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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 31, 1934, Image 2

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Pennsylvania Invaded b}
Peoples From North,
Scientist Shows.
BY THOMAS l. HENRY,
Stall Correspondent of The Star,
PITTSBURGH, December 31.—
Eskimos were once within 250 miles
of the District.
Evidences of a prehistoric Invasion
of Eskimo-like people which reached
as far south as Pennsylvania were
presented today by Dr. William A,
Ritchie of the Rochester Municipal
Museum to the American Association
for the Advancement of Science. They
swept southward after a peculiar
broad-headed people, whose original
homeland appears to have been in the
general Chesapeake Bay region, had
pressed northward and displaced a
very primitive, long-headed race whc
appear to have been the original in
habitants of New York and New Eng
land.
The earliest remains thus far found
In the Northeast are of these long
heads, Dr. Ritchie said. They evi
dently were familiar with pottery oi
the use of tobacco and appear to hav«
been a nomad, hunting people. Theii
chief remains have been found in the
deep debris of a New York lake bottom
Supplanted by Advanced Group.
They were supplanted by peoplt
who may have developed a rather ad
vanced aboriginal culture somewheri
in the neighborhood of Washington
They were much further advanced ir
their primitive culture, familiar wit!
i-ooBccu ana ponery, ana apparently
established more or less permanent
settlements. They remained in pos
session of the Northeast until the stll
further advanced Eskimo-like peopli
swept down from the North througt
the St. Lawrence Valley and Ontario
Whether these people were actually
Eskimos from the Par North or rela
lives of the Arctic people who havi
since disappeared is unknown. Object;
of walrus ivory and typically Esklm;
ground-slate arrow points and knivei
have been found in the St. Lawrenc;
Valley along the supposed route o:
their descent.
They in turn were succeeded by th<
ancestors of the Algonquin people;
found along the coasts of the North
eastern States by the first white set
tlers. These Algonqulns apparently
had been pushed East by the lnvasior
of the Iroquois tribes from the Ohi<
Valley.
The great drought that turned largi
areas of the Midwest into a temporary
desert was predicted 15 years ago anc
was due to the downward swing of th;
rainfall cycle, according to a repor
presented by J. B. Kincer, chief of th;
division of climatology of the Weathe:
Bureau.
Area Hit Twice Before.
Twice before since climatic record;
have been available, Mr. Kincer said
approximately the same area has beei
hit by a severe drought—once In 1851
and again in the early 90s. The*
made little difference because the lam
was unsettled and uncultivated, bu
should have been recognized as evl
dence of what was to come in th
future. The ups and downs of th
rainfall curves, Mr. Kincer said, can
not be predicted, but it is certain tha
a dry period is bound sooner or late
to follow a moiat period an<| there 1
nothing that man can do about it.
The phenomenon of alternatin,
peaks of drought and moisture, h
said, is world-wide, and a study of th
climate of Warsaw, Poland, show
about the same history as that of SI
Paul, although the effects did no
come at the same time.
Along the same line W. R. Chaplin
of the Washington office of the Pores
Service told of an extensive erosion
stream flow research just inaugurate!
by the Department of Agriculture t
measure the run-off ratios betweei
bare and vegetation-covered slopes
In some cases, he pointed out, erosioi
on hillsides from which the forest
have been cut has amounted to 4,00'
times that on similar slopes coverei
with trees.
New Method Aids Forecasts.
Weather forecasts—especially as re
gards rainfall—will be improved con
siderably and It may be possible t
make them further in advanc
through the air mass analysis methoi
now made possible by airplane obser
vatlons of the upper atmospheri
taken simultaneously over the coun
try, according to a report by Dr. Wil
Its R. Gregg, chief of the Weathe
Bureau.
