Business Now Can Move
RV DAVID J.AWRENCH.
Business throughout the rountrv
Is responding with vigor to the, im
petus given by the Supreme Court *
definition of constitutional Govern
While here and there are disappoint
ments over the possible removal of
privileges and benefits of an artificial
character, mostly in the realm of
price fixing, the general reaction of
American business institutions is one
of relief that the legal fetters of con
trolled economy have been removed
and that competition for price and
volume can be resumed.
The consumer ought to be happy,
for prices are no longer to be pegged
by political influence nor are virtual
monopolies to be legalized. Here
after ihe low-cost producer will com
pete for volume of sales.
lalxtr I* Reassured.
As for labor problems, it has he
roine the basic principle of successful
industry that wages should not be
the ground for competitive warfare
and thar purchasing power ran he
retained only bv the higher measure
One thing the N, R. A. did do—if
organized American industry and It
organized American labor. Industrial
executives know now that by con
certed action they can maintain
social gains voluntarily, but that an
anti-trust prosecution hangs over
their beads if they attempt to use their,
•concerted activities to exploit the
puhlic eiiher as io prices or wage
American labor has not lost its
right to strike—an economic weapon
which will be strengthened” if in
dustry should attempt any genera!
reduction of wages or upsetting of
standards in working conditions.
“Chiseling” Mailer of Fart,
The re. nf course, always will be
“chiselers." The question of what is
a rhiseler” is a ma'ter of fact and
not mere accusation. Many a business
man who faces bankruptcy will cut
wages to stay in the race and thus
afford emplovmem. It is when busi
nesses that are operaieri at a good
profit start rutting wages that strikes
Rut since the Supreme Court de
cisions business leaders have been
discussing ways and means of main
taining social gains and not destroy
To know the rules, to know that no
competitor may unfairly or through
political pull gain a special privilege,
is to put t, solid foundation beneath
the whole economic structure.
long-term financing can now be
done Commitments can now be
made. The rules to he followed are
those in a written Constitution. Arti
ficiality has been dealt a solar plexus.
Prom now on recovery by natural
means is not only possible, but will
afford a release to the pent-up ener
gies of American trade and commerce.
Credit to Function Again.
Today business breathes the fresh
air of healthy competition. The need
of the hour is increased volume of
wholesale and refail trade, increased
production and increased consump
tion, ail of which will come as the
velocity of transactions increases as
credit is made to function again.
For a few weeks there may be some
confusion pending readjustment to the
new circumstances, but, on the whole,
business will move forward in the di
rection of a steady and substantial
• Oopvrieht Ifttfi >
SIX CRIPPLES PICKET
PUBLIC WELFARE OFFICE
Declare They Will Stay Without
Food Until Officials Grant
P* *h* Associated Press.
NEW YORK. May 30.—Six adults
crippled by infantile paralysis—three
of them women—picketed the office
of ihe Public Wdfare Administration
lodav in w-hat they announced was a
The delegarion. members of the
League for the Unemployed Physically
Handicapped, slept last night on desk
iops and office chairs.
They said they would stay in the
office without food until granted an
interview by Oswald W. Knauth. head
of the administration, nr Dr. John
Ciambf. chief examiner of the Depart
ment nf Public Welfare. They are
demanding employment, and not
Ay Mr NATIONAL SAffTY COUNCIL
Beck in the gay nineties when the
greet mind reader came to town his
most pnoular hallvhoo stunt was to
drive—while blindfolded—a team of
galloping horses down Main street.
There are motor drivers who seem
to be trying to do about the same
thing lodey. They don't drive horses,
of course, and they don't wear blind
folds. But they do let snow. Ice and
heavy rains accumulate on their
windshields and blur their vision. In
which case they must, simply trust to
The importance of the windshield
wiper is quite generally under-esti
mated Even when it’s in good work
ing order, snow nr tee often accumu
late faster than It can be carried otf
In which case there is only one safe
procedure. Stop the car and clean
the windshield as often as is neces
A piece of celluloid pasted on the ,
windshield will prevent freezing and !
sid clear vision in Winter.
When the. windshield wiper is
needed, it usually is needed badly. ,
Bee that It is kepi, in working order
all the time.
N. R. A' Decision Re
straints Rub Salt in
Wound of New Deal.
