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Evening star. [volume] (Washington, D.C.) 1854-1972, January 04, 1936, Image 1

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m. s wSfIu?«uRp0rec«t) ♦ The only evening paper
Rain tonight, clearing tomorrow morn- B^ >4>4/>^>4y4/ in Washington With the
degrees, colder tomorrow and tomorrow ► Bg ■ B°B Blf Associated Press News
y| I Y, 1 I I I I and Wirephoto Services.
Pull report on page A-2. V ^ ^
~ „ „ „ " I 777777 3 MORNING EDITION Yesterday’s Circulation, 132,103
Closing N. Y. Markets, Pages 11,12,13^ _» ™ Beturn»Nnt Yet B*<:<,|Vf<1
No 33 485. entered as aecondcias^mattej. WASHINGTON, D. C., SATURDAY, JANUARY 4, 1936—TWENTY-SIX PAGES. ** <*> M«an* Associated press. TWO CENTS.
ROOSEVELT DEMANDS ISOLATION
IN TIME OF WAR AND ASSAILS
CRITICS IN CONGRESS SPEECH
Comment Over
U. S. Awaited
in Capital.
G. O. P. LAUGHS
AT “POLITICS”
Repeal of New Deal
Challenged by
President.
I Full Text of the President s
Message on Page A-4.
BY G. GOl'LD LINCOLN.
White House and Capitol. Democrat
and Republican, today awaited the
reaction of the country to President
Roosevelt's precedent-smashing "mes
aagf" to Congress last night.
The atmosphere of the joint meet
ing of Congress to hear the President
was as amazing and unusual as Mr.
Roosevelt's presentation of his annual
message to Congress on the state of
the Union.
The hall of the House rang with the
cheers of the President's partisans.
But at times his remark^ drew from
the opponents of the New Deal laugh
ter and almost jeers. The meeting
had much the temper of a political
raUy.
Defense of New Deal.
In the main, the speech, broadcast
throughout the land, was a ringing
defense of the New Deal and its pol
icies and a stinging attack on those
groups which oppose the administra
tion. Mr Roosevelt told Congress and
the Nation that there must be no re
treat.
Combined with discussion of domes
tic affairs was a gloom, picture,
painted by the President, of world
affairs. He said quite frankly that he
considered world peace jeopardized
by those nations with autocratic gov
ernments. seeking to extend their
boundaries.
The President's attack was upon
iutocrats abroad, governmental auto
crats and on autocrats at home, in
dustrial and financial. Autocrats
abroad threatened war and slavery to
the peoples of the w’orld, he said,
while autocrats in America threatened
the economic slavery of the people
here, and control of government.
Pledges the Americas.
The President pledged the United
States—and the American nations
generally—to strict neutrality in pres
ent and future conflicts in the Old
World. His proposal, if the world
must face anothei era of war. was
that the Americas play but one role:
“Through a well ordered neutrality
to do naught to encourage the con
test. through adequate deiense to save
ourselves from embroilment and at
tack, and through example and all
legitimate encouragement and assist
ance to persuade other nations to re
turn to the ways of peace and good
will."
If the President has any recom
mendations to Congress for legisla
tion at the present session, he did
not reveal them last night. He
made no recommendation, except, by
implication, for the passage of new
neutrality law.
Mr. Roosevelt declared that with in
creasing national income and increas
ing revenue, it was his belief "that no
npw taxes, over and above the presept
taxes, are advisable or necessary.”
Republicans Laugh.
He suggested that under the poli
cies of the New Deal relating to agri
culture and industry "we approach a
balance of the national budget.' This
statement was met with applause from
some of the Democrats, among them
Senator Byrd of Virginia, who has
been a critic of New Deal spending,
and with derisive laughter from Re
publicans.
Referring to the "propaganda"
spread by opponents of the New Deal
and the fear, "synthetic, manufac
tured, poisonous fear that is being
spread subtly, expensively and cleverly
by the same people who cried in those
other days, 'Save us, save us, else we
perish,’ the President said he was con
fident the Congress well understands
(See MESSAGE, Page 3.)
' ■■ • ■ -
REGISTRATION IN DOUBT
Han Claiming to Be Anarchist
Would Be Denied Vote.
SAN DIEGO. Calif..'January 4 OP).
—Thomas Ernest Abel's right to de
clare himself an anarchist was ques
tioned today.
