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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, August 10, 1935, Image 2

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EXPERIMENT ENDS
RELIEFWELING'
Pennsylvania Chief Evolves
Own System to Obtain
Work for Jobless.
BY DAVID LAWRENCE.
The problem of relief has become
an administrative task so difficult and
eo complicated throughout the Na
tion that it bids fair to supersede in
Importance before long every national
Issue.
Gen. Hugh Johnson’s troubles with
the strikers in New York who object
to the ’’security" wage on work-relief
projects and the numerous reports
that the Federal dole is being used as
a subsidy for strikes are mere inci
dents in the everyday operation of
the relief machinery, especially as
employers here and there report that
persons on relief prefer the dole to
the work that is offered them.
President Roosevelt has just an
nounced that the workers do not have
to accept the work-relief wages If
they do not care to do so, but they
lose their status on the relief rolls.
This method of handling the
worker who has a job offered him
was developed in Pennsylvania by
State Administrator Robert L. John
son. Incidentally, Mr. Johnson’s re
port of his first six months in ad
ministering relief in one of the largest
States in the Union is particularly
interesting. He is not a politician
but a volunteer who obtained leave
of absence from his work as adver
tising manager of Time magazine in
order to do his part in the drive
against the depression. Having al
ways had a yearning for public serv
ice, Mr. Johnson selected what he
believed would be not only an inter
esting work but a most exacting one.
His conclusions are most significant,
for they are from a truly disinterested
source.
Decentralization Policy.
“Before taking office" says Mr.
Johnson, “I made a three-month
study of relief problems which led me
to determine on a policy of decen
tralization, and I put it into effect im
mediately.
“Under my predecessor the County
and Area Relief Boards were rubber
stamp affairs, having no authority:
but often considered by the com- 1
munity to be completely responsible.
Naturally I found the boards in al
most all cases to be thoroughly dis
satisfied with tlfe position in which
they found themselves. I have gone
over thousands of names of promi
nent citizens and from these names I
have personally selected and installed
16 new advisory boards, and the re
maining boards I hope to have by
September 1.
“Seven trained investigators were
brought in from another State to
conduct an investigation of the much
discussed chiseling situation. Their
report was unbiased, represented a
new point of view and revealed a
comparatively small percentage of :
fraud on the part of relief recipients. |
“Necessary legal assistance was pro
vided to speed up prosecutions. Many j
chiselers w-ent to jail, thousands :
thought it the best policy voluntarily I
to leave the relief rolls, and many j
thousands of dollars were returned
by persons who feared the light of in- i
vestigation.
“I fo»nd it to be true that a person j
on direct relief who took a temporary
job might be deprived of the neces
sities of life when the job ended be
cause of the necessary 'red-tape’ de
lay in making application for relief.
This was an injustice, and to correct
it I originated and instituted the au
tomatic reinstatement procedure. This
requires a person offered temporary
employment to report to the local re
lief office, where he is given a certifi
cate entitling him to return to the
relief rolls immediately his employ
ment ends. At that time he has his
employer indorse the certificate and
put thereon the amount of his last
pay and the number of days he has
worked. In returning him to the re
lief rolls due consideration is given
to the amount of money received as
wages.
Pass on Relief Applicants.
“Having removed the major reason
for people refusing temporary employ
ment, I next created review commit
tees throughout the State to pass on
cases of relief recipients who refuse
to work. A large number have been
dropped from the relief rolls for un
justifiable refusal of employment. In
cases where the relief recipient is
found to have been offered inadequate
compensation, the recipient will be re
tained on the relief rolls, and the
Relief Administration will consider the
prospective employer to have been
guilty of attempting to exploit per
sons on relief and the employer’s
name and the name of his company
presented to the State Emergency Re
lief Board at the next regular meeting.
"It is now compulsory for all em
ployable relief recipients to register
with the national or State employ
ment services or be dropped from re
lief rolls. No person may apply for
relief without presenting a certificate
of registration issued by the employ
ment office.”
Mr. Johnson reports that on Jan
uary 15 last there were 1,691,316 per
sons receiving subsistence from public
money In Pennsylvania. The number
rose to a peak of 1,743,579 In April,
but by July 6 this had come down to
1,615,822 and there has been a reduc
tion every week for the last 16 weeks.
This represents a net reduction in cost,
he reports, of more than $219,000 per
week from the peak load.
That’s the story of relief administra
tion in Pennsylvania, and if there’s a
coal strike the big question will be
whether Pennsylvania will subsidize
the strike with Federal money or
whether Mr. Roosevelt will take the
position that those who have been
offered Jobs and have refused them
cannot be maintained at public ex
pense.