Experiments indicating that cofle
acts as an antidote for nicotine wen
described by Dr. A. L. Windsor of Cor
nell University. The subjects of th
experiment first smoked a cigarette
Inhaling the smoke, for three minutes
It was found that there was unsteadl
hand co-ordination which lasted a
long as 45 minutes. The same sub
Jects drank a pint of coffee at anothe
time and showed very much slighte
effects. Then they were made to drinl
the coffee before smoking the cigar
ette*. The effects found previous!
for the cigarettes alone were almos
entirely lacking.
The capacity of automobile driver
to Judge distance falls off rapid!
once the vision falls below 70 per cen
of normal, It was reported by Di
Alvah R. Laurer of Iowa State Colleg<
The deficiency need be only in on
eye to greatly Interfere with efflclenc;
as a driver, he found.
Girls More Truthful.
Girls are much more truthful tha:
their brothers.
This finding, based on tests of 5.00
public and private school chlidrei
from the third grade through th
fourth year in college, was reporte
yesterday by Dr. Byrne J, Hortor
professor of education at De Par
University, Chicago. The student
were presented with a problematics
situation which permitted truthfu
untruthful or evasive answers, and th
reactions were noted.
Dr. Horton found, specifically, tha
girls in general are more truthful tha:
boys and that this tends to increas
with age. Thus the boys in elemen
tary schools were a trifle more truth
ful, but their sisters gained the ad
vantage in high school and college.
BUTTE F.E.R. A.STRIKER!
VOTE TO RESUME JOB!
By the Associated Press.
BUTTE, Mont., December 31.
Butte F. E. R. A. workers, on strlk
since Wednesday, yesterday voted, 76
to 354, to return to their jobs withou
concessions from relief officials.
A committee of workers which at
ranged for the balloting announce
that the vote in favor of the strik
was cast by a small numb*- of men:
bers of the F. E. R. A. Workers’ Prc
tectlve Union.
About 600 workers had walked ou
The demands included reinstatejner
of a discharged employe, higher wag<
and additional days of work.
r
I What’s What
Behind News
In Capital
f ?
Economic Judges Expect
90 Per Cent Normal
Industry in Spring.
BY PAUL MALI-ON.
INDUSTRY whirred Itself up to 86
per cent of normal activity last
Spring. That peak momentum
was reached in April and May.
Then it began to slow down. To
day it Is about 76.
The private composite opinon of the
best economic judges here is that it
will reach 90 this con ing Spring. That
does not mean merely a 20 per cent
improvement over the present. It
means the Improvement will be 20 per
cent more than seasonal.
The business seers do not base
this expectation on anything the
New Deal will do. They reckon it
on the law of economic averages,
brought up to date by investiga
tions of the present condition of
supply and demand—the two fac
tors which still seem to be more
important than any others.
It makes as good a New Year greet
i ing as you can get. and far more sub
stantial than the frail hopes expressed
at the end of 1933.
I
An accurate idea of the up-and
down road along which President
Roosevelt has led us can be obtained
by a squint at the accompanying
monthly business chart.
• Important Exceptions.
It shows that, generally, we are at
about the same level as last year, with
certain important exceptidhs. The
main exception is that wages and em
ployment have been notably improved.
Industrial production is about the
same as last December, but wages are
■ about 10 per cent nearer normal and
employment about 3 per cent better.
This may be nothing to get out an
I extra about—especially in view of the
fact that demands for relief are not
diminishing—yet it is encouraging.
An equally important improvement
in 1934 was In department store sales.
| They were 10 per cent nearer normal
this December than last. Of course,
that is generally attributed to the
1 pump-priming money which Mr.
’ Roosevelt has been putting out.
For your guidance in reading the
• accompanying chart, the averages of
’ 1923:25, Inclusive, are considered 100
; (.normal) for everything except prices.
Seasons Nullified.
The figures are assembled mainly
, by the New Deal economists for gov
ernmental use, although most of them
| are compiled by non-governmental
l agencies. Seasonal variations have
, been eliminated as far as possible, so
j that each figure represents the actual
. percentage of normal at the times
' stated.