Abel, a locksmith, disturbed the
smooth routine of registration of
Democrats and Republicans late yes
terday by insisting upon being listed
as an anarchist.
County Registrar Charles Duffy
said he would ask the district attor
ney if Abel had the right to register
as an anarchist. By registering as
one, Abel deprives himself of a vote
In the May 5 presidential primary.
MONEY SPURNED
Texas Depositors Insist Bank De
siring to Quit Must Keep On.
SAN ANTONIO, Tex., January 4
(P).—President Charles A. Fischer
wants to close the First 8tate Bank
of Somerset—but his customers won’t
let him.
He asked depositors to come and
get their 150,000 because the bank
, no longer was a paying proposition.
“I had to beg them,” he said, "and
only a few came.”
He said the customers told him they
had confidence in the bank and
wanted him to keep the money on
• deposit. He would close the bant
' when he could, he added. vi
---.
Paris Sees Armament Spur
In Message to U. S. Congress
Fears Oil Embargo Against Italy by
League of Nations Likely, Due to
Roosevelt's New Neutrality Stand.
By the Associated Press.
PARIS, January 4.—President Roose
velt’s message to the United States
Congress caused a sensation today in
French quarters, where it was criti
cized by some as possibly increasing,
instead of hindering, European war
preparations.
A revival of the proposal for an em
bargo of oil against Italy, In which
Europe sees danger of possible war,
was feared in some circles to be more
imminent now. although doubts that
such a measure would be applied were
expressed.
Imposition of an oil embargo was
believed possible now. because of Presi
i dent Roosevelt's program to restrict
exports to belligerents of essential war
materials to peace-time levels, but In
formed sources said such an act was
not compulsory.
Both France and Britain were re
ported anxious to avoid taking any
such step.
President Roosevelt's declarations to
the Congress last night were regarded
by informed French circles as height
ening America’s isolation from Europe,
with a likelihood that his policy would
result in other nations developing tVielr
own resources in peace time to a
standard of self-sufficiency for war
time.
•'Roosevelt wants to put the brake
(See PARIS. Page 8.)
FULL BONUS PLAN
McNary Pledges Support if
Non-lnflationary Bill
Is Presented.
BACKGROUND
Agitation for bonus award to vet
erans of World War began soon
after declaration of peace.
First notable success of veterans’
political activity came in 1924 when
measure for “adjusted compensa
tion’’ was passed over veto of Pres
ident Coolidge. Bill provided for
issuance of notes, due in 1945.
In 1927. Congress authorised
loans on certificates; in 1931. over
veto of President Hoover, loan limit
was increased to 50 per cent of face
value of certificates.
Last year Congress passed Pat
man bill for immediate payment of
full bonus in new money: President
Roosevelt’s veto was upheld by
narrow margin.
: By the Associated Press.
Powerful Republican support for the
; veterans’ plan for full payment of
the bonus was promised today, while
the administration’s own leaders in
| Congiess maneuver for a compromise
bill acceptable to President Roosevelt,
j The latter ignored the issue in his
! annual message.
Minority support for the measure
advanced jointly by the American
Legion, Veterans of Foreign Wars and
Disabled American Veterans was fore
seen in a statement by Senator Mc
j Nary, the Republican leader.
He declared he would vote for the
proposal, "so long as there Is no in
flation in it.”
Action Likely Monday.
A study of the President's message
by those who sought some expression
from Mr. Roosevelt disclosed only the
Executive’s generalized reference to
' “the day of approaching a balanced
budget.”
Prime consideration will be given to
the bonus by the House Ways and
Means Committee, probably Monday.
Chairman Doughton declared he was
in favor of “expediting it,” but would
not predict definitely the time rf ac
tion.
Administration chieftains eagerly
sought to hold enough votes in line
to assure the kind of measure they
believed the President might sign,
although strong sentiment appeared in
Democratic ranks for full payment.
Vinson Bill Believed Doomed.
The basis for negotiation was the
Byrnes-Steiwer plan calling for 97 per
cent cash payment, despite estimates
this proposal would cost <2,213,000.000,
which is in excess of the cost estimated
for the vetoed Patman plan.
Close advisers of the President were
confident he would not accept the
veterans’ bill introduced by Represent
atives Vinson, Democrat, of Kentucky
and McCormack, Democrat, of Mas
sachusetts.
There was some sentiment In the
Senate for taking up the bonus Issue
without waiting for the House to act.
Three Plans Advanced.
