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CONGRESS ISSUE Political Importance In volved in Delegating Power Over Funds. BY DAVID LAWRENCE. Congress is beginning to wonder Just how specific it must be in au thorizing the spending of public Xunds. There can be no doubt that the Supreme Court's 8-to-l decision has profoundly affected the lawmakers. For the question of how far Con gress can delegate power to the Executive had never really been passed upon by the Supreme Court before, j In other words, all the laws dele gating power in the past have been upheld. Judges in the lower courts, therefore, have hesitated to declare any act of Congress invalid on the general ground that the legislative body had no right to pass over its functions to another branch of the Government. Now, however, with a pronounce ment of the Supreme Court stating that there are limits to the dele gation of power, questions will arise as to whether the spending of money can be made absolutely within the discretion of the Chief Executive, ■which, in actual practice, means the thousand and one executive officers who really administer the laws of the land in the name of the President. Lower Courts' Guide. The lower courts henceforth will have a general rule to guide them. And it is apparently not sufficient just for a declaration of policy to be made by Congress. Specific powers, or, at least, a specific indication of the broad limits of policy, will have to be written into the new laws by Congress if the Supreme Court is to uphold them as constitutional. The problem of spending public fundi is as old as democracy itself. The theory has been that the execu tive and legislative branches were either responsible together, as in Great Britain, or responsible separately, as under the American Constitution. But nowhere in the American system has there been any previous justification for the granting of power to spend as the executive branch might decide on the spur of the moment. During war time, the executive did. of course, spend without regard to specific lim its or particular phrasing of a statute, but no acts were questioned in the courts. Control of the budget has long been the method by which the people, through their chosen representatives, have placed a check upon the acts of an executive in parliamentary coun tries. The national emergency growing out of the depression has led Congress to abandon its practice of crossing every "t" and dotting every "i" in an ap propriation bill. As a matter of fact, Congress has in the past exercised so much detailed control as to make the task of administration extremely diffi cult. The cry in recent years, even before the depression, was that more business efficiency would be obtained if Congress bestowed on executive bu reaus some discretion. Specific Use of Funds. But when Congress virtually abdi cated tn favor of the executive de partment and passed general grants for such things as "public works'" without defining the term, the execu tive bureau began to use the money for everything from raking leaves to making theoretical studies of the cost of coal as contrSstèd with water power In generating electricity. If Congress wants such a study made, it can au thorize it at any time and vote the funds. But it is questionable whether the executive bureaus can use public works money for anything they may arbitrarily define as "public works," even though their motive is honest and their purpose is socially beneficial. The Supreme Court has said, in deed, that the Congress must be spe cific when it issues its instructions to the executive branch of the Govern ment, but this, on the other hand, does not mean that every detail must be inserted. The limits are recog nizable and definable. It is the ab sence of any marking of limits or any definitions of what is or is not an ex penditure intended by Congress that is causing considerable discussion to day as to the President's request for blanket authority to disburse about $4,000,000,000 for unemployment re lief. It is not difficult nowadays to prove that almost any expenditure has a relationship to the employment prob lem. But it is doutbful if this vague language is sufficient. Certainly, with the experience gained in nearly two years under the New Deal it is argued that Congress can be more informa tive in its Instructions to the execu tive bureaus as to how it wishes its policies carried out. Political Importance. There is a