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Rain tonight, clearing tomorrow morn- B^ >4>4/>^>4y4/ in Washington With the degrees, colder tomorrow and tomorrow ► Bg ■ B°B Blf Associated Press News y| I Y, 1 I I I I and Wirephoto Services. Pull report on page A-2. V ^ ^ ~ „ „ „ " I 777777 3 MORNING EDITION Yesterday’s Circulation, 132,103 Closing N. Y. Markets, Pages 11,12,13^ _» ™ Beturn»Nnt Yet B*<:<,|Vf<1 No 33 485. entered as aecondcias^mattej. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, 1936—TWENTY-SIX PAGES. ** <*> M«an* Associated press. TWO CENTS. ROOSEVELT DEMANDS ISOLATION IN TIME OF WAR AND ASSAILS CRITICS IN CONGRESS SPEECH Comment Over U. S. Awaited in Capital. G. O. P. LAUGHS AT “POLITICS” Repeal of New Deal Challenged by President. I Full Text of the President s Message on Page A-4. BY G. GOl'LD LINCOLN. White House and Capitol. Democrat and Republican, today awaited the reaction of the country to President Roosevelt's precedent-smashing "mes aagf" to Congress last night. The atmosphere of the joint meet ing of Congress to hear the President was as amazing and unusual as Mr. Roosevelt's presentation of his annual message to Congress on the state of the Union. The hall of the House rang with the cheers of the President's partisans. But at times his remark^ drew from the opponents of the New Deal laugh ter and almost jeers. The meeting had much the temper of a political raUy. Defense of New Deal. In the main, the speech, broadcast throughout the land, was a ringing defense of the New Deal and its pol icies and a stinging attack on those groups which oppose the administra tion. Mr Roosevelt told Congress and the Nation that there must be no re treat. Combined with discussion of domes tic affairs was a gloom, picture, painted by the President, of world affairs. He said quite frankly that he considered world peace jeopardized by those nations with autocratic gov ernments. seeking to extend their boundaries. The President's attack was upon iutocrats abroad, governmental auto crats and on autocrats at home, in dustrial and financial. Autocrats abroad threatened war and slavery to the peoples of the w’orld, he said, while autocrats in America threatened the economic slavery of the people here, and control of government. Pledges the Americas. The President pledged the United States—and the American nations generally—to strict neutrality in pres ent and future conflicts in the Old World. His proposal, if the world must face anothei era of war. was that the Americas play but one role: “Through a well ordered neutrality to do naught to encourage the con test. through adequate deiense to save ourselves from embroilment and at tack, and through example and all legitimate encouragement and assist ance to persuade other nations to re turn to the ways of peace and good will." If the President has any recom mendations to Congress for legisla tion at the present session, he did not reveal them last night. He made no recommendation, except, by implication, for the passage of new neutrality law. Mr. Roosevelt declared that with in creasing national income and increas ing revenue, it was his belief "that no npw taxes, over and above the presept taxes, are advisable or necessary.” Republicans Laugh. He suggested that under the poli cies of the New Deal relating to agri culture and industry "we approach a balance of the national budget.' This statement was met with applause from some of the Democrats, among them Senator Byrd of Virginia, who has been a critic of New Deal spending, and with derisive laughter from Re publicans. Referring to the "propaganda" spread by opponents of the New Deal and the fear, "synthetic, manufac tured, poisonous fear that is being spread subtly, expensively and cleverly by the same people who cried in those other days, 'Save us, save us, else we perish,’ the President said he was con fident the Congress well understands (See MESSAGE, Page 3.) ' ■■ • ■ - REGISTRATION IN DOUBT Han Claiming to Be Anarchist Would Be Denied Vote. SAN DIEGO. Calif..'January 4 OP). —Thomas Ernest Abel's right to de clare himself an anarchist was ques tioned today. Abel, a locksmith, disturbed the smooth routine of registration of Democrats and Republicans late yes terday by insisting upon being listed as an anarchist. County Registrar Charles Duffy said he would ask the district attor ney if Abel had the right to register as an anarchist. By registering as one, Abel deprives himself of a vote In the May 5 presidential primary. MONEY SPURNED Texas Depositors Insist Bank De siring to Quit Must Keep On. SAN ANTONIO, Tex., January 4 (P).