• Nott in the chart the continuous
> improvement in industrial activity
Jot the past Jour months. It it
t important because the wheels
r usually slow down at this season.
? (Of Course, they did in November
and December, but the decrease
; was less than seasonal, so the
> chart shows an improvement.)
■ The better December figure was
1 due largely to steel and automobiles.
• Steel ran at 37 per cent capacity.
- Steel improvement is expected to con
tinue through the Spring.
? The auto maxers have been op
t erating at a rate greater than sea
■ sonal, largely because they have
1 changed their production season. But
> their plans for next year exude even
i more substantial optimism. Reports
• inside the trade indicate a planned
i output of 3.2 million cars next year
> (compared with about 2.7 this year).
> The trend is toward larger and
1 roomier cars, with not so many costly
gadgets on them.
Textile insiders have noticed
that there has been strong buying
lately. Big orders in December ex
) ceeded expectations and were con
! siderably in excess of production.
I Unquestionably, production in this
line also will have to be stepped
« up early in the new year to meet
aemana.
It might be best not to spoil a
very encouraging new year outlook
by referring to building, but the sit
■ uation is somewhat better than the
■ woeful figures indicate. The number
of permit* issued in November were
! 19 per cent over a year ago, and the
• extent of additions, alterations and
■ repairs was 61 per cent over a year
ago. That is due to the fact that
l housing relief 3gency activity is at
> least beginning to show some results,
• however slight.
. Prices Higher.
: There was another Improvement,
■ not mentioned above—prices. They
1 are now about 10 per cent higher than
t in December last year. Much of the
increase can be attributed to the
> drought boost in meat and farm
f prices, yet there has been a small
t increase In prices generally. More
• significant is the fact that they have
been stabilized at the existing level
- for the past five months. They will
’ go a little higher in the Spring.
If any of you business men want
a more detailed, but less up-to-date,
analysis of the situation, get a copy
1 of the address of Bureau Director
Murchison of the Commerce Depart
1 ment, delivered at Pittsburgh Satur
) day. It is the most intelligent New
: York statement from the New Deal
1 standpoint. Of course, Dr. Murchi
’ son gives the administration the
1 benefit of many doubts, but essen
? tlally his sound analysis lacks the
1 usual political fragrance.
AU in aU. conditions indicate that
5 the happy New Year greetings are
not idle wishes, although It mighl
1 be Just as well to omit the adjective
1 "prosperous” from them. Anyway, II
- has not been used for a long time
The statistics:
■ • ** .
_C Gw
I! -a mi f.
v o sv “-g JfSi o«
> * It £l 81 §1 £l
\ 1929 avg. 11» 104.8 10P.1 106 111 117 96.:
1930 avg. 98 91.5 88.7 92 103 92 86.1
1931 ave. 81 77.4 67.8 76 92 63 73.(
Jan. '32. 72 77.2 63.6 64 78 3167.:
November 66 8.3 2 42.9 57 63 27 83.1
- December 68 62.4 41.5 58 60 28 82.(
e Jan.. ’33. 85 61.4 39.5 56 60 22 81.<
5 November 73 75.9 56.6 60 65 48 71.1
t December 75 75.0 54.5 62 69 68 70.f
1 Jan..’34. 78 71.1 54.0 64 68 49 72.:
February. 81 78.4 60.6 64 71 44 73.<
- March... 85 81.0 64.8 66 77 33 73.1
i Anri!.... 86 82.2 67.3 62 77 32 73.f
e May.'.... 86 82.4 67.1 63 77 26 73.1
June.... 83 81.4 64.8 64 74 26 74.<
* July. 75 79.4 80.4 61 72 27 74.1
* August... 73 79.2 82.2 59 79 27 76.1
September 71 73.9 57.9 59 78 27 77.f
October.. 73 76.7 61.0 67 74 31 76.f
November 74 76.7 69.5 59 72 31 76.f
: Dec., eat. 76 77.0 61.0 63 77 80 78.1
* 1926 equal* loo.
