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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 19, 1934, Image 10

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tTHE EVENING STAR
t Willi Sands? Morning Edition.
WASHINGTON, D. C.
"Wednesday. . .December 19, 1934
THEODORE W. NOTES..Editor
The Evening Star Newspaper Company
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are also reserved.
Bonus Demands.
Even before the convening of the
new Congress the soldiers' bonus lines
are tightening. The very fact that
administration leaders, like Senator
Harrison of Mississippi, are talking of
compromise brings home the thought
that President Roosevelt may find it
impossible longer to halt the cash pay
ment of the veterans' adjusted service
certificates, although payment Is not
due until 1945. The Harrison com
promise—the payment of the cash
bonus to veterans who are in need—
has so far been rejected by the vet
erans' bloc. Nevertheless, the Vet
erans' Administration is making a
eurvey to ascertain how many veterans
are in need today.
Failure on the part of the Govern
ment to balance Its bi*dget, or to halt
huge expenditures for many kinds of
so-called recovery activities, or to
make any serious effort along these
lines, has provided a potent argu
ment for the supporters of Immediate
cash payment of the bonus. Why
should not the veterans be paid a
debt that Is owed them, they ask, if
this spending on a huge scale is
to continue?
This line of argument disregards, it
Is true, the fact that the Government
Is deeply in debt and to pay out an
additional $2,000,000,000 at this time
would put a further serious strain on
Government credit. Nor does it take
Into consideration the fact that the
Government does not today owe the
veterans the face value of their ad
justed service certificates, nor will it
owe them that amount unyi 1945.
When the bonus law was written the
veterans were given a dollar a day for
service in this country and a dollar
and a quarter a day for aervice
abroad. Since this bonus was not to
be paid for twenty years,· Congress pro
vided for the payment of compound
Interest on the amounts actually due
the veterans at the rate of adjusted
compensation. But when the certifi
cates were Issued their face value in
cluded both principal and interest for
twenty years.
Now, ten years before the payment
of the face value of these certificates
becomes due, It is proposed to go ahead
and settle up. In justice to the Gov
ernment and the people generally, who
must pay this bonus, a compromise
could well be effected, if payment Is
now insisted upon, which would give
to the veterans the principal sum plus
compound interest for ten years in
ttead of twenty. This would materially
reduce the value of the certificates. It
probably would result in the retention
of their certificates by many of the
veterans who might prefer to cash in
for the full value in 1945 rather than
take a considerably less amount to
day. The veterans' bloc is demanding
not only the payment of the full face
value, including the interest up to
J945, but also the remission of Interest
owed by the veterans who have bor
rowed more than $1,600,000,000 on
, their bonus certificates from the Gov
ernment already and $60,000,000 more
from the banks.
mere is a scnooi oi tnougnt on tne
bonus question which holds that It |
Would be better for the Government to
go ahead and pay the bonus without
delay, materially Injuring the credit of
the Government If necessary, In order
to bring the powers that be to a
speedier realization that the present
orgy of spending for many kinds of
projects must come to an end or the
Government and the people will face
bankruptcy. That, however, appears
to be a suicidal thought.
Snow is expected around Christmas,
the same as Santa Claus. The snow I
aeldom proves to be a myth.
Diplomatic Conclave.
With world affairs nearly every
where, despite surface calm, In a
state of uncertainty and unrest, it Is
fitting and useful that the end of
the year finds President Roosevelt and
Secretary Hull In personal contact at
Washington with so many of our Am
bassadors and Ministers accredited to
foreign countries. In most cases they
are home on holiday leave; others no
doubt have come at this time in re
sponse to State Department summons.
.In any event, the simultaneous pres
ence of an unusually large group of
our envoys is an Interesting coinci
dence from the standpoint of those
charged with responsibility for con
duct of America's foreign relations; it
Is a timely and valuable opportunity
for an all-around check-up on the
turbulent international situation. ,
Among the Ambassadors already
here, or due shortly to arrive, are
Messrs. Long from Rome, Bullitt from
Moscow, Bingham from London, Dodd
from Berlin, Gibson from Rio de
Janeiro, WeddeU from Buenos Aires
and Sevier from Santiago. Minister
Johnson has been back from Peiping for
Mveral weeks. Minis ter^nmett arrives
from hie poet in The Hague at the
outset of our reciprocal tariff negotia
tion» with The Netherlands. Minister
Wilson, freih from Geneva, will report
on the latest developments at the
League of Nations, Including the out
look for disarmament and for a con
vention covering the traffic In arms.
Not in a long time have the higher
authorities In Washington been en
abled to hold with our foreign repre
sentatives so comprehensive a round
table on the state of the world. From
the Incalculable Par East, from trou
bled Europe, from war-ridden South
America, In all of which quarters
fundamental International Issues are
now at stake—Uncle Sam's spokesmen
are reporting to headquarter* at a
psychological moment. Face-to-face
contacts of the sort thus made possible
provide the President and his aides in
foreign affairs with more lucid and
thoroughgoing Information than whole
portfolios of formal diplomatic dis
patches could convey.
Whether the envoys have converged
upon Washington by accident or de
sign, their visits are welcome and
wholesome and are certain to add to
the administration's store of knowl
edge at an hour when It was never
more desirable for the United States
to know exactly what is going on In
certain strategic regions beyond our
shores. Such a meeting of minds
makes for a consistent and enlight
ened foreign policy.
