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(O S Weather Bureau Forecast.) The OmV evening paper Partly cloudy tonight; tomorrow gen- - . ... erally fair; slowly rising temperature: in Washington With the gcntie east winds tonight, becoming vari- Associated PreSS NeWS today; lowest, 67, at 6 a.m. today. and WireptlOtO bei*VlCeS. Pull report on page 9. Closing N. Y. Markets, Pages 15, 16,17 • Yesterday’s Circulation, 121,074 ■ ■ .... - . , . — ■ ■ - — 1 ■ 1 ■ ■■ — No. 33,336. poif office.sWH"hin!ftonmt.tcrWASHINGTON, D. C., THURSDAY, AUGUST 8, 1935—FIFTY PAGES. **»<*> M.«n« A««ociaud Pr.»,. TWO CENTS. ON SATURDAY IS HAILED BYJAZIS Abolition of More War Vet erans’ Organizations Is Also Announced. DISSOLUTION OF LODGES DIRECT BLOW AT JEWS Hitler's Newspaper Declares Move "Finishes Special Chapter in World History.’’ By the Associated Press. BERLIN. August 8.—The end of all Free Masonic lodges in Germany and the abolition of more World War veterans' organizations were an nounced today. Reichsfuehrer Hitler's newspaper. Voelkischer Beobachter, stated that on Saturday the last Masonic lodges In the Reich, the State Lodge of Sax ony, the Dresden Great Lodge and the “German Brethren Chain’’ of Leipzig will be dissolved. Secret police today dissolved the veterans' "Steel Helmet” formations in Berlin. Brandenburg. Pommerania and Eastern Mark, the territory along the western ridge of Pomorze, Poland. The dissolution of the veteran units was accomplished on the basis of the law of February 28, 1933. for the pro tection of the people and the state. The property of the Steel Helmet units was seized. Attack Against Jews. After dissolution of the old Prussian | Free Mason Lodge July 21 and the | gradual disappearance of smaller lodges in a year-long campaign, the | Free Masons in Germany—first so called “state enemies”—thus would be wiped out completely. Hitler's organ, asserting the secret aim of Freemasonry was a Jewish world republic, said the forthcoming dissolution would "finish a special chapter in world history, and the guardian of the Nazi ideal would be elert." Jews accused of trying to hide their race to escape anti-Semit,ism appeared to stand in the center cf Nazi deter mination to purify German blood. Der Angriff, newspaper of Dr. Paul Joseph Goebbels, minister of propa ganda, directed an attack against Jews covering up by becoming Chris- j tians and asked how much longer the Protestant church would continue to baptize Jews. Protestant Pastors Cited. The newspaper namrd two Protest ed ministers in Berlin who. it said, have baptized 14 Jews since the Nazis have come to power. “Today the youngest toy knows the orthodox Jew cannot o n ode a believ ing Christian through a handful of water,” said Der Angriil. “The secret police aiso have known baptized Jews to use willingly the baptismal certificate lor what is little more than a swindle, in that former Protestant Moses FinKenrtein after a year becomes Catholic Moses Finken etein. His personal record later shows he came from the ranks of Protestantism to Catholicism.” Despite this, said the newspaper, aome Protestant ministers continued to baptize Jews, but “we have con vinced the largest part to have no more hope In Israelites.” One provincial newspaper suggested that all Jewish stores should bear aigns identifying them as such. “Many Germans are determined not to buy from Jews, but are they in a , position to carry out this desire?” it asked. Refer to New York Mayor. “A Jew working under cover is the most dangerous. How a Jew would act if he had power we saw in the case of La Guardia. New York’s Jewish: mayor, who tried to prevent a German from conducting his trade.” (Nazi speakers in New York re cently asserted that Mayor Fiorello H La Guardia had some Jewish blood after he refused a license to a German masseur on the grounds that Amer icans had been discriminated against In the Reich.) How to hold down prices was still puzzling officials, while two more Stahlhelm (Steel Helmet) veterans' units disappeared—one by edict and the other “voluntarily.” One butcher shop was closed at Herborn because its proprietor boosted ; the price of sausage. Nine shops were j threatened with forced closures, but ! the other eight merchants agreed to J lower their prices. How to Arrest Jews. Directions on how to arrest Jew's ! were published in the Schwarzekorps (Black Corps), organ of the Schutz i Staffel, blackshirted Nazi picked ! guards. The newspaper said private persons, !1 even though not empowered by certifi cate, were nevertheless entitled to "arrest Jews temporarily, even If they didn’t commit a severe crime.” Uitfriendly Senate Committee Threatens ‘Soak Rich’ Tax Plan Six Democrats Can Count on Three Republicans in Demanding Modifi cation in Draft of