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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 12, 1935, Image 2

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U. S. Should Operate Cars
in Voteless District, Citi
zens Are Told.
Until District residents get a vote!
and have a voice in local affairs, let
the Government take over and operate
the strett railways here, William McK
Clayton last night told the Brightwood
Citizens' Association in the Paul Junior
High School.
He characterized the present situ
ation the worst in the country and
one no other city would permit. As
a means of relieving the congested
condition on the Fourteenth street
line of the Capital Transit Co. he
suggested that a bus line be installed
on the thoroughfare. This proposal
later was changed to Thirteenth street
and this recommendation will t>e sent
to the Public Utilities Commission.
The association also went on record
as reaffirming its previous action in
advocating the double-tracking of
Kennedy street eastward from Georgia
avenue to Takoma Park and retaining
the present trackage west of Georgia
avenue to Fourteenth street. The
commission will also be urged to seek
a present-day valuation ot public util
ities in the District.
Bonds for Cabs Favored.
The bonding of taxicabs for the
protection of passengers from injury
and the placing of taxicabe under the
control of the Public Utilities Com
mission was advocated by a vote. A
resolution by G. R Wilhelm that no
taxicab driver's license be issued to
any person who is regularly employed
also was passed. It was declared that
many Government employes drive cabs
at night.
Regret was expressed at the removal
of Capt. Joseph C. Morgan as com
mander of the sixth precinct of the
Police Department in a resolution
which commended him for his services
to the Brightwood community.
Elmer Johnson was appointed to
represent the association at a meeting
of a city-wide committee to be held
soon, at which will be drafted a me
morial to the District Commissioners
and Congress, asking for an increased
police force.
Ray Is Housing Delegate.
Charles W. Ray will attend the
meeting Tuesday in the Interstate
Commerce Building at the request of
the association to discuss the Wash
ington Better Housing project.
The association, on a motion by
Prof. L. J. Cantrell, went on record as
favoring plan No. 4 of the Weir recrea
tion report on municipal playground
Congratulations were extended, to
Sergt. Walter L. Thomas, recently
elected president of the Policemen's
Association of the District, in another
Cummings and Marcus to Answer
for Death of Wushnak,
Meat Wagon Driver.
Charges of murder and robbery were
placed last night against John H.
Cummings, colored, 27, 700 block of
Seventh street, and Willet Marcus,
colored, 22, 1200 block of Minnesota
avenue northeast. The latter is
charged by police with having accom
panied the former when he allegedly
shot Joseph H. Mushnak, meat wagon
driver, during a hold-up last week in
iront of a grocery store at 100 Β street
While the bandits who held up
Wushnak failed to get anything from
him, they admitted, police say. that
they previously held up and robbed
William H. Clark, 1104 Ο street. Po
lice say that they also have admitted
other robberies, but no other charges
had been placed against them today.
Of those arrested In a general
round-up only five others are still held,
15 having been released. While none
of the four has yet been charged, po
lice claim that they have admitted
several hold-ups and will face these
charges as soon as details are com
pleted. One of these men, it is said,
insisted that he was the man who held
up Hyman Layen, manager of a
grocery at 500 Fifty-sixth street north
east, when the latter failed to make a
positive identification at line-up last
Attorney Tells Grain Futures
Commisison of Woman Secre
tary's Mistake.
Oversight by a newly employed
female secretary and "contributory
negligence" of the Chicago office of
the Grain Futures · Administration
were cited as extenuating circum
stances in the failure of Arthur W.
Cutten to file reports on his grain
trading operations in 1930, it was ex
plained at hearings before the Grain
Futures Commission this morning.
The explanation was offered by Or
vilie Taylor, counsel for Cutten, In
admitting the charge that required
reports for that year were not filed.
At the same time Taylor denied em
phatically three other charges, namely,
that Cutten had attempted to manip
ulate the grain market; that he had
attempted to conceal his operations
and that he had filed false reports
In 1931.
Smithfleld Besident Succumbs
Here While Visiting Son—Fu
neral to Be Tomorrow.