(Copyright. 1934.)
PRESIDENT OK
FIGHTJNJOK
Says Veterans Are Misin
formed on Time Pay
ment Is Due.
_(Continued From First Page.)_
understood even among the veterans
themselves.
“I am also particularly Impressed
with one paragraph of your letter
which' confirms another conviction I
have that the service men generally
have the Interests of their country
and Government at heart. I have
had prepared for me a memorandum
which outlines in detail exactly whatj
Congress did in 1924 when they au-1
thorized the issuing of the adjusted !
service certificates known generally as i
the ‘bonus.’ This memorandum 11
am Inclosing herewith. I am sure ■
that you will find in this memoran
dum sufficient information to enable
you to decide for yourself the stand
you should take on this issue as well
as being in a position, as I fe ;1 you
should be, to advise Legionnaires who
come to you seeking information in
regard to the immediate paymenr. of
the balance due on the adjusted serv
ice certificates.
"It is quite apparent from your let
ter in which you advise me of the rea
sons why the service men are demand
ing immediate payment of the bonus,
that there is a general misunderstand
ing in regard to the Government's
ob igation in this matter. When, In
1924 Congress decided to issue the
adjusted service certificates, they act
ually authorized a bonus of *1,400,
300.000, but because of the stand taken
at that time by those advocating the
measure who felt that it would be In
the Interest of the service men them- I
selves, this cash outlay was not made
immediately, but was deferred for 20
years. Because of this deferment the
Initial bonus was Increased 25 per cent
so that the $1,400,000,000 invested for
the service men at 4 per cent com
pounded annually, would mature in
20 years *3,500,000,000. Or putting It
another way, suppose that a veteran's
original grant by Congress in 1924
was *400 and the veteran did not bor
row on his certificate, permitting the
interest to accumulate to maturity,
the *400 would grow so that it would
pay the veteran when due in 1945
$1,000. In other words, the amount
which is printed upon the face of
every adjusted service certificate is
not the amount of the basic or orig
inal bonus voted by Congress, but is
an amount plus 25 per cent added for I
deferred payment which with interest!
at 4 per cent compounded annually
over a 20-year period, will produce the
face or maturity value. This would
seem to dispose of the question as to
whether the obligation is Immediately
due.
Billion Borrowed.
“There is another feature in connec
tion with this matter that Impresses ]
me. and that is the fact that out of
3,500,000 certificates outstanding,
3.038.500 veterans have borrowed
thereon approximately *1.690.000.000.
In other words, some have borrowed
more than the present worth of their
bonus certificates. This is brought
about by the action of Congress per
mitting a veteran to borrow up to 50
per cent of the face or maturity value
of his certificate, even though that
certificate may have been issued only a 1
few days before the loan is made. Of
coures, all the certificates were not
Issued at the same time In 1925, but
have been issued from that date up to
the present time, so their present value
or earned value, as we may put It, la
not the same in all cases, but taking
the aggregate of all the certificates
issued, they have a present value of
*2,100,000,000, whereas their face value'
Is *3,500,000.000. Then, too, I believe 1
it has been suggested that the interest
paid or now accumulated be canceled
or remitted. If this plan were carried
! out, the total amount would Increase
to $3,720,000,000; or, patting It an
other way. making the cost *1,620,
000,000 over and above the present
value and *2,320.000.000 above the
amount which the Congress fixed as
the original basic adjustment.
“I feel sure that many of the vet
erans have not given the question
sufficient study to reallie the vast
sums required to meet the demands
suggested.
“Your statement advising me that
those who favor the immediate pay
ment of the bonus feel that a good
reason for doing ao la because the
Government has spent millions of
dollars on the recovery program, and
that much of these funds will not be
repaid, while by the payment of the
bonus the Government will be dis
charging an obligation, and by so
■ discharging this obligation the money
spent bv the veterans will rin much
in a practical way of stimulating re
covery, is interesting.
