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ARE HELD VITAL Dominance of Boards by A. F. L Seen as Power ful Menace. I BY DAVID LAWRENCE. The development of a national policy governing labor and employer relations has come to be the para mount question of the hour. The attacks on President Roose velt and Donald Richberg because of the renewal of the automobile code have accentuated the issue, though it has been lingering in unsettled fash Ion ever since the national industrial recovery act was adopted by Congress. The essentials of a sound policy are I not difficult to define. They are more difficult to administer. The administration's trouble is that It has attempted tc solve the labor problem on a political basis; that is, the theory of group pressure. This invariably leads to extreme demands that ultimately cannot be satisfied and hence today's situation, one in which the criticism is coming from both employers and employes at the same time on different grounds, was inevit able. N. R. A. Complicates Plan. One of the chief difficulties is that the administration has not drawn a distinction between administrative and Judicial bodies. The Department of Labor was or ganized by Congress to serve as an administrative unit, to act as a con ciliation department and to bring la- j bor and employers together. The in terposition of the Ν R. A. as an emer gency agency threw a monkey wrench into the orderly process of handling labor disputes, and the complications were increased instead of diminished when so-called labor boards were created. If labor boards are needed, and it Is apparent that some impartial tribu nals must be set up to pass on moot points, the neutral boards are abso lutely imperative. The theory that three persons can be chosen and that one should represent labor and an other capital and a third should be neutral is outworn because it has never worked. It usually results in putting the decision up to one man. It would be far better to have three neutrals acting as judges. UIÎHU3» .1IUU3TU. As matters stand today, the labor Interests try to dictate the selection of even the neutrals. This leads to mistrust and distrust by employers and the result is friction and litiga tion. What is not realized here among administration officials dealing with the labor problem is that no consti tutional precedent established by the Supreme Court in a decision exists ■which warrants the Federal Govern ment in assuming power to regulate employer and employe relations. This being the case, the voluntary co-oper ation of employers and employes In accepting Federal jurisdiction is a sort of arbitration in which both sides agree to acccept findings. Do Americans want to submit dis putes to a fair-minded tribunal rather than to engage in strikes? The an swer is that huge economic losses are being borne by the country as a ■whole today and yet the strikes are not deplored by any substantial body of opinion. This is because the right to strike and the decision to strike are confused. Also It is because any body who attempts to suggest that maybe a labor leader is mistaken is promptly attacked as unsocial. Don ald Richberg, formerly counsel for labor interests. Is now being bom barded because he recognizes his re sponsibility as a Government official to be fair and disinterested. A. F. L. Oomparatvely Small. The American Federation of Labor is today the largest single labor or ganization In the country. It repre sents a small number out of the total who are employed and Is naturally seeking new members all the time. But the question of whether a small group of leaders shall increase their hold on a larger number of working men Is not so important as whether workingmen shall have the right to organize in unions of their own mak ing and choosing so they can guard themselves against exploitation by em ployers. It is not the business of the Gov ernment to favor the A. F. of L. or any other form of organization. The policy of the A. F. of L. has been to advocate a shortening of the work week. A 30-hour bill is now pending. The A. F. of L. leaders think this is to their advantage. Maybe it is. But the figures show it means total yearly earnings in less amount for those em ployed today, while increasing but slightly the total purchasing power of ' the country. Profit Is Foundation. For it Is a matter of arithmetic \ llicf Vtrtnr mnnVl fVio amnlnu» Ann « U I eorb in the way of cost and how much j profit he can be deprived of without! running into direct collision with the ; other wage earner, the investor who ; has put his savings in the stocks and I bonds of American business. The life i insurance policies of the country, the, savings bank deposits and the secur- j ities of all important institutions are | dependent upon a system in which > capital gets a fair return. If the Government were to inter vene and set a fair return for both