—President Charles A. Fischer wants to close the First 8tate Bank of Somerset—but his customers won’t let him. He asked depositors to come and get their 150,000 because the bank , no longer was a paying proposition. “I had to beg them,” he said, "and only a few came.” He said the customers told him they had confidence in the bank and wanted him to keep the money on • deposit. He would close the bant ' when he could, he added. vi ---. Paris Sees Armament Spur In Message to U. S. Congress Fears Oil Embargo Against Italy by League of Nations Likely, Due to Roosevelt's New Neutrality Stand. By the Associated Press. PARIS, January 4.—President Roose velt’s message to the United States Congress caused a sensation today in French quarters, where it was criti cized by some as possibly increasing, instead of hindering, European war preparations. A revival of the proposal for an em bargo of oil against Italy, In which Europe sees danger of possible war, was feared in some circles to be more imminent now. although doubts that such a measure would be applied were expressed. Imposition of an oil embargo was believed possible now. because of Presi i dent Roosevelt's program to restrict exports to belligerents of essential war materials to peace-time levels, but In formed sources said such an act was not compulsory. Both France and Britain were re ported anxious to avoid taking any such step. President Roosevelt's declarations to the Congress last night were regarded by informed French circles as height ening America’s isolation from Europe, with a likelihood that his policy would result in other nations developing tVielr own resources in peace time to a standard of self-sufficiency for war time. •'Roosevelt wants to put the brake (See PARIS. Page 8.) FULL BONUS PLAN McNary Pledges Support if Non-lnflationary Bill Is Presented. BACKGROUND Agitation for bonus award to vet erans of World War began soon after declaration of peace. First notable success of veterans’ political activity came in 1924 when measure for “adjusted compensa tion’’ was passed over veto of Pres ident Coolidge. Bill provided for issuance of notes, due in 1945. In 1927. Congress authorised loans on certificates; in 1931. over veto of President Hoover, loan limit was increased to 50 per cent of face value of certificates. Last year Congress passed Pat man bill for immediate payment of full bonus in new money: President Roosevelt’s veto was upheld by narrow margin. : By the Associated Press. Powerful Republican support for the ; veterans’ plan for full payment of the bonus was promised today, while the administration’s own leaders in | Congiess maneuver for a compromise bill acceptable to President Roosevelt, j The latter ignored the issue in his ! annual message. Minority support for the measure advanced jointly by the American Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars and Disabled American Veterans was fore seen in a statement by Senator Mc j Nary, the Republican leader. He declared he would vote for the proposal, "so long as there Is no in flation in it.” Action Likely Monday. A study of the President's message by those who sought some expression from Mr. Roosevelt disclosed only the Executive’s generalized reference to ' “the day of approaching a balanced budget.” Prime consideration will be given to the bonus by the House Ways and Means Committee, probably Monday. Chairman Doughton declared he was in favor of “expediting it,” but would not predict definitely the time rf ac tion. Administration chieftains eagerly sought to hold enough votes in line to assure the kind of measure they believed the President might sign, although strong sentiment appeared in Democratic ranks for full payment. Vinson Bill Believed Doomed. The basis for negotiation was the Byrnes-Steiwer plan calling for 97 per cent cash payment, despite estimates this proposal would cost <2,213,000.000, which is in excess of the cost estimated for the vetoed Patman plan. Close advisers of the President were confident he would not accept the veterans’ bill introduced by Represent atives Vinson, Democrat, of Kentucky and McCormack, Democrat, of Mas sachusetts. There was some sentiment In the Senate for taking up the bonus Issue without waiting for the House to act. Three Plans Advanced. The three proposals on which the controversy centers are: 1. The veterans’ bill, which would leave the financing method to the Treasury, and which the sponsoring (See BONUS, Page 2.) Mission City Siege Lifted. HANKOW, China, January 4 (IP).