PROFESSOR IS KILLED
Journalism Director at Texas Col
lege Auto Accident Victim.
DENTON, Tex., August 10 UP).—
Delos E. Nooe, about 30, director of
the department of Journalism at Texas
State College for Women here, was
killed yesterday and two others were
injured by the overturning of their
motor car in a street crossing accident.
W. M. Loveless, business manager
of the college, was severely injured in
the accident and Miss Beulah Ellis
received a broken collarbone.
Nooe was a former University of
Kentucky student.
Industrialiit Dies.
SYRACUSE, N. Y., August 10 OP).—
Henry Hunter Smith Handy, 78,
prominent in the chemical dye in
dustry, died yesterday after a long
illness. ^
What’s What
Behind News
In Capital
Long Evolves Method
to Insure Win in
Politics.
BY PAUL MALLON.
IT MAY now be disclosed that a
guaranteed formula for escaping
political defeat has been found
by that well-known inventor and
pal of the people, Huey Long. The
discovery has not yet been formally
announced but is clearly indicated by
the inside story of what happened the
other day in the Mississippi primary.
Senator Long had an entry in the
governorship race, a Mr. Lester Frank
lin. At least, Mr. Franklin wore the
easy-living, wealth-sharing stable
colors of the lord of Louisiana.
A few days before election, however,
it became apparent that Mr. Franklin
was running as if he were carrying
Primo Camera. Politicians realized
that Messrs. Johnson, White and
Murphree were going to finish -one,
two, three. The only reason Mr. Long’s
entry was not going to finish last was
that there was a fifth horse in the
race.
Convention Studies Problem.
It is understood that Huey called a
convention of his brain trust in a
telephone booth at his hotel here to
consider the question of buying roller
skates for his lagging horse.
Two days later a pair of Huey's
skates did appear in Mississippi, but,
lo and behold, they were under Mr.
Johnson, the favorite, instead of Mr.
Franklin.
Politicos here agree that Long's
maneuver was the smartest trick of
the budding political season. He did
! not officially announce that he was
swapping horses, but just let the word
seep out through unofficial channels,
so no one can prove where it came
from.
Mr. Franklin denied it and so
did friends of Mr. Johnson, but
that made no difference to Huey.
He took no official part in the pri
mary. When Mr. Johnson finished
neck and neck with Mr. White it
was a Long victory.
Word w’as spread around here to
that effect and people who rely on
gossip for their information now be
lieve it.
Believe Revision Discussed.
The top circle is again discussing
the advisability of revising the existing
relief set-up. The Rhode Island elec
tion has accentuated a growing lack
of confidence on the inside in the
decentralized system centering around
Messrs. Walker. Hopkins, Ickes and .
the Allotment Board.
That matter is understood to have
been discussed when the three men
met at the White House the other
day at their usual weekly conference
with the President.
Mr. Ickes favors centralized con
trol. He used it in the old P. W.
A. It slowed up the work con
siderably, but apparently the new
balanced system, under which each
of the three men is supposed to be
a resisting balance against the
other, has slowed matters even
more.
You may find the existing set-up
swerved quietly toward further cen
tralization in the hands of Mr. Hop
kins. even though no announcement
is made about it.
Adjournment Indicated.
Vice President Gamer has passed
word confidentially along to the White
House that Congress will adjourn be
tween August 20 and 25. Also, he is
understood to have made personal
plans to leave town before September
1 at the latest. This is the best pos
sible tip on when you may expect the
weary and wearisome legislators to
go home.
It means that the administration
is ready to accept any reasonable
tax bill; that President Roosevelt is
not going to insist on his original
proposal. Furthermore, it indicates
that much of the secondary legisla
tion will be Jettisoned.
All legislators know that Senator
Glass must be handled with care,
but few realize the extent to which
Congressmen Steagall and Golds
borough have gone in developing their
Glass-handling system.
Persons with more influence than
Mr. Ben Cohen who have been un
able to get into the secret con
ferences on the bank bill and simi
lar legislation this session say that
Messrs. Steagall and Goldsborough
have adopted a system known in
bridge as “the kick-under-the
table” informative bid.
Whenever Chairman Glass of the
Senate conferees and Chairman Stea
gall of the House conferees come to
a disagreement on some point Mr.
Steagall’s foot seems to bob up and
hit Mr. Goldsborough’s shins under
the table. Thereupon Mr. Golds
borough flies into Senator Glass,
abuses the Senate viewpoint and in
sists on the House position.
On Pouring Gets Results.
It Is not difficult to irritate Mr.
Glass, and he ordinarily reacts after
the fashion of a gasoline tank .when
hit by a lightning bolt. And in the
same length of time. Then suave
Mr. Steagall steps in and pours on
the oil.