The Ice Is Broken.
The Commissioners have cautiously
broken the ice on the overnight perk
ing question, for they have taken the
first step In its elimination. They
have connected It directly, however,
with snow removal on certain heavily
traveled streets and have limited the
ben to two months. Their decision
is plainly experimental. If snow re
moval is facilitated on these streets
this Winter where overnight parking
is prohibited there Is reasonable like
lihood that next Winter more streets
will be Included. Ii the effort toward
facilitating snow removal by this
method is fruitless, the Commissioners
will be back where they started.
But It is only a question of time
before the Commissioners will be
forced by congestion at the curbs to
deal with overnight parking on its
own mérita. Their problem now is
complicated by the fact that continued
toleration of all-night parking has
given the automobile owner a certain
unquestioned right to leave his car
where he wants to leave It, and this
rifrht cannot be taken away from him
without due warning. Continued use
of the streets for overnight parking
has, at the same time, discouraged
garage construction and there is a
shortage of available storage space.
In 1930 the Automobile Parking
Committee of Washington, under
chairmanship of Col. Orant, engagea
the services of λ consultant and util
ized the staff of the National Capital
Park and Planning Commission in a
thorough investigation Of Washing,
ton's parking problem. The report
of this undertaking, which dealt
chiefly with the downtown area,
pointed to the shortage of garage
space In Washington compared with
other cities; a shortage aggravated by
the unusually large number of auto
mobiles In the District. But one of
it* chief recommendations wae that
"within a period of two years, all
night parking at any place In the city
should be abolished." The report
pointed out that "It is recognised that
an immediate enforcement of a pro
hibition against all-night parking
would work undue hardship. It is
recommended, however, that In the
program of parking and traffic relief
it be Indicated that at the expiration
of two years' time it will be the pur
pose to vigorously enforce regulations
against this practice."
But no Board of Commissioners has
ever been willing to serve such notice.
Thousands would be affected, and
protest would be long and loud. But
until such a step is taken the streets
will continue to be used in lieu of
garage space, and garage space will
not be provided because the streets
can be used. There is a saturation
point in overnight parking, however,
and it does not seem far away.
Charges of conspiracy to evade in
come taxes in Louisiana should give
Huey Long an opportunity to make
some new spectacular speeches.
Remodeling the Library.
President Roosevelt's suggestion for
the remodeling of the Library of Con
gress is Interesting and probably will
be the source of widespread discussion.
But It may be hoped that the matter
will be given thoughtful considera
tion and that no hasty decision will be
reached.
The library Is out of character with
Its surroundings, and its variation
from the standard architectural mode
of Capitol Hill will be even more strik
ingly manifest when the new annex
has been completed. An island of
renaissance in a sea of classical de
sign, It is, in sober truth, a contra
diction. Many professional critics and
a still larger number of lay visitors
have been saying as much for years,
and the Chief Executive's proposal,
therefore, is neither new nor novel.
But there also Is a large public
which admires the Library as it is and
would resent any unwise tampering
with its form and lines. The reading
room, they believe, needs the dome and
lantern and would appear to have been
mutilated were these features removed.
As for the exterior, Its Iconographie
symbolism may not be perfect, but
arbitrary amendment might serve only
to confuse still further the admitted
confusion which already exists.
Perhaps, as the President himself
has Indicated, the subject had best be
left to David Lynn, architect of the
Capitol, to study and decide. The re
sponsibility Is his, and he Is compe
tent to deal with it. By nature con
servative and by training amply ex
perienced, his judgment could be re
lied upon.
Meanwhile, the people may exercise
the privilege of tbe$ citlsenahlp and
express their opinion. The Library, It
should be remembered, belongs to Con
gre», and the Joint Committee on the
Library, obviously, will wish to consult
and to be consulted.
Perhaps the final verdict will favor
some altérations. If bo, they should
be undertaken with caution and pur
sued with deference. Too many great
buildings have been spoiled by reno
vators to risk adding to the list.
Change for the sake of change in such
cases very properly has been con
demned as sacrilegious and imperti
nent.
Bad Legislative Procedure.
Budget hearings being secret, there
is little Information to be had on the
reported recommendation now being
considered by the House Subcommittee
on District Appropriations, under
which the gasoline tax fund would be
made to bear the cost of street-widen
ing condemnation, hitherto paid out
of the general revenues of the District.
But, no matter how reasonable such
a proposal might be, it should be con
sidered, as a matter of principle, by the
legislative committees and not by the
appropriations committees. Legisla
tion on District appropriation bUls
has Increased in recent years, to the
misfortune of the District. The prac
tice is absolutely contrsrry to sound
legislative procedure. The hearings
are behind closed doors. There Is no
opportunity to present the other side.
The privileged status of appropriations
measures eliminates most of the oppor
tunity for effective debate on the floor.
The bills are usually rushed through
the House at high speed.
In this case use of the gasoline
tax as reported to have been recom
mended would represent another step
to eliminate financial participation by
the National Government In the ex
pense of street making or Improvement
In the Capital. Such expense, as long
as equitably shared by use of the gen
eral fund, includes some participation
by the National Government. When
transferred to the gasoline tax, the
load is borne entirely by automobile
owners—for the Government, a large
user of the streets, pays no gasoline
tax. It is unfortunate that the mat
ter, although relatively unimportant
as far as total expenditures are con
cerned, should be considered behind
closed doors, with no opportunity for
criticism from citizens whom It af
fecte.
