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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 04, 1935, Image 2

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SIMONDS TO OPEN
Program for 1935-36 Will
Include Mills, Ludwig,
Hutchins, Durant.
Town Hall of Washington, which
successfully presented a series of 20
fmum addresses last season, will open
Its second series of lectures and panel
discussions at the Shoretiam Hotel on
the night of November 24.
Frank H. Simonds. well known
newspaper correspondent and authority
on foreign affairs, will be the speaker
at the opening session and will dis
cuss the current situation abroad. A
panel to question Simonds after his
formal address is being selected and
will be announced before the meeting.
Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt, one of
the original sponsors of the Town Hall
here, has agreed to lead one of the
discussions in February. She will dis
cuss "Should Women Be Allowed to
Work?”
Schedule Not Completed.
Although the entire schedule of
speakers, who will appear on succes
sive Sunday nights, has not yet been
romplrted, arrangements have been
made for the appearance of Ogden L.
Mills, Sir Norman Angell. Felix Mot
ley. Emil Ludwig. Andre Siegfried,
President Robert Hutchins of the Uni
versity of Chicago, and Will Durant.
The program will be completed by
the engagement of other distinguished
public men. authors, lecturers and ed
ucators. and a complete prot| am prob
ably will be announced before the
opening session.
Dr. John W. Studebaker. United
States commissioner of education and
chairman of the Town Hall's Execu
tive Committee, congratulated both
its organizers and the public of the
Capital upon the success of the first
season and the bright outlook for this
year.
Specialized Forum.
"Where," he asked, "could such a
public forum be placed more appro
priately than in the Nation's Capital?
Washingtonians have a public forum
on current affairs going on for many
weeks every year in the legislative
hails on the Hill. A large number
of the residents are directly con
nected with public service and
gratuitously lead their friends and
neighbors in discussions at dinners,
teas and evening gatherings of all
sorts. Still. I think that even in ‘the
city of continuous talking' the great
mass of the people can benefit from
organized, well-managed forums. Our
Town Hall gives to Washington &
very specialized kind of forum, be
cause Washington is a very specialized
kind of community."
Dr. Studebaker presided at most of
the forum discussions held last sea
son and will again preside this year.
Dr. George F. Bovverman, city
librarian, will repeat this year the
compilation of a weekly reading list
to accompany the Town Hall speaker's
topic.
Governed by Board.
The Town Hall Is governed bv a
Board of Trustees composed of Huston
Thompson, president; Newbold Noyes,
vice president; Admiral Mark Bristol,
Treasurer; Mrs. Richard V. Oulahan,
secretary: Dean Acheson. Frank S.
Bright. Grace Roper Bohn, Mrs.
Albert Dean. Mrs. Preston Delano,
George V. Denny, jr.: Frederick R.
Gibbs. Mrs. J. Borden Harriman,
Demarest Lloyd, Canon Albert H.
Lucas. Felix Morley. Dr. Harold G.
Moulton. Robert Lincoln O'Brien. Mrs.
Mary Roberts Rinehart, Mrs. Frank
Hiram Snell, William T. Stone. Dr.
Studebakcr. Mrs. Hugh Campbell
Wallace. Wayne C. Williams and Dr.
George F. Zook.
Included In the list of sponsors are
Mrs. Roosevelt, Mrs. Louis D. Bran
tieis, Mrs. Owen Roberts. Secretary
end Mrs. Hull. Secretary Ickes, Sec
retary and Mrs. Wallace, Secretary
and Mrs. Roper. Senator and Mrs.
Joseph T. Robinson. Senator and Mrs.
Charles L. McNary. Senator and Mrs.
Edward P. Costigan. Senator Millard
E. Tvdings. Representative and Mrs.
Robert Low Bacon, Gen. John J.
Pershing, John Dickinson, Mrs. Nellie
Tayloe Ross. Dr. Leo S. Rowe, Rev. Dr.
Edmund A. Walsh.
Mrs. Truxton Beale, Mr. and Mrs.
Clifford K. Berryman. Mr. and Mrs.
Robert Woods Bliss, Oscar L. Chap
man, Col. Oscar Crosby, Mr. and Mrs.
Clarence Phelps Dodge, Mrs. John
Allan Dougherty, Mr. and Mrs. Wil
liam Phelps Eno. Mr. and Mrs. J. Fred
Essary, Mrs. William Corcoran Eustls,
Judge and Mrs. D Lawrence Groner,
Miss Belle Gurnee. Frederick C. Howe.
Mrs. Frederic Keep. Miss Ellen La
Motte. Maj. and Mrs. Henrv Leonard
Mr. and Mrs. G. Gould Lincoln,
Mrs. William Beverly Mason, Mr. and
Mrs. Lowell Mellett. Mr. and Mrs.