Observers say this procedure is
repeated over and over again until
the House men are able to harass an
agreement out of Glass on the things
they most desire.
A naive Republican contributor
(feminine) has written to Poll Con
ductor Lucas here suggesting Henry
Ford and Alice Roosevelt as the next
Republican ticket
There is a movement down deep in
Virginia politics to have the next
Virginia delegation pledged to Sena
tor Byrd instead of Mr. Roosevelt,
but it won’t be.
Democratic Congressmen are not
worrying very much about their re
bellious utility bill votes as an elec
tion issue. The r^son is that Rep*
EARLY AGREEMENT
ON BANK BILL SEEN
Conferees Report Progress.
Senate Changes Are Be
lieved Accepted.
By the Associated Press.
Final agreement early next week
was seen today as probable alter con
ferees on the banking bill reported
considerable headway in composing
differences.
After four days of arguments, it was
announced by one Senate conieree
that the House committee had ac
cepted several important Senate pro
visions. including a seven-man Fed
eral Reserve Board, with the Secre
tary of the Treasury and the con
troller of the currency excluded as
ex-officio members In 90 days.
The present board is composed of
six appointive members and the two
ex-officios eliminated by the Senate
to make the board more •’inde
pendent.”
Another Senate provision said to
have been accepted would change the
name of the board to a "Board of Gov
ernors of the Federal Reserve System,”
and give each member the title of
"governor.” The chairman and vice
chairman would be selected from the
seven for four-year terms. All seven
would serve 14-year terms on the
board.
Still another would permit a director
of a Reserve member bank to serve as
director on "one other" bank.
The conferees were reported prac
tically agreed on the Senate provision
making the assessment on banks for
membership In the deposit insurance
fund 1-12 of 1 per cent a year on total
deposits.
SHIP SUBSIDY BILL
NEARER ENACTMENT
Senate Committee Amendment
Would Base Earnings
on Investment.
By the Associated Press.
Though the ship subsidy bill has
moved another notch toward enact
ment, its future still remains uncertain.
The bill, already passed by the
House, was approved by the Senate
Commerce Committee yesterday with
a new amendment. This, offered by
Senator Murphy, Democrat, of Iowa
W'ould permit subsidized shipowners
to base earnings only on their own
investment in a ship, not its totalj
cost.
The bill substitutes outright sub-|
sidies for the present ocean mail pay- !
ments. The Government could pay
the difference between American and ■
foreign costs of ship construction,
provided the difference did not exceed 1
40 per cent of the cost. It also could
pay a subsidy to make up the differ
ence between costs of American and
foreign crews.
Shipowners could borrow from the
Reconstruction Finance Corp. three
quarters of the money they might j
need for their share of the cost of
constructing new ships.
-.
DRUGGISTS INDORSE
COPELAND MEASURE
Pharmaceutical and Wholesale
Dealers, However, Make Cer
tain Reservations.
By the Associated Press.
Pharmaceutical and wholesale drug
gists indorsed yesterday, with reser- I
vations. the Copeland food and drug
bill before a House Interstate Com
merce Subcommittee.
But Arthur Kallet of Consumers
Research, Inc., labeled the measure
"an attempt to protect business
profits at the expense of the con
sumers."
Passed by the Senate several weeks
ago, the bill would strengthen powers
of the Secretary of Agriculture over
pure food and drugs, give him author
ity over certain advertising and reg
ulate cosmetics for the first time.
William Bruce Phillips of the Dis
trict of Columbia Pharmaceutical
Association, indorsed the principle of
the measure, but objected to the re
quirement for, "complete and ade
quate" directions on drugs, saying
such a demand would lead to con
fusion and most likely to unfortunate
cases of attempted self-medication.
In a statement, the Federal Whole
sale Druggists’ Association declared
for the measure, but objected to a
proposed amendment to permit seiz
ure of more than one sample of goods
suspected of being “grossly defective."
SHERIFF TAKES LESSONS
IN HANGING TECHNIQUE
I
Will Execute Two Men With
Borrowed Rope of Profes
sional Hangman.
By the Associated Press.
NEW MADRID, Mo., August 10.—A
sheriff who “took lessons" in hanging
that he might perform his duty in a
"business-like manner" will execute
two men here August 16—with bor
rowed rope.
Sheriff Sam Harris never has wit
nessed an execution, much less offi
ciated ; yet. by court mandate, he must
send Roy E. Hamilton and Eddie Gay
man to their deaths for the hold-up
slaying of Arthur Cashion, filling sta
tion attendant.
