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(U 8 Weather Bureau Forecast.) I f Full Associated Press I
Probably light rain and slightly colder M ■ V m News and Wirpnhntrx; today; tomorrow cloudy, preceded by rain fl ■ ^ ■ ■ 1/ iNews ana WirepnotOS in morning; moderate northeast winds. m . ■ ■ Sunday Morning and Temperatures—Highest, 74, at 4 p.m. yes- Fvprv Aftprnnnn terday; lowest, 50, at 4 am. yesterday. M itVery AliemOOn. Pull report on page A-9. ▼ B ~ </P) Meant Associated Press._ Ko. 1.570-No. 3:l.2>7. WASHINGTON, D. C., SUNDAY MORNING, APRIL 21, 1935-104 PAGES. m „j^£,MC^TsSUBURBaITIgBICgBN.TS ROOSEVELT RISKS BLAME OR PRAISE Aides See Desire to Take Front Trench Action on Relief Program. TIME OF DISTRIBUTION FOCAL POINT IN PLANS Brakes Seen Necessary If Cash Is to Last Beyond 1936 Cam paign Season. BY EARNEST K. LINDLEY. ‘Copyright. 193n.> President Roosevelt has Informed hi* closest associates In the Gov ernment that he intends to take the actual, as well as the implied, respon sibility for the execution of the $4, 000.000.000 works program. He has made it plain to them that his pre viously announced intention to sit as chairman of the Allotment Com mittee for the Works Committee was not merely a device to smooth over rivalries in his administration or to appease Representatives and Senators who did not want to place the money in the hands of Harold L. Ickes, pub lic works administrator. The primary significance of the President's decision is* political, in tne view of his chief aides. Its effect will be to put him out where he will be the main target if the program fails to function properly. In a broad sense, of course, the President musi accept responsibility for everything that his administration does. But. as a matter of fact, the general public realizes that no President can be fully aware of everything that goes on in his administration, that he must dele gate responsibility. Popularity staves Off Attacks. The personal popularity of Mr. Roosevelt has served to shield him from direct attack from the political opposition to a greater extent than was the fortune of some of his prede cessors. Thus. Gen. Hugh S. John son took the main punishment for the N. R. A.; Henry A. Wallace. Sec retary of Agriculture, is taking the brunt of the attacks on the A. A. A.: James A. Farley has taken the blame for various political decisions, and Other members of the administration, have been the main targets of the opposition to various other New Deal policies. But now. as his associates see it, the President is getting ready to put himself out in front in the handling of the huge work-relief appropriation. While the actual administration of the program will be in several hands, the President will pass on every allot ment, according to his announced plans. The protective line of whip ping boys between him and the public will be cleared away. In the words of one of his lieutenants, Mr. Roosevelt is prepared to "stand or fall" on the ' successful administration of this fund, out of which he has promised to create direct employment for 3.500.000 able bodied unemployed on the relief rolls. The President's decision was made over the protests of most of his advis ers. They have urged him against taking an unnecessary risk, holding that if all goes well, he will get the credit anyway, while if anything goes wrong it will be convenient to let as much of the criticism as possible be absorbed by his lieutenants. They have argued, also, that he should not add any more burdens to his dally work Plans Not Revealed. The President has not yet com pletely revealed his plans for handling the money to his close associates, ac cording to people who should know. There is still a considerable amount of hauling and pulling for position among the men who expect to have some of the administrative responsi bility. When the President has his plan completely worked out, he ex pects to announce it himself, possibly at a special press conference compar able to his annual reviews of the budget for the Washington corre spondents. Under direction from the White j House, Harry L. Hopkins. Federal emergency relief administrator, Ickes and other officials are clearing the way for the new program. Mr. Hopkins intends to have the aged and miscellaneous unemploy - Bbles back on the hands of State and local governments by Midsummer. This in accordance with the plan outlined by the President in his an nual message to Congress. Apart from farmers in the drought areas and farmers who are being rehabili tated with the aid of small loans in non-drought areas, there are only about 3.500.000 physically and men tally capable heads of families on the (Continued on Page 4. Column 1.) U.S. MAN IS FOUND SLAIN IN MEXICO Consul Asks Thorough Probe of Killing—Outlaw Band Is Blamed. Mr the Associated Presi. BROWNSVILLE, Tex., April 20.— The bullet-riddled body of Raymond S. Bengson. 