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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, May 30, 1935, Image 1

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weather. If The only evening paper
ftT 8 weather Bureau Forecast* H . ... f,
Mostly cloudy, probably occasional f in Washington With the
showers late tonight and tomorrow; little M B^B Associated Press News
change in temperature. M ■ <»■■■ W , .... , , 0
Temperatures—Highest. 88. at. 3; 15 p m. ■ ■ B B B^ and W irephoto Services,
yesterday; lowest. 65. at 7:30 a.m. today. wA W )l 1 I
Full report on page A-9. 1^^ -—-— ■ wmooutmw
■ 1 —- m / Yesterday’s Circulation, 126,693
New York Stock Market Closed Today_______ Somr Returns Not Yet Received
Vo Kh.ered as second class matter WASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, MAY 30, 1035—THIRTY-EIGHT PAGES. * <*> M..n. Associated Prtss. TWO CENTS.
i>0* dd,-UU. post, office. W ashtnjit-Hi. P. C. 7 7 ^
• •!• —.....
Mass Pressure
Hoped For to
Aid Fight.
Campaign to Scrap
Trade Pael Idea
Is Begun.
President Roosevelt this morn
ing resumed his conferences with
a view to determining New Deal
policy, meeting with Donald R.
Riehberg and other members of
the Industrial Recovery Board.
Mr. Roosevelt was believed by aides
to he preparing for some parly ac
tion to maintain the code pnn
eiples. particularly minimum wages
and maximum hours.
Before going to the whitp House,
Riehberg and the mher members
of the Recovery Board had met at
N. R. A headquarters for more
'han an hour.
Ft »h« Associated Press.
Out of the welter of speculation
end clashing counsels that 'lowed
N. R. A.'s death, these three develop
ments emerged to gain attention to
1. After President Roosevelt had
Indicated he was watching the re
action of the country before decid
ing on a course of action, it became
clear that many New Dealers hope
for mass pressure by the public to
aid them in salvaging features of
K R A.
2. Hugh S. Johnson, after a con
ference with President Roosevelt,
came forward with a two-point plan
for a "stronger, bettet. more per
manent N. R. A. * and appealed to
his radio listeners to demand of
Congress "that everything 'eft by
the court's decision be saved."
3. Senatorial foes of N R. A. showed
* disposition to examine anv new
plans with a critical eye. Senator
Clark, Democrat, of Missouri .said
there was no chance of amending
the Constitution and hinted at a
prolonged fight against such a pro
posal Senator Borah. Republican of
Idaho declared anv system of volun
tary codes must guard against "all
possibility of monopoly "
Trade Part Scrapping Sought.
Meanwhile. Senator Vandcnberc.
Republican, nf Michigan sought !o
get the Senate 10 scrap the Roose
velt reciprocal foreign trade agree
ment. program, contending the N. R.
A. decision showed Congress unlaw
fully delegated treaty-making powers
to the President,
Though some administration ad
visers had talked on non-compulsory
codes, in which industry and labor
could join nf their own free will,
many observers thought it. was ap
parent from Mr. Roosevelt's remarks
at his press conference late yes
terday that he does not believe a
wholly voluntary system would be
Though he said many code groups
and trade associations had signified
• heir intention to stick h.v code prin
ciples, he added that cut-throat,
tactics by a minority could disrupt
the whole thing. Whether this fore
shadowed any new effort at compul
sion on recalcitrants was not dis
closed, for the President spoke of no
Posed Set of Questions.
He said w'hat is happening through
put the country is more important
than Washington developments. He
posed a series of hypothetical ques
tions as to whether wages had been
cut. hours lengthened, prices slashed
and cut-throat tactics adopted.
Johnson, in his speech last night. ;
however, outlined roughly what he
thought could be done. He and Prof.
Felix Frankfurter of Harvard had i
conferred earlier with the President,
hut the former Blue Eagle chief
emphasized he was speaking on his
To meet the Supreme Court's objec
tion that Congress illegally delegated
law-making powers, he suggested that
Congress enact "a set of precise defi
nitions of fair practices” and then
have some "administrative body, under
the President's direction, say what
practices in any industry would fall
within or without the rule or standard
aet up bv the Congress itself.”
