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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, December 31, 1934, Image 3

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CURTIS AMONG
POLITICS'FOR GOOD
Kansan Says He Has Ha<
About All He Could
Have.
By the Associated Press.
Charles Curtis, the grizzled veterar
for whom Kansas Republicans wave<
banners and demanded the presidency
in 1928, said yesterday he was "deft
nitely out of
politics.”
•‘I am practic
ing law and en
joying life,” said
the man who was
Vice President
less than two
years ago. "I
don't have the
worries of politics
and make more
money. I went
to Mexico last
year and Italy
this. I d o n’t
know where I’ll
go next.” Ch,rl” c“r“*
“No; I don’t want to talk ajjou
politics,” he smiled in response to t
question.
“I have no desire for any furthei
political office. I have had about al
that I could have had except thi
presidency.”
His voice took on a reminiscem
note. He paused for a moment—lonf
enough for his mind to have taken 8
quick glimpse of the career back ol
the man, county attorney. Represent
ative, Senator and Vice President un
der Herbert Hoover. He was or
Capitol Hill 38 years.
He talked about Mexico and somi
of the leisurely customs he founc
there. He discussed Italy and wha
Mussolini is doing.
“Everybody is working there anc
seemed to be happy,” he said, “bui
wages seemed to be low.”
As he talked, he looked out acrosi
a mahogany desk upon a room fur
nished with a cathedral-like dignity
There was a figure of Abraham Lin
coln atop a desk; a bust of George
Washington looked down from atop a
bookcase, a picture of John J. Pershing
and—apart from other furniture, a
chair. An inscription across tht
elaborately carved back read: “To out
Vice President, Charles Curtis.”
“It is a beautiful chair,” he agreed
“it was given me by a Curtis-for
President club in 1928. All hand
carved. They tell me its mahogany."
He let his hand rest on an arm ol
the high-backed chair for a moment.
"But it might be walnut. It doesn’t
amell like walnut, though.”
--•
MILITARY RULES CITY
Cuban Medics’ Meeting in Car
denas Takes Political Turn.
CARDENAS. Cuba, December 31
(/P).—The military took over the city
last night and all persons were or
dered barred from the streets after
midnight after the right wing of the
medical convention outvoted the left
ists and elected Dr. Jose Bisbe, presi
dent.
Twenty-two policemen w’ere dis
charged after the explosion of several
bombs in the city.
The convention of the National
Medical Federation took a decidedly
political turn from the start with the
left and right wings in bitter debate.
25 DIE AS BOAT SINKS
TAMPICO, Mexico, December 31
Mb.—At least 25 women and children
drowned today in the sinking of a
passenger launch in the Panuco River
north of here.
The boat, en route to Tampico,
struck a submerged obstruction as it
pulled into the landing at El Caracol
and sank within a few minutes.
All the men aboard, their number
not determined, were believed to have
reached shore, but the women and
children were swept away in the swift
currents.
SPECIAL NOTICES.
OFFICE OF THE FIREMEN S INSURANCE
Company of Washington and Georgetown.
303 Seventh street northwest. Washington.
D. C. The stockholders of the Firemen's
Insurance Company of Washington and
Georgetown will meet at the office on
MONDAY. January 7. 1935. for the purpose
of electing thirteen directors for the en
suing year. Polls open from 11 a m. to 12
noon. ALBERT W. HOWARD._Secretary.
THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE STOCK
holders of A. S. Pratt & Sons. Inc., will
be held at the offices of the company. 815
15th st. n.w. Washington. D C.. at 11
o'clock a m., on Tuesday January 8. 1935.
_G. C. TRUE. Secretary._
THE ANNUAL MEETING OF THE SHARE
holders of the Home Building Association
for the election of officers and directors
and such other business as may properly
come before the meeting will be held
Tuesday. January 8. 1935. at 7:30 p.m..
at the office of the association. 2000
Pennsylvania Avenue N.W. Books now'
open for subscription to shares of the
59th Series. Payments SI per month per
share.
_JAMES M. WOODWARD. Secretary.
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
American Security & Trust Co. has de
clared a regular dividend of 2 per cent
on Its capital stock of $3.40n.000 payable
January JO. 1935. to the stockholders of
record at the close of business on Decem
ber 31. 1934. The annual meeting of the
stockholders of said company, for the elec
tion of directors for the ensuing year, the
presentation of the annual report of the
president and the transaction of such other
business as may properly come before them,
will be held at the office of the companv
In the city of Washington. D. C. on Tues
day. January 15. 1935. at 12 o'clock noon,
and the polls will be open until 12:30
o’clock o.m. The transfer books of the
company will be closed from January Cth
to the 15th. both da vs included
CORCORAN THOM
FREDERICK P. H. SIDDONsr<,Sldent'
- _ Secretary.