capital and labor, the labor leaders wouldn't like it. They object to Gov ernment fixing of wages. That's what has happened, however, under Fascism and that's what mistaken labor pol icies may bring to America unless vol untary co-operation and an enlight ened leadership for labor is Introduced. Employers have been put under dis cipline by the collective bargaining law. They cannot interfere with the freedom of choice by workmen. The labor organizations, however, are under no such discipline. They can coerce and intimidate workmen and force them to Join unions under pen alty of physical violence or discrim inattons of various kinds. The Federal Government, as the mediator, must be in a position to deal fairly with both sides. By setting up a machinery for settlement of disputes by boards composed entirely of neu trals and by writing laws that are plainly In the interest of all the people and not a special class, a solution will be found for the present labor crisis ■which threatens to retard recovery and add to unemployment. iCocyrlrht. 1935.) SWIFT WILL FILED CHICAGO, February 5 G4»>.—The late Mrs. Hortense Newcomer Swift, widow of Edward P. Swift, the packer, left an estate estimated at $400,000 to be divided among her three children and five grandchildren, her wlU, filed for probate yesterday, revealed. The will provided that $25,000 be placed in trust for each of the grand children, the remainder of the estate to be divided equally among her daughter and two sons, Mrs. Annie May Swift Henry, T. Philip Swift and Edward >. Swift, Jr. What's What Behind News In Capital' Beating on World Court Will Not Dampen New Deal Spirit. BY PAUL MALLON. A LOT of people are making the mistake of believing that the New Deal is going to draw ι itself up In itf nationalist shell because of the beating it got on the World Court. *It cannot be done. The New Dealers may permit that erroneous deduction to stand publicly for the time being, but they really are hotter on the sub ject of international trade today than they ever have been. One Impelling thought is back In their minds. Our cotton exports are running 40 per cent below the 10-year average. Other exports have suffered as much since last Fall, but cotton has sounded the political alarm. Clearly our foreign markets are shriveling up on us. Something must be done, and something will be done. Reason for Field Day. That is why there was a field day of small talk from New Dealers dur ing the past week about foreign trade. Statements came from Roper, Hull, Sayre. Peek and others. It is true, but misleading, that the White House was cold to State Sec retary Hull's suggestion for a revival of the World Economic Conference It was cold because Mr. Roosevelt has not made up his mind. For the seme reason no presidential comment was forthcoming on the suggestion of Commerce Secretary Roper for a World Council to regulate production. These Hull and Roper proposals are authentic administration trial bal loons. The White House is carefully watching the results. Shortly you will see a strong new administration program, not based on the theory of isolation. The Potomac River has risen a foot in the last fortnight from the tears shed on Mr. Roosevelt's shoulder by Congressmen who feel deeply grieved about the patronage situation. Not much about it gets into the papers. The Congressmen always come out of such White House con ferences and say they talked about shoes, ships, etc. It is evident, how ever, that free-flowing congressional grief has precipitated a critical party situation. Mr. Roosevelt has been touched. Bureaus to Be Loosened l'p. No announcement will be made, but he will loosen up several tight bureaus shortly. One may be the Farm Credit Ad ministration. That is a juicy plum orchard with 1.888 appraisers. Mr. Morgenthau has kept it away from the congressional plum connoisseurs through his friend. Prof. Meyer. Civil service exams now are being held for the appraisers, limited to those now holding office, most of whom are Republican holdovers. It will be hard to change such plans, but Gen. Farley can do it, if he gets word from the White House. Another irksome thing is that the Home Owners Loan Corp. hires men here and sends them into the field, instead of hiring good Democratic voters out in the home precincts. That situation will certainly be corrected. A third bu reau on which Farley has his eye is the United States Re-Em ployment Service. It is full of pals of a man who runs it. This would be enough to appease the Congressmen for a few weeks. They would like to get their fingers into the Treasury and Interior De partments. but there is no chance with Messrs. Ickes and Morgenthau holding out against them. The other bureaus have played ball with Farley and the Congressmen fairly well, especially the R. F. C„ F. H. A. and, incredible as it may seem, the A. A. A. (except for the 3,000 