' That." he said, "would meet every
(Continued on Page 3. Column l.j
Peiping and Tientsin Are Re
garded as Subject to
Br tb# Associated Pres*.
TOKIO. May 30.—Military spokes
men freely discussed today “the ad
visability of including Peiping and
Tientsin within the demilitarized
eone.” which was established south of
the Great Wall of China by the
Tangku truce of May 31, 1933.
There were strong indications that,
the Japanese war leaders—as in Sep
tember. 1931, when the conquest of
Manchuria began—are ready to resort
to arms against China.
This action of extending the demili
tarized zone would place Northern
Hopei, including the ancient capital
And metropolis of North China, under
the domination of the Japanese Army
almost as completely as Manchukuo,
where the Japanese Army Is the ruling
The Peiping correspondent of Rengo
(Japanese news agency) previously
said the Japanese had asserted a
punitive expedition would be sent
south from Manchuria unless anti
Japanese terrorism tn North China
was quickly checked.
N.R. A. Round-Up
Review of Art ion Over
Nation in \A akr of
DETROIT, May 30 '/Pi.— Alfred P.
Sloan, jr., president of General Mo
tors Corp.. said in a statement issued
here last night that he regarded the
Supreme Court decision on N. R. A.
as a vital step forward in promoting
a sane industrial recovery." He de
clared that General Motors did not
ront.emplate any downward readjust
ment of wages.
bers of the Window Glass Code Au
thority—one of the few N. R. A. au
thorities which included 100 per cent
membership of an industry—voted
yesterday at a special meeting to con
tinue operating under their code
agreement. The manufacturers agree
ing include the powerful Pittsburgh
Plate Glass and Libby-Owens-Ford
Cos. Approximately 5.000 workers are
employed in manufacturing window
NEW YORK. May 30 i/P).—C. E.
Wiekman. president of Greyhound
Corp. has announced his company
will continue to observe provisions of
the abandoned motor bus rode relating
to hours nf labor, minimum wages and
abolition of child labor.
BALTIMORE. May 3(1 (/PI.-With
a plea tn •'revise the Constitution to
meet conditions of the twentieth cen
tury” ringing in Its ears, organised
labor of Baltimore stood pledged to
day to fight for the retention of
benefits gained under N. R. A. About
4.000 union members at a gigantic
mass meeting yesterday loudly ap
plauded the suggestion of Representa
tive Vito Marcantonio. Democrat, of
New York. that, r constitutional con
vention be railed bv two-third? of the
States to revise "our antiquated Con
CHICAGO, May 30 (4b.—A group
of 30 cotton garment manufacturers
whose plant,? employ approximately
6.000 persons last night announced
approval of voluntary agreement
pledging a continuation of the pro
visions of the cotton garment rode,
particularly those concerning mini
mum wage and maximum hour regu
HARRISONBURG. Va.. May 30 (4b.
—Resolutions to retain in their busi
ness all the provisions of the N. R. A.
lime code permitted by the Supreme
Court decision were adopted here yes
terday by lime manufacturers of Vir
ginia. North Carolina and South
OKLAHOMA CITY. May 30 t4>).—
Oklahoma City merchants. 125 of
them, agreed yesterday to adhere to
N. R. A. principles.
ATLANTA, May 30 (4b.—A survey
of some of the leading business houses
in Atlanta rpveals that there is no
prospect at present of any changes
in wage scales or work hours. Three
grocery chains announced definitely
that existing hours and wages would
be maintained. Two major drug store
chains also said they would continue
to observe code regulations.
LOUISVILLE. Kv.. May 30 (4b —
A pledge to conduct their business "as
nearly as possible in conformity” with
the invalidated N. R. A. code was
marie here yesterday in a resolution
adopted by the bakers of Louisville
and of New Albany and Jefferson
ville. two Indiana towns just across
the Ohio River.
PERU. 111.. May 30 (4b— E. E.
Alger, owner of a chain of theaters
in 10 Illinois cities, yesterday an
nounced he had granted wage in
creases of 5 per cent to his 100 or
more employes. He said the abolition
of N. R. A. will permit his theaters to
operate more profitably on a com
petitive basis.