— The United States consulate learned today the Communist Army siege of the city of Chlhkiang, Western Hunan Province, has been lifted and the nine American missionaries there are safe. -1 President’s Views on New Law Find Accord in Principle. BACKGROUND While hobgoblins of woe resulting from America's participation in World War still haunt the Nation, efforts are being made to prevent entanglement in future conflicts Neutrality legislation passed late in last session of Congress directed President to impose embargo on implements of war to belligerents: law was invoked in October against Italy and Ethiopia. Weakness of act was failure to classify such commodities as food, oil and money, all necessary for long-time war. Yesterday. House and Senate re ceived new neutrality bills making embargo action mandatory and em bracing border-line commodities when such are considered essen tially war supplies. Old law ex pires February 29. By the Associated Press. President Roosevelt's - neutrality : plan drew cheers today from Con j gressional isolationists and removed many of the obstacles In the way of writing a new and permanent law I to safeguard American peace. The administration program, pro posing 'epochal changes in America's i historic toward warring na tions, went further than many mem 1 bers of Congress had expected. Some : who were ready to fight for what they ! wanted, found their desires conceded in the legislation introduced yester dr 7. On the other hand, the administra tion asked for some discretionary i powers which did not satisfy those de ; manding strictly mandatory legLsla 1 tion. They proceeded to draft a measure of their own. Work to Be Rushed. Committees at both ends of the Capitol announced plans for begin j ning work on the measure next week. Chairman Pittman, of the Senate , Foreign Relations Committee, said the measure would “eliminate the major hazards of a war in which we were not directly concerned, without de stroying our normal commerce." Though finding some fault with the bill, Chairman Nye of the Senate Mu nitions Committee, termed it “a great advance, of historic importance.” Nye and his group were particularly pleased the administration bill would require that any embargoes apply to » SeeNEUTR ALITY, Page 8.) THREE BURN TO DEATH Couple and Infant . Die When Home Is Destroyed. BATTLE CREEK, Mich., January 9 (/P).—Three persons burned to death early today when Are destroyed their home here. The victims were Clare L. Culver, 21; his wife, Beulah, 19, and their 2-month-old daughter, Lo vesta Vivian. Fire Chief W. P. Weeks said the Are apparently started from an over heated stove. 50 QUAKES VELT NILAND, Calif, January 4 (&)■— More than £0 slight earthquakes, cracking plaster and breaking a few windows, have shaken this area of Imperial Valley in the past two weeks. Four minor shocks were felt yester day. The hardest of the aeries came New Year day, residents said. Japan Declines to Recognize Roosevelt Aggressor Charge Bjr the Associited Pr***. TOKIO, January 4.—Japan, at least in all press Indications, declined today to don the shoe of the aggressive militarist nation described—without naming names—In President Roose velt’s message last night to the United States Congress. , Japanese afternoon newspapers gave prominence to the address in bold, but noncommittal headlines. Only the Asahl headlined President Roosevelt’s reference to a few trouble making powers. The newspaper Vomluri, in an editorial headline, expressed the i ©pinion that tha address displayed concern by the President over the North China and East African situa tions. The majority of Japanese newspapers stressed the President’s passages out lining the United States policy for neutrality rather than those referring to recognition of “growing ill-will, of marked trends toward aggression, of increasing armaments, of shortening tempers—the situation which has in It many of the elements that lead to the tragedy of general war.” Official Japanese comment on the message was not immediately available, government authorities stiltfbeing ab sent on their New Year holidays. Both Parties See Fight in