county agents). Labor's split with the White House on the auto code was merely another Incident In the long inside estrange ment between the White House and the A. F. of L. There has never been any hearty measure of friendship evi dent between them from the stajt— only restrained co-operation. Recently both sides have been more polite to ward each other, but the White House failed to invite William Green to con fer before the auto code was renewed. Hie excuse was that Green's views were known, which was true, but not convincing. What is at the bottom of the situation is that the President is embarked on a middle-of-the-road course where labor cannot always follow him. Neither can it fight against him openly, because he has done much for labor generally, although not necessarily jor the A. F. of L. Absurdity in Government. The height of absurdity In Govern ment is approached as often by the Income Tax Bureau as any other. Witness the latest story of what hap pened to Thomas Edison, Henry Ford and Harvey Firestone. The story con cerning them was disclosed by a com petent authority recently as follows: Edison, Ford and Firestone put up $25,000 each a few years ago to dis cover a rubber substitute, at least par tially through patriotic motives, be cause the United States was fully at the mercy of the foreign rubber mon opoly. Hiey sought to write the money off on their income tax return as a gift because at that time no one knew whether the experiment would ever produce anything. The Government refused, saying they could write It off only after the experiment was aban doned. But the experiment succeeded to an unexpected extent, and, as Edison is dead. Ford and Firestone wanted to make a present of Edison's discovery to the Agricultural Department. The tax collectors not only refuse to let them write it off now (on the I ground the experiment is an inven tion), but are also trying te impose a gift tax on them li they give it to the Government. (OoPTrisbt. 1935JI Kidnaped Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto. Β·Ρ*ΜΙΐη··Η·· JUNE HAAS, FATHERB0JEVED GIRL'S ABDUCIOR Intensive Hunt Launched in Kidnaping of St. Paul Child. By the Associated Press. ST. PAUL. February 5.—Pour law enforcement agencies launched an in tensive hunt last night for June Haas, nine, who was abducted by a man and woman as she walked to school. They also exerted every effort to locate the child's ex-conxlct father. Charles Peter Whitson, on learning he had threatened to take her from Mrs. Mary Haas, foster mother, who has had custody of the youngster for the last six years. Miss Bertha Wendling. an aunt living at La Crosse. Wis., reported June had been under guard for some time because of Whitson's threats. St. Paul police. Department of Justice agents, deputy sheriffs and representatives of the county attor ney's office were handicapped because the father's whereabouts have been unknown for some time. June was with Mary Anne Mixer on her way to school when a small j two-door sedan drew up beside them. Inside, witnesses said, were a man and a woman. The man snatched the Haas girl and the car sped northward. The Mixer girl, who is about the same age as June, said she thought the man in the car fitted a description oi June's father. Ramsey County court records show Mrs. Haas was divorced from Whitson in 1930, while he was serving a sen tence for grand larceny in La Crosse, Wis. June is Whitson's daughter by a previous marriage. CONVICTED IN HIT-RUN CASE, MAYOR RESIGNS San Diego Executive Quits as Besult of Injuries to Sailor and Wife. Br th· Associated Press. SAN DIEGO, Calif., February 5.— The City Council voted unanimously yesterdav to accept the resignation of Mayor Rutherford B. Irones, recently convicted of hit-run driving. The charge resulted from an accident in which George D. Pickett, sailor, and his wife were injured. Irones applied for probation and a hearing has been set for next Sat urday. OIL CONFERENCE CALLED Oklahoma Governor Makes An· other Effort to Obtain Pact. OKLAHOMA CITY, February 5 UP).—Gov. E. W. Marland oi Okla homa has called an oil States con ference to meet in Dallas February 15 to consider an oil States compact. He acted at the request of Gov. James V. Allred of Texae. The con ference will be the third summoned by Marland In an effort to obtain agreement to control production and settle other controversial matters in tbe industry. SLAYING CLUE FOUND Banch Youth Identifies Pistol in Death of Indianan. PHOENIX. Arii., February 5 (Λ>).— Authorities said yesterday they had received from Dave Trimble, « ranch youth near Laveen, the first clue to the source of the automatic pistol which killed Eugene Morris, Farm land, Ind., youth last month. Trimble identified the weapon as one stolen from him in December while he was living near Mesa. Mor ris' body was found January 24. 