The three proposals on which the
controversy centers are:
1. The veterans’ bill, which would
leave the financing method to the
Treasury, and which the sponsoring
(See BONUS, Page 2.)
Mission City Siege Lifted.
HANKOW, China, January 4 (IP).—
The United States consulate learned
today the Communist Army siege of
the city of Chlhkiang, Western Hunan
Province, has been lifted and the nine
American missionaries there are safe.
-1
President’s Views on New
Law Find Accord in
Principle.
BACKGROUND
While hobgoblins of woe resulting
from America's participation in
World War still haunt the Nation,
efforts are being made to prevent
entanglement in future conflicts
Neutrality legislation passed late
in last session of Congress directed
President to impose embargo on
implements of war to belligerents:
law was invoked in October against
Italy and Ethiopia. Weakness of
act was failure to classify such
commodities as food, oil and money,
all necessary for long-time war.
Yesterday. House and Senate re
ceived new neutrality bills making
embargo action mandatory and em
bracing border-line commodities
when such are considered essen
tially war supplies. Old law ex
pires February 29.
By the Associated Press.
President Roosevelt's - neutrality
: plan drew cheers today from Con
j gressional isolationists and removed
many of the obstacles In the way of
writing a new and permanent law
I to safeguard American peace.
The administration program, pro
posing 'epochal changes in America's
i historic toward warring na
tions, went further than many mem
1 bers of Congress had expected. Some
: who were ready to fight for what they
! wanted, found their desires conceded
in the legislation introduced yester
dr 7.
On the other hand, the administra
tion asked for some discretionary
i powers which did not satisfy those de
; manding strictly mandatory legLsla
1 tion. They proceeded to draft a
measure of their own.
Work to Be Rushed.
Committees at both ends of the
Capitol announced plans for begin
j ning work on the measure next week.
Chairman Pittman, of the Senate
, Foreign Relations Committee, said the
measure would “eliminate the major
hazards of a war in which we were
not directly concerned, without de
stroying our normal commerce."
Though finding some fault with the
bill, Chairman Nye of the Senate Mu
nitions Committee, termed it “a great
advance, of historic importance.” Nye
and his group were particularly
pleased the administration bill would
require that any embargoes apply to
» SeeNEUTR ALITY, Page 8.)
THREE BURN TO DEATH
Couple and Infant . Die When
Home Is Destroyed.
BATTLE CREEK, Mich., January 9
(/P).—Three persons burned to death
early today when Are destroyed their
home here. The victims were Clare
L. Culver, 21; his wife, Beulah, 19,
and their 2-month-old daughter, Lo
vesta Vivian.
Fire Chief W. P. Weeks said the
Are apparently started from an over
heated stove.
50 QUAKES VELT
NILAND, Calif, January 4 (&)■—
More than £0 slight earthquakes,
cracking plaster and breaking a few
windows, have shaken this area of
Imperial Valley in the past two weeks.
Four minor shocks were felt yester
day. The hardest of the aeries came
New Year day, residents said.
Japan Declines to Recognize
Roosevelt Aggressor Charge
Bjr the Associited Pr***.
TOKIO, January 4.—Japan, at least
in all press Indications, declined today
to don the shoe of the aggressive
militarist nation described—without
naming names—In President Roose
velt’s message last night to the United
States Congress. ,
Japanese afternoon newspapers gave
prominence to the address in bold, but
noncommittal headlines.
Only the Asahl headlined President
Roosevelt’s reference to a few trouble
making powers.
The newspaper Vomluri, in an
editorial headline, expressed the
i ©pinion that tha address displayed
concern by the President over the
North China and East African situa
tions.
The majority of Japanese newspapers
stressed the President’s passages out
lining the United States policy for
neutrality rather than those referring
to recognition of “growing ill-will, of
marked trends toward aggression, of
increasing armaments, of shortening
tempers—the situation which has in
It many of the elements that lead to
the tragedy of general war.”
Official Japanese comment on the
message was not immediately available,
government authorities stiltfbeing ab
sent on their New Year holidays.
Both Parties
See Fight in
Message.
REACTION HERE
IS PARTISAN
Republicans Score
Harangue in
Address.
By the Associated Press.
The echoes of President Rosevelt's
voice, castigating dictatorships abroad
and challenging his .critics to try to
wipe out the whole N»w Deal, had
hardly died away last niK.it in a House
of Representatives crammed with a
color-splashed assemblage, than a
mingled chorus of praise and de
nunciation was heard in the Capital.
