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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 31, 1935, Image 1

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(ϋ. S. Weather Bureau Forecast.)
Pair and not so cold, with lowest tem
perature about 16 degrees tonight; tomor
row mostly cloudy and warmer. Tem
peratures—Highest. 21. at 3:30 p.m. yes
terday; lowest, 12, at 1 a.m. today.
Full report on page A-9.
Closing N.Y.Markets, Pages 15,16 & 17
The only evening paper
in Washington with the
Associated Press News
and Wirephoto Services.
Yesterday's Circulation, 132,177
Some Return» Not Yet Received
No. 33,147.
Entered as second class matter
post office. Washington, D. C.
(A>) Means Associated Press.
Rope Around
Her Neck.
Husband Believes
He Can Identify
By the Associated Press.
NEW YORK. January 31.—Fan
nette Rivkin. 43-ycar-old proprietress
of a Bronx beauty parlor, who had
offered to testify for the prosecution
in the Hauptmann trial, was found
today gagged and trussed in her burn
ing establishment, the apparent victim
Of an attempt at murder.
She was rescued by the superin
tendent of the building, who noticed ;
smoke coming from the beauty parlor,
and entered to find the woman lying
unconscious on the floor, a rope tight
around her neck, a metal gag in her
mouth and her hands and feet se
curely bound.
Revived by Amhulanre Doctor.
With the help of firemen the
superintendent. John Espinosa. put
out the fire. Miss Rivkin was revived ,
by an ambulance doctor, but her con
dition was such that she could give i
ro immediate explanation of what
had happened to her. She had ap
parently lost consciousness when her
frantic attempts to loosen the rope
around her neck caused it to tighten
She was removed to Morrisania
Hospital, where police will question
her when her condition permits.
When she was revived, after nearly
en hour's work over her. she started
babbling hysterically.
"I'll say I don't know. I'm not
going to tell. I swear." she cried out
several times.
Two days ago a New York newspaper
carried an interview with Miss Rivkin
in which she said that Mrs. Bruno
Hauptmann used to come to her shop
for beauty treatments and that $10
and $20 tips were commonplace with
At Flemington Attorney General
David T. Wilentz said he had not
yet determined whether he would call
Mrs. Rivkin and declined to indicate
the nature of her possible testimony.
The beauty parlor is located at 2855 \
Third avenue, Bronx.
Husband Hysterical.
Nearly as hysterical as his wife,
Simon Rivkin. 43, told Sergt. Dennis
King that he thought he could
identify the man who made the at
tempt on his wife's life.
"I think I know who did it." he as- j
serted. "I have my suspicions. I can
name the man right now. I'll have
Wilentz know about this, this very
Mrs. Rivkin was found to have suf- ,
iered no lasting ill effects from her
experience and was taken home.
She told detectives she turned from
a washstand about 9 a.m. to face a ι
man wearing a wig and false
mustache. She was rather incoherent
in her account of what happened.
She said he seized her. bound her
with window cord, stuffed four links
of a tire chain into her mouth and
put her in a chair, which he set on j
fire. She escaped being burned by
rolling off onto the floor.
Truck. Answering Alarm, in
Smash-up at Thirty-Fourth
and Q Streets.
Two firemen were injured today
when a Capital Transit Co. bta carry
ing 15 passengers collided with a hook
end ladder fire truck at Thirty-fourth
and Q streets while the truck was i
answering an alarm. None of the
passengers was hurt.
Pvt. Charles E. French, 30. of No.
5 truck received a fractured ankle,
and Pvt. Charles W. Simpson. 25.
wrenched his back when thrown from
the tiller's seat across the ladder atop
the truck.
French, who was riding on the side
of the truck that was struck, was
taken to Georgetown Hospital. He
lives at 1549 Thirty-fifth street. Simp
son was taken to his home at 5423
Seventh street.
Pvt. Joseph R. Lyddane. 5533 Sher
rier place, who was on the running
board of the truck, was uninjured.
The fire apparatus was driven by Pvt.
William H. Yonce, 2030 Thirty-seventh
Kenneth Armacos, 27. of 1012
Sevententh place northeast, driver of
the bus, said he did not hear the fire
engine approaching.
The bus was going east on Q street,
while the truck was proceeding south
on Thirty-fourth street, a stop-sign
street, when the accident occurred.