A campaign was launched here yes
terday to raise $60.1)00 to reimburse
Joseph Schechter of Biooklyn. head
of the poultry company which suc
cessfully contested the validity of the
N R. A. codes, for ;ounsel and court
expenses. The plan was started by
the Washington County Post, weekly
newspaper. Response was immediate,
including contributions from a bank
president, eounty treasurer, chamber
of commerce president and a former
COLUMBIA. S. C.. May 30 OP),—
Gov. Olin D. Johnston suggested yes
terday that the States ‘co-ordinate
their efforts to preserve some of the
vital portions” of the N. R.. A. and
said he probably would propose it at
the forthcoming Governors' Confer
ence at Biloxi. Miss. The Governor
asserted "a committee from every
State in the Union should be ap
pointed to meet and thresh out and
work out a solution 'o this problem."
OKLAHOMA CITY. May 30 (>Pt —
Gov. E. W Marland said yesterday
Oklahoma labor appealed to him to
urge employers retain wage and
'Continued on Page 3, Column 5.)
Cuts in Prices
Offset by Code
Business Men of
Nation Seek to
Keep Gains.
By th* Associated Press.
CHICAGO. May 30—The legal
death of N R. A.'s Blue Eagle was
marked today hv reports of a spread
in price cutting, but many industrial
and business leaders continued to
give assurance that, wages and hours
of employment would remain un
changed despite the Supreme Court’s
"knockout” blow.
Price cutting was reported in New
York, Kansas City and Los Angeles
with the removal of code restrictions,
and there were several defections
from th° general rule of industries
that agreed to prolong the Blue
Eagle's standards on a voluntary
basis—notably, at Greenville. S- C.
where the Piedmont Shirt Co. an
nounced a wage reduction averaging
25 per cent and an increase in work
ing hours to from 36 to 40 and 44
a week.
Threats of a general strike of about
3.000 garment workers were voiced tn
St. Louis by officials of the Interna
tional Ladies Garment Workers' Union
if manufacturers in this hnr dis
regard the wage and hour condition'
that existed under the N. R. A. Meyer
Pprlstein, international ’ice president
of the organization, made the an
Cigarette Prices Slump.
The price rutting in New York sent
cigarette pricer to as low as 60 cents
a carton, and there also was some
price cutting in the Nation's me
tropolis on books, cosmetics and liquors.
With the cuts came the charge that
virtually the entire fur industry had
abandoned the 35-hour week and was
working unlimited overtime. It was
promptly denied by a spokesman for
the fur workers' union.
Other developments included .
The Pacific Coast, Petroleum Agency,
organized a year ago to stop gasoline
price-cutting wars, suspended opera
The departure of S. C. Lamport.
New York textile manufacturer and
wholesale rot ton goods exporter, for
Boston in quest of support from Oov
James M. Curley for his plan for a
national maximum - hour - minimum -
wage schedule
Kellogg to Keep Wages.
From Battle Creek. Mieh.. came
word that W. K Kellogg, president of
the Kellogg Co., said his concern
would continue present wage scales,
adding. “We have found this policy
of shorter hours and higher wages
beneficial to our employes and the
Tampa. Fla., cigar manufacturers
would continue N. R. A. wages and
working conditions. A. L. Cuesta, jr..
president of the Cigar Manufacturers’
Association of Tampa, announced.
In New York. Grover A. Whalen
said about 100.000 employes in retail
stores of the metropolis would con
tinue working under the present hour
and wage schedules of the N. R. A.
retail code.
Firmness I'rged in Baltimore.
Adam J. Hazlett. president of the
Baltimore Association of Commerce,
urged all member firms to maintain
N. R. A. codes until guidance" comes
from Washington.
In Chicago the Board of the Na
tional Association nf Retail Druggists
adjourned yesterday without selecting
a plan to supplant the N. R. A., but
appealed to all State druggists’ asso
ciations to aid in stabilizing prices.