Mrs. Ira T. Turlington, 68, died
last night in the Episcopal Eye, Ear
and Throat Hospital after a short ill
A ^native of Smithfield, N. C., Mrs.
Turlington was widely known in edu
cational circles there. She had been
visiting her Son. Edgar Turlington.
1323 Twenty-eighth street, American
member of the Special Commission on
Mexican-American Claims.
Funeral services and burial will be
In Smithfield tomorrow afternoon.
Besides her son here, she is sur
vived by another son, Dr. Lee Tur
lington of Birmingham. Ala., and two
Bisters and a brother In North Caro
What's What
Behind News
In Capital
Bulges in White House
and Treasury Roofs
Due to Budget Row.
IT CAN now be related that the
backstage preparation of Presi
dent Roosevelt's new budget was
not a very peaceful affair.
Certain bulges may still be
noticed in the Treasury and White
House roofs, caused by the concus
sion al conflicting opinions among
Mr. Rooeevelt's budget scientists.
The main conflict was over the
Η,ΟΟΟ.ΟΟΟ,ΟΟΟ lump sum relief ap
propriation. The budget advisers
are supposed to have contested
generally against a lump sum.
They thought some générai break
down of its proposed use should
be offered.
The only reason one was not of
fered was because the emergency re
lief agencies declined to submit esti
mates to the Budget Bureau. Some
agencies (the Α. Α. Α., particularly)
replied that they could not tell of
their spendings in advance. Others
professed ignorance as to what Mr.
Roosevelt was going to do about their
operations next year.
There was nothing left to do ex
cept to take a rough lump sum guess
and it will have to stand until Mr.
Roosevelt decides exactly what he is
going to do about each emergency
The fault of the lump sum system
is not the political one which Con
gress is howling about. Budgeteers
did not even consider the possibility
[ that Congress might call Mr. Roose
velt a dictator for trying to get aft'
that money without strings on it.
What perturbed them was the fact
that the emergency agencies have
been getting away with budget murder
from the start. These agencies have
been subject to no control except
review by Controller McCarl, who
is so overloaded with work that he
may be months catching up. Callers
at the controller's office have noticed
piles of expenditure records on the
1 floor occasionally, there being no
room for them on the desks. By the
time McCarl catches up slips made
by the emergency agencies, the money
has long since been spent.
Control Effort Blocked.
The President started to control this
loose system last Spring. He issued
an executive order requiring emer
gency agencies to get McCarl's ap
proval for expenditures in advance.
You may recall that the order was
rescinded a few days later when In
terior Secretary Ickes yelled about it.
These deficiencies may be partially
offset by an unnoticed promise In the
budget message Mr. Roosevelt wrote
that in June, after Congress adjourns,
he will make public the actual budget
for the coming year. The one he
offered last week was only an esti
mated budget. Congress now will con
sider the estimates and make appro
priations, eliminating some and add
ing others. The real budget will come
just before the next fiscal year starts
July 1. λ
You can see what result this
will bring. Hereafter, the New
Deal will have budget accounting
every six months instead of yearly.
There will then be no reason and
no excuse for lump summing in
June. Each item will have to be
Also, public attention will again be
centered on spending and agitation
for curtailment will be accelerated.
Impartial budget authorities here
agree among themselves that they
never heard of a budget like this one.
It was obviously devised to conform
to a peculiar expenditure situation.
They believe it is franker than the
last one, except as to the lump sum.
and the confusing system of mixing
red and black Inks together. But
they can see clearly what Mr. Roose
velt is up to.
Looking Ahead.
He is going to continue to move red
items (emergency expenses) into the
black column (ordinary Government
costs) during the course of the next
few years. In the end, he will have
a regular budget of about six billion
dollars. That total is about halfway
between the old four-billion-dollar
Government budgets and the eight
billion-dollar ones we have had lately.