Legislation. BY JOHN C. HENRY. The highly critical attitude of an unfriendly Senate Finance Committee faction, which may become a com mittee majority, was growing rapidly today as a threat to enactment of the “soak the rich” tax plans of the Roosevelt administration. Thus far. six committee Democrats have placed themselves squarely cn record as opposed either to certain section or to the entire tax program, both as outlined by President Roosevelt and as approved by the House. These six, certain to insist on some con cessions to their views, may count with surety on three Republican members of the committee in any at tempt to force modifications in the Senate committee draft of the legisla tion. The Democrats who have revealed their antagonism to the tax program are Senators King cf Utah. Waish of Massachusetts, Gore of Oklahoma, Byrd of Virginia, Lonergen of Con necticut and Gerry of Rhode Island. FYom the Republican side of the 21 man committee, they may count on complete encouragement from Sen ators Hastings of Delaware, Metcalf of Rhode Island and Keyes of New Hampshire. Thus is formed an in surgent group of nine Senators with at least three ethers on the Demo cratic side possible adherents to their cause. Election Stiffens Attitude. In the specific cases of Senators Gerry, Lonergan and Walsh, the re sults of the Rhode Island election on Tuesday undoubtedly will stiffen their unfriendly attitude toward the pend ing bill. Interpreted as an outright rebuke to New Deal policies in gen eral, this election serves as a partic ularly accurate barometer of the feel ings of constituents of the three New j Englanders mentioned. A review of the record brings out j seme facts in substantiation of the conclusions outlined above. On July 25 Senator Walsh, speak- j ing in the National Radio Forum, de- ■ dared: "A taxation system that con- ; fiscates through estate and inheritance j (See SENATE, Page b.) CONFEREES AGE; Social Security Bill Wins Approval Without Pri vate Pensions. BY J. A. O LEARY. Failing to work out a last-minute compromise on the Clark private pen sion amendment. House and Senate conferees this afternoon decided to drop this feature from the national social security bill. This brought about a complete agreement on the far-reaching meas ure. since the effort of the Senate group to preserve private retirement systems has been the only remaining issue for several weeks. Although the Clark proposal has been abandoned as a part of the se curity bill, this action was taken with the understanding that House and Senate Committees will be ap pointed to try to work out a separate bill at the next session to meet the 1 principles involved. Kaimcauon necessary. The action of the conferees must go back to the House and Senate to be ratified before the social security, bill can be sent to the President. The House will approve the report as a matter of form, but in the Senate a final battle in behalf of the Clark amendment is probable unless sup porters of that proposition are ap peased by the promise of the conferees to study the problem further at the next session. Both the House and Senate have already adopted a preliminary con ference report containing an agree ment on everything else in the se- [ curity program, so that if the Senate yields on the Clark amendment, pas sage of the bill will be completed. The Clark amendment was intended 1 to allow' the Social Security Board to j exempt an industry from the employe employer pay roll tax to finance the Government old-age insurance plan, if the industry operates a retirement plan equal to or better than the Gov ernment system. Supporters of the amendment have argued that there are many such private plans, adopted voluntarily by industries and that thousands of employes would be in a less favorable position if these plans were dropped when the Government plan goes into operation. Other essential features of the social security program previously agreed to include: Federal grants to the States to match State payment of old-age pen sions to persons already 65 who are in need and have had no opportunity to build up an old-age insurance an nunlty. A basic pian for unemployment in surance. designed to induce the States to adopt such laws, by levying a Fed eral pay roll tax and then allowing deduction from the Federal tax of any similar tax levied by the States up to 90 per cent of the Federal levy. Federal aid tc the States for, pen- i sions to blind persons. Federal aid for a variety of social welfare functions, including home care for dependent children, treatment of :rippled children and public health work generally. Action on Local Bills. As soon as the House and Senate take final action on the conference report. Chairman King of the Senate District Committee will ask