Answer of White House Is De
mand That Industry Carry
President Roosevelt today was con
sidering a survey of costs of electric
power being bought by the Federal
Government in the District of Colum
bla and elsewhere throughout the
country to determine if the rates are
This action from the White House
followed the administration's turning
thumbs down on a plea last night by
the power interests that governmental
policies toward the industry be put to
a quick final test in the Supreme
The answer, a demand that the in
dustry "clean house" came only a few
hours after Thomas N. McCarter, pres
ident of the Edison Electric Institute,
and a leader in the attack on the
Roosevelt plans touse such power ex
periments as the Tennessee Valley Au
thority as "yardsticks" to force down
rates, called at the White House.
He had brought with him a 5,000
word "memorial," which spoke of
"strangulation" of private enterprise
by Government competition, and sug
gested that it was better for the Gov
ernment and power interests to co
operate to preserve the "soundness of
T. V. A. Court Decision Urged.
"I respectfully urge." it said, "that
parties interested and the Govern
ment unite in taking such proceedings
as will bring about a decision of the
highest court in the land upon the
question (the constitutionality of T.
V. A.) at the earliest possible mo
That was late yesterday. Forthwith
President Roosevelt turned the memo
rial over to Frank R. McNinch, chair
man of the Federal Power Commis
iion. The electricity consumption at
the commission's office leaped as Mc
Ninch and his aides worked into the
night preparing the answer, recognized
as the official one of the administra
tion. « ^
"In all the history of the American
people," it said, "no parallel for such
a proposal can be found. * · * The
call is not for the Government to
halt, but for the industry to catch step
and move forward along progressive
"The Edison Electric Institute has,
of course," it continued, "a legal right
to promote litigation to test the act
creating the Tennessee Valley Author
ity or any other statute, but it will
make no substantial progress toward
placing the industry on a sound and
permanent basis until it cleans its own
house, reduces excessive rates to con
sumers and eliminates the malprac
tices and abuses which are responsible
ior its present condition."
Would Involve AH Activities.
The survey the President has in
Blind would apply principally to navy
yards and large plants such as the
Bureau of Engraving and the Gov
ernment Printing Office in this city.
Of course, the President's idea is to
extend this survey to all activities
tinder Federal control.
President Roosevelt's plan in this
respect was learned at the White
House today following the announce
ment in New York City yesterday that
Morris P. Davidson, commissioner of
vater supply, gas and electricity of
(Continued on Page 4, Column 7.)
DESPONDENT, A SUICIDE
By the Associated Press.
HARTFORD, Conn., December
18.—The hand that held the baton
for orchestras in Europe and Amer
ica has turned upon Christian Kriens.
The 54-year-old composer-con
ductor-violinist shot himself at his
home last night. Police attributed
hie suicide to despondency after the
failure of a radio station to renew
bis contract as musical director and to
his subsequent Inability to make a
satisfactory musical connection in
Kriens, a native of Dresden, Ger
many, came to America in 1901 and,
•mong other engagements, conducted
French opera at New Orleans and
played with the first violin choirs of
leading orchestras In Philadelphia
end New York. He was a conductor
*t Amsterdam in 1926.
Admiral Coontz "Resting."
BREMERTON, Wash. December 18
(/P).—Admiral Robert E. Coontz, re
tired, was reported "resting comfort
ably" early today at the Puget Sound
Navy Yard Hospital, where he was
taken after suffering a critical heart
ettack last Thursday. His condition
remained serious, attendants said.
City Heads Approve Modified
Parking Ban for Two Months
32 Arteries to Be Affected Between 2
and 8 A,M. During January and
February to Aid Snoiv Removal.
Somewhat modified in scope, the
night-time ban on parking of auto
mobiles on a long list of major thor
oughfares will be put into effect early
in January under a decision reached
this morning by the District Commis
The ban will apply to 32 traffic
arteries over a stretch of something
more than 50 miles, from 2 a.m. to
8 a.m. during January and February.
The main objective of the plan is to
have the streets free of automobiles
during periods of heavy snowfall ao
that District forces will have the full
est opportunity to remove snow to
prevent bad traffic tie-ups such as
have occurred in past Winters.
The ban will be put into effect over
the protest of Commissioner George E.