BY PAW, MAI.I.ON.
A LOBBYIST wired hi* manu
facturing client, after the N.
R. A. decision: "New Deal
dead. Go ahead."
This slightly exaggerated
Aral-hand opinion was not confined
to the public statements you have
been seeing. It was shared privately
by the foremast New Dealers. They
were not only dismayed but thoiiRht
all was last. Cenfusion was more
widespread among them than at any
time since the bank holiday.
What hurt most no* not the.
particular legal restraints imposed
on them hti the court. You can
get a hundred various interpreta
tions as to precisely v hat these will
turn out to he. Every lawyer has
a different tt^eo. and there are at
least 500 lawyers in the New Deal.
The real core of their sour apple
was the fact that the court decided
the national emergency was over. It*
decision did not say this specifically,
but. every one knew it was the basis
of the court reasoning. The fact was
particularly well known to congres
sional oppositionists, who have been
somewhat under the thumb of New
Dealers because of emergency condi
tions. It was also evident to business
attorneys who foresaw the possibility
of suits aRBinst every phase of New
Consequently, no matter what the
decision means in law. it means to
political insiders that the diminishing
psychological advantage of emergency
prestige enjoyed by the New Dealers
will no longer be effective.
Thai much of the New Deal is dead,
no mailer what evolves from the
reformation after the court decision.
Richberg Gels Blame.
Most of the Roosevelt associates are
inclined to hlame it all on Donald
Richberg. An influential young lib
eral lawyer in the New Deal was going
around town afterward, calling Mr
Richberg several things which will not
be found in law books.
It is true that many New Deal
lawyers originally questioned Rich
bergs selection of the poultry case as
a test. Some wanted to try the
Belcher lumber case instead. The
smartest ones wanted to avoid any
lest case at all as long as possible.
Shrewd Felix Frankfurter is said to be
one of these.
The secret nt why Rich berg
chose the poultry case was that he
discovered the Supreme Court al
ready had ruled that the poultry
business was in interstate com
merce. He was not prepared tor
the dtsUnction drawn by the de
cision; nomely. that, after poultry
arrives in a city, it ceases to he
directly in interstate commerce.
The trutn. of course. Is that the
“weeping nature of the decision shows
the Government would have lost, no
matter what N. R. A. case it presented
to the court.
There is an okl story about an
eminent jurist, sitting on ft river bank
beside his rowboat. A traveler rame
up and asked if he might borrow the
boat to cross the creek. The jurist
replied in strictly legal fashion: “Yes.
you may. It belongs to me and 1
give you permission to use it.”
The traveler started rowing for the
opposite shore, but. on the wav water
gushed into the boat, from a hole in
the bottom. In the middle of the
creek it sank, drowning its occupant.
An observer rebuked the jurist
tor not learning the stranger o/
the leaky boat. The jurist replied:
"The matter of the condition
of the boot did not come before
Those telling this story point to
the paragraph in the decision in
which the court, stated It. was not it.*
province to consider the economic
advantages of the N. R. A. so long
as the Constitution did nor provide
On only one point were the New
Dealers In agreement after the de
cision—i.e.. their personal bitterness
against the court. If their opinions
had been expressed in public a few
cf them might have gone to jail for
contempt, but they would have gone
Only the fact that the decision was
unanimous prevented an immediate
indignation movement among the lib
erals. A sample of their viewpoint is
contained in the private observations
of one of the most astute among them:
“Look at the history of the court
and see what it has saved vs from,
what liberties it has preserved.
“It. saved ns from limiting the
slave trade, from stopping child
labor, from the income tax, from
minimum wage legislation, the first
workmen's compensation act for
railtvay employes, the railway pen
sion system and notv—the N. R. A."
Room Talk Rises.
There has been some talk about a
boom coming out of the N. R. A.
decision. A good many people have
an idea that if business gets the
norion that the lid is oft and that it
can curtail wages and increase work
ing hours, thus reducing the cost of
production, it, may go into production
on a grand scale.
In this connection a delegation of
laborites had an appointment with
Labor Department officials to discuss
a collective bargaining dispute the day
after the decision. One official (As
sistant Secretary MeGrady) stepped
out to meet them and said: "There ja
nothing I ran do for you fellows today.
