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Cities Restrained From Get
ting P. W. A. Loans for Power Plants. By the Associated Press. BIRMINGHAM, Ala., February 2.— An injunction, restraining 14 North Alabama municipalities from obtain ing loans from P. W. A. to construct electric distribution systems today was left in "status quo" by Judge W. T. Orubb in United States Dis trict Court. In leaving the temporary restrain ing order in effect. Judge Grubb in dicated he would rule on the ques tion February 11, when the Ten nessee Valley Authority oilers its defense against another restraining order aimed at halting its North Alabama electrification program. The ruling came'after nearly three hours of arguments by attorneys on a. motion to dissolve a temporary in junction granted on the petition of 14 preferred shareholders in the Alabama Power Co., who alleged the loans con stituted an illegal diversion of public funds. Franchise Expired. W. H. Mitchell, city attorney for Florence, offered the motion to dis miss the order, citing that the utility's franchise had expired in Florence, Tuscumbia and Sheffield. Savings under application of "yard stick" rates of the T. V. Α., Mitchell told the court, would amount to $65, 000 annually to consumers and also would save the city government a substantial sum. "The Tri-Cities," Mitchell said, "de sire to engage in the power business, and they have a right to do that." Mitchell further argued that munic ipalities had the right to finance themselves through the P. W. Α., the same as through a bank or trust com pany. Forney Johnston, chief of counsel for the shareholders, told the court the loans were illegal and for an illegal purpose, that of furthering the "ille gal" objectives of the T. V. A. through Installing the "yardstick rates." Johnston devoted most of his ar gument to the Decatur loan, where the Alabama Power Co. franchise does not expire until 1949, where he said the inauguration of the T. V. A. rates would drive the utility from the field through "illegal competition." BALTIMORE TO GET "CAT-EYE" ANNIE Woman With Weakness for Other Person's Gems Arouses Judges'» Pity. By the Associated Press. AUBURN, Ν. Y., February 2.—Lil lian "Cat-Eye" Annie McDowell, whose criminal weakness was jewelry belonging to other people, tonight awaited the arrival of police officers from Baltimore, Md., to take her there to stand trial for the theft of dia monds, pearls, brooches and other Jewels from Nathan F. Kaufman on April 15. 1923. Brought back "home" to Auburn yesterday from Bedford Hills State Prison for Women, where she had 'been serving a 10-year sentence, to face a charge of unlawful escape in 1926, she pleaded guilty. Appearing In the County Court of Judge Ken nard Underwood this morning, she looked upon the court through tear filled eyes and heard the judge say: "Annie, I'm going to suspend sen tence in this case, but you know there are other cities that want your cus tody." ■ Thank you, judge," she said, daub ing at her eyes. « "I'm very sorry," said the judge. Baltimore, with priority of claim upon her custody; Elkins Park, Pa., next in line, and Columbus, Ohio; St. Louis, Mo., and Boston, Mass., were ! informed of the suspended sentence ■and asked if they wished her to be ^held for them. All but Boston said ■they did. WATER FRONT EMPLOYES APPEAL TO MISS PERKINS Charge International Longshore men's Association Is Violat ing Arbitration Award. Β1 the Associated Press. « SEATTLE. February 2.—Charges that the International Longshore man's Association is violating the re cent arbitration award by beating non-union men and calling strikes Were telegraphed to Secretary Perkins today by the Seattle Water Front Em ployers' Association. The action was part of a coastline protest from employers who contend the award 'agreements are fast being abrogated, leaders said. Dewey Bennett, secretary of the Longshoremen's Association, however, declared he was surprised to learn of the employers' action. "We haven't authorized any strikes," he said. "But what the men do in dividually, we can't help ' mac nine i*un Hints Of Karpis' Flight Τ ο Pacific Coast Officials Check Owner ship of W eapon Dropped Near Reno, IVet\ By the Associated Press. SAN FRANCISCO. February 2.