It will take him three or four more
years to accomplish the gradual trans
formation which he has already
That means you can expect taxes
to be roughly a third higher in the
end than they were before the de
The only unexpected thing about
the budget reaction was the way Wall
Street tools it. The money boys were
apathetic. Apparently they did not
know what it meant. There are indi
cations they do not know yet. The
inflationary possibilities, or probabili
ties, were completely Ignored, although
the budget last year sent the boys off
on an Inflation spree with much less
The opinion seems to be growing
on the inside that the New Deal
can run the public debt up in
definitely during the next three or
four years without inflationary
trouble. Apparently Wall Street
believes it, but England cannot
understand such American
The London reaction to the budget
message was one of wonder. Britain
now is balanced except for a few
tricks, such as the omission of her
war debt to us and certain money
snitched on the sly from her stabiliza
tion fund.
Mr. Roosevelt has not used all his
budget tricks yet. He has one big
ace in the hole, and you will see It
whenever the Treasury going gets
rough. t
It may be denied now, but arrange
ments once were actually made during
the preparation of the current budget
for including $2,811,000,000 bookkeep
ing profit which the Treasury has
accumulated out of dollar devaluation.
It would have made the budget look
much rosier if the debt could be re
duced by that amount.
After an inside row, It was decided
to leave the theoretical gold profit out
this year, but It was evident to all
World Trip Reveals High
Favor for President and
N. R. Α., He Says.
Dr. Coleman Nevlls, S. J., resumed
the presidency of Georgetown Uni
versity today after his return from a
four-month trip around the world, on
which he reported enthusiastically he
had found evidence everywhere of high
regard for President Roosevelt a>id the
New Deal.
The Georgetown president left here
as an American delegate to the inter
national Red Cross conference at
Tokio. In Japan he decided to make a
good-will trip to Georgetown alumni
centers. He expressed gratification
that In Tokio. Shanghai, Hongkong,
Ceylon, the Malay Peninsula. Arabia.
Egypt and the 10 large ' cities and
capitals he visited in Europe, he was
met by delegations of Georgetown
"It made me think that the sun
never sets on Georgetown soil," Dr.
Nevlls said.
Regard far President.
Two things that impressed the
Georgetown official perhaps more than
anything else on his trip was the uni
versal regard for President Roosevelt
and the lack of friendliness between
the nations of the world. Everywhere,
he said, great hopefulness was ex
pressed In Roosevelt's powers of re
"This seems especially true in Eng
land," Dr. Nevils said. "As some one
in London put it, 'You people are cer
tainly getting your money's worth out
of that man.' "
A disheartening phase of a trip
around the world, however, was "the
•almost universal suspiciousness of one
nation of another. While this seems
greatest in the Par East, it is also true
of most of the European countries."
In Rome, where he was given an in
formal and private audience with Pope
Pius, he said the pontiff had "greatly
deplored this unfortunate condition
throughout the world."
To his Jesuit colleagues at George
town he brought tidings that Pope
Pius was in the best of health and has
all the vigor of a man half his age.
Proclamation Published.
Dr Nevils said that during his stay
in Rome the official Vatican paper,
Observatore Romano, published in full
on the first page President Roosevelt's
Thanksgiving proclamation, and many
favorable comments were heard, espe
cially from high ecclesiasts, that
America was the only nation that has
so laudable a custom with such high
official sanction.
It was in Rome that Dr. Nevils re
ceived assurances from Jesuit head
quarters that he would be continued
in the presidency after his return to
He was greeted last night by Rev.
Arthur A. O'Leary, S. J., acting pres
ident during his absence, and mem
bers of the faculty. Father O'Leary,
the first native Washingtonlan to pre
side over Georgetown in 140 years,
will now be able to devote his full
time to his regular duties as professor
of ethics, chairman of the faculty of
philosophy and Riggs librarian.
Dr. Nevils complimented him high
ly on the success of his brief admin
House 127 to 28 Against Seduc
ing Fund to $1 as Blow at
Br the Associated Press.
Alter Representative Blanton.
Democrat, of Texas threatened to
"Impeach" members of the Home
Loan Bank Board, the House yester
day rejected 127 to 28 an amendment
by the Texan to reduce the board's
salary and expense appropriation for
next year from $264,043 to $1.
Earlier, Representative Sweeney, an
Ohio Democrat, had proposed an In
vestigation of "irregularities" in ad
ministration of the home loan laws.