We have no law any more: my hands
A labor!te In the back of the crowd
"Well, there's another way—we still
have the picket line.”
Buildings to Be Rebuilt.
Nearly all the *33 buildings de
stroyed hv *he earlhouake In Managua
are expected to be replaced this year.
Conservatives Rebel at Al
leged Neglect by
Bt th# Associated Pres*.
Some of the Roosevelt administra
tion's more conservative leaders on
Capitol Hill expressed resentment, to
day over the influence wielded by men
they call “brain trusters.”
Talking privately, because they
feared the political consequences of
an intra-party argument, they also
expressed regret that they have not
been invited to While House confer
ences over what to do about N. R. A.
And, to quote one of them, they are
considering a formal. Insistent re
quest that the While House let them
know what, is in be done before the
public is informed.
To that, some of the more friendly
replied Ihat the President always con
sulted congressional leaders in the
end, and would do so again this time.
Failure* Blamed on "Trual.”
That reply, however, did not end
the discussion. Some leaders said all
the administration measures so far
held unconstitutional had been draft
ed bv "brain trusters” and put
through Congress without substantial
One of them expressed It this way;
“When President Roosevelt went
into office, there was an emergency,
and we had to do virtually whai lie
asked without question. We did. And
who too* the blame? Noi dtoo.seveIt.
Not the brain trusters who wrote the
bills. The fellows w ho voted (or them
It s time somebody found out that
it isn t only the boys who graduated
fiom Felix Frankfurter’s law school
who have legal knowledge Im a
lawyer, but I don't claim to he a good
one Bui 1 can point out SO members
of this House who know more about
what is constitutional based on vears
of experience in the active practice of
law—than the brain trusters evei will
Rii hbrrf Criticized.
A third Democratic chiel mentioned
Donald R Richberg. N. R, A. chief;
Thomas G Corcoran of the Rectn
suuction Finance Corp.. and Ben
iamin Cohen of ihe Public Works Ad
"They were taught." he said. "not
that the Constitution meant thus and
so, but that it should mean this and
that I'll bet they studied minority
opinions in school and agreed they
wpre better than the majority opinions.
They act that wav now.”
Similar criticism was expressed pub
licly yesterday by Representative
Kennedy, Democrat, of New York, who
referred to some presidential advisers
as "Constitution twisters." He called
on President Roosevelt as a "quarter
back” to remove "the alleged legal
wizards from his foot bail team
Donald R. Richberg has been
thrown for losses and Attorney Gen
eral Cummings has been running the
wrong way with the ball because the
Frankfurter boys’ dizzy signals on ihe
Constitutional goal confused him,"
Suspect Denies He Is Tiust Offi
cial Who Disappeared in
Chicago in 1921.
Bv the A*confit»<1 Prp«<«
NEW ORLEANS. Mar 20. - A man
described by police as parliallv fitting
the description of Warren C. Spurgin,
who disappeared from Chicago in 1921
after allegedly pmbezzling Si.0P0.00n
from a trust company, was held in jail
The suspect, who said he «■«< a
securities salesman, denied he was
Spurgin. Police said he fitted Spur
gin's .description in some respects and
not in others.
Photographs of the man were sent
to Chicago and bank officials there
were reported en route here to inter
Spurgin, records showed was 45
veers old wnen, as an executive of
the Michigan Trust Co., he disap
The suspect, who was booked as a
fugitive from justice, said he had a
wife and child living in Indianapolis.
PERSONAL PROPERTY TAX
INCOME MAY BE HIGHER
Compulsory Filings Credited With
Probable Gains in Total
The prediction that personal prop
erty tax receipts in the District for
this year will exceed the total for
last year, as a result of a drive to
compel the filing of tax returns, was
made by Charles A. Russell, deputy
assessor of raxes.
To date, the District has collected
in personal property, taxes, *1,841.
408.50. During the past year the
amount was *1,852,169.93. Russell
stated the drive would be continued
for several months and he felt sure
this year’s levy would be greater than
last year as more of the delinquent
taxpayer* were brought into line by
operation of the law.
The District has filed mandamus
proceedings in 200 cases to date and
District officials are at work on 1,000
more at this time, Russell said.
in Brief I
By rhe Associated press.
Senate resumes debate on nubile
utility holding company bill.