The First Lady of the Land gives
advice by radio on the education of
youth, adjusted to the situation In life
that he may be called on to fill. This
would sensibly imply that valuable
service may be rendered without pro
tracted collegiate training.
The League of Nations continues Its
conscientious efforts to secure a system
of collective bargaining which will
enable governments to stand together
against war chiselers.
Danger of selling Imitation machine
guns as toys is evident. Some of the
youngsters may grow so enthusiastic
in underworld Imitation as to try to
shoot Santa Claus.
A munitions maker need not care
for gold disturbance in the event that
cold lead becomes a standard of value.
Some of the industrialists appear as
anxious to get rid of Blue Eagles as If
they were starlings.
SHOOTING STABS.
BY PHILANDER JOHNSON.
A Christinas Eve Letter.
I have left a sack of trouble·
By the chimney as I wait
For the saint whose toil redoubles
On that merry Christmas date.
They are troubles not imposing,
Yet you'll find a mighty din
They are speedily disclosing.
As to shake them you begin.
There's a wish that has been shat
tered,
There's a hope that has gone
wrong.
There's a sigh that never mattered
In the fragments of a song.
If you leave me free to ponder
On the hopes that shine anew
In the dawn that gleams out yonder,
I'll be grateful, friend, to you.
Instructions.
"Have you decided on your New
Year resolutions?"
"I wouldn't think of assuming such
a liberty," answered Senator Sor
ghum. "I will wait for notification
concerning them when Congress as
sembles."
Jud Tunkins says sometimes a mo
tor cop gets so tired and worried that
he gives you a ticket because misery
loves company.
Impression.
The psychoanalyst makes free
With "If or "and" or "but"
Until aWast he seems to ma
Just like another nut.
ν '*
Dilemma.
"Another court astrologer has re
signed," said the vizier.
"What's the trouble?" asked the
Sultan.
"Your rulings. If he brings good
news It doesn't come true, and If he
brings bad news he Is shot at sun
rise."
The Banana Jinx.
Wise .men some wondrous things have
said,
And yet there loiters in my head
A very slight and simple lay
About bananas gone astray
So far that we have none today.
The proverbs of King Solomon
I have forgotten, one by one.
Though pigs so ruthlessly they slay
They do not cause me such dismay
As the bananas missed today.
So put it on the radio
And sing it fast or sing It slow,
As economic thought I weigh
That tuneful (ad leaves me distrait
Of the banana lack today.
"You cant help de man," «aid Un
cle Eben, "who thinks you art puttin'
on air· If you try do him » lavcK."
y
THIS AND THAT
I
BY CHARLES t. TRACEWELL.
A great poet once fomented the fact,
In very pretty verse, that if he loved
a gazelle, we think It vu, It wu
pretty sure to die.
Temjrleton Jones was not as bad
off as that.
What happened to him was that If
he wanted a certain article in a pile
of papers he had saved, the only
sheet missing in the batch was the
very page he desired.
This t^ad happened so persistently,
over so many years, that if Jones were
at all superstitious he would have be
lieved In the imp of the perverse, as
some one has called it.
Jones was not superstitious, how
ever.
Aside from a few little peccadilloes,
such as tapping on wood and disliking
to raise an umbrella Indoors, he was
as free from them as most human
beings.
* * * *
One thing he Is sure of, that Is
that If he wants a certain book,
especially after a considerable length
of time, he will not be able to find it.
Where Is that book?
It should be right here In the
second section, where he put It, he is
quite sure.
It is not there, though.
Nor la it In the first or third lec
tions of the glassed cases.
There is not a chance of it being
in the other sections. They are de
voted to other subjects.
This particular book he remembers
well, the color of its binding, its
size, its very thickness. ,
He would know it in a second if
It were there.
Perhaps he loaned It to Neighbor
Smith?
Certainly not!
Smith would have returned It by
this time if he had. Smith wai one
of the very few borrowers who ever
returned books, especially within a
reasonable time.
Smith was not one to keep a book
a year then feel so ashamed of him
self that he could not return It at all.
Certainly he had never loaned that
book to Neighbor Smith. The very
fact that he could not now find It
convinced Templeton Jones of that.
Smith was a very fine fellow, and
returned borrowed books.
It might have been possible that
Jones had forgotten about It?
He would not forget about that
book, surely. Why, It was one of hi*
favorites.
It was such a favorite, Indeed, that
positively he would not loan It at all,
to anybody, not even to Smith.
Why
At this point the door bell rang
and there was Smith, on the mat,
holding out the missing book.
* * * *
Not very many of these episodes
turned out so well.
There was the fine article about
the naturalist who took photographs
of birds.
Templeton Jones valued the article,
and wanted to keep it.
So instead of cutting It out. as
he should have done, and stowing
it away some place where he could
totally forget it, and where, he simply
permitted It to remain in the paper.
This particular paper was placed
with other papers, but the bird article
was on top, right where he could
see It.
Every now and then he would say
to himself, "I must cut out that
article, or It will get away from me."
Then one day ®*
ud one of hie tropical flsh tanks.