12 miles northeast of Scottsdale. The pistol was buried nearby. Congress in Brief By the Auocittcd Press. TODAY. Senate. In recess until Wednesday. Farm exports hearing proceeds be fore Agricultural Committee. Munitions Committee ponders per jury probe. Judiciary Subcommittee scans 30 hour week proposal. Hodsc. Debates State, Justice, Labor, Com merce appropriations. Military Committee studies plan to increase army strength. Social security legislation before Ways and Means Committee and Labor Subcommittee» ■> SHEPARD DENIES TYPisrs story Missf ferandon's Account, of Lovemaking and Letters Declared False. Br the Associated Près». TOPEKA, Kane., February 5.—De nials of his former sweetheart'e testi mony were deployed In MaJ. Charles A. Shepard's version of the romance ♦oday as the «retired Army medical officer resumed his battle against the Government's charges that he fatally poisoned his second wife. Before the second Federal Court Jury to hear the case the slender 63 year-old defendant sobbed while re lating Incidents connected with the mysterious death of his second wife, but he was outwardly calm when he told of his shattered romance with the tall, attractive Grace Brandon, Brooks Field, Tex., typist. The Government contends it was for the love of the 28-year-old Army post stenographer that he allegedly poisoned Mrs. Zenana Shepard at Port Riley, Kan*., in Junç, 1929. Denies Prior Proposal. He denied he had proposed to Miss Brandon before his wife's death; he branded as false the testimony of the Texas girl that he wrote her con stantly about divorcing his wife; that he made his life Insurance over to her while Mrs. Shepard was living and that he suggested they elope only two weeks after his wife died. Explaining his plea that Miss Bran don destroy letters he had written to her after his arrest at Denver, the witness said his former attorney. Harry Class, had Instructed him to do so. Recalling the Instructions regard ing the destruction of the letters dur ing her testimony as the Government's chief witness, Miss Brandon had de manded: "Why should he do that if he were not guilty?" Poison Highball Denied. He denied that he wrote to Miss Brandon saying he had given his wife a highball the night she became ill. It was In that manner, the Govern ment contends, he allegedly adminis tered poison to Mrs. Shepard. Of the prosecution's claim that he opposed an autopsy, Maj. Shepard said he did not bring up the subject, but voiced his wife's objection to a post-mortem after Maj. Paul Hawley had declared physicians would never "find out what is the matter as long as she Is alive." At the first trial, which resulted in a conviction, defense attorneys at tempted to show that Mrs. Shepard either killed herself or was the victim of a poisonous mouth wash. » AMBASSADOR TELLS PROPAGANDA FEARS Italian Envoy Describes Honor able Sense of Term Used in Homeland. Br the Associated Press. NEW YORK, February 5.—The Italian Ambassador to the United States. Dr. Augusto Rosso, delivered a irank discussion last night of the pub lic-speaking problems of diplomats and their fear of the word "propa ganda." Addressing the Institute of Arts and Sciences of Columbia University, his excellency digressed from a discussion of Italian-American relations to re mark: "I do not know if you ever had heard of the remark made by one of my diplomatic colleagues who said that for a diplomat to speak in public is a little like navigating between Scylla and Charybdis. "Like the hero of Homer's Odyssey, the diplomat who makes an orator of himself must always steer his ship between two equally perilous reefs: That of being commonplace on the one side and that of indiscretion on the other. The first is dangerous be cause it discredits one in the eyes of his listeners. On the other hand, indiscretion, although more inter esting. is even more dangerous for the orator, because with It he runs the risk of 'getting the sack', from his foreign office. "There Is another reef, and a very treacherous one: That which makes you suspected of making propa ganda. · · · "In Italy, the word 'propaganda' has a perfectly decent and honest sense: In the sense of explaining and clarifying the significance of certain ideas, that does not aim to deceive, but simply to explain and to persuade." DIONNES REACH U. S. Parente of Quintuplet· Cross Linn En Houte to Chicago. WINDSOR. Ontario. February 5 (&).