Commerce Committee meets on river
Military Affairs Committee, regular
Banking subcommittee, hearings on
Judiciary Subcommittee of IX«triet
Committee meets at .10 a.ro to con
sider miscellaneous bills.
T. VI LEGISLATION
President Reported Willing
to See Reduction in
Scope of Bill.
Br i h* AaM>ciat*<1 Pr*s«.
Pending legislation to broaden the
scope o( the Tennessee Valiev Au
thority appeared destined today to
be trimmed materially by the House
In reliable quarters It was said
President Roosevelt had expressed
willingness for the bill to be rhanged
sufficiently to win approval of the
committee and the House. The
measure has been frozen in the com
mittee since It was tabled there by a
13-to-I'J vote last week.
McSwaln Sees President.
Main objectives sought by the ad
ministration rnuld be maintained
when House and Senate conferees
seek, to reconcile differences over the
bill, an Informed source contended.
Chairman McSwaln of ihe House
Committee went with others Inter
ested to the legislation to see the
“The T. V. A. has gone far beyond
the fondesi dreams of Congress and
this committee.'’ Mc3waln remarked
afterward. “They nave operated in
excess of the language and Intent of
Congress along tines which Congress
would not have had 'he constitutional
authority to approve. '
Original Art Held Valid.
He contended the iriginal T. V. A.
act whs constitutional, but that 11
did not authorise .he authority to
undertake reforestation of farmers’
lands, improvement of tattle breeds,
rtglonal mosquito control programs
and the buying and selling of power
McSwain expressed doubt also as to
the constitutionality of a section of
the T. V. A. expansion bill, alreadv
passed bv the Senate, which would
authorise T V A. >o acquire private
power generating and transmission
systems and sell them to com
Change* which mav be marie in the
legislation when McSwain's commit
tee meets next Tuesday were not dis
IN MEMORIAL TALK
<Continued From First Page i
Through It, representative government
will be preserved."
Before the service in the Amphi
theater wreaths were placed upon the
Tomb of the Unknown Soldier by the
various organisations eo-operaiing in
the service, .lamps G. Yaclen. presi
dent nf the Memorial Day Corp., which
sponsored the services, presided.
The parade scheduled at 10 o'clock
and to be reviewed hy President Roose
vplt was canceled because of rain.
Homage Paid lo Costello.
At the grave of Vincent B. Costello,
first District Government employe to
be killed in action in the World War.
members of Costello Post. American
legion, paid homage to his memory.
Post members gathered at the east
gate of Arlington Cemetery and
marched in column formation to the
grave. Wreaths were laid by John H.
O'Connell, post commander, and Miss
Irene Sheehan, auxiliary president.
After a bripf address by Department
Comdr. James O'Connor Roberts, Rep
resentative Kopplemann. Democrat, of
Connecticut, delivered the principal
"War at best does not help civiliza
tion,” Kopplemann said after paying
tribute to Costellos memory. “Every
war sets us back for generations. It.*
toll is inestimable. Money which is
spent in building munitions machtnerv
to slaughter the people of other na
tions is money ill spent. Money which
is spent to build ships to wage battles
on sea rould better be used to foster
the commercial and the cultural growth
of our people. Money spent to teach
the youth of our land to kill the youth
of other lands is money squandered in
maimalning anti promoting a bar
barism which should long long ago
have been relegated to the dusty pages
of our earliest history.**
• Workers for Peace Honored.
Those who have given >he:r lives
in the interests of peace rather than
war were honored si services ai the
Titanic Memorial on Potomac Park
Elwood Street, director of public
welfare, presided over the ceremony
, w'hlle speakers included Miss Kath
erine P. Lenroot, chief of the Chil
drens Bureau m the Department of
Ijibor. Representative Isabella Green
wav, Democrat, of Arizona and rep
resentatives of tiie Police and Fire
Homage was paid to such ot-rson
ages as Susan B Anthony. Clara
Barton. Adelaide Nutting and Jane
Addams in the address by Miss Len
Fire Department members who have
died during the past vear included
P. J. Sullivan, M. W. Thsver. G. L.
McConnell, F. E. Updegrove and J.
F. Phtpps, in addition to pensioners,
W. B Handy. P. B. O’Connor, Archi
bald Nelson, A. L. Grim, Horace Gas
kins. J. E. Hooper, A J. 3j|livan.