THE ANNUAL MEETING OP THE STOCK
holders of the American Building Associ
ation will be held at the office of the
association. 300 Pennsylvania avenue
southeast, on Thursday. January 3 1935'
between the hours of 2 and 7 o'clock p m '
for the election of officers and directors for
the ensuing year and for the transaction
of such business as may properly come
before the meeting.
CHARLES H. KINDLE.
___Secretary._
NOTICE IS HEREBY GIVEN THAT THE
annual meeting of the stockholders of the
Washington American League Base Ball
Club will be held at the offices of the club.
Base Ball Park. Washington. D. C.. on
Wednesday. January 2. 1935. at 12 o'clock
noon, for the purpose of electing a board
of directors for the ensuing year, and for
such other business as may properly be
brought before said meeting. EDWARD B
EYNON. Jr,. Secretary.
THE ANNUAL MEETING~Op""thE~OTOCK^
holders of the National Savings .nd Trust
Company for the election of directors and
for the transaction of such other business
as may properly come before It will be held
at the office of the company, northeast
corner of 15th street and New York avenue
northwest, on Tuesday. January S. 1935 at
4 o’clock p.m.
H. PRESCOTT GATLEY. President
_E _PERCIVAL WILSON Secretary.
T WILL NOT BE RESPONSIBLE FOR ANY
debts other than my own. THOMAS I.
CHASE. 1338 V st. n.w.. Apt. 21._2*_
DAILY TRIPS MOVING LOADS AND
8art loads to and from Balto.. Phila. and
ew York. Frequent trips to other East
ern cities,_“Dependable Service Since
1898." THE DAVIDSON TRANSFER Sc
STORAGE CO,. Decatur 2500._
WEEKLY TRIPS TO AND FROM BALTI
more: also trips within 24 hours' notice to
any point in United Kates. SMITH'S
TRANSFER & STORAGE CO.. North 3343.
hi hi I W I r A T KEt-AIKS ANU
ELEVw 1 IVIeAE wiring. Electric
Shop on Wheels. Inc., have shops all over
town to serve you. See vour Telephone Di
rectory lor branch nearest you or call Wis
conaln 4821. No job too small or too large.
NO DELIVERIES MADE
TUESDAY. TAX. 1, 1935.
SAMUEL C. PALMER CO.,
1066 WISCONSIN AYE.
GOOD ROOF WORK
~b.y ro°ferfi at moderate
cost. We li eladiy estimate. Call us up!
ROOFING a:C{ V St. N.W.
IVUV1NO COMPANY North 4423.
Some Reasons Why the Nation
? Should Contribute to Capital’s
Maintenance and Upbuilding
An Equitable Obligation Is Based on Nation’s
Great Bounties to States in Which
Capital Does Not Share. ^
THEODORE W. NOYES.
I
This is the fourth of a series
of articles which will present,
with a few omissions and sub
stantial additions, the address
of Theodore W. Noyes on "Fis
cal Equity for Washington" at
the recent Oldest Inhabitants’
dinner.
Yesterday’s article discussed
the obligations based upon pay
ments from local revenues for
national or semi-national pur
poses and upon District’s heavy
payment of national (internal
revenue) taxes.
Nation’s Bounty to States Not Shared
by Capital.
5. Equitable obligation to pay for
Capital upbuilding in lieu of hun
dreds of millions of grants, bounties,
subsidies paid by the Nation to the
States from national tax revenues to
which District contributes more than
any one of half of the States, in a
distribution from which the Capital
has been barred.
Figures in detail, both ot amounts
paid into the Treasury as national
taxes and drawn from the Treasury
in grants, bounties and subsidies by
the District and by the several Slates
in the fiscal year ending June 30, 1931,
are presented in statistical tables in
the booklet prepared by the Citizens’
Joint Committee on District Fiscal
Relations. In an article by George
B. Galloway in Editorial Research Re
ports (January, 1931) the whole sub
ject is thoroughly and ably discusseu.
These figures are shown to emphasize
the numerous and large Federal sub
sidies to the States which are not ex
tended to the District of Columbia,
creating benefits to the States which
are not enjoyed or participated in by
the District.