Message. REACTION HERE IS PARTISAN Republicans Score Harangue in Address. By the Associated Press. The echoes of President Rosevelt's voice, castigating dictatorships abroad and challenging his .critics to try to wipe out the whole N»w Deal, had hardly died away last niK.it in a House of Representatives crammed with a color-splashed assemblage, than a mingled chorus of praise and de nunciation was heard in the Capital. The Republican leadership ham mered it as a "political harangue.” To Republican Chairman Henry P. Fletcher, the speech was "a challenge to a straw man to submit to a sub servient and gagged Congress the fav orite Socialistic features of the New Deal” Democratic supporters hailed it in such terms as “a wonderful, courage ous and aggressive address unmasking and revealing the opposition's char acter.” “Fightingest” Speech. All agreed that this message on "the State of the Union," delivered to an extraordinary Joint session of Con gress and to a radio audience k>ver much of the world, was the “flght ingest” speech the President has made. It was considered certain to be the "source book" for New Deal orators, high and low. from now until Novem ber. Almost overshadowing in signifi cance the President s denunciation of his domestic enemies as "political puppets" preparing “shackles for the liberties of the people” was the criti cism of autocratic regimes abroad. This criticism, sharper than is usu ally leveled at foreign governments by a nation’s head, prefaced the Presi dent's outline of a neutrality policy involving: 1. Refusal to "encourage the prose cution of war" by permitting bel ligerents to obtain war's implements from America. 2. A program to discourage ship ment of other essential war materials except “our normal exports to them in time of peace.” 3. "Adequate defense to save our selves from embroilment and attack." U7...IJ IT.a. Daana 4. “Legitimate assistance” to per suade foreign nations to be Deaceful. Although some Republicans joined the Democrats in praising the Presi dent's remarks on world affairs, there was some criticism. Senator Hast ings. Republican, of Delaware said they were "unnecessary, unbecoming and possibly dangerous.” On the other hand. Senator Gibson. Repub lican, of Vermant asserted, “I am in accord with what he said on main taining the peace of the world.” One passage of the speech led some quarters to expect that the New Deal may possibly seek some method ol preventing its legislation from being tied up in lower Federal courts. This passage said: “The carrying out of the laws of the land as enacted by the Congress re quires protection until final adjudica tion by the highest tribunal of the land. The Congress has the right and can find the means to protect its own prerogatives.” Some wondered whether a move was in prospect to rqvise procedure in lower Federal courts in constitutional disputes. The Justice Department has complained of the “multiplicity” ol suits in these lower courts, which have tied up enforcement of much New Deal legislation. Attorney General Cummings, asked If some move was in prospect, said, "Draw your owm conclusion; it is a fair guess.” Excerpts from some of the comment follow: senator noDinson, aiuuims, um jority leader: "The President defends the New Deal and challenges Its opponents In words that ring with confidence and defiance. * * * The message is confined to a discussion of 'the State of the Union’ and leaves for future occasions speciHc suggestions touching legisla tion.” Senator Sheppard, Democrat, of Texas: "It was a wonderful, courageous and aggressive address. It brings the op position into the light. It unmasks and reveals their character.” Vandenberg Sees Campaigning. Senator VandenBerg, Republican, of Michigan: “It’s not the opening of Congress. It is the opening of a political cam paign which will be hot, rabble-rous ing and intolerant.” Senator Adams, Democrat, of Colo rado: “It was an attack. ' * * It chal lenged the opposition to make issues against the administration’s policy.” Senator Capper, Republican, oi Kansas: “• * • Obviously intended for th« people of the country and not Con gress.” Senator Sehwellenbach, Democrat of Washington: "Big business and the Republicar party are going to have a rough set this year.” Senator Dickinson, Republican, o: Iowa: “Cheap, political claptrap ” Senator Castigaa, Democrat, oi Colorado: "The New Deal and the square dea in one.” Senator