—A machine gun and 200 rounds of am munition, believed to have been aban doned at the California-Nevada bor der by gangsters fleeing to California, was found today in the Truckee River, near Reno, E. P. Guinane, chief of the Bureau of Investigation of the Department of Justice, said here to night. Guinane said he knew nothing of reports the gun was the property of Alvin Karpis, new public enemy No. 1, who recently shot his way out of a police cordon at Atlantic City. Evidence that the machine gun had been abandoned by a West-bound party was seen In the fact It was found only a short distance on the eastern side of the "control station" at the State Une. where all automo biles are searched. The State Department of Criminal Investigation at Sacramento was at tempting to trace ownership of the gun. Officers recalled "Baby Face" Nel son successfully hid in Northern Call· lornia several months last year. I MUNITIONS PROBE SPEEWSOUGHT Senators Call Witness Just Out of Hospital to Ses sion Tomorrow. By the Associated Press. Impatient of delays caused by ail ments reported by witnesses, the Sen- ! ate Munitions Committee yesterday ι asked one man—just out of a hos- j pital—to appear tomorrow and told a ' physician to bring another in as soon as possible. The committee is anxious to find out the truth of charges that large shipbuilding companies were in col lusion on bids for naval contracte. Similarly, the Investigators are sift- . ing accusations that political pressure ' and the use of a "fixer" Influenced awards. Ernest I. Cornbrooks of Collings- i wood, N. J., former plant manager of . the New York Shipbuilding Corp., ! who was confined in a hospital two > weeks ago when the committee sought to question him. indicated he would < be on hand Monday. Homer Will Testify. A. H. Homer, Washington marine architect, was reported by a com mittee physician to be able to testify "within a week or 10 days." The witness, described as a shipbuilders' agent with White House contacts, said he was "eager to come as eoon as my physician permits it." Homer was named last week by a committee witness as the recipient of $50,000 in fees from the Bath Iron Works of Bath, Me., for aiding in se curing destroyer contracts. He agreed today with a company statement that he had asked for the money, but had not been paid. Homer added that he had turned the case over to his attorneys. Refuses to Comment. Asked about a diary read before the committee in which investigators said he kept a daily account of his activities in securing contracts for the Bath company. Homer said: "I don't care to make any state ments until I get on the stand." ι Around the architect circled tes timony last week which described what was termed collusion among shipbuilders that had increased cruis er costs from $8,300,000 to about $16, 000,000 in little more than a year. Homer denied accusations that he was a "fixer" who used influence to affect shipbuilding contracts for a "consideration" of $250,000. Cornbrooks "Key" Figure. Cornbrooks was described by com mittee members as a "key witness" in the inquiry which has resulted in evidence that cruiser contract costs had in one instance climbed about $4,000,000 during a period over which labor and material costs of the job advanced only $900,000. He was named by Investigators as a participant in a midnight confer ence of big shipbuilders in July of 1933 in Washington. Committee mem bers have contended that the 27-ship program financed by public works funds was virtually apportioned among the shipyards at this meeting by an agreement for "accommodation bids." ; Insuring each a share in the work. WALLACE LIVE STOCK RATE CUT UPHELD Commission Slash of 20 Pet. Seen Proper by TJ. S. Court—$500,· 000 to Be Refunded. By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, February 2.—The action of Secretary of Agriculture Wallace in ordering a 20 per cent reduction In live stock commission rates was up held today in Federal Court. Sitting en banc, Judges Samuel Al schuler, James H. Wilkerson and John P. Barnes, ordered the dismissal of a suit filed by 157 live stock commission houses, attacking the order of Secre tary Wallace as arbitrary and con fiscatory. The court dissolved a temporary in junction under which the difference between the higher commission rate» previously charged and the lower rates ; of Secretary Wallace was impounded with the District Court clerk. Approximately $500,000 has been impounded since last April. The ! money will be refunded to live stock shippers. j Judges Alschuler and Barnes ruled ] there was substantial evidence to Jus- ! tify the action of the Secretary of, Agriculture in ordering a reduction, ι The Secretary's ruling was reasonable and not arbitrary, and did not con stitute the taking away of the >lain-1 tiffs' property without due process of ι law, the two judges declared. LAbUn ΒΑπϋΑΙΝΙΝϋ VOTE NEARS END Representatives of 70,000 Work ers in Auto Industry Choosing Representatives. Bylhe Associated Press. DETROIT, February 2 —The Auto mobile Labor Board, which expects to complete recording within the next two weeks the vote of 70.000 workers In the Industry for collective bar gaining representatives, today gave out a recapitulation of figures based on elections held in 12 plants. , Ballots of 53,771 workers, of which 40,953 denoted at the same time they had no affiliation with a labor or ganisation, already have been recorded. The 12 plants in which baUotlng al ready has been conducted employ slightly more than 60,000 workers, it added. The percentage of workers who have indicated no labor organization affilia tion was given as 76. The report stated that 5.440 or 10 per cent had indicated their affiliation with an em ployes' organization, 3,124 or nearly 6 per cent with the Associated Auto mobile Workers of America, 2,286 or slightly more than 4 per cent with the American Federation of Labor, 314 or slightly more than % of 1 per cent with the Mechanics' Educational Society, and the remainder were ac counted for by five other organiza tions and blank and void ballots. | TOY PISTOLS FORBIDDEN INDIANAPOLIS, February 2 UP).