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(Ό S Westher Bureau forecast.) Fair, warmer tonight, minimum tem perature about 26 degrees; tomorrow fall ; moderate southwest and west winds. Temperatures—Highest, 34, at noon to day; lowest, 16, at 5 a.m. today. Full report on page A-I2. Closing Ν. Y Markets, Paces 10 and 11 The only evening paper in Washington with the Associated Press News and Wirephoto Services. Yesterday's Circulation, 131,573 Some Returns Not Yet Received NqQ 1 1Q Kntered as second class matter O. 00,l*ti7· post office. Washington, D. C. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 2, 1935—TWENTY-FOUR PAGES. ** 14») Means Associated Press. TWO CENTS. STATE PREPARES 1 ATTACK ON BRUNO EFFORT TO BLAME ' MU FORCRIME * Wilentz, Heartened by Con flicts in Defense Witness' ✓ Testimony, to Fight Shift ing Guilt to Dead Couple. REILLY AIDE CRITICAL OF EXPERT'S TESTIMONY Trial Will Last All Next Week, Observers Believe—Statement on Ladder Reported Offered by Former Jersey State Employe. Student's Testimony Expected. (Copyright. 1033. by the Associated Press.) FLEMINGTON. N. J.. February 2.— The shadowy figures of Violet Sharpe and Isador Fisch. lone since dead, were projected once more in uncertain out line against the background of Bruno Richard Hauptmann's defense today In his trial for the murder of the Lindbergh baby. Into what part of the kidnaping puzzle the defense planned to place 4 them was not explained as a week end recess cut short the trial until Monday. Previously the State exonerated Violet Sharpe. the maid in the Morrow home, who committed suicide when the investigation was at its height. Chief Defense Counsel Edward J. Reilly earlier declared he would not 1 attempt to link Fisch. Hauptmann's former business partner, with the actual kidnaping. But through a surprise witness the defense yesterday adduced testimony vaguely linking to the crime the Mor row maid and the German fur dealer, who is accused by Hauptmann of leav ing behind him the $14.000 ransom money when he went to Germany to » aie. The witness was Peter H. Sommer, a former fingerprint man in the New York City Magistrate Courts. Saw Couple and Child. Sommer related how he saw a woman resembling Violet Sharpe and a man who looked like Fisch board a Forty-second street cross-town car. in New York City at a Jersey ferry ter minal. bearing a blond baby dressed in a one-piece sleeping suit A second man assisted them, he said. This was on the night of the kidnaping, March 1. 1932, he testified. Sommer's story was due for a sharp attack Monday by Attorney General David T. Wilentz when trial is re sumed. In cross-examination yesterday the attorney general produced what he I considered damaging conflicts in Som mer s testimony and ordered a full investigation of the witness' back ground over the week end. Sommer, who charged the attorney » general with trying to confuse him, floundered about in a maze of "I wouldn't say yes and I wouldn't say no" answers when court adjourned John M. Trendley. 67-year-old hand writing expert of East St. Louis, 111., J I was the only other defense witness of ' I the day. His testimony, under the ! careful guidance of defense counsel, I f was directed in refutation of the con- ' tention by State experts that Haupt- ' mann was the author of the random ! note left in the Lindbergh nursery ! Chief Defense Counsel Reilly was i busily engaged m New York today in- i terviewing some 35 prospective defense witnesses. "If I can get through 10 witnesses I * ^sha11 certainly rest the defense ■ case Thursday," Reilly said. J Final Drive Prepared. The prosecution staff was equally optimistic of the possibility of con cluding the trial by the end of next week, and took advantage of the week end recess to make ready for the final Intensive drive preparatory to giving the case to the jury. K George Κ Large, special assistant attorney general, said the verdict would probably come next Saturday In the event the defense wound up its testimony by Thursday, and added ne did not consider Hauptmann's de fense sufficiently strong to require1 many rebuttal witnesses. ι A person who has no more de fense than that ought to plead guilty," Large said of the defendant. "Ob viously the rebuttal by the State Is being reduced by the breakdown of defense witnesses. What Is there to rebut?" But despite the optimism of both legal staffs, a feeling persisted In court tnat It would require somewhat longer ΐ?