Carey, Republican, o: Wyoming: “It is apparent from it£iat the next ~ (See OOMMXNT, Hft «-) “ /TwellTN WE JUST A live and \M [ LEARN! / 7 v-JI Irked by Elkton Incident, * Iran Recalls Her Minister Djalal Feels V. S. Slight ed Him-Post to Stay Open. •• • BY CONSTANTINE BROWN. GhafTar Khan Djalal. the Iranian Minister involved in a police incident ' with the Elkton. Md., police is leaving the United States on March 20, hav ing been recalled by the king. The Iranian Minister stated this morning he considers his recall as a sign of displeasure on the part of his sovereign with the manner in which the Elkton incident had been handled by the American Government, and that his recall should not be inter preted as a disgrace. No minister has been appointed in his place and upon leaving Washington one of the secre taries of the Iranian Legation will act as a charge d'affaires. The State Department had no offi cial information regarding Djalal* re (See DJALAL, Page 8.) GHAFFAR KHAN DJALAL. '! Morgan Family Spokesman Forecasts Action “After Publicity Dies Down.” By the Associated Press. LLANDAFF, Wales. January 4 — The Morgan home offered a welcome today to the family of Col Charles A. Lindbergh, but a spokesman an nounced the visit would be only tem porary and that the Lindberghs in tended to return to America before April. "There is no question of their re maining after the Hauptmann case is disposed of and the publicity dies down,” said the spokesman for the family of J. L. Morgan, father of Au brey Niel Morgan, brother-ln-l&w of Mrs. Lindbergh. Take Auto Trip. Col. Lindbergh, his wife and 3-year old Jon, rested by a four-day stay in the seclusion of a suite of Liverpool's Adelphi Hotel after their 10-day At lantic crossing from New York, jour neyed through the Welsh mountains by automobile toward this suburb of Cardiff, on the coast of Southern Wales. After stopping overnight at an un disclosed Inn between Liverpool and Cardiff, the Lindberghs were ex pected to arrive here late today or tomorrow. "They intend to remain about six weeks and than1 go to London, the south of Prance. Sweden and finally return to the United States,” the Mor gan representative said. Welsh Nurse for Son. A Welsh girl was engaged to serve as nurse for Jon, second son of the Lindberghs. Aubrey Morgan, husband of Mrs. Lindbergh’s sister, the late Elisabeth Morrow Morgan, accompanied the fa mous flyer and his family when they set out from Liverpool yesterday on the first stage of their English travels In quest of "quiet and rest.” The Morgan family expected the Lindberghs to be in this peaceful re treat during the week of January 13— the time set for the execution at Tren ton, N. J„ of Bruno Richard Haupt mann, convicted slayer of the kid naped Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr. >' 1 ■■■" Readers9 Guide . Pages. Amusements.B-12 Church News-A-9-10-11 Comics .-B-8 Cross-Word Puzzle-B-8 Editorials -A-6 Finance .A-12-13 Lessons in Lawmaking-A-3 Lost and Found-A-7 Radio .B-8 Real Estate_B-l-2-3-4 Serial Story_—B-4 Short Story_A-ll Society_A-8 Sports ....--—B-5-6 Washington WaysMe-B-12 Women’s Features?-B-7 SEVEN-POINT PLAN IS REPIY OF KNOX 4 - . 1 Answers Roosevelt With Program Including Sound Currency. • By the Associated Press. Accepting President Roosevelt's de fiant challenge to New Deal critics, Frank Knox, Chicago publisher and | Republican presidential possibility, proposed today a seven-point Federal program which he said was a positive alternative for present policies. I In a statement handed to report ; ers, Knox said the President's annual message to Congress was "an undis guised political speech by the pros pective candidate of the Democratic party.” “Specifically. Candidate Roosevelt demanded that his opposition provide an explicit alternative program if they were dissatisfied with the fruits of the New Deal.” he said. "That Is not dif ficult. Here is one: “1. Immediate and drastic reduc tion of governmental expenses. ‘‘2. A sound currency to be main tained at all hazards. •'3. Maintenance of the national credit by a Federal budget annually balanced. ”4. Unemployment and old-age In surance under State laws. "5. Removal of the Government from all fields of private enterprise. ‘‘6. Opposition to the unsound policy of restricting agricultural production. ”7. Strict and impartial enforcement of. the anti-trust laws to prevent monopoly.” —«— ■ ■ Man's Feet Amputated. TRAVERSE CITY, Mich., January 4 OP).