—Mr. and Mrs. Olivia Dlonne. parents of the famous quintuplets, crossed the international boundary here today on their trip to Chicago. Max Halperin, Chicago vaudeville booking agent, is sponsoring their trip. Mr. and Mrs. Dlonne were accom panied by Mrs. Joseph Rochon of North Bay. a cousin of the father; a brother of Mrs. Dlonne and Leo Kervln, the couple's adviser. Bandit Brothers Escape Police Trap Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto. The bullet-punctured car which the Southwest'* No. 1 desperado. Raymond Hamilton (below, left Inset» and his brother Floyd «right, inset) drove into a police trap In Dalla*. Tex., last night. Both the brothers jumped from the car and dodged throueh a fusillade of police bullet*. Raymond fleeing 111 another car, while his brother escaped afoot. Raymond Hamilton Is a former crime accomplice of the slain Clyde Barrow. HAMILTON FLEES !N HAIL OF LEAD Southwest Bad Man and Brother Believed Wounded. Wife Held. By the Associated Pries. DALLAS. Tex.. February S—Ray I mond Hamilton's reputation for es I caplng from "tight spots" still held ! today after the No. 1 bad man of the Southwest had slipped through a 1 withering volley of lead laid down by police. Officers believe the young outlaw and his brother. Floyd, who fled on 1 foot, had been wounded. More than 200 shots were fired at the fleeing ί pair. Hamilton is a fugitive from the death house. The two drove up to an apartment house where earlier In the day police had arrested Floyd's wife and another woman. Floyd walked to a window of the apartment where six detectives were hidden. He tapped on the pane. The hidden officers called on him to surrender He backed away and reached for a pistol. Bullets riddled the car in which Raymond sat. and the youthful desperado tumbled from the machine and joined his brother in flight down an alley. Raymond rushed Into a garage, where he Jumped into a truck and j sped away. Floyd, afoot, was lost in j the darkness. . GERTRUDE LAWRENCE ! FINANCES TROUBLED j Meeting Held by Creditors of Actress Reported Engaged to Young Fairbanks. By the Associated Press. LONDON. February 5.—The Express j says Gertrude Lawrence, young ! British actress who has often been ! rumored engaged to Douglas Fair i banks, jr„ is having financial diffi i cutties. Her creditors held a private meeting j today, the paper says, at which a ι representative of her solicitors said her liabilities are approximately £11. 1000 (about $55.000). plus claims of £14.500 for Income taxes and super taxes. Her assets—Jewelry, mink coat, fur niture—total £1.350. plus "a certain amount of pawned Jewelry" which has not been redeemed, the Express says. No action was taken at the meeting. LEEDS YACHT LIBELED Former Officers' Messman Seeks $10,500 in Miami Suit. MIAMI. Fla., February 5 (IP).—The trim 175-foot yacht Moana, owned by William B. Leeds of Oyster Bay, Long Island, wealthy maker of tinplate. was libeled yesterday by Herman Decker, former officers' messman. Decker asked the Federal District Court to award him judgment of $500 for wages and maintenance from June 25 to December 10, 1934; $5.000 for injuries he asserted he received while carrying a steel medicine chest down a hatch and $5,000 for a severe cold and pleurisy he claimed to have con tracted aboard. Congress9 Emboldened by Court Decisions9 Questions Measures \ Signs of Emergence From Passive Role Seen in Challenge to Blind Acceptance of Roosevelt's Policies. By the Associated Press. Congress, after nearly two years of playing second fiddle, was stretching a somewhat hesitant hand toward first violin today. A growing tendency, noted by many observers, to debate, change and, In one notable case, even to reject the plans and desires of the Executive is fast becoming an outstanding phe nomenon of this second New Deal Congress. The first one. with acute emergencies, passed administration bills swiftly and without many ques tions. Two Supreme Court decisions re asserting traditional powers of Con gress have served to call attention ] again to the powerful role assigned to ! the legislative branch under the Con stitution. Upholds Senate Power. The latest was the MacCracken de cision yesterday, putting beyond doubt the Senate's right, to jail a man for contempt. Senators, notably Wagner, Democrat, of New York, looked upon this as a "healthy thing." strengthen ing the Senate's hand in Investiga tions. A decision with much bearing on the relations between the Legislature and the Executive was the one wiping the oil clause from N. R. A. as too broad a delegation of authority to the President. To the Senate has fallen the lead ing part in the renaissance of con gressional criticism—if such it should turn out to be. It was that branch which, against the desires of the President, rejected American adher ence to the World Court. It is In the Senate, too, that the Roœevelt $4.880.000.000 work and re lief bill is facing delays despite the ( pleas of administration officials that ' fast action Is necessary to replenish ! relief coffers. Senator Glass. Demo- i crat. of Virginia, who. with some other 1 Senators, dislikes some of the pro- 1 visions conferring wide powers on the administrative branch of the Govern ment, only yesterday «aid there was "no doubt" there wuold be "modifica-1 tions" In committee. Houae "Revolt" Mild. The House had passed the bill j swiftly, though only after "revolting" | members had obtained some