Λη a to brlnS the case to a defense average has so tar been but two witnesses a day 2™ £ V?e extent of cross-examina - n by the prosecution^ Wilentz in (Continued on Page ^Column ej" GREEN TO ASSUME WORLD LABOR PLACE A. F. of L Head to Represent American Workers on Inter national Body. Br the Associated Press. GENEVA, February Ζ.—ΊΙ was offi cially announced today thft William Green, president of the American Federation of Labor, will be the Amer ican member of the International Labor Organization here. The announcement meant that or ganized American labor has thrown Its force into the International Labor Organization practically without re serve. A temporary delegate to the American Federation pledged the A. F. of L. to collaborate with every con structive labor effort at Geneva in order to seek "greater social justice." Leon Jouhaux, French labor leader, , made a speech In which he expressed the joy of labor representatives of all , countries at the co-operation of Amer ican labor. Roadhouse Visit Furnishes Alibi For Violet Sharpe By the Associated Presr FLEMINGTON, N. J., February 2.— The State of New Jersey will clear the name of Violet Sharpe, injected into the Lindbergh kidnap case by the defense, Assistant Attorney Gen eral Robert Peacock said today. Miss Sharp, a maid in the home of Mrs. Dwight W. Morrow, mother of Mrs. Charles A. Lindbergh, com mitted suicide when she was to be questioned for the fourth time by officers investigating the .kidnaping. Peter H. Sommer, a "surprise" de fense witness, yesterday testified that he saw a woman who resembled the maid carrying a blond baby entering a Forty-second street crosstown trol ley car near the Hudson River ferry house the night of the kidnaping. Servants from the Morrow house hold and Ernest Miller, Englewood. the man Miss Sharpe was with the kidnap night will be called during the State's rebuttal "to account for every hour" of that night. Peacock said. She went to a roadhouse, which had been forbidden to the servants by Mrs. Morrow, and was fearful of losing her job. Peacock said. The young woman was home by 11 pm„ the prosecutor added. NEW DEAL READY < FOR GOLD VERDICT Early Decision Seen Indi cated by Meeting of Justices Today. By the Associated Press. The Roosevelt administration was reported today, to have completed all preparations for any swift monetary action it may consider necessary after the Supreme Court rules on the gold cases. This word was passed in authorita tive quarters as observers watched for another Saturday conference of the nine justices on whom President Roosevelt's money policy hinges. The court was expected to gather again in the quiet chambers m the Capitol where executive and legislative actions are measured by the constitutional yardstick. Many believed the high court would deliver on Monday its decision in the cases attacking the Government's ab rogation of the gold clause. This im pression was so prevalent that the Capital and much of the world was set for a nerve-strained week end. Nothing was certain. There was a possibility the ruling might not come for another week or two. But ad ministration officials, while express ing every confidence that the Govern ment would be upheld, were taking no chances of being caught unawares. It was understood the plans called for almost instantaneous moves to meet any eventuality. 100 Billion Involved. Involved in the cases were some $100,000,000,000 of Government and private contracts. Should the court determine that they should be paid in terms oi the pre-devaluation gold content of the dollar, it would add $69,000,000,000 to these debts. The Securities and Exchange Com mission was considering closing all 47 exchanges from New York to San Francisco during the period in which the court may act. Recognizing that uncertainty about the gold cases has already caused depressed quotations in many markets, the members were known to be anxious to guard against fluctuations of an extreme nature. Under the law, the commission may close any or all exchanges for a period of 90 days in time of emergency. Exactly what the administration would do in case of an adverse de cision has not been announced, but it was believed that several courses of action, by legislation or otherwise, had been drawn up In an attempt to meet any conceivable verdict. Points at Issue. The securijie named in the gold