his com mittee to report out the three House bills necessary to apply the social se curity program to Washington. The >:d-age and blind pension bills are in ■hape. Changes are expected, how ever, in the Ellenbogen unemployment Jill, considered too drastic. Man in Shirt Sleeves, Barred From Elevator, to Go to Court By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, August 8—David Alper was plenty hot today, all be cause he tried to keep cool. He was ready, by his own declara tion, to carry to the Supreme Court his contention that he can ride in elevators without first donning a coat. The shirtsleeved collector, a 26 year-old six-footer, was so insistent, in fact, that he landed in court yes terday, charged with disorderly con duct. For a half hour he had refused to get out of an elevator at the Fashion Center Building, in midtown, and the operator had darkened the car rather than carry him upward. "I have ridden in my shirtsleeves,” the strapping young man proclaimed, ‘ in the St. Moritz, the Barbizon-Plaza, ^he Empire State, Radio City anci^ nearly every other smart building in town.” "Be that as It may,” retorted George Gilbert, elevator starter, “we have a rule in our building that men in shirtsleeves are not permitted to ride in the passenger elevators.” Gilbert then told Alper where he could And elevators which carried f. eight and coatless humans, but Al per held his ground—held it, that is, until a policeman dragged him forth. Magistrate Hulon Capshaw with held his decision until both sides could submit briefs. Awaiting his finding were Alper and other champions of masculine emanci pation from fashion's dictates in hot weather. So, too. were the Fashion Center j Building's elevator operators—who ! don't wear coats with their uniforn^*' EMPLOYES' LEAVE I I Both Bills Are Expected to Be Passed Without Opposition. BY WILL P. KENNEDY. House leaders expect that the two bills restoring the 30-day annual itave and 15-day sick leave to Gov ernment workers will be passed today under the special rules reported two weeks ago. They may not. however come up until late in the day. Chair man O’Connor ol the Rules Com mittee is privileged to bring up spe cial rules in whatever order he may determine. Speaker Byrns said this morning that the conference report on judge ships probably will be the first meas- , ure considered by the House. The' annual leave bill then will be taken ! up, followed by the sick leave meas ure. according to O'Connor. One i hour of debate is provided in each rule. Asks Companion Measure*. Representative Young, Democrat, of Ohio, who prevented action on the leave measures last week and who since said he would not oppose the measure, expects to get time in op position in order to protect his own position. This, he says, is that the j sick leave bill and the annual leave i bill must be passed as companion measures. The annual leave bill increases the vacation period for Government em ployes from 15 to 30 days, cumulative to 120 days at the rate of 2,.£ days a j month. The sick leave bill establishes ! the standard sick leave of 15 days, cumulative to 120 days at the rate of 1'4 days a month, but with liberal provisos which permit an administra tive officer, in case of emergency sickness, to grant sick leave in ad vance of its being accumulated. District Employes Exempt. Both leave bills specifically exempt from their provisions District public school teachers and librarians in the i public schools. The sick leave bill does not apply to the District Police and j Fire Departments. Chairman Rams peck of the House Civil Service Committee expressed confidence today that both of these bills, which he is sponsoring, will pass the House. Senate leaders have prom ised prompt action when the bills go to the Senate in the hope of having Ihem become law before Congress ad journs. -■—-• ■ -- RAGING OHIO FLOOD PERILS ZANESVILLE Two Dead. $1,000,000 Loss as Coshocton Watches Water Rise. By the Associated Press. COSHOCTON, Ohio. August 8 —Flood waters of the rampaging Tuscarawas and Walhonding Rivers, which have caused damage estimated at $1,000,000, surged together at their confluence here today and swept southward into the overflowing Muskingum, toward Zanesville. Heavy tains continued last night, increasing the flood torrent that sped toward Zanesville, McConnellsvllle and Marietta. Zanesville officials ordered residents of two sections of the city to vacate their homes. Water 6 feet deep was running through hundreds of homes today in the six counties where the flood is worst. Two persons are known to have drowned and another was miss ing. In addition to these, two others died during the storm Tuesday night— one. who was struck by lightning, the other from a heart attack as a bolt struck a barn At Massillon. 