The alarm that summoned the fire
apparatus was turned in when a leak
in es tea m pipe at 3234 Ν street was
mistaken for a fire, police said.
Airman Killed in Crash.
MEXICO, D. F„ January 31 </P>.— ;
Kirby Russell, identified only as an !
airplane pilot from the United States, j
was reported in a dispatch from Ma- j
zatlan today to have been burned to !
death in a crash near San Ignacio
jjrhile flying supplies to a mining cam A
Witness"' Blushes
Admitting "Dates"
Stir Jury Women
By the Associated Press.
FLEMINGTON, N. J.. January
31.—One Hauptmann jury woman
giggled and the other three smiled,
while Elvert Carlstrom. young
Swede, sat in the witness chair
"Did you spend the hours from
1 to 5 a.m., March 2, in the
company of women?" Defense
Attorney Edward J. Reilly had
asked him.
The fair-haired Carlstrom,
who had said he saw Hauptmann
in a Bronx bakery the night of
the Lindbergh baby kidnaping,
said "yes"' reluctantly.
Mrs. May Brelsford, bespectacled
eighth juror, giggled behind her
hand, and 278-pound Mrs. Verna
Snyder smiled and pursed her
Mrs. Rosie Pill and Mrs. Ethel
Stockton at first kept grave faces
but finally smiled too.
Security Program Expected
to Assume Much of
Dole Burden.
'Cop\risht. 1935 bv the Associated Press I
The Federal Government, an au
thoritative source disclosed today, has
called a temporary halt in its drive to
return "unemployables" now remain
ing on its relief rolls back to the care
of States and localities.
Although Federal Emergency Relief
Administration officials said the goal
of their campaign is in sight, it was
indicated officially that the aged, crip
pled and other "unemployables" still
left on the rolls would be allowed to
remain there until after President
Roosevelt's social security program is
Last month, Harry L. Hopkins,
•mergency relief administrator, said he
would seek to remove all 1.500,000
"unemployable" families from the
Federal rolls to State and local care.
The first deadline mentioned was Feb
ruary 1—tomorrow—but later it was
indicated the transfer would be a more
gradual process
Security Plan Will Aid.
The campaign thus has been pro
gressing several weeks. Now. officials
said today, only 150,000 families in
this classification are wholly depend
ent on the Federal dole. Statistics on
how many are partly dependent were
not announced.
F. E. R. A. officials said that after
the President's security plan is passed
the old-age pensions and aid to de
pendent children provided in it will
care for the majority of the unem
They said also that the $880.000,000
for relief in the $4,880,000,000 work
and relief bill now before Congress will
help provide for unemployables until
the States, aided by the social security
program, can assume the burden. An
other function of this $880,000,000 is
to help provide for able-bodied job
less while the Government is swing
ing through its transition from dole
in trnrk relief.
When the Roosevelt administration
announced its decision about the un
;mployables in December, there were
Lwo reactions. One school of thought
hailed it, calling the States and local
ities the proper agencies to do the
job; another raised the question
whether they were financially able
to do it at present.
In an effort to get the work and
relief bill through Congress quickly,
tbtf Roosevelt administration has
yielded to demands from some legis
lators for more information on how
the money will be spent.
Rear Admiral Christian J. Peoples
was expected to lay data before the
Senate Appropriations Committee to
day. Peoples, who is mentioned for
a prominent post in the New York
relief set-up, and Acting Budget Di
rector Daniel Bell were closely ques
tioned yesterday in a session of the
committee, which is headed by Sen
ator Glass, Democrat, of Virginia.
Glass said Peoples was requested to
bring a list of the projects contem
plated and their cost. Indications of
a determined drive by some Senators
to change the provisions ' of the bill
which would confer broad powers on
President Roosevelt were seen in a re
mark by Glass that the bill would be
reported "in some form," probably be
fore February 10.
Pope Receives Mrs. Hawes.
•VATICAN CITY. January 31 (/*»).—
Pope Pius today received Mrs. Harry
Barton Hawes, wife of the former
United States Senator from Missouri.
Mr. and Mrs. Hawes are guests of Am
bassador Breckinridge Long.