B. E. Henderson, president of the
Household Finance Corp., said in Chi
cago that invalidation of the N. R. A.
would havp no effect on the hours and
wages of employes of the concern, and
(Continued on Page 3, Column 3.)
French Trawler Has Not Been
Seen Since May 18.
ST. JOHN'S. Newfoundland. May
30 (JP).—Fears that the French trawler
Marechal de Luxembourg was lost
with a crew of sO increased today
with the arrival of the thawler Joseph
de Hamel, whose skipper reported the
craft had not been sighted since
May is.
On that date the Luxembourg sent
a message she was leaking and leaving
the Grand Banks for this port. The
French relief ship Ville Dys hurried
to her aid, but has not sighted her.
The stricken craft was built at St.
Milo in 1919 and is of 3R0 tons.
New Dental Chair Plays Music
Into Head Bones to Ease Pain
Associated Press Science Editor.
DETROIT. May 30.—A new dental
chair which play* music into the back
of a patient’* head while the drill
bores hi* tooth is being tested here.
The music, by traveling through the
bones, masks the grinding noise and
lessen's wincing and cringing. It is
done by a novel use of the latest bone
conduction instruments, developed
originally for the deaf.
Tipped back, the patient's head con
tacts two plafas fixed in the headrest.
They are the new sound bone con
duction plates and are attached to a
phonograph by wires leading into an
other room.
No sound is audible to the ears. But
when the head touches the plate* they
transmit the music clearly through the
Attempts to use music to ease dental
suffering are not new. But they have
been by way of the ears.
Sounds carried through the bones
seem to take precedence over those
entering the ears. For this reason the
bone-conducted music was tried—to
see whether It would be on a par with
the grinding, instead of secondary.
The bone music might even take
precedence over the drill noise because
of the brain’s well-know/i triCk of
preferring memory of pleasant, rather
than unpleasant, experiences. The
brain may also choose a pleasant,
rather than an unpleasant, sound,
when both arrive on a par.
Dr. Allison Haidle. who is experi
menting with the new chair, said it
appears to work beat on children.
Clay Weatherly Is Fourth
Victim—Gordon Escapes
in Another Spill.
SPEEDWAY. Indianapolis. May
10 i/Pi.—Clay Weatherly, Cincin
nati. was killed when his car
crashed over the northwest, wall
while competing in the 500-mile
automobile race at the Indianapolis
Motor Speedway. Weatherly’s me
chanic. Edwin Bradburn, Los An
geles. suffered a broken bark.
Weatherly w>as the fourth fatality
in this year's classic.
A1 Gordon and his mechanic.
Prank Howard escaped death a few
seconds after Weatherly was killed
when his car crashed on the same
turn. Gordon's car shot, to the top
of the track and hung there.
Bv lYtP Awociat^d
INDIANAPOLIS. May 30.—Thirty
three of the fastest rare drivers of
America took over the road of speed
Lined up in rows of three, eleven
deep, they awaited the green starting
flag at 10 o'clock to send them awav
In the twenty-third anual 500-mile
automobile race at the Indianapolis
Motor Speedway for the rich prise of
*100,000 to be awarded for their roar
ing efforts.
Ideal weather conditions prevailed
for the start of the race. The sun
shone brightly as the early crowds
streamed to the race course. The
Weather Bureau forecast showers for
late afternoon, but it seemed likely
the race would be completed under
fair skies.
Three former winners of America's
automobile classic were among the
starters. They were Wild Bill Cum
mings of Indianapolis, winner and
record holders for the 500 miles a year
ago: Lou Mever. Huntington Park,
Calif., who won the 1928 and 1933
races, and Fred Frame. Los Angeles,
who finished ahead of the field in
Seeking New Honors.
Behind these veterans who have
felt, the thrill of victory before were
ambitious youngsters making their
second, or third attempt, and new
comers with fresh laurels of dirt track
achievements, seeking their first bit
of fame and glory. The young driv
ers included Hex Mays, Los Angeles,
who acquired the pole position by
qualifying his car at 120.736 miles an
hour. A1 Gordon, also of Los Angeles,
another dirt track sensation, was at
his right, having earned the position
bv qualifying at 119.481. A third Los
• Continued on Page 7, Column 1.)