27-year-old American geologist, was found early today in the brushland southwest of Mata moros. Mexico. He apparently was killed by an outlaw band In a robbery. United States Consul Herndon Go forth asked Matamoros civil and mili tary authorities to make a thorough investigation. Bengson had about 800 pesos with him and was on his way to the camp of the Titania Oil Co., Standard Oil subsidiary, when he was killed. He was alone. Bengson was a native of Colorado, where his mother lives, and came here last August with his wife and young daughter from McAllen, Tex. Several weeks ago three armed men stopped him on the highway south west of Matamoros, but let him go wj^hout harming him. Byrd Discoveries Are Hailed As Greatest in Last Century Planes Enabled Wide Exploration of Antarctic, Chief Pilot Reveals, Telling of Dangers. BY RUSSELL OWEN. NEW YORK, April 20—The most complete season of exploration in the Antarctic since the days of Scott Is described by Harold June, who was the chief pilot and in charge of transportation for the latest expedition of Rear Admiral Richard E. Byrd. June has just returned to the United States from New Zealand to take part in winding up the affairs of the expedition. The two ships carrying most of the crew are now on the Pacific nearing Panama. A map that June has brought with him to show the work of the expedi tion makes it evident that, despite* difficulties, much more was accom plished this time than on Admiral Byrd's former trip South. The pos sibility of land was eliminated from the tce-covered sea north of Marie Byrd Land, the coast line was de lineated for about 300 miles to the east of the Edsel Ford Range, the Queen Maud Mountains were extended far to the east until they blended into a plateau and this plateau was traced at a height of 4.000 feet from the coast to the Queen Maud Range. This final accomplishment makes it certain that there is no channel be tween the Ross and Weddell Seas, and that the Arctic continent is a single land mass. The area explored, most of which was new territory even to Byrd and his men. who had been there before, | is so large that it is about equal to the exploration of all other expedi tions of the Ross Sea sector of the continent. This was made possible, of course, by the use of planes, which were flown, ever, in bad weather, much more than they were on the former expedition. When the area explored at sea Is added to that on ice or land, the re sults of the expedition are more far reaching. so far as geographical work is concerned, than those of any ex pedition since that of Ross about 100 years ago. The work was the logical result of the discoveries of Admiral Byrd on his first southern trip and, as it was planned by him in its broad outlines, (Continued on Page 2. Column 5.) POWERS UNMOVED BY CURT NAZI N01E Hitler’s Rebuke to League Nations Expected—Tone Held Mild. By the Associated Press. Europe yesterday refused to get ex cited about Adolf Hitler's curt birth day note, sent to 14 powers repre sented on the League of Nations Council, rejecting the Council's cen sure of Germany's rearmament. Rome was surprised only at the sharpness of the note, although of ficials said something of the sort had been expected. British opinion was summed up In the comment: "Nothing to get excited about." Frenchmen termed it "essentially platonic.” No power, it appeared, planned an immediate reply to the Hitler com munication, even though advices in dicated he would await their answer before listing his specific objections to the League resolution. Approved in Germany. BERLIN.—Germany's fervent cele bration of der Fuehrer's 46th birth day provoked almost universal ex pression of approval of his military program, which gained impetus as Storm Troops and veterans' associa tions presented him 41 new airplanes. ROME.—Afternoon newspapers gave the German note scant display, carrying no editorial comment. Italy, meanwhile, started what officials called the "biggest annuel recruiting of avi ators held in the world" as the air ministry began receiving applications for 1.300 posts as pilots and 4.750 as specialist mechanics. PARIS—The government was de scribed as believing no further action necessary in connection with the Ger man note, which political circles re garded as reiteration of the Reich’s decision to destroy the Versailles treaty. Received in London. LONDON.—While most, government officials were away from the city on Easter holidays, the note was com municated to them from the foreign office. _ COPENHAGEN —The note sent to (Continued on Page 5, Column 7.) -• CURLEY IS DEFIED BY EDITOR AT QUIZ Newspaper Executive Risks Jail to Protect Confidential Informant. By the Associated Press. BOSTON. April 20.