political Importance to this subject which might not crop out immediately. If Congress grants a general authority to the executive department to spend as it pleases, and if the people disapprove of the spending on particular items, they cannot very well hold an individual Representative or Senator responsi ble for the injurious results. But, If specific paragraphs are included and a member of Congress is recorded as for or against these clauses, the people have an opportunity to fix the re sponsibility in future elections. The lump-sum idea has many ad vantages and, under a benevolent dictatorship, it may find supporters, but abdicating the function of de fining the limits and purposes of the •pending of public funds is a prece dent, of course, that could be abused In times when the purposes were not beneficial. The Supreme Court has to consider all angles when it sanc tions a grant of power. A simple majority vote could transfer the re sponsibility or "pass the buck" to the Executive, thus avoiding a concrete expression on various items in an appropriation bill. The Congress and the Executive may agree at this ses sion on a lump sum, but it begins to look as if some limits or defini tions will be Inserted for the guidance of the executive bureaus. (Copyright. 1935.) RAMSPECK WILL SEEK WIDER CIVIL SERVICE All Postmasterships and All Agen cies of Government Would Be Included. Representative Ramspeck, Demo crat, of Georgia, prospective chairman of the House Civil Service Commit tee, expects to press legislation to extend civil service to all postmaster ships, and all regular Government agencies, he said in a statement today. Rams peck's statement was Issued In connection with the observance of the fifty-second anniversary of the passage of the civil service act, which the American Federation of Govern ment Employes is sponsoring January 13-1». ! I What's What Behind News In Capital Hull's #4,000 New Car Request Raises Furore on Inequality. BY PAUL MALLON. THE biggest social, financial and moral question inside the New Deal now is why State Secre tary Hull is going to get $4,000 for a new auto and Agriculture Secretary Wallace is only allowed $1,500. No one cares about the $4,000,000,000 deficit, the $34,000,000,000 public debt or even the Lindbergh case when the inner circle closes the outer door and considers the grave consequences of class distinction, disclosed in the budget allowances for cabinet cars. You-will need a lorgnette to find the root of this issue in President Roosevelt's budget message, but it is there and it is not merely a question of Hull versus Wallace. Madame Perkins has allowed her self a modest $3,500, apparently for some sort of modest new model, and furthermore there appears to have been collusion between Madame Perkins and Attorney General Cummings, for he has made a budget claim for a new car for exactly the same amount. It would not be so bad if the cabinet cars were not always lined up to gether outside the same teas, dinners, diplomatic receptions, and in Mr. Roosevelt's driveway on cabinet meet ing days. Then the foul budgetary play would not be so apparent. There would be no opportunity for com parison between the inferior shay Mr. Wallace will get for $1,500 and the elegant plush chariots anticipated by Messrs. Hull and Cummings and Madame Secretary. have difficulty finding a chauffeur who will bear the constant snub he will get from the other chauffeurs, for. after all. a few thousand dollars in automobiles makes a lot of differ ence to chauffeurs as well as cabinet officers. And the difference may be even greater than in the cited figures because each official will be per mitted to turn in his own car on the new one. Hence, the plush trio may look forward to $5,000 cars, while the best that poor Mr. Wallace can expect will probably, be $2,000. In all seriousness, you can readily see a five to two ratio like that rather makes a permanent inferior of Mr. Wallace. The other Cabinet officers appar ently have only an academic interest in the matter. At least they did not mention any new cars in their budgets. They will use the old cars inherited from their predecessors or purchased earlier in the New Deal. Let scoffers remember that the Gov ernment furnishes cars to all high officials because they are needed in business, and some of the cars are getting old. Mr. Hull's, for instance, is five years old. Hia turn-in conse quently ■wiW be tes. Mr. Cummings' is