— Κ statute forbidding th· manufacture, sale or exposure for salé of toy pistols bas been found on thé Indiana stat utes by Attorney General Philip Luta, !r. The law was passed in 1905, the attorney general found when he looked jp the matter in response to a query Erom a b usinée* concern. ft New Brazilian Trade Pact Signed at White House Secretary of State Cordell Hull (right) signs the new trade agreement between the United States and Brazil calling for reciprocal tariff con cessions. The pact was signed in the President's office in the executive wtng _ of the White House. Others in the picture, from the left : Brazilian Minister of Finance Arthur Souza Costa, Brazilian Ambassador Oewaldo Arsnha and President Roosevelt. —Harria-Ewing Photo. TRADE AGREEMENT SIGNED BY BRAZIL AND UNITED STATES ί Continued Prom First Page ) other quantitative restrictions on each other's products except such restric tions as may be necessary for the control of production, market supply or prices of domestic articles, such as arc provided for in the national industrial recovery act and the agri cultural adjustment act. The agreement may be ended after two years upon six months' notice, but In the event the two nations are unable to agree concerning any re strictions which may be imposed, the pact may be terminated on 30 days' notice. One article of the agreement also reserves to both governments the con trol of the export of arms and muni tions. Another article provides for prefer ential treatment of Cuban commerce by the United States. Brazil, In the agreement, grants concessions to American products as follows: Import duties are reduced by ap proximately 25 per cent on 67 items, and Brazil pledges that it will not Increase duties on 39 items. Included In the American products granted duty reductions are the fol lowing: Twenty-five per cent reductions on tires and tubes, colored upper leather, certain paints, radio apparatus, gaso line pumps, steel files, rubber hose and tubes and oatmeal; 20 per cent on automobiles, trucks, automotive parts, canned fruit, canned vege tables (except asparagus), common soap and surgical gauze; 37', 2 per cent on patent leather; 60 per cent on canned salmon and chewing gum; 50 per cent on canned asparagus, steel furniture and lacquers; 35 per cent on oilcloth, certain varnishes and radio tubes. Brazil also pledges itself against ncreasing the duty on a long list of irtieles including fresh fruit (duty reel, agricultural machinery lnclud ng tractors (duty free), refrigerators, notor cycles, sewing machines, auto natic scales, cash registers, type writers, calculating machines, type setting machines, heavy radio, tele >hone and telegraph equipment and notion picture films. In terms of trade value the duty eductions granted by Brazil affect ipproximately 23.8 per cent of Ameri an trade with Brazil, and It has iledged no advance In duties on ap proximately 7.5 per cent of total Lmerican exports to that country. Senator James F. Byrnes of South Carolina Talks Tomorrow. President Roosevelt's $4,000,000,000 ' work relief bill will be the subject of an address delivered by Senator James P. Byrnes of South Carolina in the National Radio Forum to morrow at 10:30 p.m. The National Radio Forum is arranged by The Washington Star and broadcast over 1 the network of the National Broad- ' casting Co. The work relief bill, designed by I the President to make it possible to take 3,500,000 jobless men and women from relief rolls and put them to work, has passed the House and will soon be considered by the Senate. Senator Byrnes, a member of the Ap propriations Committee and a strong supporter of the administration, will take a leading part in the fight to put the bill through in the shape it is desired by the White House. The bill not only provides a huge sum for work relief, but it also gives extraordinary powers to the President to be used in the administration of the fund. ITALY LOANS ALBANIA FUND TO DEFRAY DEBT Zog, Voicing Gratitude, Says Country Recognizes Ties Binding Two Peoples. By the Assoclited Press. ROME. February 2—Italy today placed 3,000,000 gold francs (ap proximately $963,000) at Albania's disposition to help her clean up some of her outstanding; obligations end balance the budget. A message from King Zog of Albania to Premier Benito Mussolini expressed "warmest appreciation" for the tender of the money, and assured Il Duce of Albania's "recognition of the indissoluble ties" binding the two countries. Government circles expressed the opinion the money might help ease strained relations between Zog's gov ernment and Italy of the past two years that grew out of an altercation over the teaching of Italian in Al banian schools. ACCUSES EX-FIANCEE Capt. Michael Paul Answers Suit for $150,000 Heart Balm. LOS ANGELES. February 2 UP).