Eugene Meyer, Mr. and Mrs. Arthur
Newmyer, Mrs. Eleanor Medill Patter
son, Mr. and Mrs.' Duncan Phillips,
Col. and Mrs. E. Alexander Powell,
Miss Janet Richards. Mr. and Mrs!
Percival Ridsdale. Mrs. Henry C.
Rowland, Dr. and Mrs. James Brown
Bcott, Mr. and Mrs. Frank H. Simonds,
Mr. and Mrs. Lothrop Stoddard. Mr!
find Mrs. Elliott Thurston. Mrs. Frank
West. Mrs. Haney W. Wiley, Paul
Wilstaek and Mrs. Hamilton Wright.
---.
LEAGUE OFFICIAL DIES
Transit Section Head Indirectly
Victim of African War.
GENEVA, November 4 <;Pi.—Robert
Haas of France, director of the League
®f Nations transit section, died today,
Indirectly a victim, physicians said!
ef the Italo-Ethiopian war.
Haas succumbed to heart disease,
precipitated by overwork during the
League's consideration of the war
Question. Haas was in charge of the
League wireless service, which dally
transmitted to the world all the de
cisions of the League.
Trapper Completes
Trek by Dog Team
To Man He Wounded
EDMONTON. Alberta. Novem
ber 4 (/Pi.—Otto Schmid yester
day completed a 70-mile dog
team and pack horse dash into
the bushlands north of White
court. Alberta, to bring out Eric
Moeller, fellow trapper, whom he
had shot and wounded.
An ambulance last night was
fighting snow-covered roads from
Edmonton to get Moeller and
bring him here for hospital
treatment.
Meager reports received here
said Schmid had made the Si
mile trip over a snow-fllled trail
to Moeller's lonely cabin end the
return trip to Whitecourt al
though almost exhausted ’from
cold and lack of sleep.
What’s What
Behind News
In Capital
Hyde Park Conference
Shows President as
Country Squire.
BY PAUL MALLON.
HYDE PARK, N. Y„ November 3.—
An inner view of President Roose
velt's Hyde Park press conferences Is
generally available only to the few
correspondents who regularly ac
company him from Washington. The
conferences are small, more intimate,
affording a better close-up of the man
and his method of contact with the
public.
Eight men and one woman com
prise the public contact delegation
this trip. They file into the presi
dential office. It is a 12-by-lO
cubbyhole about one-twentieth the
size of his Washington work room.
The approach is direct from the
driveway, preventing any view of
the interior of the mansion.
President Roosevelt is seated at a
small mahogany desk next to the
only window, which looks out upon an
uninspiring driveway entrance. Call
■ ers wonder why he did not choose a
; large room on the other side of the
house, commanding a magnificent
view of the Hudson, Instead of this ex
servants' pantry.
He Felt the Quake.
The President permits no such won
dering. He speaks at once to the
callers as they come through the door.
He doubts that they were all abed
when the earthquake occurred at 1
o'clock that morning. He implies also
that some of them may not have been
able to feel the shock at that late
hour after an evening of tap-room
relaxation. In similar vein, they ask
if he felt it.
Mr. Roosevelt recalls it very defi
nitely. It awakened him. He realized
at once what it was. How long did it
last? About 15 seconds. How did
I •
he know it was an earthquake? He
remembered one as a child. Was
, there any noise? No. but the sidewise
movement of the house permitted him
| to recognize it. The secret service
men scurried around the yard, light*
| ing the lights. No damage? No dam
age.
Behind this close reportorial cross
i examination apparently was the fact
j that all the callers had compar|d ex
periences earlier and found that none
knew there had been an earthquake,
although few of them were asleep and
all were within 6 miles of Hyde Park
at the time.
That Vacation Sailflsh.
Did the President act on that Mon
' tana earthquake request? Yes. he
had sent word to the Army, Red Cross
. and Relief Administration to co
operate.
What are those pictures on his
desk? The 134-pound sailflsh he
caught on his trip. Some of them
show the fish frozen in ice. (Pic
tures are handed around.) Gus
this bodyguard) caught one 16
pounds heavier, hut it was not in
very good condition. Also Gus’
catch was ruled out because he
got a muscle cramp in his arm
while playing it. (Laughter.) Wo*
that a record.? No, the President
thinks the record catch was 36
pounds heavier than his.
Is there any news at all? No. this
is a negative day. The three mus
keteers. a trio of newsmen who accom
| panied him on the Panama trip, got
I used to negative days and did not
even try to concoct any news.
(Laughter.) Ls he having any visitors?
(The reply was a negative shake of
the head.)
, He saw in the papers a suggestion
I that he was at Hyde Park to direct
f New York political strategy for Tues
day's election. (Laughter.) Who
wrote that story? (All present deny
it. Blame ls finally attached to an
unidentified headline writer, 75 miles
away.)