Guide for Readers
After Dark B-4
Amusements ,....C-4-5
Comics D-4
Features C-6-7
Finance A-15-16-17
Lost and Found ·.... A-9
Radio C-2
Serial Story D-8
Service Orders B-14
Short Story B-ll
Society B-2
Sports ι
Man Asserts He
Saw Him in
Wilenlz Tries lo
Discredit Storv
of Carlstrom.
Running account o) today's tcsti
inony—Page A-6.
(Copyright. 1 by the Associated Press.)
FLEMINGTON. N. J., January 31 —
Bruno Richard Hauptmann's defense
sought today to break the State's cir
cumstantial murder evidence chain
with a third alibi witness to place
Hauptmann more than 60 miles away
from the kidnaping and murder of
baby Charles A. Lindbergh, jr.
Louis Kiss said he saw Hauptmann
in Christian Frederieksen's Bronx
bakery-restaurant shortly after 8:15
p.m. the night of March 1, 1932. His
word supported the testimony given
before him by Elvert Carlstrom. 27
year-old carpenter's heJper, and Mrs.
Anna Hauptmann, wife of the de
Meanwhile, in Ne» York, a woman
who offered to testify for the State
against Hauptmann in connection
with his spending of Lindbergh ran
som bills, was found unconscious,
bound and gagged, on the floor of her
beauty parlor in which a fire had
started. She was Pannette Rivkin.
I'nable to Tell Details.
A building superintendent rescued
her and she was taken to a hospital.
unaoie immediately to say wnai naa
happened to her, or who her assailants
The witness Kiss was made to ad
mit on cross-examination that he boot
legged rum before repeal, and Carl
strom wae forced to resort to a con
stitutional right when Attorney Gen
eral David A. Wilentz asked him
about his activity in Brooklyn after
he visited the bakery in the Bronx
where he said he saw Hauptmann.
Carlstrom said the answer would in
criminate him, but later explained
he was "in the company of women."
Both witnesses were closely cross
questioned on dates and places as
the State sought to show they had
poor memories.
Kiss completed his testimony as
luncheon recess was declared.
Called Reillv Last Sunday.
Louis Kiss, a silk artist, said he
read of Hauptmann's story of
taking Fredericksen's police dog out
on the night of the crime, and
then he remembered that he had
dropped into a Bronx bakery for a
cup of coffee on that night. He
called Defense Attorney Edward J.
Reilly's office last Sunday to tell
about it, he said.
Before he took the stand, Wilentz
continued and effort begun yes
terday to discredit the alibi tes
timony of Carlstrom and caused
that witness to resort to his con
stitutional right not to answer a
question which he said would in
criminate him. The question, con
cerning his activity in Brooklyn after
he left the Bronx bakery on the night
of March 1, 1932. was answered, how
ever, tin redirect examination when
Carlstrom explained he was "in the
company of women."
Wilentz to Call Larsen.
Wilentz indicated in other questions
that he intended to call Arthur Larsen
for rebuttal to testify that Carlstrom
spent the night of March 1, 1932. in a
house at Dunnellen, N. J., and could
not have been in the Bronx.
Kiss said that when he read Haupt
mann's testimony in the newspapers
the dog, the Bronx and the bakery
and the radio reports of the Lindbergh
(Continued on Page 7, Column 1.)
Socail Security Representative
Criticizes President in
Five-Minute Talk.
By the Associated Press.
A representative of the National
Congress for Unemployment an<i So
cial Insurance—Herbert Benjamin of
New York City—was forcibly ejected
from the House Ways and Means
Committee room today when he vig
orously criticized the Preai-Jen? and
the administration's .sovial murity
Insisting he must have time to ex
press "bitterness and resentment
against those who even now are at
tempting to euact a program of se
curity for wealth a'.d profit," Ben
jamin demanded that he be allowed
more than the five minute > given to
each witness to express his attitude
on the administration's bill.
Chairman Doughton said, however,
that "your testimony is developing
into a tirade against the committee
and the President of the United States,
so you have no right to continue."
The chairman called Lieut. D. H.
Crook of the Capitol police, who. with
the assistance of a plain clothes de
tective took the struggling Benjamin
from the committee room.
Benjamin was held in the Capitol
police station for a few minutes and
then released, *
Sweeping Changes En
visioned in Government
Supervision of Service.
Proposed Program Would Give
Country World Leadership,
Roosevelt Says.