The Republican leadership ham
mered it as a "political harangue.”
To Republican Chairman Henry P.
Fletcher, the speech was "a challenge
to a straw man to submit to a sub
servient and gagged Congress the fav
orite Socialistic features of the New
Deal”
Democratic supporters hailed it in
such terms as “a wonderful, courage
ous and aggressive address unmasking
and revealing the opposition's char
acter.”
“Fightingest” Speech.
All agreed that this message on "the
State of the Union," delivered to an
extraordinary Joint session of Con
gress and to a radio audience k>ver
much of the world, was the “flght
ingest” speech the President has made.
It was considered certain to be the
"source book" for New Deal orators,
high and low. from now until Novem
ber.
Almost overshadowing in signifi
cance the President s denunciation of
his domestic enemies as "political
puppets" preparing “shackles for the
liberties of the people” was the criti
cism of autocratic regimes abroad.
This criticism, sharper than is usu
ally leveled at foreign governments by
a nation’s head, prefaced the Presi
dent's outline of a neutrality policy
involving:
1. Refusal to "encourage the prose
cution of war" by permitting bel
ligerents to obtain war's implements
from America.
2. A program to discourage ship
ment of other essential war materials
except “our normal exports to them
in time of peace.”
3. "Adequate defense to save our
selves from embroilment and attack."
U7...IJ IT.a. Daana
4. “Legitimate assistance” to per
suade foreign nations to be Deaceful.
Although some Republicans joined
the Democrats in praising the Presi
dent's remarks on world affairs, there
was some criticism. Senator Hast
ings. Republican, of Delaware said
they were "unnecessary, unbecoming
and possibly dangerous.” On the
other hand. Senator Gibson. Repub
lican, of Vermant asserted, “I am in
accord with what he said on main
taining the peace of the world.”
One passage of the speech led some
quarters to expect that the New Deal
may possibly seek some method ol
preventing its legislation from being
tied up in lower Federal courts. This
passage said:
“The carrying out of the laws of the
land as enacted by the Congress re
quires protection until final adjudica
tion by the highest tribunal of the
land. The Congress has the right and
can find the means to protect its own
prerogatives.”
Some wondered whether a move was
in prospect to rqvise procedure in
lower Federal courts in constitutional
disputes. The Justice Department has
complained of the “multiplicity” ol
suits in these lower courts, which have
tied up enforcement of much New Deal
legislation.
Attorney General Cummings, asked
If some move was in prospect, said,
"Draw your owm conclusion; it is a
fair guess.”
Excerpts from some of the comment
follow:
senator noDinson, aiuuims, um
jority leader:
"The President defends the New
Deal and challenges Its opponents In
words that ring with confidence and
defiance. * * * The message is confined
to a discussion of 'the State of the
Union’ and leaves for future occasions
speciHc suggestions touching legisla
tion.”
Senator Sheppard, Democrat, of
Texas:
"It was a wonderful, courageous and
aggressive address. It brings the op
position into the light. It unmasks
and reveals their character.”
Vandenberg Sees Campaigning.
Senator VandenBerg, Republican, of
Michigan:
“It’s not the opening of Congress.
It is the opening of a political cam
paign which will be hot, rabble-rous
ing and intolerant.”
Senator Adams, Democrat, of Colo
rado:
“It was an attack. ' * * It chal
lenged the opposition to make issues
against the administration’s policy.”
Senator Capper, Republican, oi
Kansas:
“• * • Obviously intended for th«
people of the country and not Con
gress.”
Senator Sehwellenbach, Democrat
of Washington:
"Big business and the Republicar
party are going to have a rough set
this year.”
Senator Dickinson, Republican, o:
Iowa:
“Cheap, political claptrap ”
Senator Castigaa, Democrat, oi
Colorado:
"The New Deal and the square dea
in one.”
Senator Carey, Republican, o:
Wyoming:
“It is apparent from it£iat the next
~ (See OOMMXNT, Hft «-) “
/TwellTN
WE JUST A
live and \M
[ LEARN! / 7
v-JI
Irked by Elkton Incident, *
Iran Recalls Her Minister
Djalal Feels V. S. Slight
ed Him-Post to
Stay Open.
•• •
BY CONSTANTINE BROWN.