— Capt. Michael Paul, former Russian Army officer, in an answer today to the $150,000 breach-of-promise suit brought against him by Miss Cora Irene Sund, said she was found in a compromising situation with another man on the eve of Paul's scheduled marriage to her. His document de clared Miss Sund and a man identi fied as Mitchell G. R. Dressner were found by his sister in a New York hotel room. He asserted their en gagement was broken by mutual consent. Fonim Speaker UNATOB BYBNES. 4 Fate of $75,000Aviation Report Subject of Keen Speculation President's Transmittal Message Be· lieved to Have Killed Commission's Recommendations of Policy. BY JOSEPH S. EDGERTON. Speculation as to the fate of the $75,000 report of the Federal Avia tion Commission Is rife In aviation circles. There Is a growing belief that1 President Roosevelt, in his message transmitting the report to Congress, j effectually killed the air transport policy recommendations of the com mission and at the same time raised the most serious doubts as to the late of the whole report. ; No one seemed to Know last night just what will become of the many recommendations of the commission concerning military aviation, the procurement of military aircraft and supplies, foetering of llghter-than-alr development, aeronautical law. private. flying and other subjects. None of these points was mentioned by the ; President in his message. In the meantime, the President's ι message and the commission's report : have been referred to the Committee of the Whole House on the State of the Union and the aviation world Is waiting for some one at the Capitol to start the ball rolling. When he specifically disapproved the proposal of the commission that there be created an Air Commerce Commission to take over an imposing list of duties, in the opinion of many ; in aviation circles, the President ren- ' dered inoperative virtually the entire ! body of air transport recommenda- j tlons of the commission. wwniu§ ν ν* vvu||(3Ji Disappointed by the lukewarm tone of the President s message of trans mittal of the commission report, in which he virtually relegated the volu minous document to the role of in formative material to be weighed along with other similar matedial con cerning other forms of transportation, aviation leaders are looking to Con gress for a solution of the problems of air transportation. They believe now that the only solution for com mercial aeronautics lies In the enact ment of the lesisiation recommended by the President dealing with unified 1 control of all transportation, lnclud- I ing aviation. Until Congress acts to bçing about the consolidation of Federal control of all transportation, by land, sea and air, it is thought there will be no material change in the present gov ernmental set-up for the regulation of air transportation. Administrative control is expected to continue in the hands of the Bureau of Air Com- < tnerce: rate-making with the Inter state Commerce Commission. The possibility of a breach between the President and Postmaster General Parley has been a subject of specula- i tion in aviation circles since the President sent his transmittal message to Congress and gave support to a ι recommendation of the Federal Avia- 1 tion Commission that the Interstate ι Bommeree Commission be give tern- ι porarily the power to lower or ta- ] :rease airmail rates. Postmaster General Farley has ι publicly opposed the granting of any power to the I. C. C. to increase air mail rates. He has contended that ] iir transport companies which bid ι In airmail contracts at financially : suicidal rates should be compelled to ι live up to the terms of their con- < tracts. ι For Upward Revision. The President, however, expressed ι belief that revision of these rates should be granted "to prevent the instruction of any efficiently-operated oart of the present system pending lui table consideration by the Con fess of what permanent measures should be taken and what amend aient, if any, the present general transporta tion policy of the Govern nent should undergo." Mr. Roosevelt, however, cautioned igainst the granting of unreasonable profits to