Pointing to progress in aviation and
emphasizing the need for more ef
fective control of this and other forms
of transportation. President Roosevelt j
today submited to Congress a report
ot the Federal Aviation Commission
which carries 102 recommendations
for permanent Federal aviation poli- j
The commission's recommendations,
if enacted, would result in reorganiza- |
tion from the foundations of every j
form of civil and military air control.
The President agreed with all of the
commission's recommendations except
one calling for creation of a temporary
Air Commerce Commission. He ob
jected on the ground that aviation
and all other transportation should be
regulated by a consolidated agency |
ana that the Government should avoid
"the multiplication of separate regir- ι
latory agencies in the field of trans -
Suggests F. C. C. Division.
Mr. Roosevelt suggested that until
a permanent consolidated itgency is
created a division of the Interstate 1
Commerce Commission ' can well
serve the needs of air trai:.cona
The recommendations of the com
mission are designed to maintain for :
the United States "a pout ici» of world
I leadership" in aeronautics. They are
! intended to strengthen air transporta
Î tion in the United States and under
the United States flag over the seas
and in foreign countries. They call
j for Government-built lirships to en
gage in trans-oceanic service. Merg
ing of the Army and Navy air forces
; is opposed, but re^jmn.rndations are
made that both arms be strengthened
and made more effective.
Reorganization of the airmail sys
tem in virtually every detail, with abo
lition of the contract principle of
award and the granting of outright ,
subsidies where needed; establishment
of ocean airmail and transport serv
ice by airplane and airship: thorough {
I reorganization of Federal aeronautical 1
activities, including the creation of a
new Air Commerce Commission, and
strengthening of the Nation's air de
fense organization are covered.
I Establishment of the relationship j
between the Federal Government and
the aviation industry upon a perma- J
nent basis intended io "maintain a !
! position of world leadership in air 1
transport" is proposed.
Although details of the report have
j just become public, it is understood
that definite steps already are being
taken to embody the new state- |
ments of policy in legislation, and it ;
is expected many of the important !
features of the report will find their
way into national law during the
present session of Congress. One sec- ■
tion of the report suggests a consti
tutional amendment giving the Fed
eral Government authority to regulate
aviation within States which do not j
enact uniform laws governing aero- ;
Fundamental Policy.
The report is regarded as the moôt :
important statement of a funda- !
mental national air policy ever drawn, j
Its results are expected to be more
far-reaching than even those of the
j famous Morrow commission, which
established the aviation policies under
which the Federal Government has
operated for more than eight years
The commission's policy recom
mendations call for scrapping of vir
tually the entire airmail law enacted
last year, fqjlowing the cancellation
of all airmail contracts. It would
vest the supervision not only of air
mail. but of all transport development
in a new non-partisan air commerce
commission with "broad supervisory
and regulatory power over civil aero
nautics. and particularly over domes
tic and foreign air transport."
Finding that the security of do
mestic air transportation is jeopardized
by terms of the existing airmail con- |
(Continued on Page 3, Column 1.)
$141821 IN 0. C.
Utilities Commission Orders
New Rates Into Effect
at Midnight.
A total reduction of $147.821. which
is approximately $7.000 more than
called for in the company schedules,
was ordered today in the electric
power rates in the District by the
Public Utilities Commission. The new
rates will become effective at mid
night tonight.
The greatest portion of this reduc
tion was in the domestic rates. The
electric bilk of District housewives
will be reduced $73.293 as a result of
the order.
A reduction of $7.092 was made in
the schedule C. composed of apart
ment buildings and other hall
Approximately $60.000 was cut from
the electric bills of commercial users
of electric energy.
In the domestic schedule the reduc
tion of $73.293 was applied almost
entirely to the users of between 50 and
100 kiloaat hours monthly.
The company submitted a proposed
schedule of rates which involved a re
duction of $139,894.30 and Β. M Bach
man. expert for the commission, asked
for a reduction of $147,500.58. The
commission's rate of reduction as set
in the order today exceeded both these
The order stated that an investiga
tion of the company's property has
been going on for several months, and
will be continued in an effort to secure
accurate information upon which to
base future rates.
Defendants to Make Apology and
Split Costs. Says Former
Boston Woman.
By the Associated Press.