State Department Silent.
The woman reporter asks how the
President observed Halloween. He
l went to bed. Does he have any plans
which would make a story? Well, he
is going on a family picnic after
church Sunday. Anything on Europe?
Not a peep has come to him from the
State Department since he left.
One reporter observes that the
President must have had a hair
cut. Yes, the barber worked on
him the other day. iThere is some
personal banter, off the record,
about the haircut. I
A reporter says the biggest news of
the day was the fact that the presi
dential secretary. Steve Early, lost <3
to a newspaper man playing golf.
The President is astounded at such a
misadventure, doubts its accuracy. Mr.
Early explains that the news man
claimed a handicap of 125 strokes and
then shot 21 under his handicap.
That's All for Day.
The t.wo Irish setters, Jack and
Jill, stroll In. sniff the callers suspi
ciously. remain to be petted. News
men ask IT there is anything else.
Nothing. They withdraw to await the
next direct presidential contact a few
days hence.
On the way back to town some
hard-boiled veterans among the
correspondents begin to ask each,
other why they were insensitive to
earthquakes. They decide the
President must be earthquake
conscious. One threatens to let m
note of doubt creep into his ac
count. A few half suspect the
President may have been fooling,
that he dreamed it, or read it in
the morning papers.
Half an hour later it develops that
the President, after all, is going to
have one caller that day—Federal
Judge Mack of New York. The ion
of Judge Mack is running for the
Assembly In this district, with the
election only a few days off. Fur
■*>»**T
thermore, ion “Boy” Mack, as they
call him locally. Is the latest Demo
cratic figure around whom Mr. Roose
velt's friends have been trying to
cluster a Democratic organisation in
oltra - conservative, mltra - Republican
SETTLED By FIRM
National Distillers Resumes
Advertising, Ending “Mis
understanding.”
By th# Associated Pres*.
NEW YORK, November 4.—The
National Distillers Products' Corp, an
nounced today it has resumed all Ohio
newspaper advertising withdrawn last
week, stating a "misunderstanding"
there since has been cleared up.
The statement, which was not amp
lified, read:
"The National Distillers Products’
Corp. has resumed all Ohio newspaper
advertising which was withdrawn a
few days ago, due to a misunderstand
ing since cleared up.”
The firm said Saturday it had with
drawn its advertising after being asked
to cancel advertising in a certain
group of newspapers In Ohio.
Advertising Stopped.
After declining the request, the
company was Informed its brands
would be withdrawn from sale in the
State and subsequently ceased adver
tising them in all newspafters of Ohio.
Dr. James M. Doran, director of the
Distilled Spirits Institute. Washington,
said then that he was informed the
I request to the corporation had come
from the Ohio State liquor monopoly,
which was engaged in a controversy
with the Scripps-Howard newspapers
at the time.
Statement Withheld.
Schenley Distillers Corp.. named as
one of three firms ceasing to advertise
in Ohio due to the ‘ misunderstand
ing," had no statement immediately.
D. M, Davies, advertising manager
of Seagram's Distillers Corp.. the third
firm, said his company had been
named incorrectly and never had with
drawn Its advertising.
All three distillers declined to com
ment on reports current that a political
controversy in Ohio had precipitated
the advertising situation.
MISQUOTED. OFFICIAL SAYS.
Liquor Heads Says He didn't Mention
Advertising.
COLUMBUS. Ohio, November 4
(A5!.—James Miller, director of the
Ohio State Liquor Department, as
serted today He had been misquoted
by "an agent for National Distillers
• Corp)” who, he said, quoted the
director as saying "his company
would get no business if they ad
vertised in the Scripps-Howard chain
of newspapers.’’
THOUSANDS ATTEND
TWO AUTO SHOWS
8,300 See Calvert Hall Exhibi
tion—Many Other* at
Mayflower.
More than 8.300 Washingtonians paid
a week end visit to the early showing
of the 1936 automobiles at the two
exhibitions at the Calvert Exhibition
Hall and the Mayflower Hotel.
The show of the Washington Auto
motive Trade Association Is being
staged at 2701 Calvert street, opposite
the Shoreham Hotel, while General
Motors Is staging a separate exhibit of
six cars at the Mayflower.
The Calvert street show la open from
11 a m. to 11 p m., while the May
flower exhibit- will remain open from
9 a m. to 11 p.m Both shows will
run throughout the week, to close
Saturday night.
For the mechanical minded, several
dealers are displaying cutaway chassis
at the Calvert street show, while scores
of guessers gather at the turning
wheel to try to figure out the number
of revolutions It makes In a day.
More than 5,000 persons viewed the
Calvert street show Saturday, while
3.300 turned out yesterday. No esti
mate has been given of the number of
persons viewing the General Motors
exhibit at the Mayflower, and no ac
curate check can be made because no
■ admission fee is charged. There is a
nominal fee at the Calvert street show.