In preparation, he took a "course
of instruction in hanging’’ from!
George P. Hanna, Epworth, HI., pro
fessional hangman.
He also borrowed Hanna's steel trap
and manila rope.
TODAY.
Senate:
In recess.
House:
In recess.
resentative Pat Drewry of Virginia,
chairman of the Democratic Con
gressional Campaign Committee, also
rebelled.
No early figures were announced
on the Lucas straw vote, because re
turns indicated a scattering vote.
Also because some Republican author
ities are declining to co-operate.
(Coar^eM. loss J
if
Policeman Dies
ROBERT E. STRONG.
Member of Police Force 16
Years Was Stricken on
Street Wednesday.
Robert E. Strong. 40, of 217 F street,
World War veteran and a member
of the Metropolitan Police Force for
16 years, died last evening in Walter
Reed Hospital.
He had been taken ill on the street
near the Government Printing Office
Wednesday night and was given first
aid at the Infirmary there before being
removed to Emergency Hospital. Later
a transfer to Walter Reed was recom- !
mended.
A native of Orange County, Va.. i
Strong enlisted in the Regular Army 1
as a boy. served four years in China
and the Philippines and was appointed
a corporal in Company B. 4th Infan
try, in 1918. He participated in the
final drive against the Germans in
France and did not return to America
until after the signing of the peace
treaty.
In the Police Department he re-1
ceived his first training in the third
precinct under Maj. Ernest W. Brown, i
whom he followed into the traffic
squad. For more than a decade he
directed traffic at Massachusetts |
avenue and North Capitol street, and
more recently had been acting as a
hack, inspector.
He is survived by his parents, Mr.!
and Mrs. James Strong, Unionville, Va. I
Funeral arrangements were to be
made today.
- • 1 ■ •
PRESIDENT DECLINES
TO AUTHORIZE CANAL
I

Say* Atlantic-Gulf Waterway
Across Florida Is Up
to Congress.
By the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt said yesterday
it did not seem right to fioceed with
a project of such nature as the pro
posed Florida ship canal without spe
cific authorization from Congress. The
canal complete, he said, would cost
about >146.000.000.
Mr. Roosevelt announced, however,
plans were under consideration for
deepening the St. Johns River for
ship traffic inland to Palatka, Fla.
As the contemplated canal route
follows the St. Johns to this point. this
improvement of the river channel
would leave only about a 30-mile cut
across the mainland, engineers c:ted,
to connect the Atlantic with the Gulf,
in event Congress should give its sanc
tion and the complete waterway un
dertaken.
Canal proponents had sought to
have the President allocate fund.- lor j
the project from the $4,0(M>.CCO,000
works fund.
MOTHER GIVEN LIFE
Mrs. Beller Sentenced in Poison
ing of 14-Year-Old.
LEWISBURG, W. Va„ August 10
(A>).—Circuit Judge Summers H.
Sharp yesterday sentenced Mrs. Con- i
nle Beller, 40, of East Rainelle, to
life imprisonment for the murder of
her 14-year-old stepson Lloyd.
The State charged she gave the boy
poisoned homemade car.dy.
A jury returned a first-degree ver
dict, recommending mercy, making
life imprisonment mandatory for tjie
mother of six children. ^
The boy died last March. Two
brothers, Murel and Paul Beller, also
ate the confection ana became se
riously ill.
Mrs. Beller declared she did not
know the candy contained poison.
ANTI-LONG MEN
SCOFF AT CHARGE
Huey’s Story of “Plot” to
Kill Him Termeti “An
other Bad Dream.”
By th® Associated Press.
Senator Long’s story that some of
his Louisiana enemies had talked over
the idea of killing him in the Senate
drew scoffs today from some other
Louisiana legislators.
Long told the Senate about it yes
terday, reading from what he said was
a transcript, taken down by a sound
recording machine, of three confer
ences of anti-Long men held in New
Orleans July 21 and 22.
Walmsley at Meetinr.
Among others at the first meeting.
Long said, were Mayor T. Semm.es
Walmsley of New Orleans, Representa
tives Montet and Sandlin, both Louis
iana Democrats, and Oscar Whilden,
head of the "Square Deal League" of
that State.
The talk of shooting the Senator,
Long asserted, came at a later session
at which Whilden was present, but
Walmsley and the Representatives
were absent.
When he heard of Long's statement,
Montet said:
"Huey just had another bad dream.
As far as history records, all dicta
tors have feared for their lives, and
even shadows excite their sense of
fear."
At the opening of the first meeting.
Long asserted, the sound-recording de
vice recorded Whilden as saying:
"I am out to murder, kill, bulldoze,
steal or anything else to win this
election."