—A Boston news paper editor who declined to disclose the source of a news story was threat ened tonight by Gov. James M. Cur ley with jail over Easter, but after consideration, the Governor deferred action on contempt proceedings until Monday. The newspaper man was William G. Gavin, city editor of the Boston Trav eler, who earlier had been given an hour by the Governor to reveal who supplied him Information on which an articlr* in today’s Traveler was based. On advice of counsel, Gavin de clined to name the source. The Governor and his Executive Council then set 1 p.m. Monday as the time at which the editor and his counsel should appear for a hearing. The Traveler report, based on in formation Gavin said had been given him personally and in confidence, said Councilor Edmund Cote, Republican, of Pall River would vote to oust Eu gene C. Hultman as chairman of the Metropolitan Commission. The coun cil and the Governor have been sit ting in a Judicial capacity at ouster proceedings brought by the Governor against Hultman. Curley, Cote and other members of the council were incensed over the report. STRIKE SABOTAGE FAILS DANVILLE, 111., April 20 OP).—Ten sion in the Central Illinois utility strike area increased today when spe cial guards reported the discovery of six sticks of dynamite above the Texas Panhandle pipe line bringing natural gas into this city. County officials were told an at tached fuse had burned out several inches from the dynamite. Employes of the Illinois Power A Light Corp. have been on strike here jjnce April I. ^ > REPORT ASSAILED Richberg Charges Institution With Playing Politics in Releasing Data. By the Associated Press. Donald R. Richberg yesterday charged the Brookings Institution with playing politics In publishing an un favorable report on N. R. A. just when the Senate Finance Committee con cluded hearings on new recovery legislation. Any one reading the report of this institution for research and study, the N. R. A. chief said, would see ‘ that it has been designed as political propaganda in order to influence con gressional action in support of the pet theories of a few reactionary econo mists." Terming the Brookings statement "another pied piper for the front pages, dressed in academic robes but piping a tune that will lead us to destruction." Richberg said: "The publication of this intemper ate. emotional document in aid of a political attack upon the N. R. A. and the timing even of advance publicity apparently in an effort to ‘blanket' Gen. Johnson’s testimony <to the Finance Committee and favorable to N R. A.» are actions quite unworthy of an institution assuming the char acter of scientific impartiality." Richberg to be Called. Coincident with Richberg’s six-page attack on the institution was Senate Finance Committee study in closed session of the findings of expert in vestigators into thousands of N. R. A. complaints. Afterward Senator Clark Democrat of Missouri, an N. R. A. foe. said Richberg would be called before the group to submit an opinion he was reported to have written re garding N. R. A.’s jurisdiction over intrastate commerce. Another N. R. A. senatorial critic. Nye of North Dakota, told a radio au dience the anti-trust laws must be re stored. He demanded that if N. R. A. was to be reformed, the reforms should be written into the law and not left to Administration. Referring to Gen. Johnson's statement that the baby should be scrubbed up, rather than thrown down the drain pipe, Nye said: "As a friend of the alleged purpose of N. R. A. but as an enemy of the accomplishments of selfishness under its months of actual operation, I can but say that there is not in existence a drain pipe of sufficient size to carry away the unfair things which N. R. A. has permitted, that the so-called N. R. A. baby is going to require many scrubbings in a legislative way before it is presentable again, and that there is going to be but little reform after (Continued on Page 8, Column 1.) TENANT UNION CHIEF FEARED KIDNAPED Justice Agents Asked to Locate Organizer Missing Since Thursday. By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, April 20. — Clarence Senior, national secretary of the So cialist party, said tonight he had asked the Department of Justice to investigate the disappearance of E. B. McKinney, 60. of Marked Tree, Ark., vice president of the Southern Tenant Farmers’ Union, in the belief the missing man had been kidnaped. Senior said McKinney, colored, left Memphis, Term., Thursday by bus to attend a conference in Chicago Fri day, but did not arrive here. D. M. Ladd, acting agent in charge of the Federal Bureau of Investigation here, said he was unable to comment on Senior's report. McKinney, the Socialist secretary said, had been active in organizing the “share-croppers,” or tenant farm ers, of Northeastern Arkansas, and had been threatened with harm by groups opposed to such organization. Hi-Jackets Kill Driver. HARVEY, N. Dak., April 20 UP).