— ■ ■ ■■*
WHITE HOUSE COACH
| DRIVER DEAD AT 63
Colored Coachman for Theodore
Roosevelt Was Later Treas
ury Messenger.
The colored coachman who drove
the White House carriage for Presi
dent Theodore Roosevelt and later
served as messenger for five Secre
taries of the Treasury. Julius Wheeler,
63. died yesterday at his home in
Brentwood, Md.
Wheeler came to the Treasury De
partment from the White House after
serving Theodore Roosevelt as coach
man on the White House carriage.
He was personal messenger to Secre
taries MacVeagh, McAdoo. Glass.
Houston and Mellon. As such he was
known by many national characters
during that period of the Nation's
history.
The funeral will be held from Mount
Zion A. M. X. Church Wednesday at
2 p.m.
Wheeler was former mayor of Brent
wood and for some time was chief
messenger at the Treasury. He re
tired from Government service about
two years ago.
Britain Shift* Warships.
GIBRALTAR. November 4 (£").—
The battleship Ramillies arrived here
today from England to replace her
sister ship, the Resolution, in Great
Britain's reinforced Mediterranean
fleet.
Dutchess County. The race Is said to
be so close that 200 votes will decide it.
Maybe Copyreader Wasn’t Foolish.
Thus are more doubts engendered
that the headline writer, who antici
pated that Mr. Roosevelt would exert
some local political leadership, is as
foolish as he was suspected of being.
A station wagon drives up to the
front door as the callers leave.
Out of it steps, not a maid or a
gardener, but the President’s
mother, Mrs. Sarah Roosevelt.
Friends explain she often prefers
the station wagon to the numerous
White House limousines and her
oum big car.
The First Lady is away in Chicago,
the children are all at school. The
gardener on the front lawn has not
looked up from raking the damp Au
tumn leaves at any of the comings
or goings. The visitors all leave. Ru
ral peace returns to Hyde Park and
its Squire. At least It did for the
rest of that day—as tar as any one
was able to leant
GAG OF BAD SEEK
Liberty League Opinion Is
Traced to Silencing of
Law Associations.
by david Lawrence.
Only 12 months from this week
there will be a presidential and con
gressional election of unparalleled im
portance to the history of this country
—but not because the choice will be
made then between parties or between
candidates, but because the choice will
really be made between opposite phi
losophies of government.
Today the impression that America
is approaching a genuine crisis In Its
constitutional system is “pooh-poohed"
by those New Dealers who wish
naturally to minimize the importance
of “usurpation of power” by Congress
and the Executive, so as not to awaken
an unsuspecting electorate, and It Is
perhaps correspondingly ‘exaggerated
or misrepresented by those Republican
reactionaries who wish to derive a
political benefit from the controversy.
The depth of feeling, the tension,
the emotion will grow. It is beginning
already to reveal cleavages almost as
Intense as those which divided the
Nation before 1861. although present
day Issues are not the same either
geographically or sentimentally.
Light Cast on Situation.
Thus correspondent has Just learned,
for Instance, of the situation inside an
organization as potent heretofore in
the life of the country as the Ameri
can Bar Association, and the incidents
therein threw a good deal of light on
why today the National Lawyers’
Committee of the American Liberty
League is at the center of a discussion
which is attracting Naition-wide at
tention.
A few weeks ago it was suggested
In one of these dispatches that the
48 lawyers who had wished to express
themselves on the constitutionality of
some of the New Deal legislation
should have spoken through com
mittees of national or State bar as
sociations and should not have chosen
as their vehicle for expression an or
ganization like the American Liberty
League, which. Justly or unjustly, has
became associated in the public mind
with party politics because of the
prominent part that Messrs. Raskob
and Shouse took in Democratic party
campaigns arid conventions.
But it develops that New Deal In
fluence or Intimidation have laid a
■ virtual censorship on the American
Bar Association, which apparently has
1 reversed Its historic policy of ex
! pressing opinions on pending legisla
| tion or existing statutes. This lnten
| tion probably will be denied. But
! it is Interesting to note that more
than a year ago. George L. Buist, a
life-long Democrat, who lias been
practicing law in that citadel of
old-fashioned democracy—Charleston.
S. C— proposed and the American
Bar. Association. In convention as
sembled. adopted a resolution which
provided for the appointment of a
committee of members to study and
report opinions on national legislation
affecting the constitutional rights of
American citizens.
Administration Effects Gag.
Spokesmen for the administration
were so strong in their denunciation
, of this move, on the ground that it
‘ was politically partisan, that the
American Bar Association in effect
I was challenged to speak If it dared,
i Not only this, but prominent New
Deal lawyers In different parts of the
| country resigned and lawyers con
j nected with the Roosevelt admini
stration began to file protests against
any public expression by the Ameri
can Bar Association or any of Its
committees on the matter of recent
legislation.