"I am going to ask the President
to remove the present members of
that board, and if he doesn't then
I'm going to exercise my prerogative
as a member of Congress and come
here on this floor and impeach them,"
Blanton said.
"We've got to stop this autocratic
rule of public business. You've got
to show these bureau chiefs that
they've got to respect the Representa
tives in Congress."
After once approving Blanton's mo
tion on a voice vote, the House heard
Representative Woodrum, Democrat,
of Virginia term Blanton'* proposal
"ridiculously, silly and childlike" and
then voted it down.
Pleasant Plains Citizens Fear
Politics Would Besult From
Proposed Change.
Opposition to the proposed enlarge
ment of powers of the District Com
missioners was expressed in a reso
lution adopted last night by the
Pleasant Plains Citizens' Association,
meeting at the Monroe School.
The action resulted from a letter
of Charles H. Houston of the Board
of Education to the Commissioners,
protesting the proposed control of the
School Board. Members expressed
similar views with Mr. Houston's let
ter and believe great danger would re
sult, since, they claim, politics would
become involved in the school set-up.
Another resolution adopted urges
Congress to restore all school items
that have been stricken from the 1936
District budget. A committee of three
was named to present the resolution to
the Senate and House Subcommittees
on District Appropriations. On the
committee are J. A. Du Balle. Mrs.
Ethel H. Grubbs and Mrs. R. M.
PITTSBURGH, January 12 OP).—
Very tidy Is James -Balaley, and be
leaves no ashes lying around his cel
lar—but today he wishes he had.
Taking his wooden ash boxes, he
put them in his automobile to be
hauled away. The ashes «ere still
hot, though, and some of them burned
through a box and into the back of
the car.
Firemen had to put the blaze out.
who participated in the discussions
that its ultimate use would not long
be delayed.
Incidentally, Mr. Roosevelt custo
marily refers to the gold profit as
"the kitty." Any poker player knows
what that means.
(OBBvricbl IMiJi
' ■
Report Is Based on Fact
Gov. Nice Cut Own
Pay to $3,577.
Br the Associated Press.
BALTIMORE, January 12.—To the
reduction In the Governor's salary
and retrenchments sought in State
departments, today was linked a re
port the 1936-1837 budget would con
tain salary cuts for State employes.
Gov. Harry W. Nice announced
from Annapolis last night he had re
duced his salary to $3,557 by Imposing
a 7.5 per cent reduction upon the 15
per cent former Gov. Ritchie had al
ready slashed from the executive's
$4,500 stipend.
The Baltimore Sun says "another
salary cut" Is In prospect for State
employes, whose wages were reduced
In 1933, when Ritchie slashed his own
Nice Predicts Surprises.
Regarding the budget Gov. Nice
"There will be some surprises in the
budget when it Is completed. I want
to cut it so that it will be in such a
condition that the Legislature will
find It hard to locate another place to
"It's one of the hardest jobs I ever
had. I am trying to keep from mak
ing a cut in salaries. After all, the
State employes are getting compara
tively small salaries to those paid in
private life."
The Governor has already asked
State Department heads to cut their
expenditures as much as possible for
the remainder of the fiscal year in
order to offset the prospective $2,229,
000 deficit.
The Sun said:
"The Governor and his aides aim
to lop at least $500,000 from the ex
penses of the State government in the
next two fiscal years. Further cuts
into the salaries of the approximately
3.700 State employes and more reduc
tions In departmental appropriations
will make up the greater part of that
amount, but just how much has not
been determined.
New Tax Scheme· Seen.
"In the higher brackets, it was in
dicated. salaries may be reduced 25
per cent or more below the scale of
1933, before the from 10 to 15 per
cent cuts were put Into effect by Gov.
"It was understood that the further
reductions that are to be made will be
on a graduated scale, employes rated
at $1,200 and below being assessed not
much more than the 10 per cent cut
now in effect."
Meanwhile, it was learned that sev
eral schemes of taxation designed to
provide some $7,000,000 a year for re
lief are being prepared for introduc
tion ta the General Assembly.
What specific forms the tax would
take was not divulged, but it was char
acterized as one that would affect all
classes equally.