GhafTar Khan Djalal. the Iranian
Minister involved in a police incident
' with the Elkton. Md., police is leaving
the United States on March 20, hav
ing been recalled by the king.
The Iranian Minister stated this
morning he considers his recall as a
sign of displeasure on the part of his
sovereign with the manner in which
the Elkton incident had been handled
by the American Government, and
that his recall should not be inter
preted as a disgrace. No minister has
been appointed in his place and upon
leaving Washington one of the secre
taries of the Iranian Legation will act
as a charge d'affaires.
The State Department had no offi
cial information regarding Djalal* re
(See DJALAL, Page 8.)
GHAFFAR KHAN DJALAL. '!
Morgan Family Spokesman
Forecasts Action “After
Publicity Dies Down.”
By the Associated Press.
LLANDAFF, Wales. January 4 —
The Morgan home offered a welcome
today to the family of Col Charles A.
Lindbergh, but a spokesman an
nounced the visit would be only tem
porary and that the Lindberghs in
tended to return to America before
April.
"There is no question of their re
maining after the Hauptmann case is
disposed of and the publicity dies
down,” said the spokesman for the
family of J. L. Morgan, father of Au
brey Niel Morgan, brother-ln-l&w of
Mrs. Lindbergh.
Take Auto Trip.
Col. Lindbergh, his wife and 3-year
old Jon, rested by a four-day stay in
the seclusion of a suite of Liverpool's
Adelphi Hotel after their 10-day At
lantic crossing from New York, jour
neyed through the Welsh mountains
by automobile toward this suburb of
Cardiff, on the coast of Southern
Wales.
After stopping overnight at an un
disclosed Inn between Liverpool and
Cardiff, the Lindberghs were ex
pected to arrive here late today or
tomorrow.
"They intend to remain about six
weeks and than1 go to London, the
south of Prance. Sweden and finally
return to the United States,” the Mor
gan representative said.
Welsh Nurse for Son.
A Welsh girl was engaged to serve
as nurse for Jon, second son of the
Lindberghs.
Aubrey Morgan, husband of Mrs.
Lindbergh’s sister, the late Elisabeth
Morrow Morgan, accompanied the fa
mous flyer and his family when they
set out from Liverpool yesterday on
the first stage of their English travels
In quest of "quiet and rest.”
The Morgan family expected the
Lindberghs to be in this peaceful re
treat during the week of January 13—
the time set for the execution at Tren
ton, N. J„ of Bruno Richard Haupt
mann, convicted slayer of the kid
naped Charles A. Lindbergh, Jr.
>' 1 ■■■"
Readers9 Guide
. Pages.
Amusements.B-12
Church News-A-9-10-11
Comics .-B-8
Cross-Word Puzzle-B-8
Editorials -A-6
Finance .A-12-13
Lessons in Lawmaking-A-3
Lost and Found-A-7
Radio .B-8
Real Estate_B-l-2-3-4
Serial Story_—B-4
Short Story_A-ll
Society_A-8
Sports ....--—B-5-6
Washington WaysMe-B-12
Women’s Features?-B-7
SEVEN-POINT PLAN
IS REPIY OF KNOX
4
- . 1
Answers Roosevelt With
Program Including Sound
Currency.

By the Associated Press.
Accepting President Roosevelt's de
fiant challenge to New Deal critics,
Frank Knox, Chicago publisher and
| Republican presidential possibility,
proposed today a seven-point Federal
program which he said was a positive
alternative for present policies.
I In a statement handed to report
; ers, Knox said the President's annual
message to Congress was "an undis
guised political speech by the pros
pective candidate of the Democratic
party.”
“Specifically. Candidate Roosevelt
demanded that his opposition provide
an explicit alternative program if they
were dissatisfied with the fruits of the
New Deal.” he said. "That Is not dif
ficult. Here is one:
“1. Immediate and drastic reduc
tion of governmental expenses.
‘‘2. A sound currency to be main
tained at all hazards.
•'3. Maintenance of the national
credit by a Federal budget annually
balanced.
”4. Unemployment and old-age In
surance under State laws.
"5. Removal of the Government
from all fields of private enterprise.
‘‘6. Opposition to the unsound policy
of restricting agricultural production.
”7. Strict and impartial enforcement
of. the anti-trust laws to prevent
monopoly.”
—«— ■ ■
Man's Feet Amputated.
TRAVERSE CITY, Mich., January
4 OP).—Ned Doe, elderly resident of
Omena, was brought to a hospital here
yesterday, where surgeons amputated
both feet, frozen several days ago.