Allen, who has declared he believed
it would work an undue hardship on
hundreds of automobile owners for
the amount of good accomplished.
Commissioner Melvin C. Hazen, how
ever. believes the ban In the Interest
of the greatest number of residents.
The action was decided upon at a
brief conference between the three
Commissioners at the Capitol this
morning before they went into ths
hearing on the 1936 budget. Lieut.
Col. Dan I. Sultan. Engineer Commis
sioner, sided with Commissioner
The plan originally was proposed
by the Traffic Advisory Council, which
proposed that the ban be applied to
58.3 miles along 33 traffic arteries.
The original plan was to make the
plan effective from December 15 to
March 1 from 2 a.m. to 9:30 a.m.
The Commissioners will Issue their
formal order in the next day or so.
As agreed to this morning one of the
(Continued on Page 5, Column 7.)
Pounds Through Heavy Seas
to Join Tanker at Side
By the Associated Press.
, NEW YORK, December 18.—The
crack liner Europa pounded her way
through heavy North Atlantic seas
today to the aid of the small Nor
wegian freighter Sisto, with a crew
of 30 aboard, which was wallowing
helplessly in mountainous seas, her
bridge, rudder and lifeboats washed
The tanker Mobiloil already was
at the side of the stricken freighter,
which came to grief approximately
660 miles north of the Azores in the
same vicinity where two other ships
had encountered difficulty and sent
out distress calls during the last few
Pumps" Oil Supply Low.
The Mobiloil pumped oil on the
sea all night in an attempt to calm
the waters sufficiently to effect a
rescue, but this morning her oil wu
running low and she broadcast a
message asking how soon a ship with
oil could arrive.
The liner President Harding, which
picked up and relayed the appeal
for oil, said a hurricane had blown
all night, but was abating somewhat
this morning. At that time the tanker
had been unable to "do anything as
The messaee from the EuroDa.
signed by her master, Oskar Scharf.
did not indicate when the giant liner
would reach the Sisto. It was as
sumed here that Scharf had reduced
the speed of his ship because of the
"Will not arrive New York before
Saturday noon," the Europa's mes
sage said. "Weather very bad. Hur
ricane force. Storms from west.
Going to assistance S. S. Sisto, 140
The message from the Mobiloil said
the crew of the stricken ship wished to
be taken off, and added, "Understand
no immediate danger."
Other Vessels Rescued.
In the same vicinity in the North
Atlantic, the Japanese freighter Vic
toria Maru was lashed In a storm and
her bridge was carried away. Her cap
tain and chief officer were killed and
seven of her crew were Injured. With
the aid of other ships she managed to
A few days later the British freighter
Usworth sent out an SOS and
rescue ships found her decks awash
and a gaping hole In her side. The
Belgian lirjer, Jean Jadot, and the
Cunard-White Star liner. Ascania,
both sent boats to take off the Us
worth's crew. One of the Jadot's boats
capsized, drowning two of her own
men and 13 of the Usworth's. Two
more of the Usworth's crew were
drowned in trying to reach a boat
from the Ascania. The remaining 11
were taken aboard rescue ships.
STORM ONE OF WORST
Officers of AUunla Describe Experi
ence at Sea.
LONDON, December 18 G4>).—One
of the worst storms they ever had ex
perienced was described by officers
and members of the crew of the liner
Alaunia when the vessel arrived from
New York today at Tilbury, 24 hours
A great gale buffeted the liner for
three days, they related. Passengers
were kept below decks the entire time.
The same fierce gale whipped the
English Channel throughout last
night. Several sailing barges reported
themselves in distress and appealed
for assistance from shore. There
were no casualties, however.
Rumanian Parliament Split
By Controversy Over Lupescu
(Copyright. 1P34 by the Associated Press.)
VIENNA. December 18.—Rumania's
red-headed apple of discord—King
Carol's friend. Magda Lupescu—be
came the most burning topic of dis
cussion in that country's Parliament
Speeches involving her, however,
were strictly suppressed in Bucharest,
although some foreign legations have
been receiving stenographic reports of
them from Rumanian informants.
A speech which Juliu Maniu, leader
of the Peasant party, planned to de
liver against Mme. Lupescu in the
Chamber of Deputies was called off
after a conference of the national
Peasant party leaders. When Maniu
sent newspapers a digest of what he
had intended to say, its publication
was forbidden by the censor.