These figures strongly emphasize
the Nation's obligation to increase
largely its annual payment for Na
tional Capital maintenance and up
building. which has been reduced by
substantive law from 50 per cent to
40 per cent and today by appropriate
practice under the lump-sum payment
plan is only about 17 per cent of the
total appropriation figure for the
District.
Federal Aid Given to the States.
Discussing Federal subsidies to the
States, Mr. Galloway points out that
under its power to appropriate
money for general purposes the Fed
eral Government from its earliest
days ‘'has assumed the responsibil
ity of rendering financial and adminis
trative assistance to the State. The
practice of granting subsidies to the
States from the Federal Treasury be
gan with the land ordinance for the
Northwest Territory in 1785 and has
continued down to the present time.
Congress has made grants to the
States, particularly from the sale of
public lands for schools, roads and
canals. Today the whole field of re
lationship created by these subsidies
is covered in minute regulations
reached by agreement between Stata
and Federal authorities. In recent
years Congress has actually entered
the domain of State and local govern
ment and has created new organs oi
administration which, in a strict
sense, are neither Federal nor State
in character.”
Mr. Galloway points out that from
modest grants of land or money for
the maintenance of public schools, for
universities, for use as seats of gov
ernment or to defray the cost of
erecting public buildings, for reclama
tion or aid to the States in building
canals, to stimulate railroad construc
tion and for internal improvements
the system of Federal aid to the States
hasexpanded until of recent years there
are thirty-one classes of Federal aid
payments made annually at a total cost
to the Federal Government of about
$150,000,000 a year. Except in cases
where the basis of expenditures or
allotments is wholly Federal, it is
generally required that the State must
equal tire expenditures of the Na
tional Government.
Growth of the Subsidy System.
The rapid growth of the Federal aid
system is shown by a comparison of
the payments during the last 20
years, in 1912 this total was approxi
mately $8,000,000. By 1920 it had
risen to $42,000,000, by 1922 to $134,
000,000 and by 1927 to $163,000,000,
the high-water mark of the payments
up to the present time. During the
fiscal years 1920 to 1930, inclusive, Mr.
Galloway points out, Federal aid pay
ments reached the grand total of
$1,453,676,224, almost one and a half
billion dollars. Of this huge sum more
than $833,000,000. or 57 per cent, went
for the co-operative construction of
highways; over $275,000,000, or 19 per
cent, went to the National Guard;
over $64,000,000, or 4.4 per cent, was
devoted to co-operative agricultural
extension work, and an equivalent
nmminf t a nn Anoroiiuo IrAAO tiono 1
education and rehabilitation. These
four activities together accounted
during the period for about 85 per cent
of the Federal aid appropriations.
highway construction being the chief
beneficiary of the system.
Only in the fund for National Guard
is the District of Columbia represented
as being a beneficiary. In article
No. 1 of this series the heavy re
sponsibility of the Nation in respect
to the development of the extraordinary
street plan of Washington is demon
strated. In national aid to highway
construction the highways of the Dis
trict should not have been overlooked.
In the educational, health and gen
eral welfare-promoting subsidies and
the other miscellaneous items of
donation the District was also in
equity entitled to participate.
Paid to and by United States.
The same inequality in this distribu
tion of the Federal revenue is shown as
has been indicated in the collection of
that revenue. In fiscal discussion it
has been found of interest to compare
what Washington pays into and re
ceives from the National Treasury
with what is similarly paid into and
received from the National Treasury
by some of the States.
Table B. Statistical Booklet of the
Citizens’ Joint Committee on Fiscal
Relations, using the figures of 1031,
show's that 11 States, aggregating
less combined internal revenue taxes
than the District, received more in
subsidies than they paid in taxes—
some of them much more. Three of
these States received more than six
times as much in subsidies as they
paid in taxes. Two received more
than three times as much; two more
than twice as much and three approxi
mately one and one-half times as
much as they paid. The District’s re
ceipts (the lump sum) were only 65
per cent of Its nations! tax payments.
The lump sum payment Is not a
subsidy but the just payment of an
equitable obligation, though treated as
a subsidy in these comparisons. The
constitutionality of the subsidies to the
States has been vigorously attacked,
but the constitutionality of national
payments to meet the national obli
gation in respect to the seat of gov
ernment has never been questioned.
Emergency-Relief Subsidies Under the
New Deal.
The employment-relief policy of the
administration, the aim of which has
been to grant or to lend money to
States, and municipalities for employ
ment-creating enterprises, has included
the District of Columbia, and the Dis
trict has shared modestly in some of
the distributions.