" ™ " ’ l
Author of "Life Begins at Forty’’
Says G. 0. P. May Use New
Volume in Campaign.
By the Associated Press.
Walter B. Pitkin, author of “Life Be
| gins at Forty," disclosed today he was
planning to write a book which “Re
publicans may use as ammunition for
the next presidential campaign."
“This new work I would like to call
! 'The Junk Man's Nightmare,’ but I
i don't believe Jiat would look good in
! print., so I'll entitle it ‘The New
; America.’
“I will serve merely as a reporter.
Rather than to criticize. I will enu
merate. I want the people to see
what the administration has done to
this country. I can’t put the book
in form until Congress adjourns—I
have a file long enough to choke a
No Late Editions
Because of the holiday
there will he no 5:30 or
Sports Final editions of
The Star today. Night
Final subscribers will re
ceive the Regular Edition
jm|>niin<lin<y of 4!ars
May Br Drfrrml l»y
^lirinr's (ionvpntion
Impounding of improperly
parked ears prohabl' will not be
started until .June IS, after the
Shrtne convention. Inspector B.
A. Lamb of the Traffic Bureau
said todav.
Pinal derision has not been
made and violators of parking
rules rant count on the delay,
he added, but the poliee probably
will be too busy with parade
crowds to start the program till
then. Lamb said
The program, a new move to
gain traffic rule obedience. W8S
to have been started tonight.
One of the two crane trucks
of the department, scheduled for
service in hauling cars to police
stations, it developed, is in a sad
state of repair, due to old age.
but Iamb said the program will
go on just the same.
Virginia Police Searching
for Manager of Estate
Near Petersburg.
The Federal Bureau of Investiga
tion joined with Virginia police today
in an investigation of the mysterious
disappearance of J. M. Ellison. 57
year-old manager of the historic Bran
don estate near Petersburg. Va.. who
left here Sunday to drive to Brandon.
Mrs. Arthur L. Willard, widow of
Rear Admiral Willard and a sister
of Ellison, sought aid of the Depart
ment of Justice In the fear that her
brother had been abducted or at
tacked bv a “hitch-hiker.” In such
an event, the department might have
jurisdiction under the Federal kid
naping law or the automobile theft
A possible clue to the mystery was
seen in the report from Radford. Va.,
that a man driving a oar believed
to be Ellison's escaped from police
Tuesday after failing to pay for gaso
line at a filling station there.
An Associated Press dispatch from
Radford said that Chief of Police C.
M. Howell reported he sought vainly
to halt the car when the filling sta
tion manager notified him of the
gasoline incident. Chief Howell said
he signaled the car to stop, but be
fore he could approach it the driver
turned the vehicle apd sped away in
another direction.
Yesterday, when Chief Hnw'ell re
ceived a ' lookout" for Ellison's auto
mobile. he learned that the tag num
bers of the fleeing machine cor
responded with those of Ellison's au
tomobile. viz., 53-47?. The car was
a Ford V-8.
Mrs. Willard said today her brother
left, here Sunday at 5:30 p.m. to re
turn to Brandon after a visit, to his
sister's apartment, at 21 ol Connecti
cut avenue. She said he carried only
a small amount of money.
about the junking of the N. R. A. was
responsible for a strike in the Flnkle
stein junk yard.
After the Supreme Court decision
Monday one of the Finklesteins jok
ingly told the 8 white men and 15
Negroes that if they wanted to come
back to work Tuesday it would be at
$1.25 a day instead of $2.20.
"The boys misunderstood. That's
all.” explained Sam Skalovskv. the
“All are back to work at the same
wages today.
Renders' Guide
Comics .B-17
Cross-word Puzzle.B-17
Editorials .A-8
Lost and Found.A-9
Paul Mallon.A-2
Radio .A-13
Serial Story.Jl-10
Service Orders.B-12
Short Story.B-16
Society .B-2-3-4
Sports .A-16-17
Vital Statistics .A-9
Washington Wayside.A-4
Women’s Features_B-15-16
Speaker at Arlington Rites
Sees Peril in “Radical
Reform" Policies.