Talk Is Recorded.
Long said it was at the third con
ference that the talk of killing him
in the Senate was recorded, the rec
ords being made by a brother of his
secretary and another man.
This was the way the conversation
went, according to Long, who said he
was not able to identify the •'voices":
Voice: “I would draw in a lottery
to go out and kill Long.”
Voice: "Single-handed?”
Voice: "Yes. that's the only wav
to do it. • * •"
Voice: "I haven't the slightest doubt
that Roosevelt would pardon any
one who killed Long.”
Voice: "But how could it be done?”
Voice: “The best way would be to
just hang around Washington and
kill him right in the Senate.”
Representative Sandlin said, when
informed of Long’s assertions, “all
who know Long know that he does
not hesitate to slander or vilify any
one from the President down."
Representative Sanders. Democrat
of Louisiana, said: "Whenever Long
sees two or three people talking to
gether he thinks they are plotting to
kill "him.”
In his speech yesterday Long also
charged the administration had
sought to "blackmail" the voters into
defeating the "Long group” in one
instance by stopping a $2,000,000 proj
ect because one of the city sewage
and water board members announced
he was a Long man.
In addition, he asserted the record
ing device disclosed an attempt to
bring pressure against Long men by
means of income tax suits. He told
the Senate that other conversation in
the hotel room was "about how they
are going to use the income tax to
blackmail the people in the State.”
SECURITIES CONTROL
ATTACKED IN SUIT
Oil Royalties Dealer Claims Act
Is Unconstitutional in
Filing Petition.
By the Associated Press.
TULSA, Okla., August 10.—Consti
tutionality of the Federal Securities
Exchange Commission act was at
tacked in a petition filed in United
States District Court here yesterday by
R. S. Crawford, Tulsa oil royalties
dealer.
The suit, which names members and
employes of the commission and At
torney General Cummings as defend
ants, charges that the commission act
unlawfully classifies oil royalties as
securities and regulates trade in royal
ties under that interpretation illegally.
Royalties under the Oklahoma laws
are not securities but real estate in
struments. the petition declares.
The suit alleges that royalties are
undivided interests in oil, gas and
other mineral rights and are not sub
jects of interstate commerce in that
they are part of the land on which
the royalty is sold.
Officers Face Revolt Charge.
SINGAPORE. August 10 OP).—
Fifteen non-commissioned officers of
the Siamese Army are under arrest
awaiting trial in connection with an
attempted revolt, according to reports
from Bangkok today.
The defendants are charged with
“attempting to promote disaffection
in the ranks.”
/
Defies House Committee
Robert W. Lyons Washington representative of 14 chain store systems,
who halted a hearing of the Patman Chain Store Investigating Committee
by refusing to answer questions put to him, is shown above as he was
served with a subpoena by William A. Weber (right), deputy sergeant
at arms of the House, ordering his reappearance before the investigators.
0 J —Wide World Photo.
Will Submit to ^Frozen Death’
Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
Stephen Simkhovitch, 34, writer and scenarist, is shown at the left
signing a contract in Hollywood. Calif, with Dr. Ralph S. Willard, research
chemist, in which he agrees to be frozen solid for a period and then
revived, if possible.
DISPUTE MENACES
.
Chain Store Aide Defies
Committee—McLean
Almost Quits.
Br the Associated Press.
Disagreement over questioning of
witnesses and heated words among
members of the Special House Com- j
mittee investigating "super lobbies’’!
and chain store practices threatened
for a time yesterday to break up the
j hearing.
At one point Representative Mc
, Lean, Republican, of New Jersey
I threatened to resign from the com
| mittee unless Chairman Patman
changed his method of conducting the
! inquiry.
Patman had to dismiss the witness,
; Robert W. Lyons, Washington repre
sentative of 14 large chain store sys
tems. until the committee in executive
session could smooth over somewhat
ruffled tempers.
Letter of Printing Opposed.
The trouble arose first over a sug
gestion by Patman that correspond
ence taken from Lyons’ files be printed
for confidential use of the committee
t and that Lyons be given a copy and
called back to be asked about it
i later on.
There was another dispute about
j the introduction of material from the
same files which some committee
members said might be interpreted
i unjustly to mean that the Governor
; and other high officials of Texas had
i been influenced by chain store lobby
* ists.
Lyons protested every step of the
way against the material’s going into
the record and hinted once that he
might take the matter into the courts.
Admits Hiring Lawyers.
Earlier he had declined to answer
questions without being subpoenaed.
Nor would he go into details as to
whether he paid lawyers in Texas,
New Mexico and other States to fight
legislation distasteful to the chains.