Prom July, 1832, to May, 1933, the
Reconstruction Finance Corp. ad
vanced $300,000,000 for relief pur
poses to the States,'to Hawaii and
to Puerto Rico. Originally intended
to be repaid by deductions from fu
ture Federal highway grants. Congress
later eliminated the required repay
ment, making grants out of the ad
vances (except a small amount loaned
to cities). The District was not per
mitted to share in the distribution of
such grants.
Between May 23. 1933, and October
31. 1934. the District shared in the
direct-grant policy of the Federal
Emergency Relief Administration, nor
mal community needs having been ag
gravated in the meantime by the fact
that this is the National Capital and
that extraordinary numbers of tran
sients were attracted here. During the
period in which the F. E. R. A. was dis
tributing*!,337,488,226 to the States for
relief the District received *7,789.562,
an amount exceeded by 39 of the
States. For the United States as a
whole the Federal Government fur
nished 65.6 per cent, the States (in
cluding cities) having furnished 34.4
per cent. The District’s contribution
was 32.7, almost equal to the total
average and higher than the average
for cities alone (20.3 per cent). More
than half the States received a greater
percentage of Federal funds than the
District. The need for local relief funds
is indicated in the extraordinary fact
that an estimated 15 per cent of the
District’s population is on the relief
rolls. Forty per cent of the Negro
population of the city is now receiv
ing relief, and 4 per cent of the white
population.
In C. W. A. relief the District re
ceived $5,587,180 out of the $812,
157,704 distributed for this purpose.
Much of the work done was under the
supervision of Federal authorities, in
the improvement of Federal property,
done without regard to municipal
needs.
Up to November 1, 1934, the Agri
cultural Adjustment Administration
paid to the farmers of the land, in
rental and benefits, some $421,697.
389 The District, which paid into
the United States Treasury for the
fiscal year ending June 30. 1934. about
$326,635 in special processing taxes
from which the payments were made,
did not share in the distribution of
benefit payments.
Permitted to Share Road Fund.
The National Government made a
welcome departure from previous pol
icy when it included the District in its
emergency distribution for highway
improvement, the District, on the
basis of the distribution formula (area
and population and mileage of rural
mall delivery routes) receiving $2,892.
311 of the $600,000,000 distributed.
This was the first time in 18 years of
Federal highway aid that the District
was included. The amount received
was less than that received by any of
45 of the States.
The District has not fared as well
under the lending program of the
Public Works Administration. Al
though Congress authorized the Dis
trict to borrow about $10,000,000, the
Public Works Administration has
loaned the District only $7,259,500—
more than a million of which w as. de
ducted for repayment from the cur
rent year’s lump sum. after being ac
cepted by the Commissioners with the
understanding that it was a grant
The repayment of 70 per cent of the
loan is secured by a clause in the
authorizing act which earmarks 10
cents of the tax rate to assure pay
ment of not less than a million dol
lars a year. The District’s loans of
$7,259,000 may be compared with
$798,985,383 of non-Federal projects
loaned or given as grants to the States
and municipalities.
vi grams ror federal projects total
ing about $1,145,000,000. some $31,
000,000 has been granted for Federal
projects In the District. This money
has been used chiefly in the Federal
building program. In this connec
tion, most of the money appropriated
for public buildings in the District is
said to go into the States for pur
chase and fabrication of materials.
In an unofficial estimate of the distri
bution of funds for the new Depart
ment of Commerce, Post Office and
Interstate Commerce Commission
Buildings, it was revealed that only
$3,000,000 of a total of $21,000,000
spent on these structures was spent in
Washington. The remainder was
shared by 28 of the States, which
supplied or fabricated the material, or
the railroads which transported the
material.
The Public Works Administration
authorities contend that it Is impos
sible to break down the great relief
expenditures by States. Some of the
projects, such as irrigation, reclama
tion, flood control, river and harbor
improvement, Tennessee Valley im
provement, and even the building of
warships for the Navy, are spread in
benefits over great areas, and the re
ceipts of such expenditures are shared
among the people of many of the
States. The expenditure of New Deal
billions has been beneficial in Wash
ington, as elsewhere, in providing some
employment, although Washington has
an acute relief problem of its own
which continues to be serious and
which is proving a heavy burden on
local revenues.
These, however, are emergency ex
penditures. Under normal expendi
tures the District is slighted in re
spect to the distribution of bounties,
subsldiea and grants which are shared
by the States and denied to the Dis
trict. There is a real and continuing
obligation by the National Government
to contribute to the maintenance and
development of its National Capital
which arises from the normal policy of
eliminating the District from partic
ipation in the distribution of such
grants and benefits.