cases at issue total only $34,665,000— which is a mere trifle compared to the $100,000,000,000 involved. They embrace both Government and private bonds and the "yellow back" currency—which has been called in* by the administration. Their holders contend the Government had no right to abrogate the provision calling for payment in gold or its equivalent. Here is a summary of the four ac tions on which the Supreme Court Is to rule: John M. Perry of New York, holder of $10,000 in Liberty bonds, asked they be redeemed either in gold or in $16,931 in present currency. The old gold dollar, he says. Is equivalent to $1.69 in present money. F. Eugene Nortz of New York seeks to recover $64,334, which he says is the difference between what he re ceived for $106,300 in gold certificates and what they actually were worth In the devalued dollar. The Bankers' Trust Co. of New York and William H. Bixby, trustees for $34,548,000 in Iron Mountain Railroad bonds, demand that they be paid in gold or its equivalent In pres ent currency. Norman C. Norman of New York, owner of a $1,000 Baltimore St Ohio Railroad bond, seeks to obtain $38.10 for a $22.50 fhterest coupon as the present day equivalent of the latter amount. MAIS AND LEGENZA ELECTROCUTED FOR KILLINUND First to Die at 7:50 A.M. Today Admits Helping Plan Mail Robbery. LEGENZA KEEPS SILENT ON ROLE IN CRIME Accused Gunman Is Taken to Death in Wheelchair—Leg Cast Removed. Newspaper Worker, Execution Witness, Confined in Prison By the Associated Press. RICHMOND, Va., February 2. —"Dick" Cook, superintendent of the Richmond News Leader press room, was locked in the state Penitentiary today becausc he was among those chosen to wit ness the electrocution of gang sters Robert Mais and Walter Legenza. His newspaper asked that he be confined. The request was made because publication of a description of the scene is against the Virginia law and tne ppper did not want to be accused of smuggling out the story of the execution. By the Associateu Press STATE PENITENTIARY, Rich mond, Va., February 2—Gangland careers of murder, kidnaping and rob bery ended today in the electric chair for Robert Mais and Walter Legenza. Mais, still suffering from six ma chine-gun bullet wounds, went first, at 7:50 a.m. Saturnine, poker-faced Legenza followed 16 minutes later, at 8:06 a m. They were electrocuted for the mur der of Ewell M Huband. during a mail truck robbery here last March 9. The notorious tri-State gang which they led, however, had a record of two known murders and several .uspected killings, a kidr aping and numerous robberies. Shivering in the chill air of a Win ter daybreak. Mais told Supt. Rice M Youell that he was not present at the slaying of Huband. but that he was present when the robbery was planned. Legenza maintained a stoclal silence Legenza In Wheel Chair. Mais walked to the chair accom panied by two guards. Legenza was taken in a wheel chair, unable to walk because of two broken legs suffered in leaping over an embankment to escape Philadelphia police A plaster cast was removed from Legenza's right leg to permit affixing of the electrode. A cast on his lelt leg was not removed. Last-hour spiritual ministration* and prayers were said by Prison Chap lain R. V. Lancaster and Col. Fred Seiler of the Salvation Army. Both men refused breakfast before electrocution. The executions were carried out be fore a jury of witnesses as provided by law. Newspaper men '■eceived an nouncement of the deaths in the cfflce of the prison board from William C. McCraw, secretary of the bo?ra Asked how the men stood the ordeal, he saio: Ί did not see it." ΟΟΙΠ UCI 1WU ΛΠΟΓΚ> The switch was pulied by a guard whose name was withheld. B:iih men received two shocks, ana were pro nounced dead by Dr. Herbert Mann, prison physician. Maj. Youell said it was "saotly two minutes in each instance iront the time the switch was thrown untU the physician pronounced the mar. dead. Both gangsters were pale. Legenza naturally so because of his injuries which necessitated blood transi usions in New York. Hoods were placed ever their heads just before the deadly cut - rent was turned on. A witness said neither showed a lack of nerve at the last. He said Mais appeared to mumble something, but that it was inaudible. ( The bodies were removed from the prison shortly after the execution. They were claimed by Mrs. Elizabeth Mais, mother of Robert, and the boay of her son probably will be taken to her in Philadelphia. Legenza is ex pected to be buried here. Defense Précautions Taken. Elaborate precautions against a last minute effort on the part of gang associates to "spring" the men were taken by prison authorities. Lii.es of policemen were outside the pi lson (Continued on Page 2, Column 3.) COL. W. B. GREELEY HURT OLYMPIA, Wash., February 2 W).