any company. He expressed in utter lack of sympathy with the ilight of those companies which vio ated economic laws to underbid their :ompe titers, declaring "it la only fair' ο suggest that during this period iny profits at all by such companies should be a secondary consideration." Postal officials who have opposed iny revision upward of the rates paid rirmail contractors have been given in opportunity to withdraw grace Oily, It Is belived, as « result of the 'resident's explanation that Oovero nant aid ta the earn αβ airman ocm- ι # maniée which are losing heavily under the terms ol their contract* "is legiti- ! Tiate in order to save companies from . iisastrous loss, but not In order to ; jrovlde profits." The action of the President In spe- j :lflcally opposing the creation of an Mr Commerce Commission is regarded ; is a victory for those who have con tended the present Bureau of Air Commerce of the Commerce Depart ment is functioning adequately in the idministrative control of air com merce. In 18 of Its policy recommenda tions the Federal Aviation Commis sion refers to the proposed Air Com merce Commission, which it proposed should become an all-powerful agent in dealing with the problems of air transportation. Had the policies rec smmended by the Federal Aviation Commission been put into effect the present Bureau of Air Commerce would have been robbed of virtually all of its powers. "Heart" Stricken Oat. In opposing the creation of the pro xxsed commission, the President struck out whet members of the Federal Aviation Commission regarded as the heart of their recommendations cov sring air commerce. "We recommend, as of paramount importance to accomplishing the ef- I fectiveness of many of our other rec- ] smmendations already presented, that : m air commerce commission should se created and given all the authority that it needs to do its work," the commission said in the final sentence )f the summation of its 254-page re- , port. The commission had outlined for the proposed new controlling body a list of powers and functions which it admitted in its report constitute "a formidable budget of responsibility." It was to have been an organization which would have taken over powers low vested in the Secretary of Com merce. the Bureau of Air Commerce, :he Post Office Department, the Re construction Finance Corp., the Fed :ral Labor Board and the Bureau of Mines. The proposed commission would lave issued certificates of convenience tnd necessity to airlines; approved conditions of service and charges to >e made by airlines; supervised the inancial structure of the lines and ;heir ownership; fixed postal pay ments for carriers of airmail, both do n es tic and foreign; allocated direct iubsidy aids to needy companies; ap proved R. F. C. loans applied for by ilrlines or other aeronautical enter irises, and exercised the power of ap jroving proposals of the Department it Commerce for new Federal air says. The power of approving recommen lations for establishment of new air ransport services on world trade outes would have baen vested in the lew commission, which also would iave been charged with collection and mblication of financial data for all iir transport activities: fostering of he "orderly development" of collec ive bargaining in airline labor dis putes; examination and licensing of ilrcraft, equipment and airmen; rat ng of air navigation facilities and pecification of minimum standards of equipment and operating methods of lirllnes. Power for Agreements. The new commission, it was pro weed, should be given power to ap prove or reject proposed trade and raffle agreements between American ilr transport lines operating outside he United States and their competi Ors; to have power of recognizing drports as qualified for Installation if lights and other air navigation fa cilities at Government expense, and to ipprove arrangements for leasing or chartering to a commercial operator if "any Government-owned airship ir airship bue." The body, it was recommended, hould have supervision over the sale r exportation of helium gas. It was ο act as arbitrator In aeronautical latent disputes and to take charge if the study of international agree nents bearing on American lnterna .eronautical developments. It Oso was to he charged with recom n ending necessary changes In laws elating to civil aeronautics. Members of the propoaed commls ion were to have been given unusual ecurity in office, one proposal cali ng for a rotnwiMmi at At* miNn », to be appointed for terms of 10 yews each; another for a seven-member commission to be appointed for 7 year terms. In view of the importance placed by the Federal Aviation Commission in its proposals for the new Air Com merce Commission, it is considered that the President in opposing the plan has jeopardized the whole policy recommendations of the commission. The doubt as to the fact of the commission's recommendations ex tends not only to all of the air com merce policies but also to other poli cies which have no bearing on the proposed commission. There is a crowing tendency. It la aaid, to retard the commission's re port, as the President has suggested, chiefly as "a source of Information and «trice concerning transporta· tton by air." Two Beaten in Share cropper War—Woman Ends Inquiry. By the Associated Press. MEMPHIS, Tcnn., February 2.