LONDON. January 31.—The libel
suii brought by the Dowager Duchess
of Marlborough against distributors of
an American monthly magazine was
settled out of court today.
The duchess, the former Gladys
Deacon of Boston. Mass.. alleged the
magazine contained a "scurrilous
lampoon" on her character.
Counsel for the duchess later an
nounced that "the terms of the settle
ment are that every one of the defend
ants offer an unqualified apology in
the broadest and most public terms
possible and that every one of the
defendants agree to contribute certain
sums toward costs and damages."
Lupescu Banishment Talked.
BUCHAREST, Rumania. January
31 (IF).—Unconfirmed rumors were
heard today that a royal agreement
had been reached to banish Mme.
Lupescu, King Carols friend, from
Ship and Plane Speed to Aid
Man Marooned in Chesapeake
A Coast Guard airplane and cutter j
sped today to the rescue of a Biologi
cal Survey game agent, marooned for
10 days and believed starving on ice
locked Holland Island in Chesapeake
Bay. near the mouth of the Potomac.
As Lieut. Comdr. Carl C. von Paul
sen of the Coast Guard took off from
Anacostia Naval Air Station shortly
before noon with food for the agent,
the cutter Apache was reported
making its way through the ice from
Norfolk in an effort to reach the island.
A thick sheet of ice formed over the
bay after Cornelius Wallace, 29-year
old deputy United States game man
agement agent, went to Holland Island
in a light motor boat from his home
at Fishing Creek on Maryland's East
ern Shore.
Wallace had food supplies for four
days and no immediate alarm was felt
for his safety. As time passed and the
ice piled up in the shallow waters
about the island, however^t became
apparent that Wallace could not
break through with his light boat.
The agent's failure to report to his
headquarters at Cambridge. Md.. was
communicated to the Washington
office of the Biological Survey,
and immediate rescue efforts were
launched. A small Coast Guard air
plane happened to be at the local air
station undergoing radio tests. Food
was stowed aboard and Comdr. von
Paulsen left with the intention of
dropping the provisions to Wallace.
Wallace had gone to the island to
investigate reports that hunters were
poaching on the haunts of migratory
birds in that vicinity.
At least one small shack is on the
island, although officials here said it
was without windows. The island af
fords enough firewood for warmth, but
fears were felt that Wallace had ex
hausted his stock of food in the first
few days.
Holland Island is about 12 miles
southwest of Crlsfleld, Md., and Is
comparatively small. Λ
Blood for Child
To Check Throat
Infection Asked
Recent Streptococcus Pa
tient Seeded, as Regular
Transfusions Fail.
Blood from some person who has
recently recovered from streptococcus
infection or a severe sore throat is
needed for a transfusion for a patient
at Children's Hospital.
The child there, Patricia Carlisle,
1351 Montague" street, is stricken with
this kind cf sore throat. Regular
transfusions have failed to effect an
Volunteers, who will be reimbursed,
can get in touch with the superin
tendent at Children's Hospital.
Borah Resolution Protests
Religious Program and
Proposes Inquiry.
Senator Borah, Republican, of
Idaho, today introduced a resolution
which would put the Senate squarely
on record as protesting "the anti
religious campaign and practices of
the present rulers of Mexico."
The Senate, under the terms of the
resolution, would condemn the "cruel
ties and brutalities" that have accom
panied the campaign against the pro
fession and practice of religious belief
by Americans of all religious faiths
now living in Mexico. It calls upon
the government of Mexico to halt
this campaign, and finally the resolu
tion provides that the Foreign Rela
tions Committee conduct hearings and
receive evidence relating to religious
persecution in Mexico "for the pur
pose of determining the policy of
the United States in reference to this
vital problem and in what way we
may best serve the cause of tolerance
and religious freedom."
Referred to Committee.
The Borah resolution was referred
to the Foreign Relations Committee.
Several Senators have been looking
into the alleged anti-religious cam
paign of the Mexican government.
Borah was picked to offer the resolu
tion, on behalf of the group.
Senator Walsh. Democrat, of Massa
chusetts, said today In discussing the
"For some time past, a group of
United States Senators has been giv
ing attention to the large number of
protests originating with religious, fra
ternal and interdenominational so
cieties of all sects directed against the
anti-religious policies of the present
Mexican Government.
