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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, November 04, 1935, Image 4

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Citizen Attributes Accidents
to “Superiority Complex"
of. Motorists.
Many traffic accidents are attribut
able to a "severe case of superiority
complex” which motorists have ac
quired by assuming certain rights
which they really do not possess, .n
the opinion of Henry Taylor, 31
Franklin street.
In a letter to The Star Safety Coun
cil, Mr, Taylor points out that weak
nesses in the existing traffic regula
tions are due to a failure to take into
account the workings of this complex.
"Judging by their actions.” he ex
plained, "the motorists must think
that every pedestrian that they toot
their horn at should scamper into
clear. The overwhelming advantage
that the motorist has over the pedes- |
trian prevents the pedestrian from
contesting the right of way. and when
the horn is sounded, if it is not too
late, the pedestrian scampers.
redestrian >ot rrotectea.
"When the big truck appears on
the scene the small car is in the same
predicament as the pedestrian and
must surrender the right of way. Right
by might is contrary to any kind of
regulations by law. Most people are
familiar with the scene where a per
son crossing the street becomes be
wildered when a motorist sounds the
horn. The pedestrian stops, goes for
ward or back, then reverses. By this
time the machine either comes to a
stop or moves on, maybe a hit and
maybe not. The law requires that
one motorist signal another motorist
when a stop or turn is made, although
the motorist and the pedestrian have
a right to use the same street space.
No provision is made by law to pro
tect the pedestrian while crossing the
street. The present traffic light sig
nals do not afford the proper protec
tion due to operation of the signal
that permits the pedestrian to cross
the street and at the same time al
lows the machines to make right and
left-hand turns. As between the mo
torist and the pedestrian, it is evident
that no law' is necessary to protect
the motorist, but a law is necessary
to protect the pedestrian. As long as
intelligence is no. a requirement to
secure a driver's permit the life of
the people cannot be left to the mercy
of the motorist. It is not a crime to
stop traffic, but it is a crime to permit
the killing of people. Therefore thegp
should be a law permitting the pedes
trian to stop traffic by a hand signal,
and the hand signal should be as re
strictive as a stop signal can be. The
law that prohibits the blocking of
traffic could be applied and the pedes
trian required to furnish identifica
tion. The right to stop traffic should
be determined after the fact, which
is more desirable than picking up the
crushed remains of a person.
Would Cut Tossing Speed.
“The law requires a machine to keep
a safe distance behind a machine that
is being followed or trailed. The law
requires a machine to slow down at
Intersections, but the law permits a
machine to pass another machine or
street car or a parked car at the maxi
mum speed of 22 miles per hour. I
have seen huge trucks and busses pass
small cars at a greater speed than 20
miles per hour. I have seen the same
class machine squeeze through a space
between a street car and parked cars
just wide enough to accommodate the
machine. I have seen machines wait
ing to make a left-hand turn at light
controlled intersections make a dive at
excessive speed to get across ahead of
opposing traffic. I have seen ma
chines violate the speed law by try
ing to beat the yellow light at inter
sections. There should be a law' to
prohibit a Truck or bus passing any
object on the roadway, whether pe
destrian. parked car. moving car or 1
street car at a greater speed than 12
miles per hour and a smaller car or
passenger car passing the same objects
at a greater speed than 18 miles per
"Parking machines on the street is
a problem for the Individual motorist
to solve. If they want to use the street
for a parking place, then they should
be compelled to reduce speed while
passing the parked cars. If they
want to use the maximum speed al- j
lowed by law, then keep the streets ,
opposes (Caution Light.
“The yellow caution light should
be abolished as a traffic signal. It
lx being used as a proceed signal at
most times and also as a speed signal.
The traffic lights should flash from
green to red and red to green, and
all signals held red for a sufficient
.time to clear the Intersection. This
would force the motorist to approach
an intersection with the machine un
der control, which is what should be.
To prevent the dive for position at
' light-controlled intersections, one of
the lights controlling traffic on the
same street should be set to change
at least flye seconds ahead of the
light controlling traffic in the opposite
direction. To enforce traffic laws
at least one. or as many traffic of
ficers as possible, should assigned
to a section and be compelled to
patrol the street in a conspicuous
way. If patrol cars are used they
should be colored in a manner to
make it possible to distinguish them’
at a distance and red lights should
be placed over the tops at night for
the same purpose. An ounce of pre
vention is still worth a pound of
“As a concluding suggestion, if the
traffic law violation justifies the action,
the officer making the arrest should
compel the motorist that has vio
lated the law to park his car and
his driver's permit should be seized
by the officer and turned into the
Hey,' diddle/diddle,
The man has to fiddle
By the light of the wintry moon—
He’d start right quick
If his oil weren’t thick—
He’d better get Gulflube soon! ■
0^ Chanf notv to
. MOTOM Oil 25/ J OOiMT
Watch far a new Gulf Jingle every ether day “JJpANY
Joins Safety Symphony
Guy Lombardo, orchestra leader now playing at the Fox Theater, is
shown seated at the piano in his dressing room adding his own note to
the safety chorus as he signs a Sfar safe-driving pledge. Richard Morris
of the Treasury Department, friend of Lombardo, who arranged to obtain
the noted director's pledge, is shown with him. —Star Staff Photo.