The result has been as ihe New Deal
wished—there has been no public re
port criticising the constitutional fea
tures of the new legislation and there
probably will not be any.
The American Bar Association lead
ers feel that the Issue may tend to
disrupt their organization. They prob
ably will follow the line of least re
sistance and seek to keep out of the
controversy.
But can they? Only last week some
New Deal lawyers in Massachusetts
openly announced their intention of
pressing for action on the protest filed
by a Georgia lawyer who thought the
ethics of the group, known as the
National Lawyers' Committee of the
j American Liberty league. should be
I r. ade a matter of Bar Association In
vestigation.
1861 Situation Arise*.
Before 1861 bar associations and
other national organizations found
themselve* In somewhat the same
r andary, but principles and convic
tions were then far more important
to the respective contenders than the
continuance of the organizations
themselves. The American Bar As
sociation faces the same fundamental
question today because, if it lifts its
hand to silence the Liberty League
group of lawyers and offers through
its own organization no vehicle for
public expression, there can hardly
be any justification for its effort to
represent further the members of a
profession who have taken an oath
to uphold the Constitution of the
United States.
For many years the American Bar
Association has expressed Itself freely
on the merits of pending legislation.
It la fresh in the recollection of Wash
ington correspondents how the prohi
bition issue was debated year after
year by the American Bar Association
committees and finally resolutions
were adopted that deplored prohibi
tion. Again and again the Bar Asso
ciation has properly tried to keep
Itself out of political and economic
contr wersies. But if there Is one kind
of problem on which the public would
wish enlightenment it is the question
of obedience to the Constitution, ad
herence to constitutional principles
and the rights of the citizen to be
protected by counsel even if he can
n'i afford the expense himself, in
seeking to preserve his constitutional
rights.
Expert Opinions Lost.
Whatever criticism this writer may
have made of the tactical blunder of
the National Lawyers’ Committee in
connecting themselves with the Amer
ican Liberty League would certainly
be rendered pointless if a group of
lawyers who wish to express them
selves on any aspect of public ques
tion are to be suppressed either by
their own bar association or asked to
limit their comments to any phase
of current problems except the very
one they are most competent to dis
cuss—namely, the constitutional and
judicial.
New Deal lawyers Inside the ad
ministration are very free with their
defensive comments on the new leg
islation and President Roosevelt him
self has gone so far in his press con
ferences as to criticise the Supreme
Court of the United states for Its
N. R. A. decision—something he has
Scene of Milwaukee’s Fatal Blast
The remains of a garage at Milwaukee which police believe served as a storage room for dynamite used in
five bombings. The supply exploded yesterday, killing three persons and injuring 11. The building in the back
ground, with its side blown off. was across the alley. Inset shows Hugh Rutkowski. 20. named by police as the
bomber. He is believed to have been killed in the blast. —Copyright, A. P. Wirephoto.
.•____
Youth Blown to Bits Experi
menting With Explosives.
Girl Also Is Victim.
Bt the Associated Press.
MILWAUKEE. Wis., November 4 —
This city's eight-day reign of bomb
terror was at an end, the police said
! today, with the death of the terrorist
in a terrific explosion that wrecked
the garage in which he was experi
menting.
The dynamite "fiend." Hugh Frank
Rutkowski. 21. was blown to bits and
Patricia Mlvnarek was killed yester
day. The blast also injured her
mother and brother seriously. Ten
others were hurt less dangerously.
Chief of Police J. G. Laubenheimer
described the bomber as "an extreme
: low' type cf Individual with a warped.
| criminal mind!" motivated by a "craze
for vengeance."
Seek Missing Companion.
Detectives searched the debris to
determine whether Paul Chavanek. 19.
missing companion of Rutkowski, met
the same fate.
Rutkowskls police record began
June 21. 1931. It ended yesterday
with a terrific explosion on the South
Side that was heard 7 miles away.
The steel garage In which Rutkowski
: tinkered was leveled, an automobile
was reduced to bits and the roof of
J the building blown several hundred
feet away.
Water and gas mains deep under
ground were cracked by the force of
the explosion which shattered windows
In 'the nearby St. Vincent De Paul
Catholic Church tower.
Damage Set at S75.000.
Property damage was estimated at
$75,000.
The first of the series of blasts
which damaged a suburban court
house, two bank branches and two
police stations, occurred October 26.
Bernard Helminiak, who lives two
doors from the fatal blast, in a state
j ment to the police said that last
! Thursday night, when the police
stations were bombed, a large green
car pulled into the garage with three
"young fellows" in it.
The chief said he was "positive"
Rutkowski made the simple bombs and
was killed while designing an improved
device.