Relief Expenditures.
"I know that you appreciate that
all expenditures for relief have been
made in the interest of recovery and
for all our citizens, non-veterans as
well as for veterans. All citizens in
nesd have shared in the direct distri
bution for relief, and in employment,
as you no doubt are aware, a very
definite and distinct preference is
given to veterans. I am advised that
at the time the issue of paying the
balance of the bonus was up and a
compromise was made by increasing
the loan value to 50 per cent of the
face value, there resulted a distribu
tion of approximately a billion dollars
and at that time the same argument
was advanced that the expenditure
of such a large amount of money
by the veterans would greatly stimu
late business and aid recovery. A sur
vey of the results showed otherwise.
This large payment resulted In little
stimulation of business, and In many
of the large cities no material change
was indicated at all. It was found
that indebtedness created by the vet
erans prior to the payment was liqui
dated, and the money advanced to
veterans went to clear that indebted
ness rather than to create new busi
ness. No doubt the same result would
obtain If the balance were now paid.
However, in this connection what to
me is very Important, having In mind
that the bonus certiflctee is a paid
up endowment policy, payable either
to the veteran upon its maturity or
to his beneficiary, generally the wife
and children in the event of his
death, is the fact that of the veterans
who die, approximately 85 per cent
of them leave no other asset to their
family, but the adjusted service cer
tificate or the balance due on the
certificate. I feel, therefore, that
those who advocate the payment of
these certificates at this time for the
purpose of stimulating business, cer
tainty cannot have given the interests
of the veterans much thought.
“I appreciate your truly patriotic
Interest In desiring to obtain full
inlormation on an issue so vital to
the service men and our country. I
am giving you this information with
the hope that it will be useful in en
abling ycu to reach a conclusion in
your own mind regarding the matter
as well as helping others to determine
the fair thing to do.
“Very sincerely yours,
FRANKLIN D. ROOSEVELT."
¥/
Original Amount
of {Sonus Grows
Ur^fler Act of 1924
Memorandum regarding adjusted
compensation, or "the bonus":
The CongTess, by the passage of the
act Of May 19, 1924, provided for the
granting of additional compensation
to each veteran, with certain specified
exceptions, of $1 per day for services
In the United States and $1.25 per
day for services over seas, in excess of
the first 60 days of services. The
amount thus determined was In
creased by 25 per cent because of
deferment of payment. Using the ag
gregate as a net single premium ac
cording to the American experience
table of mortality with Interest at 4
per cent per annum, entitlement was
granted to the veterans to payment,
20 years after 1925 or date of appli
cation of a sum approximately two
and-one-half times that of the basic
adjustment. The 150 per cent In
crease represents the additional
amount granted because of deferment
of payment and the compounded in
terest. Thus an original grant of $400
In 1925 would enlarge Itself to $1,000
In 1945. If In 1925 the $1 and $1.25
per day adjustment had been paid In
cash the veterans would have re
ceived a total of $1,400,000,000, but
by deferring the payment 20 years
the sum became $3,500,000,000.
Under the original law veterans
were permitted to borrow on their
certificates according to the reserve
value thereof, but in February, 1931,
an amendment increased, without re
gard to actuarial value, the amount
which could be borrowed to 50 per
cent of the maturity value. This
amendment also fixed the maximum
Interest which could be charged on
loans at 4U per cent, which rate was
subsequently reduced to 3>*i per cent
by the act of July 21, 1932. The
amount. Including Interest charges
now outstanding because of loans made
to veterans is slightly less than
$1,690,000,000. Of this amodnt $1,470,
000.000 is represented by actual pay
ments disbursed by the Veterans' Ad
ministration. The difference between
the maturity value and the present
liens on certificates is $1,810,000,000.