Sterrett Operating Service, Inc., officials signing The Star safety
Seated Is John A. Sterrett. Left to right, in the rear, are: W. A.
Anderson, H. B. Hart, safety engineer, and Everett C. Scott, vice president.
—Star Staff Photo.
proper authority and. instead of pun
ishing the guilty driver by fines and
imprisonment, the permit to drive
should be suspended for so many days,
or, if the offense is sufficient to
warrant the action, the permit should
be revoked permanently.”
(Continued Prom First Page.)
Securities Exchange Commission, a
new issue of these participating cer
tificates would be put on the market
by underwriters, among whom Dillon
Reed & Co. may figure prominently.
One question of interest here now
is the price at which the participating
certificates would be sold. The regis
tration statement of the North Amer
ican Co. declares that the maximum
price of these certificates would be
not more than $30 each.
On the Washington Stock Exchange
this morning Washington Railway «fe
Electric common stock quotations
were $600 bid and $800 asked.
This $30 is a maximum figure only.
If the company received this amount
for each of its 1.554.925 participating
shares, it would, according to a
theoretical computation, realize a
handsome profit.
The registration statement shows
$27,370,64* in earnings has been
turned back to the Washington Rail
way & Electric by the Potomac Elec
tric Power Co. in the past 10 years
into plant extensions, improvements
and equipment. This gross, it was
pointed out in the financial district
today, is on the basis of a value of
more than $400 a share on the com
mon stock.
How much the North American Co.
paid for its 62.197 shares of common
stock is not known exactly to any
one except company officials. It was
learned, however, in the financial dis
trict today that one block of about
27,000 shares of this stock was pur
Furnace Parts
and Repairs
Including Oil Burnert
For Hot-Air Furnace*
Holland Furnace Co.
1760 Columbia Rd.
Ph. Col. 7272
chased from Washington banks at a
price of around $63 a share.
These shares, if broken down Into
25 participating certificates each, and
the certificates sold for $30 apiece,
would bring the North American Co. a
huge profit. It is known, however, that
North American paid a price much
higher than $63 for much of its Rail
way common stock. Some of it is
known to have been bought for as high
as $600 and other shares probably
higher. Railway stock ranged up to
a maximum of about $1,000 a share
at the peak before the depression.
Further computations in the regis
tration statement based on the
amount of earnings turned back by
the power company into plant showed
retirements of obsolete property taken
j off the books amounted to $6,703,000,
! leaving the net additions around
^ MflT0fe\
(JF Nov. 2nd—9th
9 A.M. to 11 P.M.
You can rely on this company's recommendation of
‘blue coal*
Its extra fuel value keeps the bin full
longer, 'blue coal' is selected Pennsylvania
w Anthracite, marked blue to protect YOU. A
Analysis of Corporation Tax
Returns Reveals Deficit
of $1,353,141,000.
By the Associated Press.
Banking troubles of 1933 were re
flected yesterday In an analysis of
corporation tax returns for that cal
endar year, made public by the Treas
The report showed that while the
Nation's major Industrial groups cut
their collective deficit of 1932 by 67
p-r cent they remained *1,353,141,000
“In the red.”
Of that figure *1,100.446,000 rep
resented the collective deficit shown
1.. 121.683 returns representing “bank
ing, Insurance, real estate, stock and
bond brokers, etc.”
Method of Determination.
This statutory deficit was deter
mined by deducting “cost of goods
sold, cost of other operations, compen
sation of officers, rent paid on busi
ness property, lnteretL paid, taxes, bad
debts, depreciation, depletion and loss
from sale of capital assets” from
“gross sales, gross receipts from other
operations, interest, rents, profits from
sale of capital assets, miscellaneous
receipts, dividends from domestic cor
porations and interest on tax-exempt
In 1932 the collective corporation
deficit was $4,114,918,000. while In the
banner year of 1929 collective profits
of $10,616,071,000 were reported.