Maniu's summary showed he In
tended a tirade, mainly m recapitula
tion of events surrounding Carol's
sudden return from Paris and seizure
ol the throne in 1930.
Maniu's action provoked a sharp
counter-attack in the Senate on the
part of former Premier Nikolai Jorga,
who, without mentioning Mme. Lu·
pescu by name, excoriated Manlu for
"dabbling in gossip unworthy of
statesmen and characteristic of
knaves and servants."
He said the Nation owed gratitude
to the dynasty, and if sometimes the
King sinned, it was because he was
"Those who do not sin." he added,
"usually do not because they are not
Leaders Receive With Mixed
Opinion Plan for Net
work of Agencies.
By tht Associated Press.
WHITE SULPHUR SPRINGS. W.
Va., December 18.—American indus
;rial leaders, meeting to promote co
operation with the administration, re
ceived today with mixed opinions the
plan for a Nation-wide network of
Federal lending agencies.
Some members privately expressed
doubt of the practicability of the plan,
recommended to Secretary Morgen
thau yesterday by special Treasury De
partment investigators. They declined
to be quoted, however, explaining that
the meeting itself may take up the
There was informal comment that
Individual banks should become more
active immediately in lending money,
with opinion divided as to whether
there should be a cessation of Govern
Determination was evinced by the
90 business executives, meeting as the
"Joint business conference for re
covery." to end what is regarded as
a period of exile from Government
One basic principle—that there
ihould be a continuing committee to
represent all business—underlay the
study for a permanent liaison in the
Capital among various business organ
ization, which could voice effectively
the views of commerce before the ad
ministration and Congress.
The executives were careful to avoid
the Implication they are setting up a
lobbying organization. They explained
the theory behind the idea of the
liaison is simply that business has
failed to present its views adequately,
and that its efforts in the administra
tion have been so diffused as to be
C. B. Ames, president of the Texas
Co. and chairman of what he describes
as the "epochal" conference, admitted
past divergence of business opinion
has weakened the cases of those who
have opposed administration proposals
and that only unanimity can give busi
ness legitimate authority.
YULE GIFT 20 YEARS
Domestic Sentenced for Hammer
Slaying of Employer.
NEW YORK, December 18 <JP).—A
52-year-old domestic, Mrs. Katherine
Phelan, was sentenced today to serve
a 20-year-to-life prison term for the
hammer slaying of her employer,
Douglas Sheridan. 69, a broker.
"Thank you for the Christmas pres
ent, your honor," said Mrs. Phelan
when General Sessions Judge Cor
nelius P. Collins told her the law
compelled him to give her the sentence.
A Shopping Guide
A recent questionnaire sent
by a Washington department
store brought 2,682 replies
from its charge account cus
tomers, indicating in which
daily newspapers they read
the advertisements as a
Among the homes making
these replies, 2,233 or 83%
read the advertisements in
The Evening Star as a shop
ping guide. The second after
noon paper. was read as a
shopping guide in 489 or 18%
and the third afternoon
paper in 349 or 13% of these
The Evening Star. 48,988
2nd Newspaper. 20,129
3rd Newspaper. « 19,508
4th Newspaper..(., 6,723
5th Newspaper •β·!·»
Total ( Ntw«p*Mr« ) 52,072
By using The Star as their
outstanding advertising me
dium, Washington merchants
present to readers of The Star
the best and most varied
items of attractive merchan
dise to be found In the local
OFFICIALS FO KEEP
Commissioner Alarmed at
Mounting Toll of Traffic
BROWN AND VAN DUZER
CALLED FOR CONFERENCE
Taxi Drivers Involved in Acci
dents May Have Permits
Police and traffic officials will confer
with District Commissioner Melvln C.
Hazen tomorrow morning on Intensive
efforts to devise means of keeping
death off the highways of Wash
Alarmed at the mounting toll of
traffic fatalities, the conference has
been called by Commissioner Hazen.
Traffic Director William A. Van Durer,
Supt. of Police Maj. Ernest W. Brown
and Police Traffic Inspector Lamb
have been Invited to attend.