The dynamite found in the debris
and fuses picked up at the sites of
the five other bombings, were identi
fied as part of the loot of 150 sticks
stolen October 3 from the, Estabrook
Park public works project.
L. J. CANTER FUNERAL
HELD IN ST. MARYS
County School Attendance Officer,
65, was Postmaster at Char
lotte Hall.
Special Dispatch to The 8tar.
LEONARDTOWN. Md.. November 4.
—Services for L. Johnson Canter. 65.
attendance officer of St. Mary's
County Public Schools, postmaster of
Charlotte Hall and a member of the
St. Marys County Welfare Board, who
died suddenly Saturday night, were
to be held at 2 p.m. today at All
Faith Episcopal Church, Huntersville.
Burial was to follow in church ceme
tery.
Mr. Canter, a lifelong resident of
the county, was a member of- an old
Southern Maryland family. He was
a graduate of Charlotte Hall Military
Academy and of St. John's College.
He had been identified with public
service and charity work a number of
years.
Mr. Canter was stricken as he at
tended a bazaar at Mechanlcsville.
He died on the porch of the building
as medical aid reached him.
He is survived by his widow, Mrs.
Olive Bunting Canter; a daughter,
Miss Eleanor F. Canter, and a son,
L. Johnson Canter, Jr.„ of Baltimore.
Ex-Soviet Official Sentenced.
KHARKOV, U. S. S. R. November
4 (VP).—M. Karasioff. former chairman
of the Regional Communist Party
Committee of Tashkent, today was
sentenced to death for falsifying party
membership tickets and distributing
them among non-members.
a perfect right to do, even though
people may dlfter as to the value of
his opinions compared to the group of
liberals and conservatives on the Su
preme Court who voted unanimously
against the law he championed.
The solution of the lawyers’ con
troversy Is not suppression but more
discussion, tolerance rather than Intol
erance, exposure of all points of view
to the healthy air of a sensible public
opinion, which is to be the final Judge
of whether we shall continue to have
a written Constitution or some other
form of governing covenant.
*■ (Copyright, 1836.)
Tea file Holds Reforms Require
Experienced Business Brains
Doubts Ability of Professors to Devise
Ecoitomic Solution—Says Planning
Handicapped by Political Shifts.
BY FRED C. KELLY.
Special Dispatch to The Star.
NEW YORK. November 4 (NAN A V !
—In a quest for the viewpoint of out
sianding business leaders. I sought out
Walter C. Teagle. president of the
Standard Oil Co of New Jersey, in the
upper reaches of that incredible sky
scraper at Rockefeller Center.
Teagle. in a somewhat cheerless
office, with almost nothing to relieve
the bare walls—except two small pic
tures of pointers and a large oil paint
ing of John D. Rockefeller, sr , gazing
down benevolently—has the appear- ■
ance of a man who might be directing
big engineering projects out in the
open, rather than one operating from
behind a leather-topped desk.
Tail—6 feet 2 or 3 inches—broad
shouldered. with no waist-line ex- i
cesses, smoking a pipe, he is a little
suggestive of an old-fashioned Richard
Harding Davis or Rex Brach soldier of
fortune. It seemed as if he ought to J
be wearing a flannel shirt.
We talked of unemployment, eco
nomic planning and other social
economic problems.
Heavy Industry lap.
“The unemployment question." said
Teagle. “seems to me basic, in the
sense that it is the most important.'
Everybody capable of being employed
should have a chance to make a living.
I believe employment is now’ nearly
back to normal in the consumer goods
! industries. The big lag is in heavy
! industries and among people who per- j
form services. A pick-up in services
; would follow If heavy industries were
going ahead as rapidly as they would
if they were not afraid.”
“What are they afraid of?’*
“Political uncertainties — devalua- J
tion, exchange restrictions, taxation
policies, various uncertainties that
make people with money to invest wait
to see what is going to happen.”
i “But suppose investors did go
ahead. Wouldn't they invest mainly
| in new plant equipment, in more im
proved machinery that would have
the effect in the long run of reducing
employment?”
Machinery Small Factor.
"I don’t think so. Installation of
! labor-saving machinery would be a
small part of it. New homes are
needed and all manner of industrial
equipment, the replacing of which
would not reduce human work.”
“Still, there was plenty of confi
dence and no holding back in 1929 and
yet everything somehow went to pot.
Wasn't that because something was
fundamentally wrong?”
"Unquestionably we got out of
bounds in the years before 1929. But
it doesn't follow that we can’t hit a
happy balance between going crazy
in one direction and then going crazy
in another.”
"What is the solution?"
“I don't know anybody who has a
complete solution, but it certainly j
won't be a perfect plan from college j
professors without any business ex- I
perlence. We’ll have to work out j
our salvation by slow and perhaps
painful processes. For example, early
in. the depression. President Hoover
called together a number of big em
ployers and it was agreed there would
be no cutting of wages. That ap
peared to be a wise thing to do at
the time. But it actually caused
more unemployment. When business
declined and fewer men were needed
it wpuld have been better to reduce
everybody's pay rather than dismiss
many men entirely.”