35 miles north of here, almost 60 per cent of the city’s area was under water last night and hun dreds there were homeless. At Dover, south of Massillon, the flood waters were nearly 7 feet deep ove^ several blocks, and row boats were removing residents from dwellings. The Tuscarawas River at Dover was 12 feet above normal and still rising, threatening a shutdown of the city's electric light plant, and of the water works pumping stations here and at nearby New Philadelphia. Scores of dead cattle, sheep and pigs Uttered the streams. VirtuaUy all rail road service throughout the area was at a halt Many highways were flooded so badly that they were im passable. Several bridges and whole lections of roads wage washed-out. BUSINESS RENEWS TAX BIEL ASSAULT AS HEARjNGS END Senate Finance Committee Will Begin Drafting Tomorrow. HEAVY ATTACK MADE BY CHAMBER OFFICIAL Alvord Urges Further Study of Revenue Problem Before En acting Measure. After a final assault from business leaders, the Senate Finance Com mittee today concluded Its hearings on the administration tax bill and Chairman Harrison announced execu tive sessions would begin tomorrow tc consider revisions. Senator Harrison declined to ex press any opinion on whether the bill will be greatly lewritten from the form In which it was approved by the House. However, the tenor of ques tioning by several committee members has indicated that changes are in store for the legislation. Meanwhile, the tax fight broke out on the Seriate floor where Senator Vandenberg. Republican, of Michigan. asserted that the proposed inherit ance levies would drive the Ford Motor Co. "Into the hands of Wall Street." Declaring he spoke for himself tvid not for the Fords. Vandenberg called the inheritance levies "confiscation ' and said: "Bluntly, it (the Ford Co! will be driven into the hands of Wall Street, j or Its equivalent; and the money- : changers, who have striven vainly in years past to achieve this end. and whom this administration says it pro poses to drive from the temple, will j have been handed the dominicn l which in no other manner could be i obtained." Sees Tax Taking Most of Estate. Assuming the Ford Co. is worth j half a billion dollars and that Henry Ford’s total estate will be *300,000,000, he said, the proposed Inheritance levy, i on top of the existing estate tax, j would take (270,000.000 of that. In an effort to complete committee consideration of the legislation Har rison said the executive meetings will continue through tomorrow afternoon i perhaps in the evening, and again Saturday. The committee hopes to j report the measure to the 8enate in time for consideration there on Mon- , d«y or Tuesday. The broadest attack on the bill to day came from Ellsworth C. Alvord, ! former special assistant to the Secre tary of the Treasury and now repre senting the United States Chamber of Commerce. He formerly was legis lative counsel for Congress on tax matters Alvord urged the committee to allow further study of the revenue problem j before attempting to enact legisla tion, but went further to say that if the administration would confine Its efforts to restoring business prosperity It would find new tax legislation un necessary. Present rates, he said, would raise sufficient income under i normal conditions. excess rroms wvr nil. The first attacks today were directed at the excess profits levy. P. R. Gamble, representing the American Association of Advertising Agencies, spoke first in opposition to the increases, particularly as they j would apply to such personal services as advertising. Alvord, the second witness, then scored vigorously the imposition of such a levy. "An excess profits tax on corporate earnings violates all principles of tax ation normally accepted as sound,” Alvord said. "It is capricious, in equitable and uncertain. It penalizes conservatively - managed enterprises and discriminates against them and in favor of inflationistic corporate finance. Even the excess profits tax of 1918, representing probably the best which could be devised, was admit tedly unsound, unfair and discrimina tory. Tax liabilities were controlled largely by fortuitous circumstances having nothing to do with income or ability to pay. Liability Not Definite. "The excess profits tax proposed in the pending bil1 violates every funda mental canon of taxation. Liability for the tax can be neither certain nor definite. The tax is based upon a purely arbitrary and fictitious figure.1 having no conceivable relation to the '• reasonableness of the income or the capacity to pay Liability for the tax is not determined by real values or existing facts. Luck in guessing fu ture income is the governing factor. Taxation of this nature is merely a lottery. “The capital stock tax