A Just Policy to the District Is Urged.
Loans and donations to the States
and the District under the New Deal,
actually made as well as authorized,
are not yet in shape to be definitely
and finally calculated and compared.
If the District contribution to na
tional taxes continues to be greater
than the contribution of any one of
half of the States; greater than the
contribution of nine or ten of the
States combined and more per capita
than all of the States except seven or
eight, the District taxpayers' contribu
tion, when the time comes to repay the
billions in loans made to the United
States to enable it to grant the sub
sidies to the States, will be something
staggering and startling.
On the other hand, the dispensers of
New Deal subsidies have in a measure
recognized the equity of classing the
District among the States in distrib
uting these subsidies. The District
people would have to pay the national
taxes, however large they may become,
whether or not they share in this dis
tribution. They are, therefore, grate
fully appreciative of this recognition
and of the opportunity to participate
with the States In the emergency dis
tribution and hope that similar rec
ognition of the District's equity will
follow in the'case of other classes of
fiscal discrimination In the past, in
cluding those which have been dis
cussed in these articles.
From recognition of the right to
participate like a State in the dis
tribution of donations and loans, the
District Is encouraged to hope for rec
ognition by the Nation of the national
equitable obligation as by far the
largest District real estate owner
(untaxed); as the despotic controller
of the seat of Government and as the
recipient of more national taxes from
the District than from 24 of the
States. We hope that recognition of
these equities will be followed by some
measure of reimbursement as by In
creasing, equitably and substantially,
the annual lump sum payment, if that
appropriatlve practice Is still retained.
The Nation, under the New Deal,
has been quick to recognize every con
ceivable obligation to the States and
to assume many new ones, liberally
appropriating thousands of millions to
meet them. We hope that in following j
these precedents the Nation will also
recognize and meet those just and con
tinuing obligations toward the District
which have been discussed in these
articles and for which we are urgently
petitioning.
Tomorrow's article will discuss
the obligation of the local taxpay
ers to contribute toward mainte
nance of the Capital and the yard
stick with which the comparative
tax burdens of cities can be most
accurately measured.
A. A. A. EXPECTS TO PAY
FARMERS $476,000,000
3,000.000 Growers Estimated
Beady to Beceivc Bental and
Benefit Checks in 1935.
By the Associated Press.
The A. A. A. estimates that $476,
000,000 in rental and benefit payments
will go in 1935 to more than 3.000,000
farmers who co-operate for a "con
trolled expansion of production.”
The Farm Administration predicted
that $88,600,000 will be allotted to cot
ton. $54,600,000 to wheat. $249,800,000
to corn-hogs. $32,000,000 to tobacco.
$47,000,000 to sugar and $4,000,000 to
peanuts. These amounts include pay
ments still due on 1934 adjustment
programs and part of the payments
to be made on new projects.
"Present indications are that the
1935 income from the sale of farm
products, plus rental and benefit pay-;
ments. will show some advance over
the 1934 level.” the A. A. A. said.
"The extefit of the advance, however,
depends on the rate of further increase
in industrial activity, a rise in national!
income and a recovery of foreign
markets.”
CHICAGO WOMAN SLAIN,
POLICE SEEK HUSBAND
‘‘I Did It to End Her Misery,”
Beads Note Found in Sick
Boom of Victim.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, December 31.—Mrs. Isa
bella Hartz, 34, was found dead last
night in her north side home, a cord
knoted about her neck and her
skull crushed with a flatiron.
Police said they found a note in
the house, presumably written by a
man. in which he said he was “going
east.” They immediately began a
search for the woman’s husband, Wal
ter J. Hartz.
The note read: “I am sorry, but I
did it to end her misery,” and con
cluded with a hint at suicide.
The presence of medicine bottles,
pills and powders in the room was
explained by Dr. Elizabeth B. Morrill,
who said she had been treating Mrs.
Hartz for a cardiac ailment.
ASKS LEGISLATION
Roosevelt’s Support Sought
for Eight-Point Pro
gram.
•—i\
By the Associated Press.
The American Civil Liberties Union
forwarded to President Roosevelt to
day an outline of eight legislative pro
posals for which it asked administra
tion support. ■
Describing them as dealing with
“fundamentals of liberty on which
Democratic processes rest,” the organ
ization’s memorandum offered the co
operation of all the groups Interested
In the proposals In framing necessary
legislation.