However, the difference between the
present value of the certificates, actu
arlally computed, and the amount out
standing as liens is only $410,000,000.
as tne major portion of this difference
Is represented by the value of the one
half million certificates which have
not been borrowed upon, only $130,
000,000 would be payable on the
present value basis to the 3.000,000
men who have borrowed on their cer
tificates, representing an average
equity of about $43 on the average
certificate in contrast to the $600
which is now sought to be paid by the
resolution of the American Legion.
In substance, this resolution seeks
the remitting of interest in an amount
in excess of $220,000,000 charged to
the veterans’ accounts, but would re
quire the immediate piyment by th“
Government of interest that will not
have been earned until 1945, which
together with the amount granted
on account of deferred payment totals
$2,100,000,000 more than the $1 and
$1.25 a day adjustment provided by
th? original act. The present value
of the certificates in force is $2,100,
000.000, whereas it is sought to have
now paid $3,720,000,000 (the ma
turity or face value plus remittance
of interest >, or an additional amount
Of $1,620,000,000 over and above the
present value and $2 320,000.000 more
than the original basic adjustment.
TWO TICKET SCALPERS
SEIZED NEAR STATION
Selling Without License Charged
Against Capital Man and
Baltimorean.
Two railroad ticket scalpers were
arrested near Union Station yesterday
on charges of selling tickets without
a license.
They are Benjamin Kay. 31. of 1028
Seventh street and Bernard Goldstein.
19. of Baltimore. They were to be
arraigned in Police Court today.
Police said the men were selling the
return half of round-trip tickets for
more money than the tickets cost in
other cities. .
I - - - '
Aid Reaches Marooned Ait Liner Passengers |
The giant Condor plane, which was wrecked In the stormbound Adirondacks, two members of its crew and
pilot who located the missing ship are shown above. Top (left to right): Ernest Dryer of Cleveland, pilot of the
Ill-fated plane: Dean Smith, veteran mall pilot who relieved the anxiety of the airline officials and families of
those with the ship when he reported sighting it, and Dale Dryer, copilot. The photo of the plane was taken on
her maiden trip early this month. —A. P. Photo.
THREE MAROONED
IN WRECKED PLANE
3 DAYS ARE SAVED
(Continued From First Page.)_
Army ship dropped some food, but it
was picked up Dy searchers, mistaken
by the flyer for the wrecked men.
Lieut. Emerson returned 40 minutes
after Jakway and said:
"I dropped food successfully to the
marooned men. The parachute which
lowered the food caught in a tree.
There were six or eight men with the
flyers. They were forced to cut down
. the tree to get the food. I didn't
see any other searchers in the vicin
ity. Lieut. Jesse Reed relieved me
and I returned here.”
Joy mounted high at the air base
j here with the establishment of con
tinuous air patrol over the wreck.
Officials credited the plan with guid
ing ground parlies to the spot, and
i it was expected that the rescued men
would be started either north to
Morehouseville or south to Gray im
• mediately.
State troopers at Gray had not
heard from the sleigh party which
entered the woods there at 11:30 p.m.
Other troopers arrived from Oneida
! to relieve those on duty at Gray. A
bobsled hauled by a team was to
start for the wreck at noon, to be
l followed by another group in an hour.
The Albany Evening News received
word irom Poland, N. Y., in the area
of search, that three brothers, Lester,
Charles and Dan Bartello, and Floyd
Treuzer, all of Hollmeister. started
last night on snowshoes for the wreck
and waded through waist-deep snow
in 30 below temperatures. They
reached the plane at 1 a m. today.
Sergt. Hall Rouillard, observer with
Lieut. Emerson and also a Massa
chusetts National Guard flyer, said
he dropped a note to the plane, read
ing:
•'If quantity of food satisfactory,
go to plane and brush snow oS
stabilizer."
One of the men on the ground went
to the plane and brushed some snow
off the stabilizer, he said.
"All of the men were lively and in
good condition apparently,” the ser
geant said.