Some of the pUnU ^ ^ come out
The first paper to band eervea
very well. Upon theie the plant*
were laid for » time
The wet paper was left.
What should be done with
Why, throw it away, of course!
What else could be done with an
old wet piece^paper?
All went well for about three week·,
and then . .. .
"I wonder where on earth that
article about photographing bird· U?
Had any one seen It?
None had seen It.
The lut »een of it It wu right
there on top of the pile.
Every paper wu there, In order,
except the one wanted, of cour*e.
The one wanted was never there.
There was absolutely no use look
lne for It. Templeton Jone» knew
from long experience that It would
not be there. .
No doubt It had taken wings and
flown away. It «hould have been right
there where he left It, the very last
one on top, so he could see It at a
moment's notice. ,
That was the reason he left It there,
right on top, he recalled perfectly.
Maybe It waa the one he used to
put the plante on, and It had gotten
wet, and had been thrown away?
* * * *
Jones never admitted It, anyway.
When the perversity of fate must
be taken into account It Is a good
thing never to admit anything.
For there really was no accounting
for such things.
t it was always the thing one wanted
that was missing, no matter what It
was. Jones could swear to that.
Hadn't he been an ardent collector
of circulars, as they were called, for
many years? Yes, he had kept all
of those which for any reason at
aU had appealed to him. He was a
man of many and wide interests.
most of which his frien^ thoueht
utterly worthless, but that (Udnt
bother him a bit. He had many in
terests and regarded nothing in print
as foreign to him. ,
So his hunch to keep a circular
always was good, as far as he was
concerned, and he was. of course,
the only one concerned. He might
need It some day, he thought.
ι Even as he saved them, he knew
In the back of his mind that whenever
the call came for a certain one It
alone of them all would not be there.
I * * * *
There was the funny one with the
"Tw^SS» worthlees, but the
drawings had been good.
Templeton Jones valued good work,
no matter where found.
One day he happened to recall the
circular and Its funny sketches.
you know that one with the funny
drawings? Well, where was that one?
He was sure he had put It on top
of the pile. Maybe others had come
along and hid It from view, but
surely It should be at least sixth from
the top. and here it wasnt In the
plJones'felt very bad about It.
Hie day was wrecked. What was
the use of trying to keep things 11
somebody was going to throw them
away all the time?
No, he felt sure he had not taken
it down to the office to show the
boys. Why should he take It down
to the offlce? Why should he—- .
Nevertheless (since th|p le a truth
ful chronicle) that 1· where he
found It.
WASHINGTON OBSERVATIONS
BF / RED ERIC WILLIAM WILE.
There will be plenty of votes In
Congress for President Roosevelt'·
war profits and neutrality proposals
whenever he recommends action, but
* Niagara of pro and con discussion
will drench Capitol Hill before legisla
tion ensues. The constitutional law
yers, especially In the Senate, will be
vociferously heard from. The Inter
nationalists and the anti-interna
tlonallsts will have their inning.
I again. Debates that will smack of
the League of Nations storm are In
prospect. even though no such stub
born hostility as the Irreconcilable*
put up is in sight. Senators Borah
and Johnson are the sole survivors
of the famed "battalion of death "
Both war profite and neutrality propo
sitions present so many complicated
and technical angles that In what
ever form Mr. Roosevelt presents
them they will arouse prolonged con
troversy. it is not likely that either
proposal will be submitted at a time
that could obstruct consideration of
relief and recovery measures, which
remain paramount from the New
Dealers' standpoint.
* * * *
Those New York Young Republican
groups before which Senators Borah
and Nye spoke last week seem to have
decided to become an arena for dis
f.ÎL· τ° ,° P· 1938 Presidential
talent. In January they will present
Senator Arthur H. Vandenberg of
Michigan and Gov. John O. Wlnant
of New Hampshire and others at
regular intervals. The leader of the
movement. Chase Mellen. jr., New
York County chairman, later Intends
to bring women into the picture as
factors in the plans to refashion the
Unes n P4rty on modernistic
* * * *
Charles Warren of the District of
Columbia bar, who figures promi
SyJVhe Department's
study of the problem of American
neutrality In war time, is a Bos
tonien, Harvard Law graduate and
acknowledged authority on the Con
stitution and the Federal Judiciary.
His three-volume work on "The Su
preme Court In United States His
tory won the Pulitzer prise In 1923.
Mr. Wairen began professional life
£.». * ™ *lcretary 10 the late Gov.
William E. Russell of Massachusetts
the young Democrat looked upon In
the gay nineties as the political heir
of Orover Cleveland. Later Warren
became Gov. Russell's law partner.
As Assistent Attorney General dur
ing the World War Mr. Warren spe
cialized In case» connected with our
neutral shipping rights.
♦ * * *
Representative-elect Simon M
Hamlin, Democrat, of Maine, hero of
the November upset which brought
V* 5?"?ne<1 Representative
Carroll L. Beedy, Republican, was
married at the executive mansion in
Augusta on December 15, with Gov.
Louis J. Brann as best man. Mrs.