MELLON RECORDS
Federal Judge Upholds Gov
ernment’s Subpoena
in Tax Case.
By the Associated Press.
PITTSBURGH, January 4— Fed
eral Judge Robert E. Gibson today
upheld the Government's subpoena
in the long-drawn out Andrew W.
Mellon income tax case for the rec
ords of the $300,000,000 Union Trust
Co., a Mellon interest.
The bank declined at a hearing by
the Board of Tax Appeals several
months ago to turn over its records,
contending the subpoena amounted to
unconstitutional search and seizure.
The Government has maintained
they are necessary to continue its case
to collect nearly $3,000,000 in income
taxes and penalties from the former
Secretary of the Treasury for the
year 1931.
Robert E. Jackson, chief Govern
ment counsel, caimed the records
would show transactions by which
Mellon sought to evade the tax laws.
Refused Board's Demand.
The records originally were sub
poenaed by the Government while the
board was holding a hearing in the
case in Washington. The tax board
upheld the subpoena, but counsel for
Union Trust declined to comply, and
Jackson took the case to Federal court.
An appeal may be taken by Union
Trust.
Among the records sought by the
Government were those dealing with
alleged sales of stock between Mellon
ntiu iiitv
The Government claimed, in one
instance. Union Trust bought 58.000
shares of Pittsburgh Coal Co. pre
ferred stock from Mellon, and at
tacked “the alleged change in form
of the transaction in 1929 from an
apparent purchase to the form of
an obligation.”
Records of alleged purchases of se
curities by the bank from Paul Mellon,
a son. and by holding firms of the Mel
lon family from the bank also were
sought by the Government. Still other
records Attorney Jackson wished to
scrutinize dealt with alleged transfers
between Union Trust and W. L. Mel
lon. nephew of A. W. and head of the
Gulf Oil Corp.
Refuses One Demand.
Judge Gibson refused only one of
the 18 demands involved in the Gov
ernment's petition. This asked for
"all minutes of meetings of the board
of directors of the Union Trust Co. of
Pittsburgh held during the years 1931
and 1932.” The decision said:
"Lacking specification as it does,
the paragraph is violative of the rights
of the Union Trust Co. • • •”
Judge Gibson said six other de
mands “seem something more than
questionable.” He ruled:
"A stretch of the imagination is
required to induce a belief the va
rious papers mentioned in these para
graphs may become evidence in the
case. Nevertheless, it is not beyond
the realm of possibility that other sup
porting evidence might render them
admissible.”
He ordered the bank to comply, rul
ing production of the records does not
"necessarily” violate its constitutional
rights.
Jobs lor 1,000 Youths to Ease
Critical D. C. Relief Problem
Plans Ready for Allen’s Approval for
Use of $24,000 Grant—Dodge Reports
Public Funds Still Needed Over U, S.
Partial solution of the critical Dis
trict relief problem was under way to
day in plans to give to more than 1.000
youths dependent on the Capital dole
w. P. A. jobs, beginning next week,
in accordance with the program of
the National Youth Administration.
Pinal arrangements are to be made
Monday when Commissioner George
E. Alien returns from a vacation. The
District received a grant of $34,000 to
ward the program in October and a
committee of six was named by Allen
to prepare plana. While no formal
meeting of the group has been called.
William C. Cleary, assistant deputy
works administrator for the District,
declared plans N|d been made ready
for Allen's apprmi.
The Nation demands that con
tinuing abnormal relief needs be met
from public funds- President Clarence
Phelps Dodge of the Community Chest
meanwhile declared after meeting
with Chest officials In New York and
Cincinnati.
Chest Overburdened.
"The Chests cannot assume this
burden of emergency relief,’' he said
In reiterating his stand of a few day:
ago. In proof of bis statement, th<
organization found Itself faced thli
morning with the necessity of reducing
the work of the Instructive Visiting
Nurse Society, one of the 60 mertibei
agencies.
.Nearly l.OOO^ff the youths in th<
(Jtm WmJMT, Page 3.)
Unit Was Formerly Headed
by Dr. Hockman, Vic
tim of “Dud.” •
EGYPTIAN RED CROSS
AMBULANCE ALSO HIT
Ten Ethiopians Reported Killed
During Air Raid South
of MaJtale.