Several suggestions which may lead
to more rigid enforcement of traffic
regulations already have been broached
by those interested in the problem.
These, among others, will be consid
Suggests "Vigilance Squad."
Foremost among them Is the sug
gestion of Commissioner Hazen that
a "vigilance squad" of motor cycle
patrolmen be detailed to keep special
watch on main traffic arteries. In
groups of four or more, such a squad
would spread a "net" over a single
main street, the identity of which
would not be announced In advance.
During such a period a wholesale
checking up on such offenses as speed
ing, reckless driving, failure to give
right of way, weaving in and out of
line, stopping or turning without
signal and running over crosswalks
would be made. Offenders would be
given either summonses or warnings,
depending upon the degree of their
Taxicab drivers involved in acci
dents after the first of the year and
who have unfavorable records will
have their operator's permits imme
diately suspended, followed by recom
mendations to the District Commis
sioners that they be revoked alto
gether, It was announced today by M.
O. Eldridge, assistant director of traffic
and a member of the Hackers' Re
Records show that taxicab# have
been involved in a great many of the
accidents reported, although few of
them have been in accidenta resulting
in fatalities, Eldridge said.
Would Test Car».
. Another suggestion is advanced by
Traffic Director Van Duzer, who pro
poses to get at one of the roots of
the trouble by driving "non-usable"
automobiles off the streets. This
could be accomplished, he said, by
compulsory examination of cars at
least twice a year to determine whether
brakes, lights and other safety equip
ment are in operating order.
As one of the little used weapons of
enforcement, the Corporation Coun
sel's office informed the Commissioners
todi.y that the District traffic act car
ries police authority to impound cars
improperly parked. Improper park
ing has been declared the cause of
many of the recent accidents and Dis
trict officials revealed that impound
ment procedure has been under con
Mt. A*k Urn
In addition to more rigid ^enforce
ment of present regulations. Commis
sioner Hazen declared today that addi
tional legislation may be asked of
Congress in the form of financial re
sponsibility requirements for car
owners and taxi cab operators. Such
a law failed of passage last year but
conditions at present may Improve Its
chances, it was said.
Hazen also has Instructed Van Duzer
to prepare a report on a study of the
causes of Individual traffic accidents
of serious nature. He believes that this
will give a guide to immediate causes
of accidents, but he is convinced the
general public attitude toward obedi
ence to traffic rules is a main factor
Coincident with these proposals,
two automobile clube, the Keystone
and the Α. Α. Α., announced recom
mendations designed to bring greater
traffic safety. Increased utilization
of automobile traffic direction equip
ment was suggested by the first or
ganization. while the second pro
posed a vigorous Congressional drive
(Continued on Page 4, Column 1.)
MOSLEY IS ACQUITTED
OF RIOTOUS ASSEMBLY
Judge Agrees "No Case" for
Crown Established During
By the Associated Près».
LEWES, England, December 18.—
Sir Oswald Mosley, ardent leader of
British Fascism, and three followers
were acquitted today of charge* of
The Judge agreed with the conten
tion that "no case" had been made
and directed the jury to And all four
not guilty in a suit based on a dis
order at a Fascist meeting October 9.
One witness testified he saw Mosley.
strike a man on the Jaw and yell to
the crowd. "You haven't the guts to
stand up to us." The witness admit
ted he attended the meeting to dis
tribute anti-Fascist propaganda.
Guide for Readers
Lost and Found A-ll
Serial Story B-12
Service Orders A-7
Short Story B-8
' The Republican^
AT THIS TIME,
, MISTE.R. BORAMJX
Roosevelt Seeks Remodeling
Library of Congress Exterior
David Lynn Asked by President to Con
sider Removal of Dome to Effect
BY JAMES WALDO FAWCETT.
President Roosevelt has suggested
a comprehensive plan for remodeling
of the exterior of the Library of Con
gress. No definite statement has been
issued concerning the matter, but it
is known that the Chief Executive
has requested David Lynn, architect
of the Capitol, to take the subject
The project is -intended to bring
the Library structure into architec
tural harmony with its environment
—the Capitol, the new Supreme Court
Building, the Folger Shakespeare
Library, the Senate and House office
buildings and the Library annex now
It is indicated Mr. Roosevelt be
lieve» the entire edifice should be re
faced and the dome removed. The
latter, the President thinks, Is "out
of tune" with the Capitol dome and,
therefore, should be eliminated. His
attitude is supported by professional
critics who for years have Insisted
that the modified Italian Renaissance
style of the Library contradicts the :
Classic style of other monumental !
structures in Washington. The carved ;
exterior decorations, these objectors ]
have argued, are "ginger bread."