Hamlin, the former Mrs. Evelyn Weld
PS-ÏÏ&Î* husb-d,« —^
♦ * » »
Dr. Julius Deutsch of Vienna, who
commanded Austrian Social Demo
cratic forces in their sanguinary battle
with the Dollfuss army last February
is a visitor to Washington. As the
guest of Benjamin Melman, corre
spondent of the Jewish Dally Forward,
Dr, Deutsch pleaded eloquently be
fore Capital newspaper men on be
half of the campaign to bring about
the neutralisation of Austria. He de
clares It the one means of prevent
ing the country from becoming the
cause of anther mr,- Drr Deutsch,
♦V
minister of war In the Austrian So
cialist government. Is .touring the
United States to arouse American In
terest In the neutralization cauee.
* * * *
Julius G. Lay. newly-appointed
Minister to Uruguay, Is a foreign
service veteran who resembles the
sailor with Invincible fondness for
the sea. After more than 30 years
In the consular branch. Mr. Lay left
the service In 1930 to Join the Inter
national banking firm of Speyer St
Co. The lure of the old career tempted
him back to It four years later, when
he was appointed consul general at
Calcutta. His official activities have
ranged over the world, including
Canada. China, Brazil. Germany,
South Africa, India and South Amer
ica. Today he's one of Uncle 8am's
Latin American specialists.
♦ » ♦ *
C. C. C. campe for girls are ad
vocated by Mrs. Alexander M. Had
den. president of the Girls' Service
League of America. She contends
that the situation of the untrained
girl of 18 to 21 years of age who Is
thrown on her own resources presents
a problem as urgent as the problem
of the boys. A C. C. C. for girls,
Mrs. Hadden thinks, should provide
a program of scientific training In
household work and self-supporting
occupations. With the active en
couragement of Mrs. Roosevelt, a
camp for unemployed young women
has been operating In the Bear Moun
tain region In New Tork State. Its
accommodations do not begin to offer
the facilities for which there is de
mand.
* * » »
Sir Ronald Lindsay, British Ambas
sador to the United States, has written
the preface to a book entitled "Friendly
Relations," by the Canadian historian,
Beetles Wlllson. The volume Is the
record of Britain's long succession of
envoys—ministers and ambassadors—
at Washington. Of the two doxen en
voys who represented Britain here up
to the World War, the author tells of
10 who were dismissed, recaUed or
summarily superseded. Intimate
glimpses of Capital life are packed into
the pages of "Friendly Relations."
♦ * * #
Washington's Town Hall is already
an unmistakable success. If much
larger faciUtles were available, even
such accommodations apparently
would be taxed by the crowds that turn
up for the Sunday night discussions.
Λ suggestion has been made that the
sponsors give immediate consideration
to the question of erecting premises
of their own. Perhaps the demon
strated usefulness of the enterprise
will some day justify constructing a
Town Hall uiF.W. A. project The
"panel" system is immensely popular.
Norman Thomas' recent bout with his
hecklers was particularly diverting.
The Immaculately garbed socialist,
who might have posed for a fashion
plate, found himself under heavy fire,
but handled himself with adroitness.
(Copyright. 1934.)
A Heavy Nary.
Prom th· Xlkhart (lad.) Truth.
"Japanese Warships Are Topheavy
and Unsafe," says a headline. If that
Is true, we could afford to allow the
Japanese to build a few more.
Delicate Job.
From the Davenport (Iowa) Tiass.
The delicate part of this Job of presi
dential adviser la making the advice
retroactive to fit something F. D. B.
hat daeida^for hinxif· *
NEW BOOKS
AT RANDOM
Mar gar Λ Gtrmo ni.
THE JASMINS FARM. By Elisabeth
New York: Doubled*?, Dona à
Co., Inc.
A (roup of men and women, per
sonal friends with a sincere aBectloi
for each other and » wholehearted
devotion for their week-end hottest
find themselves at sizes and seven
with their fellow guests and, to thi
amaaement of all of them, with Lad;
Mldhurst. Green gooseberries, served li
ices on Friday, souffles and fools oz
Saturday and hot tarts on Sunda;
were certainly wrecking a house part]
that every one who had been lnvlte<
had ample reason to expect to be thi
usual Joyous and happy occasloi
which a week-end at Shilling ton im
Piled. The superfluity of gooseberrlei
on the part of a woman who has nevei
been known to lapse from her reput*<
tlon as a perfect hostess is lnexpllcabli
to her guests. There Is no lndicatlor
of consciousness that Lady Mldhure
is aware of playing a trick on hei
friends. But there Is a limit to thi
endurance of even the moet loyal1 ο
admirers, and the last serving of th<
pale little fruit proves to be Just oni
more dose than the already overhestet
snd exasperated company can wlthstan<
with the politeness due to a belovec
woman. Tempers break loose, tonguei
indulge in statements that shock theli
owners and those who cannot thin)
up plausible excuses for an immédiat*
return to London endeavor to forge
their misery in retirement to theli
own rooms, in playing chess, or, ai
in the case of a newcomer to th<
(roup, in fainting dead away.
Had It not been for the comblnatior
of hot weather and gooseberries it ii
likely that the secret of Lady Terenci
Chllgrove's radiant contentment wltl
life would never have become a factoi
in the disrupting of more than on<
peaceful, if not altogether happy, do
mestic establishment. Having failed U
learn during the years before deatl
relieved her of her marriage to Tommj
Chllgrove that while beauty alone ma;
win a man it requires more than mere
beauty to hold him, the only true hap
piness that Lady Mldhurst has evei
experienced has been the unselfish de
votlon of her daughter. Protected anc
supposedly guarded from the ugliness
of the lives of those whose social statu
is unfortunately less superior than he:
own, Terry's complacent lndiffereno
to the attentions of eligible and de
sirable men who have sought her hanc
in marriage since her presentation t<
society and her tireless enthusiasm fa
social work is a source of anxiety t<
her mother and an unsolvabls puzzli
to her friends.