— Bitterness in the East Arkansas share cropper war Increased today as two young organizers for the Southern Tenant Farmers' Union told of hav ing been beaten with pistol butts last night, when they were taken from a sharecroppers' mass meeting at Oil more, Ark., across the river from Memphis. As Lucien Koch, director of Com monwealth College, Mena, Art, and Bob Reed, a commonwealth student and a member of the International Labor Defense, told of the assault, Mrs. Mary Conner Myers, A. A. A. at torney, concluded her Investigation into alleged violations by planters ol their acreage reduction contracts and prepared to leave tomorrow by plant for Washington. au«v«n^N*Vl an k7llCU»« Her brief cases were filled with eviction notices received by share croppers, along with affidavits iron them, and reports of the controversy as outlined by planters. She decllnec to comment on her investigation, bul was quoted by the Pirss-Scimitar ai saying that her Inquiry Into alleged Illegal evictions had brought to llgh evidence in support of other viola tloas. The Tenant Farmers' Union' complaint to Department of Agrlcul ture officials led to Mrs. Myers' In vestigation. "While I was speaking at the Gil more meeting," Koch said today, " man who evidently had been drink ing—be was a plantation riding bos —came in and asked what I wu talking about. I told him the South era Tenant Fanners' Union. He wen' out. Companion Also Beaten. "He came back later with foui more men. They grabbed me just a: I finished my speech and hustled mi out to a car, beating me and kicking me. On the way, Bob Reed cami out to see me, and they grabbed him.' Sheriff Howard Cur lin said he wai investigating the beatings. He addec it was up to Koch and Reed to prefej charges. "Constable H. L. Dickson of Turrel brought them Into Marlon," the sher· iff said. "They were not hurt. J questioned them." Sharecroppers have complained thai parity payments from the Govern ment for land taken out of produc tion have been withheld from them BLASTS ROCK VILLAGE Woman Burns to Death In Two· Story Structure. HOOSICK FALLS, Ν. Y„ Februarj 2 (JP).—Flames which foUowed two ex plosions that shook this village earlj tonight razed a two-story structure, wrecked another and killed Mrs. Jane Carr Burke, 80. Her son, Frank Carr, 50. worked desperately to save his mother, but was forced to plunge through flames from a second-story window to save his own life. The Carrs lived on the second floor of the razed frame structure. The first floor was occupied by a stove store, where the flre is believed to have originated. Ruled Ineligible to Hold Gov ernorship by Court—Wel ford Takes Oath. Br the Associated Pre»». BISMARCK, N. Dak., February 2.— A decision of the North Dakota Su preme Court today turned Gov. Thomas H. Moodie out of the office he had held leu than a month and dee· ignated Lieut. Gov. Walter H. Welford his successor. He took the oath of office soon after the decision was an nounced. Ruling on a quo warranto action, the high court held Moodie Ineligible for the governorship, on the ground that he had voted, and thereby estab lished residence, In Minnesota in 1930. Moodie, the second Democrat ever to win the chief executive's poet in this normally Republican State, im mediately acquiesced in the decision, and called upon all citizens to co operate with his successor. Acting Gov. Welford is a member of the Non Partisan League which assailed Moodle's election. Month of Political Strife. A provision of the State constitu tion, designed to bar carpet baggers year* ago, was the fulcrum which lifted Moodie out of the gubernatorial chair by the court's verdict and gave victory to the foes who made his month's incumbency and the month previous a period of intense political strife In the State. Two court actions and initiation of impeachment pro ceeding! with the Legislature were the weapons turned against the Demo cratic Governor. The constitutional provision re quires candidates for Governor to have lived in the State five consecu tive years before election. The court decided that the Novem ber election was a "legal nullity, inso far as the election of a Governor is concerned." It held specifically: That Walter Welford, Lieutenant Governor, becomes acting Governor for the balance of the term to which Moodie was elected. Acta in Office