— Col. W. B. Greeley, 51, former chief of the United States Forest Service, was seriously injured here last night when struck by a truck. He is secretary-manager of the West Coast Lumbermen's Association. ΐ RiOWi. THAT SHADOW! STATES BATTLING TO AID JOBLESS Extra Taxes Are Being Pressed as Government » Shifts Burden. By the Associated Press. State Legislatures, like ships of mercy In a stubborn storm, are pushing under forced draft today to the rescue of the Nation's unemployed. The Federal tug, stoked by billions, has signalled she cannot hope by her self to outride the gale with her tow of jobless poor. Some States already have lowered moet of the lifeboats and are casting about for new or.es—sales taxes, in come taxes, bond issues, liquor rev enues. Governors Act. State Governors have sent appeals urging the Federal Government to continue to direct the rescue. They will do all they can, they say, but their own supplies are low. "Situation extremely serious" says Pennsylvania. That State needs $20, 902,750 for February. The full extent of the need is clouded by widely conflicting accounts. The estimates of the number of per sons needing relief range from 10 to 20 million. Delaware's relief commission is without funds today, and operating on credit. With 48.607 persons In Nebraska receiving Federal relief, most counties have no relief funds and the Legis lature has appropriated none. Arizona's allotment for the first two weeks of this month will exhaust all F. Ε R. A funds in that State. Each relief case has been cut $1 in an effort to spread succor. Π..Ι ■ ■— - I IIll I vASIllg, Connecticut's relief director says the need is increasing. Continued cold weather has aug mented demands on Vermont's relief agencies, mostly local. Maine's relief organization Is spending $750,000 a month. New York State has $40,000,000 for the year and needs another $10. 000.000, In addition to a sum nearly as large which New York City alone le trying to raise by means of a 2 per cent sales tax. One more week will exhaust the P. E. R. A. funds which have been keeping 50.000 Massachusetts persons on work relief. Millions of dollars are needed. North Carolina has 70,000 persons on work relief rolls. Federally financed. No State relief legislation is pending. ! Indiana's relief toll of 127.316 per sons was a 6.1 per cent climb from November, and the cost of Indiana relief In December—$4,370,049—was 7.2 per cent above November. Many on Relief. One out of every six Kentucky families is on relief. Approximately 1931000 Florldians were in the same situation In Janu ary. but this represents a decline of about 45,000 from December figures. South Carolina is considering va rious relief measures, including old age pensions, mothers' aid and work men's compensation bills. Idaho, responding to charges that politics had figured In relief allot ments. reclassified her 27.000 relief cases and reduced the number about 25 per cent. Virginia's various counties have been informed they must prepare to resume direct relief. The only State help there is a "stagger system" used to rotate jobs on highway construction programs. Missouri legislators are considering raising a needed additional $6,000,000 by Increasing the sales tax. Oregon found $250,000 of State liquor profits a life-saver In its February relief program. Burden Put on Communities. New Hampshire, shorn of Federal help, has put the relief problem square ly on the shoulders of communities and counties. Federal relief is expected to be resumed soon. Nevada's only relief is from the Federal Government. New Jersey, with $7,000,000 of Fed eral funds to see her through February. Is considering a 2 per cent sales tax and a State Income tax to meet future relief needs The word from West Virginia today is: "The Relief Administration is In a much better position than »t any time since the beginning of the relief pro· gram. One out of every four Weat Virginia families in on reliet. Demands for relief have Increased slightly under tfMTTntl QMdl, Opposition Arises To Naming of First Texas Woman Judge By the Associated Press. DALLAS, Tex.. February 2.