imposed by the 1934 act is exceedingly objection able and should be amended to permit an annual declaration of value. But an attempt to use It as a basis for an excess-profits tax at the sharply graduated rates proposed in the bill is wholly without justification. Un equal burdens, unfair discriminations, (See TAXES, Page 4j Readers’ Guide Page. Amusements..C-12 Comics_C-8 Editorials.A-8 Finance.A-15-16-17 Lost and Found..A-9 Mallon..1_A-2 Radio.. C-5 Serial Story_B-6 Service Orders...A-14 Short Story___B-11 Society.B-2-3-4 Sports.C-l-2-3-4 Vital Statistics_.....A-9 Washington Wayside 2._A-6 Women’s Features_A.C-6-7 •w HUH! THEY DON'T ) KNOW A COMPLIMENT 1 WHEN THEY SEE ONE** I WHY, HE WAS IN A PICTURE ALONGSIDE THE KINGFISH! 11.798.000-Bale Produc tion Seen by Agriculture Department. By the Associated Press. In its first estimate of the 1935 cotton crop the Agriculture Depart ment today predicted a total produc tion of 11.798.000 500-pound bales. 2,100.000 bales more than last year. Secretary Wallace simultaneously announced “adequate credit facilities" would be made available for orderly marketing of the crop. The crop prediction apparently was larger than some officials had hoped, but Secretary Wallace said the ad ministration saw no cause for anxiety. He added that if world consump tion were maintained at present levels, foreign and domestic mills could be expected to require considerably in excess of 11.000.000 bales of American cotton. 13-Cenl-a-Pound Minimum. In addition, he said the stocks of cotton held by the Government, amounting to approximately 5000.000 bales, would not be available to pur chasers except at a price in excess of 13 cents a pound, and, therefore, this cotton would not come in competition with the new crop until prices reached that level. “The administration sees no cause for anxiety in the present crop esti mate.'' Wallace said. “There are am ple resources available to carry the present stocks financed by the Gov ernment for an indefinite period." Wallace said if, whe*. the new crop began to mo e in volume, there ap peared a tendency for prices to be depressed, the administration would not hesitate to offer ample loans that would immediately absorb excess sup plies. Strong pressure from the South has been brought for a loan of 12 cents on the 1935 crop. Twelve-cent loans on the 1934 crop now total $271,775,525 on 4,454,039 bales. These loans are due February 1, 1936. Condition August 1, 73.6 Per Cent. The condition of the crop on August 1 was 73.6 per cent of normal, indi cating a yield of 198 3 pounds per acre, compared with 60.4 per cent a year ago and a yield of 170.9 pounds last year. The 1924-33 average Au gust I condition was 68.7 per cent and average yield 177.1 pounds. The acreage in cultivation July 1 was 29,166,000 acres, or 4.6 per cent more than last year. The 10-year average abandonment. 1925-34, was 2.4 per cent. That would make the area to be harvested 28,480,000 acres. Cotton Mamet on. NEW YORK. August 8—The cotton futures market declined 10 to 80 cents a bale today, as trading was resumed after the reading of the Agriculture Department's estimate of the crop. The Government estimate, how ever, placing the indicated crop at 11.798.000 bales, was only about 367.000 bales above the average ex pectation of the New York Cotton Exchange members, as revealed by a , recent canvass. Before the reading of the report, prices had ruled 25 to 60 cents a bale higher, but these gains were quickly lost. The October delivery experienced the sharpest drop, at 11.16 cents, off .16 of a cent a pound. July, how ever, at 11.06, was only off .02 of a cent a pound. HOG PRICE HITS $12, SAME FIGURE AS ’29 Direct Shipments Dwindle, Forc ing Dealers Into Open Market, Sharpening Trade. By the Associated Press. CHICAGO, August 8.—Hog prices jumped 10 to 15 cents again today to above )12 per hundredweight for the first time since August, 1929. The top paid was $12.05, while the bulk of good and choice medium weights went over the scales at $11.75 to $12. Receipts were only 7,500, of which 1,500 came In direct. The fact that direct shipments have been dwindling lately has forced packers Into the open market for the bulk of their supplies, sharpening compe tition. ^ To Retire — MAJ. GEN. BENJAMIN D. FOI'LOIS. Obtains Leave of Absence Until December 22. When He Retires for Age. By the Associated Press. Maj. Gen. Benjamin D. Foulois to day ended a long and bitter contro versy between the War Department and the House Military Affairs Com mittee by retiring as chief of the Army Air Corps. The War Department announced that Foulois. on his own application, was granted leave of absence until December 22. At that time he will be 64 and automatically retires for age Foulois. now on temporary leave, has had little direction of Air Corps activities since the House Military Subcommittee demanded that Secre tary Dern remove him as chief be cause of charges of inefficiency, mis statements made to an investigating committee and other accusations. Dern refused the committee's re quest and had the inspector general of the Army make a complete investiga tion. On the basis of this report Dern cleared Foulois of the charges, al though he found that the general had made some misstatements to the com mittee. -«. . — IRVING TRUST OFFICIAL SUICIDE FROM BRIDGE Claude V. Allnutt on Leave of Absence for Seven Months Owing to Illness. By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, August 8 —Claude V. | Allnutt. 