A chess game, lasting far Into th<
night, shoves Into motion a chain o:
unlooked-for events which result li
a series of comic and seml-traglc sit
uations so deftly Interspersed with wit
pathos and humor that the story be
comes as fascinating and as compll
cated as a tale of mystery. Unable U
understand that love Is no respectei
of the conventions, and that it often
times exists in beauty and sanctity
where'marriage is not possible. Lad;
Mldhurst flees from the wagglni
tongues of London to her Jasmine farn
In France, determined to forsake thi
daughter whom she believes to havi
become an Ignoble and unforglvabli
tinner. But the overly-elegant lad;
failed to reckon on the persistence o:
the mother-in-law of the man respon
sible for Terry's peculiar behavior. Thi
sum and substance is a delightfully In·
terestlng and entertaining story, tol<
with a logical conception of the trui
meaning of morality la à style that li
both delicate and convincing.
w m w m
DOREE, by Fanny Heasllp Lea. Nei
York: Dodd, Mead & Co.
Angelica Todd is one of those pe
culiar members of the human rac
possessed of more than the averag
allotment of personal and materia
advantages, but whose various at
tributes of beauty, ability and temper
•ment fail to match. Nature ha
endowed her with the captlvatln
appearance of a fairy queen and ha
furthermore bestowed upon her a gll
for sculpture. But her inheritance c
character and disposition had turne
out to be at variance with the angc
form which clothed the real girl with
in. Sweet tempered and amiable wlthi
certain limits, beyond them she coul
be ruthless, and If pushed too far sh
used that weapon of self-protectioi
without hesitancy or fear.
Forming plastic clay into figurine
has been a pleasureable pastime onl
until the time for the fulfillment of ao
arranged marriage comes too neai
Aided and abetted by two genuin
friends. Angel leaves a note of fare
well for the grandparents who hav
given her a home apd departs fror
England to make her way en her owi
in Paris. She Is not altogether cer
tain of what she does want, but she 1
quite sure of two things which ah
does not want. Of these latter, one 1
a career and the other a life of slngl
blessedness.
She is strongly attracted to seven
men, and more than one loves he
until the ruthless spirit in the guis
of a nymph comes to the surface. Bu
one near-marriage has taught her t
beware of uncertainty and she Is de
termined to find out for hersel
whether love Is a myth or a realitj
Meanwhile she returns to her studie
in clay in the hope that she may, i
necessary, become seli-sppporting.
It requires courage to live so nea
the danger line and to survive, witl
chin up, the contempt Incurred throug:
deeds Intended to be kind. One mai
heaps curses upon her, another de
nounces her as a cheat and anothe
would do both if he had not cultivate
a holier-than-thou smile which hi
self-righteous dignity did not perml
him to forget. A bumpy road for An
gel for a while, but stubborn determl
nation steers her around the pitfall
of her own making and finally leads t
triumph.
Miss Lea has a happy style of pre
senting the modern girl and her prob
lems. with an ease and grace and wit!
a generous understanding and sym
pathy. Angel is typical of the count
less young women of the poat-wa
generation faced with the perplexity ο
trying to fit Into the new world Jlgsai
puzzle the worn and shapeless rem
nants of an era that has passed, a pat
tern in the experiences of the huma:
race that all of the teachings an
preachings of mankind can never re
store. The story is one of romane
and comedy, filled with vigorous lif
that sparkles and love that sobers thl
effervescent age of freedom of though
and independence of behavior.
International Puzzle.
Prom the New York Time·.
First the angel read about Japan e»
navallsts defying the world, and thei
.he read about the Japanese frelghte
Victoria Maru In distress and British
Dutch and German ships rushing to it
aid, and then he gave up the who!
proposition as something nobody cai
hope to understand. ι
Some Success at Least
Prom the St. Louis Globe-Democrat.
Although the St. Louis man wh
built a Are under his light truck i
order to thaw out a frozen motor ma
have had the best of success in cor
recting the specific trouble he sough
to eon-act, he did not have much of ι
truck left by the time the fire depart
ANSWERS TO QUESTIONS
BY FREDERIC J. BASKIN.
Λ reader can get the answer to
any question of fact by writing The
Washington Evening Star Information
Bureau, Frederic J. Ha skin, Director,
Washington, D. C. Please inclose
stamp for reply.
Q. How many young people «re out
of school and unemployed?—Ν. B.
A. FIT· Bullion young men and
women between the age* of 16 and 25
are out of tchool and without work.
Q. Is there an Illuminating gait
which can not be used by suicide·?—
M. H. R.
A. A new German process has Just
been introduced which removes car
bon monoxide, the poisonous element
In Illuminating gai.
Q. How long should sheets last?—
L. T.
A. It depends upon their use and
quality. The Bureau of Horns Eco
nomics recently tested some medium
weight sheets. They were laundered
after every night of use In a hotel.
All were serviceable until used and
laundered 197 times, and some lasted
through 252 times.
Q. How many farms did George
Washington have at Mount Vernon?—
> B. M.