— Appointment of State Represent ative Sarah T. Hughes, as the first woman District Court judge In Texas met with opposition today. "She is a married woman and should be at home washing dishes or something else " declared State Senator Claud C. Westerfield after being informed that Gov. James V. Allred had appointed Mrs. Hughes to the bench of the Fourteenth District Court. He added he did not think the 38 year-old woman "temperament ally" fitted for the position. A graduate of Goucher. College, Baltimore, and the George Wash ington Law School, Mrs. Hughes has practiced law here for the past 12 years. HULL MAY EXPLAIN CHADGEJY PEEK Senators Consider Calling Secretary to Describe Cotton Trading. Br the Associated Press. Senators on the Agriculture Com- I mittee considered calling Secretary of j State Hull today to answer an asser tion by George N. Peek, special trade adviser to the President, that the State Department forestall a 500,000-bale cotton trade with Germany. The incident recalled a difference of opinion between Hull and Peek over methods by which the United States should seek to expand its foreign com merce. Senator Smith, Democrat of South Carolina, chairman of the com mittee. said yesterday he would like to hear what the Secretary had to say about Peek's statement. Hull testified Thursday before the committee on the State Department's efforts to stimulate trade through the negotiation of reciprocal agreements embodying the most-favored-nation principle. Peek "Yankee Trader." Peek, opposing this method, is an advocate of the school of "Yankee j trading." On the stand yesterday. Peek as serted that the State Department had blocked the cotton deal with Ger many after it had been approved by the Agriculture and Treasury Depart ments. He cited this as typical of what he described as "interference he had encountered in his effort* to stimulate international trade. Recommending the creation of a unified board to administer expert and import trading of the United States, he said such an agency was necessary because 50 "or more" gov ernmental agencies now are con cerned with the problem. Congress Blamed. Senator Smith attributed to Con gress some of the responsibility for the decline In America's foreign trade. Without being specific, he .said: "The first thing we need to do is to clean our Congress and put some people in who can run things. When the American people are sufficiently educated In adversity they will send statesmen Instead of politicians to Congress." UNIVERSITY GUARDED AFTER FATAL RIOT Political Battle Follows Protest of Belgrade Students Against Arrest of Comrade·. Br the Associated Press. BELGRADE, Yugoslavia, February 2.—Police patrolled the Belgrade Uni versity district stringently today after a riot in which a student was killed, 17 wounded and a police official seri ously Injured. Eight hundred students seized the university building yesterday in pro test against Communist comrades' imprisonment at a concentration camp. Hiey were ejected after a police battle Dr. Djaja. university rector, re turned from the camp and reported the plight of the students there vas exaggerated. Demonstrating against the rector, the students' differences developed <w>/> & dttpiMitfr political I NEW FIGHT ON AID MEASURE DRAFTED Eight Republican Senate Committee Members to Meet in Parley. Βj the Assoeltted P es·. Eight Republican Senators called a meeting for today in an attempt to curb powers given President Roosevelt in the $4,880,000.000 relief bill, while Democratic leaders predicted it would pass with only slight changes. The eight are members of the Ap propriations Committee Four days of executive hearings by the commit tee ended yesterday with the testimony of Secretary Ickes. Though there have been expressions of dissatisfaction by some Democratic Senators as well as Republicans, the majority leaders were planning an attempt to put the bill through next week. Would Split Fnnd. Senator McNary of Oregon, minority leader, said the Republicans undoubt edly would propose, if the Democrats refrained from doing so, the separa tion of the $880.000,000 authorization for direct reliei from the huge work fund. He also forecast an amendment to strike out the entire section authoriz ing the President to "guarantee" loans to needy individuals, to make grants, loans