58. of Stamford, Conn., a vice president of the Irving Trust Co, | leaped to death today from the George Washington Bridge. The body landed in Washington Park. Several motorists informed au thorities they saw Allnutt climb to the railing on the Manhattan side of the bridge and jump. The announcement of the. suicide was made by the port authority of New York. At- the main office of the Irving Trust Co. a spokesman said Allnutt had been on leave of absence for the past seven months because of illness. TWICE BANDIT CAPTIVE Correspondent Jones Reported in Hands of Second Group. PEIPING, August 8 UP). — Hopes for the speedy release of Gareth Jones, correspondent of the Manchester Guardian, were diminished today when the British Embassy was ad vised that a second group of bandits now held him prisoner. Jones was kidnaped about a month ago. Sources in Kalgan, which the Em bassy believes reliable, said that the second group of bandits had increased the ransom demand to 100,000 Mexi can dollars, about B38,000. COAL BILL DEFEA1 Doubt of Necessary Demo cratic Support Reported Serious. By the Associated Pres;. A poll of Democrats on the Guffey coal bill was reported authoritatively today to have raised giave doubts as to whether the measure would pass the House. First returns on the poll were dis cussed Just after Representative Lewis, Democrat, of Maryland, following a talk with President Roosevelt, pre dicted the bill would be reported “this afternoon" by the House Ways and Means Committee and would pa*s the House. Two Questions Asked. The poll of Democrats was being made on two questions: What the vote would be if the bill were reported favorably by the committee, and what it would be if the committee made no recommendation. The actual figures were guarded closely, but it was said that a major ity of the 319 Democrats had indi cated they would vote against the bill if it lacked full committee ap proval. Some leaders were figuring on most of the Republicans voting against the bill under any circumstances, and consequently calculated they must get most of their support from the Demo cratic side. Remains Deadlocked. The measure remained deadlocked, at least temporarily, in the Ways and Means Committee, with the tentative count there standing 14 to 11 against a favorable report to the House. Lewis made his forecast to newsmen alter a talk with the President. When Chairman Doughton of the Ways and Means Committee learned of it he said, "There has been no change in the situation." "We had a committee meeting this morning and the bill wasn't even named,” he said. "If there's a meet ing this afternoon, I don't know any thing about it.’’ ... — -- a - ■ CUSTOMS WAR END SEEN IN POLAND Government and Danzig Officials Appear Ready to Accept Compromise. By the Aswcieted Preu. FI^EE CITY OF DANZIG. August 8 —An end to the customs war between Poland and the free city of Danzig was generally expected today as both sides appeared ready to compomise. Danzig was believed to have ac cepted with modifications a Polish plan to give financial aid to the free city. Poland was understood to be light ening its demands for supervision of Danzig affairs, set forth in the orig inal plan rejected by Danzig. Antoni Roman. Polish Minister to Sweden, and Stanislaus Pappee, Polish high commissioner for Danzig, after working late last night over the dis pute, resumed their negotiations to day. A rumor circulated that Danzig would cease "defying” Poland. SENATE APPROVES BAN ON GOLD SUITS BY VOTE OF 53-24 Measure Returns to House for Consideration of Amendments. LEGISLATION ATTACKED AS “REPUDIATION” BILL Chief Change Would Allow Ac tions Only if Brought Within Six Months. By the Associated Press. The administration resolution to close the courts to gold clause suits against the Government after six months was passed today by the Senate. The vote was 53 to 24. The measure, attacked by its op ponents as a "repudiation bill." .now goes back to the House, which al ready has passed it. for consideration of Senate amendments. As approved by the House, the