L. F Wagner, Henry Lambert and
H W Fletcher.
The roll of honor for the Police
Department durng the past 12
months includes V/i'liam M. Arirain.
Edward T. Harney. Cerioll N. House,
Charles H. Schrever. Raymond V.
Sinclair and Carlton Talley.
V. F. W. Ship Hold* Service.
At Ha ins Point, members of Admiral
Robert E. Peary Ship, V. F. W„ hon
ored those who have gone ‘down to
the sea in ships." P. V. Templeton,
past captain of the ship, presided
rnd Capt. Sydney K. Evans, Chaplain
Corps, U. S. N., pronounced the in»
vocation and benediction. Represent
ative McFarlane, Democrat, of Texas,
was the guest speaker. An anchor of
poppies was cast into the Potomac.
At the Arlington Water Gate in
Potomac Park, Branch 4 of the Fleet
Reserve Association held service* in
honor of shipmates who have died
during the past year. A floral anchor
was cast adrift in thp Potomac from
the quarter-deck of the U. S. S. Con
Earlier this morning, representa
tives of rheLido Civic Club lay a
wreath on the Tomb of the Unknown
Soldier as tribute in the name of
Italo-American*. Joseph M. Bonuso.
president of the club. Dr. Joseph
De Mino and Ralph Cipriano per
formed this ceremony.
On behalf of the French colony,
Lieut. Col. Emmanuel Lombard, mili
tary attache to the French Embassy,
placed a wreath on the tomb.
Reich Farmers Aided.
German* ha* relieved It* farmer*
until the end of the year from com
pulsory deliveries of wheat and rye.
Out of Cradle and Into Army
•"I he Sons of the Wolf." the youngest branch of the Fascist!, whose ages range from 6 to 8. They are be
ing drilled by one of their officers for their first public appearance and march through Rome
—Wide World Photo.
Jersey Court Holds Fraud
Affidavits Had Been "in
No Wise Denied.’’
Rt t h# An or.in '**<1 Pr#"NR,
TRENTON. Mav 30— New Jersey's
Chancery Court takes the'position
Ednarf! J Reilly probably" owes
Bruno Richard Hauptmann *5,000.
The court, rather than recognize
the Brooklyn attorney's claim for
$22.3ftR for legal services at the Lind
bergh baby slaying trial, declared
there were oflidavits "in no wise
denied " charging that Reilly, "bv
fraudulent and inequitable, means."
obtained about *5.000 ftom Mrs
Hauptmann, wife of the convicted
Receiver Is Refused.
Vice Chancellor Malcolm G Buch
anan. dismissing Reilly's application
for a receiver for the defense fund
The probability seems lo be. there
fore. that the complainant <Reillv>
instead of having any interest in
the trust fund, is himself indebted
to it in some *5.000.
"There are several affidavits to the
effect Thai complainant, bv fraudu
lent and inequitable means, obtained
some $5,000 for hi' past services and
disbursements from Mrs. Hauptmann
out of the funds received bv her as
contributions lor the purposes of
Affidavit* Not Denied.
“These offidavit* are in no wise
denied by complainant * *
•Judge Fdereick A. Pope, of the
Haupimann defense, staff, had argued
that the defense fund was being ac
cumulated to defray appeal costs and
not to pav counsels' fees and expenses
at the trial.
Mrs. Hauptmann dismissed Reillv
soon after he submitted a $25,000
bill for services at the trial.
NEW RIET DEVEUJPS.
Hauptmann's Sister Insist* Her At
torney Aid Defense.
NEW YORK. May 30 f4>t._Another
sharp rift developed last night in the
Bruno Richard Haupimann defense,
with Mrs. Emma Oloeckner of Los
Angeles, sister of the condemned man
insisting her attorney, Vincent A.
Marco of Hollywood, would participate
in the appeal proceedings despite con
trary assertions by Hauptmann's New
“Mr. Marco certainly is going to
have something lo do with it.” said
Mrs. Gloeckner, who visited the con
demned slayer of the Lindbergh baby
in the death house at Trenton on
"Hauptmann is my brother. No
matter what any one says, we are
really interested in that appeal.”