Largest profits of any group in 1933
were reported by "food and kindred
products" manufacturers with a net
of $169,235,000. while transportation
and other public utilities showed a net
of *.151,625,0'\
The net deficit of all corporations
before payment of income and excess
profits taxes, was listed at $930,073.
000, compared with $3,829,000,000 in
the previous year.
Income Tax Receipts lip.
The department said its Income tax
receipts from corporations gained 45.5
per cent in 1933. amounting to $416,
000.000 against $286,000,000 in 1932.
Total corporation receipts rose 3.2
per cent in the same period, amount
ing to $84,234,000,000 in 1933. com
pared with $81,638,000,000 the year
Cash dividends paid by corporations
dropped 19.5 per cent in 1933 to $3.
127.000,000. In 1932 such payments
totaled $3,886,000,000. Officials ex
plained that in 1932 the practice of
continuing dividends, even though un
earned. was widespread.
The department received 446.842 re
turns from active corporations cover
ing operations in 1933, which was 1.1
per cent less than the previous year,
when 452.884 returns were made. This
shrinkage was attributed to a cleaning
out of depression debris in the ranks
of business.
Although the financial group
showed a large collective loss, enough
individual firms made profits to enable
the Government to collect $35,848,000
in income taxes and $504,000 in excess
profits levies.
* t
__ < Continued From First Page.)
campaign is being conducted under
the personal supervision of Mr.
After the assembly, wv>en the eve
ning classes begin, teachers will take
charge of the pledging of individual
students in the various class rooms.
Every teacher and student who drives
a car will be asked to sign a pledge,
so that the school may Join V>e honor
roll of 100 per cent organizations af
filiated with The Star Council.
More than 13,000 students now are
and all formi of Iniurance
J. Blaise de Sibour & Co.
1TOO r.yg At. N W. NAtl. 4B73
enrolled in tne District pusuc mgnt
schools, approximately 8,500 of them
being in the white schools. In joining
the safety movement the McKinley
teachers and students are showing the
way for other night school instructors
and pupils. The District public
schools Joined The Star safety cam
paign as a unit on the opening day
of the present school term, under the
personal leadshtp of Dr. Frank W.
Ballou, superintendent of schools.
The District of Columbia Congress ol
Parents and Teachers and many of
the member parent-teacher associa
tions also have Joined the drive. Wil
son Teachers' College, the Americani
zation School and two of the voca
tional schools also have affiliated with
The Star Council In the safety drive.
Urge "Civilisation Test."
Institution of a “civilization test"
to weed out persons who are unfit to
be trusted with the operation of au
tomobiles in traffic is proposed by the
Trinidad Citizens' Association in a
resolution adopted on motion of Mar
tin O. Steelier, treasurer of the asso
The proposal, offered as “something
new in the way of solving Washing
ton’s traffic troubles," is Intended to
“not only bar all reckless drivers,”
but to “deny a permit to any person
who might prove to be a potential
reckless driver.”
“Much of our traffic trouble and
practically all our traffic deaths and
serious accidents are due to the fact
that powerful machines are too often
operated by persons who are unfit—
usually ethnically unfit—to be trusted
with the operation of a complicated
mechanism that fits into a highly
civilized state of society, not into a
society of ethnical inferiors," it was
“These inferiors, as any anthro
pologist well knows, are found in all
walks of life. In all countries, and
among all races. But, for obvious
reasons, they are very numerous in
and around Washington. These in
feriors are good citizens, pay their
taxes, go to church and all that sort
of thing, but they are not lit to drive
a car on crowded streets.
Ask Teat for All Drivers.
“The trick is to subject all drivers,
both those now possessing a permit
and those applying for a permit in
the future, to a test that will bring
out their inferiority. We might call
this, for the sake of ready compre
hensibility, the 'civilization test.’
“A little co-operation between our
traffic authorities, our police, and
some such bureau as the Division of
Anthropology or an ethnological sec
tion of the Smithsonian Institution,
would soon produce a civilization test
that would be passed successfully only
by persons ethnologically competent to
drive a car on the streets of a civ
ilized city.
“Trinidad Citizens’ Association, at
its regular meeting on this day, there
fore, approves the following resolu
"Resolved. That attention of the
Commissioners of the District of Co
lumbia Is called to the urgent desir
ability that the Traffic Bureau co
operate with the proper ethnological j
or anthropological agency of the Fed
eral Government in quest of some
simple test, to be known as the ‘civili
zation test,’ that would scientifically i
show when a person is fit or unfit to
operate a motor vehicle in traffic.” ,
Radiator Covers
Reasonable Price*. Canrenient Term*.