four years old, but the age of the others is not stated. However, it is not true that the new 15,000 machines in contempla tion are going to be circus wagons cr red, white and blue limousines. Nor are they to be outfitted with calliopes. Those are false rumors. They are to be just the ordinary $5,000 vehicles, with simple radios, silver cigarette trays and the other ordineary necessities of cabinet motoring life. That does not alter the seriousness of dangerous social distinctions, and the latest word from the fuming front is that Mr. Roosevelt, or at least Louis Howe, may take the situation in hand. There is a probability that Messrs. Hull and Cummings and Madame Sec retary will be curtailed to $2,000 cars, or Wallace will be ordered to take a $5,000 one, whether he wants it or not. uarner g aianu. The one ray of hopeful light under the hood of this auto situation is ! being offered by Vice President Gar ner. You may recall he declined to use a Government car as Speaker of the House. He accepted one as Vice President, but in the new budget he has recommended that the appropria tion for its operation be cut from $9,000 a year to $4,000. The explana tion apparently is that the Vice Pres ident does not care to take his official car back to Uvalde during the recesses oi Congress. Another suggestion of a hopeful ray has been worked out by Treasury Secretary Morgenthau. He uses a Government-bought car here person ally, but he has ordered use by minor Treasury officials of confiscated boot legger and rum-running cars. When in New York, his associates say he has been known to use the seized car of Owney Madden or one of the other ex-big shots which has bullet-proof glass. All the insiders below the highest one are trying to And out who is going to head the new employment program set-up for Mr. Roosevelt. Apparently none of them (Messrs. Ickes, Hopkins, et al.) has an inkling. It means much to them because Hopkins' Job is being abolished and Ickes will lose the P. W. A. under the new set-up. The best guess still is that both Hopkins and Ickes will be αρ· pointed on a board with others to handle the funds and that Frank Walker or some one of his pacific type will be made chairman to maintain peace. Friends of your old pal, Gen. John son, have been mentioning his name for chairman, but he has said he would not accept another Government Job. A way to keep the cabinet from breaking up over the auto issue may be found in Mr. Hopkins' recent re ceipt of information that his unem ployed boys in Florida are rounding up wild horses which were tame when abandoned after the realty boom exploded. As no one knows what to do with them, they might be sent up here for cabinet officers to ride. War Secretary pern Is one officer who got a new car last year, but It only cost $2,500, which leaves him little better off than Wallace. Literateurs liked the style of the dissenting opinion of Supreme Court Justice Cardoza to the oil case. It was reminiscent of that brilliant dis senter, retired Justice Holmes. Car doza Is expected to come nearer fill ing Holmes' toga than any one else on the bench. (Oôpyrich'W 103 6.ί ·« ψ Speaker D. C. OSTEOPATHS TO HEAR NATIONAL SECRETARY. DR. R. C. McCAUGHAN Of Chicago, executive secretary of the American Osteopathic Associa tion, who will address a dinner meeting of the District and Balti more group tomorrow at 5 p.m. at 1412 I street. He will discuss the need of an ostéopathie hospital and sanitarium here. HOEPPEL MAY GET WAR CLAIMS POST House Democrats to Caucus Today on Elevating Noted Irregular. By the Associated Press. House Democrats will caucus late today to consider elevating their most irregular member — Representative Hoeppel of California—to the chair manship of the War Claims Commit tee. It hasn't met in more than two years. Hceppel's name, along with those of 42 other proposed committee chair men. was to be presented to the caucus for approval by the Democratic members of the Ways and Means Committee. There was some talk early in the day that attempts might be made to keep Hoeppel and some other party "irregulars," from getting the jobs and the patronage that goes with them. Opposed Administration. In the last Congress Hoeppel voted against more administration bills than any other member of his party. Once or twice. Democrats asked him why he did not move over to the Re publican side of the aisle. And Hoeppel promised today that "chairmanship or no chairmanship, I'll