Approximately $1,000,000 would be
required to meet the expenses of the
work, but several members of Con
gress, It is said, are ready to introduce
legislation to make the money avail
The library Is 470 feet long by 340
(Continued on Page 3, Column 2.)
LONG IS DEFEATED
ON SCHOOL RULE
Fiery Attack Forces Change
in Bill for Teacher
By the Associated Press. 1
BATON ROUGE, La., December
18.—Senator Huey P. Long today
abandoned legislative objectives that
would have placed the hiring of 15.000
school teachers under his control, as
fiery opposition denunciation of that
and other "kingfish" bills was voiced
by Representative G. W. Lester of
Lester denounced the Senator as a
"modern Nero" and a "political mad
man" and the legislators "putty-faced
stooges" for yielding to his dictates.
Pink-shirted and grinning, on the
House Speaker's dais, Long heard
the excorciation in silence.
Verbal Duel Halted.
A group of Long' administrâtionists
tried to challenge Lester, but after the
anti-Long law-maker engaged in a
verbal duel with Representative I. W.
Sharp. Long's floor leader stopped
other administrationistc from speak
Despite Lester's Philippic, the bill
passed as drawn 61 to 28, but with
a promise from the administration
forces to amend it in the Senate to
meet Lester's objections.
'We. as legislators, are called upon
to take from the people the last
vestige of tehir local political rights
as guaranteed by the Federal and
State Constitutions," Lester shouted
to the House.
"Those bulwarks of our Democratic
Government, the courts, the law en
forcement offices, and now the school»
are to be surrendered to a viciously
autocratic and tyrannical administra
tion for the selfish gain and political
preferment of the faithful."
Begin Passing Bill.
The House began passing the Sena
tor's 33 dictator bills today at
A bill, taking away occupational
license tax collection from the New
Orleans tax collector and placing it
under the State supervisor of public
accounts, was passed, 56 to 25. the
oppositionists mustering a relatively
sizeable contrary vote.
There were a few antagonistic
queries from New Orleans anti-Long
old regular legislators when Long's
bill to give him authority to appoint
two license tax collectors in New Or
leans tax collector's office wae under
Long arrived on the floor at 10:30
a.m. to find too many Representatives
asking questions about the measures
to please him.
He at once began circulating among
his followers and the questions, which
were principally for Information, sub
One bill, passed without opposition,
removes the State liquor tax from
Former Pastor Convicted.
SAN ANTONIO, Tex., December
18 (IP).—W. D. Welburn, Jr., former
pastor of the Government Hill Metho
dist Church here, was convicted of
perjury by a Jury reporting In Dis
trict Court this morning. The Jury
assessed his punishment at seven years
In the State penitentiary.
WAR ON NUMBERS
Rev. Stockdale Says Game
Is Insidious Form of
Rev. Allen A. Stockdale, pastor of
the First Congregational Church, be
lieves that one of the most Insidious
forms of gambling is exemplified in
the numbers game. Dr. Stockdale
is heartily in sympathy with The Star,
the Post, the Herald and the Times
in their refusal to print the winning
numbers, as totaled from race track
"Witii the four radio stations and
the newspapers banded together to
suppress information of value only
to the gamblers." said Dr. Stockdale.
"tiiis game may be effectively curbed
until such time as laws are amended
or strengthened to help police and
prosecutors wipe it out."
"The numbers game is an evil in
fluence," Dr. Stockdale said, "because
it puts temptation in the path of
young boys, teaching them a bitter
philosopm·. Public opinion should
be aroused against the game. The
Star is doing this admirably. There
is a difference between arousing pub
lic opinion and wooing it. When once
public opinion is properly awakened
the numbers game will go out."
MISS GOW REPORTED
ON WAY TO AMERICA
May Be Traveling Under Name of
"Taylor" in Coming Here for
Br the Associated Press.