Valid. That Moodie's official acts while in office are valid. "It is the duty of Mr. Moodie to surrender the office of Governor to Lieut. Gov. Welford," the court de clared. "Though Mr. Moodie is not entitled to hold that office, neverthe less no question can be raised as to the validity of the official acts per formed by him. Under the wise pro visions of the law every act so done is valid and effective. He was clothed with prima facie title to the office. "The application for the writ must be granted; it is assumed the respond ents will act in conformity with this decision without the issuance of a formal writ." λο ttenecuon on Mooaie. The court took pains to make it' clear that there was no reflection on | Moodie in its action. "There is nothing in this record," the court said, "which reflects in any way upon Mr. Moodie. He violated □o law and did no wrong. "His trustfulness was apparent to every one. He answered all questions without hesitation when the answers were unfavorable as well as when they were favorable." Little more than half an hour after the court's decision Welford was called to the executive offices by Moodie, -vho yielded the office. The two men chatted for a short time, after which the outgoing Governor left the capitol. Welford pledged himself to giving his best efforts to a solution ol the State's problems. "I now am being made responsible for an office for which I would never have been a candidate by my own choice," Welford said. Appeals to Citizens. "In taking this office, however, my obligation is to all of the citizens of the State. The burdens will be heavy and hard to bear and I might say I can bear them only if I may have the people's faith and whole-hearted sup port." Moodie, a newspaper man, admit ted in hearings before the court that he had voted in Minneapolis, Minn., ' while temporarily employed on a 1 newspaper there. He asserted, how ever, that he considered North Da kota his home and had no Intention of giving up his citizenship in that State. "I have no complaint to make of the decision oi the court," said Moodie. His policy during his brief ' term in dealing with a Legislature ! opposed to him had been conciliatory and designed, he said, to reach peace ful settlements in controversies. "It (the court decision) is arrived at after full consideration of the law and the facts in an orderly manner. It is satisfactory to me and is accepted cheerfully. It should end the turmoil which the State has recently experi i enced. It is my hope that it will." ICELAND'S LIQUOR BANS ARE LIFTED End of Prohibition Greeted Calm ly—Imports Legal Under Monopoly. By the Associated Press. REYKJAVIK, Iceland, February 2.— Prohibition was lifted in Iceland to day after 20 years, but this cold little island preserved its customary glacial calm about the matter. Scarcely anybody got drunk. The wine shops which sprang up like mushrooms in anticipation of the happy event had no difficulty in handling their business. The only enthusiastic celebrants were the old law-abiding fishermen, who never patronized bootleggers dur ing the dry spell, and who haven't tasted legal liquor since 1913, when the mother country, Denmark, im posed a dry law, ratified two years later by Iceland's own Parliament. During the dry yean the moat prof itable industry of farmers living near the capital was the manufacture of home brew. Under repeal imports of liquor are legal under a state monopoly, with some profits going to the government. Although spirits can be imported, beer containing more than 2% per cent alcohol by volume is prohibited. Killer in Death Cell. JOLIKT, 111., February 3 (#}.—Fted Blink, 43, under sentence to die by electrocution February 22, arrived at the state penitentiary here yesterday. He via convicted by a Jury of the ■raider of Ave persons when he went beserk during an anumant. MEXICAN INQUIRY Senator Undeterred by Criti cism of Proposed Probe of Situation. BY G. GOULD LINCOLN. Senator William £. Borah, con vinced that the persons and property ot American citizens are Involved, Is prepared to press ior favorable action on his resolution to investigate the alleged anti-religious campaign of the present government of Mexico. Instead of being daunted by criti cism of his proposal to have the Sen ate Foreign Relations Committee go Into the whole situation and to have this Government take action If neces sary, the Idaho Senator insists that the evidence warrante a thorough In vestigation. If the State Department is prepared to deal with the matter. Borah said last night, he Is perfectly willing to have it do so. It has been Indicated that the State Department looks iskance at the Borah resolution, on the ground that the handling of foreign affairs Is its own job. On the other hand, if the State Department is not Rilling to proceed. Borah wants his resolution