continue to vote my convictions." There was additional talk prior to the caucus about Representative White of Idaho, who has been In Congress just two years, but who was chosen by the Ways and Means Demo crats to run the important Irrigation and Reclamation Committee. White also, some recalled, voted against the administration in a number of cases. Leadership Fight Arises. An undercover fight over the party leadership post—now held by Repre sentative Bankhead, who is ill—was also reported today by the Alabaman's friends. A move to get Bankhead to lay down his party reins because of his health, they said, had been started by some backers of the contestants he defeated. It was authoritatively learned Bank head, whose condition was reported to be much improved, has no intention oi resigning. MAN HIT BY TROLLEY IN SERIOUS CONDITION X-Rays to Be Taken at Emer gency Hospital to Determine if Skull Is Fractured. Franklin C. Jackson. 68, 1424 Mas sachusetts avenue, was in a serious condition today in Emergency Hospital from injuries received yesterday when struck by a street car near Thomas Circle. He was said to be suffering from rib fractures, a dislocated shoulder and brain concussion. X-rays were to be taken today to determine whether he has a skull fracture. Wilfred Jones. 32. 1400 block of Hamlin street northeast, yesterday was held for action of the grand jury by a coroner's jury to the traffic death Of Roger Du Bois, 30, of Perndale, Mich. Du Bois was fatally injured September 16 in a collision at Fourth and Κ streets northeast while a pas senger In Jones' car. James Leaver ette, 30, of Glen Echo Heights, Md.. was driver of a taxlcab involved in the collision. WOMAN MYSTERIOUSLY INJURED IS IMPROVED Interior Department Employe Un able to Recall How She Was Hurt. Mysteriously injured yesterday in front of the F street entrance to the Interior Building, Mrs. Arnela R. Harding, 30. of the Gordon Hotel, was reported Improved today in Emer gency Hospital. Mrs. Harding is suffering from bruises and cuts about the head. According to police, she apparently had fallen or been struck by an au· tomoblle, but said she could not recall how she was hurt. Mrs. Harding is employed In the Investigation Di vision, Interior Department. Emergency Council Division Presents Criticism of Code Policy. Br the Associated Près*. A slx-polnt criticism of N. R. A. code price-fixing was presented to the Recovery Administration today by the consumers' division of the National Emergency Council. It summarized information received from 150 Consumers' Councils through out the country and was presented at N. R. A.'s hearing on the entire Blue Eagle price policy. The six conclusions drawn from the reports by Donald R. Richberg's coun cil, which said It had not Injected its own analysis, were: "1. In codes providing for prlce-flx ing there are numerous violations, suf ficient in many Instances to defeat en tirely the purpose of the provision. Spread Held Unauthorbed. "2. Price fixing is more widespread than specific code provisions authorize. "3. High prices for particular com modities have discouraged consump tion or have diverted buyers to an alternative and perhaps Inferior method of satisfying wants. "4. The consumers' option of re fusal to buy when prices are not right Is not an adequate protection and. when exercised, it defeats the purpose of the act to get consumers to buy more goods. "5. Price fixing does not permit the results of efficient management to be passed on to consumers in the form of lower prices. "6. In many cases of threatened or actual destructive competition, price fixing has not proved to be a desirable, effective or practical solution." U. 8. Ownership Feared. A warning that continued price con trols In Ν R. A. codes may lead to Government ownership was laid be fore business men last night by Paul H. Nystrom. representing the Nation's huge 5 and 10 cent stores. 