LONDON, December 18.—Rumors
that Betty Gow, former Lindbergh
nurse, was headed for the United
States as a witness in the murder trial
of Bruno Richard Hauptmann, caused
a widespread check today as to where
Miss Gow might be.
The rumors said she was on the
Anchor liner Caledonia and on the
S. S. Aquitania, both of which are
headed for New York. The rumor
regarding the latter ship, however,
was pretty well dissipated when its
purser answered "not on board" to a
The mystery was all the deeper be
cause the former nurse has, for
months past, avoided the public gen
erally at her home in Glasgow.
The local offices of the Anchor Line
confirmed a report that a woman who
booked passage under the name "Viv
ien M. Taylor" sailed on the Caledonia
from Glasgow December 12. The ship
is due In New York December 20.
Miss Gow's mother's name Is Taylor.
There was another rumor at South
ampton that Mise Gow had boarded
the Aquitania there sailing for New
York this morning under the name of
Taylor. This rumor was not confirmed,
Mrs. Walter Camp Dies.
NEW HAVEN. Conn., December 18
OP).—Mrs. Walter Camp, widow of
Yale's famous foot ball authority, died
today after an illneu of tome length.
JAPANESE TO ASK
NEW PARLEY DATE
Aim Officially Said to Be
for Further Talks.
Br the Associated Press.
ΤΟΚΙΟ, December 18.—Japan's de
sire lor a definite date for resumption
of the present preliminary naval :
treaty conversations in London will
be presented to the British govern- !
ment tomorrow, in accordance with j
instruction· from the Japanese gov
ernment to its London envoy.
Foreign Minister Hirota cabled Am
bassador Tsuneo Matsudaira tonight
to order that the Japanese hope for
resumption of the parleys be included
in the communique, in which the Lon
don Conference will announce its ad
It was officially explained that the
Japanese desire to fix a date for re
sumption of the conference, probably
in March, is to permit the Tokio
government to prepare adequately for
further talks and possibly give Ad
miral Yamamoto a chance to return
to Tokio, report and receive further
instructions before he goes back to
However, it is known that the Jap
anese government is «Lnxious to have
the United States and Great Britain
committed to writing on such resump
tion prior to the Japanese govern
ment's abrogation of the Washington
naval treaty of 1922, believing that
such action would prevent the United
States from charging that the abro
gation destroyed the preliminary naval
talks, as well as the prospects for &
1935 naval conference.
Although Premier Keisuke Okada.
Admiral Mineo Osumi. minister of
the navy, and Hirota conferred
lengthily yesterday and today con
cerning the so-called Chatfield-Yama
moto compromise suggestions made at
London, a source close to the govern
ment said an agreement had not been
reached, and further consultations
were necessary before the delegates
were instructed concerning future ac
Fuehrer Directs New Purge at
Storm Troops—600 Are
By the Associated Press.
BERLIN. December 18—The sud
den cancellation of leaves of a number
of secret police indicated today
that Adolf Hitler's moral clean-up
would be extended throughout Ger
Many police who were here on vaca
tions hurried back to their home towns
to receive orders, as yet undisclosed.
Raids in Berlin and its suburbs upon
bars and pubUc baths have netted 600
arrests. Hitler's latest "purge" is di
rected chiefly at ranks of his Storm
Many of the raided beths, some in
exclusive sections, police said, were
centers of abnormality. Open rumors
assert perverts have been attracted to
Storm Troop ranks and this was offi
cially announced as a reason for Hit
ler's bloody purge of last June, in
which scores were summarily shot.
There were indications that the
"moral scourge" will have a far-reach
ing political effect.
Some of the 600 persons thus far
arrested have been given jail sen
tences. Three of the raided resorts
BEL OMITS PlEA
FOR ACQUinAL AS
Defense Claims "Great
Change" ir Accused—Asks
Jury to Forgive.
STATE ASKS CONVICTiON
AFTER REVIEWING TRIAL
Partial Insanity Not Sufficient to
Release Prisoner, Judge
By t Staff Correspondent of The Star.
FREDERICKSBURG. Va , Decem
ber 18.—"The Edward C. Bell we
knew is gone, although his living body
sits before you."