—Ned Doe, elderly resident of Omena, was brought to a hospital here yesterday, where surgeons amputated both feet, frozen several days ago. MELLON RECORDS Federal Judge Upholds Gov ernment’s Subpoena in Tax Case. By the Associated Press. PITTSBURGH, January 4— Fed eral Judge Robert E. Gibson today upheld the Government's subpoena in the long-drawn out Andrew W. Mellon income tax case for the rec ords of the $300,000,000 Union Trust Co., a Mellon interest. The bank declined at a hearing by the Board of Tax Appeals several months ago to turn over its records, contending the subpoena amounted to unconstitutional search and seizure. The Government has maintained they are necessary to continue its case to collect nearly $3,000,000 in income taxes and penalties from the former Secretary of the Treasury for the year 1931. Robert E. Jackson, chief Govern ment counsel, caimed the records would show transactions by which Mellon sought to evade the tax laws. Refused Board's Demand. The records originally were sub poenaed by the Government while the board was holding a hearing in the case in Washington. The tax board upheld the subpoena, but counsel for Union Trust declined to comply, and Jackson took the case to Federal court. An appeal may be taken by Union Trust. Among the records sought by the Government were those dealing with alleged sales of stock between Mellon ntiu iiitv The Government claimed, in one instance. Union Trust bought 58.000 shares of Pittsburgh Coal Co. pre ferred stock from Mellon, and at tacked “the alleged change in form of the transaction in 1929 from an apparent purchase to the form of an obligation.” Records of alleged purchases of se curities by the bank from Paul Mellon, a son. and by holding firms of the Mel lon family from the bank also were sought by the Government. Still other records Attorney Jackson wished to scrutinize dealt with alleged transfers between Union Trust and W. L. Mel lon. nephew of A. W. and head of the Gulf Oil Corp. Refuses One Demand. Judge Gibson refused only one of the 18 demands involved in the Gov ernment's petition. This asked for "all minutes of meetings of the board of directors of the Union Trust Co. of Pittsburgh held during the years 1931 and 1932.” The decision said: "Lacking specification as it does, the paragraph is violative of the rights of the Union Trust Co. • • •” Judge Gibson said six other de mands “seem something more than questionable.” He ruled: "A stretch of the imagination is required to induce a belief the va rious papers mentioned in these para graphs may become evidence in the case. Nevertheless, it is not beyond the realm of possibility that other sup porting evidence might render them admissible.” He ordered the bank to comply, rul ing production of the records does not "necessarily” violate its constitutional rights. Jobs lor 1,000 Youths to Ease Critical D. C. Relief Problem Plans Ready for Allen’s Approval for Use of $24,000 Grant—Dodge Reports Public Funds Still Needed Over U, S. Partial solution of the critical Dis trict relief problem was under way to day in plans to give to more than 1.000 youths dependent on the Capital dole w. P. A. jobs, beginning next week, in accordance with the program of the National Youth Administration. Pinal arrangements are to be made Monday when Commissioner George E. Alien returns from a vacation. The District received a grant of $34,000 to ward the program in October and a committee of six was named by Allen to prepare plana. While no formal meeting of the group has been called. William C. Cleary, assistant deputy works administrator for the District, declared plans N|d been made ready for Allen's apprmi. The Nation demands that con tinuing abnormal relief needs be met from public funds- President Clarence Phelps Dodge of the Community Chest meanwhile declared after meeting with Chest officials In New York and Cincinnati. Chest Overburdened. "The Chests cannot assume this burden of emergency relief,’' he said In reiterating his stand of a few day: ago. In proof of bis statement, th< organization found Itself faced thli morning with the necessity of reducing the work of the Instructive Visiting Nurse Society, one of the 60 mertibei agencies. .Nearly l.OOO^ff the youths in th< (Jtm WmJMT, Page 3.) Unit Was Formerly Headed by Dr. Hockman, Vic tim of “Dud.” • EGYPTIAN RED CROSS AMBULANCE ALSO HIT Ten Ethiopians Reported Killed