— Don Leismeister, reputed bootlegger, was shot and killed today for a cargo of 100 gallons of alcohol, according to the story told police by F. H. Stock man, a witness. Stockman said two men who had arranged to meet Leis meister killed him as he delivered the • I REGIONAL PARLEYS OF G. 0. P. LEADERS Plan Agreed Upon at Lunch eon to William Allen White at Capitol. FLETCHER SEES REVIVAL OF INTEREST IN PARTY Senator Vandenberg Advises Against Early Discussion of Presidential Candidates. BY G. GOULD LINCOLN. Rrpublican regional conferences, to stimulate party activity and to lay the groundwork for the national campaign next year, were heartily indorsed by leading Republicans from the East and West at a luncheon given yester day at the Capitol in honor of the Rrpublican sage and veteran editor, William Allen White of Kansas. The roster of guests at the lunch eon, which wa:, given by Representa tives U. S. Guyer and Clifford R. Hope of Kansas, included several Re publicans who have been prominently mentioned as "presidential possibili ties," the rhairman of the Republican National Committee. Henry P. Fletcher of Pennsylvania: former Vice Presi dent Charles Curtis of Kansas, the chairman of the Repub’ican Congres sional Committee, Representative Chester C. Bolton of Ohio, and Gov. Harry W. Nice of Maryland. Among the presidential possibilities were Sen ator Arthur H Vandenberg of Michi gan, Senator Charles L. MrNary of Oregon. Republican leader of the Sen ate: Senator William E. Borah of Idaho. Senator L. J. Dickinson of Iowa and Representative Betrand H. Snell of New York, minority leader of the House. Agree on Major Points. There was general agreement that there should be no early commitments to candidates for the presidential nomination and that the writing of the Republican platform of 1936 also should be delayed until next year. The idea expressed was that the plat form should be written In the light of the conditions confronting the country next year and what the Democratic administration doea or does not do. mi. Tviiiuc. wane uuuiiniiii|$ icspuu libility for the origin of the proposed Midwest Regional Republican Con ference slated for May, gave his ideas of what the conference should seek to accomplish. He strongly urged party unity and that young Republic ans should play a prominent part in the deliberations. He even went so far as to suggest that the conference might be confined to Republicans un der 50 years of age. New England Represented. New England was represented at the luncheon by Joseph W. Martin, Representative from Massachusetts, and Ralph O. Brewster, Representa tive from Maine. New England, by the way. is to hold the first Republican regional conference in Boston the end of April. Chairman Fletcher welcomed the idea of the regional conferences. He said that the idea had not come from "headquarters,’’ but had come from the "grass roots." a sign of revival of party interest. Mr. Fletcher said that the national committee would place anything it has at the disposal of the conferences. Senator Dickinson, speaking in a militant vein, declared that it was “never too early to challenge a wrong,” that it was time to call a spade a spade, and that 90 per cent of the time should be taken up pointing out the fallacies of the New Deal. “We must assure the country,” he said, “that those things which are being done under the New Deal will be changed. The contest of tomor row will be between State economy and Federal socialism." Middle Ground Urged. Representative Snell said that he was willing to go “two-thirds of the way" on any program that the Re publicans can get together on. "We can’t elect a conservative or a radical Republican national ticket next year," said Mr. Snell. “We will have_to get Into the middle of the (Continued on Page 7, Column 1.) PACT DELAY EXPLAINED France Insists Russia Give Pledge to Halt Propaganda. GENEVA. April 20 C4>).—Soviet Rus sia’s refusal to give an "air-tight" pledge no Communist propaganda would be circulated in France, said re ports current In Geneva today, was one of the things delaying an agree ment on a Franco-Russian pact of mutual assistance. Maxim Lltvinoff. Soviet commissar for foreign affairs, who had been ex pected to go to Paris, stole off mys teriously from Geneva yesterday by automobile and is supposed to have taken a train at Basle for Moscow. Easter Eggs. ran ATTRACTS Sunrise Services to Mark Joyful Festival of Resurrection. In a fragrant setting of Easter lilies and cherry blossoms. Washington to day welcomed some 100,000 visitors to its joyful festival of the Resurrection. : The President and Mrs. Roosevelt planned to lead the Nation to Its Easter church services by attending St. Thomas’ Episcopal Church, Eight eenth between P and Q streets, at 11 o'clock. Rev. C. Ernest Smith will deliver the sermon. Mrs. Roosevelt also indicated her intention of attending the sunrise service at Arlington National Ceme tery. where thousands of Washing tonians each year celebrate the Resur rection of Christ. These services, be ginning at 7:30 a.m., are under au spices of the grand commandery of the Knights Templar of the District of Columbia and members of the order from nearby States. White House Decorated. The Roosevelts make much of Easter, as they