Pilot A1 Mitchell radioed to the Al
bany Airport from the air over the
wrecked plans that five men had left
the group of 11 at the spot and had
headed north toward HcfTmeister. He
could not tell whether the group leav
ing included any of the marooned
men.
Doubts They Can Be Moved.
Pilot Charles Marris, an air flyer
at Albany, speculated that the strand
ed men could not be removed from
the scene of the wreck without more
aid than was available there, due to
their weakened condition from cold
and hunger.
His toes frozen m weather 28 de
grees below zero, a State trooper
named Harney was carried out of the
Adirondack wilderness today by six
comrades who had been searching with
him for the wrecked airliner, it was
reported from Gray, N. Y.
The seven men from New York
State's police force left this hamlet of
10 families at 10 o'clock last night,
hoping to cover the six miles to the
mountain-side site of the plane crash
and to rescue the marooned flyers.
They penetrated six miles, right
enough, but not in a straight line.
Forced by the rugged country to zig
zag in at one point, then double back
to another through snow-filled trails,
they made scant progress toward their
goal, then had to retreat.
A second group of troopers with a
hdrse-drawn sleigh went into the
desolation at 11:30 p.m. and had not
been heard from at 7 a.m. today.
---
MRS. BUSCH DIES AT 92
I _
Member of Ohio Brewery Family
Succumbs in California.
REDLANDS. Calif., December 31
OP).—Mrs. Katherine Busch, 92, di°d
yesterday after a long illness. Her
family was identified for n.anv yra:s
with the Lackman Brewery in Cin
cinnati.
A daughter. Mrs Ana Lackman of
! Redlands. Calif., ai:d a son. Edward
I Busch of Dayton, Ohio., survive.
Crashing Events Impress
Little-Known Persons on
Public’s Mind.
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. December 31.—The
headlines of 1934 unrolled a profu
sion of new names.
"Names make news" is a journal
istic adage, but 1934 reversed it. News
—big news—pushed scores of names
onto the front page and kept a gen
erous handful of them there until
they were as familiar as the name
of the family physician.
From the march of the Cardina's
to the world's base ball championship,
the Midwestern crime wave, the de
velopments in the Lindbergh baby
kidnaping and murder case, the
"tempest in a teapot" investigation of
the “brain trust," and a dozen other
news events, new names emerged
slowly or burst like rockets on Page
l of the dailies. No longer was iden
tification necessary. Within no time
at all the head writers were unfurl
ing such banners as "Hauptmann Held
for Murder”—"Dizzy Dean Downs De
troit"—'"Dillinger Dies in Federal
Trap”—or “Wirt Willing to Testify.”
Hauptmann Arrest Startles.
Outstanding, of course, was Brum
Richard Hauptmann, the alien car
penter, around whose Bronx homo
the 212-year-old investigation of the
kidnaping and murder of Charles A.
Lindbergh, jr., suddenly settled with
the fury of a tornado. Only in his
home town in Germany apparently
had Hauptmann’s name appeared in
public print until a New York filling
station operator became suspicious of
ft BOld nOtG with whirh Haiintmann
paid for some gasoline.
On into 1935 the name of Haupt
mann is scheduled to hold its share
of the headlines. As soon as the new
year has made its turn the State of
New Jersey will open its effort to
prove that Hauptmann committed the
"crime of the century.”
Jerome Herman "Dizzy” Dean was
too big a favorite with the sports
WTiters and too good a pitcher not to
have made his bow in the headlines
before the world series. In August,
in fact, when he instigated and per
petrated a one-man strike for higher
pay for Brother Paul, the story moved
outside base ball circles. But by the
time the series was over and Dean
had surpassed even his own expecta
tions. base balldem's new favorite waj
permanently launching.
"Bad Man” Slain.