'Price fixing," said Nystrom, "marks the end of competition and the begin ning of monopoly. "If the right to fix prices be granted to private business, the interests of the public, not merely of the consumers, but of all the business world as well, will be seriously at stake. "Those interests must be con served "The only possible protection for the public against unreasonable prices will be close and effective Government supervision and control over prlce flxing organizations. "1/ Government supervision and control of price fails—and we are not sure it can succeed—the State must itself take over the ownership and operation of industry. "There are no other alternatives. "These alternatives are not theoreti cal; they are practical and actual." OHIO STEEL MILLS INCREASE BUSINESS Hearths and Furnaces Mirror Bed Lights of Prosperity Along Skyline. Br the Associated Près*. CLEVELAND. January 10—Steel operations in Ohio took another big bound upward today under the In fluence of expanding activity In the automotive Industry and Improvements In business generally. At Youngstown, the rate of produc tion was lifted to 58 per cent, a gain of 6 points Irom the first of the week. and plans were made for additional increases before the end of the month. At Lorain, the National Tube Co. announced it would have three blast furnaces in operation next week for the first time since 1930. Cleveland mills have been working at almost full capacity for several days and skies have been red at night with the glow that signifies steel prosperity. The Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. was reported making plans to open a blast furnace, closed three years. Steelmen assert the Improvement In Ohio's mills is largely due to orders from Detroit automobile factories, but that several other lines of business also have recently increased their buy Ing. DINNER WILL HONOR ROLLING FIELD CHIEF Officers of 409th Attack Squadron Plan Farewell for Lieut. Col. H. C. X. Muhlenberg. A farewell dinner in honor of Lieut. Col. H. C. Kress Muhlenberg, Army Air Corps, commanding officer. Boil ing Field, will be given by officers of the 409th Attack Squadron, Air Corps Reserve, at 0:30 pjn. today at the Army and Navy Country Club. MaJ. R. E. Whitehead, Air Reserve, commanding officer of the 409th squadron, which conducts its training operations at Boiling Field, will be toastmaster at the dinner. Col. Muhlenberg is to leave Washington within a few days for duty as air officer of the 3d Corps Area, with headquarters in Baltimore. He will be succeeded as commander at Boiling Field by Maj. Martin F. Scanlon, one of the early commanders of Boiling Field. CIVIL'SERVICE JOBS The Civil Service Commission today anounced examinations for elevator conductor at $1,080 annually, and Junior telephone operator, at $1,260. Applications will be received until January 28. These salaries are subject to the pay cut. Details are available at the commission, Seventh and F strata. John Condon Who Got Volume On Symbology Sought in Case Br the Associated Preu. FLEMINGTON, N. J., January 10.— The "John Condon" who took a book on symbols from the New York Public Library about the time of the Lind bergh kidnaping is being sought by State authorities. Attorney General Wilentz said this morning that so far his men had re ported no success In finding the man. The signer of the library card gave his address as Philadelphia. - Chief defease counsel Relily made, much of the point In hie cross-exami nation of Dr. John P. Condon yester day I The book on symbology was the subject of a heated argument yester day between Re lily and Wllentt. The book is reported to have in its contents the symbol that marked all the authentic ransom notes. A New York detective reported that it had been withdrawn and signed for by a "John Condon." Dr. Condon denied that it was his aignatur·. Wirephoto of Bombed South Bend Store ι Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto. The wreckage of the interior of one of a dozen stores in the business district of South Bend. Ind., blown up by three bombe early today. Early estimates place the damage at $75,000. No one was Injured. PEACE IS SOUGHT BY FARMS Court Recesses to Give Par ents Chance to Decide Children's Custody. A peace conference between Mr. and ! Mrs. Snowden A. Fahnestock, now fighting in District Supreme Court for custody of their two children, was arranged today in an effort to settle their differences without further liti gation. Justice Peyton Gordon Indicated he wanted the couple to reach an agree ment as to the custody of the chil dren before returning to his court for a final settlement. In Father'· Custody. The father now has the children, and, according to the wife, is secret ing them in the home of his mother, Mrs. Gibson Fahr.estock, 2311 Massa chusetts avenue. She contends he Is not qualified to care for them, and has asked the court to grant her the right to have them pending determi nation of a divorce suit she filed last week In