Piquett Tells How Bandit Acted
When He Saw Himself in
Mirror After Operation.
By the Associated Press.
CHICAGO, January 12.—The new
face John Dillinger had made for him
self displeased him so much he acted
like he was going to "shoot everybody."
his attorney, Louis Piquett, said in
Federal Court, where Piquett Is on
trial charged with conspiring to har
bor the late No. 1 public enemy.
After his face had been altered by
plastic surgery. Dillinger looked in a
mirror and spared no words in ex
pressing his dissatisfaction with the
"I tried to cheer him up," Piquett
said yesterday. "He acted like he was
going to shoot everybody and I tried
to tone him down. I told him it looked
University of Minnesota Exams
Also Show Hugh S. Johnson Is
Senator From Mississippi.
Bj the Associated Press.
ST. PAUL, January 12.—Just a few
blushes for several University of Min
nesota students remained yesterday
alter answering Winter quarter ex
aminations—such a designating the
Dalai Lama, grand priest of Tibet, as a
"former premier of Prance."
Other choice answers included:
Theodore Bilbo (Senator from Mis
sissippi) is the inventor of billboards
and Italian aviator who led a squad
ron of planes across the Atlantic in
Dorothy Thompson (wife of Sin
clair Lewis) and Hugh S. Johnson
(former N. R. A. administrator) are
Senators from Mississippi.
Life's Like That
(OesTTlCtai. 1981.)
Help Sponsor Robert E. Lee Mansion Fund
Top row: Senator Harry Flood Byrd, Senator Carter Glass, R. Walton Moore, Gist Blair and David E. Plnley.
Bottom row: Admiral Cary T. Grayson, Judge John Barton Payne, Henry B. Spencer, Rev. Anson Phelps
Stokes and Or. William Holland Wilmer.
Sponsors of Fund Drive for
Stratford Hall Will At
tend Services.
Sponsors of the effort to obtain
funds for Stratford Hall, which the
Robert E. Lee Foundation hopes to
dedicate in October as a debt-free
memorial to the great Confederate
leader, will attend services in his
honor tomorrow at the Washington
Among the sponsors named today
are Senators Glass and Byrd of Vir
ginia, Assistant Secretary of State R.
Walton Moore, Gist Blair, David E.
Finley, Rear Admiral Cary T. Gray
son, former Senator Blair Lee of
Maryland, Judge John Barton Payne,
Armistead Peter, 3d; Henry B. Spen
cer, Rev. Anson Phelps Stokes and
Dr. William Holland Wilmer.
Bishop James E. Freeman will con
duct the services and Dr. Douglas Ε
Freeman of Richmond, biographer of
Lee, will deliver an address.
$33,000 Sought.
The memorial services *111 be pre
paratory to the drive to obtain funds
for the old Lee mansion in Westmore
land County, Va., only 6 miles from
Wakefield, birthplace of George
Washington. The ladies of the Rob
ert E. Lee Foundation, who are be
hind the movement to obtain funds to
purchase Stratford Hall, need <53.000
so that the 1,100-acre estate can be
come a debt-free memorial to Gen.
j Lee.
Although the foundation dislikes to
describe the fund-raising movement
as a "campaign" or "drive." the ef
forts to obtain money will begin Janu
ary 19, Lee's birthday. Checks or
money orders may be made payable
to David E. Finley of the Committee
' of Sponsors, at 730 Fifteenth street.
Immediately after the services at
the Cathedral tomorrow, Mr. and
Mrs. Frederick H. Brooke, 1737 Κ
street, will entertain the sponsors at
their home. Mrs. Brooke is one of
the sponsors.
Estate Being Farmed.
ι The Robert E. Lee Foundation has
been organized five years. Mrs.
Charles D. Lanier of Greenwich,
Conn., is the president. For the
past three years the foundation has
been operating Stratford Hall as a
"going institution," with Maj. Gen.
B. F. Cheatham, U. S. Α., retired,
as resident superintendent.
Crops and live stock are raised on
the old estate, which was bought
from the Charles Stuart family, and
money raised from these endeavors
pays the cost of upkeep.