relaxa tion of what they called "gag rule." i as well as some other modifications. Many students of Government have remarked that in times of acute stress a nation tends instinctively to put its trust in one-man leadership, while Legislatures and their deliberations fade into temporary twilight. Some were wondering today whether the new note being sounded in Con- ! gress is not a sign that, in the minds of some Senators and Representatives, at least, the Nation is emerging fur ther from the emergency period. However, the question whether the critics can, in any measurable degree, induce Congress to change or reject major parts of the administration's domestic program remains to be set tled. The World Court, administra tion men pointed out. was an old issue inherited from previous regimes and cutting across party lines. Though they foresee much debate. Democratic leaders are expressing confidence that on the domestic re covery issues. Congress and the Presi dent will work together. BOWL PROVES CLUE IN CHICAGO SLAYING Di»h From Which Bartender Ate Studied in Effort to Solve Mystery. Br th# Assoclattd Press. CHICAGO, February 5—A small brown bowl was the clue Investi- ; gators hoped today would solve the slaying of Louis K. Straub at the i fashionable North Side Saddle and Cycle Club. The discovery in the Straub apart ment of the bowl, from which Straub had midnight lunches at the club, was the only development authorities brought to light in their search for the person who shot the night bar tender In the club basement early Sunday morning. Police believe the solution of the slaying may hinge upon the removal of the bowl from the club to Straub's apartment, two blocks away. Straub's wife, a former showgirl, who has been questioned almost con tinually since she reported finding her husbands body, underwent lie detector tests yesterday at North western University, but the findings, authorities said, would prove of little value. j SHOOTING VICTIM IS HELD BY POLICE Link With Abortive Attempt to Bore Through Bank Boof Ii Sought. By the Associated Press. INDIANAPOLIS, February 5 — Ernest Tate, 24, suffering shotgun wounds in the right arm and left leg. was held under *5,000 bond in City Hospital today while police investi gated whether he may have been wounded in an abortive attempt to bore through the roof of a bank at Speedway City the night of January 25. Three men fled In a burst of fire from police who were waiting inside the bank. Tate was arrested January 29 here at the home of his parents, Mr. and Mrs. William Tate. He claimed he was shot by hijackers in St. Louis. In the home. Lieut. Leo Troutman, in charge of the raiding squad, said the officers found (60 in 50-cent pieces and |295 in bills. In an automobile in a garage were burglar tools, an electric drill and road maps of South ern States. The only weapon found was a rusted .22-callber rifle. Tate's parents, his wife, Mrs. Darts Tate, and Misa Beulah Reeves, living at the same address, were questioned by detectives. Indianapolis police were notified last night that Tate has been identi fied from photographs as a partici pant in the robbery of the Springfield Atlantic National Bank, at Jackson ville. Fla. WOMAN, 68, ARRESTED IN "BABY FARM" RAID Faces Charges of Illegal Opera tion Performance—Kan Sought by Pennsylvania Police. Br the Associated Press. ERIE, Pa, February 5—A raid on what police called a "baby farm" near Erie placed 68-year-old Mrs. Minnie Falkensteln in jail today to face charges of performing an illegal op eration. After her arrest on the farm yes terday, District Attorney Mortimer E. Graham said the woman had been convicted 35 years ago on a similar charte. She used the name Minnie Salot at that time, he said. State Trooper Walter Gibbons, who assisted in the arrest, said he is seek* lng a man be said paid for the alleged operation. A young Erie girl. Gib bons said, is In a hospital recovering from the operation and has agreed to testify. With Mr*. Falkensteln'* arrest. Gra ham said he had been Investigating for three months, and that "another plaça" alio la under surveillance. Designers Test New Rear-Motor Auto Allyn F. Streuer and Allen M. Hoppe, builders, are thown on recent test run Of their new rear-engine automobile at Hollywood, Calif. The machine is 7 1eet wide and IS feet long of tear-drop design, with luggage space of ordinary car taken up by motor. Designers say it wont' capsize. —A. P. Photo. Proposes to Continue Through Presidential Campaign of '36. By th· Associated Press. Postmaster General Farley proposes to continue a* chairman of the Demo cratic National Committee through the presidential campaign of 1938. This was made known definitely yesterday and ended a period of un certainty going back a year, when President Roosevelt first moved to di vorce Federal officers from political posts. Concurrently with the clearance nf Farley's