The recommendations were:
“1. To clear up present confusion
over labor’s rights by outlawing com
pany-controlled unions; by requiring
employers to enter into contractural
relations with unions representing a
majority of the employes, and by lodg
ing final power of decision in the Na
tional Labor Relations Board.
Would Unionize Farm Hands.
‘‘2. To bring agricultural workers,
now without protection, under the
provisions for collective bargaining
like other wage workers.
"3. To urge an investigation by a
committee of the Senate of the so
called vigilantes and other lawless
elements which have attacked strik
ers, raided their quarters, destroyed
their property without rebuke or pro
ceedings against them by local or
Federal officials.
“4. To amend our present restric
tive immigration laws to admit to the
United States political and religious
refugees from foreign tyrannies.
“5. We urge upon you the principle
providing equal facilities on all radio
stations for the advocates and oppo
nents of any public issue in precisely
the same way as candidates for public
office are now permitted to have equal
access to these facilities.
Anti-Lynch Bill Urged.
”6. Three years ago Congress changed
the system under which matter im
ported from abroad is controlled. In
place of censorship by custom officials,
decisions are now made by judges or
juries in the Federal courts. The sys
tem has worked admirably. We uige
that it be extended to the Post Office
Department, since juries are a fairer
means for determining the public atti
tude on ‘ohscenity’ or ‘sedition’ than
a single solicitor of the department.
‘‘7. We urge that the administra
tion back a bill to permit Federal
prosecution of lynchers where State
officials fail to act.
"8. We urge the replacement of
Navy rule by civilian administrations
in all American colonies, with forms
of civil government. Similarly we
urge the appointment of natives as
Governors in order to minimize the
effects of unsympathetic rule by
aliens.”
——-•-.
TWO PRIESTS DEAD
AT ST. JOSEPH’S
Funeral Held for Brother Andrew,
Former St. John's President,
and Brother Fabrician.
Brother Andrew, 74, teacher of
mathematics and accounting at St.
Joseph's Normal Institute in Ammen
dale, Md, and former president of
St. John's College here, and Brother
Fabrician, 78, teacher of literature
and philosophy, died there Friday.
Brother Andrew before he joined
in 1883 the Order of Christian Broth
ers, one of the teaching orders of the
Roman Catholic Church, was Robert
P, Brennan. He leaves two sisters and
two brothers in Ireland, where he was
Dorn.
Brother Fabrician, who naa been
connected with the order since the
age of 6. was born in Brooklyn. N.Y.,
as John R. Delaney. He is survived
by a nephew. Lieut. James Delaney,
[J. S. N., retired, of Westmont, N. j.
Brother Andrew, who had been at
Ammendale for about five years, and
Brother Fabrician, who had lived
there for the last 10. had been 111
for some time and they died only
a few hours apart. Brother Andrew
had been seriously ill a week from
a stroke. Brother Fabrician died of
a heart attack.
In their long lives of service, both
men had taught in Rockhill Col
lege at Ellicott City, Md., which
ramed down recently; at Calvert Hall
College in Baltimore, at St. Thomas'
College in Scranton and in St. John's
College in Washington. Brother An
drew served as president of St. John's
from 1910 to 1913.
Funeral services were conducted in
the Normal School chapel Saturday
by Rev. Austin Flemming, chaplain.
Burial was in the institution's ceme
tery.
Objectives for 74th Congress
Outlined by Byrns and Snell
Speaker-to-Be Declares
Session Will Unify
Democrats.
ttc.iresentative Joseph W. burns,
Te...itsue Democrat, who is considered
certain to be Speaker of the House
in the Stvr.ntv-lourth Congress, open
ing Thursday, has written for the Asso
• dated Press the following pre-view of
the jfjJion.
BY JOSEPH W. BYRNS.
(Copyright, 1»34, by the Associated Press.)
The many big problems that are the
job of the Seventy-fourth Congress
will make it one of the outstanding
sessions in history.
There is no
doubt in my mind
either but that
the outcome will
serve to weld the
Democratic party
into a unified
whole.
Many things
that the new
Congress must
settle will be con
troversial. Some
may cause ex
tended and wide
spread debate.
Representative Bjrni ®ut *n *^e end
the Democrats,
who have such overwhelming control
in both the House and Senate, will
work together.
A glance at some of the problems
in store show the broad scope of the
necessary work.
Relief Is Uppermost.