C. Lloyd Fisher, who heads the
Hauptmann defense, said in Tremon
yesterday that Marco, who has
promised “sensational” disclosures in
the case, “is not going to be associated
with defense counsel in any shape
IN SPITE OF HOLIDAY
Occupied With Routine Work as
Well as Giving: Attention
to N. R. A.
Today was a holiday for almost
every one in the Government except
President Roosevelt, who announced
early in the morning he expected to
be busily engaged at his desk.
The President had intended to take
time off from his work during the
afternoon to review the Memorial day
parade, but continued working after
the procession was called off on ac
count of rain.
Besides working on the N R. A
problem. Mr. Roosevelt is giving his
Attention to the accumulation of rou
tine papers which have piled up on
his desk during the confusion of the
past two days. Before night he hopes
to have disposed of this task and to (
then resume his study of the N. R. A.
LONG RADIO ANNOUNCER
Louisianan Pauses in Address to
Advertise Shoe Store. i
NEW ORLEANS. May 30 ^.—Sen
ator Huey P. Long, last night tern- :
porarily turned commercial radio an
He paused during a lengthy political
address over radio to make a publicity
talk for a shoe store which he said j
had •graciously given” him its time
on the radio.
“He's a doggone good fellow." Long
said, referring to the shoe store pro
prietor. "There's a sale going on there
now. Jt’s a coni, comfortable, pleasant
place to shop.”
W II.I.IAM J. HIC.C.INS,
-—Star Staff Photo.
REED MAKES PEEA
Georgetown Memorial Day
Speaker Warns Against
Speaking at Memorial day exercises
at, the Georgetown University School
of law, Stanley Reed, solicitor gen
eral of (he United States, warned
today that misplaced claims to in
dividual liberty may result in dangers
to American institutions.
liberty todav. he declared, differs
from the liberty whieh the American
forefathers sought in seeking freedom
We treasure them as achievements
of the past and give little though'
to the cost.” the solicitor general
"Todav liberty connotes the free
dom of the press and freedom of
ideas, the academic freedom of the
university, the civil and political
lights which belong in every citizen.
Pars Tribute in Student*.
"But 'here is danger today that we
mav tail to recognise that claims to
individual liberty mav in reality be
claims to domination over others and
that, the ideal of liberty will be mis
used by those who seek to take ad
vantage of their fellows under its
Paying tribute to the 29 students
of 'he law school who sacrificed their
lives during the World War. Peed de
clared that, "patriotic devotion to the
needs of the Nation" is needed today
in greater measure than ever before.
It is to be the task of the next
generation to conquer the maladjust
ments of today that this Nation of
ours mav continue as the abiding
place of liberty.”
W. I_ Mnrraw Preside*.
William Ij. Morrow, president of the
evening section of the senior law
tlass. presided a» the exercises at
which a wreath was placed on the
tablet in the law librarv which bears
the names of the school's war dean.
Capt. W. D. Puleston. U. S. N.
director of naval intelligence, and
Dean George E. Hamilton were other
peakers. Two seniors. George P
Lamb and William H. Soisson. spoke
(•n b»half of ihe class.
In the absence of Rev. Pranci* K
I.nrey, S J.p regent, of the school.
railed away by Ihe death of his
mother. Dr. Edmund A. Walsh, S. J..
gave the invocation. A guard of
former service students, headed by
Maj. O. A. Saunders, U. S. A, a
senioi, took parr, in the exercises.
IN ANN HARDING’S FIGHT
Actress Maintains Nevada Court
Should Prevail In Suit Over
By rh« AMOciated Pr^nx.
I,OS ANGELES. Mar SO—The .
oueation of whether California nr
Nevada rightfully has Jurisdiction in
the custody of 7-veai-old Jane Ban
nister daughter of Ann Harding,
screen actress, and her divorced hus
band, Harry C. Bannister, was ar
gued yesterday before Superior Judge
Edward T. Bishop.
Attorneys for .diss Harding asked
that Bannister'3 Detitkm for an in
junction restraining her from taking
the child from the State pending trial
of his suit for custody be dismissed.