do of Christmas, and from the White House gardens gifts of stately lilies have been sent this year to an Intimate circle of friends. Decorations of lilies and syrlnga in the formal downstairs rooms symbolize the spirit of the day. The Easter fam ily party includes Mrs. Hall Roosevelt of Detroit, sister-in-law of Mrs. Roosevelt, and her small daughters. Amy and Diana, two young Roosevelts who have never seen a White House Easter egg rolling, but who will stay over tomorrow to witness that annual fete. , The traditional sunrise service at Walter Reed Hospital was also to be held at 7:30 o'clock. All of the local churches have arranged special pro grams of music and many will hold sunrise services and early f»«t,ival masses, some beginning as eatly as 6 a.m. Monastery Expects 50.000. At. least 50.000 visitors are expected at the Franciscan Monastery in Brookland. where nearly that many guests were entertained yesterday. Twenty pilgrimages from other cities are expected. Masses are at 6, 7, 7:30 and 8 o'clock, with a solemn high mass of the resurrection at 9 o’clock. This will be celebrated by Father Bertrand. In Washington Cathedral, Bishop James E. Freeman will deliver the ser mons at the festival service of holy communion at 11 a.m., and the fea- I tiva! evensong service at 4 o'clock. Special Easter music will be rendered (Continued on Page 3, Column 5.) D. C.-NEW YORK BUS HIT Driver Hurt, 34 Passengers Shaken in Collision. PHILADELPHIA. April 20 (A*).— The driver of a Washington-New York bus was seriously hurt and 34 pas sengers were shaken today In a col lision with a truck in nearby Upper Darby. The bus came to a halt at the curb less than 10 feet from the Upper Darby Munclpal Building. Joseph Boyd. 34, the driver, col lapsed before he could leave his seat at the wheel. Arthur Emery, the truck driver, escaped injury by jump- ! lng. Police held him for an investi gation. I Roosevelts Slip Off for Ride Alone In Balmy W eather Presidential Pair Coes in Small Car, With Guard in Rumble Seat. By the Associated Press. With Mrs. Roosevelt as chauffeur. President Roosevelt slipped away from the White House late yesterday for an automobile ride through the Capital's balmy Spring weather. The presidential couple rode in Mrs. Roosevelt's small blue roadster. In the rumble seat sat Gus Gennerich, the President's personal attendant. Another car full of Secret Service men trailed behind. Throughout most of the day, Mr. Roosevelt Jenied himself to callers and worked uninterruptedly on an ac cumulation of mall and special re ports. He remained away from the executive office for the week end and devoted himself almost exclusively to private business which piles up during even the quietest White House week. Edgar B. Smith Killed by Alleged Hit-Run Car Downtown. (Picture on Page A-1./ A few hours after an alleged hit and-run accident which cost the life of Edgar B. Smith. 67-year-old re tired stock broker, a taxicab driver was arrested last night and held for in vestigation In connection with the fatality. The cab driver is Mickey M. Har rison, 29. of 3008 Thirteenth street, who walked into the Traffic Bureau about 4 hours after the accident and said he understood he was being sought. Earlier, the night driver of the cab, identified by witnesses as the one which struck Smith at Eleventh street and New York avenue about 4 p.m.. was apprehended, but was released when he explained he had taken the machine from his company's garage more than half an hour after the accident. Harrison, police were told, had turned the cab in at the garage at First and M streets northeast about 20 minutes after the accident. A look-out was broadcast for the cab after witnesses furnished police with a description and license num bers of the car and said it failed to stop after the accident. Smith, who was formerly connected with E. P. Murphy Co. and lived at 330 Peabody street, died in George Washington University Hospital about 8:30 p.m. of a fractured skull. He was taken to the hospital by Archie P. Fletcher, 2802 Rhode Island ave nue northeast. Mrs. Virginia Smith, a teacher at Roosevelt High School, was not located for several hours after her I husband was Injured. She was notified too late to reach the hospi tal before he died. It was the thirty-sixth traffic fatality since January 1 in the District. ARABS SEE ITALIAN AID Leader Confirms Rumor* of Agree ment With II Duce. JERUSALEM, April 20 (Palcor Agency).—HaJ Amin El Husseini, grand mufti of Jerusalem, assured Sir Arthur Grenfell Wauchope, high com missioner of Palestine, today there was truth in the publication Thursday of a letter quoting Benito Mussolini as saying he would guarantee the Arabs national independence in the event of a new world war. An Arab newspaper published the letter, allegedly confirming an agree ment among Arab leaders to conduct pro-Italian propaganda among Arabs in Palestine and Syria. Earth Shock Cause! Panic. LISBON, Portugal, April 19 (delayed by censor) C4>).