There is, probably, at the top of the
list the question of relief. Since the
depression started and our party took
control the Federal Government has
assumed the leadership in this ques
tion, following a President who de
creed—and wisely—that none should
starve.
But that system cannot be continued
forever. Business is improving and
things generally are looking up. It
will be one of our tasks to determine
whether and how to taper off the Fed
eral Government's activities.
Social Legislation Pressing.
In that tapering off we approach
another of our biggest problems—
social legislation. All sorts of job
insurance and old-age pension plans
are proposed, and there will be others.
The Seventy-fourth Congress must
decide which of the many plans will
be most satisfactory, and which should
be enacted, if any. That decision
must be reached after mature con
sideration of all the factors involved.
Another big job. of course, will be
extending some of the benefits that
went to industry and labor under
temporary phases of the national in
dustrial recovery act. Some call for
a continuation of codes, some plead
for extension of the collective bargain
ing features of the recovery act.
These are but a few of the major
questions ahead. The Seventy-fourth
Congress will be competent to find
correct answers to them.
G. O. P. Leader Believes
Social Legislation Is
Major Job.
Revrrsenta*ive Bertrand H. Sr.ell of
Nrw York, regarded as the probable
choice for Republican leader in the
House, which convenes next Thursday.
tells in the following article, written for
the Associated Press, his opinion of hit
partg'i /unction during the icAion.
BY BERTRAND H. SNELL.
(Copvnuht. 11134, by the Associsted Press.)
The Republicans In the new House
lack any intention of becoming ob
structionists and opposing legislative
proposals simply because they are ad
vanced by the
opposition party.
Numtr ically,
we are in a mi
nority. But we
represent 46 per
cent of the peo
ple who voted In
the last election.
As r e p r e sent
atives of that 46
per cent. we
have a duty to
perform.
Many things of
far-reaching na
ture will be pro
posed. Some will
reach a vote on the House floor.
Many will not. All should be sub
jected to a test of merit, pure and
simple.
Will Vest Each Measure.
In a few words, our program and
our duty will be to judge each issue
and each legislative proposition, on
Its merits—and then act accordingly.
If we decide that it is for the best
interests of the country as a whole,
we will support it. regardless of where
it originated. If we conclude that
it would be harmful, we will oppose it.
There will be, for instance, social
legislation. Personally, and speaking
; for myself only, I have believed for
! years that there should be some form
of job insurance.
To my mind, however, job insur
ance should be a three-way plan—
employer, employe and State gov
ernment. The Federal Government
should not take part except, pos
sibly, in a supervisory capacity. My
own State of New York alrcrdy has
an old-age pension act.
Opposes Inflation.
At all events, we must guard
against plans for unlimited currency
Inflation, which -would work a hard
ship on all thft wage earners In the
Nation. We must guard against fur
ther tinkering with our monetary
system.
We should try, as rapidly as pos
sible, to get the Government out of
business, to reduce Its “emergency”
expenditures, and to restore it to a
sound financial basis. We cannot
continue indefinitely, without dire
effects, to spend money we do not
have.
SOROPTIMISTS TO HEAR
SENATOR L. J. DICKINSON
Iowan Will Be Honor Guest at
Triple Installation Banquet
of Officers.
Senator L. J. Dickinson of Iowa
will be honor guest and speaker Sat
urday night at the triple installation
banquet of the oflicers of the Wash
ington, Montgomery County and Bal
timore Soroptimist clubs at the Wil
lard Hotel. This includes all of the
South Atlantic region.
Miss Marjorie Webster of Washing
ton, Miss Blanche Corwin of Mont
gomery County and Miss Laura
Woodward of Baltimore will be in
stalled as presidents, with their at
tendant officers.
Mrs. Edna Knight Gasch of the
Washington Club will be toastmistress
and Mrs. Jean Bennett, regional di
rector of the South Atlantic region
of the American Federation of So
roptimist Clubs, will install the of
ficers. Invocation will be given by
J. George Carl of Baltimore. Erna
Embrey will sing several selections.
-——•
Ecuadorean Revenues Soar.
Government revenues in Ecuador
are much greater than a year ago.
“.See Etz and Sec BetterM
A constantly increasing
clientele, gained through
satisfactory work, entitles
our services to your con
sideration when you are
thinking of getting
glasses.
ETZ
Optometrists
1217 G St. N.W.
Your Last
Chance to
JOIN
PI «
Hal_
1935
Cfjrtstmasf
Club
11 ' w
r *
11 ii i
Enrollments
Close on Saturday
January 5
A dollar a week is
little to pay for a
h a p p y, carefree
Christmas day.