Allen W. Ashburn. hei counsel con
tended the question of custody was
settled by the Nevada courts when
she obtained her divorce, thei*, and
that the California courts are bound
to respect the Nevada decision
Judge Bishop <«>lt the ease under
Chairman Will Lead "Mass"
Formation to Capitol
Marching in ‘mass” formation, a
contingent of the 1935 bonus arm
mustering a strength of three rr°n
tomorrow morning will march on the
Capitol to express their appreciation
'o Representative Patman. Democrat,
of Texas for his efforts in the cause
of rash payment of the adjusted com
led bv William J. Higgins, chair
man of rhe American Expeditionarv
Forces Resolutions Committee, the
“army” is composed of J. P. Kernpy
and H R. Sine, all of Cleveland. Ohio.
These three arrived in Washington al
3 a m. this morning and staked their
camp on the Constlttuion avenue side
of the Smithsonian Institution. When
thev left, Cleveland, Higgins said, the
army” had eight members, but five
of them were lost in the rush to reach
Washington on Memorial day.
Higgins expects se\ eral other former
service buddies to join him in Wash
Higgins claims that his is the first
legitimate bonus army to come here
under an organized body. The mem
bership in the Resolutions Committee
w 30 cents, "but even this does not
have to be paid,” according to Higgins.
After calling upon Representative
Patman tomorrow morning. the
army" will return to its encampment
on the Smithsonian grounds to await
the arrival of other members. A stake
with a white card bearing the legend
ihat here is rhe camp of ihe Expedi
tionary Forces Resolutions Commit
tee Bonus Army from Cleveland. Ohio,
marks the site of the camp. Higgins
said he did not get permission to use
the grounds, but that he felt confident
that the police would not oust them.
LEOPOLD SENDS U. S.
Belgium Spread* Flowers on
American Graves Honoring
An exchange of courtesies between
President Roosevelt and King Leopold
of Belgium made of Memorial day an
Honoring those American soldiers
who gave Their lives to Belgium during
the World War. King Leopold senr rhe
following message to President Roose
On this day of remembrance The
Belgian people with grateful hearts
strew flowers upon the graves of your
soldiers who fell upon our soil during
the World War. I join in this art of
homage and. together with my com
patriots, address to the American
people our wishes for their peace and
In reply, the President cabled:
' Today when America pays homagp
to the memory of its valliant soldier
dead our hearts are filled with grate
ful appreciation of the tribute paid by
your majesty and your majesty's sub
jects to those Americans interred in
Belgian soil who gave their lives for a
TWO DIE. EIGHT SAVED
WHEN SHIP RAMS TUG
Bv rh# AMOrinH Prwa.
HIGHLAND PALLS N. Y. Msv 30
- Two men were losi end right- others
rescued today as tne tug Russell 2d,
sank in the Hudson River near here
after a collision with the moiorship
Chester, owned by the Ford Motor
The men lost were identified bv
State police as Thomas Moran 38.
end Sivel Anderson. 35, both of New
York City. They were sleeping at
the time of the crash and were be
The eight other members ol the
crew of the tug. owned by tne New
town Creek Towing Co. of Brook
lyn. were hurled into the water and
were picked up within a few min
utea by a lifeboat from the motor
Capt. Waller Si it I wagon of the Rus
sell was knocked unconscious bv float
ing wreckage and suffered severe head
injuries. Five other members ol the
crew, including Capt. Sttllwagor a 18
year-old son, were treated for lacera
The Russell was lowing an empty
oil barge to New York City. Young
Stlllwagon. who was on the bridge
with his father, said the Chester,
beaded north with a cargo .if sugar,
salvage and automobiles, struck the
Russell amidship and that Hie tug
rolled over and sank within a few
Capt. .T, T. McNeeiev of the Ches
ter «iid the Ruste)'. was signied too
late to avoid he collision.
IN JEWEL THEFT
Noel Scaffa Held on Charge
of Transporting Stolen
A* 'he Associated Press.
NEW YORK. May 30.— Noel Scaffa.
private investigator of jewel thefts,
was arraigned before Federal Judge
Francis G. Caffey today on a charge
of transporting stolen jewelry from
Miami, Fla,, to New York Citv. He
was held in *10.000 bail. Hearing was
set for June 13.
Scaffa recently testified before »
giand jury which was investigating
the mysterious recovery of *185.000
worth of jewelry which had been
stolen from Mrs. Margaret Bell at the
Mtami-Biltmore Hotel in Miami.