reso lution would have shut off gold clause suits immediately. The chief change made by the Sena'e was to permit them for six months. Debated Lefts Than Day. Despite hot attacks on the meas ure from both sides of the party aisle, it went through with less than a day’s debate. Warnings from critics that it would endanger Gov ernment credit were denied by ad ministration spokesmen yesterday. The final ballot came suddenly today with out a word of debate. The bill is designed to close up the last loophole left by the Supreme Court’s gold clause decision. In that case, the court held that holders of Government obligations promising to pay in gold could recover if they could show they were damaged by payment in paper currency. Brought I'p by Fletcher. The legislation was brought up yes terday by Chairman Fletcher of the Banking Committee with the state ment that it was the “logical, natural, inevitable consequence” of the Gov ernment's monetary policies which Congress had approved. Senator Adams. Democrat, of Colo rado, contended that in the celebrated g '.d cases the Supreme Court had held the Government had the right to change the medium for discharging private contracts, but “no right to : repudiate its own obligations." i “If this Government,” he said, “once establishes the theory that its word is good only when it chooses, it will destroy not only its own credit, but, what is more, its integrity." In reply Senator Norris, Republican, r Nebraska, said the right of a sov ereign power to refuse to be sued was an established right and that "a man who lends money to the Government knows there is no way to enforce pay ment." From Senator Vandenberg, Repub li in. of Michigan, came the assertion that "if we go much further in this course of constructive repudiation," cit izens will not buy Government securi ties "without examining them with a microscope.” Schall and Connally Clash. The debate was marked by a clash between Senator Schall. Republican, of Minnesota, and Senator Connally, Democrat, of Texas, In which Schall likened giving information to the Texan to •'putting pearls before swine.” The roll call approving the gold i clause resolution follows: FOR THE BILL. DEMOCRATS. 4 7. ASHURST MALONET BACHMAN McADOO BANKHEAD MCGILL BARKLEY McKELLAR BONE MINTON BROWN MOORE BULOW MURPHY BURKE MURRAY BYRNES NEELY CARAWAY O MAHONEY CHAVEZ PITTMAN CLARK POPE CONNALLY REYNOLDS COSTIGAN ROBINSOR DIETERICH RUSSELL DUFFY SCHWELLENBACH FLETCHER SHEPPARD ' GERRY SMITH 1 THOMAS <Okla 1 HARRISON TRAMMELL HATCH VAN NUY8 LEWIS WAGNER LOGAN WHEELER LONERGAN REPUBLICANS. I. FRAZIER NORRIS NORBECK NYE PROGRESSIVES. I. LA FOLLETTE FARMER-LABOR L. SHIPSTEAD Grand total for. 5.1. AGAINST. DEMOCRATS, fl. ! ADAMS GLASS | BULKLEY GORE BYRD KING COPELAND WALSH GEORGE REPUBLICANS. l.V AUSTIN McNARY BORAH METCALF CAPPER SCHALL CAREY STEIWER i DAVIS TOWNSEND j C-IB80N VANDENBERG HALE WHITE j JOHNSON I Grand total against. '14. Pairs announced — Dickinson. Repub : liean. Iowa, with Bilbo. Democrat. Missis I sippi. positions not announced: Holt. Democrat. West Virginia, for. with Hast ing... Republican. Delaware, against: Tru man, Democrat. Missouri, for. with Bar bour. Republican. New Jersey, against. Thomas. Democrat. Utah. for. with Keyes. Republican. New Hampshire, aaainst. Attorneys Race to File First Suits Under New Divorce Law Washington’s liberalized divorce law met with an enthusiastic reception today as attorneys for three wives raced to the court house for the dis tinction of being first to file suit under the new bill. When the dust raised by the sprint ing lawyers had cleared away an examination of the court docket re vealed that all three litigants had beaten the official opening time of 9 am. The order of filing was: Mrs. Dorothy V. Quesada, 1932 Jackson street northeast. 8:45 a.m. Mrs. Miriam C. Thomas. 3009 Twenty-fifth street northeast, 8:46 am. Mrs. Ruth N. Steele, 128 Eleventh street southeast, 8:50 a.m. Run Neck to Neck. With the women participating in a figurative sense |jnly, the actual race was staged by Attorneys Raymond Neudecker and Jean M. Boardman. formerly partners. First and second honors went to Neudecker. who out maneuvered Boardman by the simple expedient of getting up a little earlier. Boardman. however, claimed a tech nical victory, pointing out that Neu decker's clients already had filed limited divorce suits while his own client was filing an original proceed ing. Neudecker countered with the as sertion that he had represented Mrs. Steele before she went to Boardman. Both Boardman and Neudecker read that President Roosevelt had signed the bill in the late editions of yes terday's newspapers. While Board man retired early—only to oversleep— Neudecker began laying his plans for TSee DIVORCES, Page 4.).