Newport, R. L Opportunity b Given. After hearing testimony yesterday, Justice Gordon recessed the case to give counsel an opportunity to pre pare arguments on his authority to hear the matter. If the parents are unable to reach an agreement, this point will be argued this afternoon. The children, Claire, 7, and Mary Lee, β, have not been present in court during the hearing. CONGRESS LIBRARY SHOWS BIG YEAR ί 170,000 Volumes and Papers Added and $50.000 Grants and Gifts. Addition of more than 170,000 volumes and pamphlets to the Library of Congress and grants and gifts ol nearly >50,000 for different depart ments were stressed in the annual re port of Librarian Herbert Putnam, issued today. Book accessions took an upward turn during the year. Dr. Putnam re ported. after a lag since 1930. It was one of the busiest years of the Library's history, with insufflcent room for the readers and research workers making use of its facilities. He detailed the following grants: Rockefeller Foundation, $20,000 for purchase abroad of source material on American history. American Council of Learned So cieties, $14,000 for research in Chinese and Japanese history. Mrs. William H. Moore of New York, $1,000 for purchase of Chinese items. Carnegie Corporation. $2.500 for photographs of early Virginia arch itecture, and' $3,000 for collection of American folk songs. Mrs. Helen Carter Leidy, bequest of $1,000 for purchase of manuscripts. Nicholas Longworth Foundation, $6,275 for music collection. Friends of Music, $1,000 for pur chase of rare musical items. This year, he reported, has marked the opening of the new rare book room with a collection of 60,000 volumes, many of which are unduplicable. The Library, Dr. Putnam reported, now contains more than 8,000,000 separate items. League, 15Yrs. Old, Now Has 60 Nations In Its Membership V. S.9 Germany and Ja pan Only Powers Not Included, By the Associated Press. GENEVA, January 10.—The League of Nations is IS years old today. It reached the anniversary with a membership of 60 nations, with the United States, Germany and Japan the only world powers not included in its organization. The United States, whose war-time President, Wood row Wilson, fought for creation of the organization, never has ratified the covenant. League officials, however, have expressed gratification with its increasing co operation in Geneva's activities. Germany renounced its membership as a protest against the armament limitations imposed on her by the treaty of Versailles; Japan because the League would not recognise Man choukuo. Russia, long excluded from the League, now plays an important part In its councils. Teachers Off Duty Outside School Rules, Says Ballou Board Meeting Disclaims Jurisdiction in Personal Liberty Question, Except Where Rules Apply. There Is nothing in the rules or regulations of the District public school system which prohibits teach ers drinking when and where they please, Supt. Frank W. Ballou ad mitted at a meeting of the Board of Education late yesterday when the explosive question of personal conduct of teachers flared up again in heated debate. The matter came before the board in the form of communications from two citizens and two organizations expressing opposition to use of liquor and tobacco by teachers Henry I. Quinn was the principal champion of personal fre?dom for the teachers and Henry Gilllgan was his vigorous opponent, calling his position ridiculous. Answer Is Issue. The eract point at Issue was whether the board should answer such communications or merely ignore them. The final decision, passed with Quinn dissenting, was that the com municants "be advised as to the rules of the board and that so far as the board knows the rules are being ob served." These rules go no further than prohibiting the use of tobacco by em ployes of the board in or about a school building, Dr. Ballou informed the board. The letters were from the Columbia Heights Citizens' Association, the Woman's Council of the Columbia Heights Christian Church, Hugh Brewster, 1619 Varnum street, and Dr. Everett M. Ellison, president of the Citizens' Service Association for Law and Order. "I am a great admirer of citizens' associations," said Quinn, "but I think when we dignify such communications as these by answering them we be smirch the reputation of the entire teaching profession. There Is no absolute suggestion that teachers actually do smoke or drink on the job. When we make any