Intentions, Senator Norns, Republican, of Nebraska, a Roosevelt supporter who has criticized Farley for holding the cabinet and party of fices, Introduced a bill to place the entire postal service under the strict est civil service regulations. Parley was reresented for weeks as anxious to quit his party office. It was said definitely at the White House in March that Mr. Rooeevelt would relieve him as committee chairman as quickly as a successor could be found. Then came word that he would con tinue for a few months. Later the understanding was that he would go on until the last party primary had been held in September. It was stretched later to cover the whole campaign of 1934 and now is to in clude President Roosevelt's campaign for re-election next year. PRESIDENT TO BUY FIRST "BABY BONO" Measure Signed by Roosevelt and Flans Made to Launch Drive for Sale». By the Associated Press. President Roosevelt yesterday signed the "baby bond" bill and arranged to be the flrst purchaser March X of the new type ol securities. The Treasury went ahead with plans to secure wide public partici pation in the new issues. The lowest denomination is $25. The bonds will be advertised at all post offices and other governmental agencies, which will have them as merchandise. Secretary Morgenthau will handle the initial sale to Mr. Roosevelt and the transfer will be conducted with ceremonies. — g WOMAN AVIATORS FIND HOME MORE HAZARDOUS Folding Bed Injures One and th· Other Is Hurt While Pick ing Flowers. By the Associated Press. LOS ANGELES. February 5—It isn"t the air that's hazardous two woman aviators found yesterday. Mrs. U. G. McQueen, president of the International Aeronautical Asso ciation, who made a fl'iht from Mex ico, D. F.. to Juneau, Alaska, w.thout mishap, is nursing a broken ankle. She broke it while picking flowers in her Beverly Hills home garden. Adoree Neville, stunt flver and para chute jumper, had a broken nose and lacerated head. A folding bed in a Hollywood hotel collapsed. Γ 1 Your Income Tax Exemptions Allowed Couples Married During Taxable Year. Taxpayers should note that under the revenue act of 1934 the credit for dependents, as well as the per sonal exemption, is required to be prorated where a change of status occurs during the taxable year and that these credits are allowable not only for the purpose of computing the normal tax, but also the surtax. A fractional part of a month is to be disregarded unless it amounts to more than half a month, in which case it is considered a month. For example, a single man and a single woman who were married on July 20, 1934, and were living together on the last day of the taxable year, may file a joint return. If they file their return or returns on the basis of the calendar year, they would be entitled to a personal exemption of $2,208.34, which is seven-twelfths of $1,000 for the husband while single, plus seven-twelfths of $1,000 for the wife while single, plus five-twelfths of $2,500 for the period during which they were married. If separate re turns are filed each is entitled to a personal exemption of $1,104.17, which is seven-twelfths of $1.000, plus one half of five-twelfths of $2.500. If dur ing the year 1934 the husband or the wife had the status of the head of a family prior to their marriage he or she would be entitled to to his or her pro rata share of the personal exemp tion of $2.500 allowed the head of a family for a period prior to their mar riage Instead of merely that allowed a single person. However, for the period of their marriage any exemp tion to which either might be en titled as the head of a family would be merged in the joint personal ex emption for that period. The joint personal exemption allowable in the case of a couple who were married and living together during the entire year may not exceed $2,500. If a child under 18 years of age and dependent on the parent for support reaches the age of 18 years during the taxable year, the credit of $400 for a dependent is required to be prorated in the same manner as the personal exemption. For exam ple, should the child's 18th birthday fall on June 30, the parent would be entitled to claim $200 credit for the dependent child—that Is, one-half of $400. The same rule applies to other dependents where a change of status occurs during the taxable year. · - - — BAND CONCERT. By the United States Navy Band Symphony Orchestra this evening at 8 o'clock in the Navy Yard 6ill Loft. Lieut. Charles Benter. leader. Alex ander Morris, assistant leader. Overture, "Sakuntala" Goldmark Tone poem. "Korsholm" Jarnefelt Solo for viola, "Concerto in Si Minor"....Handel Allegro Moderato. Andante-ma non troppo. Allegro Molto. Ralph Mack. "Second Symphony" (Antar), Rlmsky -Korea kow Largo. Allegro. Allegro-risoluto alia marcia. Allegretto vivace. "Waldweben" Wagner From the music drama. "Siegfried." "The Nation»! Anthem."