Ml Chandler Bide. 1427 Ere St
Natlanel S77S
Equalization Fee Principle
Urged With Co-operative
Marketing of Crops.
By the«Assoclat*d Press.
MOUNT VERNON, Iowa. November
4.—Senotor Lester Dickinson. Re
publican of Iowa, persistent critic of
the A. A. A., today offered a five
point farm program of his own.
The Senator's proposal was his first
statement since the Farm Admin
istration’s 8 to 1 victory In the corn
hog poll.
Senator Dickinson outlined the five
point plan in an address prepared for
delivery before the Annual Forum
Conference of Methodist Ministers
and Laymen at Cornell College here.
His program was:
x. Eliminate contradictions In Gov
ernment policy which seek on one
hand to limit crop production and
on the other to subsidize vast ir
rigation and drainage projects.
2. Stabilize production through re
tirement of marginal land and stim
ulate diversified farming to obtain
a more "balanced production".
3. Remove artificial controls and
bureaucratic regulations and develop
co-operative production and mar
4. Restore export markets through
price equalizing fees based on im
port tariff duties.
5. Revise taxation to reduce tax
burdens on farms and real property.
Scores “Political Miracles.”
“Upon these principles.” Senator
Dickinson said, “it is possible, I believe,
to build agriculture into a prosperity
that will be permanent, without re
liance for its accomplishment upon
political miracles.
"It will be founded not upon optical
illusions produced by Government
magicians, but upon self reliance and
common sense."
The Senator readily admitted that
conditions throughout the farm states
were “better," but denied that the
A. A. A. was responsible.
"As I shall try to show, this is due
more to a wise and beneficent Provi
dence, which balances a year of bad
crops with a year of good crops
and redresses drought with an abun
dance of rainfall, than to the course
of treatments which has been pre
scribed from Washington.
"These, judged by the results that
have attended them, although bear
ing the label of a "planned economy."
Letterheads gossip.
They whisper secrets about
your business. And some
times when they're cheap
and flimsy, they give a
false impression that may
contradict the favorable
points that you hope to
make. But engraved let
terheads tell always a story
of stability. The added
cost is very little. Phone
today for samples and
ffiqrai'trs t // onffj
«i|-l*tk St - N.W.
Phone District 4868
snow neitner evioence oi -planning
nor of "economy.”
Relief Declared Not Cure.
Striking at the A. A. A. benefits,
the Senator said:
" • • • We must not delude our
selves that temporary relief, provided
through pumping emergency Govern
ment funds Into any State or com
munity, has brought about perma
nent solution for deep-seated eco
nomic maladjustments.
“These enormous expenditures have
provided merely temporary stimulants,
like the administration of a drug,
without permanent benefit to busi
In introducing his five-point farm
program, the Senator declared no pro
gram can be advanced with finality
until the Supreme Court passes upon
the legality of processing taxes.
Should these be held unconstitu
tional, he said, ' the A. A. A. passes
Into oblivion as complete as that
which has descended upon N. R. A.
All that can be outlined today, there
fore, are certain basic principles which
must underlie any constructive policy,
whioh is sound both economically
and politically.
“If we set proper objectives and
hold them clearly before us the meth
ods by which they are attained become
secondary considerations Involving
merely ways and means.”
Tennessee Group Avenges Woman,
Body Is Discovered in Road
side Thicket.
By the Associated Press.
WHITE BLUFF, Tenn., November
4.—A colored man listed as Baxter
Bell. 35, was killed early today by a
group of white men who riddled his
body with bullets for an alleged Insult
to a white woman as she allghtesl
from a bus last night.
The killing occurred on a road to
Kingston Springs some distance from
White Bluff. The man's body was
thrown from the roadside into a
A short time later Deputy Sheriff
Clyde Petty said five white men ap
peared at the jail here and surren
dered. They told the officer the white
woman whom they claimed had been
insulted was the wife of one of their
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it Read This WctK reg
ularly for newsy, In
formative close-ups of
your favorite stars of
stage, screen, radio.
Sunday in
This Week
Jim Tully introduce! you
to the screen'* popular
playboy-detective ... a
fine, off-the-lot portrait of
the star himself, and an in
spiring story of his long
struggle for success.
Radio Fansi
^ Read Ben Dean's
new short story
Follow Martha Leavitt's "Beauty Brevities’*
for new fashion and beauty ideas from Hollywood and Broadway.
Sunday—Joan Blondell, Glenda Farrell, Ann Dvorak, Kay Francis
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—a lively tala of a radio romance
involving a beautiful heireaa, a
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Sunday inTaia Wm. *
' ' •

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