A. He had three—Muddy Hole
[ Farm, River Farm and Union Farm.
Q. Who first used punctuation
marks?—Η. M.
A. The first use of a system of
punctuation marks has been attri
buted to Aldus Manutlus. an Italian
printer of the fifteenth century.
Q. Since activity has been sus
pended in regard to home owners'
loans, can the corporation assist a
rejected applicant to refinance his
loan elsewhere?—M. P.
A. Representatives of the Home
Owners' Loan Corporation have been
Instructed to assist applicants to ad
just their original loans with the mort
gagees or, falling in this, to secure
satisfactory refinancing through other
private lending agencies. Special ef
forts have been made through the
Federal Home Loan Bank Board In
Washington to ascertain through all
private home-financing Institutions In
the United States where adequate
refinancing resources are available
and subsequently to place applicants
In touch with lending Institutions
which are seeking home mortgage
loans of satisfactory character.
Naturally, the applicant should make
every effort on his own Initiative to
adjust the original mortgage with the
present lender, regardless of the meas
ures which the Home Owners' Loan
Corporation and the Federal Home
Loan Bank Board have taken in his
behalf.
Q. How much money was paid in
old-age pensions last year?—F. S. B.
A. In 19S3, the total paid by the
various State· amounted to $25,
«54,543.
Q. When was the Department of
State library established?—M. B.
A. The collection was founded by
Thomas Jefferson In 1788, and was
one of the first libraries in Washing
ton. and one of the first so-called
"special libraries" In this country,
Q. What per cent of the popula
tion of this country dies before the
age of 14?—H. O.
A. Seventy out of every 1,000 Indi
viduals under 1 year of age die yearly,
, β out of a thousand individuals from
I to 4 years die yearly, but between
ι the age· of 10 and 14, oi these about
, 1.5 Individual· die yearly. The av
erage death rate for all ages Is about
II per thousand per year.
Q. Is there a cobra which squirts
venom Instead of sinking Its fangs
Into a person?—R. W. X.
A. The spitting cobra, known sci
entifically by the rame sepedon hae
machae'*s, Is notorious for its habit
of spitting venom when annoyed, but
this by no means takes the place of
the Injection of the poison into the
bodies of the victims. The mechanism
of spitting appears to be that by com·
pression of the poison glands the
venom Is forced out through the fangs
and at the same time a blast of air is
exhaled. This carries the liquid for
ward as a spray for a considerable
distance and If it strikes a person in
the eyes Intense irritation is set VP
which results In temporary, and some
times permanent, blindness.
Q. Please give the pronunciation of
Jascha Heifetzi name.—8. D.
A. The violinist's name Is pro
nounced Yah-sha High-fete.
Q. How was the term spread-eagle
used In the Navy—B. 8.
A. A man was said to be spread
eaglet! when he was l*shed to the
rigging with outstretched arms and
legs for flogging.
Q Who is considered the outstand
ing Indian at the present time?—8. T.
A. Indian Commissioner Collier con
siders Henry Roe Cloud, president of
Haskell Institute, the most represent
ative living Indian in the United
States. He describes him as "faithful
to his race, to Its peculiar genius and
its living past," and confronting "the
modern world on Its own ground."
Q. When Henry Thoreau lived on
Walden Pond, how much money did
he spend?—R. D.
A. In "Walden. or Life in the
Woods," Thoreau tells of his simple,
healthful, hermitlike life and says
that he built a hut, cultivated a
garden, and lived for years on an
annual outlay of $8.
Q. What is the Western Reserve?—
Ρ J w
A. It is a tract of land of 3.866,021
acres near Lake Erie which was re
served by the State of Connecticut
when the States ceded their Western
land to the Federal Government after
the Revolutionary War. Connecticut
gave up Jurisdiction over Western Re
serve in 1800, but kept title to the
land and sold it to individual pur
chasers.
Q. When did the man live who orig
inated Rogers Thesaurus?—Κ T.
A. Peter Mark Roget was born in
1774 and died in 1869.
Q. How many people In the United
States make tax returns?—6. N.
A. The latest compiled statistics
are for 1932. In that year the num
ber of returns of Individual· was
3,877,430, of which 1,936,095 were
taxable and 1,941,335 non-taxable.
Q. When was George Washington
University chartered?—G. A. W.
A. George Washington University
was chartered as Columbian College
in 1821. The title was authorized
changed by Congress in 1904.
Q. What Is a rathskeller?—B. C.
A. Rathskeller Is the German name
of the cellar of a council house or
city hall, which is often used as a
beer hall or restaurant, or place of
refreshment, for the members of the
city council. The term has been
broadened and, particularly In the
United State·, Is used to describe a
beer garden or rataurant usually In
a basement, hut many time· a pre
tentious establishment.
' New Wheal Parley Is Urged
! As World Pact Is Abandoned
. Announcement from Budapest that
the agreement among wheat-produc
[ ing nations for regulation of crops has
* been abandoned Is the subject of ex
: tensive comment In the American
j press. It is stated that large crops in
: Argentina and the refusal of that
country to destroy grain made It im
' possible to carry out the pact. Fur
J ther adjustment Is possible in the
1 future, some American observers be
5 lleve.