This defense plea was advanced
today by Defense Counsel W. W. Butz
ner to a jury ready to receive the
Commonwealth's case against Bell,
60-year-old civic leader, charged with
six poison attempts on the life of his
The case Is expected to reach the
jury by 3 p.m.
Bell showed signs of emotion for
the flrst time when Butzner described
him as a man whoee new personality
rendered him a stranger in a com
munity he once led in business,
church and civic affairs.
No mention of acquittal for Bell
was made in Butzner's clœmg argu
Speaking after Acting Common
wealth's Attorney Albert V. Bryan had
asked for conviction of the defendant,
Butzner pointed out what he said were
weaknesses in the chain of circum
stantial evidence against the accused,
but he did not ask for acquittal.
Concluding his address, the flrst of
three by defense counsel, Butzner said
of Bell. ' Forgive him, he knew not
what he did."
The jury earlier had been In
structed by Judge Frederick Coleman
to acquit the defendant if it believed
that at the time of the alleged act he
was insane and not responsible.
Another instruction said, however,
that partial insanity would not be
sufficient to release from responsibility
If the defendant was able to realize
the nature and consequences of his
act or was able to restrain himself
had he so willed.
If the jury should agree on a verdict
of acqultal in the belief the defendant
committed the crimes with which he
is charged, but was not responsible
because of a diseased mind, the ver
dict must specifically state that the
accused is not guilty because of in
sanity. the court instructed.
The court in its instructions told
the jury it could convict on one to
six of the 12 counts in the indictment
and could fix the punishment at from
three to 18 years on each.
Four and a half hours had been
allotted for argument with Bryan
opening for the Commonwealth.
State Makes Plea.
Bryan began by declaring the prose
cution would not attempt to convict
unless there was guilt beyond a rea
"The commonwealth feels that each
and every count in the indictment
before you has been proved," Bryan
"We started off with testimony of
those-two stalwarts. Miss Ruth Hill
and Mrs. Viola Jones, the nurses
whose vigilance saved the life of their
patient, Mrs. Bell.
"We find Mrs. Bell suffering from
slow poisoning and .ve find the ac
cused fiendishly asking as to his vic
tim's health. Day by day he asked
if his wife could get out of her bed.
"Imagine this situation:
"Two nurses in attendance upon an
invalid who was being systematically
poisoned by a person almost above
suspicion. What could they do? The
poison attempts were cunning and
(Continued on Page 3, Column 2.)
IN KIDNAPING, SEEN
Minneapolis Police Cars Mobilized
in Hunt After Report He
Was Sighted. \
Br the Associated Près».
MINNEAPOLIS, December 18 —
Thomas H. Robinson, sought by the
Department of Justice as the kidnaper
of Mrs. Olive Stoll of Louisville. Ky.
was reported seen here today and all
police radio cars were warned to watch
for the fugitive.
Police said a man believed to be
Robinson had been seen driving an
automobile with Iowa license plates
on the outskirts of the Loop. The
automobile was rented yesterday at
Moline. 111., by a person garbed in
Duck Hunters Lose Battle
Against Ice in Delaware Bay
By the Associât?d Press.
CAPE MAY, N. J., December 18.—
Two hunters who scrambled from
one ice cake to another, gaining mo
mentary safety after their skiff was
crushed by grinding Ice floes, were
lost today in the icy waters of Dela
For three hours they leaped for
their lives yesterday, while Coast
Guard boats and a seaplane tried in
vain to reach them, only to be tossed
at last to death.
The men, unidentified a* their
bodies were lost in the ice, were
almost within reach of the cruiser
from which they had set out in the
skiff, when their desperate struggle
Fred M. Pepper of Reeds Beach,
who watched from shore and sum
moned Coast Guardsmen, said he
saw the cruiser leave Dennis Creek
and anchor «bout a mile from shore
after forcing its way through drift ice.
"They apparently were duck hunt
ers," he said. "They wore heavy
clothes and boots and put guns into
their small boat."
Police tried to put out to the rescue
in skiffs, but the grinding ice made
this impossible. A seaplane arrived
half an hour later and circled low in
an attempt to reach the marooned
Two Coast Guard patrol boats
rushed up the bay from Cape May,
directed to the spot by the plane.
Whan they arrived the men had dis
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