Political Aims Shift.
"You don't like the idea of a
planned economy, as proposed by
some of the professors, and yet don't
you do a lot of long-range planning
In your own business?”
"If we, a 'commercial company,
were faced every four or, at most,
every eight years with the certainty
of a new president and new board of
directors who would promptly throw
out most of the key men In the
organization to put in favorites of
their own. often without regard to
their fitness, we could not do much
intelligent long-time planning. There
is no continuity of policy in govern
ment. To illustrate: In the event
that the present administration should
not be returned to power next year,
it Is natural to expect that the type
of planning represented by the Ten
nessee Valley project, Passamaquoddy.
boondoggling and other features of
the New Deal might be greatly cur
tailed or terminated.”
"Do you think business must be
regulated?”
"Yes, I beUeve firmly In regulation,
chiefly by making It mandatory upon
business to submit proper reports.
But I do not believe our set-up Is
such as to permit the encroachment !
of Government Into the field here- ^
of private business without a serious
jar both to the individual and the
Nation. A natural consequence of
the other policy is to destroy business
by unfair regulation or taxes until it
becomes necessary for the Federal
Government to take control in order
that the business may be continued.
The railroads furnish an excellent
example of this. More recently we
seem to have been going in that di
rection as regarps other public utili
ties. notably the power companies."
Surplus Taxing Sound.
"But just how far would you go
in taxing corporations?” I asked.
"Wouldn't it benefit everybody if un
used corporation surpluses were taxed
to a point that would force them to
be spent?"
“Yes, the theory of assessing a
fairly heavy tax on corporation sur
pluses to compel the distribution of
the surpluses to shareholders is sound,
if some way can be found to deter
mine a basis that will not compel
the distribution of surplus actually
required for working capital."
"What else do you advocate re
garding taxation methods?"
"I think the income tax in its
present farm is vicious, because of
the small percentage of income earn
ers who pay any tax. As I recall
it. fewer than 2 per cent of our popu
lation p8v income taxes directly, al
though we have normally between
40.000.000 and 55.000,000 engaged in
industry.**
"If only 2 per cent of the people
pay Income taxes isn't that a proof
of something fundamentally wrong
m our system, when so few have
incomes large enough to be worth
taxing®-'
"There may be injustices in distri
bution of incomes, but my point is
that even a man with only a *500
income should contribute something,
if only enough to make him conscious
of Government burdens.-’
<Copyri»ht IMS. by th* North American
Newspaper Alliance. Inc »
McAdoo Back From Hawaii.
LOS ANGELES. November 4 (A>V—
Senator William Gibbs McAdoo and
his young bride were back home todav
after a honeymoon trip to Hawaii.
The Senator said he had recovered
completely from a recent automobile
accident here. He will return to
Washington in a few days.
--»
Pony Express Eider Dies.
ALTON. Ill. November 4 ur .—Wil
liam Taylor Poster, 85, a pony ex
press rider for three years during
the Civil War. died Sunday at East
Alton. He became a rider at the
age of 12.
Irvin S. Cobb
Says:
’Tis Fitting That Nation
Should Start Memorial
on Rogers’ Birthday.
SANTA MONICA. Calif.. November
3 —Where I sit writing this I ran see
his home across the canyon. There's
still sunlight on the top, but the folds
jin tne iriencny
!hills are turning
| purple.
The most typi
cal humorist since
Marie Tub in, the
moat beloved
commoner since
Abraham Lin
coln. the most
popular private
citizen since Ben
jamin Franklin,
his fame is an
everlasting rock.
Why, then, a
monument of our
own fashioning to one who was a na
tional Institution whilst he lived, who
became a national tradition almdst
before the breath left his body?
Nevertheless it is fitting that on his
birthday this country should launch
this memorial. For to help perpetuate
the bright glory of that name is an
obligation we owe to ourselves—a
testimony of gratitude for a man
amongst us who poured out so freely
the precious gifts of sanity and sweet
ness. generosity and gallantry, a
philosophy that was kindly, a wit that
was salty but never was sour. You
gave us so much, Bill, we’re Just fig
uring on paying a little something
back on account.
Q lOoprnsbt. 1986.) ^
Agriculture Department
Says Consumer Buying
Power Will Be Greater.
By th* Associated Pres*.
Another year of high retail food
prices was indicated for 1936 today
by an Agriculture Department report
predicting continuance of the present
upward trend in farmers' incomes and
of curtailed supplies of several com
modities.
Substantially stronger consumer
buying power, which would make the
price of food less burdensome to
householders, also was forecast, how
ever. The report indicated likewise
that much of the anticipated increase
in farm income would be the product
of improved consumer demand rather
than of higher prices for individual
commodities.