or contracts at his discretion, and to acquire by purchase or the power of "eminent domain" any real or personal property and dispose of it. With such power, the Republicans contended, the executive could con fiscate almost anything he pleased and dispose of it with equal discretion. Byrnes Would Make Change. Concerning authority to "guarantee loans to. or payment of, needy in dividuals" Senator Byrnes, Democrat, of South Carolina, chief assistant to Chairman Glass of the Appropriations Committee, said he agreed this lan guage should be eliminated. Such loans are known to have been made in rare Instances from relief funds, but some Senators believe they should cease. The proposal to segregate the $880. 000.000 may gain strength, .some legis lators thought, in view of an an nouncement by Relief Administrator Hopkins that direct grants to the needy will have to stop in a few days unless more money is appropriated. With Glass and some other mem bers of the committee still expressing dissatisfaction with administration explanations as to how the work fund is to be distributed, there was a pos sibility the Budget Bureau would be asked for further light. Forty-Eight Carried From Fire. MARSHALL, Mich., February 2 Of) —Forty-eight women—old and Infirm —were carried to safety this morning when fire broke out in the basement of the east wing of the Calhoun County Infirmary. Firemen said the blaze started directly beneath the rooma of Mr. and Mrs. A. D. Beggs, superintendent and matron. Twelve Be$cued From Floe. HANCOCK, Mich., February 2 OP) · —Twelve hardy fishermen on Kewee naw Peninsula, Michigan's norther moet point, turned back to their ne's and lines in Keweenaw Bay today unmoved by a perilous adventure yes terday when they were rescued from a drifting ice floe that threa'enrd to carry them out into Lake Supirlor. BAYONETS GUARD COURT AS FOES OF LONG FACE QUIZ Accused Plotters Haled Be fore Kingfish for Grilling. BOURGEOIS EXONERATED BY VICTIM OF SHOT Head of Square Dealers Charges Lie to Witness Who Says He Is "Yellow." Βj the Associated Press. BATON ROUGE, La., February 2 — Foemen who have been accused by Huey Long of planning his assassina tion were haled today before him and his court inquiry into the "plot." Cold steel was the antidote which awaited any outbreak of the fever of hatred surging through the Baton Rouge area. Bayonets ruled the capi tal as the dictator-Senator—"Lawyer Long" for the moment—quizzed wit nesses in an attempt to show that prominent officials and citizens sought to "rub him out." Statements by anti-Long leaders and mass meeting resolutions handed the lie last night to testimony heard yesterday, when the character of the dictator's foes was assailed. Accused by Bourgeois. Ernest J. Bourgeois, who as presi dent of the Square Deal Association is leading organized opposition to Long, charged that Toby Leblanc, one of the Senator's witnesses, gave testimony which was "carefully coached and ut terly untrue" in an attempt to put Bourgeois "on the spot with the Square Deal." The statement said the witness had a "glib, loose and lying tongue." Leblanc had called Bourgeois "yel low" in testimony, said he believed the Square Dealer shot George Alessi, lone casualty of last Saturday's air port conflict, and aded that he started to shoot Bourgeois when the latter fled the field in the face of an attack by the National Guard. Long named a district attorney, four sheriffs and others as leaders in the "plot" to assassinate him. Some of these officials, and possibly Bourgeois, were ordered to the stand to undergo the quizzing of Long as prosecuting counsel. Following his release after being arrested and subpoenaed by State ' police as a witness at Long's hearing. Bourgeois issued a statement saying he escaped when the militia proved too itrong for him and his followers "because there was too much work in ! the Square Deal to be done." He flatly denied the assertion that he was one of the citizens who acci dentally fired the shots which wound ed Alessi, one of the anti-Long as sembly. Absolve· Bourgeois. Shown a picture of Bourgeois at a hospital, Alessl said the leader did not shoot him. but that he was shot by two men who hid behind a tree and fired at him. The victim said he thought his assailants were "Long's Cossacks" 'State police). Long in his hearing yesterday tried to pin responsibility for the shooting of Alessl on Bourgeois, and