Later, however, he said he had hired
men to oppose what he considered un
just legislation.
When McLean objected to Patman's
manner of asking questions and
threatened to resign, Patman snapped
back: “If he wants to resign it's all
right with me.”
He said he merely wanted to pick
out information that would show at
tempts in six States, which he did not
name, to block legislation, or, if that
was unsuccessful, to put it in uncon
stitutional form.
Lyons had told the committee he
would not hesitate to attempt to
amend a measure so that it would be
unconstitutional if he considered it
inequitable and unconscionable and
that he considered such procedure
“perfectly ethical.”
_.__
WORKER IS KILLED
IN WIRE ACCIDENT
Airbrake Inspector Fatally In
jured in Touching High
Tension Line.
Bert Hyanes, 62, of Baltimore, an
airbrake inspector, was fatally in
jured late yesterday when he came
in contact with a high-tension wire
while at work at Union Station.
An employe of the New York Air
brake Co., Hyanes scraped a wire
carrying 6,000 volts as he was mak
ing his way across car tops to a loco
motive tender. The shock threw him
to the ground.
At Emergency Hospital he was found
to have extensive body bums and a
probable skull fracture. He died sev
eral hours after the accident.
The coroner’s office, the homicide
squad and Washington Terminal Co.
officials are conducting an investiga
tion.
Hyanes is survived by his widow,
Mrs. ArchibeU Hyanes.
Canada Gets Convention.
ONTARIO, Calif., August 10 OP).—
Concluding Its twenty-seventh tri
ennial convention, the Mennonite
Church of America voted yesterday
to hold the 1938 sessions in Canada,
the date and place to be determined
by the Canadian conference.
To Buy More U. S. Cotton.
PRAHA, Czechslovakia, August '0
(A*).—The government has indicated
it would counter an Egyptian tariff
increase on Czech enamelware by buy
ing less cotton from Egypt and more
from t£e United States.
NINE DIE OE NEAT;
RELIEMN SIGHT
Five Convicts Victims in
Louisiana Hay Field.
Two Die in Texas.
By the Associated Press.
Parched Middle America found re
j lief in scattered areas today after in
j tense and widespread suffering.
Nine lay dead from heat. Five of
them were Negro convicts who suc
j cumbed in an Angola, La., prison hay
; field, where It was 104 in the shade.
Two persons, one of them J. T.
Leonard. 87-year-old Gainesville pub
i lisher, died in Texas.
I Two Californians died as Los An
j geles broiled in intense sunshine.
But while temperatures rose to new
| high levels In many Kansas, Okla
homa and Texas points, areas to the
I north felt the cool touch of wind
borne rains.
At least five persons were injured
in sudden storms in Iowa that brought
temperatures down from the State's
seasonal high. 106 degrees at Shenan
doah. to the 80s.
A Tri-State Fair band at Burlington
tried to play to quiet a frightened
throng, but had to give up when the
wind blew the sweet music away.
More rains and cooling breezes were
J expected in various portions of the
| Middle West today.
From the Pacific Coast eastward the
Nation felt scorching sunrays yester
day. It was 98 at Los Angeles. San
Bernardino, inland, reported 107 de
grees and several points had 106 de
grees maximum.
A temperature of 112 degrees was
recorded at Vanita, Okla.. and it was
j 110 at Tulsa, at Longview, Tex., and
! Neodesha, Kans. Scores of Texas.
Oklahoma and Kansas towns reported
, temperature well above 100 degrees.
Ethiopia
(Continued From First Page)
send-off from hundreds of other na
tives, who were reported eagerly en
rolling in the East African service.
At the same time a government
spokesman denied reports from Athens
that the Island of Rhodes had been
made a hospital camp for soldiers re
turning from the East African colo
nies.
Indicative of the efforts Italy is
making r« safeguard the welfare of
its soldiers and workmen in East
Africa, the official gazette also pub
lished a royal decree ordering employ
ers to provide insurance for the work
ers. The insurance will compensate
them il they fall ill of malaria or
other tropical disease or otherwise
suffer iny ill effects from their stay
in the colonies.
A government spokesman “empha
sized the inaccuracy” of reports abroad
that Italy had converted ships bought
for scrapping into East African trans
port vessels. Such an act would be In
violation of the purchasing contracts.
It was officially announced that
Baron Pompeo Aloisi, head of the Ital
ian delegation during the recent nego
tiations at Geneva, would lead Italy’s
representatives at the tri-power con
ference In Paris next week. An im
pression was prevalent that the ses
sions—looked upon as mere conversa- j
tlons—with France and Great Britain
would be no more conclusive than
those at Geneva.