"Many resolutions of protest have
been received indicating the existence
of serious abuses against members of
various Christian faiths domiciled in
Mexico. * · *
"Attention was given to devising
some method by which the continu
ance of these anti-religious practices
might be curbed, and as a result of
several conferences, participated in by
members of this senatorial group and
Interdenominational and religious so
cieties, including the national officers
of the Knights of Columbus. Senator
Borah was selected to submit a reso
lution of protest to the Senate de
signed to investigate the conditions
complained of, with a view, if pos
sible, to taking some affirmative action
for their eradication."
Senator Walsh has been chairman
of the group that has given attention
to this matter. He said he expected
the Senate to take prompt and fa
vorable action on the resolution. In
that event hearings will be held soon.
Anti-Jewish Boycott Spreads.
MUNICH, Germany, January 31
(IP).—The renewed anti-Jewish boy
cott has spread to Bavaria. Pickets
were pacing in front of Jewish stores
today exhorting Munich residents to
buy "only from Arsani."
Rules Committee Backs In
quiry, but Exempts
Juvenile Court.
A resolution giving the Special
Crime Investigating Committee of the ι
House formal authority to make a
sweeping investigation of vice and
gambling in the District was ordered j
favorably reported today by the Rules ;
The Crime Committee already has
started its inquiry and held several
hearings, but without authority to
subpoena witnesses and records and
I place «■ itneaaes under oeth—a power
which the resolution is designed to ,
At the insistence of Lehlbach. an >
amendment was agreed to which will
prevent the committee from inquiring
into Judge Bentley's action in that
case or delving into the reason for
any decision of a District judge.
The resolution introduced by Repre
sentative Randolph, Democrat, of
West Virginia, chairman of the In
vestigating Committee, was discussed
in detail by the Rules Committee. As
a result, several amendments were
adopted, one of which will require
Randolph to make a report on the
results of the inquiry to the House
during the present session of Con
gress. Under the original phrase
ology. the committee could have made
its report any time during the Sev
enty-fourth Congress.
rurpusrs uuiimea.
Randolph and Chairman Norton of
the House District Committee steered
the resolution through the Rules
Committee by outlining the purpose
of the investigation, and the hopes of
the committee to make Washington a
model for the Nation in law enforce
Mrs. Norton and Randolph told the
committee the inquiry was inspired by
a marked increase in crime in the
District. Randolph declared crime
had grown at an "alarming rate." and
that Washington led all cities in the
country last year in the number of
murders, and stood second on the list
in robberies. So far this month, he
said, there have been three murders.
Chairman O'Connor of the Rules
Committee agreed with Mrs. Norton
and Randolph that Washington
should take the lead in law enforce
ment because the Capital is the shrine
of the Nation.
Fear was expressed by Representa
tive Lehlbach, Republican, of New
Jersey, that the resolution might give
the Investigating Committee too much
authority He said he did not believe
the committee should probe into ques
tions of "judicial discretion."
Boys' Case Referred To.
Lehlbach had reference to the re
cent action of Judge Pay L. Bentley
of the Juvenile Court in sentencing
two 15-year-old boys to the National
Training School on a charge of "joy
riding" in a stolen automobile
Lehlbach declared he could not
understand why the committee would
want to inquire into the judicial ac
tivities of a court "that sends boys
to a parental home."
Representative Sabath. Democrat, of
Illinois, suggested that the committee
inquire thoroughly into the gambling
situation because he believed it was
responsible for some of the crime con
ditions. He pointed out that young
men who lost money gambling might
be influenced to "cheat and steal" to
make up their losses.
Sabath also urged a thorough in
vestigation into the parole system
after Mrs. Norton had pointed out
that District records showed there
were few convictions in comparison
with the number of crimes committed
and that a large number of criminals
had been paroled in recent years.
An increase in the Metropolitan Po
lice force was urged by Representative
Smith. Democrat, of Virgiria, as one of
the most important crime deterrents.
Mrs. Norton agreed with him.
Randolph revealed during the hear
ing on the resolution that Repre
sentative Blanton, Democrat, of Texas,
had requested permission to testify be
fore the Crime Committee when hear
ings are resumed tomorrow at 10.30
In a signed statement given to a
representative of The Star recently,
Blanton charged that Washington po
lice were protecting law violators.
Wilder Tells Probers "Pres
sure" After Conference
Caused Higher Costs.