—A series of violent earth shocks lasting Intermittently about an hour and 30 minutes caused panic in the vicinity about Oporto to night. Residents hastily left their dwellings as the quakes began. No damage or injuries were reported 4. i Senator Calls on Press to Defend Constitutional Rights of People. The press of the Nation was called on last night by Senator Borah. Re publican. of Idaho, to protect the people against Governmental en croachment on their constitutional rights. In a general criticism of the trend of the New Deal, he told the Ameri can Society of Newspaper Editors at its Willard Hotel banquet that his wrath was stirred "to find men in re sponsible positions bringing forward again the shameless betrayal of free speech found in the old alien and sedition laws." Borah termed as a "dangerous ex periment” and "exploded theory” the effort to “control opinions and belief by laws." Declares Public Holds Key. “This trend away from constitu tional methods can never be arrested in any other way than by aroused and well-sustained public opinion." he said. "In other words, it is distinctly the people's fight. There is little to be expected from political parties. They are prone to subordinate every thing to party success or to party ex pediency. The history of the two lead ing political parties during the last 30 years gives little evidence of any serious differences as to the most pronounced tendencies in matters of Government * • • "The practice which has grown up of authorizing departments to make rules and regulations, the violation of which constitutes a crime, is one of the most objectionable practices with which the citizen has to contend. This practice has been denounced by both parties when out of power and adopt ed and extended by both parties when in power. There is scarcely any (scheme imaginable more calculated to instill fear and confusion in the mind of the ordinary person and to finally undermine all freedom of action than to subject him to countless rules and regulations by numberless depart ments, or bureaus, the violation of which burdens his property or re strains him of his liberty. It is a species of tyranny that is foreign to every concept of constitutional Gov ernment. Sees Peril in Bills. Senator Borah reminded his hear ers that in recent months "a deluge of bills” has been introduced in State Legislatures and Congress, some of which "enter the domain of opinions and beliefs and would seek to restrain or control such opinions and beliefs by punitive measures.” He termed such measures “a dan gerous experiment” and "at war with the first principles of democracy." and held they meant "spies and provo cateurs" and revived the spirit of the old alien and sedition laws. He defended the great body of the American people from the idea that they are carried away with "strange isms.” He denied they are ready for "communism or fascism.” The Senator summed up his re marks, In urging the press to be on guard for the righta of the American people, as follows: “The Constitution is the rule which (Continued on Page 3, Column 6.) TWO MORE DIONNE BABIES ARE SICK Yvonne Alone of Quintuplet* “Take* Air” on Veranda Free From Cold*. By the Associated Press. CALLANDER, Ontario, April 20.— The sick ward at the Dafoe Hospital today held four young patients, two more of the Dione quintuplets, An nette and Cecile, joining Emllie and Marie, suffering with slight head colds. Yvonne “took the air" on the veranda alone. Marie became ill yesterday. Like Annette and Cecile, her temperature hovers around 100 degrees. Emilies temperature was normal and she was well on the way to complete re covery. Dr. A. R. Defoe, physician to the children, said there was still no cause for alarm, adding that the head cold was "running its course.” Marie and Emllie showed weight gains today while the newcomers to the sick list, Cecils^nd Annette, lost. Bug in Eye Halts Non-Stop Flight of Amelia Earhart By the.AMoeUUd Pres*. MEXICO. D. F.. April 20 —Bugs get in your eye, Amelia Earhart found to her sorrow today, and spoil non-stop flights from Los Angeles to Mexico. A tiny Insect so blinded her, the famed conqueror of two oceans said as she arrived here today 13>/2 hours after talcing off from the California city, that she could not read her maps and had to land 60 miles short of her goal to get her bearings. A cow pasture at Nopala. State of Hidalgo, provided an emergency land ing field. There she found she was 100 miles off her course. She removed the bug, fixed her eye, got her bear ings and hopped off again for Mexico where 10,000 persons cheered as she landed. Miss Earhart herself was disap pointed at what she described as her ^unsuccessful” i,700-mllc flj^ht. In tended to increase good will between Mexico and the United States. As soon as she sees something of Mexico, she said shortly after landing at 1:27 pjn. local time (2:27 E. S. T.), "I will try to do a better job of flying non-stop to