Accepting the occasion as an op
portunity to appeal lor devotion to
the ideals of representative govern
ment as guaranteed by the Constitu
tion. Senator Dickinson. Republican,
of Iowa, in an address prepared for
delivery this afternoon at Memorial
day services in the amphitheater at
Arlington National Cemetery, warned
his listeners against government pol
icies which “seek to undermine the
foundation of our political and eco
nomic structure.”
"Any pffort to perfect radical re
forms always produces hesitation and
delay. Is it not time for the Ameri
can people to consider well their
course and to remember that there has
never been discovered a magic cure
for the ills of a depression?
Fears for nemoersrr.
"Heretofore, the reformers have con
tended that the capitalist wanted a
centralized control of government
affairs. Today it is plainly evident
that the socialistic group is advocat
ing national planning and centralized
control. It is on account of such a
program that there is fear of the
abandonment of democracy and the
lodging of control in a small group.
"This control is not for the protec
tion of capital. In national planning
the government is to have control of
the individual, his habits, his business,
his planting, his harvest, his actions
his speech. National planning, in
every nation where tried, has always
resulted in a loss of freedom, a curtail
ment of rights, not only for the few.
but for the entire population. Wherever
this has been tried, it has always
been accompanied by confusion and
"Our rightful liberties should not be
surrendered. Regimentation should not
deprive us of our individual freedom.
Paternalism may enrich a few beggars
but usually does so by beggaring
millions of honest men and women.
Wreaths Placed on Tomb.
“Our hope is still in the funda
mental principle provided in the Con
stitution for checks and balances in
governmental affairs—when the legis
lative branch may be checked by the
executive; when both the legislative
and the executive branches may be
directed by a decision of the judiciary.
In this program of checks and bal
ances we find an abiding faith.
(Continued on Page 2, Column 4.)
Fire Traps Men on Derrick in
Michigan Field—One of In
jured Believed Dying.
Bt th# Associated Press.
30.—Two men died early today and
another was believpd to be dying from
injuries suffered in a gas well fire
whirh trapped nine men working on
a derrick in the rich Central Michigan
oil field last night.
The dead: William A. Williamson,
55. a driller frpm Sisteraville, W. Va,;
Milton Santee, about 40, of Cameron.
W. Va.
Both died in a Mount Pleasant hos
pital. ,
Physicians at Northway Hospital
said C. P. Trowbridge. 40. of Logan,
Ohio, had slight chance of recovery.
He was burned internally when he
inhaled flames.
The others are expected to recover.
Last Minutes Before Appeal
Devoted to Beating Down
International Stabilization Talks
Are Believed Imminent
by French.
Bs 'he Associated Press.
PARIS. May 30.—Premier Pierre
Etienne Flandin staked the life of his
cabinet today on the hope his personal
appeal would wring from a recalci
trant Chamber of Deputies the sweep
ing powers he has demanded to com
bat devaluation.
Before taking the floor to argue for
his program the premier drvo'ed him
self to last-minute efforts to beat
down opposition.
He warned those who would with
hold the dictatorial authority he seeks
that no time is to hr lost in aiding
business recovery and balancing the
budget if the franc is to be defended.
Chamber HoMilitv Obstacle.
The hostility of the Chamber of
Deputies' Finance Committee present
ed a formidable obstacle for Flandin.
The committee voted. 25 to 15. yester
day against the government bill,
which would enable the premier to
• wage his battle for the franc through
measures promulgated bv decree.
There were indications that political
opposition may have been partly re
sponsible for the committee's action,
since the members voted unanimously
for defense of the franc and demand
ed prosecution of speculators in the
nation's currency.
Members said the committee re
frained from taking an outright vote
on the devaluation issue only because
it desired to avoid hindering interna
tional stabilization negotiations, which
the French believed to be imminent.
Swift Action Held Needed
| Flandin had a powerful ally in for
mer Premier Edouard Herriot. leader
o( the dominant Radical Socialist ele
ment in the Chamber. Although a
majority of his followers are hostile to
the Flandin program, Herriot was in
sisting that the heavy drain on the
gold reserve of the Bank of France
made swift action imperative.