^=——==3
American Security A Trust Co
Anacostia Bank
Bank of Commerce A Savings
City Bank
Columbia National Bank
East Washington Savings Bank
Hamilton National Bank
*
Liberty National Bank
Lincoln National Bank
McLachlen Banking Corporation
Munsey Trust Co.
National Bank of Washington
National Savings A Trust Co.
Riggs National Bank
Second National Bank
Security Savings & Com’l Bank
Union Trust Co.
Washington Loan & Trust Co.
District of Columbia
Bankers Association
r
»
Turn vour old
.rinkets, jewelery 1
and watches into MONEY at
A. 3(ahn Jnc.
Arthur J. Sundlun, Pres.
42 YEARS at 935 F STREET
I
A Letter to the Nezv York Times
MUNICIPAL ELECTRIC PLANT.
Proposal Is Called Unwarranted Use of
Taxpayers’ Money.
T* tin Miter •/ f»« K*v York ffmti:
Commissioner Davidson made an Im
passioned radio plea to save the city and
the nation through lower rates for
electricity. Why such bunk when s 50
per cent saving to ths average house
holder would be no more than 5 cents a
day—the price of a morning and eve
ning New York newspaper? Why not
devote hie time and efforts to more
efficient management of what the city
now operates—for example, the elimina
tion of the recent 50 per cent surcharge
on city water rates?
He spoke in glowing terms of the elec
tric rate pronouncements of ths Tennes
see Valley Authority and the New York
Power Authority. Did it ever occur to
him that their pronouncements are
purely theoretical? TVA has been in
operation for almost a year but no oper
ating statements have been made pub
lic. Why not an audit by certified pub
lic accountants to get at the real facts?
This Is compulsory for private com
panies.
Mr. Davidson promises that his munic
ipal plant wilt save money for the city
after five or six years. What excuse
bss he to add to the taxpayers' burden
now? How can he honestly promise a
saving six years from now when he does
not even know he will be in office? How
does he know that bis successor will not
be a butcher, a baker or a candlestick
maker? To tho victors belong the
spoils in our form of government, and
worse selections lor office have been
known to satisfy political party debts.
* Why all this nation-wide ballyhoo about
electric service rates, anyhow? What other
industry can boast such a steady and uninter
rupted downward revision of prices for what
it sells? Is it conceivable that every one of the
thousands of officers of these utilities is dis
honest, as some politicians would have us
believe? If not, would not at least one of these
have caused rates to be as low as the promises
of the politician? Practically all States have
rcfulatory commissions. Is it conceivable that
aU of these Heeled officials and appointees are
dishonest? If not, why has not at least one of
these Slate commissions caused electric rates
to he as low as the proponents of polilieat
ownership and operation now promise? Isn’t
it about time to ftt buck b common sense on
this whole issue? ~
Can it be that all this attack on the
electric utility industry for lower rates
if m a Mlflfh bid tor votu? Whit
wHI happen when tho peoplo learn that
ft Is just a smoko screen to cover up
the reckless expenditure and waste of
political mismanagement in general?
DISGUSTED CITIZEN.
Now York. Dm. 34, 1184.
This letter is reprinted because it clearly expresses
some of the fundamentals of this problem which have
i been entirely overlooked and forgotten by those in
official places and others who have been occupying the
pages of the papers and the time of the radio.
This advertisement is paid lor by the American Security Owners
Association with funds supplied by a discouraged owner of publio
utility securities.
LAWYERS’ BRIEFS I
RISH PRINTING
BYRON S. ADAMS
~fj/cv*8ixppeint''
I1IIM1I1I1II1I1III1IM
M acenturyofservicetowashingtonianS p
j CONFIDENCE (
1 THROUGH I
I THE GENERATIONS i|
= For three generations members of j§
= the King family have built their §
=2 business on confidence—confidence §
= that only the finest fuel and the p
| highest type of heating service are H
= good enough to meet the needs of =§
p their customers. Call us today for p
g prompt courteous delivery of freshly p
g screened uniformly sized anthracite. j g
p Just Phone Us— ‘ p
= District 8223 j p
I WILLIAM KING (Si SON 1
1 COAL MERCHANTS
= ' ESTABLISHED ISS8 S
^ > H51 ISth STREET 2$01 K STREET i ||
For the accommodation of
our customers, we will re
main open until 9:30 p.m.
today.
Corsage Bouquets
Shoulder Bouquets
and
Wrist Bouquets
1407 H St. N.W.

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