"The demand for farm products In
1936." the department said in its
annual crop outlook, "is likely to be
greater than in 1935 Consumer buy
ing power in the United States is
likely to be increased in 1936; buying
power of consumers in many foreign
countries also Is likely to increase."
Prepared After Parley*.
The outlook report was prepared by
the Bureau of Agricultural Economics
after a week of conferences by field
representatives from all parts of the
country. It discussed prospects for
more than 50 farm products.
While consumer purchasing power
is Increasing because of ‘'improved in
dustrial activity,” the report said,
farmers should guard against large
production increases which would
"tend to check the advance in prices
that might otherwise be expected "
Prediction there would be a surplu
of wheat next year, with a supply
available for export, suggested there
will be little, if any. advance in bread
prices. No price reduction is expected,
however, because of the three-year
series of small wheat crops.
Pork Seen Cheaper.
Pork should be cheaper, according
to the report's forecast of increased
hog production. Tire total 1936 mar
ket supply of all meats, however, will
be "little, if any. greater than this
year," it was stated. Economists ex
plained some time is required for the
more abundant feed and live stock
production to result in larger market
supplies of meat This indicated meat
will continue to be an expensive item.
Relatively short supplies and high
prices of poultry during the remainder
of 1935 and the first half of 1936 were
predicted. While fruit and fresh vege
table yields were declared likely to
increase, the department indicated
there would be a reduction in the
output of truck crops for canning.
The report said the cash income for
farmers probably would be higher this
year than in any year since 1929. with
largest gams in the North Central
States.
RETIRED FARMER DIES
AFTER LONG ILLNESS
Alexander Lowry, 56. of Derwood,
Md., Leaves Widow. 2 Daugh
ters, Father and 2 Sisters.
Specie'. Dispatch to The Star.
DERWOOD. Md. November 4 —
Alexander Lowry. 56. retired farmer
and long-time resident of the county,
died Saturday night at his home here,
following a long illness.
He is survived by his widow. Mr'.
Martha F. Lowry, and two daughters.
Mrs. Harry Magruder of Gaithersburg
and Mrs. William J. Nealis of Der
sood. He also leaves his father, Fred
erick Lowry of Redland: two brothers.
George Lowry of Redland and Luther
Lowry of Virginia, and two sisters.
Mrs. Benjamin Dove and Mrs. Maggie
Hottingcr. both of Derwood.
The funeral will be this afternoon
from the Lutheran Church at Red
land. burial to be in the church ceme
tery.
Jurv
»
(Continued From First Page 1
to pose for a tintype photograph,
which was captioned "Barrels of love '
"They returned to their little bunga
low about midnight, the loving hus
band insisting that his wife ride with
him on his lap. Somewhat later Mr.
and Mrs. Smith concluded to go to
a lunch stand nearby for crab cakes
and beer.
“At the lunch stand Mrs. Smith
showed the barrels-of-love' tintype to
friends they met there, including an
Italian boy who worked for her for
mer husband, Nunry Greco."
Mrs. Smith married her second hus
band in March. 1934. the day after
$he divorced Greco, an Italian barber.
The defense attorney told the jury
today that Smith bitterly resented the
fact that Greco's employe had laughed
at the photograph. ,
Resume Quarrel.
Smith, according to Ryon. renewed
the quarrel after he and his wife re
turned home and had undressed la
their bed room.
"I don't want a wop laughing at
my picture." Smith was quoted aa
asying.
“Don't say wop." Mrs Smith was
alleged to have replied, "because my
son Vincent is half Italian "
"He's a wop, too." the husband was
said to have replied.
Ryon told the jury Smith either
kicked or struck his wife and obtained
a gun from a dresser drawer. He left
the room for a moment and returning,
Ryon said, found his wife kneeling in
prayer for her son. Smith allegedly
overheard his wife say, "I want to die,’*
and thrust the gun into her hands
with the words. "All right, then, go
ahead and kill yourself; I don't want
to go to the electric chair for it."
Gun Goes Off.
Smith allegedly then changed his
mind and advanced toward his wife,
saying he would kill her himself. The
defense attorney said Mrs. Smith
raised her hands in a protective ges
ture and that the Run, which dis
charges by "squeezing pressure." went
off. sending a bullet through Smith s
body.
• The attorney said Mrs. Smith
dropped to the floor beside her hus
band's body and lifted the head into
her lap. But she learned he was be
yond the need of assistance. Ryon
said, and went In bewilderment to the
home of her brother-in-law and sister.
The case is being tried before
Judges Walter Mitchell, Joseph C.
Mattingly and William M. Lokrr*
Attorney Ryon is associated in the
defense with State Senator Lansdj^n
G. Sasscer. ”

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