alleged that the Standard OU Co., which he has accused of trying to have him killed, was represented at the air port gathering. Nine men testified they went to the airport, some armed, and said that they were employed by the Standard Oil Co. Fred O'Rourke, a Square Dealer whom Long has called the "chief agent of the Standard Oil Co." and accused as a "murder conspiracy" participant, declined to answer ques tions. standing on his constitutional rights. Other testimany related to seizure by armed anti-Long citizens of the East Baton Rouge court house January 25. Long presented for the record a telegram he said was sent by Gecrge B. Campbell, Hammond, La., news paper publisher, to Col. Robert Mc cormick, publisher of the Chicago Tribune, predicting the dictator's as sassination on his return yesterday from Washington. Campbell was ordered subpoenaed, With throngs of legislators gather Ing in the capital, reports continued (Continued on Page 3, Column 7.) MELLON'S SON TO WED Youngest Member of Family to Marry Gotham Divorcee. NEW YORK. December 2 OP).— Paul Mellon, 27, son of Andrew W. Mellon, former Secretary of the Treas ury, and Mrs. Mary Conover Brown, 30, Manhattan, today obtained a mar riage license. Mellon gave his address as Wood land road, Pittsburgh, and his occu pation as banker. Mrs. Brown is the divorced wife of Karl S. Brown. She is the daughter of Charles C. Conover and is a native of Kansas City. Mo. The couple said they planned to be married later today at Mrs. Brown's residence. Lewis Terms Action on Auto Code "Reprehensible, Dishonorable." ! 48-HOUR WEEK ORDER IS HELD UNECONOMICAL Union Chief Expresses Personal Contempt for Emergency Council Chief. By the Associated Press In a stinging attack on the automo bile code activities of Donald R. Rich berg, head of the New Deal Emer gency Council, John L. Lewis, presi dent of the United Mine Workers, j said today organized labor "thinks of his action in the last few days as represensible and dishonorable." Testifying before a Senate Judi ciary Subcommittee on another sub ject, Lewis called the administration'· co-ordinator a "traitor to organized labor." "Mr. Richberg," he added, "spring ing from the loins of labor as he did, recommended to the President of the United States the imposition of a code on labor in the automobile industry for continuance of 48 hours a week. "Traiter to Labor." "I think Mr. Richberg was not only recreant in his obligations as a public servant^ but I think he was a traitor to organized labor when he made that recommendation—labor that nur tured him and at whose breast he suckled." **wis said the 48-hour week was "uneconomical and indefensible" and General Motors and the Du Pont fam ily were not entitled to it when they "turn their workers out on the street." Lewis had complained bitterly of manufacturers seeking exemption from hour limitations in many codes. "Personal Contempt." "For Mr. Richberg," he said, "who knows of these things of which I speak I express my personal con tempt." Edward P. McGrady. Assistant Sec retary of Labor and rormer legisla tive representative of the American Federation of Labor and N. R. A. official, oat close to the bulky Lewi· as he made his attack on Richberg. As Lewis testified at the Capitol, reports were current at N. R. A. of a sharp split between recovery board members on the work-week of the new automobile code. Five of the seven members were said to have disapproved the code aa presented to them Wednesday night just a few hours before presidential approval. Their objection.·: were under : stood to have been founded on con ' tentions the work-week should have i been further curtailed. rroTiats ι ime ana a tiau. The code, as amended, provides that time and a half shall be paid for over time work in excess of 48 hours a week. Some members of the board, it was understood, wanted time and a hall for overtime after 40 hours a week. The code provides for an average work week of 40 hours, but that j average must be maintained only over a long period. Simultaneously with these reports I of N. R. A. dissension, the administra j tion determined to make public the j special report on labor conditions In ! the automobile Industry made by Leon ! Henderson and Isadore Lubln for the N. R. A. The report probably will be available Tuesday and will be issued through the N. R. A. Wolm&n Also Assailed. The anger of labor in connection with