BACKGROUND—
While Italian Armies advancing
into Ethiopia from Eritrea and So
maliland have made slow progress,
more spectacular "successes" have
been reported, by aviation squad
rons of air-minded II Duce.
On two successive days in early
December planes bombed Dessye, %
site of field headquarters of Em
peror Haile Selassie. Last Monday
squadron bombed Dolo on South
ern front. In first raids American
Red Cross hospital was damaged;
in Dolo incident Swedish outfit was
destroyed and Swedish doctors
killed.
In Rome Mussolini has renewed
efforts to combat economic pres
sure of League of Nations, fears
most the proposed embargo on oil,
necessary commodity to war ma
chine.
By the Associated Press.
A telegram reporting that the Amer
ican field hospital at Daggah Bur,
formerly headed by Dr. Robert Hock
man of Wheaton, 111., had been
bombed was received today at Addis
Ababa by Dr. T. A. Lambie, head of
the Ethiopian Red Cross.
The message gave no details of the
reported bombardment.
Rumors were widely current that
Harar, in Eastern Ethiopia, «aa
being bombed, but the Government
had no word of this. The city is sec
ond only to Addis Ababa in size in
Ethiopia.
Dr. Hoekman recently was killed
' when a bomb, which he believed to be
a "dud.” suddenly exploded.
Daggah Bur, in Southeastern Ethi
opia. is about 75 miles southeast of
Jijiga. important Ethiopian town.
Egyptian Ambulance Hit.
The Addis Ababa correspondent of
the Reuters (British) News Agency
received an unconfirmed rtimor that
j an Egyptian Red Crescent (Red Cross)
, ambulance had been bombed at Dag*
gah Bur.
The American Field Hospital at
Daggah Bur flew the American flag,
recent dispatches stated.
(Dr. Hoekman. in a letter written
from Addis Ababa September 22 to
relatives In Cambridge. Ohio, said:
(“The unit I am taking out to the
front will consist of about seven lay
men from missionary and other ranks
and about 50 natives. We will take
15 large tents and 10 small ones.")
An Ethiopian communique an
nounced a fleet of Italian planes bom
barded heavily the region south of
Makale. on the northern front, killing
10 persons and wounding 15 in the
sector where Emperor Haile Selassie's
defenders have been waging their first
: major offensive.
An official communique from Rome
announced today the Italians lost
their fourth plane in flames yesterday
on the Ethiopian war front.
The communique stated the plane
caught fire over the Cafta region, and
its occupants—two officers, an ob
server and a non-commissioned pilot
—were killed.
Six Italians Killed.
“Our aviation," said the announce
ment. ‘ executed two bombardments—
one against a strong enemy group
moving toward our lines on the cara
van road between Socota and Seloa,
and another in the Cafta region
against an Ethiopian war encamp
ment.”
The communique also said:
“Yesterday on the Eritrean front, in
the Tembien sector and southwest of
Makale, there was intense activity by
leconnoitering patrols.
“Enemy groups were dispersed all
along our line.
“In various actions there were killed
on our side six Italians and two na
tives.”
Far from the rone of war, in Wash
ington, a pronouncement of a fresh
neutrality policy, subject to the will
of a newly convened Congress,
caused a sensation In European cap
itals.
Bombing Held Deliberate.
Further adding to the European
Imbroglio over factors tangent to tha
war in East Africa was the death of
Gunner Lundstrom. one of the Swed
ish Red Cross workers wounded dur
ing an Italian air raid last Monday
on the southern front.
Dr. Fried Hylander, chief of tha
Swedish Red Cross unit In Ogaden
Province, himself wounded, described
(See WAR, Page 7.)
TWO JAPANESE ARE HUPT
AS BANDITS ROB TRAIN
Nine Passengers Wounded in Chi
nese Demilitarized Zone—In
cident Viewed Gravely.
By the Associated Press.
TIENTSIN, January 4.—Three ban
dit* held up the northbound Peiping
to Mukden express near Peltaiho, ISO
I miles northeast of here, last night,
wounding nine passengers, including
two Japanese.
The bandits escaped in the result
ing confusion.
Jhe hold-up Occurred within tha
northern demilitarized zone and waa
the first serious incident in that area
since It became the Japanese-sup
ported East Hopei autonomous state.
Japanese military officials, who
viewed the Incident gravely, said tha
bandits were Chinese who wore the
uniforms of special police of the de
militarized zone.
One of tha victims waa a Japanese
gendarme. * '

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