New York.” She also said she hopes to attempt the Los Angeles-Mexico flight again. Wildly applauded at her arrival by the largest crowd at the airport since Col. Charles A. Lindbergh arrived In 1927. Miss Earhart said the forced landing delayed her at least half an hour. She averaged about 140 miles an hour. The chief feature of the trip for her. Miss Earhart said, was the stolidity of Mexican cows, which re fused to move when she circled the field at Nopala. The cows in Ireland, she commented, were much more (Continued on Page 3, Column 1.) GRAND JURY PROBE IN LYDDANE CASE ORDERED BY JUDGE Wife and Former Gambler Held in $10,000 Bond After Hearing. WOMAN MUST FACE COURT AGAIN TOMORROW Accused of Conspiracy to Slay Mrs. Beall. Who Named Her in Divorce Suit. BY W. H. SHIPPEN, .?R.. Staff Correspondent of The Star. ROCKVILLE. Md . April 20—Mrs. Anne Lyddane and an alleged confed erate were held under *10.000 bonds each for the grand jury late today following a prolonged hearing on charges that they participated in a fantastic plot upon .the life of her husband. Pranris Lyddane. Mrs. Lyddane. 32-vear-old seeretarv to the president of a leading bank here, and member of a pioneer Mont gomery County family, was ordered held by Judge Daniel A. Delashmu't along with John Martin Boland. 42. described as a former Washington gambler. Another Hearing Monday. Boland was described by Mrs. Lyd dane's accusers as the man who was to have hired an assassin to do away with Lyddane during a faked hold-up. After the arguments, the court said: ‘‘My holding these two defendants for the grand jury will in no way prejudice their case. Prom this evi dence I am firmly convinced that they should be held for the grand jury, and I so order.” State's Attorney James H Pugh of Montgomery County obtained a sever ance in hearing the charges against M.-s. Lyddane and on Monday at 1 o’clock she will appear again before Judge Delashmutt on charges that she conspired with John H. Carnell, Rockville bartender and lormer Wash ington bootlegger, and Edwin J. Davis to assassinate Mrs. Arthur Beall, of Damestown. Mrs. Beall named Mrs. Lyddane as corespondent in a divorce suit aeainst her husband: a suit thAt. was withdrawn. The accused woman's husband. Francis Lyddane, took the stand as a defease witness late today and told the court that he had not lived as ''man and wife" with Mrs. Lyddane for more than a year and no longer loved her because he knew she was "going about with another fellow.” Back's Wife Testimony. Lyddane. however, corroborated his wife's earlier testimony that she told him she paid $200 to two men, un known to her, after they had threat ened to kidnap him. Mrs. Lyddane explained to the court she was being blackmailed by Carnell, who knew about “Arthur Beall and me." and that she had faked the kidnap story to spare her husband's feelings. Perhaps the calmest woman In the packed court room today, Mrs. Lyddane repeated her story to the court in a level, low pitched voice. She was smartly dressed in a black suit, a tiny black Spring hat and white gloves. The accused woman said Carnell and a man she did not know came to her apartment in December to talk over a “business deal.” but that she refused to talk to them. Carnell. she explained, had been threatening her and extorting small sums of money, no larger than $6 at a time, because he knew about her affair with Beall. Later, Mrs. Lyddane testified, she received two telephone calls from a man she did not know, demanding money. The first time, she explained, she did not have any money, and the second time she agreed to pay the following day. The demand was for $200 and Mrs. Lyddane said she overdrew her ac count and borrowed $25 to make up the amount. On leaving the bank at the lun-h hour, she said, she saw two men. one standing beside an automobile bear- - ing Ohio tags and the other seated behind the wheel. Mrs. Lyddane said she handed over the money to them. She explained sjte later told her husband and he dlfered to seport to the State's attorney's office. She said she told her husband: "I spent $200 (Continued on Page 5, Column 1.) -• SECOND EXTRADITION TRY FOR INSULL IS UNKNOWN Canadian Government Declares No Application Received From Washington. By the Associated Press. OTTAWA April 20.—The Canadian government has received no applica tion from Washington for a second extradition of Martin Insull to stand trial on charges arising from the col lapse of the Insull utilities companies. Insull, who retained his British na tionality all the years he lived in Chicago, was extradited from Canada some months ago, but was acquitted on embezzlement charges. In March he was deported to Canada as an "un desirable alien” and is living quietly In Orillia, Ontario. Officials of the Justice Department said it would be an "extreme novelty" if Washington sought Insull's second extradition, especially In view of the deportation. 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