During Air Raid South of MaJtale. — BACKGROUND— While Italian Armies advancing into Ethiopia from Eritrea and So maliland have made slow progress, more spectacular "successes" have been reported, by aviation squad rons of air-minded II Duce. On two successive days in early December planes bombed Dessye, % site of field headquarters of Em peror Haile Selassie. Last Monday squadron bombed Dolo on South ern front. In first raids American Red Cross hospital was damaged; in Dolo incident Swedish outfit was destroyed and Swedish doctors killed. In Rome Mussolini has renewed efforts to combat economic pres sure of League of Nations, fears most the proposed embargo on oil, necessary commodity to war ma chine. By the Associated Press. A telegram reporting that the Amer ican field hospital at Daggah Bur, formerly headed by Dr. Robert Hock man of Wheaton, 111., had been bombed was received today at Addis Ababa by Dr. T. A. Lambie, head of the Ethiopian Red Cross. The message gave no details of the reported bombardment. Rumors were widely current that Harar, in Eastern Ethiopia, «aa being bombed, but the Government had no word of this. The city is sec ond only to Addis Ababa in size in Ethiopia. Dr. Hoekman recently was killed ' when a bomb, which he believed to be a "dud.” suddenly exploded. Daggah Bur, in Southeastern Ethi opia. is about 75 miles southeast of Jijiga. important Ethiopian town. Egyptian Ambulance Hit. The Addis Ababa correspondent of the Reuters (British) News Agency received an unconfirmed rtimor that j an Egyptian Red Crescent (Red Cross) , ambulance had been bombed at Dag* gah Bur. The American Field Hospital at Daggah Bur flew the American flag, recent dispatches stated. (Dr. Hoekman. in a letter written from Addis Ababa September 22 to relatives In Cambridge. Ohio, said: (“The unit I am taking out to the front will consist of about seven lay men from missionary and other ranks and about 50 natives. We will take 15 large tents and 10 small ones.") An Ethiopian communique an nounced a fleet of Italian planes bom barded heavily the region south of Makale. on the northern front, killing 10 persons and wounding 15 in the sector where Emperor Haile Selassie's defenders have been waging their first : major offensive. An official communique from Rome announced today the Italians lost their fourth plane in flames yesterday on the Ethiopian war front. The communique stated the plane caught fire over the Cafta region, and its occupants—two officers, an ob server and a non-commissioned pilot —were killed. Six Italians Killed. “Our aviation," said the announce ment. ‘ executed two bombardments— one against a strong enemy group moving toward our lines on the cara van road between Socota and Seloa, and another in the Cafta region against an Ethiopian war encamp ment.” The communique also said: “Yesterday on the Eritrean front, in the Tembien sector and southwest of Makale, there was intense activity by leconnoitering patrols. “Enemy groups were dispersed all along our line. “In various actions there were killed on our side six Italians and two na tives.” Far from the rone of war, in Wash ington, a pronouncement of a fresh neutrality policy, subject to the will of a newly convened Congress, caused a sensation In European cap itals. Bombing Held Deliberate. Further adding to the European Imbroglio over factors tangent to tha war in East Africa was the death of Gunner Lundstrom. one of the Swed ish Red Cross workers wounded dur ing an Italian air raid last Monday on the southern front. Dr. Fried Hylander, chief of tha Swedish Red Cross unit In Ogaden Province, himself wounded, described (See WAR, Page 7.) TWO JAPANESE ARE HUPT AS BANDITS ROB TRAIN Nine Passengers Wounded in Chi nese Demilitarized Zone—In cident Viewed Gravely. By the Associated Press. TIENTSIN, January 4.—Three ban dit* held up the northbound Peiping to Mukden express near Peltaiho, ISO I miles northeast of here, last night, wounding nine passengers, including two Japanese. The bandits escaped in the result ing confusion. Jhe hold-up Occurred within tha northern demilitarized zone and waa the first serious incident in that area since It became the Japanese-sup ported East Hopei autonomous state. Japanese military officials, who viewed the Incident gravely, said tha bandits were Chinese who wore the uniforms of special police of the de militarized zone. One of tha victims waa a Japanese gendarme. * '