the auto code apparently is con centrated on Richberg and Dr. Leo Wolman. Toward Richberg the union leaders directed this criticism In a statement: "Mr. Richberg, who seems to be the (Continued en Page 2, Column 5.) TWO DIE AS PLANE CRASHES IN TEXAS Ship Believed to Be One of United States Naval Convoy Fall· By the Associated Press. MILLS APS. Tex., February 2—A plane believed to be one of a United States naval convoy of three ships en route from Abilene, Tex., to Shreveport, fell in flames on the farm of George Williamson, three miles east of here, today. The charred bodies of two men not immediately iden tified were taken from the wreckage by persons hastily summoned to the scene. Mrs. Z. A. Maddox. who operates a filling station on a State highway near the place where the crash occurred said she heard the drone of an air plane overhead but could not make out its form because of fog. She saw a flare In the sky and then a flaming streak as it descended. Mrs. Maddox telephoned Sheriff Lester Stewart at Weatherford, who went to the scene with an ambulance. The woman said the plane seemed to be alone, but reports from Abilene were that three naval fighters had taken off from the airport there at 8:15 en route to Barksdale Field, at Shreveport. They were based at the Naval Training School at San Diego. Churches A-7-B-4-5 in Flames. Guide for Readers Amusements Comics Features Finance Lost and Found Radio Real Estate ... Serial Story ... Short Story ... Society Sports B-l-2-3 A-10-11 . B-ll ...A-9 A-8 B-6-7 B-8 A-9 A-7 A-8 New Observatory Apparatus To Time Tomorrow's Eclipse Β J the Associated Press. Astronomers were yearning today for m magic carpet so they could see tomorrow morning's eclipse of the sun In all the glory of totality. Could astronomers soar to a point 1,000 miles above the North Pole they would view an eclipse similar to the one that was visible in the New Eng land States In August, 1932. says Prof. James Robertson of the Naval Ob servatory. Viewed from earth, the eclipse will be only partial, with the moon com ing only part ο» the way between the sun and earth. As seen from Helena, Mont., the sun will be 87 per cent covered by the moon, the nearest to totality in the United States. The Naval Observatory will use the icUpM, as It does all others, to see if the solar system Is "running on schedule." The instant the edge of the moon bites Into the sun's disc will be timed with a new apparatus that measures Intervals as small as 1.1000th of a second. Prof. Robertson, head of the alma nac office, is not aroused about this eclipse. He will just take a peek at it from his front yard, for it is just one of 150 he has predicted in a life- - time. Tomorrow's eclipse will be the third ! of seven scheduled for this year—five 1 of the sun and two of the moon. A total eclipse of the moon July 16 will be visible in this country. In Washington the eclipse will be gin at 10:21 a.m.. reach 1U height at 11:94 and end at 13:37. Two Charged With Conspiracy \ To Distribute Old Anti-Toxin\ By the Associated Press. HARRISBURG, Pa., February 2.— State police announced today the ar rest of a state health official and the issuance of a warrant for a manu facturer on charges of conspiracy to distribute more than 1,100 worthless Injections of diphtheria anti-toxin. The troopers also began an immedi ate investigation of all deaths from diphtheria in the State since October 17, 1934. Two such deaths led to the, discovery that thf. State was distribut ing antl-toxin which Attorney Gener al Charles J. Margiotti said had del teriorated. Gov. Earle ordered quick action. William Hoffmann, director of the State Police Bureau of Criminal Identification, disclosed today that he had sworn out informations against Roy O. Miller, chief of the division of supplies and biological products of the Health Department, and Dr. E. K. Tingely, president of the Ollllland Laboratories of Marietta. Miller was arrested last night and' released under $500 ball, Hoffman said, but the other warrant had not yet been served. Attorney General Margiottl's an nouncement last night that the charges would be made, brought prompt dec larations of Innocence from the ac cused men. Tingely said at his home ; that the charges "come like a bolt out of a clear sky." "There was absolutely no collusion," he said, "between our laboratories or any one connected with them, and (Continued «α Pa*· S. Column W.