The foundation feels that 8tratford
Hall should be maintained as a na
tional shrine in tribute to Gen. Lee
and in no respects does the organi
zation view its work as a distinctly
Southern movement. The foundation
comprises persons throughout the
country who are interested in
: preserving for posterity the old home
! stead of one of America's greatest
! sons.
Five Marriages Misfire.
BLOOMSBURG, Pa.. January 12
OP).—Maybe It's woman's long-recog
nized right to change her mind, or'
maybe it's something else again.
During the last year five unused
marriage licenses were returned to the
clerk of the Columbia County courts.
The number is the largest on record.
Bank Grants Loan
On Unpaid Reward
In Convict Capture
Stranger Gets $50 on
Application for Fund
From State.
Br the Associated Press.
I JACKSON, Miss., January 12.—
Down to his last 16 cents, an un
employed stranger and his four
motherless children came to Jack
son yesterday, called at a local bank
and left It with a $50 loan on one
of the oddest pieces of collateral the
bank ever has accepted.
His collateral was a yet unpaid
reward for supplying Information
leading to the capture of John
Beavers, escaped life-term convict, at
Clarendon, Ark, last November 34.
Though the legislative appropria
tion for payment of rewards has been
exhausted, the bank agreed to take
over his application, which has been
approved by the State Penitentiary
and wUl present it for collection when
the Legislature makes another appro
priation for capture rewards, probably
next year.
Tomorrow the stranger, P. W. Lamb,
a button-cutter when he has work to
do, will pack his family, ranging from
9 to 15 years of age, and will pro
ceed to the Colorado River where he
ι hopes to make a living by digging
shells and selling them to novelty
Communists Wait Outside
City and Will Try to
Enter Later.
Br the Associated Press.
PARIS. January 12.—Police clashed
today with 1.200 Communists, mem
bers of a "hunger army" attempting
to march on Paris.
A wall of mobile guards turned back
the attempted invasion lust west of
the city's outskirts. The demonstra
tors engaged in a general scuffle with
the gendarmes, but found themselves
no match for their opponents.
Quickly dispersed, the Communiste
said they would make another attempt
to enter the city later today after they
had been reinforced by additional
marchers from the neighboring de
partment of Seine-et-Oise
The Communist party organized the
advance on Paris from four sides as
a gesture to compel the government
to extend the dole to thousands of
unemployed who they asserted are
receiving no aid.
The marchers began to converge
upon the city yesterday. En route
they experienced considerable hard
ship from bitterly coid weather, and
this morning they tramped through
the Winter's first snowfall.
Official figures show 436,442 per
sons are on the dole. The Commu
nists and French Federation of Labor,
however, assert the actual number of
unemployed is much larger, because
many towns have no relief system and
many who are out of work are ineli
gible for relief because they are prop
erty owners or are the parents of em
ployed children.
Justice Proctor Gives A. A. Steel
Ten-Day Suspended Sentence
for Interruption.
A suspended sentence of 10 days' im
prisonment was imposed upon District
Probation Officer Amos A. Steele when
he appeared in District Supreme Court
before Justice James M. Proctor yes
terday while allegedly under the in
fluence of liquor.
After sentencing Steele to serve 10
days in Jail. Justice Proctor lifted the
sentence and ordered the man taken
home and placed under the care of
his physician. Steele said he had been
ill for 10 days and had left a sick bed
yesterday to come to the court room.
Justice Proctor was imposing a sus
pended sentence on William H. Moquin,
1942 Calvert street, who had pleaded
guilty to a charge of embezzlement,
when Steele interrupted.
"I want to see if he can make resti
tution," the probation officer declared.
"You are drunk," Justice Proctor
said, "Get out of this court room." A
deputy marshal attempted to remove
Steele and the latter resisted by grab
bing the rail at the foot of the bench.
Justice Proctor then imposed the con
tempt sentence. Moquin was placed
on probation.
Stolen Bing Kept Two Years.
CHICAGO, January 12 UP).—After
two years Hazel F. Waid, a hotel sten
ographer, had her $1,008 diamond ring
back today.