PRISONERS RENTED
Neighboring County Offers to Aid
Treasury in Return for Work.
LITTLE ROCK, Ark., August 10 (/P).
—Arkansas County judges, several of
whom have announced that lack of
funds would cause them to hang
"closed” signs on their jail doors, were
invited to send their able-bodied pris
oners to Pulaski County today.
Pulaski County Judge R. A. Cook
announced that he has sufficient funds
to feed, clothe and give medical care
to 50 additional prisoners In exchange
for their services on county roads and
a rock crusher.
DRINKS MAY BE SERVED
New York Theater Audiences
May Also Get Smokes.
NEW YORK. August 10
Cocktails and possibly smoking may
soon be permitted lor audiences at
New York's legitimate theaters.
A campaign toward that objective
has been launched by Mayor F. H.
Laguardia's Municipal Art Committee,
the League of New York Theaters and
£tie Actors’ Equity Association. a
GUFFEY BILL VOTE
NEXT WEEK SLATED
Favorable House Commit
tee Report Held Certain.
Senate to Get Chance.
Br the Associated Press.
House passage next week of the
Guffey bituminous coal stabilization
bill was the goal set today by admin
istration leaders.
They were convinced that they had
the votes necessary to get the meaAre
out of the Ways and Means Commit
tee Monday with a favorable recom
mendation. The Senate has yet to
act on the legislation—a "must” bill
cn the President’s calendar.
The Guffey bill would set up a lit
tle "N. R. A.” within the bituminous
coal industry. A national coal com
mission would be created to regulate
wages, hours, production and trad
practices. Regulations would be en
forced through a tax on producers,
most of which would be returned to
those who signed up to observe them.
Wav Being Cleared.
House leaders conferred yesterday
with Senate chiefs and were told that
the Senate would have the opportu
nity to act on the measure before ad
journment, possibly late next week
or the first of the following week.
Considerable opposition to the bill
has been expressed in the House as
a whole. However, a poll was re
ported to have shown a small ma
jority in favor of it.
Houghton Probes Outlook.
To make sure they were not work
ing for nothing, committee Democrats
sent a special subcommittee over to
talk with Senate leaders about what
would happen to the bill there. Sub
sequently, Chairman Doughton of the
House committee reported the Senate
situation ‘'satisfactory.”
House supporters of the measure
decided they would have little addi
tional difficulty in getting the bill out
of the committee. Some went to far
as to predict the committee vote would
be better than the indicated 14 to 11.
70 BOYS WILL LEAVE
FOR CAMP ON MONDAY
The last contingent of 70 boys leav
ing this season for Camp Reeder, most
of them guests of the Rotary and Op
timist Clubs and Junior Board of
Commerce, will leave from the Boys’
Club of Washington, 230 C street,
Monday at 9:30 a.m.
President Roland Whitehurst of
Rotary, Henry Scheffert. past presi
dent of Optimist International, and
Corcoran Thom, jr.. Junior Board of
Commerce president, will be on hand
for the farewell, it was said.
August 26 will be the last day of the
camp's twelfth season.
THE WEATHER
j District of Columbia—Partly cloudy,
' probably followed by local showers
late tonight or tomorrow: warmer to
i night; gentle to moderate southwest
, winds.
I Maryland—Partly cloudy, probably
local showers in east portion tomor
row and in west portion tonight and
tomorrow; slightly warmer tonight.
Virginia—Partly cloudy, possibly
followed by local showers tcmorrow
and in northwest portion late tonight;
slightly warmer in central and north
, west portions tonight.
West Virginia — Local showers,
slightly warmer in extreme east por
tion tonight: tomorrow partly cloudy.
River Report.
Potomac River slightly muddy and
1 Shenandoah little cloudy today.
Tidy Tables.
\ 'Furnished by United States Coast and
Geodetic Survey.)
i . . Today. Tomorrow
Hish- 3:5rt a m. 4:53 a.m.
Low -11:00 am. 11:57 am.
High- 4:19 pm. 5:18 p.m.
Low -10:43 pm. 11:51pm.
The Sun and Moon.
_ . Rises. Sets.
Sun. today_5:16 7 11
Sun tomorrow_5:16 7:08
Moon, today_4:16 pm. 12:33 a m.
Automobile lights must be turned on
one-halt hour after sunset.
Precipitation.
Monthly precipitation in inches In the
Capital (current month to date::
Month. 1935. Average. Reoord.
January__ 5.27 3.55 7.09 '8?