acted upon favorably. Meeting on Wednesday. The next regular meeting of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee Is scheduled for Wednesday. It is not unlikely. Borah said, that he will postpone asking for consideration of his resolution until the following week. He may wish more time to put the entire story into proper shape for presentation. To those critics who charge Borah with inconsistency because he voted against American adherence to the World Court and then proposed to look into the domestic affairs of Mex ico, the Senator replied: "My interest in this matter (re ligious persecution in Mexico) has been by reason of evidence furnished me that Americans are being mal treated and deprived of their prop erty and also by the fact that thou sands of refugees are being driven across the Mexican border and are now being taken care of by American communities. "Of course, if American citizens were not involved in it, the situation would be different. But so long as they are, we have the right to know the facts concerning their treatment. It's another case of the underdog. Some stories brought to me are fear ful, and I have no reason to doubt the facts. Defends His Record. "I have just as consistent a record for protecting American citizens in Mexico as on anything else. I bave been doing it for 20 years " Borah said the United States Gov ernment in the past has not hesitated to look into conditions existing in other nations, even though American citizens were not Involved. He men tioned a resolution offered by Daniel Webster in 1823, during the trouble between Turkey and Greece, when the Turks were persecuting the Greeks. The President of the United States at that time took up the matter, Borah said. Webster, then a Senator, took the stand that common humanity demanded an investigation of the (acts and some effort to alleviate con ditions. He said, in reply to the question, "What can the United States do?" that it was not necessary to go to war. but that public opinion, once aroused, was more powerful than arms. Second Precedent Cited. Another case cited by Borah also involved Webster, then Secretary of State. Hungary was seeking freedom from Austria and President Taylor sent an agent of this Government into the country to report on all the facte. The Austrian charge d'affaires warned that this agent might run the risk of being treated as a spy. Webster wrote a strong letter in which he said that no nation had the right to take umbrage because the United States was seeking to ascertain facts. "Where the people of the United States see the people of a foreign na tion moving toward the adoption of Institutions like their own," said Webster, "it cannot be expected of them that they remain wholly indif ferent spectators." Refugee Army Larre. Borah scid that he did not propose to go so lar as Webster; that he was basing his demand for an investiga tion wholly on the fact that American citizens are being maltreated. In the evidence presented to him are pictures showing the activity against people who carry on religious worship. It has been reported to Borah that the number of refugees who have come into this country from Mexico runs as high as 200,000. When the matter of the Mexican inquiry was originally presented to Senator Borah it was proposed that the resolution provide for the break ing off of diplomatic relations with Mexico. The Idaho Senator toned the resolution down somewhat before he introduced it. It has the backing of several other Senators, including Walsh of Masachusetts. who is taking an active interest in it. STREET CAR OPERATOR WOUNDED IN HOLD-UP; POLICE CAPTURE PAIR (Continued Prom First Page.) a .38-callber pistol on a ,45-caliber stock lying in the slush on the bridge and turned it over to Policeman W. B. Hopkins, who took it to No. 8 pre cint just as McGinn la and Moore were being booked for investigation. Meanwhile, Bowling had been taken to Georgetown Hospital, where his wounds were described as not serious. He appeared more worried over his wife, who he said was ill at home with influenza, than over his wounds. The couple has no children. The bandit. In his haste to try to make a getaway, overlooked $9 in bills that Bowling carried. Police said they expected to make use of the passengers In the street / car to help identify the robber. One of the passengers was James M. Grif fith of the 100 block of Fourth street. MASS FINGERPRINTING New York C. of C. Members Will Give Impressions. NEW YORK, February 2 W).— Members of the Chamber of Com merce of the State of New York will be fingerprinted Thursday and the Impressions filed with the Depart ment of Justice at Washington. The fingerprinting will follow an address on "Crime Prevention." by J. Edgar Hoover, director of the di vision of investigation, at the cham ber's monthly meeting.