Two years ago the ring was stolen.
Yesterday a young woman hurried into
the hotel, handed a bellboy a tiny box
with instructions to give It to Mrs.
Waid and hurried out again. In the
Dos waa ttw ring.
May Introduce Bill Removing
Influence From Jobs
in Service.
By the Associated Press.
Senator Ν orris said today he may
more to do something soon about
"politics" in the Post Office Depart·
The Nebraska Republican, who has
been a leader in protests against
James A. Parley's dual role as Post
master General and Democratic Na
tional chairman, asserted he may in
troduce a bill to strip poetal appoint
ments and promotions of political In
8till expressing hope that President
Roosevelt would submit a measure
along that line, the man who bolted
his party to support Roosevelt for
the presidency said he was "sus
picious" he'd have to offer the bill
Features of Bill.
Here are a few of the features he
plans to Incorporate if he drafts a
The Postmaster General would be
appointed for 10 years by the Presi
dent with the consent of the Senate.
Pull authority for appointment of
all postmasters and their promotion
would be in the hands of the Post
master General.
Postmasters or others in the depart
ment could be removed only by the
Postmaster General for cause, after a
public hearing.
There would be a specific ban
against political influence, similar to
that in the Tennessee Valley Au
thority law.
Favorable to Democrats.
"I would think the Democrats would
jump at an opportunity to vote for
such a law," Norris said, commenting
on some of the stories told him by
Democratic Senators of their difficul
ties over postal appointments.
"This would take it completely out
of the hands of Congress. A Con
gressman wouldn't have to recommend
a single person."
Norris said President Roosevelt in
dicated about a year ago that he would
sponsor a bill to remove politics from
postal affairs. He expressed disap
pointment this had not been done.
$777,237,562 BILL
First of 1936 Appropriation Meas
ures Was Sent to Senate
Br the Associated Press.
The House sent the first of the 1536
appropriation bills to the Senate yes
terday, and voted $777,237,562 for a
score or more of independent Govern
ment agencies.
Most of the money goes to the Vet
erans' Bureau, which gets $705,420,
000, an increase of $158,671,904 over
this year's allowance.
In all. the measure called for a net
of $135,843,300 more than the 1935
bill, despite the fact the new measure
did not carry $899,575 000 for emer
gency relief and public works and
$525,000,000 for stricken agricultural
areas, included last time.
New agencies, such as the Securities
and Exchange Commission f.nd the
Communications Commission, ac
counted for some of the increase.
A major fight on the floor was
averted by m last minute compromise
whereby the Appropriations Com
mittee agreed to let the Securities
Commission have $2,000,000 instead
of the $1.679,244 It first recommended.
The Securities Commission asked
$4.000,000 and the budget recom
mended $2,370.000. Protests fol
lowed, with Chairman Ray burn of the
Interstate Commerce Committee serv
ing notice he would fight the cut.
8ister of New Duchess of Kent
and Son Doing: Well.
MUNICH, Germany, January 12 UP).
The Countess of Toerring-Jettenbach,
sister of the new Duchess of Kent,
yesterday gave birth to a 7-pound
boy. her first child. Both mother and
child were reported doing well.
The countess, who is 33 years old,
was married to Count Karl Theodore
Toerring-Jettenbach of Bavaria, Jan
uary 10, 1934. She was before her
marriage Princess Elizabeth of Greece
and with her husband, attended the
marriage of her sister. Princess Ma
rina. to the Duke of Kent last No
SPRINGFIELD, Ohio, January 12
0P).—Steady improvement of general
business conditions during 1935 was
predicted yesterday by Lee W. Max
well of New York, chairman of the
board of the Crowell Publishing Co. He
came here for a conference with
Charles J. Be van, vice president, and
to visit the local plant
"The present volume of advertising
contracta indicates 1935 will be sub
stantially better for us than 1934," he
" "
Will Press for Restoration
When Deficiency Bill Is
Presented in House.