recognition of these letters, we throw doubt on the character of our teachers." · Gilligan Protests. Gilligan was quick to take up the battle. Referring to a recent meeting of the board when it refused to act on a resolution of the District Public School Association barring teachers who use alcohol or tobacco, he characterized the protest against the resolution at that time of Mrs. Leslie B. Wright as a "perfectly ridic ulous tirade." He said he was very much opposed to teachers coming to school with the odor of tobacco or liquor on their breaths. "There is no evidence that they have," interposed George M. Whitwell, and Dr. Ballou confirmed this state ment. "But I don't see anything wrong In a person coming to school with the fragrance of tobacco on his breath," 'added Whitwell. Quinn asked: "How would you tell whether It was liquor? A lot of these cough medicines smell of alcohol." Gilligan asked Qulnn whether he seriously meant that he would not ob ject to a teacher coming to school smelling of liquor. "Certainly not," replied Qulnn. "She might be feeling bad and need 9 drink." "That is a ridiculous statement to make," Gilligan retorted. "If you think it is all right for teachers to set that sort of example for children, we abso lutely disagree." The resolution which finally was adopted was intioduced by Charles H. Houston, with the additional clause that "the board request that evidence of violations of its rules be forwarded to it. This later was deleted. With the discussion waxing hot, Quinn declared: "As long as I am on this board I am unalterably opposed to regulating the private lives of em ployes so long as their personal habits do not affect their teaching effi ciency." "So am I," echoed Mrs. Philip Sid ney Smith. · Quinn explained he recognized the value of teachers setting a good ex ample for their students, but did not think what they did at home was any ί concern of the school board. The debate ended with Gilligan I letting loose the parting shot: "I am not going to have teachers taking little J nips every once in a while." FIRE KILLS FAMILY OF SEVEN IN CABIN Farmer, Wife and Five Children Die in Kentucky Blaze. By the Associated Press. SOMERSET, Ky., January 10—An entire family of seven persons was wiped out today ^ by a fire that de stroyed their two-room cabin home 16 miles east of here. The victims were: Othel Harper, 35, farmer and miner. His wife, Nellie Harper, 34. Their five chillren—Milton, 10: Wa nada, 8; Elmer, 5; Denver, 3, and Beryl, 1 year old. Neighbors raked the charred re mains of the family from the embers of the little park log house at Public, a small settlement east of here. At 3:50 a.m. Roy and Ray Bullock, sons of E. J. Bullock, who live on a hill opposite the Harper home, were awakened by their dog's barking. They saw the flames and hurried across the valley to the Harper home about a mile away. The walls had fallen in and were a mass of flames. Life's Like That BY FRED NEHER. "YOU'VE GOT TO EXCHANGE THIS FOR A BETTER MODEL—JUST TASTE THE AWFUL CAKE J MADE FROM A RECIPE ON THIS CHEAP SET!" (Ooprrltftt. 1836.) SENATE DECEIVES IG16 NOMINATIONS Army Is at Top of List Sent by Roosevelt With 1,378 Appointments. Prsident Roosevelt today sent a list of 3,618 appointments to the Senate, ranging from major generals and admirals and other high officers ot the Government down to po.tmasters. Some of these nominations were ior promotions in the service. The Army was at the top of the list with 1,378 nominations. The Pc:.t Office Department was next with 1,033. The Navy Department followed With 561. The remainder were for the Marine Corps, Public Health Service and other departments and bureaus and independent offices. Appointed in Recess. With few exceptions the nomina tions were for those who had been appointed to their respective offices during the congressional recess, and have been holding office, but who must now go before the Senate for confirmation. The principal new appointmunt was that of Anning S. Prall, former mem ber of the House from New ·*ο.;ί, ncminated to fill the unexpired term of Hampson Gary on the Frderal Communications Commission. Garry resigned last week. On the list was the appointment of Riley E. Elgen to the Public Utilities Commission of the District. Elgen received a recess appointment last Summer for three years, and today's inclusion was merely routine to obtain Senate confirmation. Other nominations included James A. Moffett of New