February_ 2.37 3.27 6 84 '84
March_ 3.39 3.75 8.84 '91
April_ 3.95 3.27 9.13 '89
May_ 3.54 3.70 10.69 ’89
June_ 3.43 4.13 10.94 '00
July _ 2.25 4.71 10.63 '86
August _ 0.72 4 01 14 41 ’28
September_ 3.24 17 45 '34
October__ 2.84 8.57 ’85
November__ __ 2.37 8 69 '89
December__ 3.32 7.50 ’01
Report for Last 21 Hours.
Temp. Baro. Temn Baro
Deg. Ins. Deg. Ins.
Yesterday Today.
4 pm. __ 80 30 07 4 am._ 70 30 08
8 p m._ 76 30.08 8 a m. __ 7'i 30 11
Midnight. 71 30.08 Noon_ 71) 30 08
Record for Last 21 Hours.
'From noon yesterday to noon today '
Highest. 82. »t 3 p m, yesterday. Yrar
ago. PO.
Lowest. 6P. at 3.30 a m. today. Year
ago. 74.
Record Temperatures This Year.
Highest. 98. on Jul.v 29.
Lowest. —2. on January 28.
Humidity for Last 24 Hours.
(From noon yesterday to noon today.)
Highest. 7H per cent. »t ? a m. today.
Lowest. 40 Der rent, at ;i p m. yesterday.
Weather In Various Cities.
— teTemperatureuti s
5 S P - g
Stations. 9 « S 5.
t ! ! =3
I Abilene. Tex_29.94 102 76_Clear
Albany. N. Y_30.08 84 66_Cloudy
Atlanta. G(*._30.04 84 72 __ Cloucy
Atlantic City . 30.12 78 64_Clear
Baltimore. Md. 30.12 82 68 _Clear
Birmingham . 30.00 102 78 _Clear
Bismarck. N. D_ 29.98 84 54_Clear
Boston. Mass.. 30.10 76 62 _ Clear
Buffalo. N. Y_. 29.98 82 68 _ Cloudy
Charleston. S C- 30.06 SO 74_ Clear
Chicago. Ill_29 98 84 70 0.28 Cloudy
Cincinnati. Ohio 30.00 88 70 _Cloudy
Cleveland. Ohio 30.00 70 70 _Rain
Columbia. S C. 30.08 84 74 _Cloudy
Denver. Colo_ 30.12 88 64 _Clear
Detroit. Mich.. 29.94 82 68 0.48 Rain
El Paso. Tex_29.98 94 72 _Clear
Galveston. Tex- 29.96 98 8o_Cloudy
Helena, Mont— 29.86 93 63 ... Clear
Huron. S. Dak. 30.04 94 BO ... Clear
Indianapolis — 29.08 93 72 -.. Cloudy
Jacksonville __ ;<o.<>4 9o ^4 0.06 Cloudy
Kansas City_29.96 104 78 _Cloudy
Log Angeles_ 29.90 98 78 ... Cloudy
Louisville. Ky— 30.00 92 74 ... Clear
Miami. Fla_30.08 88 78 _Clear
Minneapolis_29.92 88 72 _Clear
New Orleans_20.96 92 80 _Clear
New York N Y. 30.13 83 66 _Clear
Oklahoma City- 30.00 104 78_Cloudy
Omaha. Nebr_. 30.00 102 70 _Clear
Philadelphia 30.13 84 66 _clear
Phoenix. Aria-- 29.88 104 82 _Clear
Pittsburgh. Pa- 30.02 82 66 _ Cloudy
Portland. Me.. 30.10 78 62 _Clear
Portland. Oreg. 30.18 86 54 ... Clear
Raleigh, N. C- 30.10 82 64 ... Clear
Salt Lake City. 29.94 98 66 _Clear
San Antonio_29.94 98 76 ... Clear
San Diego. Cal - 29.88 86 74 _Cloudy
San Francisco-. 29.94 66 50 _Clear
St. Louis. Mo. 30.00 94 76 _Cloudy
Seattle. Wash— 30.12 82 54 ... Rain
Spokane. Wash. 29.88 94 64 _ clear
Tampa. Fla_30.08 90 72 _Clear
WASH . D. C_30.10 82 69_Clear
FOREIGN
17 a.m. Greenwich time today.)
London. England_ 58 Cloudy
Paris, France_ HI Cloudy
Berlin. Germany_ 66 Cloudy
Brest. France_ 57 Clrrr
Stockholm. Sweden_ 64 Cloudy
Gibraltar. Spain- 77 Cloudy
(Noon. Oreenwich time today >
Horta (Fayal) Azores-. 78 Cloud*
(Current observations.)
St. Georges. Bermuda —_ 74 Bala
San Juan. Puerto Rico.. 78 cloudy
Havana Cuba- 78 Cloudy
Colon. Canal Zone- 78 Clear'

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