1 "One of the few positive results of
the World Economic Conference," ac
s cording to the Buffalo Evening News,
r "was an agreement by the principal
1 wheat-producing nations to limit ex
- porta of that commodity. At that
5 time the wheat production was far in
" excess of the world demand. The
e great exporting nations, such as the
1 United States, Canada, Argentina and
1 Australia, had huge carry-overs,
" which had the effect of depressing
s prices. During 1933, wheat prices
'■ retched their lowest level In centuries.
1 The plight of the wheat growers In
! this country, Canada and elsewhere
was desperate, and, in an effort to do
1 something to improve their lot, the
r nations overcame their previous re
s luctance to join with other nations
' In a common effort to raise wheat
} prices."
' "It Is to be doubted," thinks the
f Lowell (Mass.) Courier-Citizen, "that
- anything but nature will cut the ex
5 ports from Argentina or Australia.
■ Countries In the Southern Hemisphere
are likely to have quite different
r growing conditions from those which
1 prevail in the northern countries
1 and to be In a position to take ad
1 vantage of short world crops. They
" are to be excused, perhaps, for not
r throwing away this possible advan
1 tage for the sake of steadying the
I market, since they stand on the whole
' to gain more than they will lose by
* letting things take their course."
! Belief that there will be a new
: agreement next year is expressed by
the Columbus (Ohio) Citizen, as "co
operation among the wheat-growing
countries is still possible." Terms of
the original agreement are given by
1 the Bay City (Mich.) Dally Times:
"It was based on two facts: (1) The
" world yield of wheat per acre is re
. markably stable from year to year,
[ despite annual variations In the
' yields of Individual countries; (3) In
recent years the world's wheat acre
' age had been Increasing although the
J world demand had been falling. But
1 man proposes and the weather dis
* poses. Drought in the United States
' reduced the domestic wheat crop of
J 1933-4 to about 528,000,000 bushels,
[ as against 744,000,000 bushels In
c 1932-3 and 932,000,000 bushels in
1931-2. The estimate for the 1934-5
crop Is only 497,000,000 bushels. In
40 nations of the Northern Hemi
sphere the estimated production for
, 1933-4 is 250,000,000 bushels less than
: in 1932-3, a reduction of 8 per cent."
"Thanks to a flexible farm pro
gram," says the Denver Rocky Moun
| tain News, "the United States will be
, able next year to agree to any rea
[ sonable compact. And If no Interna
tional agreement Is reached, we can
speedily adjust our production plans
to compete for Our share in the world
markets. With the American wheat
price pegged above the world price, It
> may be necessary to prepare for the
ι possible wheat war by arranging for
f an export bounty in some form. While
- we hope this will not be necessary, it
t is an alternative to be considered by
ι Congress this Winter." The Youngs
- town Vindicator, however, hold· that
"unies· jT'Tf" ft'Ti no-Qptrtttop wi
wheat la re-established, as a result of
conference next year, the American
crop-reduction program may have to
be abandoned."
"Under the International agree
ment," says the Fort Worth Star
Telegram, "the four leading wheat
exporting nations—the United States,
Canada, Australia, Argentine—were to
limit exports for the 1933-4 crop
season to a maximum mutually agreed
upon. For 1934-5 each of the lour
nations agreed further to a minimum
IS per cent reduction of surplus acre
age- The Danublan countries agreed
to limit their exports and not to in
crease their acreage. Exports from
the Soviet Union were to be fixed by
negotiation. And the countries which
normally Import wheat agreed to dis
courage further extension of acreage,
to try to Increase their consumption
and to lower or remove, when condi
tions permitted, their restrictions on
wheat Imports."
A Suggestion for
To th· Cditor of The 8tar:
I am passing on a suggestion for
homemade Christmas seals to be
placed on white tissue paper wrap
pers.
My Inspiration for these seals came
from looking at a roll of left-over
envelope linings I had and In con
verting them Into some very attrac
tive seals without the cost of a penny.
The rich gold papers have been
turned into stars of various sixes; the
green papers Into pine trees, some
solid green, and some have a tracery
of gold ; others of silver over thé green,
giving a suggestion of tinsel-decorated
trees. Where the paper Is thin. It was
pasted on thin paper, then cut out
when dry.
The rich figured papers with reds
and various colors have been cut In
the shape of bells, circles and other
shapes. They are good sized and
attractive.
It require· much time to do the
cutting properly, as the edges should
be cut true and even. The time re
quired will be compensated by the
satisfaction derived.
• Baby faces with happy expressions,
as found in some Star advertisements,
have been copied in pencil on corre
spondence cards, some of them tinted
In water color, with Christmas greet
ings beneath, and are to be used m
Christmas cards.
My object in sending this to yoin
paper is a suggestion to those who
may be glad to follow It, and perhaps
it may lead to other ways of help· of
which I have not yet found.
MRS. M. A HOSTELLER.
Ground Some Flivvers, Tool
Prom th· Pasadena (Calif.) Poet.
Oregon's air patrol has grounded
twenty planes as unfit for service. Ap
plication of a similar rule to decrepit
flivvers would put more than twenty
out of business.
A Long Term.
Prom the Toledo Blade.
A Kansas man goes to the peni
tentiary for 290 years. It relieves him
of the hopelessness involved in a life
sentence.
Executive Crockery.
Prom the Atlanta Constitution.
The White House now bas a 1.000
U should b· ft
Christmas Seals
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