Gravem Denies He Offered Serv
ices of '"Fixer1' to Florida
By the Associated Presô.
The opinion that "political près
sure" applied on the Navy after a
conference at Hyde Park had brought
naval shipbuilding contract awards in
1933 at greatly increased prices was
given the Senate Munitions Commit
tee today by Laurence R. Wilder, a
"The awards were made exactly as
bid," Wilder testified, referring to
previous assertions that the "big
three" companies had asked about
$12,000,000 each for building cruisers,
although one of the companies pre
viously nad undertaken construction of
one of the craft at $8,300,000.
Navy Protest Charged.
Wilder, stalwart 6-foot chairman
of the Board of Gulf Industries of
Pensacola, declared he had heard the
Navy protested the award.
A conference was held July 29, he
said he was informea. at which rep
resentatives of the "big three" and
the Secretary of the Navy discussed
the bids on a 27-ship program.
Subsequently, he said, two admirals.
S. M. Robinson and Emory S. Land,
went to Hyde Park
On August 3. 1933, after the visit
to Hyde Park, Wilder continued, the
awards were made.
"The awards were made exactly as
bid, no reduction." Wilder declared,
rising to his feet to emphasize bis
Before Wilder left the stand he tes
tified he had made an offer to the
Navy Department to build two or
three of the cruisers at $10,000.000,
or about $2.000.000 below the level at
which the awards were made.
"I think the Navy was coerced,
forced by political pressure to make
these awards." he testified.
He said "tremendous political pres
sure" had been applied on the Navy
Department on naval construction,
"beginning in the post-Spanish War
In the period between the Spanish
and World Wars, he said, the Navy
Department was "forced to put all
the armor plate possible on ships,
whether it wanted it or not."
Says Navy Is in Vise.
"I feel the Navy is in a vise con
troled by these three yards." Wilder
declared, listing the New York Ship
building Co.. the Bethlehem Ship
building Co. and the Newport News
Shipbuilding & Dry dock Co.
How do they apply this force?"
Senator Bone, Democrat, of Washing
ton asked.
Wilder then said an official of the
Electric Boat Co. had threatened to
have a commander Welsh removed
from his post at the company's yards
if he refused to approve certain boats
sought by the Navy.
Plat denial that he had offered the
services of a "fixer to get naval build
ing jobs for shipyards" for a con
sideration was made by Axel B.
Gravem before the committee.
Gravem Shows Emotion.
Gravem. slender, pale faccd and
wearing spats, testified in a voice
emphatic and filled with emotion.
"I did not." he said, in reply to a ·
committee question whether he had
offered the services of a "fixer" t«
Wilder to get him naval shipbuild
ing contracts for his Gulf Industries,
which the company had failed to get
by regular bidding.
Wilder testified yesterday such a
proposition had been made him by
Gravem on behalf of the "fixer."
Gravem said he had offered Wilder
the aid of Arthur P. Homer in prepar
ing designs and "possibly to get finan
cial aid" in setting Gulf Industries
in order for bidding on naval jobs.
Asked whether he had cited a figure
of $250,000 for services of Homer as
a "fixer" in having the shipbuilding
program extended in 1933 so Wilder
would get business. Gravem bounded
to his feet shouting:
"Ridiculous and preposterous."
Gravem later said Homer was a
naval architect with a distinguished
(Continued on Page 4. Column 1.)
Lieut. Robert C. Hazen's Mother
Listed as Besident of
Ballston. Va.
The body of Lieut. (Junior Grade)
Hobert C. Hazen. United States Navy,
whose mother is shown in naval rec
ords as residing in Ballston, Va., was
found today by divers in the cockpit
of his submerged plane in about 25
feet of water in Linkhorn Bay, near
Virginia Beach, Va.
Lieut. Hazen had been missing since
his plane crashed about 7 p.m. Tues
day during night flying maneuvers
Piloting a bombing plane of V. B.
Squadron 5. attached to the new air
craft carrier U. S. S. Ranger, the
lieutenant had been operating with
the Fleet Air Detachment. Naval Air
Station, at Norfolk.
Lieut. Hazen's mother, according to
naval records, is Mrs. Cora Hazen. He
was born in Carrington, N. Dak.. April
9, 1906. and qualified as a naval
aviator in 1931^

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