Isidor Rregoff. who said Federal
agents had arrested his client on a
! charge of "suspicion of perjury." de
1 flared United States District Attorney
Francis Adams had assured him Seaf
fa had not been indicted
Operatives of the Division of Tn
, vestigation of the Department of
Justice picked up the detective yes
terday at his office
Federal authorities last month de
clared they would prosecute vigorous!'1
'all parties who may have conspired
to transport stolen jewels In in'er
The Depar'ment of Justice ir, a
statement had said "none other than
Noel Scaffa himself, on March 18. had
delivered >o Chief of Deeteerj'es
• Eugenei Bryant al Miami Beach.
Fla., the key- lo a lock bos of the
American locker Co. located at a
station in Miami.” and rha' Brvant
and a Scaffa investigator had found
the jewels in the box.
Bryant, who also was called here
to testify before the turv, resigned
An *18500 reward had been offered
for terr>' rrv of the gems.
REICH AIR PACT
Proposal Will Be Met With De
mand Germany Return
B' *h» A ' f- \$ r Prfcy
LONDON. May 30 Th?
government 'ndav submitted 9 dr?”
of a plan for a Western European
air part, and it was authoritative
stated that the Reich s suggestion xni!
be answered by a demand that Get
manv simultaneously join a general
armaments and security agreement
and return to the League of Nations
Germany's air pact draft was sitb
mittetf simultaneously to The govern
ments of Great Britain. France, J<aH
It was stated here that the possi
bility of a separate air convention
depends upon the mutual consent r<
Britain. Prance and Italy. The
British government will communicate
immediately with Rome and Parts, and
it Is understood that these govern
ments will insist upon German' 's
acceptance of the whole Pranro
British proposals of Februarv .1. which
emerged from the diplomatic conver
sation* at London.
Great Britain it was understood,
has no intention of weakening the
united front with Prance and Italv
by encouraging German' s efTor’s. to
force separate consideration of an air
The contents of the German draft
were kept as secret a= previous drafts
drawn up by Britain, France and
Well-informed Quarters, however,
said that Germany specified that a
full French first-line air force of
1.700 planes must bf taken as the
limit for an air convention. It was
said Germany is unwilling to accept
the 1.500 planes stationed in Prance
and North Africa as the maximum
figure, as did England when Stanley
Baldwin, lord president of the Coun
cil, announced tc the House of Com
mons that the Royal Air Force house
units would be increased to that
D. C. MAN UNHURT
IN FORCED LANDING
Pilot Rav Brown and Passenger.
E. H. Cassidy, Uninjured—Poor
B* th* A«?orm
JOHNSTOWN. Pa . May TO Poo.'
visibility over the Western Pennsylva
nia mountains forced two planes to
make emergency landings today, but
no one was hurt
One plane, piloted by Pav W. Brown
was forced down in a field in miles
from Johnstown and was damaged. £
H Cassidy of Washington was a pas
senger. The plane was en route >o
Ray W Brown, World War Armv
: flying instructor, and veteran of ncar
| lv 7.000 flying hours, is rhairman of
' the Executive Committee of thf Inde
pendent Aviation Operators of the
United States and last month became
chairman of the Approved Type Cer
tificate Contest Committee of the Na
tional Aeronautic Association and a
member of the Institute of Aeronauti
Brown was on his way from Wash
ington to Indiana polls after a brief
stop at Washington Airport His pas
senger, Edward H. Cassidy, is ihe
Washington representative of the Gen
eral Tire. & Rubber Co. He makes bi»
home at the Hay Adams House.
COMMITTEE TO ACT
ON HOMICIDE BILL
Three Other Measures Will Be
Studied Tomororw by House
A Senate hill creating a new law of
"negligent homicide.'’ and thref other
measures will be considered b' th*
Judiciary Subcommittee of the House
District Committee at a meeting to
morrow at 10 a.m.
The other bills are designed to raise
the fees in the office of the recorder
of deeds, repeal the law requiring
bonds of the District Commissions ts
and the surveyor, and io restrict the
exemption from street paving assess
The "negligent homicide" bill w»«
written after traffic officials and the
coroner s office complained that juries
were loath to. convict drivers under
present manslaughter laws due to the
severe penalties. The measure would
fix the penalty for "negligent bonM
cide” up to one year at the discretion
of the court.
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