He contended it would be impossible
to wait for Parliament to enact suit
able economic and financial measures
to stave off the threat to the franc.
Herriot urged granting thp full pow
ers Flandin asks to avoid "catas
trophic effects."
If the Flandin government should
fall, he said, he would not want to
i " take power." Some politicians inter
preted this declaration as a warning
to Herriot's followers that he would
refuse to participate in anv subsequent
cabinet in the event the Flandin gov
ernment is defeated on the pending
Tmnhln Discussed Here.
Bv the Associsiert Pr*ss.
Financial troubles in France were
' the subject of a White House confer
ence yesterday that hinted of planning
bv this Government for any action
demanded by developments abroad.
President Roosevelt talked with
George L. Harrison, governor of the
New York Federal Reserve Bank,
which is the Treasury's fiscal agent in
international transactions Mr. Roosp
velt would only say it was about the
French situation.
Harrison then visited the Treasury
! ?nd conferred with Undersecretary
Coolidge. Later he went to Reserve
Board headquarters.
In official quarters there was in
tense interest in the huge outward
Row of gold from France and Premier
j Pierre-Etienne Flandins fight for
dictatorial powers to defend the franc.
The Bank of France's gold losses
were averaging $65,000,000 a day and
had mounted to almost $716,000,000
since late March. The huge steam
snip Normandie, on her maiden voyage,
yesterday carried *29,700,000 in gold
toward this country.
1 BERLIN. May 30 (jp).—Rumors that
devaluation of the mark was being con
sidered circulated in Berlin last night
but government officials denied any
such step was contemplated.
Financial quarters said they were in
clined to accept the official contention
that Germany could not solve her
difficulties by further paring the value
of her currency.
OTTAWA. May 30 (/P).—Power to
revalue the Dominion's gold reserves
will be sought in a permissive bill
which he intends to present to Parlia
ment before prorogation. Prime Min
ister R. B. Bennett told the House
of Commons yesterday.
The measure will come into force
i only or proclamation. Mr. Bennett
i declared, if it is thought desirable to
revalue gold, which he had no present
intention of doing.
Books Ordered by Jefferson
For Virginia Library Found
By t,h« Pr»«*.
—Rooting around In the dome of the
rotunda, student F. E. R. A. workers
have uncovered 150 old text and ref
erence books which are all that re
main of the 8.000 volumes ordered by
Thomas Jefferson in 1825 for the Uni
versity of Virginia’s first library.
Most of the books of the original li
brary w'ere destroyed in the fire of
1895. Those which have been found
in the clutter of the dome and re
placed on the library’s shelves are
among those which were carried to
the windows of the burning building
by students and in the skirts of wives
i of the faculty and thrown out on ‘ the
lawn “
I Around 1125 Jeflacm sent anents
abroad to make purchase? in England,
Prance and Germany. He directed
that the books must be of serious na
ture and the most authoritative in
history, mathematics, philosophy and
other fields. He ordered that those
designed for amusement only be elim
inated and that the religious books
admitted to “so free of controversial
taint that persons of every aect can
read them with approval."
Altogther, the representative? of the
university bought approximately 8,000
volumes abroad and shipped them
back for Jefferson's critical approval.
The final assortment arrived shortly
after his death jn 1828, and were sub
seouently placed in the rotunda un
der the care of William Werten baker,
the first librarian.
Theory Strengthened by
Relaxation of Tension
Among Authorities.
$200,000 RANSOM SUM
High Police Official Advances
Idea Abductor* and Boy
Are in Tacoma.
By t)ip Associated Prea*.
TACOMA, Wash., May 30 —Reports
the kidnapers of George Weyerhaeuser
nad been contarted and *200,000 ran
som was in a secret hiding place
awaiting delivery led to a belief today
the 9-year-old lumber heir would be
released today or tomorrow.
Noticeable relaxation of tension
among authorities and a report two
contact men had been named by th»
family lent strength to the theory the
boy was safe and soon would be re
turned to his distracted parent'.
A friend of the Weyerhaeuser family
said the ransom—a 50-pound stack of
20.000 Federal Reserve notes in $5, SIC
and *20 denominations—lay in a secret
hiding place ready for the “pay-off.'