When the deficiency appropriation
bill, carrying additional fund· for the
j current fiscal year, is presented to the
House, Representative McLeod, Repub
lican, of Michigan, plans to offer
j again his amendment U> restore full
I basic salaries to Government employes
i as of January 1.
j McL«od explained that he expected
( the rejection of the amendment when
• it was offered yesterday during consld·
jeratiom of the independent offices ap
I propriatlon bill. That, he declared,
; was a mere technicality and only
i marked the first skirmish In a deter -
; mined fight by some of the most in
! fiuential men In the House and Sen·
ate. The merits of the proposal, he
said, were not touched upon In yes
terday's reversal.
Other Bills Introduced.
In the meantime, other member*
of the Appropriations Committee ar.d
Democratic leaders have introduced
a number of bills providing for the
full restoration of salaries or the re
peal of the economy act by direct
legislation entirely independent of ap
propriation bills.
These other direct proposal· are
made as follows:
By Senator McCarran, for repeal
of the Government wage cut.
By Senator McCarran for restor
ing the basic rates of compensa
tion. Both of these have been referred
to the Senate Civil Service Commit
By Representative John W. Mc
Cormack of Massachusetts.
By Representative John J. Boylan
of New York.
By Representative Glenn Grlswold
of Indiana.
By Representative Ernest Lundeen
of Minnesota.
By Representative J. Will Taylor
of Tennessee.
All of these House bills have been
referred to the House Committee on
Expenditures of which Representa
tive John J. Cochran is chairman.
Committee to Be Called.
The House Committee on Expendi
tures will be called Into an organi
sation meeting early next week, at
which these various bills will be given
a preliminary survey and discussion.
Chairman Cochran, while entirely
in sympathy with pay restoration ef
forts, has taken a Arm stand in sup
port of the President's recommenda
tions. He has promised to give care
ful study to the bills. He pointed out
that appropriations have been mace
for the current fiscal year en a budget
basis, and if new legislation for «alary
increases over the budget and appro
priations are made it will be nec
essary to provide additional revenue
to meet the pay-roll increase.
A poll of the Senate Civil Service
Committee showed a majority In favor
of pay restoration as proposed in the
McCarran bill, and a meeting of the
committee Is promised for next week
to report out the bill.
In the meantime strong sentiment
Is developing In the House for legisla
tion TriaHng the 100 per cent salary
restoration retroactive to January 1,
on the ground that the price of com
modities essential to life has been
greatly increased since the economy
bill was passed two years ago.
Letters Sçnt Congress on Replace
ment of Pennsylvania
Avenue Span.
Early replacement of the Pennsyl
vania Avenue Bridge across the Ana
costia River was urged today by the
Southeast Business Men's Association
in letters to members of the House
Subcommittee on Appropriations in
charge of the 1936 District supply
The 1936 budget estimates carried
an item of $15.000 for a survey and
engineering investigation looking to
ward replacement of the bridge, but
the association declared the bridge
is in such a dangerous condition steps
should be taken to renew Κ without
delay. An annual appropriation of
$200.000 was suggested.
Hie association declared a preten
tious span is not desired, and called
attention to the fact that the resi
dents of the southeast pay approxi
mately 15.5 per cent of the taxes
collected in the District, but get In
return only about 3 per cent of the
tax revenues spent for improvements.
Held to Create With Italy "En
tente Cordiale" and Virtual
1 By the Associated Press.
PARIS. January 12.—High official
circles Interpreted the recently con
cluded Franco-Italian accord today as
creating a combined "entente cor
diale" and virtual pact of non-ag
The text of the consultative agree
ment between the two nations just
made public provides that France and
Italy shall consult each other for the
maintenance of peace whenever cir
cumstances require, and shall settle
all questions arising between them
by diplomatic negotiations or arbitra
tion within the League of Nations.
The "co-operation" clause oi the
document was viewed by persons close
to the government as establishing a
relationship between the countries
similar to the Franco-British under
standing before the World War.
Other Interests Prevent Necessary
Attention to Newspaper,
Statement Asserts.
George Preston Marshall has re
signed «s publisher of the Washington
Times, he announced today.
Marshall, who Is also head of the
Palace Laundry, said that because of
his other interests he is not able to
give the necessary attention to tht
He went to the Times a year ago.

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