In police circles and in numcous
localities of the Northern Middle West
John Dillinger was notorious when ths
year opened. Kis capture with three
companions at Tucson. Ariz., and his
subsequent "wooden-pistol” escape
from the Crown Point, Ind., county
jail catapulted him into the national
news category. From that point on
he continued the thorn in the side of
the Department of Justice and the
Nation's “No. 1 bad man” until that
night in July when he relaxed his
vigil and went to a movie. His dca'.li
in the gunfire from officialdom's am
bush was the highlight of an anti
crime drive which he3 carried more
gangsters to death from the guns of
justice than in any other year.
Dr. William A. Wirt might still be
a comparatively little -known Grry,
Ind., pedagog had he ri6t undertaken
to publish his "charges” against the
“brain trust.” These charges, con
cerning an "economic revolution w t’n
Roosevelt as its Kerensky.” set the
Washington political pot to boilivT
over an investigation that filled the
front pates for weeks until the House
committee finally issued a report that
the “charges of Dr. Wirt were un
founded.”
Science Honors Doctor.
Had the Dionne quintuplets never
been born Dr. Allan Roy Dafoe prob
ably would have ended his life a sin
cere. intelligent country doctor re
markably like a character from recent
fiction. His fight for the lives of the
five Dionne babies since he received
that before-dawn “hurry caU” at his
home in Callendar, Ontario, May 28
has drawn almost as much attention
from science as from the public. In
that wooded North country now is a
tiny hospital that bears his name and
houses only five patients—the Dionne
quintuplets.
Headlines come early in life to some.
Two youngsters this year have drawn
more than many famous figures ever
receive. There is Gloria Vanderbilt,
10 years old. who went into Central
Park one day to feed the pigeons and
precipitated charges by her mother
In a habeas corpus proceeding against
Mrs. Harry Payne Whitney that her
daughter had been "spirited away.”
After nearly three months, prepara
tions for another court battle over
custody of the child are being made
by Mrs. Vanderbilt.
The other youngster is none other
than a darling of the movies, 5-year
old Shirley Temple, who was drafted
into the cast of “Stand Up and Cheer”
and elevated to stardom because au
diences did just that when the film
was shown.
Richberg Gets Spotlight.
Donald Randall Richberg has been
in the public prints for many years.
Fvpn hpfnr#» his annnintment as een
eral counsel of the N. R. A., he had
wedged a generous niche in America's
"Who's Who." But it was not until
1934 that his name began to emerge
as one of the most prominent figures
In the "New Deal.”
There are scores of others whose
names have popped into prominence—
the kidnap victims, Edward G. Bremer,
Mrs. Berry Stoll, T. S. Gettle, June
Robles; there is Melvin Purvis. Fed
eral agent, who has been credited with
a big role in the eradication of Dil
linger, "Baby Face” Nelson and
“Pretty Boy” Floyd; there are Capt.
Ivan Poderjay, who Is to be brought
from Austria for questioning in con
nection with the disappearance of
Agnes Tufverson, and Dr. Alice Wyne
koop. now serving a sentence for the
murder of her daughter-in-law.
WASHINGTONNATIVE
ILL TWO YEARS DIES
Mrs. Sophie d’Antignac Aspinwall,
67. a resident of Washington all her
life, died yesterday at her home, 1821
Jefferson place. She had been an
invalid for the last two years. Mrs.
Aspinwall was the sister of the late
Dr. Middleton Cuthbert, well-known
Washington physician.
She is survived by a son. John
Cuthbert Aspinwall of Norfolk, Va.;
three grandchildren, Middleton, Cath
erine and John C. Aspinwall, Jr.; two
sisters, Mrs. George W. Brown of
Washington and Mrs. William Mc
Pherson of New York City, and a
niece, Mrs. C. R. Train, wife of Ad
m'ral Train.
Funeral services will he held In
Joseph Gawier’s Sons chapel tomor
row at 2 p.m, followed by burial in
Oak Hill Cemetery.
► I
A Review of the Year in Cartoon
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