He said the money was finally accu
mulated late yesterday shortly before
rhe original deadline set for the ran
som payment.
Contact Story Persists.
Another reliable source told of the
appointment of the go-betweens, botr
friends of the family. The story the
kidnapers had been contacted wa'
not authenticated, but it was per
Also addin? to the belief he would
be quickly returned, was the state
ment of a high ranking Tacoma police
officer who expressed the belief today
the curly-haired boy had been
snatched by "local talents" and was
still in the city.
"The kidnapers are in some house
or apartment where they have been
living two or three months.” said the
official who asked that his identity
not be revealed. "They are local
talent, or at least local talent with
some Eastern promoter egging them on
"If they're smart, and they must
be partly smart, anyway, they
wouldn’t go far with such a widely
publicised rhild on their hands. And
thev wouldn't try to 'hole up’ out
in the woods or where farmers would
quickly note the arrival of strangers
and would talk.
Kidnaper in Tacoma.
• Those kidnapers and that boy are
right here in Tacoma."
Simultaneously sn Insurance execu
; five, who would not be quoted by
name, said Georges grandfather. J
P. Weyerhaeuser, sr.. who died Mas
Ifi, eight days before George was
stolen, parried between *100.000 and
*200.000 life insurance.
It was suggested the abduction was
plotted after the elder Weyerhaeuser i
death, and the kidnapers banked on
quirk payment of the insurance so
! that a large amount of cash would be
readily available *o meet their de
mands. The amount of his insurance
previously bad been placed much
highpr in less reliable estimates.
Rumor is Discredited.
A discredited mm or was circulated
that the boy already had been safely
returned to his parents.
The rumor was belied by the un
usual activity last, night, and early
today of the entire Weyerhaeuser
i The parents were believed to have
i slipped out of their darkened mansion
, to reioin their three other children—
Ann. 13: Philip. 10. and Elizabeth.
2—in the seclusion of a relative's
home on Gravelly Lake, w'here they
had been moved from their grand
mother's home.
Weyerhaeuser's brother-in-law. F.
Rodman Titcomb, named by a family
friend as one of the two men who
probably will be intermediaries with
the kidnapers, rame out of the house
with a man and woman who could
not. he definitely identified in the
Elude Newspaper Men.
Ti'comb entered his ow-n car and
j drove home The couple, in the large
Weyerhaeuser sedan, eluded news
paper men and disapparead in the
direction of American Lake, exclusive
Summer home colony site.
This reported departure of the
Weyerhaeusers for the country fol
lowed a night series of automobile
rides to and from relatives' homes
which began long before the dead
line set for the payment of the
ransom—6:30 o'clock last night.
Sources close to the Weyerhaeusers
said two new contact men were named
after failure to complete negotiations
j on rime. The informant said the
I boy's father would not be present at
! the meeting with the kidnapers The
! new contact men were believed to be
j Titcomb and Charles Ingram, assistant
general manager of the Weyerhaeuser
| Timber Co
Family Maintain* Secrecy.
How or when they would contact
the kidnapers was a family secret.
Secrecy was one of the prerequisites
laid down by "Egoist Egoist” in the
ransom note last Friday for the safe
return of the curly-headed youngster.
The note warned the parents "harm'*
would come to the boy if police or
the newspapers were informed, or if
the money was not paid on time,
j Police were called in Friday after
noon before delivery of the ransom
1 note. The family has never discussed
the case with newspaper men. and they
, obviously tried to pay the *200,000
t demanded.
Yet in each of the three instances
the demands of the kidnapers were
And repeated analyses of the ran
som letter have brought the conclu
sion the persons who wrote or dictated
it. would become a ruthless killer if
thwarted or cornered.
Dr. A. C. Stewart, Tacoma psychia
trist, expressed the opinion the letter
was written by "at least three profes
sional kidnapers" of low-grade men
tality who would not hestitate to carry
out their threats.
"The text reads as if one person sat
! at. a typewriter and several oth*ra
1 (Continued on Page 3,'OoTumn 4.)'

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