York as Federal housing administrator, Miss Josephine Roche of Colorado, Assistant Secre tary of the Treasury; reappointment of Frank R. McNinch of North Caro lina, chairman of the Federal Power Commission; W. A. Ayres, former representative from Kansas, and Gar land S. Ferguson, jr., of North Caro lina to the Federal Trade Commission, and John Wellington Finch of Idaho to be director of the Bureau oi Mines. Ministers Appointed. Antonio C. Gonzalez of New York was named minister to Ecuador, George T. Summerlin of Louisiana, minister to Panama; Meredith Nicholson of Indiana, minister to Venezuela; William Dawson, Min nesota, minister to Colombia, and Julius G. Lay of Washington, D. C., minister to Uruguay. Other members of the securities commission appointed are Ferdinand Pecora of New York, Robert E. Healy of Vermont, James M. Landis of Massachusetts, and George C. Matthews of Wisconsin. Communications commission mem bers nominated are George Henry Payne of New York, Irvin Stewart of Texas, Norman Case of Rhode Island, Paul Walker of Oklahoma, Thad H. Brown of Ohio and Eugene O. Sykes of Mississippi. The reappointment of Adolph C. Miller, formerly of California, as a member of the Federal Reserve Board, was included. The following were nominated cs members of the National (Railway) Mediation Board: John Carmody of New York, James W. Carmalt of this city, and William M. Leiserson of Ohio. The following postmasters fcr Vir ginia were named: Ashland. Hstvey R. Stebbins; Ballston. Paul B. Hilliard; Bland, Ecgar E. Shannon; Β syce, George W. Garvin; Bu?na Vists, William T. Paxton; Cijeritan. J. L0113 Haley; Chincoteague Island. Newman M. Conant: Clinchco, Cornelia L. Pat ton; Clonial Bcach. Janie M. Mason; Dahlgren. Lewis A. Ashton; D.spu tanta, John D. Webb' E^gle Rock. D. Irvine Persinger; Glasgow, Elizabeth L MacMillan; Gordonsville. Robert A. Smith; Herndon. Annie R. Wa!k:r; Hollins. Gordon P. Murray; Hopewell, Henry L. Munt; Jetersville. Charlie S. Farmer; Kenbridge. Joseph L. Black burn: Kilmarnock, Edward M. Blake; Lacrosse. Ruth K. Northington; Law renceville, Thomas B. WarTiner; Louisa. Samuel Β H?nson; Lynch burg. John H. Cave; Meherrin. Milton L. Gee; Monroe, Thomas M. Hesson; Mount Jackson. James M. Shannon; Quantlco, George E. Mclnteer; Rad ford, Hollis H. Howard; Roanoke, Ernest L. Keyser; St. Charles. Vernon C. Dotson; Shawsville. Ward S. Atkin son; Shipman, Marion W. Sherman; Stanley, Edwin J. Shuler; Stony Creek, William B. Cooke, jr.: Stuarts Draft, Samuel B. Harper; Troutville, Henry C. Snyder; Victoria, Clifford E. Hardy; White Stone, Benjamin N. Hubbard; Williamsburg, Merritt W. Foster. The following postmasters for Mary land were named; Frostburg. Edward J. Donohue; Grantsville. A. Emmon-, Warnick; Hancock. Maude L. Shives; Lutherville, Clarence J. Thomson, jr.; Middletown, Charles R. Holter; Ran dallstown. Sarah G. Phillips: Reisters town, William H. L. Slade; Ridgely, John W. Davis. FRANCES NASH, PIANIST, IN SYMPHONY CONCERT American Artist to Interpret Mc Dowell's Music—Mrs. Roose velt to Be Present. Frances Nash, an American artist, will Interpret music by America'· greatest composer, Edward McDowell, as a major feature oi tonight's con cert of the National Symphony Or chestra, in Constitution Hall. The McDowell number will be his "Con certo in D Minor" for piano and or chestra. In honor of this American composer and American artist, Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt will occupy her regular box and have as her guest Mrs. Caro line O'Day, recently elected Represent ative of New York. DANIELS' RECALL ASKED HOLYOKE, Mass., January 10 (Λ>).— Charging that Josephus Daniels, Am bassador to Mexico, "has gone iar be yond th - demands of his office to de clare and represent himself as a friend of the persecuting regime" in Mexico as regards religion, the Massachusetts Catholic Order of Foresters, with 60,000 members, has drawn up reso lutions demanding his recall. The resolutions were announced here by Gregory J. Scanlon, high outside sen tinel of the organization. Copies will be sent to President Roosevelt, Secretary of State Hull and the Senators and Representatives from Massachusetts. Noted Ottawa Physician Dies. OTTAWA, January 10 OP)—Dr. John Nelson Coolldge, 68. former di rector of the Medical Division of the Metropolitan Life Insurance Co of Canada, died at his home here yester day. He was educated at Amr.'rrt College and the Harvard Medical School.